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Sunny, wtnfiy. colder today. Fair tonight and tomorrow. Low tonight, 32 in city, 27 in suburbs. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight._40 6 a.m. _.45 11 a.m. ..47 2 a.m. ..40 8 a.m.-.50 Noon ..46 4 a.m. .-40 10 a.m. ..41 1 p.m.-.46 Lote New York Markets, Page A-19. Guide for Readers! Pale Amusements ..A-20 Classified _..B-*-12 Comics _B-14-15 Crossword _B-14 Editorial .....A-IO Edit’l Articles..A-11 Pm Finance -A-19 Obituary _A-12 Radio _B-13 Sports_A-15-17 Woman’s Section_B-3-4 An Associated Press Newspaper_ 99th Year. No. 15. Phone ST. 5000 ' ** WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 15, 1951—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. Home Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday. $1.50; ez f jKN TS Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 45c; Night Final. 10c Additional. ^ 3 Towns Taken South of Seoul; U. S. to Build Up Armed Might In Korea, Gen. Collins Declares Plane Strikes Pave Way for Start of U. N. Offensive By the Associated Press TOKYO, Tuesday. Jan. 16 — American and Allied forces gained up to 12 miles Monday in a sud den offensive on the Western Ko rean front south of Seoul. Tank-infantry teams by night fall had recaptured three towns— Osan, Kumyangjang and Chon. Associated Press War Corre spondent Stan Swinton reported Gen. Ruffner's New Command Gets Mixed Reaction at Home. Page A-4 Upper Marlboro Gl Killed in Action; Two Area Men Missing. Page B-6 MocArthur Press Aide Due Here to Dis cuss Censorship Problems. Page A-4 that frontline morale among United Nations troops soared as the weary fighters realized they had seized the initiative, at least locally. A strange lack of resistance from Chinese Communist troops was noted. The Reds made their first serious stand from dug-in hill positions north of Kumyang jang at dusk. There they opened up on United States 3d Division troops with automatic weapons. Artillery Blast Reds. Allied artillery blasted the Reds In low hills l‘/2 miles north of Osan. The town is 28 air miles south of Seoul. Allied troops had aDandoned it January 17 under a powerful Chinese Red offensive. Kumyangjang is 9 miles north east of Osan. Chon is 3 miles south of Kumyangjang. The Allied attack started at 7 a.m. Monday <5 p.m., EST, Sunday) on a 9-mile front. The Americans wheeled into Osan without firing a shot. An other column swept northeast into j Kumyangjang. The 5th Air Force leported it cut down nearly 1.000; Reds fleeing north. Air strikes paved the way for start of the offensive. It appeared that Gen. MacAr thur's forces had taken advantage of the Chinese shift in power to the central front and had driven a tank-supported column straight up the enemy’s Western flank. Still Face Trouble in East. While the Allies were gaining in the West sector, they still faced trouble in the East. Korean Reds had skirted the 2d Division’s northernmost positions near Wonju in a deep thrust along the southeast flank in the Sobaek Mountains. There was some improvement j in the eastern position when the j Americans Sunday night recap tured Yongwol, a key point in the hills 30 miles southeast of Wonju. The Reds later were reported to have recaptured Yongwol, but 8th Army headquarters said its latest word Monday night was that “friendly” forces still held the town. The North Korean Red force estimated at 30.000 fanning out and infiltrating along the flank was still a serious threat. Osan Falls Fifth Time. Osan changed hands for the fifth time today. The force which took Osan swept across the flatland from Sojong. Even for a man long accustomed to the horrors of war. the road was a nerve-wrenching s ig h t, Correspondent Swinton wrote. Dozens of frozen bodies lay by the roadside in the contortions of sudden death. Snow lay like a lace mantle across the bare breasts of a young woman still handsome in death as she sprawled face up in a ditch. Herj frozen baby lay nearby. The dead all were in civilian' clothes. The handful of Korean civilians left in the area told United Nations officers that early last week strafing U. N. planes killed scores of civilian refugees and six Communist soldiers. They said Red soldiers had in filtrated among the refugees. Three Chinese Captured. Three uninjured Chinese pris oners were taken up to dark. All three claimed to be 40th Army de serters. They said the Chinese artillery unit withdrew northward several days ago taking along its four American-made 105-mm. guns. Farther east a five-man patrol encountered a four-man Chinese patrol. Two Reds were killed and one was captured badly wounded. (See KOREA, Page A-4') Late News Bulletin Cook Reported Caught SAN DIEGO, Calif. UP).