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Warring and Beard
Secret Probe Was Launched in 1948 United States Attorney George Morris Fay tod^y told the story behind the tax-dodging cases against Emmitt Warring and Sam Beard. The bureau said undercover agents had started checking on Warring's tax returns in July, 1948. Mr. Fay enlarged on that statement with this story: When the special grand jury investigation got under way in1 May, 1948, Mr. Fay collected the names of some 50 persons in the area who had reputations for gambling and asked the Internal Revenue Bureau for their tax re turns for 1945, 1946 and 1947. The bureau, he said, either sup plied the grand jury with the actual returns or photostats or i information on reported gross and net income, source of income, if listed, and taxes paid. Low Incomes Listed. In most cases the reported in comes rarely exceeded $20,000. In the cases of both Beard and War-, ring, the reported incomes were “not really substantial." Where the grand jury had ac tual information that the in comes exceeded what was re ported. Mr. Fay turned over the names to the intelligence unit of the bureau for investigation. Beard and Warring were among them. In July, 1948—less than a month after Mr. Fay had asked; for an investigation in the War ring case—Warring was called in by Treasury agents for an inter-i view. During the questioning. Warring was asked if he had a safety deposit box at the Hamil ton National Bank, as Mr. Fayi had reported. Warring said he did have such a box, and after checking with his lawyer, agreed to open it for the T-men. In the box, the agents found $240,000 in $1,000 bills and one $10,000 bill. That was the “break"' that started the long investiga-; tion and Mr. Fay’s office supplied other information as it reached the grand jury. Grand Jury Tips Used. In some other cases. Mr. Fay said, the Internal Revenue Bu reau slapped tax assessments on known gamblers as result of tips from the grand jury. He recalled one case where $50,000 was re covered in back taxes. "The Internal Revenue Bureau has really done an outstanding job of following through on these racket tax returns in this jurisdic tion," Mr. Fay said. "This was what we hoped for when the gambling investigation started." he added. "We knew it would take a long time when we started, but this was our ob jective. "We knew we couldn't arrest people in vast quantities. We felt the investigative agencies had to do the basic work. All we could do was try to direct the investi-. gation and then prosecute when j the results of the investigations were turned over to us.” L Musicians' Union Voles For Radio-TV Strike By the Associated Press HOLLYWOOD, Mar. 13.—Mem bers of the AFL Musicians’ Union,1 Local 47, voted unanimously to day to strike against radio and television networks at 6 p.m. (EST), tomorrow if such action is approved by Union President James Petrillo and the Interna tional Executive Board. Local officials said 850 members attended the meeting at which ac tion was taken to follow the lead of the New York local where union musicians have voted to strike to morrow . John Te Groen, president of the local here, said 400 members of the union have radio and televi sion work. He said the musicians have not had a pay increase since 1947 and have suffered from in creased living costs and increas-1 ing unemployment in the radio; and television fields. Officials of Local 47 said thej chief issue is wage increases. They; said a 30 per cent increase is being sought for staff musicians em-j ployed by radio stations and sim- j ilar boosts in other categories. Abdullah Reported Asking Truman Aid With France By the Associated Press LONDON, Mar. 13.—The Jordan Legation said today that King; Abdullah has appealed to Presi-1 dent Truman to intercede with France against its "harsh policy" in Morocco. The Legation said the telegram; was sent March 3. It accused France of bringing pressure on Sultan Sidi Moham med Ben Youssef of Morocco which “is both very regrettable and painful.” The dispute stemmed from a demand by France that the Sultan disavow the strongly nationalist Istiqlal (Independence) party of Morocco. The Sultan held out against this. Then several thou sand armed mountain tribesmen, w'ho oppose the Istiqlal, began massing around Rabat and Fez. The Sultan thereupon an nounced that he had come to an agreement with France, con temned the Istiqlal and removed several of its members from his cabinet. Occupant of Cabin Dies In Fire at Clinton, Md. A man was burned to death last night when fire destroyed his one-room frame cabin on Route 5 about a mile south of Clinton, Md. Firemen