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Rain, some wet snow today and tonight; high, 45. Low tonight, 38. Tomorrow, cloudy, windy, cold; rain or snow. (Full report on Page A-2.) Midnight, 40 6 a.m. ...36 11 a.m. _._41 2 a.m._38 8 a.m._37 Noon_42 4 a m. ...38 10 a.m. ...40 1 p.m. ...43 Late New York Markets, Page A-23. Guide for Readers rage Amusements _.B-12 Classified ..B-12-18 Comics _B-20-21 Editorial _A-12 Edit’l Articles_A-13 Finance _A-23 r»ga Lost and Found-A-3 Obituary _A-14 Radio—TV ...B-19 Sports _A-19-21 Woman’s Section_B-3-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 99th Year. No. 72. Phone ST. 5000 _** WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1951—FORTY-SIX PAGES. Home Delivery, Monthly Rates; Evening and Sunday, *1.50; gj PTJ,'MTQ Evening only. $1.10: Sunday only. 45c; Night Final. 10c Additional. viHliN ID Butler Inquiry ToldHowTabloid Was Prepared Composite Picture Of Tydings and Browder Explained By W. H. Shippen Investigators were told today that Senator Butler probably knew nothing about the prepara tion of a campaign tabloid de scribed by his unsuccessful op ponent, Millard E. Tydings, as a “tissue of lies.” Frank Smith, former Times Herald chief editorial writer and now administrative assistant to Senator Butler, told the inauiry that he supervised the preparation of the four-page “circular.” Mr. Smith testified: “I do not recall discussing the circular with John Marshall Butler until after the election was over.” Mr. Tydings was especially critical of a “composite" photo graph in the tabloid which pur ported to show him in friendly association with Earl Browder, former Communist leader. Didn’t Originate Idea. Mr. Smith said: “In the interest of truth I wish to make it clear that I did not originate the idea. I did not handle its make-up. It W'as taken out of my hands entirely. Mr. Tankersley executed the whole idea.” The witness was referring to Garvin Tankersley, former as sistant managing editor of the Times Herald and now an em ploye of the Chicago Tribune, owner of the local newspaper. Referring to the composite pic ture, Mr. Smith said Mr. Tankers iey “ordered it done and returned it to me when it was finished. I do not say this in any effort to shift any responsibility on any one else because I considered the composite idea merely a technical solution to a space problem.” Mr. Smith told the subcommit tee that “at no time w’as it ever imagined that any one would think the composite was anything but what it was plainly marked.” Suggested by Mrs. Miller. Mr. Smith said the idea of the tabloid was first suggested to him by Mrs. Ruth McCormick Miller, .editor of the Times-Herald, which printed half a million copies of the newspaper at a charge of $1,440 to Butler supporters Mrs. Miller, who is to testify later today along with several Times-Herald employes, was a spectator in the crowded caucus room at the Senate office building while Mr. Smith told his story. The witness explained that W’hile he was born in Cumberland, Md., he is now a resident of Vir ginia. He had w’orked on the Baltimore Sun and for many years was assigned to Capitol Hill as a reporter for the Times-Herald before he wras made chief editorial writer, three years ago. In the latter part of October, Mr. Smith said Mrs. Miller told him the paper had been asked to publish a circular, “From the Record.” Got Material From McCarthy. , “I began to gather the material w'hich came from Senator Mc Carthy’s office,” Mr. Smith said, and from Mr. Jon Jonkel and others working in his office and some stock news service pictures were taken from the Times Herald library.” Senator McCarthy campaigned against Mr. Tydings after the lat ter presided at a Senate inquiry into McCarthy charges of Com munist infiltration of the State Department. The Wisconsin Sen ator charged that Mr. Tydings’ group “whitewashed” his charges. Mr. Jonkel is the Chicago public relations expert who was hired by Mr. Butler as his cam paign manager after Mrs. Miller telephoned Mr. Jonkel in Chicago and asked that he come here to confer with Mr. Butler and Mary land Republican leaders. All of the material for the tab loid, Mr. Smith said, “finally found its way to my desk. Nothing used in ‘From the Record’ was new. It had all been printed be fore or used by radio com mentators or used by responsible persons in speeches. “Much of the information was taken directly from the Congres sional Record or from newspaper columns. It was a rehash. Much