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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 16, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny, windy, high 44 today. Clear
tonight, low 28 in city, 24 in suburbs.
Tomorrow some cloudiness. (Full report on
Page A-2.)
Midnight, 39 6 a.m. -—36 11 a.m_37
( 2 a.m. ..-39 8 a.m. —37 Noon_38
j 4 a.m. __-38 10 a.m. —.36 1 p.m. ___39
Lote New York Morkets, Page A-17.
Guide for Readers
hn
Amusements „'B-8
Classified ..B-ll-16
Comics_B-18-19
Crossword_B-18
Editorial_A-8
Edit*! Articlest__A-9
rut
Finance -A-17
Obituary -A-10
Radio _B-17
Sports-A-13-15
Woman’s
Section_B-3-6
An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 16. Phone ST. 5000 **
5 WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1951—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES.
Kora* Deliver?. Monthly Ratee: Evening and Sunday. $1.60: K fn''MTQ
Evening only. $1.10; Sunday only, 46c; Night Final. 10c Additional. a O
• i
Allies Withdraw From Suwon
After Driving Enemy Out of
City 17 Miles South of Seoul
U. N. Forces Give Up
Wonju Salient to
Shorten Front
By the Associated Preu
. TOKYO, Wednesday, Jan. 17.
•—An Allied combat team, led by
Banks, drove into the Communist
held town of Suwon, 17 air miles
south of Seoul Tuesday, then
withdrew after dark to defensive
positions.
It was the fourth and largest
objective cracked by the 8 th
Hursey, Ex-Champion of District, Missing
in Korean Action. Page A-3
It's a Close Shave for 2d Division; General
Says Beards Must Go. Page A-6
Army’s reconnaissance in force in
the Western sector ot the Korean
front.
A spokesman in the field ex
plained that it is the usual prac
tice on reconnaissance missions of
this type to probe enemy positions,
determine their strength, gather
as much information as possible
and then withdraw.
Planes Report Entry.
• An Associated Press field dis
Patch said three separate light
plane observers first confirmed the
Allied entrance into Suwon. The
drive into the old walled town be
gan at 2 p.m. today (Monday mid
night, EST).
The Allied force routed about
100 Red troops in Suwon. The
bulk of the Communist garrison
had fled yesterday under fierce
Allied bombing and strafing at
tacks. Hundreds of Reds were
machine-gunned on the road run
ning north to Seoul.
The Allied Western drive began
yesterday south of Osan.
On the central front, Allied
forces pulled out of the Wonju
wedge where for 16 days they had
held off massed Red Korean at
tacks.
The United States 8th Army
announced the central front pull
back to the defensive line set up
after the retreat from Seoul.
American, French and Dutch'
troops rode southward through j
breath-taking mountain passes,!
along sheer cliffs and around
hairpin turns.
Planes Cover Withdrawal.
Artillery barrages and punish
ing air strikes covered the with
drawal. Villages flamed.
Censorship prevented locating
the new line. The communique
laid only:
“This redeployment will usher
In a new phase” of the Sobaek
Mountains battle. “The United
Nations line has been straight
ened and shortened.”
Censors now prohibit mention
of any units smaller than the
whole United States 8th Army and
6th Air Force. This was another
day-to-day change which the cen
sors say results from changing
military conditions.
(Dispatches received and pub
lished Monday before the new
est clamp-down identified the
Wonju holding force as the
United States 2d Division and
the attacking force south of
Suwon as the 3d Infantry Divi
sion. The 2d Division included
French, Dutch and South Ko
rean troops as well as Ameri
cans. The 3d Division, which
was evacuated by sea in Decem
ber from Hungnam in Northeast
Korea, included at that time
Puerto Rican and American
mainland troops.)
Three Towns Taken Yesterday.
The Western force yesterday re
captured three towns—Osan,
Kamyangjang and Chon. Osan,
28 air miles south of Seoul, was
the place where the first American
soldier of the Korean war was
killed last July. Kamyangjang is
10 miles northeast of Chon and is
3 miles south of there.
