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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 05, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny today, high 45. Fair tonight,
low 28 in city, 24 in suburbs. Tomorrow
some cloudiness, moderate temperature.
(Full report on Page A-2.)
Midnight-_30 6 a.m.. 30 li a.m. -.37
2 a.m. __ 30 8a.m.__29 Noon _.38
4 a.m. ..30 10 a.m. _ 35 1 p.m. __40
Lote New York Markets, Page A-17.
Guide for Readers
Page |
Amusements _ A-ll i
Classified _. B-8-12
Comics _B-14-15
Editorial _A-8
Edit’l Articles'. A-9
Finance _A-17
t'age
Lost and Found A-3
Obituary -A-10
Radio -B-13
Sports_A-13-15
Woman's
Section_B-3-4
An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 36. Phone ST. 5000
★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1951—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES.
Home Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday. $1.50; K /‘'I'C'Vrrpo
Evening only, $1.10; Sunday only. 45c; Night Final. 10c Additional. ** J. kj
Snyder Asks Sharp Increase
In Income Taxes and Excises
On Cars, Gasoline, TV, Liquor
. A_
Treasury Chief Gives
Congress Details
Of Truman Plan
By Cecil Holland
Secretary of the Treasury Snyder
detailed to Congress today an ad
ministration tax program calling
for an increase of four percentage
points in individual income rates,
doubling of Federal gasoline taxes,
and nearly tripling the tax on
automobiles.
The tax program, hitting hard
at consumers and individuals in
the middle and lower income tax
brackets, also proposed an increase
of $3 a gallon in the tax on liquors,
a $4 a gallon increase on beer,
raising the Federal take on these
two items to $12 a gallon.
The program also asks for an
increase from 10 to 25 per cent,
at manufacturers’ prices, on re
frigerators, television sets, radios,
phonographs, electric, gas and oil
appliances and other consumer
durable goods.
10-Cent Levy on Cigarettes.
Secretary Snyder also asked for
a 3-cent increase per package in
the tax on cigarettes, raising the
levy to a total of 10 cents. In
creases in the taxes on cigars also
were requested.
Mr. Snyder told the House Ways!
and Means Committee at the
opening of hearings on President
Truman’s request for $10 billion
in additional taxes immediately
that the increases on excises
would produce $3 billion of the
amount needed. An additional
tax bill for another $6.5 billion
will follow later in the session.
Increases in individual income
tax rates, with a recommended
boost from 25 to 37‘/2 per cent
in the capital gains tax, Mr. Sny
der said, would produce $4 billion
annually.
During questioning by commit
tee members, Mr. Snyder said the
increase in individual tax rates
should be made effective as of
January 1 of this year. If further
increases in individual rates are
asked later, Mr. Snyder suggested
they could be made effective next
July 1.
Higher Business Tax Asked.
He also recommended an in
crease of 8 percentage points in
corporation normal taxes to pro
duce $3 billion annually. This
would increase the rate on cor
porations earning in excess of
$25,000 a year from 47 per cent
to 55 per cent. With the excess
profits tax, Mr. Snyder said, the
increase would boost the maxi
mum rate from 77 to 85 per cent.
Mr. Snyder also recommended
an increase from 62 to 70 per
cent, the maximum amount of a
corporation’s income that could
be taken by taxes.
The Secretary even hinted an
additional $16.5 billion in taxes
may not be enough to balance
next year’s expenditures if the de
fense program “develops as rapidly
as desirable.
“Clearly,” he said, “taxes can
keep pace with expenditures only
if the major part of the Presi
dent’s program is put into effect
promptly.”
Increases in individual income
taxes and the boosts in excise
taxes in the administration’s pro
gram, as outlined by Mr. Snyder,
hit hard at the consumer and
wage earners in the middle and
lower income brackets—the $3,000
to $10,000 categories.
Sees Little Disturbance.
Mr. Snyder contended the in
creased excise taxes would bring
only a “minimum disturbance” of
the defense economy and result in
“little pressure on price ceilings.”
