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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 05, 1951, Image 2

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Four Top Economists
Issue Call for Shifts
In Monetary Policies
Four of the Nation's top econo
mists today indirectly supported
President Truman’s emergency
tax and budget program but called
for changes in Government mone
tary policies and warned of un
due reliance on direct wage-price
controls.
They also stated that “national
defense and higher living stand
ards are both within our reach,
though only after an initial period
of reduced consumption.”
The four economists are John
Maurice Clark, professor of econ
omics at Columbia University:
Theodore W. Schultz, chairman
of the department of economics
at the University of Chicago;
Arthur Smithies, chairman of the
department of economics at Har
vard University, and Donald W„j
Wallace, director of the graduate
program in the Woodrow Wilson
school of public and international
affairs at Princeton University, j
They recently completed a study
of economic stabilization for the
Twentieth Century Fund. Their
study is to be part of a special I
book - length report entitled
“Mobilization and Economic Sta
bility,” which has been prepared
for the fund by Albert C. Hart,;
professor of economies at Colum
bia, and is to be published next
month.
Chief Needs Listed.
Mr. Clark and Mr. Smithies,
along with Mr. Hart, appeared at
a press conference in the Hotel
Statler Friday preparatory to the
release of the commit.ee's report
today.
The chief immediate economic
needs of the country, the commit
tee report holds, are:
1. Pay-as-you-go taxation, with
a Federal retail sales tax at least
a possibility.
2. Limitation of bank credit,
accepting some rise in the in
terest rate on Government debt
if necessary.
3. A truce on customary con
tests of bargaining power *and
pressure among farm, labor, busi
ness and other interest groups.
The committee accepted the
President's budget message, out
lining expenditures of about $71
billion with an expected deficit
of $16 billion during the fiscal
year 1951-52, as a “useful bench
mark for a tax program at the
present time.”
New Taxes Held Needed.
“We believe that the minimum
objective of tax policy,” the econo
mists said, “should be to add $16
billion to the annual revenue
yield of the tax system ... by ex
pending existing methods of taxa
tion.”
The burden for making up the
$16 billion deficit “must fall large-!
ly on the middle and lower income
groups in which the bulk of the
Income after present taxes is
concentrated,” the report stated.
“The needs of the present situa
tion cannot be met simply by
raising the taxes of the rich.”
The committee estimates that
additional income taxes should
yield $9 to $10 billion above pres
ent levels.
Corporations, the economists
Said, "can reasonably be expected
to pay $4 billion of additional
taxation” without interfering with
“profit incentive, reasonable divi
dend payments, or the supply of
funds needed for new invest
ments.”
Increase in Excise Taxes.
“The rest of the tax program
'(or $1 to $2 billion i must consist
of increased excise taxes,” the
economists feel. They see a case
for “heavy excises on all goods in
short supply,” which would help
cut down demand and eliminate
black market profits.
Controls Are Fait Accompli.
The report said the committee
recognizes the recently imposed
wage-price controls as an accom
plished fact and sees “no point in
debating the necessity of that de
cision, although we believe that
had an adequate fiscal and mone
tary policy been pursued, we might
have been able to work out a con
trol system on a selective basis.”
The economists indorsed the ex
pressed intent of Economic Stabil
ization Administrator Eric John
ston "to make general wage-price
controls temporary if the neces
sary conditions for removal can be
achieved.” In order to accomplish
this important aim. they said, we
must have:
1. A fiscal-credit-debt-manage
ment policy tough enough to ab
D. C. ARTISTS TO EXHIBIT—Hobson Pittman of Philadelphia (left), and Harry Rosin, New
Hope, Pa., examine two paintings to be shown in the Washington Artists’ Exhibition. Pitt
man points at “A Distant Place,” painted by Leonard Mourer, 1440 Chapin street N.W. To the
right is “Walled in Valley” by Dean Stambaugh of St. Albans School. —Star Staff Photo.
---- ■*
Dean Stambaugh Wins $100
Star Prize at Art Exhibition
DvAn Stambaugh is announced
as the winner of The Evening
Star Prize of $100, principal
award in the 59th exhibition of
the Society of Washington Artists.