There was no indication that
the Western force was planning to
go all the way to Seoul. Three
Red armies lay in its path. Asso
ciated Press War Correspondent
Don Huth said the Chinese 40th,
38th and 50th Armies—at full
strength about 120,000 troops—
were massed south of the Han
River near Seoul.
American airmen spotted 5,000
Red troops concentrated southeast
(See KOREA, Page A-6.)
Sergeant, 16, Sent
Home, Too Young
To Fight in Korea
By the Associated Press
WITH THE UNITED STATES
25th INFANTRY DIVISION, Ko
rea, Jan. 16.—The Army is send
ing Sergt. James E. Ward, of
Greensboro, N. C., home from Ko
rea because it has learned the
sergeant is only 16 years old.
The 6-foot-2-inch. 190-pound
veteran enlisted at 14.
Serving with the 27th “Wolf
hound” Regiment of the 25th Di
vision, Sergt. Ward has been in
the front lines almost continuously
throughout six months of the
Korean campaign.
When notified he was to be dis
charged, Sergt. Ward asked. “Do
I have any choice in the matter?”
He was told he did hot. He then
picked up his rifle and started
for the jeep taking him on his
last trip down a Korean road.
-a
Wherry Plan to Curb Troop Use
Due for Senate Vote Next Week
McFarland to Propose Further Study;
Democrats Drafting Counterproposal
By J. A. O'Leary
The Senate today agreed to
vote next Tuesday on the Wherry
resolution to put the Senate on
record against sending American
troops to Western Europe until
Congress formulates a definite
i policy on the issue.
! Majority Leader McFarland,
who obtained the agreement,
plans to offer a substitute motion
that day to send the Wherry res
jolution to a committee for study.
Meanwhile, the Senate Demo
cratic Policy Committee may dis
cuss this afternoon the advisa
bility of drawing up a Democratic
proposal under which the sending
of troops would be approved by
the Senate or by Congress.
Under the agreement, voting
would start at 3 p.m. January 23
on all substitute motions.
Earlier, Chairman Connally of
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee said the Senate should
await the return of Gen^ Eisen
hower from his inspection tour of
Western Europe before taking any
action on the question of Amer
ican troop commitments to that
area.
As the foreign policy debate
went on today, Senator Wherry
charged President Truman would
be usurping congressional au
thority if he sent foot soldiers to
become part of an international
army in Europe without action
by Congress.
G. O. P. Position Strengthened.
In New York last night Chair
man Taft, of the Senate Republi
can Policy Committee, said the
question should be submitted to
Congress “unless we are prepared
(See FOREIGN POLICY, A-3.)
'Don't Tie Our Hands'

On Teen-Agers' Duty,
Is Plea of Pentagon
Mrs. Rosenberg Gives
Senate Unit Reply of
Marshall to Query
By George Beveridge
The Defense Department today
asked Congress not to “tie our
hands” by banning overseas duty
by 18-year-olds in the event
youths of that age are drafted.
Assistant Defense Secretary
Anna M. Rosenberg told the Sen
I ate Preparedness Subcommitte
| this is Gen. Marshall's reply to a
flat question as to whether the
department would agree not to use
draftees overseas before the age
of 19.
She stressed that “no decision”
has been reached on the specific
question. Gen. Marshall, she said,
advised her to “comply” with sen
timents of the committee when
ever possible,” but that he would
“deeply appreciate it if his hands
would not be tied in this matter.”
Johnson Presses Question.
Chairman Lyndon Johnson,
Democrat, of Texas, then said he
wanted to know specifically from
Gen. Marshall why thq limitation
would handicap the department
and how many 18-year-olds would
be sent overseas if no limitation
were imposed.
Mrs. Rosenberg had quoted
from a wartime report of Gen.
Marshall while he was Army Chief
of Staff, which pointed out that
the Army was “advertising” over
seas troop movements by having
to take youths out of units before
shipment.
The Pentagon manpower chief
also told the committee that Con
gress will receive an “extra haz
ard” bill tomorrow to provide
additional pay for men in combat.
Another official told a reporter
this provides an extra $100 a
month for officers and $50 for
enlisted men who serve in speci
fied combat zones.
Sharp Criticism Launched.