The increases asked in individ
ual income taxes would boost from
$26 to $30 billion the Federal rev
enue from about 50 million tax
payers.
Mr. Snyder said no considera
tion has been given at this time
to reducing personal exemptions
from $600. During the war the
allowance was $500.
But the Secretary said that any
major increases in revenue must
come from “the lower taxable
(See TAXES, Page A-6.)
Dock Strike Cripples
Big English Ports
By th« Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 5.—A creeping
dock strike, denounced by union
chiefs as Communist - inspired,
crippled the ports of Liverpool
and Manchester today.
The National Dock Labor Board
said 9,867 men were idle out of
the nation’s total stevedoring
force of some 90,000.
At Liverpool, 58 ships stood
idle at their moorings and the
handling of cargo on another 26
was slowed to a walk. At Man
chester, 15 ships were abandoned
by strikers and work continued on
only five.
On Saturday, second day of the
wildcat walkout, there were 5,439
strikers.
Spokesmen for the unofficial
committee running the strike
harangued two meetings of Lon
don dockers in an attempt to start
a sympathy stoppage here.
Attendance was poor and the
committee decided to defer offer
ing a strike resolution to the
27,000 dockers in the London area
until tomorrow.
Hunt, 5-Percenter Probe Key,
Is Indicted in 3 Surplus Deals
Consultant for WAA
Aided Private Firms,
Grand Jury Says
James V. Hunt, key figure in the
| “five-percenter” investigation, to
Idav was indicted on charges of
| agreeing to serve private enter
prises before the. War Assets Ad
ministration while a WAA con
sultant himself.
Mr. Hunt's activity at WAA was
one of the minor themes of the
Senate Investigations Subcommit
tee's “five-percenter” inquiry of
1949. The inquiry delved into the
activities of influence peddlers and
developed the story of home freez
ers winding up as gifts in some
prominent Washington homes.
The four-count Hunt indict
ment alleges violations of the
United States code in the spring
and summer of 1946. Assistant
United States Attorney Charles
B. Murray said that statutes in
volved in the indictment cover
“technical” offenses by a Govern
ment official while still in office.
“Unlawful Agreement.”
Mr. Hunt is accused of “unlaw
fully agreeing to receive compen
sation for services to be rendered”
to three business firms while he
was serving as a per diem con
sultant with WAA in the spring
and early summer of 1946.
Since the cases involve Federal
property in wartime, Mr. Murray
explained, the normal three-year
RFC Inquiry Brings
Bricker Demand That
Truman Fire Dawson
Fulbright's Report
Of Favoritism in Loans
Is Cited by Republican
By Robert K. Wolsh
A proposed investigation of
alleged favoritism in Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp. loans brought
a demand today that President
Truman fire White House Aide
Donald Dawson.
Senator Bricker. Republican, of
Ohio urged the President to drop
' ----—
Four Top Economists Issue Coll for Shifts
in Monetary Policies. Page A-2
Mr. Dawson as an administrative
assistant on the basis of Senate
Banking Subcommittee evidence
that he “exercised influence” over
RFC. The Ohio Senator called for
a “general house cleaning of
RFC.”
Public Hearings Planned.
The subcommittee will begin
public hearings in about two weeks
on RFC loan activities and pro
posed reorganization of the
agency, Chairman Fulbright an
nounced yesterday.
Mr. Dawson was due to arrive
here today from Brazil, where he
represented President Truman at
the inauguration of President
Getulio Vargas. He said in Rio
de Janeiro yesterday that he had
no comment on the report issued
last Friday by the subcommittee.
That report, approved by the
full committee, declared that
three of the five RFC directors
yielded to outside pressure in ap
proving several multi-million dol
lar loans.
Directors Named.
It stated that Mr. Dawson, ad
viser to President Truman on per
sonnel matters, “apparently exer
cised considerable influence over
certain directors of the RFC.”
One of the directors, Walter L.
Dunham, acknowledged that he
did not resist domination by Mr.
Dawson, the report said.
The other director’s specifically
named in the report were William
E. Willett and C. Edward Rowe.
There was no mention of the
other two members. Chairman W.
