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Maryland Campaign Investigation Persistence of Democrats in Pushing Inquiry Into Butler Election Is Seen as 'Politics' With all their professions of virtue, the Democrats give the impression that maybe “McCar thyism” is pretty good after all and that perhaps the tactics of the Wisconsin senator might well be imitated for political purposes. This is about the only expla nation for the amazing persist ence of the Democrats in carry ing on their investigation of the election to the Senate of John Marshall Butler, Republi can. who defeated Senator Tyd ings in Che Maryland election last fall. Mr. Butler hasn’t vio lated any law. But he is ac cused, in effect, of being unfit to hold his seat because some one in his campaign committee circulated a picture that was plainly labeled “composite.” but which his opponents called a “fake.” Campaign literature has never before been used as a basis for an effort to disqualify a member of Congress from taking his seat. Hence the real purpose cannot be to unseat Mr. Butler, but to make cam paign material by the accusa tions. Maybe Senator Tydings thinks he can run again in a Maryland election and that he might as well begin his cam paign now. That’s precisely what Senator McCarthy was ac cused of when he made his broadside of accusations sev eral months ago. Mr. Butler is held up before the country as having done something highly irregular. The Democrats, voting as a majority party, actually allowed him to take his seat but with the understanding that he was not going to be ablte to hold it if the results of the investiga tion were a recommendation that he be unseated. No evidence of corruption on the part of Mr. Butler has been uncovered, nor has there been ajiy testimony of excessive use of money. The only ground on which Mr. Butler could be un seated would be a political one. This is politics at its worst. Also it would open up the way to the rejection of various Democratic nominees when the Republicans get a majority in the Senate, and the country would witness the violation of the spirit of the Constitution, which is that the people of each State have the right to de termine who shall represent them in the United States Senate. When Mr. Tydings was de feated last autumn, he made no charge that unfair campaign literature had beaten him. On the contrary, he said that his defeat was due to the split in the Democratic Party in Mary land. Now, at this late date, for the Democrats in the Sen ate to take up the Tydings plea and make it a basis of political controversy means a dangerous precedent. On the slightest provocation hereafter, defeated candidates can insist on similar privileges before Senate cam paign committees. The House of Representatives frequently has such contests, but usually dis misses them unless there is a prima facie case of fraud or corruption. •To say that the Senate has no case against Senator Butler under its own rules is not to condone the kind of campaign that was waged in his behalf. The use of the “composite” pho tograph was a gross violation of good taste and ordinary fairness. The impression it conveyed was that Mr. Tydings and Mr. Brow der, the Communist leader, were intimate friends or that tney were associated together some how. But, strictly speaking, pic tures and cartoons used in poli tical campaigns convey many s distasteful impression. Thus, a cartoon often goes much further than a “composite” photograph and, if laws were to be enacted barring “composite” photo graphs, they could be construed to apply to political cartoons as well, and the end result would be a censorship of what can be said and done in political cam paigns. The real issue in the investi gation of the Butler election is whether the people of a State cannot be trusted to make up their own minds on the fairness or unfairness of printed mate rial used in campaigns but have to be protected against such things. If they do, then tnere is no other way to accomplish it except by laws which restrict the freedom of speech and of the press in all political cam paigns. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Doris Fleeson: Truman Shifts RFC Defense Democratic Chiefs Agree That the Housecleaning Must Go Forward With Ruffles and Flourishes President Truman has shifted from active defense to a re served attitude regarding White House aides and friends named In the RPC scandals. Democratic leaders have agreed therefore to let nature take its course. They would prefer to have the President crack down on those who have been impairing his prestige: some bitterly declare that all his troubles in such immensely important fields as military and foreign policy stem from the weakness he is displaying about what they call the little things that count. But since apparently he will not so move, they intend to interpret his silence as con sent to grand jury and other