She drew sharp criticism from
Senator Johnson when she said
the Pentagon will not be able to
submit its main manpower bill
“until tomorrow night or Thurs
i day morning.” This measure will
request a 27-month draft for
! training and service of 18-year
olds as well as extension of serv
ice for other draftees from 21
i to 27 months.
Mrs. Rosenberg devoted most
of her testimony to a defense of
j (See MANPOWER, Page A-6.)
Caldwell Is Confirmed
As Civil Defense Chief
| The Senate today confirmed
President Truman's appointment
of former Gov. Millard F. Caldwell
of Florida as Federal civil defense
administrator.
!
Retailers Ask Controls
On Materials Before
Curbing Their Prices
Valentine and Di Salle
Study Plan to Freeze
Percentage Markups
By Francis P. Douglas
The Economic Stabilization
Agency today was studying re
tailers’ recommendations that no
price controls be imposed on con
sumer goods until prices of raw
materials and manufacturers'
prices are controled.
The retailers also urged that
controls on what they sell be in
the form of a freeze of their per
centage markup rather than the
actual price.
These recommendations were
placed before Alan Valentine. ESA
administrator, and Michael V
Di Salle, price stabilization direc
■1 1
Bomb Shelter Work
Held Up by Query,
'Is This Essential?
•y th« Associated Press
LOS ANGELES, Jan. 16.—
Construction of the $5 million
underground bomb shelter
and garage in Pershing
Square has been delayed by a
Federal order halting non
essential building.
Ground- breaking cere
monies had been scheduled
for tomorrow but officials said
they would first seek ex
emption of the project on
the grounds of public safety.
tor, by a committee representing
50 retail trade organizations. The
committee met yesterday with the
ESA officials in a closed session
at the Hotel Statler.
Lengthy Rollback Opposed.
The committee asserted that
higher prices for raw materials
and advancing labor costs repre
sent the chief inflationary pres
sures.
“The experience of the last war
demonstrated such pressures can
not be controlled by price ceilings
primarily or solely effective at
the retail level,” the committee
said. “We wish to reaffirm the
general position of the retail in
dustry that price control is feasi
ble only if the costs of basic ma
terials and labor are controlled.”
The retailers also opposed any
rollback of prices more than 30
days from the date of a control
order.
Two Appointments Announced.
Meanwhile, two appointments
were announced by the top con
trol agency, the Office of Defense
Mobilization.
Col. Alfred E. Howse, U. S. A. F.,
retired, and W. Howard Chase
(See CONTROLS. Page A-5.)
Vandenberg Pilots Helicopter
Into Korean Front-Line Post
By me Associated Press
AN ALLIED OUTPOST IN KO
REA, Jan. 16.—Gen. Hoyt S. Van
denberg, United States Air Force
chief of staff, piloted a helicopter
down through the jagged hills
ringing this Central Korean front
line post today.
With him were Lt. Gen. George
E. Stratemeyer, commander of
Far East Air Forces and Maj. Gen.
Truman H. Landon, chief of the
Air Force training program.
On their inspection tour, Gen.
Vandenberg in particular, wanted
to see at first hand the damage
inflicted by fighters and bombers
giving close support to U. N. front
line troops.
Before landing, Gen. Vanden
berg had taken a good look from
the helicopter and what he had
seen produced this comment; “The
■V
Allied bombing, napaiming, straf
ing and rocket attacks appeared to
have been very effective.”
Gen. Vandenberg also had high
praise for the United States jet
fighters in Korea.
‘‘The jet is rugged,” he said. "It
can absorb half again as much
damage from ground or aerial fire
as the propeller plane and still
get back home. Moreover, the jet
provides a far better firing plat
form—smoother and thus more
accurate.”
The commander of the United
Nations force being visited by the
generals told them his troops
were carrying out patrols to re
establish contact with the enemy.
The weather relaxed its tight
grip briefly today. The sun peeped
through clouds long enough to
turn foxholes into mud pits.