— Sheriff Bert Strand said he was informed that Badman Bill Cook, suspected slayer of f eight, has been captured in Mexico. !8-to-26Group May Volunteer For 21 Months By George Beveridge President Truman ordered to day that men between the ages of 18 and 26 be allowed to volun teer for 21 months of service in ■ the Army through their local 1 draft boards. The main provision of the new executive order is that youths, whether they are registered un der the draft or not. can volun teer and be called into uniform before other draft-liable regis trants are called. The new order. Selective Serv ice officials stressed, in no way changes the present armed forces’ recruiting policies under which youths can enlist before they are ordered by draft boards to take pre-induction examina ; tions. These enlistments, how ever. are for longer periods of service than the 21-month draft induction. Accepts 18-Year-olds. Since Selective Service at pres ent is sending men only to the Army, volunteers under the new White House order can get 21 months’ service only in the Army Defense officials have stressed to Congress within the last few days, however, that present plans call for all the services to get -only proportionate shares of the top men who enlist. I Draft officials outlined these three points as main effects of the new order: 1. To allow men who want to (See MANPOWER. Page A-3.) Bridges Urges Break With Soviet, Satellites; Also Calls for UMT j G. 0. P. Leader Says World War III Against Reds Is in Progress By J. A. O'Leary A break in diplomatic relations with Russ a was urged today by Senator Bridges. Republican, of New Hampshire as the Senate prepared to resume foreign policy debate. The ranking Republican on the Armed Services and Appropria tion Committees took the view that the United States already is “in World War III” against com munism and called for universal military training along with round-the-clock production. Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada, renewed the demand for a second front in Red China, through aid to Chiang Kai-shek. Unless this is done, he said, “American troops will go on tak ing one licking after another” in Korea. Senator McCarran has introduced a bill for a billion dol lars in aid to the Chinese Nation alists. Eisenhower Support Seen. Both men aired their views in speeches prepared for Senate de livery today, following these week end developments: 1. Senator Eastland, Democrat, of Mississippi, introduced a reso lution today to withdraw the United States from the United Nations if Communist China is admitted to membership. Along with it went a second resolution directing the armed forces of the United States to protect Formosa from occupation by the Commu nists. No immediate Senate action was sought. 2. Harold E. Stassen predicted yesterday that 35 of the 47 Re publicans in the Senate will sup (See FOREIGN POLICY, Pg. A-3.1 Troop Replacements Already Are On Way, ^Army Chief Reveals I By the Associated Press TOKYO, Jan. 15.—Gen. J. Law ton Collins said today the United States will build up its armed | might in South Korea and "will certainly stay and fight.” The United States Army Chief of Staff said troop replacements will begin to flow into Korea in two or three months. He added at a news conference during his I fourth visit to the Korean theater: One new Regular Army division will be organized. More National Guard units will be called into service. Some replacements for American troops already are go ing to the front. Tokyo Parleys Go On. ! Meanwhile, leading American Army. Air Force and naval officers met here under a shroud of se crecy that raised immediate spec-j illation about a new move in the Korean war. Two developments spurred the guesses, which ranged from a pos sibility that the Chinese Nation alists might be used in the Ko rean fighting to that of a further Allied withdrawal—or evacuation of the peninsula. i The officers probably will not decide policy in Tokyo. Their job appears either to collect in formation for proposals to be made in Washington, or to work out the military details of poli cies already decided but not an nounced. 2 Developments Unexplained. Military sources remained quiet on the two unexplained develop ments: 1. The arrival last night of Gen. Collins and Gen. Hoyt S Vanden-, berg. Army and Air Force chiefs of staff; Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, chief of the Central In i telftgence Agency, and Maj. Gen.. ; Alexander R. Bolling, deputy Army chief of staff and Army chief of intelligence. 