This display, which is installed in
the New National Museum at Con
stitution avenue at Tenth street
N.W.. will open Thursday and be
on view during all of February.
The offering of Mr. Stambaugh,
who is a member of the faculty
of St. Albans School for Boys, is
a landscape entitled “Walled-in
Valley.” The prize which is given
annually is for the painting
judged best in the entire exhibi
tion which this year comprises 47
pictures and seven pieces of sculp
ture. The 47 paintings were
selected from more than 300 sub
mitted.
The George F. Muth second
prize for painting, $50 went to
Leonard Maurer for his painting
called “A Distant Place.”
The medal for first prize in
sculpture was awarded to Donald
Kline for a work entitled “Tropi
cal Fish.” The second sculpture
prize of $50, given by Frank R.
Jelleff, was awarded to Maxim
Elias for his work called “Arkose.”
Jerry Prozo received the medal
in figure or portrait class for his
I "Self Portrait.”
First honorable mention in the
painting division went to “Mount
Stone” by Robert Willis.
Arvid Hedin was awarded the
medal in the landscape class for
his offering, “Angry Seas.” The
medal in the still life class went
to Gustav Trois for his work “Ab
stract” and the second honorable
mention in painting was given to
Anthony Qualia for his picture
entitled “Sandy P_oint.”
Judges were Hobson Pittman
of Philadelphia for, paintings and
Harry Rosin of New Hope, Pa.,
for the sculptures.
$1 Lincoln Day Supper Here
T o Begin 2.000 G. 0. P. Rallies
The Lincoln Day one dollar box
supper at the Uline Arena at 6:30
:o’clock tonight sets off a series
of more than 2.00ff Republican
rallies and dinners across the
Nation in the next three weeks.
The box supper, at which Re
publican leaders from all parts of
the country will speak briefly, is
sponsored by Republicans in
Congress and the League of Re
publican Women of the District of
Columbia.
Republican National Chairman
Guy George Gabrielson said to
day, announcing the Lincoln day
parties which are to be held from
Maine to Oregon and from
Minnesota to Texas; “Our homage
to Lincoln is peculiarly fitting
this year. Our country is again
in danger, as it was when Lincoln
:
sorb excessive spending power, re
ducing the inflationary pull from
I the side of demand to a matter of
special unavoidable scarcities.
2. A voluntary limitation of
wage increases to such as rest on
actual achieved increase of output
and productivity in the economy
as a whole, so that they will create
neither excess demand for goods
nor inflationary increases in the
level of unit costs.
Above all, the committee em
phasized, “direct controls should
not be considered, as they evi
dently were in World War II, as an
effective substitute for strong
fiscal and monetary policy.”
The major weapon of the Fed
eral Reserve is the sale of Govern
ment bonds, the report declared,
but “throughout the last 10 years
the Treasury and the Federal Re
serve between them have been
unwilling to let the interest yield
on Government bonds rise.”
This policy, they added, "com
mits the Federal Reserve to buy
ing bonds with one hand, for the
sake of maintaining the market
price, as fast as it sells bonds with
the other hand for the purpose of
j tightening bank reserves. Thus,
in the end. bank reserves remain
uncontrolled. It is long past time
took the helm as the first Repub
lican President. And like him, the
Republican Party of today is
dedicated to the cause of freedom
and its preservation.”
Republican Governors. Senators
and Representatives are included
in the long list of speakers for
the Lincoln Day observances,
among them Gov. Warren ofj
California, Gov. Bracken Lee of
Utah, and Senators Taft and'
Bricker of Ohio. Dirksen of Illi
nois, Brewster of Maine, Know
land of California, Malone of
Nevada, Nixon of California,
Margaret Chase 8mith of Maine,
Welker and Dworshak of Idaho,
and Representatives Brown of
Ohio, Hallack of Indiana, Leonard
Hail of New York and Dondero of
Michigan.
that this short-sighted policy be
abandoned.”
The committee also agreed with
the President that this is an ap
propriate time for expanding the
Social Security program.
The committee called for all
possible economy in Government
expenditures but added that “the
possibilities of economy in the
non-military field are frequently
exaggerated.”