"tr*
Byrnes Favors
Sending Troops
To Europe
Urges Quitting Korea
Unless U. N. Brands
Red China Aggresor
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 16.—
James F. Byrnes, former Secre
tary of State who was inaugurated
Governor of South Carolina today,
recommended in his inaugural ad
dress:
1. That Congress approve the
sending of American troops to
j Europe when Gen. Eisenhower,
'supreme commander of the North
Atlantic Treaty nations’ forces,
makes his recommendations.
2. That American forces be
withdrawn from Korea unless the
United Nations promptly declares
China an aggressor, authorizes
air attacks on enemy supply bases,
and joins in a blockade of China.
Urges National Unity.
Strongly urging national unity,
the new Governor, a critic of the
Truman Fair Deal, declared that
“in the defense of our common lib
erty, there is no place for political
partisanship. At the water’s edge,
let us stand together. A united
America is civilization’s last
chance of survival. A divided
America is the greatest temptation
I to Soviet conquest.”
In the throng which gathered to
witness the inauguration were
Gov. Talmadge of Georgia, Gov.
Scott of North Carolina, a number
of former Senatorial colleagues,
members of the House and men
prominent in many walks of life,
among them Bernard M. Baruch
adviser of presidents and a long
time friend of Gov. Byrnes.
The Byrnes address had been
awaited with keen interest. As
Governor of South Carolina
“Jimmy” Byrnes, as he is known
to the people of this State, will
have, it is expected, an important
voice in the South during the
coming two years, and probably
at the next Democratic National
Convention.
Held High Offices.
He has said he has no personal
ambition to run for either Presi
dent or Vice President on any
ticket. At the age of 71. he has'
held more high offices in the
three branches of the Federal Gov
ernment than any other person—
Representative, Senator, Associ
ate Justice of the Supreme Court,
assistant president and Secretary
of State. The bitter break be
tween him and President Truman
may make him a leader in opposi
tion to a renomination of Mr.
Truman in 1952.
One-half of Gov. Byrnes’ address
was devoted to State affairs. He
took a firm stand in favor of equal
educational facilities for Negroes
and whites—but an equally firm
stand for racial segregation in
schools.
He announced he intended to
recommend to the State Legisla
ture the enactment of a law strik
ing at the Ku Klux Klan, pro
hibiting persons over 16 years of
age on the streets or highways
while masked, and prohibiting
such persons entering a man’s
house to threaten or intimidate
him.
"There can be but one Governor,
elected by the people, whose duty
it is to see that the law is en
forced. I am going to be that
Governor,” he declared.
Doesn’t Need Help.
“I do not need the assistance of
the Ku Klux Klan, nor do I want
interference by the National As
sociation for the Advancement of
Colored People.”
In his discussion of the inter
national situation and the foreign
policy of this country, Gov. Byrnes
took note of the debate which has
been raging in Congress and
throughout the country over the
administration’s proposals to send
additional soldiers to Europe. He
ranged himself firmly on the side
of aiding in the defense of Europe
against attack by Communists.
“The argument that additional
troops should not be sent to Eu
rope cannot be ignored,” Gov
Byrnes said. "It cannot be an
swered by the statement that we
must comply with our obligations.
The Atlantic Treaty and the
United Nations do not require us
to act except in case of aggres
sion. But there is a requirement
more urgent than these—the re
quirement of self-defense.
Can’t Affora to Wait.
“If we wait until the Soviet
troops invade Western Europe it
will be too late for us to send
any army to Europe to be inte
grated with an army of Western
Europe under the command of
Gen. Eisenhower.
“The people of America have
confidence in the intelligence and
integrity of Gen. Eisenhower. If
(Continued on Page A-4, Col. I.)
Income Tax Booklets
On Sale at The Star
Due to heavy public demand an ad
ditional supply of the 1950 editions of
; “Your Federal Income Tax" is now
available at the business counter in
The Star lobby at 25 cents per copy.
The 138-page booklet, published by
the Government Printing Office, in
cludes the importapt changes in the
Federal income tax law recently en
acted as well as the older provisions
still m affect.
Six B-36s Land in British Isles
After Secret Hop From Texas
24-Hour Trip Is Made With One Stop;
Craft Are First to Arrive in England
ly the Associated Press
LONDON. Jan. 16.—Six of
America’s biggest bombers—B-36s
which can tote an atom bomb
10,000 miles—thundered out of
the Atlantic mists today and
landed in England for the first
time.