2. Sudden removal of Maj. Gen. Robert B. McClure, who has com manded the United States 2d Di-1 vision since December 11. The visitors arrived secretly, then met at midnight Sunday with I top commanders here and pre sumably with Gen. MacArthur. | They were back in session again this morning. Gen. Smith conferred with Gen. MacArthur for one hour. The subject was not disclosed. But the session probably covered the full range of the Communist cam paign in Asia. Gen. Smith and | (See GENERALS, Page A-4.) Rosenberg Accusers Nay Face Court Test By the Associated Press The Senate Armed Services Com mittee moved today to test in j court whether the men who ac- i cused Mrs. Anna M. Rosenberg of, being a Communist sympathizer committed perjury. The committee, which unani mously cleared the Assistant Sec retary of Defense after a 15-day investigation, ordered the record of its hearings submitted to the Department of Justice for study. An accompanying letter asked that the department determine whether there is evidence of per jury. Ralph De Sola, New York mi crofilm technician and former Communist, had testified he saw Mrs. Rosenberg at Communist meetings in New York 15 years ago. Mrs. Rosenberg denied the charges vigorously. Benjamin Freedman, retired New York businessman who had put Senators in touch with De Sola, also testified and later asked permission to alter his testimony. Use Koch Given Life in Prison For Role in Buchenwald Deaths By the Associated Press AUGSBURG, Germany, Jan. 15. —Ilse Koch was sentenced to life imprisonment today for causing! the murder of Buchehwald con centration camp prisoners. The “Red Witch of Buchen wald,” 44, was convicted of crimes against Austrian and German prisoners of the Nazis. The red haired widow of the camp's war time Nazi commander was not in court to hear the verdict. Mrs. Koch broke into a hyster ical frenzy in her prison cell last night. A court doctor testified she was in no condition to attend the session today and hear the sentence. It was the second life im prisonment sentence for Mrs. Koch. The first, imposed by an American war crimes court after the war, had been commuted to ! four years. She was convicted by the United States court for crimes j against Allied personnel. The German court of three i judges and six jurymen, which spent seven weeks hearing shock ing accusations against the red haired tyrant of the concentration camp, convicted her specifically of inciting the murder of one prisoner, inciting the attempted murder of another and mciting serious injury to five others. She was also convicted of causing lesser injuries of two inmates. She was acquitted of personally as sisting in any killings. One of the most revolting charges against her—that she had tatooed prisoners killed so she could have lampshades made of their skin—was dropped by the prosecution, which said it could not prove the charge. U. S. Bans New Starts On Most Non-Essential Commercial Building Licensing Plan Expected By Feb. 15; Order Hits Retail Construction By Francis P. Douglas The National Production Au thority today banned construction of a long list of commercial build ings for retail sales and services if they do not contribute to the defense effort, i 1 • By February 15 the agency will have a licensing arrangement in operation whereby commercial construction will be permitted only if it furthers the defense program, is essential to public health, welfare or safety or will reduce or prevent a hardship to a particular community. Before that date commercial buildings will be authorized only in emergency cases. The order would not apply to work already under way. NPA said the action was taken to save scarce and critical ma terial and manpower for defense and defense - supporting projects. It mentioned particularly the in dustrial plant expansion program and the building needs of com munities affected by military and industrial expansion. Many Types of Work Curbed. Types of construction which are prohibited without NPA au thorization include facilities for the sale, display, storage or dis tribution of consumer goods, in cluding all retail stores and shop ping centers: storage warehouses for personal effects but not when used by manufacturers or proces sors, and buildings of these spe cifically listed classes: Banks, office and loft buildings, hotels, motels and tourist camps, barber and beauty shops, garages, service stations, laundry and dry cleaning establishments, shoe re pair and tailor shops, undertaking and cemetery buildings, com munity and neighborhood build ings. restaurants and printing shops. The order places no restrictions on the construction of wholesale food establishments or wholesale supply facilities for fuel oil, gaso line, coal, gas distributing systems and pipelines. Order Already in Effect. In