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Sunny and warmer this afternoon. Highest in upper 40s. Fair tonight with lowest about 35 in city* 28 in suburbs. Tomorrow cloudy, mild. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 32 6 a.m. ___29 11 a.m. ...35 2 am. 32 8 a.m. ___26 Noon_39 4 a.m. —31 10 am. 30 1 p.m. 45 Guide for Readers rage Amusements -_-B-8 Church News.A-9-12 Classified_B-3-5 Comics _B-6-7 Editorial_A-4 Edit’l Articles --A-5 rue Lost and Found.A-3 Obituary -B-2 Real Estate...A-6-7 Radio___B-7 Sports_A-8-9 Society, Clubs..A-7 An Associated Press Newspaper 98th Year. No. 357. Phone ST. 5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1950—TWENTY PAGES. Home Delivery, Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday. $1.60: s /'I'C'VT'mQ Evening only. $1.10: Sunday only, 46c: Night Pinal. 10c Additional. V-'XliXv X O Chinese Probing 38th Parallel; 8th Army Faces Yule Battle as Enemy Masses in Central Korea MacArthur Reports Enemy Is Set for Invasion Kickoff By the Associated Press TOKYO, Dec. 23. — Chinese Communist probing attacks along Parallel 38—and perhaps already south of the border—tonight her alded the second Red invasion of South Korea. Allied defenders waited tensely for an all-out offensive that would touch off a red Christmas and open South Korea to a Com munist flood of North Korean and Chinese troops. Gen. MacArthur's headquarters said all signs indicated the Reds were ready to kick off their new invasion. The crisis approached at a grave moment for the United States 8th Army. Its commander, Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, was killed Saturday forenoon in a jeep accident. He was on his way from Seoul headquarters to the front. Beachhead Shelled. Meanwhile, Communist artillery shells fell on the crowded Hung nam beachhead in Northeast Ko rea for the first time today. Five shells burst in the air over the beachhead during the morning. Allied fighter craft im- | mediately took to the air to search for the single field piece believed responsible. United States 3d Division offi cers said such extremely light and ineffective shelling poses no par ticular threat, although it is a nuisance. American planes have kept the Chinese from bringing their field guns south, catching and destroy ing them on the roads far north of the beachhead. The Reds ap parently slipped the one gun through the aerial cordon. Reds Press on Beachhead. > United States 10th Corps ele ments last were reported holding a tiny pocket at Hungnam on the Sea of Japan. Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters said U. N. forces there repelled! Communist attempts to crash the Hungnam perimeter today. n anes, naval and artillery fire “continued to disperse and destroy enemy groups.” But in Western Central Korea, reports of Chinese forces mass ing along Parallel 38 mounted by; the hour. Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters! said 8th Army patrols had run into I Chinese Reds somewhere near Chongye, a village 2 miles south of the border. A captured Red Korean mes-i senger told interrogators of heavy Communist artillery movements southward toward Kuhwa, a vil lage only 6 miles north of 38. Fifth Air Force pilots have re ported other artillery movements farther north. Chinese Stream South. Since the Chinese Reds struck in overwhelming strength just four weeks ago as U. N. troops were rolling up the last 50-mile stretch of North Korea, the Com munists have moved manpower! masses and supplies southward in' slow, steady streams. The Communists at last were in position—with enormous new manpower reserves thrown into the war from China—to invade South Korea for the second time in six months. Gen. MacArthur’s wrar summary this afternoon said: “Continued, aggressive, probing actions, the presence of artillery with the Chinese columns and the accelerated reinforcement and re supply are all indicative of an; Impending enemy offensive for which sufficient mass now is avail- i able.” Gen. MacArthur’s communique said four more Chinese Army corps—64,000 or more troops— have crossed recently from Man churia into Korea. 