of it I copied. Other portions were boiled down from the thou tSee BUTLER, Page A-6.) Rain, Snow or Both Facing D. C. Today And Tomorrow Rain or snow or a combination of the two were on the Weather Bureau’s schedule for the District both today and tomorrow. The forecaster predicted rain this afternoon and tonight, pos sibly mixed with some wet snow. Tomorrow, he said, will be cloudy, w’indy and rather cold, with oc casional rain or snow. The Associated Press reported a light snow in southwestern Virginia today. About an inch was noted in some areas, but it was not sticking to highways. Today’s high temperature will be about 45 degrees, as compared with yesterday’s top mark of 56, according to the prediction. Eisenhower Names Col. Biddle As Aide in Charge of Liaison Soldier-Diplomat Will Handle Relations With Pact Nations By the Associated Press PARIS, Mar. 13.—Gen. Eisen hower today picked Col. Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, jr„ well-known American soldier and diplomat, to handle relations between his At lantic army headquarters and the governments which are backing it. Col. Biddle, 54-year-old sports man and member of a famous Eisenhower Is "Willing to Spend Rest of Life" Unifying Free World. Page A-4 Philadelphia family, was named deputy chief of staff for national affairs.* The announcement by Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe said Col. Biddle’s post is ‘‘unique in a military headquar ters.’’ Its purpose is primarily to main tain liaison between the govern ments of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization” as well as co-ordinate the liaison officers as signed to SHAPE by member coun tries, the announcement said. Col. Biddle already is an old hand at relations with many for eign governments at the same time. During World War II he was American Ambassador in Lon don to the governments in exile —AP Photo. COL. BIDDLE. in Belgium, the Netherlands, Nor way, Greece, Yugoslavia, Czecho slovakia and Luxembourg. More recently he was foreign liaison officer at the Pentagon, in Wash ington, until assignment to Gen. Eisenhower’s staff last January. Nine of the 12 Atlantic pact (See BIDDLE, Page A-3.) j Yanks Seize Yudong, Routing Battalion of Chinese Communists Allied Troops Pursuing Retreating Foe Toward 38th Parallel Border By the Associated Press TOKYO. Mar. 13.—American troops stormed back into Yudong today and wrested control of the village from a battalion of Chinese Reds. Yudong is 11 miles southeast of Hongchon and less than 3 miles ! southwest of a Chinese concen jtration area. A United States 2d Division pa trol first entered the town last night, but withdrew' after a brief fire fight. Elsewhere along the 70-mile front United Nations forces w'ere chasing strangely elusive Chinese and North Korean soldiers back toward the 38th Parallel. 25 Miles From Border. Probing spearheads of three Allied columns closing in on Hong chon were within 25 miles of the old boundary between North and South Korea. In the assault on Yudong the Doughboys first smashed a road block half a mile south of the village. Then they stormed ahead despite mortar, automatic weapons and small arms fire. At the same time 5th Air Force fighter-bombers blasted the Red concentration area to the north east. Farther east United States 7th Division patrols searched the countryside in a vain search for | Communist strongholds. Roadblock Encountered. One patrol found a roadblock, but no enemy troops. Another patrol bumped into about 12 Com-* munists west of Amidong. Five Reds were killed and the others (See KOREA. Page A-4.) Wave of Stock Selling Drops Prices $1-$4 By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Mar. 13.—A sell ing wave hit the stock market to day and sent prices down by as : much as $4 a share. Most of the losses were held to $1 to $3 a | share. Trading started downward at | the opening and gathered mo | mentum until noon when the ticker tape was behind floor trans actions as much as 3 minutes. Brokers said the drop was the resist of talk from Korea of the possibility of an end to the war, | intensification of the Govern ment’s fight against inflation and i uncertainty in the Government | bond market where prices have | been declining. Stocks with the biggest losses ; included Nickel Plate, Southern Pacific, Johns-Manville, Youngs town Sheet & Tube, Chrysler, J. I. Case, Douglas Aircraft, Boeing, American Woolen and Anaconda Copper. House Group Tables G. 0. P. Plan to Curb Troop