the case of multiple-use buildings, such as apartment houses with stores or offices on the ground floor, authorization would be required for construction for the portion of the building in tended for commercial purposes. The order is in effect now, being dated at midnight Saturday. An earlier draft of the order set the licensing date as March 1. An agency official explained, however, (See CONTROLS, Page A-3.) Soldier Kicked af Scene Of Attack on Policeman A Fort McNair soldier was kicked in the chest and back by two men early last night, police reported, at the corner of Fourth and H streets N.E., where two days ago a policeman was attacked in a near-riot. The soldier, Donald Buchanan, 18, was treated at Casualty Hos pital and admitted later to Walter Reed Hospital with a possible fractured ankle and shoulder. Police arrested Thomas A. Han ger, 18, of the 500 block of H street N.E. and Robert A. Rowley, 18, of 1100 block of Abbey place N.E. Both men were charged with as sault, police said. Truman Asks Prompt Action On Dispersal of U. S. Agencies 'Acceleration of Defense Effort' Requires New Buildings Outside D. C., He Says By Joseph Young President Truman today urged Congress to take prompt action on legislation to disperse a num ber of Federal agencies here to outlying sites in nearby Mary land and Virginia. The “acceleration of the defense effort” requires such action ; promptly, Mr. Truman said in his budget message. ! The President also told Con gress that decentralization of other Federal functions to perma nent sites in other cities—as dis tinct from dispersal—would be undertaken “only in those in stances where the functions in volved can be permanently located at further distances without sig nificant loss of efficiency." Regarding the dispersal plari to j construct new Federal buildings in areas 15 to 20 miles outside the District, the President said the increased number of Government employes as a result of the na tional emergency program makes such action necessary. "From the viewpoint of security (he new buildings should not be located in the central area of the District of Columbia but should be located within commuting dis tance and sufficiently removed from each other to assure con tinuity of operations in event of air attack,” the President added. Mr. Truman also said that “long range planning goals for the Capi tal area also call for dispersal of Government buildings. The President asked for similar action in letters to the.House and Senate Public Works Committees about four months ago. but Con gress adjourned before action could be taken. Similar legisla tion has been introduced in the new Congress. The budget recommends a $190 million appropriation for the dis persal plan, which would involve 30.000 to 35.000 employes. High Court Throws Out Wisconsin Milk Ban Much Like D. C. Rule Invalidates Ordinance Requiring Processing Within 5 Miles of City In a milk inspection case involv ing questions raised over shipment of milk into the District, the Su preme Court today struck down a Madison (Wis.) ordinance ban ning sale of milk not pasteurized within five miles of that city.. The Wisconsin case has aroused great interest in this area because a similar situation is in existence here although the circumstances of inspection requirements are not the same. An eight-year-old emergency provision permitted importation of outside milk into the District from farms not inspected by District authorities. The Commissioners recently were asked to extend this provi ! sion but they refused to do so. Bitter Fight Here. Instead, they decreed that all milk imported for consumption within the District must come from farms inspected by the staff of the District Health Depart ment. However, a small quantity of milk not inspected by Dis trict authorities is being procesed by some Washington dairies for the use of the armed forces. The Commissioners’ action pre cipitated a bitter fight with sev eral independent dairies who wanted the emergency provision extended. The Supreme Court, in a 6-3 opinion written by Justice Clark, reversed Wisconsin court rulings that upheld the Madison ban. The majority opinion held that the regulation ran contrary to the principle that “one State, in its dealings with another, may not place itself in a position of eco nomic isolation.” Black Writes Dissent. A dissenting opinion by Justice Black, in which Justices Douglas and Minton concurred, took ex ception to the majority opinion which invalidated the Madison ordinance on the grounds that it excluded milk from Illinois, and imposed a discriminatory burden on interstate commerce. The dissent contended that (See MILK, Page A-5.) Holober Gets New