They arrived singly at Laken
heath Airdrome. 70 miles north
east of here, after a one-stop
flight of about 7.000 miles from
Carswell Air Force Base at Fort
Worth, Tex., starting last Satur
day.
The 400-mile per hour air Go
liaths, powered by six regular and
four jet engines, flew the Atlantic
after pausing at Limestone Air
Force Base in Maine. Actual fly
ing time was about 24 hours.
They dropped some practice
bombs en route, the Air Force re
ported, without saying where.
The flight was part of the pro
gram for teaching navigation and
fuel consumption techniques to
the crews, an Air Force spokes
man said. The planes and crews
are scheduled to return home this
week end.
However, there have been ru
mors that B-36s would be sta
tioned in England because of the
worsening world situation. Laken
heath Field has been used by the
United States 3d Air Division
since 1948 as m base for M-29
(See BOMBERS. Page A-6.)
Remington Witness
Cross-Examined on
Argentine Speech
'Generalissimo Truman'
Reference Was Taken Out
Of Context, He Says
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. Jan. 16.—Paris
Correspondent Bernard S. Red
mont was cross-examined by the
Government today about a 1946
speech in which he was quoted
by an Argentine newspaper as re
ferring to “Generalissimo Tru
man” and “Foreign Commissar
Byrnes.”
Mr. Redmont, a defense witness
in the perjury trial of William A
Remington, former Commerce De
partment economist, insisted the
newspaper report was inaccurate,
with remarks being taken out of
context.
The article also had said that
Mr. Redmont suggested to his
audience that it look at the in
ternational situation from a Rus
sian point of view.
Mr. Redmont, a correspondent
for United States News and World
Report, testified yesterday for
Remington, who is accused of
lying in denying he ever was a
Communist.
Asked About Meeting.
Mr. Redmont said he did not
believe Remington ever was a
Communist and added that he
himself was not a Communist.
United States Attorney Irving
H. Saypol also cross-examined Mr.
Redmont on another meeting in
Buenos Aires in 1946, a closed
session addressed by the then
United States Ambassador George
S. Messersmith.
Mr. Saypol asked Redmont
whether his report of the meeting,
(See REMINGTON, Page A-6.)
6% Freight Rate Boost
Asked by Railroads
By the Associated Press
The railroad industry today for
mally asked the Interstate Com
merce Commission for a new gen
eral 6 per cent increase in
freight rates.
The increase, if granted, would
be the ninth such increase since
World War II. The boosts have
thus far raised the rail freight
rates by about 57 per cent over
the 1946 levels.
All of the major railroads
joined in the petition.
The companies notified the
commission that they will come
in before the end of this week
with a motion to make the new
increase immediately effective on
an emergency basis.
The 6 per cent increase would
apply to all commodities, with six
exceptions, for which specific ceil
ings were requested.
Lindbergh Law Count
To Be Placed Against
Captured Desperado
Suspected Killer of Eight
Says He Can't Remember
Anything After Spree
Sy th« Associated Press
SAN DIEGO, Calif., Jan. 16.—
Desperado William E. Cook, sus
pected killer of eight persons,
huddled ill and meek in jail here
today as authorities prepared to
press Lindbergh law kidnaping
charges against him
Almost simultaneous with the
announcement of the ex-convict’s
Group Photogroph of Kin Put Officers on
Troil of Cook. Page A-5
capture in Mexico came word yes
terday that the bodies of all five
members of the Carl Mosser fam
ily of Atwood, 111., whom he is
charged with murdering, had been
found near Cook’s home town of
Joplin, Mo.
Discovered in water in an unused
mine shaft were the bodies of
Mosser, 33; his wife Thelma, 29:
Ronald Dean, 7; Cary Carl, 5, and
Pamela Sue, 3. All had been shot,
the parents and older boy having
been bound and gagged first.
Blood-Soaked Car Found.