2 Elderly Men Found Dead In Alley, Apparently Frozen The bodies of two elderly men who apparently froze to death were found in an alley behind 73 M street S.E. this morning, police reported. Police identified the men as John King, a retired Navy Yard worker, and Fields Gaskin, both colored and over 60 years old. The bodies were taken to the District Morgue, where an autopsy will be performed. Christmas Service Classified Advertising The classified department will render the following service during the Christ mas holidays: Telephone Service. Saturday, December 23, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Sunday, December 24, 11 a.m. to ; 8 p.m. Christmas Day, 9 a.m. to noon. The business counter in The Star lobby where ads may be placed in person only will be open as follows: Saturday, December 23, 7 a.m. to 9 p.m. Sunday, December 24, 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Christmas Day, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Circulation Complaints Christmas Doy, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. only. h 1 r | Gen. Walker's Death in Crash On Way to Front Stuns Army i Ridgway Is Named To Succeed Him as 8th Army Commander By th« Associated Press SEOUL, Korea, Dec. 23.—Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, United States 8th Army commander, was killed today in a jeep acci ,dent. Gen. MacArthur immedi ately appointed Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, deputy chief of staff of the United States Army, to succeed him. Gen. Ridgway will leave Wash ington at 8 o'clock tonight for Korea to take over the command. Gen. Walker, 61, a fighting protege of the late Gen. George S. Patton, jr., died in a smashup while en route to the Western Korea front, where his forces are bracing against a new Chinese Red offensive. In Tokyo, Gen. MacArthur dis closed that he had just recom mended Gen. Walker for promo tion to four-star rank. The first official Army version of the accident was given out to Gen. Walker’s stunned staff offi cers who were called into what some thought would be a routine briefing or a hearing of the gen eral’s Christmas message to his troops. The staff was called to order by Maj. Gen. Leven C. Allen who told the officers: “I have a shocking statement to make. Gen. Walker was virtu ally instantly killed at 11 this morning when his jeep collided head-on with a truck.” The other three occupants of the general’s jeep, all injured, were taken to the hospital. They are Gen. Walker’s aide, Lt. Col. Clayton C. Tyner; M/Sergt. Bel ton, bodyguard, and Sergt. Reen an. jeep driver. The truck involved in the crash was a three-ton American-made weapons carrier of the Republic! of Korea Army. It was manned; by three South Koreans, who wrere1 not injured. The collision oc curred after they had pulled out of a slowly moving or halted con voy headed south. The jeep was armored to pro-! LT. GEN. WALTON H. WALKER. Killed, in jeep crash. —AP Photo. LT. GEN. MATTHEW B. RIDGWAY. New 8th Army commander. —AP Wirephoto. tect the general from injury in case it hit a road mine and thus heavier and stronger than an ordi nary jeep. A sergeant from Brooklyn, iden tified as E. E. Donlin, who was driving a following escort jeep, said Gen. Walker’s driver was do (Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.) Reporters Restricted For Breaking Release On Walker's Death Army Says Early Filing Of News Was 'Gross Violation' of Security By the Associated Press UNITED STATES 8th ARMY HEADQUARTERS, Korea, Dec. 23.—Two war correspondents were deprived of their press privileges by the Army today as a result of the premature disclosure of Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker's death in a jeep accident. Col. Robert L. Thompson, United States 8th Army public informa tion officer, ordered Kenneth Kan tor, National Broadcasting Co. radio correspondent, and Peter Webb of the United Press, re stricted to their quarters Dending investigation of their handling of the stoi-y. Col. Thompson said the release of news of the general’s death be fore it had been announced of ficially was a “gross security viola tion.” The release had been embargoed for 1:05 a.m. (EST). Col. Thompson ordered full cen sorship of all press copy. Telephones being used by all the correspondents covering the 8th Army headquarters were re moved. Until now correspondent’s copy had not been censored at 8th Army headquarters in Korea but newsmen had been operating un (See CORRESPONDENTS. A-2.) 8 U. S. Sabres Destroy 6 oil 5 Soviet Jets in War’s Biggest Air Due! No American Craft Lost In Battle Ranging From Treetops to 30,000 Feet By the Associated Press TOKYO, Dec. 23.