Trial In Murder of Wife, Live Burial of Baby Circuit Judge's Actions Were Prejudicial, Appeals Court Holds The Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals today reversed the death sentence conviction of Charles Francis Holober, 42, former Wash ington cab driver who admitted slaying his wife and burying their baby alive at an abandoned nudist camp in Fairfax County. The Court of Appeals ordered a new trial for Holober with a unanimous opinion that Fairfax Circuit Court Judge Paul E. Brown “took a more active part in the examination of witnesses than was proper,” the Associated Press reported from Richmond, Va. Holober was convicted a year ago of murdering his expectant wife. He has never stood trial on the charge of murdering the 8-month-old infant. The killings took place in February, 1949, near Pender, Va. Holober, who formerly lived in (See HOLOBER. Page A-5.> $71.5 Billion Budget Is Given to Congress; $136 Million for D. C. __ ♦ Truman Declares $16.4 Billion Tax Boost Is Needed By Joseph A. Fox President Truman today asked Congress to approve a spending budget of more than $71.5 billion; for the 1952 fiscal year starting July 1, “to meet and overcome the barbaric threat of commu nism.” He said that sound policy would require a tax increase of more More Than 50% of Defense Budget to Go for Arms. Page A-71 Leaders of Congress Bock Poy-as-You Go Military Financing. Poge A-7 Other Stories on the National and District Budgets Appear on Page A-6. than $16.4 billion. However, at a press seminar before the annual message went to Capitol Hill, the President explained that this did not necessarily reflect the size of the tax increase to be sought and that it might go as high as $20 billion under the “pay-as-we-go” | principle of financing the defense program. The President hopes to h^ve the exact figures ready when the House Ways and Means Committee starts hearings on the new tax legisla tion February 8. Mr. Truman wants the new imposts made effective as soon as possible—pre ferably retroactive to January 1. $8 Billion Already Voted. Congress already has voted $8 billion in new taxes since the out break in Korea, to raise the take to more than $55.1 billion annually j —a new high. The major items in the budget, naturally, are $41.4 billion for mil itary services and $7.4 billion for j international security and foreign ! relations, the total running to 69 per cent of the over-all request. This nearly doubles current year I spending estimates. But even at that, the President stressed that figures for both categories “may be subject to sub stantial adjustment as the defense program progresses.” Along with the contemplated j outlay. Mr. Truman asked for contractual authority for the free world defense approximating $72 billion, for which the actual spending could be spread over succeeding years. Europe’s Responsibility. Significantly, in view of criti cism that Europe is lagging in the preparedness efforts, the President declared that the aid recom-1 mended for the Western nations i “will be conditioned on their j carrying out their full responsi-! bilities for building the defensive strength of the North Atlantic Treaty community.” The President continued to count on an active armed-force strength of 3.5 million in this Truman Sees Work On White House Finished by Nov. 7 President Truman today predicted that renovation work at White House would be completed by November 1. This is the latest estimate for finishing the big recon- j struction job on the executive mansion. Total cost, the President said in his budget message to Congress, will be about $5, 400.000. country by mid-1952. with “our troops supplied with the best weapons in the world.” The budget assigned more than $23.1 billion for all the rest of home front activities, which rep- j (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 4.) i Woman Dies Under Train Here After 2 Unsuccessful Attempts i Twice thwarted in attempts to I die under the wheels of a pas senger train, Mrs. Natalie A. Warner of 1933 S street N.W. suc ceeded on the third try today. She was injured fatally under the Monroe street bridge In Northeast Washington at 11:14 a.m., after witnesses had seen her staggering along the track. Her first brush with death came when the southbound Cumberland to Baltimore steam locomotive stopped at the Seventh street and Michigan avenue N.E. station. Kenneth V. Robbinet of 1501 North Capitol street said he saw the woman standing on the tracks in front of the station and led her out of harm’s way. He talked to her by the Mich igan street bridge, then saw her stagger southward toward the Monroe street bridge, Mr, Rob binet said. Meanwhile, the train pulled