identified him as Ar thur Buckler, about 45, who lived alone at the cabin. Members of the Clinton Volunteer Fire De partment said the cabin was al most destroyed when they ar rived after neighbors reported the blaze. AT JUDICIAL CONFERENCE—Judge Henry E. Edgerton (left) with Chief Justice Vinson (center) and Chief Judge Bolitha J. Laws of the District Court here at today’s judicial conference of judges and lawyers. —Star Staff Photo. --- »• , .. ■■ - Warring (Continued From First Page.) agents began investigating War ring’s tax returns in July, 1943. As in the case of Beard, the dis coveries of the tax agents were re ferred to the Justice Department for possible criminal prosecution. In 1939 Warring was sentenced to a term of three to nine months in prison for income tax evasion. His brother Charles »Rags> and Leo Warring were let off with fines of $2,500 eachjan tax evasion charges. At that time, the Government charged the three brothers were operators of a $2 million a year numbers game bank. The three brothers were charged W'ith evading approximately $28, 000 in Federal income taxes over a three-year period. The District Assessor's Office lists only two properties here to Emmitt R. Waring: square 1800, lot 17, identified as 3900 Macomb street N.W., and square 37, lot 805, identified as 1115 Twenty-fourth street N.W. Sentenced for Jury Tampering. The first trial of the Warring brothers resulted in a hung jury. The second trial broke up in a mistrial when Judge Bolitha Laws was told attempts had been made to influence jurors. Emmitt Warring was sentenced to serve two years and two months in prison on a jury-tampering charge before his third trial started. After his release from prison, police believe Warring lost little time in regaining control over the numbers game racket. He has avoided any brushes with local police, but the size of his income attracted attention of un derworld gunmen, who invaded his home in January, 1950, and took $22,400 in cash and a diamond ring. N Gunmen Arrested Later. Three men identified as the gunmen were later arrested in New York and Pittsburgh and jailed for crimes in those cities. Warring was donunced over a Nation-wide radio network re cently by Broadcaster Robert Montgomery, who castigated Met ropolitan police for failing to ar rest local gambling bosses. Maj. Robert J. Barrett, superin tendent of police, has been quoted as offering an immediate promo tion to any policeman who could arrest Warring and make a case against him stand up in court. Richitt Incident Recalled. Warring was the central figure in a controversy that rocked the Police Department last March after Capt. Anthony Richitt re ported Warring had visited him in his office in the Third precinct and made a gesture which he took to indicate a promised payoff. The visit occurred after the House District Crime Committee reportedly asked Maj. Barrett for an explanation of the lack of gambling arrests in the third and seventh precincts where Warring reportedly operated. Capt. Richitt said Warring re ferred to Maj. Barrett as “the boss” and expressed a desire to co-operate with the third precinct commander. Jaunty, and looking much younger than his 43 years. War ring sparred with the committee when he was called before it. He flatly denied he had ever given money to a policeman or re quested any one to make a payoff for him. He also denied he had ever talked to Maj. Barrett about the Crime Committee’s interest in the lack of gambling arrests in the Georegtown precincts. Stood on His Rights. Warring blandly stood on his constitutional rights and refused to answer any questions relating to his business or the activities of his associates. He refused to let the committee look at his in come tax returns, but volunteered the information that he paid an employe of the Bureau of Inter nal Revenue to make out the re turns on the basis of information he furnished. Later Charles E. Ford, War ring’s attorney, told the commit tee that he was aware his client had a reputation in the commu nity as “a fair and honest gam bler.” Financier Leaves Million For Iron Curtain Refugees By tht Associated Press SANTA BARBARA, Calif, Mar. 13.