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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 15, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny, wtnfiy. colder today. Fair tonight
and tomorrow. Low tonight, 32 in city,
27 in suburbs. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight._40 6 a.m. _.45 11 a.m. ..47
2 a.m. ..40 8 a.m.-.50 Noon ..46
4 a.m. .-40 10 a.m. ..41 1 p.m.-.46
Lote New York Markets, Page A-19.
Guide for Readers!
Amusements ..A-20
Classified _..B-*-12
Comics _B-14-15
Crossword _B-14
Editorial .....A-IO
Edit’l Articles..A-11
Finance -A-19
Obituary _A-12
Radio _B-13
An Associated Press Newspaper_
99th Year. No. 15. Phone ST. 5000 '
Home Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday. $1.50; ez f jKN TS
Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only. 45c; Night Final. 10c Additional. ^
3 Towns Taken South of Seoul;
U. S. to Build Up Armed Might
In Korea, Gen. Collins Declares
Plane Strikes Pave
Way for Start of
U. N. Offensive
By the Associated Press
TOKYO, Tuesday. Jan. 16 —
American and Allied forces gained
up to 12 miles Monday in a sud
den offensive on the Western Ko
rean front south of Seoul.
Tank-infantry teams by night
fall had recaptured three towns—
Osan, Kumyangjang and Chon.
Associated Press War Corre
spondent Stan Swinton reported
Gen. Ruffner's New Command Gets
Mixed Reaction at Home. Page A-4
Upper Marlboro Gl Killed in Action;
Two Area Men Missing. Page B-6
MocArthur Press Aide Due Here to Dis
cuss Censorship Problems. Page A-4
that frontline morale among
United Nations troops soared as
the weary fighters realized they
had seized the initiative, at least
A strange lack of resistance
from Chinese Communist troops
was noted. The Reds made their
first serious stand from dug-in
hill positions north of Kumyang
jang at dusk. There they opened
up on United States 3d Division
troops with automatic weapons.
Artillery Blast Reds.
Allied artillery blasted the Reds
In low hills l‘/2 miles north of
Osan. The town is 28 air miles
south of Seoul. Allied troops
had aDandoned it January 17
under a powerful Chinese Red
Kumyangjang is 9 miles north
east of Osan. Chon is 3 miles
south of Kumyangjang.
The Allied attack started at
7 a.m. Monday <5 p.m., EST,
Sunday) on a 9-mile front.
The Americans wheeled into
Osan without firing a shot. An
other column swept northeast into j
Kumyangjang. The 5th Air Force
leported it cut down nearly 1.000;
Reds fleeing north. Air strikes
paved the way for start of the
It appeared that Gen. MacAr
thur's forces had taken advantage
of the Chinese shift in power to
the central front and had driven
a tank-supported column straight
up the enemy’s Western flank.
Still Face Trouble in East.
While the Allies were gaining
in the West sector, they still faced
trouble in the East.
Korean Reds had skirted the 2d
Division’s northernmost positions
near Wonju in a deep thrust
along the southeast flank in the
Sobaek Mountains.
There was some improvement j
in the eastern position when the j
Americans Sunday night recap
tured Yongwol, a key point in the
hills 30 miles southeast of Wonju.
The Reds later were reported to
have recaptured Yongwol, but 8th
Army headquarters said its latest
word Monday night was that
“friendly” forces still held the
The North Korean Red force
estimated at 30.000 fanning out
and infiltrating along the flank
was still a serious threat.
Osan Falls Fifth Time.
Osan changed hands for the
fifth time today.
The force which took Osan
swept across the flatland from
Sojong. Even for a man long
accustomed to the horrors of war.
the road was a nerve-wrenching
s ig h t, Correspondent Swinton
Dozens of frozen bodies lay by
the roadside in the contortions
of sudden death. Snow lay like a
lace mantle across the bare
breasts of a young woman still
handsome in death as she
sprawled face up in a ditch. Herj
frozen baby lay nearby.
The dead all were in civilian'
clothes. The handful of Korean
civilians left in the area told
United Nations officers that early
last week strafing U. N. planes
killed scores of civilian refugees
and six Communist soldiers.
They said Red soldiers had in
filtrated among the refugees.
Three Chinese Captured.