efforts to clean house. The President, of course, is acting in character. His policy regarding controversial nomi nations that he sends to the Hill has always been that he could take the storms if the nominees could. Repeatedly he has refused to withdraw a man's name because the man • was under fire; he has said he would do it only if the man himself requested it. In such discussions with his people he has never left any doubt that he himself would not thus retire from the fray. In fact he has indicated that in his view withdrawal consti tuted confession of inadequacy. Perhaps he has also felt that it was a reflection on his judg ment that he didn't enjoy. It is increasingly the feeling among influential Democrats that the housecleaning must go forward with ruffles and flour ishes. Various portents have not been lost on them. One is Senator Estes Kefa uver's television stardom which is reaching its zenith in the New York climax to his crime investigations. Another is the fact that Senator Paul Douglas of Illinois could win second place as a presidential possi bility in a grass roots poll of State chairmen, national com mitteemen and other party fig ures over the country. Attractive political figures often make a great reputation here but the professionals in the courthouses are usually very timid about buying it. They have especially proved allergic to any tinge of reform and Senator Douglas certainly merits the crusader label. What the poll proves is that the Democrats outside of Wash ington know what is so thor oughly realized here—that Mrs. Merl Young's mink coat is no joke politically. They are ap parently welcoming the new look and understand its neces sity. All this is somewhat of a change from the days when any gathering of Democrats freely threw off Senator Fulbright, the RFC nemesis, as a Boy Scout and suggested that their 1950 election troubles could be blamed on Senator Kefauver and his “road show.’’ Former Senator Scott Lucas refused to shake hands with Mr. Kefauver when the Senate reconvened following the election. Senator Connally not too long ago announced Mr. Kefauver's absence from a re cent hearing with the observa tion that he was off chasing crapshooters. * Both Senators Kefauver and Fulbright are about to add real novelty to their probes. They will try hard to end them and won’t ask for any more money but will insist that Congress legislate seriously regarding the evils they uncovered. This is practically a revolution and what the harvest will be is a question. Dorothy Thompson: Lack of Policy to Continue Objection to German Neutrality Seen Due To Fear of Industrial Competition ine i-enaon economist of February 17 commented: “. . . Western governments need ... a clear . . . long term policy for Germany.” “In drawing up such a policy, the first obstacle to be removed Is the idea . . . that any scheme for neutralization of Germany would be worth the paper it was written on. . . . A great industrial nation in the center of the European plain ... cannot remain neutral . If weak, it will be dominated oy one side or the other; if strong, it will make its own terms for taking sides. . . . Either it goes completely one way or the other ... or it remains divided. The first alternative means a maior political reverse for Moscow -it the Western world and there fore must be ruled out in any circumstances short of war. Logic thus leads inexorably to the conclusion that Germany will have to remain divided for some time. . . .” It is true that Western gov ernments have never had a Ger man policy. “The Economist” does not answer, but simply dis misses, the idea that Germany should be neutralized. It cannot be. Ergo, there is no solution except continued lack of one. If by neutralization is meant a militarily unprotected Ger many, “The Economist” is correct. The struggle for the domination of Germany would continue, along with division— and the problem of Which way Germany? be decided only by war. But why should a Ger many able to protect her neu trality “make her own terms for taking sides”? Whatever those terms were would also mean war. And why should anyone assume that any terms, which either the So viets or the West might offer Germany, would be sufficiently favorable to induce the Ger mans to make their country again a battleground? And why cannot a great industrial na tion remain neutral? Because she is a great industrial nation? For over a hundred years ' neutrality was the fundamental American policy—and the Unit ed States, in that time, became a much stronger power than Germany. Today Germany is not a great state in relation to what faces her, east and west —the Soviet Union and asso ciates, and the Atlantic com munity. No matter what either alli ance might offer her, the choice would mean a war in which she would be only a second-string ally. As a neutral constitutional ly enjoined against aggression, or engaging in any