“We doubt that the most rigor
ous economy could achieve a re
duction of more than $1 or $2
billion from the budget estimates
of 1951-1952,” the report said.
Dr. Kiefer to Direct
Civil Defense Medicine
Dr. Norvin C. Kiefer, 4602
Cheltenham drive, Bethesda, has
been named director of the health
services and special weapons de
fense division of the Federal
Civil Defense Administration,^ it
was announced today.
Associated with civil defense
planning from the beginning, Dr.
Kiefer has been serving as director
;of the health resources office of
the National Security Resources
Board.
The Weather Here and Over the Nation
District of Columbia—Mostly
eunny and milder this afternoon,
high near 45. Fair tonight, low
about 28 in city and 24 in suburbs.
Tomorrow some cloudiness with
moderate temperature.
Maryland and Virginia—Mostly
fair tonight, lowest in low 20s west
and middle or upper 20s east por
tion. Tomorrow some cloudiness
with moderate temperature.
Wind velocity at 11:30 o'clock
this morning, 9 miles per hour;
direction, north-northwest.
Snow or snow flurries are expected tonight in the Northern
most Rockies, the mountains of Wyoming and Colorado. Snow
will fall in the Northern Plains eastward into the Upper Great
Lakes region and in the Lower Lakes and much of the upper
New England States. The Northwest section can expect rain or
•howers. It will be colder in upper New England States west
ward into the Eastern Lakes region and in the Ohio Valley, but
warmer conditions are predicted for the Gulf States.
—AP Wirephoto.
River Report.
(From U. S. Engineers.)
Potomac River muddy at Harpers Ferry
and at Great Falls; Shenandoah muddy at
Harpers Ferrv.
Humidity.
(Readings at Washington Airport.)
! Yesterday— Pet. Today— Pet.
Noon _34 8 a m._63
1 4 p.m. _ 32 10 a m __ 42
( 8 p.m. _ - 44 1 p.m. _ 46
j Midnight 54
Record Temperatures This Tear.
Highest, 71. on January 19.
Lowest. 13. on February 3.
High and Low of Last 24 Hours.
High. 34, at 3: l.V P.m.
Low, 29. at 7:05 a m.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _ 7:12 a.m. 8:07a.m.
Low _ 1:33 a m. 2:24 a m.
High _ 7:39 p.m. 8:31 p.m.
Low __ _ 1:49 p.m. 2:42 p.m.
The Sun and Moon.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today _ 7:11 5:34
Sun. tomorrow _ 7:10 5:35
Moon, today 7:ou a.ra. 4:50 p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-hall hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. . 1951. Avg. Record.
January .. 1.79 3 55 7.83 ’37
February _ 0.06 3 37 6.84 '84
March _ ___ 3.75 8.84 *91
April _ 3.27 9.13 '89
May_ 3.70 10.69 '89
June_'__ 4.13 10.94 '00
July __ 4.71 10.63 '86
August __ 4.01 14.41 '28
September_ 3.24 17.45 '34
October __ 2.84 8.81 '37
November _ _ 2.37 8.69 '89
December _ 3.32 7.56 '01
Temperatures in Various Cities.
H. L. H. L.
Albuquerque 42 30 New Orleans 58 39
Atlantic City 32 27 New York 36 3o
Atlanta .49 30 Norfolk 33 21
Bismarck 14 1 Omaha 35 23
Boston 38 29 Philadelphia 36 27
Chicago - _ 33 15 Phoenix 7o 43
Cincinnati. _ 27 19 Pittsburgh 35 26
Detroit __ 30 25 Portland. Me. 31 17
El Paso _ 64 40 Portland. Ore. 42 35
Indianapolia 31 20 Richmond _ 31 18
Kansas City . 43 28 St. L^uis ... 46 24
Los Angeles. 63 48 Salt Lake C. 48 38
Louisville . . 31 18 San Antonio 68 44
Memphis 43 75 S Francisco 61 55
Miami ___ 62 54 Seattle _ 48 34
Milwaukee.. 29 16 Tampa_ 61 41
U.S. Troops for Europe
Appear More Likely
With Hearings Due
By J. A. O'Leary
Congressional approval of Amer
ican troops for the Western Euro
pean defense force being built up
under Gen. Eisenhower appeared
more likely today, alter the Su
preme Commander’s series of re
ports to Congress and the Nation.