Elmer Harber and Walter Cos
griff.
Former RFC Chairman Hartley
Hise, according to the report, had
said Mr. Dawson tried to dominate
him but that he had resisted.
Evidence outlined in the report
led Senator Bricker today to de
mand not only removel of Mr.
Dawson but also a thorough in
vestigation of the RFC.
“I think the report made it per
fectly clear that the whole situa
j tion reeks of political influence
of the worst kind,” he said. He
predicted that the Senate Bank
ing Committee will not confirm
the five RFC directors, all of
whom are serving under tempor
ary appointments.
Chairman Fulbright said yes
terday that Mr. Dawson and all
others named in the report will
have full opportunity, if they wish,
to testify jn their own defense at
the forthcoming public hearings.
Democratic National Chairman
William M. Boyle, jr„ was among
otheres named as wielders of “in
fluence.”
The hearings will deal largely
(See RFC, Page A-3.)
JAMES V. HUNT.
statute of limitations' is permitted
to be suspended for another three
years after declaration of the end
of hostilities.
Some of the incidents referred
to in the indictment emerged dur
ing the Senate inquiry. One count,
for instance, charged that Mr.
Hunt, while a WAA consultant on1
June 2, 1946, “unlawfully agreed:
to receive compensation from A1-!
bert J. Gross for services to be
rendered Gross” in the procure
ment of goods before WAA.
The indictment charges that
Mr. Hunt accepted $1,000 from
Mr. Gross on June 1, 1946, for
(See HUNT, Page A-5.)
Big Allied Tank Force
Runs Deep Into Reds'
Line in Hit-Run Raid
Main Advance Carried to
Within 5 Miles of Seoul
Before Unit Withdraws
By th« Associated Press
TOKYO, Feb. 5.—The biggest
Allied tank force of the Korean
war rammed deep into Red terri
tory today in hit-run killer raids
on the Western front and then
withdrew.
The main punch carried within
5 miles of devastated Seoul. It
Silver Spring Officer Listed as Missing
in Korea. Poge B-l
Two U. N. Committees Begin Work
Today on Further China Action.
Page A-3
was the closest Allied thrust to
the old South Korean capital
since United Nations forces pulled
out January 4.
Four other armored columns cut
sharply into Red areas. Behind
a thunderous bombardment by
planes and artillery, the tanks
blasted Chinese and Korean Reds
out of hillside forts. The fighting
raged at times at such close quar
ters that some Reds were ground
to death under tank treads.
Advance on Central Front.
A division spokesman estimated
that the two main columns, strik
ing up the main road to Seoul
and on a lateral road 6 miles
farther West killed 500 Reds and
wounds 1,500.
On the central front Allied
forces in a simultaneous attack
gained 4 miles in four hours and
were continuing to advance. These
(See KOREA, Page A-3.)
Frozen False Teeth
Take a Long Time
To Thaw in Korea
By the Associated Press
WITH UNITED STATES
2d DIVISION, Korea, Feb. 5.
—Sergt Joe d’Elia is off his
three-day soup diet.
It took the weak Korean
sun that long to thaw out his
false teeth, which froze solid
one night in a cup of water.
Hershey Plans
To Call Childless
Husbands, 19-26
General Tells Vinson
He Has Worked Out
White House Order
By George Beveridge
Selective Service Director Lewis
B. Hershey disclosed today he has
drawn up a proposed White House
order to draft childless husbands
between the ages of 19 and 26.
The draft chief made public
the new step to break down de
pendency deferments as he re
sumed testimony before the House
Armed Services Committee.
He stressed that the proposal
must clear a myriad of executive
agencies before it becomes policy,
but said he does not expect any
difficulty. The move, along with a
cut in physical and mental stand
ards, would affect about 220,000
men now deferred for dependency,
he said.
Would Need Two Dependents.
Gen. Hershey said the new or
der would continue to defer men
with children, men with wives
and children and men with more
than one dependent, regardless
of whether they are married.
Thus, the man who supports a
wife and parent, or a dependent
father and mother, for example,
would continue to be deferred.