military alliances, but able to defend a neutrality recognized by both blocs, it would be wholly to her advantage, politically and eco nomically, to maintain that status—and to the advantage of all to recognize it, provided that peace is what the rival governments really desire. But we suspect that West and East want peace and things in compatible with peace. A corre spondent, criticizing our ad vocacy of German neutrality, let the cat out of the bag in this Phrase, “I venture to say that Germany could not adopt neu trality (because) her neighbors would not permit such vast as sets to go to waste.” Go to waste? There are well over 60,000,000 Germans living in an area one-fifth smaller than pre-Hitler Germany, on agriculturally inferior land, and with no natural industrial re source except coal. Prewar Ger many, with the agricultural provinces it has since lost, could not feed itself; today’s Germany can come nowhere near it. It must also import raw materials in order to export. Germany’s vast assets are non-existent in nature. Her assets are superior industrial ingenuity and a hard-working and work-loving population. t These assets alone made her a formidable rival of Britain and France, and cause both countries to wish to check her by retain ing controls. A neutral Germany at peace with the world would use its assets to raise the living standard of Germans, competing for raw materials and markets and, if it were intelligent, keep ing most of its citizen defenders —as the Swiss do—within, and not part from, the productive system. Thus we suspect that behind the opposition to German neu trality is the thought that Ger many would revive, not as a 1 military menace, but as an in dustrial competitor. For Eu rope it may look cheaper to keep Germany divided, and on Amer ican relief, even if the price is no peace. (Released by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.) I SJMmm ^k7«\ ■ &MLJ For a Fresher Outlook LOUIE —By Harry Hanan —-"—"—n it I Henry McLemore: Athenians Laugh at Charge That Put Abductor in Jail ATHENS.—Much of the talk over the coffee cups of the out door cafes here still centers about Costas Kephaloyannis. As the readers of front pages everywhere know, Costas is the dashing, mustachioed Cretan who abducted the love of his life, Tassoula Petracogeorgis, and thereby came close to bringing civil war to the island of Crete. Costas is in jail now, starting a two-year sentence, and almost every one agrees that he was “railroaded,” and that such a proved “palikari” shouldn’t have been treated in such a manner. To be a "palikari” means everything to a man in Crete, I have learned since getting here. The word has no counterpart in English. A palikari is tough, without being a bully. He car ries a chip as big as an epaulette on his shoulder, but doesn't dare> you to knock it off. Heaven help you, however, if you do. A palikari must have a dash of the cavalier in him, and the romantic streak in him must be as wide as the yellow streak isn't. In Crete, Costas is known as palikari No. 1. He comes from Annoghia, at the foot of Mount Ida (legendary home of Zeus), the toughest town in Crete, which means just about the toughest town in the world. Annoghia was the center of resistance in Crete in World War II and the Germans, after finding that a whole regiment couldn't keep the handful of palikaris under control, finally shelled it to the ground. Gen. Kreige, Nazi commander of Crete, who was kidnaped by the British (see the book “111 Met by Moonlight”) was first hidden in a cave near Costas’ home town. Costas was a mem ber of the kidnaping party, and it was to one of the caves where the general had been secreted that Costas later hid with his beloved Tassoula. “Ninety per cent of the mar ried women on Crete were ab ducted by their husbands, and the other 10 per cent say they were,” Athenians will tell you. “No Cretan woman wants to admit that her husband wasn’t enough of a palikari to take her off by force.” But what makes the Athe nians laugh is the charge that Costas finally went to jail on. namely, carrying weapons and leading an armed band. “I’d bet you,” an Athenian told me, “that you’d be hard put to find any male in Crete over 12 years of age who doesn't know how to use a firearm of some sort. Most of them start packing pistols around 9 or 10, which they consider a good age to start beginning to be a palikari.” Another phase of Costas’ trial Which Athenians say made it tough on the fellow is that Tas soula’s father (who hates the Kephaloyannis clan w'orse than poison) is an influential Liberal, and the Liberals are in power, not the Populists, or Royalists, to which party Costas and his family are loyal. The feeling here is that the feud between the two families, which has been going on a long time, will really get into high now. (Distributed by McNaught Syndicate. Inc.) / -M r m 3J\±eL Lipstick by ! //// 17 beauty-right shades that • give you new lip-allure! r% 4 color-ri^ht cases that har .