Efforts to fix some ratio be
tween the number of American
and European divisions will con
tinue, but indications are Gen.
Eisenhower made headway in his
plea for flexibility.
The Senate Committees on For
eign Relations and Armed Services
will start hearings this week on
the Wherry resolution, asking
President Truman not to make
any troop commitments until
Congress adopts a policy. Defense
Secretary Marshall and Secretary
of State Acheson are expected to
testify.
Integration Plan Likely.
In place of the Wherry resolu
tion, observers believe the com
mittees will bring out one approv
ing the integration of American
and European land forces in thej
North Atlantic Treaty defense
area.
The question of whether It
should be a broad indorsement of
the policy, or a specific ratio will
be fought out at some point, either
in committee or on the Senate
floor.
Other foreign policy develop
ments over the week-end were:
Senator Bridges, Republican, of
New Hampshire, suggested Presi
dent Truman could increase
national unity by placing some
Republicans in policy - making
positions. He said he believes the
President has the Constitutional
power to send troops abroad, but
thinks it would be wise for him
to consult Congress. The Senator
also advocated no-strike legisla
| tion during the emergency. He
was interviewed on the NBC "Meet
,the Press" program.
Meanwhile, on a CBS television
! program, Senators Bricker, Re
publican, of Ohio, and Lehman,
Democrat, of New York, exchanged
foreign policy views. Senator
Lehman said the surrender of
Western Europe to Russia would
be a disaster beyond description.
Senator Bricker said further help
for Western Europe should be
closely scrutinized by Congress.
The Ohioan argued this country
could defend itself against in
vasion, but could not whip the
land forces of Russia on the con
tinent of Europe.
In another NBC television show.
Senators Sparkman, Democrat, of
Alabama and Jenner, Republican,
of Indiana, clashed sharply over
the accomplishments of the U. N.
Senator Sparkman conceded the
U. N. is not perfect, but said that
without it a third world war would
be inevitable. He said he has
seen Congress move just as slowly
as the U. N. at times.
Senator Jenner called the U. N.
I “a lumbering, blundering inter
| national debating society and a
| death trap for American GIs.”
Humphrey, Capehart Debate.
Senators Humphrey, Democrat,
of Minnesota, and Capehart, Re
publican, of Indiana also dis
agreed over foreign policy on a
CBS recorded broadcast. Senator
Capehart said he wants to see Eu
rope furnish the bulk of the man
power for defense of the conti
i nent. Senator Humphrey said the
i United States should share the
defense of Western Europe "with
equal responsibility and liability.’
Senator Taft, Republican of
Ohio, said yesterday he thinks
Gen. Eisenhower “made a good
impression” on Congress, but the
chairman of the Senate Repub
lican Policy Committee still wants
the President to submit to Con
1 gress the troop commitments for
j Western Europe.
Gen. Eisenhower apparently
convinced an overwhelming ma
jority of the lawmakers that he
had made no commitments during
his recent survey of European
defense possibilities.
Hoover to Be Televised
In Foreign Policy Speech
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, Feb. 5.—Former
President Herbert Hoover will de
liver an address on radio and
television Friday night on the
subject, “We Should Revise Our
Foreign Policy.”
The speech will be broadcast
and televised over the Mutual
Broadcasting System from 9 to
9:30 p.m.
Mr. Hoover’s office said last
night the address will be “an ex
tension” and “updating” of the
address he made to the Nation
last December 20.
Bill to Reduce Leave
Of Federal Workers to
15 Days Going to House
Representative Vursell, Repub
lican, of Illinois, today will intro
duce a bill in Congress to cut
the present 26 days annual leave
of Government employes to 15
days.
Mr. Vursell said his measure
would save between $200 to $250
million a year.
The legislation also would ban
further accmulation of annual
leave, although leave accrued in
former years would not be taken
away from employes.
Drive Appears Determined.