—Eight United States Sabre jet fighters took on 15 to 25 Russian-built MIG-15 jets yesterday in “the biggest air battle of the Korean war” and knocked down six of them without damage to themselves. A seventh swept-back-wing MIG was damaged in the 20-minute battle which ranged from treetop level to a frigid 30,000-foot alti tude. The air battle was fought 20 miles southwest of Sinuiju, near the northwest border of Korea. All the kills were confirmed. Seven enemy jets now have been | reported destroyed, one probably destroyed and two damaged since jthe F-86 Sabres, the world’s fast est operational fighters, entered action in Korea December 15. Busiest Day in Air. The jet battle came on what Gen. Mac Arthur’s headquarters called the busiest day of aerial combat in the Korean war. The ! battle was one of three in the Korean skies. The first one was brief and in conclusive, a communique said. Six enemy jets made a hit-and run pass on six Sabres near the Manchurian border. Then the (See JETS, Page A-6.) Discovery of St. Peter's Tomb At Vatican Confirmed by Pope By the Associated Press VATICAN CITY, Dec. 23.—Pope Pius XII announced today that the tomb of St. Peter, prince of the apostles and revered by Cath olics also as the first Pope, has been found in the subterranean grottos of the Vatican. The pontiff reported in his an nual Christmas message, broad cast from the Vatican, that a sci entific study of discoveries made during excavations beneath St. Peter’s Basilica has been com pleted during the 1950 Holy Year. These findings, Pope Pius de clared, were disclosed to be of the highest importance and will be published soon. “Has the tomb (of St. Peter) beat truly found?” the Pope I I asked, and then gave the answer, “Yes.” Bones had been found near the sepulchre, he declared, but it was not possible to determine whether “these were those of St. Peter.” The Vatican reported last March that 10 years of digging in the long-hidden underground chambers below St. Peter’s church yielded archeological evidence supporting the Catholic belief that the prince of the apostles was buried on that site. In June, 1950, the pontiff con secrated a central altar dedicated to St. Peter and located over the reported site of the apostle’s last resting place. But as early as January, 1949, (See TOMB, Page A-6.) i U. S. to Propose Voluntary Wage Control System Pay of Million Men In Auto Industry Is Ordered Frozen By James Y. Newton The Government will announce soon a voluntary plan for control cf all wages and salaries in the country as a companion piece to the new “honor system” price standards. This step will follow the order issued last night by the Economic Cost of Living Climbs to Peak for Second Consecutive Month. Poge A-6 ; Stabilization Agency freezing un : til March 1 the pay of a million employes of the automobile in I dustry. The auto wage freeze was recommended unanimously by the nine-member Wage Stabilization Board, headed by Chairman Cyrus S. Ching. It accompanies the freeze and rollback to December 1 levels of all automobile prices announced a week ago. Mandatory Controls Studied. Wage board officials indicated that the voluntary pay-control standards will be worked out within two weeks. The plan will cover the salaries and wages of all business and industry outside of the automobile field. By the March 1 date the office of Stabilization Director Alan Val entine hopes to have price and wage ceilings worked out on a mandatory basis for the entire economy. The auto wage freeze order did not go into what to do with the highly controversial wage “es calator” clauses which are in most auto industry labor contracts. Under the clauses the pay of the workers is increased or lowered in accordance with living costs on the Government’s price ther mometer. Text of Order. The wage order for the auto mobile workers stated: No employer in the passenger automobile industry shall pay, and no employe in such industry shall receive, during the effective period of this regulation, any wages, salaries or other compensation in excess of those permitted by exist ing collective bargaining agree ments or established wage or salary administration plans or I schedules.” Since there will be no change in the industry's labor contracts in the next few months, and no cost-of-living increases are due until March 1, the Wage Board did not have to make a decision on whether to approve the “esca lator” clauses, which some officials regard as highly inflationary. "A single industry or a portion thereof cannot serve as the broad base upon which wage stabiliza tion precedents are founded,” ESA said. “The implication of such precedents to other industries, employers and employes must be thoroughly explored.” Order “Without Implication.” For this reason, the agency continued, the auto wage order is “without implication” as to the Government’s final approval or disapproval of “escalator” clauses and productivity "improvement” bonuses. In Detroit, Walter P. Reuther, president of the CIO United Auto Workers, hailed the order and said it recognizes that in the auto in dustry “we have already achieved, through our collective bargaining