They were last seen alive with
Cook about two weeks ago. The
finding of their blood-soaked auto
near Tulsa, Okla., January 3
touched off an exhaustive search
for them and the 23-year-old bad
man. The Mossers had left their
home December 29 to drive to
Albuquerque, N. Mex., to visit rela
tives.
Cook was flown here yesterday
and arraigned on Federal charges
of kidnapping. He also is charged
with fleeing to avoid prosecution
on a charge of murdering Robert
E. Dewey, 33, Seattle salesman,
near Blythe, Calif., January 6, and
flight to avoid prosecution on
Oklahoma robbery charges. A
hearing was set for January 29.
The Lindbergh law carries the
death penalty if the kidnaped per
(See COOK, Page A-5.)
Byrd Demands Slash
Of $7 Billion in Budget
Proposed by Truman
Calls $71 Billion Request
'Very Height of Fiscal
Irresponsibility'
By Cecil Holland
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of
Virginia today described Presi
dent Truman’s $71,594,000,000
budget as ‘‘the very height of
fiscal irresponsibility” and said
Congress should reduce it by
$7 billion.
His outspoken comment led a
generally critical appraisal of the'
Bates Says His Group Will Seek Economies
in Record D. C Budget. Page A-3
record peacetime budget Mr.
Truman submitted to Congress
yesterday calling for a 30 per cent
increase in taxes to finance the
country’s rearmament program
on a pay-as-you-go basis.
Republican leaders said the
budget represented “spending as
.usual” and a powerful coalition
of Republicans and Southern
Democrats charged that Mr. Tru
man was attempting to continue
his “Fair Deal” program under
the guise of defense spending.
Could Balance Budget.
Senator Byrd, foe of many of the
administration’s spending policies,
proposed a $4 billion reduction in
non-defense functions of the Gov
ernment and a $3 billion cut in
economic aid to Europe.
He added this would make a
balanced budget possible by rais
ing $9.5 billion in new taxes in
stead of the $16 billion suggested
by the President’s new budget.
Senator Byrd emphasized the
prevailing feeling that Congress
would provide all the money
needed for defense. But he noted
that President Truman proposed
to increase non-defense spending
to the highest level in history, and
added:
“In my experience of 18 years,
considering the perils that con
front our Nation, this (budget)
message represents the very height
of fiscal irresponsibility. The Pres
ident renews his advocacy of the
socialistic measures known as the
Fair Deal.”
“Wasteful” Spending Charged.
Senator Byrd said the President
proposed a tax increase of from
$16 to $20 billion and “to continue
(See BUDGET, Page A-3.)
Man, Found Unconscious
After Scuffle, Dies
Joseph M. Marks, jr„ 38, of 1605
Brentwood Road N.E., died in Gal
linger Hospital this morning five
hours after he was found uncon
scious on the sidewalk in the 1500
block of Rhode Island avenue N.E.
Detective Sergeant Robert Tal
bot said witnesses told him Mr.
Marks had been scuffling with an
unidentified man before he col
lapsed. Mr. Marks did not regain
consciousness after he was thrown
to the sidewalk. The other man
disappeared before police arrived.
Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald
ordered an autopsy today.
'Pentagon Screwball' Blamed
By Judge for Car Tag Mixup
Arlington County will not recog
nize red windshield stickers issued
at the Pentagon to exempt mili
tary personnel from buying county
auto tags.
County Court Judge Hugh Reid
said “a Pentagon screwball” had
issued a “long-winded” directive
regarding use of the stickers “that
doesn’t even mention the local
license.”
His remarks were made during
the trial of Air Force Sergt. Na
thaniel K. V. Marciel. 2157 South
Fern street, who said he is sta
tioned at the Pentagon.
Sergt. Marciel told Judge Reid
he was handed the red sticker
and told he did not have to buy
a county tag. After he received
a summons he bought the local
license. Judge Reid imposed no
penalty.
Assistant Commonwealth’s At
torney Edward Poole said that
Pentagon officials had conferred
with his office, but the judge said
‘that the “only way this ordinance
will work is for the county to
issue its own exemption tags.”
Mr. Poole said such a practice had
been discontinued at the request
of the county treasurer’s office.