The Vursell measure is the
latest move in what appears to
be a determined drive on Capitol
Hill to reduce Federal employe
leave benefits.
Several weeks ago Chairman
Johnston of the Senate Civil
Service Committee announced
that his group would study the
leave situation with a view to
revising present benefits. Sena
tor Johnston and other members
of the committee are considering
placing the leave system on a
graduated scale based on seniority,
with the benefits running from
15 to 26 days a year, depending
on how long an employe has,
worked for the Government.
Mr. Vursell’s bill does not call'
for any reduction in Federal em
ployes’ annual 15-days sick leave
benefits, but he said "it might'
be well to tighten present regu
lations to avoid any abuses of
these benefits.”
Points to Private Industry.
Mr. Vursell declared that most
private industry firms have gener
ally adopted 15 days as the stand
ard vacation time, and that his
bill would bring Federal employe
leave benefits in line with private
industry.
He added that during this na
tional emergency, it was essential
that Federal employes stay on the
job as much as possible.
Lew Jenkins Held as Car
Kills MP at Roadblock
By th* Associated Press
COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo.,
| Feb. 5.—A car smashed into a
j highway roadblock last night, kill
ing a military policeman instantly.
Army and State authorities
identified the driver as Lew Jen
kins, 34, former world's light
weight boxing champion. He was
examined at a hospital and held
jfor questioning.
! The victim was Corpl. David L.
Dexter, 22. of Colorado Springs.
His body was thrown 75 feet and
"virtually every bone broken,"!
Highway Patrolman Russell Proc
tor said.
The roadblock had been set up
four miles south of here to ap
prehend a car stolen from Camp
Carson.
Jenkins, a sergeant first class
stationed here, was driving back
to camp. A bus had stopped at
the roadblock. Patrolman Proctor
said, when Jenkins’ car came
around it and struck Corpl. Dex
ter. The car skidded to a stop
112 feet away.
The stolen car was stopped
going toward Colorado Springs,
and its driver arrested a few
minutes later.
j Jenkins has coached the camp
boxing team since shortly after
his arrival last August. His wife
:and son live here.
He won the title from Lou
Ambers in May. 1940, and lost it
to Sammy Angott in December,
1941.

'Voluntary Draft' Program
For Rabbis Worked Out
By th» Associated Press
NEW YORK, Feb. 5.—The na
tional Jewish Welfare Board has
worked out a program for a "vol
untary draft” of rabbis into the
armed forces as chaplains.
Rabbi Aryeh Lev, director of
the board’s religious activities,
said yesterday eight rabbis will
enter the armed services this
! month.
The program, agreed to by Or
thodox, Conservative and Re
formed Jewry, is backed by sanc
tions imposed by rabbinical
; groups, Rabbi Lev said.
He said that the plan would
insure a steady flow of rabbis to
| augment 37 full time and 205
! part time Jewish chaplains now
serving the armed forces through
’ out the world.
The Federal Spotlight
Other Agencies Charge ESA
Lures Help With Higher Pay
By Joseph Young
A major feud is brewing be
tween many of the Government’s
agencies and the new Economic
Stabilization Agency over charges
that the ESA
is “raiding”
s t e n o g raphic
and secretarial
help with the
lure of higher
wages.
Some of the
d e p a r t m ents
are fuming over
what they as
sert is E S A’s
policy of paying
higher salaries
for stenograph
ers, typists and
secretaries than Joseph v«un*.
are generally paid in Govern
ment.
Many employes in other agencies
are reported leaving their jobs to
take similar positions at higher j
salaries in ESA. With the extreme
shortage these days of stenog-!
raphers and typists especially.'
this situation is considered serious
by many Government personnel
officials.
Complaints have been lodged
j with the Civil Service Commission
! and the commission has been
asked to warn ESA against up- i
! grading any jobs.
Personnel officials making the
charges against ESA claim that
i the new agency is paying salaries
from one to two grades higher
than are paid in most other Fed
eral agencies.
Not only are some of the old
line departments disturbed over
| the situation, but some units
directly connected with the na
tional emergency program are also
unhappy. Among them are the
State Department and the Eco
nomic Co-operation Administra
tion, which claim to have lost thg J
' services of essential people to the
ESA.