Three uninjured Chinese pris
oners were taken up to dark. All
three claimed to be 40th Army de
serters. They said the Chinese
artillery unit withdrew northward
several days ago taking along its
four American-made 105-mm.
Farther east a five-man patrol
encountered a four-man Chinese
patrol. Two Reds were killed and
one was captured badly wounded.
(See KOREA, Page A-4')
Late News
Cook Reported Caught
SAN DIEGO, Calif. UP).—
Sheriff Bert Strand said he
was informed that Badman
Bill Cook, suspected slayer of
f eight, has been captured in
May Volunteer
For 21 Months
By George Beveridge
President Truman ordered to
day that men between the ages
of 18 and 26 be allowed to volun
teer for 21 months of service in
■ the Army through their local
1 draft boards.
The main provision of the new
executive order is that youths,
whether they are registered un
der the draft or not. can volun
teer and be called into uniform
before other draft-liable regis
trants are called.
The new order. Selective Serv
ice officials stressed, in no way
changes the present armed
forces’ recruiting policies under
which youths can enlist before
they are ordered by draft boards
to take pre-induction examina
; tions. These enlistments, how
ever. are for longer periods of
service than the 21-month draft
Accepts 18-Year-olds.
Since Selective Service at pres
ent is sending men only to the
Army, volunteers under the new
White House order can get 21
months’ service only in the Army
Defense officials have stressed to
Congress within the last few days,
however, that present plans call
for all the services to get -only
proportionate shares of the top
men who enlist.
I Draft officials outlined these
three points as main effects of the
new order:
1. To allow men who want to
(See MANPOWER. Page A-3.)
Bridges Urges Break
With Soviet, Satellites;
Also Calls for UMT j
G. 0. P. Leader Says
World War III Against
Reds Is in Progress
By J. A. O'Leary
A break in diplomatic relations
with Russ a was urged today by
Senator Bridges. Republican, of
New Hampshire as the Senate
prepared to resume foreign policy
The ranking Republican on the
Armed Services and Appropria
tion Committees took the view
that the United States already is
“in World War III” against com
munism and called for universal
military training along with
round-the-clock production.
Senator McCarran, Democrat, of
Nevada, renewed the demand for
a second front in Red China,
through aid to Chiang Kai-shek.
Unless this is done, he said,
“American troops will go on tak
ing one licking after another” in
Korea. Senator McCarran has
introduced a bill for a billion dol
lars in aid to the Chinese Nation
Eisenhower Support Seen.
Both men aired their views in
speeches prepared for Senate de
livery today, following these week
end developments:
1. Senator Eastland, Democrat,
of Mississippi, introduced a reso
lution today to withdraw the
United States from the United
Nations if Communist China is
admitted to membership. Along
with it went a second resolution
directing the armed forces of the
United States to protect Formosa
from occupation by the Commu
nists. No immediate Senate action
was sought.
2. Harold E. Stassen predicted
yesterday that 35 of the 47 Re
publicans in the Senate will sup
Troop Replacements
Already Are On Way,
^Army Chief Reveals
By the Associated Press
TOKYO, Jan. 15.—Gen. J. Law
ton Collins said today the United
States will build up its armed |
might in South Korea and "will
certainly stay and fight.”
The United States Army Chief
of Staff said troop replacements
will begin to flow into Korea in
two or three months. He added
at a news conference during his
I fourth visit to the Korean theater:
One new Regular Army division
will be organized. More National
Guard units will be called into
service. Some replacements for
American troops already are go
ing to the front.
Tokyo Parleys Go On.
! Meanwhile, leading American
Army. Air Force and naval officers
met here under a shroud of se
crecy that raised immediate spec-j
illation about a new move in the
Korean war.
Two developments spurred the
guesses, which ranged from a pos
sibility that the Chinese Nation
alists might be used in the Ko
rean fighting to that of a further
Allied withdrawal—or evacuation
of the peninsula.
i The officers probably will not
decide policy in Tokyo. Their
job appears either to collect in
formation for proposals to be
made in Washington, or to work
out the military details of poli
cies already decided but not an
2 Developments Unexplained.
Military sources remained quiet
on the two unexplained develop
1. The arrival last night of Gen.
Collins and Gen. Hoyt S Vanden-,
berg. Army and Air Force chiefs
of staff; Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell
Smith, chief of the Central In
i telftgence Agency, and Maj. Gen..