• monize with your costume! Yes. you can be lovelier if —without extravagance \ with Park &■ Tilford Cosmetics. They are superior in quality .: i superfine in color and texture ... excii what they do fc TRAVEL. TRAVEL. 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Lonstontine Brown: Bad News for the Military Industrial Disorders in Spain Could Hinder Plans of Eisenhower for European Defense Disturbances are reported to have broken out in Barcelona, Spain’s most important indus trial city A strike followed by street riots in that second largest city of Spain were caused by the in creasing cost of living and the prospect that about 650,000 per sons, most of them employed in cotton mills, will become un employed in the next few weeks because of the lack of cotton. While this may be pleasing news for those who oppose the Franco regime, it is highly un welcome news for Gen. Eisen hower and all other military planners among the Atlantic pact nations. Spain is not a member of that organization and is not likely to be accepted, for political reasons, by Western European nations. But from the military stra tegic point of view that country is regarded as one of the highly important assets in the general defense plan for Europe. And the military planners know that a country which is not healthy economically is unlikely to be of real assistance in the event of a general conflict with the Rus sians and their satellites. This was one of the reasons for building up the free nations economically and also the reason why this country has come to Marshal Tito’s assistance in recent months by providing him with millions of dollars for food when the Yugoslav crops failed. Because it was evident that a serious crisis may break out in Spain, Congress last summer approved a loan of $65 million to Spain through the Export Import Bank. This legisla tion did not please the White House and the State Depart ment. President Truman ap proved it only reluctantly and said so publicly. Taking the cue, apparently, from the feelings which pre vailed among the Executive branch’s policy-makers, the Ex port-Import Bank was slow in granting the sums approved by Congress. Of the $65 million only $12,500,000 has been ap proved so far. Because of crop failures dur ing the last three years, Spain is in great need of food grains. Yet the Export-Import Bank did not provide any portion of the loan to be used for the purchase of wheat or corn in this country. There is a surplus of wheat in the United States. The admin istration is anxious for Con gress to approve a gift of 2 million tons of food grains to India. Administration spokes men argue that in spite of the Indian government’s hostile at titude in the United Nations, political considerations must not be permitted to affect humanitarian actions. But it appears to average observers that in applying this golden rule, what is sauce for the goose is not sauce for the gander. While we do not permit poli tics to influence our help to Communist Yugoslavia or to pro-Red-China India, we draw the line when Franco’s Spain is concerned. Because of an alleged ex pected shortage of cotton, the Agriculture Department has es tablished quotas for the export of that commodity. These quotas have a “political tinge.” By using the figures for the last three years in the establish ment of these quotas India can purchase much larger quanti ties of cotton than can Spain. * The reason is believed to be that prior to 1947 India got the bulk of her cotton from Pak istan. It was only after its political quarrel with that sis ter republic that the New Delhi government started buying cot ton in this country. During that period Spain has been able to buy little in the United States because of the dollar shortage. Spain’s quotas for the 1950-51 period was set at only 51.000 bales. It hap pens that Spain used to be one of this country’s best cotton markets. Her mills are tooled for the American type and not for long staple Egyptian cotton. When the Export-Import Bank wafe directed by law to extend Spain credits for $65 million, the Spanish government hoped that it could purchase the needed cotton in this country. Now it has discovered that money for such a purpose is not available and at the same time it is faced with a quota established by the Agriculture Department, limiting its im ports drastically. Lowell Mellett: Time to Put Away Childish Things Senators Should Realize That We Have Grown Up And Abandon Sport of Twisting the Lion's Tail Now that we as a nation have grown up, so to speak, it would seem time to put away childish things. One such thing is the political sport of twisting the British lion's tale. Apart from the fact that the old gray lion ain’t w7hat she used to be and that the tail-twisting therefore is no longer a very brave busi ness, if it ever was, the world situation