Charges of personnel “raiding” I
| are not exactly new in Govern
! ment, such complaints having been;
made in the past when other new j
agencies were getting underway.
But the extreme shortage of
;clerical help has made the pres-,
1 ent protests even stronger than
usual.
* ± * *
WHO ARE THEY?—Milton Man
dell, a Civil Service Commission
official, in a speech before a group
of promising young Federal em
ployes being trained for execu
: tive jobs, gave them a word pic
I ture of three men in their 20s
and asked them to rate the indi
viduals as to potential executive
ability.
Number one was “pudgy in ap
pearance, genial, open, and some
times rude. Not brilliant or in
cisive.” Number two was “of
medium height and thin, wears
glasses, has an unpleasant toothy
igrin, and wears affected flashy!
clothes. Speaks indistinctly and
(Stumbles.” Number three was
“average college student. Well
bred but not particularly charm
ing. Artificially serious of face
and rarely smiles. People con
sider him arrogant.”
The trainees, who did not think
I too highly of any of the trio’s
prospects of becoming successes,
were surprised to learn that they
were, 1. Grover Cleveland, 2.!
Theodore Roosevelt, and 3. Frank-1
lin D. Roosevelt.
* * * *
SALARIES—The average salary of
Government employes in Washing
ton who are under the classifica
I tion act is $4,002 a year. The
average salary of Federal workers
| throughout the country is $3.G67
a year.
Civil service says the reason for
a higher salary average here is
the greater number of executive
positions in Washington.
* * * *
FLEXIBILITY—The Civil Service
Commission has given agencies
! more discretion in shifting em
! ployes about In order to make
room for returning veterans when
the national emergency is over.
Previously, agencies had to dis
miss or demote employes who w'ere
[occupying the veterans’ jobs.
The new ruling still assures the
i veteran his old job, but it gives
the agencies the authority to
make any reorganization of non
veteran personnel that it considers
more practical in order to make
room for the returning veteran.
* ♦ ♦ *
j IOBS—The Navy Gun Factory has
[job openings for women ordnance
[operators. The pay is $10.08 to!
$11.28 a day. . . . The Navy Gun;
■"I
A SAVINGS PURSE
If you put nothing into your purse,
you can take nothing out.
—Benjamin Franklin.
Your purse can be a Savings Account
at National Permanent! By putting
into this “purse” you can always take
out what you need when you need it!
LIBERAL DIVIDENDS CREDITED SEMI-ANNUALLY jj
EACH SAVINGS ACCOUNT INSURED UP TO $10,000
NATIONAL PERMANENT
Bailding Association
719 10th Street N.W. NAtionel 0254 i
’Factory also needs mess attend
ants and laundrymen at $7.36 to
$8.32 a day. . . . The Marini Corps
at Quantico. Va„ has 29 different!
kinds of jobs available, most in'
skilled trades. . . . Further infor-i
mation regarding all these jobs
may be obtained at the Civil Serv
ice Commission.
* * * *
RETIREMENT — Gov e r n m e n tj
workers already retired as well as
present Federal employes would
receive increased retirement an
nuities under legislation now be
ing drafted by a Senate Civil
Service subcommittee.
Due to a typographical error,
this column the other day failed
to include retired Federal em
ployes in the list of those who
would share in the proposed an
nuity increases.
(Be sure to listen at 6:15 p.m.
every Saturday over WMAL,
The Star station, to Joseph
Young's Federal Spotlight radio
i broadcast featuring additional
j news and views of the Govern
i mental scene.)
District Price Office
Waifs for Approval
Of Enforcement Staff
The District Office of Price
Stabilization today was waiting
for an enforcement staff against
a backdrop of complications over
whether the Justice Department
or the OPS national office would
enforce the law.
Norman Kuhne, information
consultant in the District office,
said it is up to the Richmond
regional office to act on the re
quest for an enforcement staff for.
Washington. Recommendations
have been submitted to Richmond,
he said.
The District office is seeking six
enforcement agents. They may be
transferred from other Govern
ment establishments, the informa
tion consultant added.