But the man supporting only a
wife or one other dependent could
be called into uniform.
In other developments, mean
while:
1. Chairman Vinson announced
he will begin an investigation of
the armed forces foodstuff pro
curement program to see if the
services are making use of Gov
ernment-owned surplus foods.
2. He also proposed that non
veteran members of the National
Guard be drafted and that their
places in guard units be filled by
veterans with less than 27 months
of service.
Veterans Not Affected,
Gen. Hershey said that with
present 4-F standards, about
170,000 men would be made draft
eligible by the new dependency
proposal. Present plans to cut
standards, however, would raise
this to 220,000, he said. Veterans
in the 19-26 age group are exempt
by law and would not be affected.
The White House order, drawn
up within the last few days, re
flects a growing sentiment on both
sides of Capitol Hill that husbands
without children should be drafted.
Gen. Hershey said the new order
must be cleared with the Secre
taries of Labor and Defense, the
Budget Bureau and new defense
mobilization agencies. He said he
has been working closely on such
plans with Labor Secretary Tobin
and Defense Secretary Marshall,
Closed Session Tomorrow.
Mr. Vinson said he hoped to take
up the question of foodstuff pro
curement by the armed forces at
an executive session tomorrow,
when he will appoint a special in
vestigating staff.
He made the announcement
when Representative Cole, Repub
lican of New York, demanded to
have answers as to why the mili
tary “is not using Mr. Brannan's
eggs, wheat and other items.”
Mr. Vinson said his proposal to
draft non-veteran Guardsmen Is
(See DRAFT. Page A-5.)
Soviet Union Replies
To Note on Conterence
By th« Associated Press
MOSCOW, Feb. 5.—Soviet For
eign Minister Vishinsky handed to
the diplomatic representatives of
the United States, Britain and
France today the Soviet Union’s
reply to Western terms for a Big
Four conference.
American Charge d’Affaires Wal
worth Barbour, British Charge
John W. Nichols and French Am
bassador Yves Chaitaigneau went
to the foreign office at Mr. Vishin
sky's request.
The Western powers have ex
pressed willingness to participate
in a four-power conference if the
meeting will take up all the major
points of East-West conflict. The
Soviet Union, in Its latest note on
this subject, has demanded that
the question of Germany have
top priority. The West recently
asked the U. S. S. R. to clarify its
latest notes on the prospective
talks.
Medal of Honor Winner Joe Foss
Seeks Waiver of Combat Ban
By th« Associated Press
Ex-Marine air fighter, Lt. Col.
Joe Foss, wants the Air Force to
waive its rule against combat as
signments for wearers of the
Medal of Honor.
And, Senator Case, Republican,
of South Dakota, says Col. Foss is
coming here to try to get a waiver.
Col. Foss, who lives in Sioux
Falls, unsuccessfully sought the
Republican nomination for Gov
ernor of South Dakota last sum
mer. First flyer to destroy more
enemy planes in the last war than
did the World War I ace, Eddie
Rickenbacker, Col. Foss received
the medal for his combat exploits
in the Pacific.
‘‘Joe said he’d almost be will
ing to return the medal If this
would enable him to get combat
duty,” Senator Case said.
The Senator said Air Force
officials tell him there is a firm
policy prohibiting Medal of Honor
winners from combat duty. The
Air Force, he said, believes these
men are more valuable for train
ing or morale purposes than as
fighters.
Senator Case said an Air Force
spokesman told him Col. Foss
would be welcomed here, adding:
“Everyone knows Joe and ad
mires him. All doors will be open
to him, from the Chief of Staff
down. But from what they tell
me, the rule will not be relaxed
for Joe.”
Col. Foss now is commander of
South Dakota’s Air National
Guard. This group is being re
activated March 1.
U. S. Reported Offering Japan
‘Atlantic Pact' on Aggression
Under Plan, America Would Retaliate
Against Russia in Case of Attack
By th« Associated Press
TOKYO. Feb. 5.—Authoritative
sources said today the United
States is prepared to offer Japan
this guarantee, after she regains
her sovereignty through a peace
treaty:
Any attack on Japan would be
considered an act of aggression
against the United States itself;
such an attack would result in a
United States attack against the
“roots of aggression."