; Alexander R. Bolling, deputy
Army chief of staff and Army
chief of intelligence.
2. Sudden removal of Maj. Gen.
Robert B. McClure, who has com
manded the United States 2d Di-1
vision since December 11.
The visitors arrived secretly,
then met at midnight Sunday with I
top commanders here and pre
sumably with Gen. MacArthur. |
They were back in session again
this morning.
Gen. Smith conferred with Gen.
MacArthur for one hour. The
subject was not disclosed. But
the session probably covered the
full range of the Communist cam
paign in Asia. Gen. Smith and
| (See GENERALS, Page A-4.)
Rosenberg Accusers
Nay Face Court Test
By the Associated Press
The Senate Armed Services Com
mittee moved today to test in j
court whether the men who ac- i
cused Mrs. Anna M. Rosenberg of,
being a Communist sympathizer
committed perjury.
The committee, which unani
mously cleared the Assistant Sec
retary of Defense after a 15-day
investigation, ordered the record
of its hearings submitted to the
Department of Justice for study.
An accompanying letter asked
that the department determine
whether there is evidence of per
Ralph De Sola, New York mi
crofilm technician and former
Communist, had testified he saw
Mrs. Rosenberg at Communist
meetings in New York 15 years
ago. Mrs. Rosenberg denied the
charges vigorously.
Benjamin Freedman, retired
New York businessman who had
put Senators in touch with De
Sola, also testified and later asked
permission to alter his testimony.
Use Koch Given Life in Prison
For Role in Buchenwald Deaths
By the Associated Press
AUGSBURG, Germany, Jan. 15.
—Ilse Koch was sentenced to life
imprisonment today for causing!
the murder of Buchehwald con
centration camp prisoners.
The “Red Witch of Buchen
wald,” 44, was convicted of crimes
against Austrian and German
prisoners of the Nazis. The red
haired widow of the camp's war
time Nazi commander was not in
court to hear the verdict.
Mrs. Koch broke into a hyster
ical frenzy in her prison cell last
night. A court doctor testified
she was in no condition to attend
the session today and hear the
It was the second life im
prisonment sentence for Mrs.
Koch. The first, imposed by an
American war crimes court after
the war, had been commuted to
! four years. She was convicted by
the United States court for crimes
j against Allied personnel.
The German court of three
i judges and six jurymen, which
spent seven weeks hearing shock
ing accusations against the red
haired tyrant of the concentration
camp, convicted her specifically
of inciting the murder of one
prisoner, inciting the attempted
murder of another and mciting
serious injury to five others. She
was also convicted of causing
lesser injuries of two inmates. She
was acquitted of personally as
sisting in any killings.
One of the most revolting
charges against her—that she
had tatooed prisoners killed so
she could have lampshades made
of their skin—was dropped by the
prosecution, which said it could
not prove the charge.
U. S. Bans New Starts
On Most Non-Essential
Commercial Building
Licensing Plan Expected
By Feb. 15; Order Hits
Retail Construction
By Francis P. Douglas
The National Production Au
thority today banned construction
of a long list of commercial build
ings for retail sales and services
if they do not contribute to the
defense effort,
i 1 •
By February 15 the agency will
have a licensing arrangement in
operation whereby commercial
construction will be permitted
only if it furthers the defense
program, is essential to public
health, welfare or safety or will
reduce or prevent a hardship to
a particular community.
Before that date commercial
buildings will be authorized only
in emergency cases. The order
would not apply to work already
under way.
NPA said the action was taken
to save scarce and critical ma
terial and manpower for defense
and defense - supporting projects.
It mentioned particularly the in
dustrial plant expansion program
and the building needs of com
munities affected by military and
industrial expansion.
Many Types of Work Curbed.
Types of construction which are
prohibited without NPA au
thorization include facilities for
the sale, display, storage or dis
tribution of consumer goods, in
cluding all retail stores and shop
ping centers: storage warehouses
for personal effects but not when
used by manufacturers or proces
sors, and buildings of these spe
cifically listed classes:
Banks, office and loft buildings,
hotels, motels and tourist camps,
barber and beauty shops, garages,
service stations, laundry and dry
cleaning establishments, shoe re
pair and tailor shops, undertaking
and cemetery buildings, com
munity and neighborhood build
ings. restaurants and printing
The order places no restrictions
on the construction of wholesale
food establishments or wholesale
supply facilities for fuel oil, gaso
line, coal, gas distributing systems
and pipelines.