ICC Authorizes
Higher Fares to
Pentagon Area
Virginia Rate Rises
From 10 to 15 Cents,
Joint Up 16 to 23
Increases of from 44 to 50 per
cent in bus fares between Wash
ington and Government installa
tions in Arlington were author
ized today by the Interstate Com
merce Commission.
Raises would be permitted for
rates involving transfers between
the Capital Transit Co. and two
Virginia bus lines.
A raise from 16 to 23 cents—
almost 44 per cent—would be
permitted in rates involving trans
fers. Fares would be sold only
in the from of ticket books, good
for 60 days, at the rate of $2.76
for 12 one-way trips.
One-way rates on the Virginia
lines can be increased 50 per cent
from 10 to 15 cents cash or 13 Vi
cents for tokens (three for 40
cents).
10 Days’ Notice Required.
The increases may be put into
effect upon 10 days’ notice to the
travelling public, the ICC ruled.
Virginia buslines involved are
the Washington, Virginia & Mary
land Coach Co. (Arnold Line), and
the Alexandria, Barcroft & Wash
ington Transit Co.
Government installations in
volved are the Pentagon, the
Navy’s Arlington Annex, the Air
Force Annex and Washington Na
tional Airport.
E. C. Giddings, vice president
of Capital Transit, said he learned
of the order only this morning and
was not prepared to say when the
prescribed notice to the public
would be given. He said that he
believed simultaneous notice
would have to be given by Capital
Transit and the Virginia bus lines.
Officials at the Virginia lines were
not available for comment imme
diately.
Both Virginia buslines recently
had been awarded increased rates
in their operations between
Washington and other suburban
points outside of the Government
! installations. The two companies
i serve Arlington and Fairfax Coun
i ties and the City of Alexandria.
The order represents a defeat
I for Capital Transit Co., which op
posed increases at recent hear
! ings.
Need for Additional Revenues.
The ICC order was based on
findings that the Virginia lines
are in need of additional revenues
and that the joint fares with Cap
ital Transit are "less than reason
able” in view of advancing ope
rating costs.
Under the new order the joint
23-cent fare would be divided, 12
cents to the Virginia busline and
II cents to Capital Transit. The
total is 1 cent higher than an ICC
examiner had recommended after
hearings were held.
At present the Virginia lines
get 9 cents and Capital Transit
7 cenjts under a transfer arrange
ment.
Four members of the 11-man
ICC expressed some form of dis
sent in the case.
Chairman Walter M. W. Splawn
and Commissioner James K.
Knudson objected to any increase
in joint fares “in the absence of
a strong showing of improved
service.”
“Moreover,” they said, “there
seems ... to be a basic shortcom
ing in a fare situation which sets
up what amounts to a ‘hump’
simply because the transportation
extends a short distance beyond
the District of Columbia into Vir
ginia over Potomac River bridges.
Compared With D. C. Fares.
“The point is emphasized by
comparison of mileages that can
be traveled within the District of
Columbia on a basic 15-cent fare.
This latter fare, it should be noted,
allows free transfers from street
car to bus and from bus to
streetcar for a trip within the Dis
trict of Columbia but, for a trip to
or from Government buildings that
happen to be located in what was
once a* part of the District of Co
lumbia, but which now are just
beyond the District of Columbia
line, the arrangement herein ap
proved by the majority imposes a
special ticket arrangement and
substantially higher fares.”
Commissioner William J. Pat
terson said, “I agree with the
majority to the extent they au
thorize increases in fares of the
Virginia lines. However, I am of
the opinion that the joint fare
. . . should be discontinued.”
Commissioner Richard P.
Mitchell said, “I concur in the
allowed increases in the fares, but
am opposed to prescribing joint
fares and schedules because the
Capital Transit Co. has no phy
sical operations in Virginia and
on this account should not be re
quired to enter into a joint fare
arrangement.”
How Close to Ideal
Is D. C. School Board?
How does the District Board of Edu
cation stack up against the National
Education Association's standards of the
ideal school board? At a time when
controversy is rocking the District's
School Board, Coit Hendley, jr., analyzet
the board in the light of an NEA study
on Page B-1. j

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