contracts, the stabilization es sential to national defense.” “We are confident that when the long-range orders are issued, they, too, will provide for protec tion of our cost of living and an nual wage improvement clauses,” Mr. Reuther said. Action Required. The auto wage action is re quired by law, in view of ESA’s imposition, December 18, of a ceil ing on new car prices. Wage stabilization must be imposed in any industry where prices are fixed under the Defense Produc tion Act of 1950. Meanwhile, Defense Mobilizer Charles E. Wilson told Senators it is too early to say how much civil ian production may be cut as a result of the stepped-up munitions programs. “We are still in the analyzing stage—we are analyzing like hell,” Mr. Wilson told newsmen later. He said the question of any drastic reduction in consumer goods is “a very meaty subject” which he is now “trying to boil down.” Air Force Flies Parents To Bedside of Sick Son By the Associated Press ABERDEEN PROVING GROUNDS, Md., Dec. 23.—A New York couple stood by the bedside of their sick soldier son here today because the Air Force opened wide the bottleneck of the Christmas traffic crush. Mitchel Field officers sped Mr and Mrs. Irwin Hilsenrath of New York City to the bedside of their son Eugene yesterday after the couple failed in an attempt to get commercial travel accommo dations. Doctors say the 22-year-old soldier still is seriously ill of pneumonia, but his condition is "improving.” "The Air Force has a big heart,” said Mr. Hilsenrath. A A Better Mousetrap? Christmas Exodus Hits Peak; Mail Sets Peacetime Record Extra Trains, Buses and Planes Carry Crowds; Stores Brace for Final Rush Keeping pace with a new peace time record for Christmas mail volume, thousands of Washing ! ton residents continued to pour ■ out of the city today by air, rail, I bus and automobile. Granted an extra day of travel by the long holiday week end, the mass exodus reached its peak last night, as many temporary residents strove to get home by Christmas eve. With most Government offices closed, other thousands remain ing here had a free day for last minute Christmas shopping. De partment stores braced them selves for the customary last minute buyers. Last-day Christmas shopping got off tc a late start, with little evidence of need for the 34 extra traffic policemen posted in the downtown area. But crowds of shoppers, increasing in size, began to show up on P street shortly before noon and store officials ex pected bigger throngs by mid afternoon. None of those inter viewed, however, expected crowds (See CHRISTMAS. Page A-6.) Security Council Sees Disaster if Defense Is Limited to Hemisphere Acheson Statement Hits Opposition to Military Commitments in Europe By Garnett D. Horner The National Security Council is convinced that any attempt to limit United States defenses to jthe Western Hemisphere “could lead only to surrender or defeat” in an inevitable conflict with Rus I sia. Secretary of State Acheson dis closed this late yesterday in a Text of Note to Russia. Page A-5 news conference statement that appeared to be a major admin istration effort to squelch oppo sition to American military com mitments in Europe. Many members of Congress are demanding that Western Europe speed its own defense efforts if it wants American military help continued. Cites “Common Dangers.” Mr. Acheson said “steps are in process now” by which Britain, Prance and other European allies will increase their forces, and in sisted that the United States must push ahead vigorously a policy of developing “common strength” with them to face “common dan gers.” He said the National Security (Continued on Page A-5, Col. 4.) iSix Guardsmen Killed In Blast at Armory By th« Associated Press BOONEVILLE, Miss., Dec. 23.— Six National Guardsmen were killed and six others injured by an explosion in the National Guard armory here last night. Capt. Fred Houston, commander of the 198th Medium Tank Bat talion, reported Sergt. Charles O. Fugitt, 21, and Corpl. William H. Duncan, about 31, died in the blast. Northeast Mississippi hospital said four others died of injuries during the night. The hospital identified them as: Hugh T. Weatherbee, 18, Billy W. Mooney, 17, Lawrence Burks, 27, Tommy Robinson, 19. The hospital said Freddy Fulg ham, 17, is in critical condition, William R. Spencer, 21, St. Har mon Barron, 29, and Nomer Ford, 22, are in serious condition. Sergt. Hardy Prentiss, 28, and Jo Skel ton, 23, were hospitalized for shock. Capt. Houston said the guards men were cleaning weapons when the blast occurred. % Only 2 New Yorkers Answer Urgent Plea For Blood for Korea By th« Associated Press NEW YORK. Dec. 23.