Order Already in Effect.
In the case of multiple-use
buildings, such as apartment
houses with stores or offices on
the ground floor, authorization
would be required for construction
for the portion of the building in
tended for commercial purposes.
The order is in effect now, being
dated at midnight Saturday. An
earlier draft of the order set the
licensing date as March 1. An
agency official explained, however,
(See CONTROLS, Page A-3.)
Soldier Kicked af Scene
Of Attack on Policeman
A Fort McNair soldier was kicked
in the chest and back by two men
early last night, police reported,
at the corner of Fourth and H
streets N.E., where two days ago
a policeman was attacked in a
The soldier, Donald Buchanan,
18, was treated at Casualty Hos
pital and admitted later to Walter
Reed Hospital with a possible
fractured ankle and shoulder.
Police arrested Thomas A. Han
ger, 18, of the 500 block of H street
N.E. and Robert A. Rowley, 18, of
1100 block of Abbey place N.E.
Both men were charged with as
sault, police said.
Truman Asks Prompt Action
On Dispersal of U. S. Agencies
'Acceleration of Defense Effort' Requires
New Buildings Outside D. C., He Says
By Joseph Young
President Truman today urged
Congress to take prompt action
on legislation to disperse a num
ber of Federal agencies here to
outlying sites in nearby Mary
land and Virginia.
The “acceleration of the defense
effort” requires such action
; promptly, Mr. Truman said in his
budget message.
! The President also told Con
gress that decentralization of
other Federal functions to perma
nent sites in other cities—as dis
tinct from dispersal—would be
undertaken “only in those in
stances where the functions in
volved can be permanently located
at further distances without sig
nificant loss of efficiency."
Regarding the dispersal plari to j
construct new Federal buildings in
areas 15 to 20 miles outside the
District, the President said the
increased number of Government
employes as a result of the na
tional emergency program makes
such action necessary.
"From the viewpoint of security
(he new buildings should not be
located in the central area of the
District of Columbia but should be
located within commuting dis
tance and sufficiently removed
from each other to assure con
tinuity of operations in event of
air attack,” the President added.
Mr. Truman also said that “long
range planning goals for the Capi
tal area also call for dispersal of
Government buildings.
The President asked for similar
action in letters to the.House and
Senate Public Works Committees
about four months ago. but Con
gress adjourned before action
could be taken. Similar legisla
tion has been introduced in the
new Congress.
The budget recommends a $190
million appropriation for the dis
persal plan, which would involve
30.000 to 35.000 employes.
High Court Throws Out
Wisconsin Milk Ban
Much Like D. C. Rule
Invalidates Ordinance
Requiring Processing
Within 5 Miles of City
In a milk inspection case involv
ing questions raised over shipment
of milk into the District, the Su
preme Court today struck down a
Madison (Wis.) ordinance ban
ning sale of milk not pasteurized
within five miles of that city..
The Wisconsin case has aroused
great interest in this area because
a similar situation is in existence
here although the circumstances
of inspection requirements are not
the same.
An eight-year-old emergency
provision permitted importation of
outside milk into the District from
farms not inspected by District
The Commissioners recently
were asked to extend this provi
! sion but they refused to do so.
Bitter Fight Here.
Instead, they decreed that all
milk imported for consumption
within the District must come
from farms inspected by the staff
of the District Health Depart
ment. However, a small quantity
of milk not inspected by Dis
trict authorities is being procesed
by some Washington dairies for
the use of the armed forces.
The Commissioners’ action pre
cipitated a bitter fight with sev
eral independent dairies who
wanted the emergency provision
The Supreme Court, in a 6-3
opinion written by Justice Clark,
reversed Wisconsin court rulings
that upheld the Madison ban. The
majority opinion held that the
regulation ran contrary to the
principle that “one State, in its
dealings with another, may not
place itself in a position of eco
nomic isolation.”
Black Writes Dissent.
A dissenting opinion by Justice
Black, in which Justices Douglas
and Minton concurred, took ex
ception to the majority opinion
which invalidated the Madison
ordinance on the grounds that it
excluded milk from Illinois, and
imposed a discriminatory burden
on interstate commerce.