Commitment Committee Also Works Out Details for UMT, Draft of 18!i-Year-Olds The House Armed Services Com mittee today tabled a Republican motion to give Congress control over sending troops to Europe. After Representative Towel, Re publican, of toew Jersey made his motion which would restrict the President's authority to dispatch troops to the North Atlantic pact army, Chairman Vinson’s move to table was carried by a 21-to-14 vote. Republicans still can offer such an amendment to the bill on the House floor later. The committee also worked out details for starting a universal military training program for 18V2-year-olds. Commission Would Draft Plan. Under the present bill a presi dential commission consisting of three civilians and two former military men would draw up the plans for submission to the Armed Services Committee of Congress. The committees would have 45 days in which to ap prove, or reject the plan. The House committee approved a provision whereby a simple ma jority in the House could kill the UMT program. That means in effect that a majority of a quorum, or ondly 110 votes, would be necessary for defeating such a plan. The presidential commission, however, could then submit a new plan for consideration by Con gress. The committee, which has gotten as far as page 22 of its 31-page manpower measure, did not reach the controversial pro vision on a 4-million-man ceiling on the armed services. Vinson Opposes Curb. But Chairman Vinson told re porters he would urge the commit tee to knock out this limitation. Mr. Vinson also said he planned to ask for a five-year limitation on the draft. The committee will meet again tomorrow morning with hope of winding up its work on the bill, the chairman said. In its series of votes yesterday, Mr. Vinson told reporters, the committee: 1. Approved the provision to reduce the compulsory draft in duction age from 19 to I8V2. 2. Approved increasing the period of draft service from 21 | to 26 months. 3. Voted to cut mental and physical induction standards back to the low World War n level of January, 1945. 4. Approved a requirement that draftees below the age of 19 might not be sent into combat within six months, and that they be given at least four months of basic train ing. 5. Defeated, by the close vote of 17 to 14, a move to write provi ! sions for a UMT program and for immediate draft expansion in two different titles. Judge Restores Order in Court By Shooting Hole in Man's Shoe By the Associated Press FORTUNA, Calif., Mar. 13.— Police Judge L. L. Bryan brought order in his court yesterday with a blazing revolver. Involved in the wild West melo drama were Judge Bryan, Farmer Gerhard Svendsen and Svendsen’s ! wife. ! The judge explained that Svendsen, a 220-pounder, entered his court and started berating him because of a six-month-old as sault-and-battery charge against i him. Svendsen was free on a j peace bond. I While the tirade was going on Mrs. Svendsen entered and tried to bring peace. Then Svendsen began to beat his wife. Judge Bryan tried the peacemaker’s role and the irate farmer turned on him. So the judge took a .38-caliber revolver from his desk, shot a hole through the toe of the farmer’s shoe (which missed the foot) and then—while the farmer hopped around on one foot—fired more shots in the air to call police. Svendsen was put in the For tuna city jail on a holding charge of assault and battery. Fulbrighf Seeks Study of Ethics in All U.S. Agencies Proposes Non-Political Commission to Carry Inquiry Beyond RFC BULLETIN Representative Hays, Demo crat, of Ohio told the House today Republican National Chairman Guy Gabrielson got $18.5 million of RFC loans for his firm and charged the com pany $100,000 for his services. By Robert K. Walsh A maze of evidence about quick profits in steel and ship sales by groups involved in Reconstruction Finance Corp. loans left Senators today with the question of a still bigger inquiry by a special com mission instead of by Congress. The Senate Banking subcom mittee that has been holding Quiz of RFC Loan Aide Opens Grand Jury's Probe Info Testimony. Page A-3 hearings since February 21 on whether the RFC yielded to out side influence ended its “agenda of cases” late yesterday. It ex pects to meet once more, prob ably Friday, to hear one of the RFC directors, C. Edward Rowe. But two subcommittee members, Chairman Fulbright, Democrat, of Arkansas and Senator Capehart, Republican, of Indiana, may take the Senate floor before then in a debate