If accepted by the Japanese the
American plan means that, if the
Soviet Union attempted an in
vasion of Japan, Russian targets
could expect to feel immediately
the full power of American might
— possibly including the atom
bomb.
The proposal represents the first
offer to extend to an Asian nation
the kind of guarantee which the
United States has given its At
lantic pact allies.
It is hoped that the threat of
immediate retaliation would be
sufficiently strong to discourage
any potential aggressor from at
tacking Japan once this nation
regains its sovereignty.
Sources said this is the proposal
which John Foster Dulles, head
of a special American peace mis
sion, brought to Japan.
Mr. Dulles told the America
Japan Society Friday:
“Japan . . can, if it wishes,
share collective protection against
direct aggression.”
He made it clear the American
offer would not be imposed on
_(See JAPAN, Page A-3.)
NPA, Other Agencies
Criticized in Dealings
With Small Business
Senate Committee Sees
Official Lack of Energy
And Proper Imagination
By th» Associated Press
The Senate Small Business
Committee sharply rapped the
National Production Authority to
day for “a lack of both energy
and imagination” in its defense
mobilization dealings with little
firms.
In a knuckle-cracking report to
the Senate, the committee accused
the NPA of ‘‘insensitiveness” to
the problems of little companies
at a time when “a large segment
of American small business is in
imminent danger of bankruptcy
through the shortage of basic ma
terials.” 1
The committee, headed by Sena
tor Sparkman, Democrat, of Ala
bama, said for example that under
one of NPA’s orders, “some 14,000
aluminum fabricators are going to
be forced out of their present busi
ness.”
Sawyer and Board Also Hit.
The committee's also directed
criticism at Secretary of Com
merce Sawyer and the Munitions
Board. The group said, too, there
are indications of a lack of co
ordination between the Defense
Department and NPA.
The report is based on hearings
which the committee conducted
last month. Government officials
and a parade of small business op
erators testified.
Among other things, the report
recommends:
1. Creation as soon as possible
of a controlled materials program
of the World War II type, which
would earmark for essential civ
ilian use all supplies of critical
materials not needed for defense.
(NPA is assembling a staff to ad
minister a controlled materials
plan. Officials said over the week
end they hope to put it into ef
fect around July 1.)
2. Early reappraisal of defense
and stockpile requirements “in or
der to meet the most realistic fore
seeable needs.”
3. Exploration of methods to
guarantee short-term “tide-over”
loans “to worthy small companies
which are on the verge of closing
(See SMALL BUSINESS, A-10.)
Number of Federal Jobs
Up 21,415 in December
Government employment in
creased by 21,415 during Decem
ber, the Joint Congressional Com
mittee on Non-Essential Federal
Expenditures reported today.
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Vir
ginia, chairman of the committee,
said practically all the increases
occurred in the military agencies.
The number of Government em
ployes now totals 2,184,693.
Nesline Is Indicted
In After-Hours Club
Killing of Harding
First-Degree Murder
Charged in Death of
Underworld Figure
Joseph F. Nesline, Washington
underworld figure, today was in
dicted for first-degree murder in
the Hide-Away Club shooting of
his one-time gangland pal, George
Paul Harding, 37.
A Federal grand jury also ac
cused Nesline, 36, of the 1900 block
of Chillum road, Hyattsville, of
altering the serial numbers on the
pistol used in the shooting, which
he is also accused of carrying,
loaded, without a license.
The first-degree charge came as
something of a surprise in the
light of coroner’s inquest testi
mony which indicated that Nes
line may have fired in self-de
fense.
The after-hours bottle club, ini
which the slaying took place;
January 10, is in the 3100 block of'
K street N.W.
Harding, of the 3200 block of
Fisher road, Temple Hills, Md.,
died immediately with a single
.45 slug in his abdomen- Both
men have long criminal records.