—The Red Cross expressed “extreme disap pointment” last night after only two persons answered an urgent appeal here for blood donations to be sent to Korea. A Red Cross spokesman said yesterday was the first day of “the largest single appeal” for blood since the start of the war. With the shipment scheduled to leave tomorrow, today is the second and last day. Radio stations were asked to broadcast urgent appeals for | further donors to beat the dead line. 11 Injured in Flash Fire On Chicago Electric Train By th« Associated Press CHICAGO, Dec. 23. —Eleven persons were injured in a Are which flashed up in a coach of a speeding suburban electric train as it rumbled along elevated tracks today. Panic started among the 70 passengers in the coach. The Chicago, North Shore & Mil waukee Railroad train, speeding into Chicago from North Shore suburbs at 50 miles an hour, 'vent a mile and a half after the blaze flared up before it could be stopped. Witnesses said the passengers broke all the windows in the car and escaped the flames. Fire Chief Raymond Mikkelsen said an electrical short in a switch box caused the fire, which was out by the time firemen arrived. 12 Hurt in Tavern Blast ST. LOUIS, Dec. 23 (/P).—Twelve persons were seriously burned early today when an explosion rocked a South St. Louis tavern, hurling several patrons into the street and shattering most of the windows in the building. U. S. Civil Defense Bill Ready for Conferees As Senate Passes It Both Houses to Meet For Final Session Jan. 1 To Consider Measure By Crosby S. Noyes The Nation's civil defense pro gram was a step closer to reality toctey after clearing its second big congressional hurdle yesterday afternoon. The far-reaching measure, set ting up a powerful new Govern i " ’ " "S [Profits Tox, Arms Bill Put Off Until Janu j ory 1 as Congress Recesses. Page A-6 ment agency and outlining a Na tion-wide plan for survival, was approved by the Senate on a voice vote without objection after a de bate which threatened to delay the measure until the next session of Congress. As the situation stands now, both the House and Senate have passed similar measures. The bill will go to conference between the two houses between today and January 1. The House is sched uled to meet on New Year’s Day to consider the committee report, while the Senate will meet the next day. Last Day of Session. It will be the last day of this session, the new Congress taking over January 3. In addition to the civil defense bill, discussion of the war powers and appropriation measures will also take place at that time. In the Senate, unanimous ap proval was obtained yesterday to limit debate on the three measures to one hour each, eliminating the possibility of a filibuster and vir tually assuring prompt enactment of the civil defense law. The fate of the District’s own civil defense appropriation of $337,500 will also be determined at that last-minute session. The sum, omitted from the House ver sion of the national appropriation bill, was restored by the Senate. Informed sources indicated yes (See CIVIL DEFENSE, Page A-3.) Two Vessels Drifting Helplessly Off Bermuda By th* Associated Press NEW YORK, Dec. 23. —The Coast Guard reported last night that two Nova Scotia freighters are drifting without power about 180 miles northeast of Bermuda. The vessels, owned by Walter Sweeney of Yarmouth, N. S., are the Gladys Sweeney and Walter Sweeney. The Coast Guard said that me chanical failures had occurred on both ships, but that weather was good and there was no call for rescue operations. Ten Enfeebled Patients Killed As Convalescent Home Burns By th« Associated Press AMARILLO, Tex., Dec. 23.— Ten feeble old people, trapped as they laughed over Christmas presents, died late yesterday in a blaze that devoured their barn like barracks home. It was the worst fire in the Texas Panhandle’s history. All the victims were bedridden. Three were blind. “I guess I’ve lost them all!” cried Mrs. J. W. Wright, attend ant in charge of the barracks. ‘‘I should have saved them.” Then she collapsed. But she had saved one patient. Another saved himself. A visitor —a woman badly burned trying to save her stepmother—also got 1 out. Those four were the only survivors of the barracks. The visitor was the only one injured. Thirty-five patients in other units of the four-unit frame and stucco home were saved and taken to an Amarillo Hospital for temporary care. Rescue workers dug for hours in darkness before they freed the last body from the leveled bar racks, part of the Walker con valescent home 6 miles northeast of here. Veteran reporters, old hands at scenes of fear