on what ought to be done from now on. Wants Non-Political Study. Amplifying his earlier sugges tion for an investigation of the “moral and ethical level” in gov ernment, Senator Fulbright said today the study should be made by a “commission removed as far as possible from politics.” Such a group, in his opinion, might include two Senators and two Representatives, but also should have at least four private citizens. It should be headed “by some man of the type of former Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, Milton Eisenhower, for mer Secretary of War Robert Pat terson or President James Conant of Harvard,” he said. "Such a commission could look into Government agencies in gen eral. including RFC, and perhaps think out the problem of a code of ethics for official conduct,” he said. “And, of course, it could look as well into any activities of members of Congress that might be unethical. That sort of a job shouldn’t be done by a congres sional committee, if only because it might be embarrassing. I don’t mean there would necessarily be a cover-up, but it wouldn’t be a good thing for a Senate commit tee to censor Senators.” Authority Expires April 30. Senator Capehart, however, plans to ask the Senate to appropriate more money and extend the life of the present subcommittee to follow up the numerous disclosures more or less related to RFC. The subcommittee’s authority is due to expire April 30. A hearing from 10 a.m. to al most 7 p.m. yesterday brought fresh revelations and fireworks. While they all did not directly touch on that agency, they con cerned activities of former Rep resentative Joseph E. Casey of Massachusetts. Joseph H. Rosen ibaum, a Washington lawyer, pnd others interested in RFC loan applications. Charges of “black market” op erations and “payoffs” climaxed the late afternoon testimony about sale of steel by a company that had obtained big RFC loans. Mr. Rosenbaum admitted that the Atlantic Basin Iron Co., a firm in which he and E. Merl Young held options, made a profit of about $80,000 last fall by buying 2,500 tons of steel from the Cen tral Iron & Steel Co. of Harris burg. Pa., and selling it to Price Iron & Steel Co., a Chicago ware housing concern. Mr. Rosenbaum and Mr. Casey, the subcommittee brought out, were active in negotiations for $6.3 million in loans approved by RFC for Central Iron & Steel in 1949. Mr. Young, whose wife report edly still is a White House stenog rapher, has been a key figure at the hearings, particularly in testimony about a mink coat paid for by Mr. Rosenbaum. Previous witnesses also testified Mr. Young got a $30,000 loan from the At lantic Basin Iron Co. The explanation of the com (See RFC, Page A-3.) Vandenberg's Condition Becomes More Serious By the Associated Press GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., Mar. 13.—The condition of Senator Vandenberg “is gradually becom ing more serious,” his personal physician said today. The doctor said the Senator “still fails to rally from his recent relapse. Unless a favorable change occurs soon, his prognosis must be considered grave.” Last night the physician re ported Senator Vandenberg’s con dition had “worsened somewhat.” The Republican Senator from Michigan was convalescing at his home here when he suffered a relapse February 26. Senator Vandenberg, champion of a bi-partisan foreign policy, has undergone a series of major op erations. 'Prove I Run Crime Syndicate/ Costello Challenges Senators Another Witness Links O'Dwyer With Gambler Adonis By the Associated Press NEW YORK. Mar. 13.—Gam bier Frank Costello today chal lenged Senate crime investigators to produce evidence that he runs a national crime syndicate. Earlier, Jerome G. Ambro, a deputy New York attorney gen Liquor Industry Sees Anti-Trust Threots in Policing Outlets. Poge A-5 eral told the crime commit tee members he was intro duced to Joe Adonis, under world chieftain, by former New York Mayor William O’Dwyer. The committee has accused Cos tello in recent reports of ruling a crime syndicate that extends from New York to New Orleans. Demanding, in effect, that the committee put up or shut up, Cos tello said through George Wolf, I his attorney: "I am a witness and not a defendant.” He said he wanted to see the evidence and then have a chance to make ‘‘proper reply.” Senator Tobey, Republican, of New Hampshire interrupted to say that he believed the commit tee has heard adequate testimony to support a claim to deport the Italian-born Costello from the United States. The Senator said that Costello’s —AP Wirephotos. FRANK COSTELLO. alleged 1925 falsification of a naturalization application was ; sufficient grounds to annul his ; citizenship. He said the gambler’s | admitted bootlegging activities in j the prohibition era provided addi tional grounds for deportation. In his statement, Costello (See CRIME. Page A-5.1 Kentucky Senate Seat Won't Go to Chandler, Louisville Paper Says Baseball Commissioner Reported Out of Favor With State Democrats By the Associated Press LOUISVILLE, Ky„ Mar. 13.