Among 11 persons accused of
lottery operations here, Vincent
Santilli, 43, of the 100 block of
Euclid street N.W., was indicted
on three counts. The grand jury
accused him of promoting num
bers from June 1, 1950, to last
Tuesday, when he was arrested
while speeding in a car across
Key Bridge.
Police said they found in his
possession a bag containing num
bers slips and about $150 in cash.
He reportedly had more than $700
in his pockets.
AEC Warns Las Vegas
Of More Atomic Tests
By th* Associated Press
LAS VEGAS, Nev., Feb. 5.—
The Atomic Energy Commission
says there will be another atomic
explosion "in the near future.”
Residents of this area were
warned to stay away from
windows during early morning
hours “until notice that the cur
rent series of tests is completed.”
There was no indication when
the next blast could be expected.
The four previous tests of the
series came at about 5:45 a.m.
(PST) on January 27 and 28 and
February 1 and 2. The AEC
warned residents to take precau
tions “at the appropriate time
each day.” .The testing range is
about 70 miles north of Las
Vegas.
Last 3 Men Executed
By Virginia, Closing
'Martinsville T Case
Plea to Justice Burton
Fails to Save Men
From Chair in Richmond
By th« Associated Press
RICHMOND, Va., Feb. 5.—The
State of Virginia closed the book
on the “Martinsville seven” today
with the electrocution of the final
three in the State penitentiary
here.
A last-minute plea to a United
States Supreme Court Justice was
futile and the three men walked
to their deaths in the basement
execution chamber in the space
of 45 minutes between 7:30 and
8:15 a.m.
Their four companions in the
mass rape of a Martinsville white
woman were executed Friday
morning. In their case, too, attor
neys had made an 11th hour plea
to save the Negroes from the elec
tric chair.
Just as Friday’s executions were
carried out, the three today were
in an atmosphere of dispassionate
calm. None of the demonstrations
that marked clemency efforts for
the seven here, throughout this
country and abroad, was in evi
dence.
Thus the State carried out the
directive of the circuit court of
Martinsville, first handed down on
May 3, 1949. In the twenty months
interim five reprieves were granted
while the case was carried through
the State and Federal courts—four
times to the United States Su
preme Court or one of its Justices.
Order of Execution.
The men were executed in this
order today:
John Clabon Taylor, 24, James
Luther Hairston, 23, and Francis
Desales Grayson, 40.
Hairston, whose brother, How
ard Lee, was one of the four exe
cuted Friday, made the short,
shuffling trip in stocking feet
down death row corridor at 7:45
a.m. A physician lifted a stetho
scope from his chest and pro
nounced him dead at 8 a.m.
A last-minute appeal in behalf
of the trio was turned down in
! Washington last night when Su
preme Court Justice Burton re
fused to issue a stay of execution.
Just six hours before the first
four men—Joe Henry Hampton,
22; Frank L. Hairston, 21; Booker
T. Millner, 22, and Howard Hairs
ton, 21—went to their deaths on
(See MARTINSVILLE, Page A-3.)
Sunny Skies to Push
Mercury Up to 45
Under the influence of sunny
skies, the temperature should
: climb to about 45 degrees by this
afternoon, the Weather Bureau
predicted.
The thermometer failed to get
low enough yesterday to make it
the coldest day of ~the year. It
reached 14 degrees at 3:10 a.m.,
but the 13 degrees recorded Sat
urday stands as the coldest day
of the winter season and of the
last three years.
Ice skaters had a brief fling on
the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting
Pool yesterday morning. But
after the sun hit the frozen pond
at least, five persons fell through
and park police closed the pond
to skaters.
The police reported skating
would be allowed today on the
Lily Pond at Kenilworth but not
on the Reflecting Pool.
Yesterday’s highest temperature
was 34 degrees at 3:15 p.m. The
thermometer dropped to 29 de
grees at 7:05 o'clock this morning.
The forecast called for fair
weather tonight with a low of 28
in the city and 24 in suburbs. To
morrow will be partly cloudy with
moderate temperature. I
Congress Chiefs
Hit Rail Strike
As Talks Resume
Rayburn, McFarland
Denounce Walkout;
Speaker Sees Truman
Negotiators resumed efforts
here to end the railroad strike
today amid reports the walkout
was still growing and condemna
tion of the economy-strangling
walkout by House Speaker Ray
burn.