—An international financier has left $1 million to help persons who have fled to free lands from ’’countries absorbed” by Russia. The will of William Zimdin, 71, who died March 4, was filed for probate yesterday and it set up a trust fund to aid refugees from tyranny. A native of Esthonia, Mr. Zimdin fled the Bolsheviks in 1917, then left Germany when Hitler came to power. He came here 10 years ago. He left another $1 million to relatives, including his wife, busi ness associates and servants. Judicial (Continued From First Page.) Youth Corrections Act which would include the District will be presented to the conference at a closed session this afternoon. In general, the Youth Correc tions Act provides a highly flex ible system for handling young offenders. It sets up a special youth board in the Justic Depart ment to which youthful offenders can be committed by the courts for indefinite periods up to six years for correctional treatment. If a judge decides the youth requires more than six years’ treatment he can commit him up to the maximum sentence for the offense. To guide him in his deci sion the judge may also request a full study of the offender’s case by a special group of experts set up for the purpose. The new setup gives great lati tude to authorities in the type of institutions to which offenders might be sent—ranging from in stitutions of maximum security down to special schools, farms and work camps. The offender could be released at any time authori ties find him ready to return to society. "Hailed Everywhere. “Taken all in all,” Mr. Bennett told the conference, “the act has been hailed everywhere as the most progressive step taken to ward the improvement of the ad ministration of justice. It is my honest hope that the District will' take measures to avail itself of this law and the facilities which it offers." Under the arrangement worked out oy the special committee, Mr. Bennett said, the District will pro vide its own facilities for handling offenders but could also contract with the Federal Government for the use of its institutions. This arrangement, he said, would not appreciably add to the tax burden of the District which now pays $600,000 a year for use of Federal facilities. Extension of the Federal act to the District received the indorse-; ment of Chief Justice Vinson who described the legislation as a great; step forward. The proposed amendment, he said, might make it possible for the District to “be again a model for the rest of the country in re spect to this legislation.” Considered Temporary. Leo A. Rover, former United States Attorney, and member of the District Parole Board, said the use of Federal institutions for treating District youth offenders is considered temporary. “The time will come,” he said, “when we will be able to secure enough funds to treat our own boys in our own way.” The conference also considered the possibility of setting up a separate court to handle domestic relations cases, now under the jurisdiction of District Court. The suggestion was opposed by Jean M. Boardman of the District Bar Association who declared that the present treatment of domestic cases here “is the most thorough and most intelligent anywhere in the United States.” The impor tance of such cases, he argued, is illustrated by the fact that “there is more money involved in matri monial cases than in all other types of civil cases heard in the courts.” Serious Backlog Cited. District Court judges who would like to rid themselves of domestic relations cases should remember that “jurisdiction is created for the American people and not for the pleasure of judges,” Mr. Boardman said. Other speakers pointed out that domestic relations cases compris ing one half of the civil cases heard by District Court judges create a serious backlog on court calenders. Leroy McKinney of the Wash ington Bar Association suggested that the speedup disposition of cases either a special court should be created on the Municipal Court level or that a special domestic relations branch of District Court shouud be set up. Soviet Parliament Votes Warmongering a Crime By th« Associated Press MOSCOW, Mar. 13.—The Su preme Soviet (Parliament) last night passed a law making war mongering a major crime. There was no opposition to the meas ure. passed in the presence of Prime Minister Stalin. The law said that spreading war propaganda “in any form whatsoever” is a crime against hu manity. The punishment: “Persons who are guilty of war propaganda shall be called to justice and condemned as the most heinous criminals.” The Soviet Union now applies the death penalty to crimes “against the state,” which would include this offense. Similar laws, carrying the death penalty in East Germany and China, have been passed in Soviet satellite coun tries. Mexico City Embassy Of Reds Pictured as Fleeing Spies' Haven (Continued From First Page.) had obtained information on a fabulous space ship plan. The witness said Rosenberg, an electrical engineer, had told him he got information on the “sky platform project” from “one of the boys”—not further identified. Greenglass