in tornado-stricken Panhandle towns, said the con centrated hysteria and panic at the home was terrible. They said it was extremely difficult to get (See FIRE, Page A-8.) i Icy Roads Bring Record Crashes; One Man Killed More Than 20 Hurt; 266 Cars Damaged In Worst Night Here Traffic smash-ups set a new record in Washington last night as hundreds of automobiles skidded on a treacherous glaze of ice. One man was killed, more than a score of persons were injured and ai least 266 automobile^ were damaged in what veteran Traffic Division policemen described as the worst night in their memory. Ice-covered highways outside city claimed additional hundreds of smashed cars and police said accidents were happening so fast they could not make reports on all of them. Sunshine Melting Ice. Warm sunshine today was melt ing the ice and the Weather Bu reau promised that tomorrow and Christmas Day would be clear and mild. The temperature will go into the upper 40s today and climb above 50 tomorrow, the forecaster said. The temperature dropped below freezing after yesterday’s snow storm and turned the melting slush into ice. A low of 26 de grees was reported early this morning. George Alan Macrae. 67, of 230 Rhode Island avenue N.E., a real estate man, was killed when he was struck by an automobile at Twenty-second street and Rhode Island avenue N.E. His death was the 70th tramc fatality of the year as compared with 66 at this time last year. Was on Way Home. Mr. Macrae had just closed his real estate office at 2125 Rhode Island avenue N.E. and was en route home when he was struck by an automobile driven by Guy E. Hoke, 42, of 4314 Newton street, Brentwood, Md., police reported. He was pronounced dead at the scene by a Health Department ambulance physician. Police said calls of traffic acci dents were coming into police headquarters so fast after the slush began freezing yesterday that only the most serious could be investigated. Motorists who reported their cars damaged but no one injured were told they would have to wait if they wanted a formal report made. The 266 accidents recorded be tween noon yesterday and 8 a.m. today, therefore, represented only a portion of the total number of ' accidents. Traffic Division officers pointed out. 420 Calls Received. The American Automobile Asso ciation reported it received 420 calls for assistance from motorists whose cars had been damaged or skidded from the road. Police in nearby Maryland and Virginia counties reported distress calls were coming in so fast during the night they could investigate only the most serious. Station clerks were so busy they could not keep a record of the number of calls. Two policemen were among those injured in traffic accidents during the night. Pvt. Joseph P. Basaman, 26, of the 10th pre cinct was knocked down while directing traffic at Sixteenth and Harvard streets N.W. He was treated at Garfield Hospital for severe bruises. George T. Sant myers, jr., 33, of 515 Decatur street N.W., driver of the car that struck the officer, was charged with driv ing while drunk. Guard Struck by Car. Pvt. Milton Worrell, 24. of 2322 Irving street S.E., a Pentagon guard, was knocked down by a car while directing traffic in the Penta gon grounds. He was treated at Providence Hospital for leg cuts and head injuries. Mrs. Betty Fry, 27, of 314 Bri land street, Alexandria, suffered possible fracture of her left leg when her car skidded and went (See ACCIDENTS, Page A-2.) Strike on TWA Threatened NEW YORK, Dec. 23 (fP).—'The CIO Transport Workers Union confronted Tran$ World Airlines with the threat of a navigators’ strike today as contract negotia tions broke down. A union spokesman, who refused use of his name, said yesterday that the present contract expires Decem ber 31, and the “temper of the men is no contract, no work.’’ News Features In Today's Star NEW FACES IN CONGRESS-Wil liom Jennings Bryan Dorn, once cited by Russia's Vishinsky as the "No. 1 warmonger in the United States," re turns to the 82d Congress as a Repre sentative from South Carolina. With Kenneth A. Roberts, lawyer*legislator from Alabama, he is introduced on Page B-2. CHRISTMAS MUSIC PROGRAMS— The traditional carols will be featured at services in most Washington churches tomorrow. Alice Eversman, The Star's music critic, gives a run-down of pro grams and performers on Page A-11. THE COMMITTEE ON THE PRESENT DANGER—A casual after-dinner con versation led to the forming of a pow erful citizens' group dedicated to find ing the answers to the question of national survival. The committee, its membership ond its purpose is discussed by Star Reporter George Beveridge on Poge A-4.