After a conference with Presi
dent Truman, Mr. Rayburn told
reporters he saw no indication
Congress would enact new legisla
tion to cope with the six-day-old
deadlock.
He said “the only thing you
might do is to increase the penal
ties.” He recalled that during the
railroad strike of 1946 the House
passed a bill to enable the Govern
ment to draft railroad workers in
such an emergency. The strike
ended and the bill did not get
through the Senate.
Mr. Rayburn said he had told
the President the walkout was
“one of the worst things that
could happen to this country in a
time like this” and that it is “not
only crippling the war effort here,
but abroad.”
“Ruining Public Relations.”
Senate Majority Leader McFar
land commented that the rail
road unions were “ruining their
public relations not only with
Congress but with the people.”
Meanwhiie, about 300 Railway
Express Agency workers were laid
off here because of the embargo on
express imposed last week. Offi
cials said 200 more will be made
idle tomorrow, leaving only 25 or
30 supervisors to handle emer
gency operations.
Chief hope for a settlement
rested in slow-moving meetings of
railroad and union negotiators
here. At a recess this afternoon
a National Mediation Board mem
ber said a total deadlock existed.
J. P. Shields, head of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi
neers, said he understood the
walkout of trainmen over the
country had become worse.
“A few are drifting back but
more are going out,” he said,
j Chairman John Thad Scott of
the Mediation oBard, in an un
usual move, yesterday urged rail
road yardmen to return to work,
calilng the strike a “crippling
blow to our national defense
effort” and a roadblock to settle
ment of the dispute.
Seek Rock-Bottom Demands.
In a 4-hour session yesterday,
the board requested union nego
tiators to put their rock-bottom
demands on paper. Most of the
strikers belong to the Brotherhood
of Railroad Trainmen, but the
engineers, firemen and conductors
also are involved in the 2-year-old
dispute over wages and hours.
The conductors, headed by R. O.
Hughes, said they would write
specific demands, but some of the
others were non-commital. Most
of the negotiators believed that, at
best, it would take days to grind
out an agreement.
The pinch tightened on indus
try and threatened food shortages
in some areas.
Washington was virtually cut
off from freight shipments nor
mally flowing through Chicago
and St. Louis, but still was being
supplied over southern lines where
no embargoes exist.
New walkouts at Cincinnati and
Toledo caused the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad to clamp freight
embargoes on those cities and cut
off traffic south to Louisville.
Keceipts 20% of Normal.
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
reported car receipts were cnly 20
per cent of normal yesterday and
; virtually at a standstill today
from the Chicago and St. Lcuis
gateways.
Of an average of 32 cars of meat
usually arriving on Monday morn
ing. only two reached Washington
on the .3. & O. today. Instead of
15 cars of fruits and vegetables,
two came in.
Flour receipts were reduced
from 10 to two cars and other food
supplies from 40 to 20. Building
materials dropped from an aver
age of 30 to five cars, and less
than-carload deliveries of all
merchandise fell off from 60 to 25
cars.
On the Pennsylvania Railroad
only three carloads of meat were
received instead of a normal 33,
and the 23 carloads of perishables
received was just half of normal.
A spokesman for the wholesale
meat dealers here estimated a 10
(See STRIKE. Page A-4.)
Featured Reading
Inside Today's Star
TIPS ON MILITARY LJVING—Wor
ried about your life as a draftee?
Read sage advice Lorn vjteran gold
bricker Howard L. Duiiun and you'll
find you never had it so good. On
page A-8.
YOUR INCOME TAX—Written so
anybody can understand it, a series
by Associated Press staff writer James
Marlow explaining who has to do
what about his 1950 income tax starts
today on page A-7.
BETHESDA A MATRIARCHY—Star
Reporter George Kennedy discovers
that Bethesda is a suburb where most
of the men go to work in Washington
and leave the running of the com
munity to the women. The latest in
his series on Washington area localities
is on page B-1.

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