out, | and midway between the bridges | the engineer, C. F. Snyder of! Shenandoah Junction, W. Va., saw the woman again totter onto the tracks. “I stopped in time to prevent hitting her,” Mr. Snyder said, “and waited until she again moved off the tracks and started walking south again.” Mrs. Warner apparently moved out of sight and under the Mon roe Street Bridge, where she made her third and successful bid for death. One wheel of the locomo tive’s front, or pony truck, ran over her at the waist and she was pronounced dead at Gallinger Hospital. At the S street address where Mrs. Warner roomed, another tenant said it was assumed Mrs. Warner was a widow. It also was relieved she was unemployed, a supposition borne out by a num ber of clipped classified advertise ments found in the dead woman’s purse. i No Tax Revisions Sought Here; U. S. Share Is $12 Million By Don S. Warren A record - breaking District budget of $136,778,600 for the 1952 fiscal year, beginning July 1, was placed before Congress today by President Truman. It is balanced in all funds. This is due primarily to surpluses Truman Asks $25,000 to Plon Flood Con trol in Anocostia River. Page B-1 expected at the end of this year i and to a Treasury loan of $3.9 million for expansion of the Cap ital’s water supply. This is a second installment on a program for water system expansion for which the city is authorized to borrow up to $23 million. The total cost is expected to exceed $67 million. No changes in District taxes were recommended, but the budget plan calls for a full $12 million payment as the Federal share of District costs since this is in keeping with present law. Payment Reduced. For the present fiscal year Congress reduced its payment to $10.8 million because of a showing that the city would enjoy a surplus on June 30. The proposed new spending program is $16.7 million above appropriations so far made for the present year, but the Com missioners held the budget to this figure only after slashing more than $17 million from the requests of their departments. I In his general budget message, Mr. Truman renewed his request for continuation of Federal rent j controls in the light of the de fense program. No funds are in cluded in the District budget for this purpose, however, since Con gress has not yet acted on exten ' sion of the District’s separate control plan beyond March 31. Likewise, the budget carries no fund for development of the Dis trict's civil defense program, but District officials are earmarking $2.5 million for calculated sup plemental needs and $1 million of this is set aside for civil de fense. Spread Over Wide Range. Much of the increase in the District budget is spread over a wide range of departments. Among its highlights are pro visions for: Beginning of a new Industrial Home School at Laurel. Md., on land already acquired for a chil dren’s welfare center there. Starting construction of the East Capitol Street Bridge over the Anacostia River: an overpass at New York and South Dakota avenues N.E. and an underpass at Benning road and Kenilworth avenue N.E. The latter two are related to development of the new Washington - Baltimore freeway, (Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.) 500.C-J More Jobs To Be Opened by U. S. The Government plans to in crease the number of its civilian employes by 5Q0.000 during the next 17 months, Budget Bureau officials disclosed today. The $71 billion budget request sent to Congress today by Presi dent Truman would provide for 12.6 million Federal jobs by June : 30, 1952. budget officials said. Present plans call for a total of 2.3 million Government workers by next June 30. Present Federal employment is about 2.1 million. The anticipated 500.000 in crease in employment would mean about 50,000 new Government jobs in Washington. Most of the new jobs will be in the defense agencies and the various economic control bureaus. Peak Federal employment dur ing World War II was 3.7 million in June, 1945. Featured Reading Inside Today's Star MEET THE "CISCO KID"—An ex citing new Western adventure strips based on O. Henry's famous character, the "Cisco Kid," starts today in The Star's daily comics section. Get ac quainted with "Cisco" now by turning to Page B-14. FROM BATTLE TO BOOM—A visit to Bladensburg recalls the fateful de feat of 1814 but Star Staff Reporter George Kennedy also notes the new surge of building in his story on the historic Washington suburb on Page B-l. BIRTH OF THE UNITED NATIONS —Former Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles describes President Roosevelt's role in planning for a future international organization in the second of two articles on Page A-14.