— The Louisville Times said in a Frankfort dispatch today that Baseball Commissioner A. B. (Happy) Chandler will not be ap pointed to Kentucky’s vacant Sen ate seat. Chandler, on his way out as baseball commissioner, has been Major League Club Owners Hunt for Chandler Successor. Page A-19 mentioned as a possible appointee to fill the vacancy created by the death last week of Senator Chapman, a Democrat. Chandler, also a Democrat, resigned his Senate seat to become baseball commissioner in 1945. Gov. Lawrence Wetherby said he would make the appointment later in the week, but declined to comment on his possible choice. The Lexington Herald said today in another Frankfort dispatch that “most observers who are ac quainted with the ins and outs of Kentucky politics” believe the ap pointment will go to Representa tive Thomas R. Underwood of Lexington, who represents the 6th District in the House of Representatives. “The baseball commissioner is hardly acceptable to the Demo cratic organization for a number of reasons,” the Times said. “Chief among these is the fact that he resigned in 1945 and gave Re publican Gov. Simeon Willis an opportunity to name Republican William Stanfill as his successor. “Chandler also lost ground when he cozied up to the pixie crats.” Auriol Sees Eisenhower PARIS, Mar. 13 (/P).—French President Vincent Auriol today entertained Gen. Eisenhower, At lantic army commander, at a luncheon in the presidential palace. 40% of Felonies Here - . j Committed by Youths Under 22, Session Told Prison Bureau Chief Urges New System of Dealing With Such Offenders By Crosby S. Noyes Nearly 40 per cent of all serious felonies in the District are com mitted by youths under the age of 22, the Judicial Conference of the District of Columbia Circuit was told today. The statement, made by James V. Bennett, director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, backed his arguments in favor of a new sys tem for dealing with youthful offenders in the District. The subject was under consideration by the conference. Mr. Bennett described the ■youth Corrections Act, which be came Federal law last September 30. The District was excluded from the jurisdiction of the law because its relationship with the Federal Government created spe cial jurisdictional complications. Difficulties Ironed Out. Since last fall, however, a spe cial committee of Washington leaders has ironed out the budg etary and jurisdictional difficul ties. An amendment to the (See JUDICIAL. Page A-7.) Mexico City Embassy Of Reds Pictured as Fleeing Spies' Haven Greenglass Testifies He Was Told to Leave U. S. After Arrest of Fuchs By th« Associated Press NEW YORK, Mar. 13.—The Russian Embassy in Mexico City was pictured in the atom spy trial today as being ready to aid spies fleeing the United States to avoid arrest. David Greenglass, 29, a con fessed spy who was a foreman on the atom bomb project at Los Alamos, N. Mex., said his brother in-law, Julius Rosenberg, gave him elaborate instructions for contact ing the Russian Ambassador in Mexico. Rosenberg, 33, an electrical en gineer, is on trial with his wife, Ethel, 35, and Radar Expert Mor ton Sobell, 33, on charges of con spiring to spy for Russia in war time. The charge carries a possi ble death penalty. Greenglass returned to the wit ness stand today after relating yesterday that less than a month after the first atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima he gave Rosenberg plans for a later-model bomb. Tried to Get Him to Flee. He said Rosenberg tried several times to get him to flee the United States after learning of the arrest of Dr. Klaus Fuchs in England on espionage charges. Greenglass said he ignored the advice, but that Rosenberg re newed the pressure after the ar rest of Harry Gold, Philadelphia biochemist, as a spy for Russia. The witness had testified yester day that he had contacts with Gold. Greenglass said Rosenberg gave him $1,000, promised his $6,000 more, and gave him these instruc tions: Go to Mexico City. Write to the Russian Ambassador, sign the let ter “I. Jackson.” Say something in it favorable about the Soviet position in the United Nations. Was to Go to Statue. Three days later go to the stat ue of Columbus with a travel guide. When a contact approaches say, “It is a magnificent statue. I am from Oklahoma.” The contact would reply that there were more beautiful statues in Paris. The contact would give him money and a passport. From Mexico City, he was to go to Vera Cruz. Thence to Sweden. In Stockholm, he was to follow the same procedure at the statue of Linneas and make contact with a man who would arrange trans portation to Czechoslovakia. In Czechoslovakia he was to write ‘to the Soviet Ambassador, this time signing his full name. Told to Use Memory. Greenglass said he was told to memorize the instructions and not to write them down. Greenglass told the court yes terday that Russian spies also (Continued on Page A-7, Col. 4.) Greenglass Atom Bomb Sketch Bared Secret of Firing Weapon By Howard W. Blakeslee Associated Press Science Editor NEW YORK, Mar. 13—1The Greenglass atom bomb, a spy idea of the real atom bomb, was bared to the world today. This Greenglass bomb is partly Rube Goldberg stuff and partly real. The real part was one of the most closely guarded secrets, until today. It is enough to tell any atom-maker how to overcome some of his most serious difficul ties. The secrecy was lifted, but only temporarily, at the atom spy trial yesterday. No court record was kept. Reporters were told to use their judgement. Morning papers published extended accounts. The secrets were shown in some | sketches made by David Green glass, confessed spy, at Los | Alamos, where he worked, and ! where all our atom bombs have ! been designed. He described the atom bomb as a round object, made of three con centric shells, surrounded by a girdle of detonators. The outer shell, he said, was (See BOMB, Page A-3.) I $160,000 Lien For Taxes Hits Emmitt Warring Numbers Boss Said To Have Failed to Report Full Income Emmitt Warring, reputed num bers game boss of Georgetown, was named in a $159,917.89 in come tax lien filed in District Court by the Bureau of Internal Revenue today. The lien which will freeze the assets of the dapper little reputed Undercover Agents Began Checking on Warring and Beard in 1948. Page A-7 Grand Jury Receives "Inside" Story on Sam Beard. Page A-2 gambler who lives at 3900 Macomb street N.W., charges he owes $95, 239.70. on his 1947 income. Penalties totaling $47,619.85 and interest of $17,058.34 were added to the tax debt by the bureau. United States Attorney George Morris Fay hailed the tax dodging cases against Warring and Sam Beard, local gambling boss, as the main objective of the 18-month special grand jury investigation of gambling here. That investi gation started in May, 1948. Started by Grand Jury. The grand jury, Mr. Fay said, requested the Warring investiga tion and also supplied the infor mation behind the first break in the case. That break came when Warring opened his safety deposit box to Treasury agents who found ^ nrrfllfMfc -vf EMMITT WARRING. $250,000 there in July, 1948, Mr. Fay said. A rough calculation based on the amount of delinquent tax in dicates Warring’s 1947 return must have understated his income by approximately $120,000, experts at the Bureau of Internal Revenue said. The bureau would not reveal how much income Warring re ported in 1947 or the amount of tax he paid. The Justice Department sent evidence uncovered by the tax agents to United States Attorney Bernard J. Flynn in Baltimore for presentation to the grand jury. Asked More Evidence. Mr. Flynn said the Warring case was first referred to him several months ago, but he sent it back to Washington at that time for additional evidence. It appeared likely that the Warring case would go before the same grand jury which today be gan hearing evidence against Board, who was slapped with a $4,167,328 tax lien last week. The bureau said its undercover (See WARRING, Page A-7.) Late News Bulletin Senators OK 4 Divisions The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and Armed Services today unanimously ap proved President Truman's de cision to send four divisions of ground troops to Gen. Eisen hower’s Western European army. This was the first time the members all agreed on the four divisions. 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