Attorney Joseph B. Danzansky,
counsel for the National Associa
tion of Meat Wholesalers and
Processors, said today he hopes by
March 1 the national OPS will
have definite dollars and cents
ceilings on meats. This, he ex
plained, will make the law easily
enforceable and the housewife, as
well as everybody else down the
line, will know definitely what has
to be paid.
Mr. Danzansky said that the
national office is also considering
a plan submitted by his group
that figures to be used as price
ceilings must be based on at least
25 per cent of a day's sales. He
:said this suggestion was made so
; that a merchant could not base a
1 ceiling on an isolated high-price
sale during the December 19 to
January 25 base period.
Alexandria Service Dance
The Servicemen’s Lounge of
Alexandria is planning a Valen
tine dance for men in uniform
Friday night at the recreation
center, 1605 Cameron street.
Hostesses for the party were urged
to register in advance at the
I lounge. 602 Cameron street.
IFrance Shows Wesl
* ..... i
Weapons, Including
Two Foxhole Diggers
By Eddy Gilmore
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
BAUMHOLDER, Germany, Feb.
5.—France let representatives of
the Western world have a quick
peek Saturday at her new war
weapons — including mechanical
foxhole diggers.
What she showed was impres
sive, but there was a strong im
pression she still has a lot on the
super-secret list.
“Just be sure,” cautioned De
fense Minister Jules Moch, “you
take no photographs.”
Those on hand for the show in
cluded military observers from the
United States, Britain, Belgium,
the Netherlands and Luxembourg
and several hundred French offi
cers.
Baumholder, scene of the dis
play, is a French military camp
i in a corner of Germany. The Ger
man army once trained here and
the late Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel used it in preparing for
certain phases of his desert cam
paign.
Most impressive of the stuff put
on view was:
A one-man rocket launcher, as
easily set up as a home movie
screen and operated about as ef
fortlessly as a garden hose.
A recoilless 75-millimeter gun
weighing less than 150 pounds.
A bazooka, lighter than a heavy
■ rifle, that hit moving tanks with
! startling accuracy at relatively
long distances.
A 12-ton, eight-wheel armored
reconnaissance tank, which can
go backwards as fast as it can
forwards.
A 50-ton tank with a 100-milli
meter gun.
And—two mechanical foxhols
diggers.
Truman Appoints Bunker
As Envoy to Argentina
President Truman today named
Ellsworth Bunker, chairman of
the board of the Na tional Sugar
Refining Co. to be Ambassador 10
Argentina, .'t has been known for
; some time tne appointment vai
in prospect.
Mr. Bunker, 56, a New Yorker
with wide business interests, will
succeed Stanton Griffis, now
American Ambassador to Spain.
The President today also nomi
’ nated Maj. Gen. Merwin H. Silver
' thorn and Maj. Gen. Franklin A.
Hart to the temporary rank of
| lieutenant general. Gen. Silver
; thorn has been designated as as
sistant to the commandant of the
I Marine Corps and Gen. Hart as
! commandant of the Marine Corps
■ School at Quantico.
i ___
Senate Unit Orders Probe
Of Lustron Plane Plans
By *he Associated Press
The Senate Banking Committee
today ordered an immediate in
| vestigation of plans to convert the
, big Lustron prefabricated housing
! plant in Columbus, Ohio, to war
1 plane production.
Chairman Maybank announced
that a subcommittee composed of
Senators Sparkman. Democrat, of
Alabama and Capehart, Republi
can, of Indiana, would go to Co
lumbus next Tuesday to start
, hearings.
BUY NOW at a SAVINGS
at Hitt’s ...
PIANOS
of Many Makes and Styles
In view of today's price and merchandise situation,
the reductions on the pianos we have on sale mean
real savings! Many pianos that were bought before
recent price increases have been marked down for this
event. Each is one of our famous makes. Some are
new, some floor display models and some used ... all
sizes and styles are represented including a few fine
grands. Take advantage of these reduced prices—
come in now and select your piano.
As Little as ^^Donn
3 Years to Pay the Balance
/om
REpublie 6212

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