The dissent contended that
(See MILK, Page A-5.)
Holober Gets New Trial
In Murder of Wife,
Live Burial of Baby
Circuit Judge's Actions
Were Prejudicial,
Appeals Court Holds
The Virginia Supreme Court of
Appeals today reversed the death
sentence conviction of Charles
Francis Holober, 42, former Wash
ington cab driver who admitted
slaying his wife and burying their
baby alive at an abandoned nudist
camp in Fairfax County.
The Court of Appeals ordered
a new trial for Holober with a
unanimous opinion that Fairfax
Circuit Court Judge Paul E.
Brown “took a more active part
in the examination of witnesses
than was proper,” the Associated
Press reported from Richmond,
Holober was convicted a year
ago of murdering his expectant
wife. He has never stood trial
on the charge of murdering the
8-month-old infant. The killings
took place in February, 1949,
near Pender, Va.
Holober, who formerly lived in
(See HOLOBER. Page A-5.>
$71.5 Billion Budget
Is Given to Congress;
$136 Million for D. C.
__ ♦
Truman Declares
$16.4 Billion Tax
Boost Is Needed
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today asked
Congress to approve a spending
budget of more than $71.5 billion;
for the 1952 fiscal year starting
July 1, “to meet and overcome
the barbaric threat of commu
He said that sound policy would
require a tax increase of more
More Than 50% of Defense Budget to Go
for Arms. Page A-71
Leaders of Congress Bock Poy-as-You
Go Military Financing. Poge A-7
Other Stories on the National and District
Budgets Appear on Page A-6.
than $16.4 billion. However, at
a press seminar before the annual
message went to Capitol Hill, the
President explained that this did
not necessarily reflect the size of
the tax increase to be sought and
that it might go as high as $20
billion under the “pay-as-we-go” |
principle of financing the defense
The President hopes to h^ve the
exact figures ready when the House
Ways and Means Committee starts
hearings on the new tax legisla
tion February 8. Mr. Truman
wants the new imposts made
effective as soon as possible—pre
ferably retroactive to January 1.
$8 Billion Already Voted.
Congress already has voted $8
billion in new taxes since the out
break in Korea, to raise the take
to more than $55.1 billion annually j
—a new high.
The major items in the budget,
naturally, are $41.4 billion for mil
itary services and $7.4 billion for
j international security and foreign
! relations, the total running to 69
per cent of the over-all request.
This nearly doubles current year
I spending estimates.
But even at that, the President
stressed that figures for both
categories “may be subject to sub
stantial adjustment as the defense
program progresses.”
Along with the contemplated j
outlay. Mr. Truman asked for
contractual authority for the free
world defense approximating $72
billion, for which the actual
spending could be spread over
succeeding years.
Europe’s Responsibility.
Significantly, in view of criti
cism that Europe is lagging in the
preparedness efforts, the President
declared that the aid recom-1
mended for the Western nations i
“will be conditioned on their j
carrying out their full responsi-!
bilities for building the defensive
strength of the North Atlantic
Treaty community.”
The President continued to
count on an active armed-force
strength of 3.5 million in this
Truman Sees Work
On White House
Finished by Nov. 7
President Truman today
predicted that renovation
work at White House would
be completed by November 1.
This is the latest estimate
for finishing the big recon- j
struction job on the executive
Total cost, the President
said in his budget message to
Congress, will be about $5,
country by mid-1952. with “our
troops supplied with the best
weapons in the world.”
The budget assigned more than
$23.1 billion for all the rest of
home front activities, which rep- j
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 4.) i
Woman Dies Under Train Here
After 2 Unsuccessful Attempts
i Twice thwarted in attempts to
I die under the wheels of a pas
senger train, Mrs. Natalie A.
Warner of 1933 S street N.W. suc
ceeded on the third try today.
She was injured fatally under
the Monroe street bridge In
Northeast Washington at 11:14
a.m., after witnesses had seen her
staggering along the track.
Her first brush with death came
when the southbound Cumberland
to Baltimore steam locomotive
stopped at the Seventh street and
Michigan avenue N.E. station.
Kenneth V. Robbinet of 1501
North Capitol street said he saw
the woman standing on the tracks
in front of the station and led
her out of harm’s way.