is too serious to per mit any deliberate fomenting of ill-will between Western friends and allies. As a young and upcoming country we could be forgiven the urge to flout the power of the world’s greatest empire, just to show we wrere not afraid of anybody. But now that we have become the great power ourselves we should live up to our full re sponsibility as such. Yet on any dull day in the United States Senate you are likely to hear a Senator read ing a lecture to the British, re minding them of how much they owe us and suggesting what we ought to do to them if they don’t begin to behave in the manner we think they should. There has been a rash of this lately. Some of it has been no more intelligent, and perhaps no more sincere, than Big Bill Thompson’s famous campaigns for mayor of Chi cago on a platform of defiance to King George. Some of it is purely emotional, due to re sentment of the British recog nition of the Communist gov ernment of China. A favorite starting point of the recurring tirades is an occasional new report of British “trading with the enemy”—China or Russia. These attacks on Great Brit ain, of course, are really aimed at our own government, which is blamed for “not doing something about it.” Britain’s representatives in this country recognize this, but they do not enjoy the attacks the more for that reason. In any case the British Embassy has made available to American newsmen a statement on questions of the day, prepared “for the informa tion of British officials.” Concerning the recognition of the present Chinese regime, the statement says, in part: “The Chinese Communist gov ernment is in indisputable con trol of the whole mainland of China. We recognize the fact of this government’s control, and therefore this government, by the same reasoning by which we and the United States and other countries recognize the Soviet Union and recognized the authority of Hitler’s gov ernment of Germany and the government of Japan, even when we were at war with those countries. The fact of recognition . . . has nothing to do with approval ... we rec ognize the fact, distasteful as it may be.” On Chinese representation in the United Nations, the point is made that "China” already is a member, go there is no ques tion of “getting the Chinese in. The question is W'hich Chinese | representatives to recognize and ! we w'ould prefer to recognize those which represent the bulk of Chinese territory.” As for trading with Russia, the satellites and China, the statement says: “To stop trade altogether would be an ad vanced form of economic wrar fare. Such a step would assume that actual war was both in evitable and imminent and would set up new and critical international tensions. Britain believes that present circum stances do not justify this pro cedure. “It should also be remem bered that through their trade with Russia many of the free countries are receiving ma terials necessary to their eco nomic strength and, thus, to their ability to rearm and de fend themselves. It will be re called that the United States itself has been receiving useful quantities of manganese from Soviet Russia.” These are only a few excerpts from a fairly long statement. It wouldn’t do the mischievous Senators any harm to read the whole document. IN NEW YORK ... FROM PENN STATION , TO YOUR HOTEL IN 3% MINUTES! <uteC cat fat/ r~ • i A frivol* both A circulating ic* wot** it 4-clotion radio ★ tip-coving Servtdor 7th Avenue and 31st Street (D'mttlf opposite form Stotiont NEW YORK CITY SEE Tout nttEMDtr TtAVU AGfM byCksfiake HE STARTED A RIOT... AND A CUSTOM. A Baltimorean displayed the first umbrella seen in the United States. One day in 1772, he appeared on the streets walking under one he had purchased from a ship which had just returned from India. At the sight, women became frightened, children stoned the man, horses ran away. The city watch man had to be called to quell the disturbance. Thus in Baltimore, the home of many great American “firsts,” was raised the first umbrella. THE FIRST DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. On March 22, 1775, a group of revolutionary pa triots gathered at Harford Town, now known as Bush, in Maryland, wrote and signed a Declara tion of Independence. This preceded the declara tion at Mecklenburg, North Carolina, by two months, and the Declaration of independence by the Continental Congress, July 4, 1776, by more than a year. The original manuscript of the Har ford Town declaration is still in existence. Tka Chesapeake 4c Potomac Telephone Company IT IS ALSO A FACT THAT ... the YELLOW PAGES of your Telephone Directory are a handy, accurate shopping guide. Suppose, for example, your automobile needs fixing. Just turn to the YELLOW PAGES, look up the heading “Automobile Repairing,” pick out the concern you want, and your problem’s solved. The YELLOW PAGES save you time and trouble. Use them often. You’ll find it—pays!