He talked to her by the Mich
igan street bridge, then saw her
stagger southward toward the
Monroe street bridge, Mr, Rob
binet said.
Meanwhile, the train pulled out, |
and midway between the bridges |
the engineer, C. F. Snyder of!
Shenandoah Junction, W. Va., saw
the woman again totter onto the
“I stopped in time to prevent
hitting her,” Mr. Snyder said,
“and waited until she again
moved off the tracks and started
walking south again.”
Mrs. Warner apparently moved
out of sight and under the Mon
roe Street Bridge, where she made
her third and successful bid for
death. One wheel of the locomo
tive’s front, or pony truck, ran
over her at the waist and she
was pronounced dead at Gallinger
At the S street address where
Mrs. Warner roomed, another
tenant said it was assumed Mrs.
Warner was a widow. It also was
relieved she was unemployed, a
supposition borne out by a num
ber of clipped classified advertise
ments found in the dead woman’s
purse. i
No Tax Revisions
Sought Here; U. S.
Share Is $12 Million
By Don S. Warren
A record - breaking District
budget of $136,778,600 for the
1952 fiscal year, beginning July
1, was placed before Congress
today by President Truman.
It is balanced in all funds.
This is due primarily to surpluses
Truman Asks $25,000 to Plon Flood Con
trol in Anocostia River. Page B-1
expected at the end of this year
i and to a Treasury loan of $3.9
million for expansion of the Cap
ital’s water supply.
This is a second installment
on a program for water system
expansion for which the city is
authorized to borrow up to $23
million. The total cost is expected
to exceed $67 million.
No changes in District taxes
were recommended, but the
budget plan calls for a full $12
million payment as the Federal
share of District costs since this
is in keeping with present law.
Payment Reduced.
For the present fiscal year
Congress reduced its payment
to $10.8 million because of a
showing that the city would
enjoy a surplus on June 30.
The proposed new spending
program is $16.7 million above
appropriations so far made for
the present year, but the Com
missioners held the budget to
this figure only after slashing
more than $17 million from the
requests of their departments.
I In his general budget message,
Mr. Truman renewed his request
for continuation of Federal rent
j controls in the light of the de
fense program. No funds are in
cluded in the District budget for
this purpose, however, since Con
gress has not yet acted on exten
' sion of the District’s separate
control plan beyond March 31.
Likewise, the budget carries no
fund for development of the Dis
trict's civil defense program, but
District officials are earmarking
$2.5 million for calculated sup
plemental needs and $1 million
of this is set aside for civil de
Spread Over Wide Range.
Much of the increase in the
District budget is spread over a
wide range of departments.
Among its highlights are pro
visions for:
Beginning of a new Industrial
Home School at Laurel. Md., on
land already acquired for a chil
dren’s welfare center there.
Starting construction of the
East Capitol Street Bridge over
the Anacostia River: an overpass
at New York and South Dakota
avenues N.E. and an underpass
at Benning road and Kenilworth
avenue N.E. The latter two are
related to development of the new
Washington - Baltimore freeway,
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.)
500.C-J More Jobs
To Be Opened by U. S.
The Government plans to in
crease the number of its civilian
employes by 5Q0.000 during the
next 17 months, Budget Bureau
officials disclosed today.
The $71 billion budget request
sent to Congress today by Presi
dent Truman would provide for
12.6 million Federal jobs by June
: 30, 1952. budget officials said.
Present plans call for a total of
2.3 million Government workers
by next June 30. Present Federal
employment is about 2.1 million.
The anticipated 500.000 in
crease in employment would mean
about 50,000 new Government
jobs in Washington.
Most of the new jobs will be in
the defense agencies and the
various economic control bureaus.
Peak Federal employment dur
ing World War II was 3.7 million
in June, 1945.
Featured Reading
Inside Today's Star
citing new Western adventure strips
based on O. Henry's famous character,
the "Cisco Kid," starts today in The
Star's daily comics section. Get ac
quainted with "Cisco" now by turning
to Page B-14.
to Bladensburg recalls the fateful de
feat of 1814 but Star Staff Reporter
George Kennedy also notes the new
surge of building in his story on the
historic Washington suburb on Page
—Former Undersecretary of State
Sumner Welles describes President
Roosevelt's role in planning for a future
international organization in the second
of two articles on Page A-14.

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