described the space ship plan only briefly: “Julius said it was some large vessel on low gravity suspended between the moon and the earth, and as a satellite it traveled around the earth like the moon.” The purpose of the ship, or how far the project ever was advanced, if at all, was not explained. Gave A-Bomb Data in 1945. However, there has been talk of such an undertaking in scientific circles for some time. It might be used—if successful—as a platform for weapons, among other things. ureenglass said he gave the data on the newer type atom bomb to his brother-in-law in September, 1945, about a month after the earlier model was adopt ed on Hiroshima. The witness said he got his in formation while working at Los Alamos. Judge Irving R. Kaufman cleared spectators from the courtroom for a brief time after Greenglass men tioned casually that he had com piled a 12-page description of an atom bomb. The sketch, he said, was a duplicate of the one he had given Rosenberg. Asking the spectators and news papermen to leave, Judge Kauf man said he was acting "in the interests of national security.” Later he recalled newsmen and explained the information had been "declassified” by the Atomic; Energy Commission for trial pur poses. "We're going to trust to your good taste and judgment as to the publishing of portions of the testimony,” the judge said to re porters. However, he said the data w'ould be reclassified after the trial. He asked the court stenographer not to transcribe his shorthand notes.; Surprises in Testimony. Greenglass’ testimony on the atom bomb came near the end of the trial’s fifth day, and it con tained a number of surprises. He said the Hiroshima bomb— the first one dropped on Japan—| was “the only bomb of that type which was made.” He also related that Rosenberg had described for him in January, 1945, the Hiroshima bomb, which was not dropped until seven months latert-on August 6, 1945. Greenglass also testified that Rosenberg told him he had taken a proximity fuse while working as a Signal Corps inspector at an j DAVID GREENGLASS. Accused of passing atom secrets ' to Russia. —AP Wirephotos. DR. WALTER KOSKI. Brings new light to atom spy trial. Emerson radio plant and had given it to the Russians. Defense counsel protested that i this testimony was “inflamma tory” and demanded a mistrial, but Judge Kaufman denied the motion. Greenglass also brought up the name of Harry Gold—the first mention during the trial of the Philadelphia bio-chemist who has been sentenced to 30 years in prison for espionage. Lens Mould Sketches. The witness said he had given Gold and Rosenberg sketches of a highly confidential high explosive lens mould used in the making of atom bombs. Greenglass sketched what he said were copies of drawings he turned over to Rosenberg and Gold. Dr. Walter Koski, Johns Hop kins University physical chemist, examined the copies. He said they were sufficient to give an expert essential information on what was going on at Los Alamos. In fact, the scientist said, they were "substantially accurate rep licas” of sketches he himself had drawn while working at Los Ala mos in 1944 and 1945. Illustrated Principles. Dr. Koski said the sketches | were used in a Los Alamos ma chine shop — where Greenglass was employed. Looking at one sketch, Dr. Koski said: “It does illustrate the important principles involved.” One of these principles, he said, was the use of an explosive lens to produce a "symmetrical converg ing explosion wave.” He said also the lens was con cerned with "implosions,” in which the force concentrates and increases, unlike an explosion,' in which the force is exerted in gen- j eral outward directions. “Was implosion one of the re actions implicit in the atomic bomb?” asked United States At torney Irving Saypol. “Yes,” said Dr. Koski. Auto Makers Protest Plan to Treble U. 5. Tax on New Cars Ey the Associated Prost Automobile manufacturers pro tested today that trebling the Federal tax on new cars would im pose a fantastic burden on a major industry geared directly into America’s industrial and busi ness life. The industry’s objections to the proposed tax boost were presented to the House Ways and Means Committee by A. E. Barit. He is president of the Hudson Motor Car Co. and chairman of the Tax ation Committee of the Automo bile Manufacturers’ Association. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder proposed last month that the manufacturers’ tax on new cars be increased from the pres ent level of 7 per cent to 20 per cent. Mr. Barit told the Tax-drafting Committee the existing Federal levies on automobiles already are “highly discriminatory.” Taken in conjunction with other Federal. State and local ta.xes on the auto industry, he said, the taxes on the average new passenger car rep resent 24 per cent of the price paid by the motorist. If the ex cise rate goes up to 20 per cent, he said, the proportion of taxes will rise to almost one-third of the total delivered price. — : Trujillo Controls Imports CIUDAD, Trujillo.—The Do minican Republic has placed automobiles, tires, spare parts, and steel in any form under im port control. Austrian Citfes Plan Fait* INNSBRUCK, Austria.—Austri an trade fairs will be held this year at Vienna, Graz, Dornbirn and Innsbruck. Pianist Bauer Dies; Internationally Known For His Concert Work By the Associated Pres* MIAMI, Fla., Mar. 13.—Harold Bauer, internationally-known con cert pianist, died yesterday at the age of 77. He had been in a hospital since mid-January with a heart condi tion and a kidney ailment. A widely known interpreter of Brahms, Schumann and Franck, he spent the autumn of his life teaching and lecturing at music schools across the country. He had been wintering in Miami for several years serving as music counsellor to the University of Miami School of Music. His permanent home was at St. James, Long Island. Born in London, the young Bauer started out as a violin prodigy and made several success ful European tours before switch ing to the piano. He made his debut in Paris in 1893 and first appeared in the j United States in 1900 with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Later he was guest soloist with! most of the famous orchestras of: the world Survivors include his widow, the j former concert pianist, Winnie: Pyle. Italian Premier in Britain, Bids (or World Recognition By the Associated Press LONDON, Mar. 13.—Alcide de Gasperi first Italian Premier to! visit Britain since Benito Musso- I lini’s visit 28 years ago, arrived; last night for talks designed to re store his nation as a world power.1 With him was Count Carlo! Sforza, his foreign minister, rein forced bj a small staff of advisers whose composition reflected the general nature of the scheduled three-day discussions. Mrs. Mary C. Chrisman, D. C. Resident, Dies Mrs. Mary C. Crisman, 67, a lifelong resident of Washington, died Sunday at Sibley Hospital after a month's illness. She lived at 231 Missouri avenue N.W. Mrs. Chrisman was born in the old Washington Barracks, now Fort Lesley J. McNair. Her par ents were Army M Sergt. Henry H. Newman and the former Mary Muelstein. She attended South west schools. Mrs. Chrisman had been em ployed as a seamstress at Raleigh Haberdasher for more than 20 years. She was the wife of Harry Chrisman, who was associated with the Calvert & Rogers Moving Co. before nis death 17 years ago. She was a member of the Pa triotic Order of America and at tended Westminster Memorial Presbyterian Church. Surviving are a sister, Mrs. Jeremiah Flaherty, wife of Capt. Flaherty head of the Police Homicide Squad; seven nieces and a nephew. Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. tomorrow at her residence. Burial will be in Prospect Hill Cemetery. Plane Crash Story Named Wrong Owner By th« Associated Press ONTARIO, Calif., Mar. 13.— J. T. Caswell, operations manager of Pacific Overseas Airlines, which has headquarters here, said yes terday that the plane which crashed in Hong Kong Sunday, killing 26 persons, belonged to Pa cific Overseas Airlines, Siam Limited. Mr Caswell said Pacific Over seas Airlines sold its Siam inter ests to Siamese Airways in Decem ber, 1948. 4n Associated Press dispatch Sunday erred in saying the plane belonged to Pacific Overser* Airlines. AMERICAN—^ to CHICAGO 3 SC-6 NONSTOP FLIGHTS Morning, Noon, Night What is Margaret Truman a • Why did the President’s daughter turn down Charles Boyer, Joe DiMaggio, and Ezio Pinza as escorts to a party? What’s the real reason her concerts are such tremendous successes? Is it her voice . . . her personality ... or her position? Much has been written about Margaret, but nothing as warm and intimate as Leonard Lyons’ revealing article on America’s most famous young woman, Margaret Truman. It’s in the new issue of Look magazine . . . with the cover featuring the beautiful Faith Domergue, and the appealing Margaret Truman. Get your copy today! t Doiit miss the Look i All America Basketball Team I | Now ... you can see what players from your section are featured in the I I famous Look All-America — selected by 430 top sportswriters and PI sportscastcrs. Read what Look says about Sherman White and Le Roy Smith of L.I.U.... what Look said last year to the colleges about “fixed” games ... and the drastic suggestions by Tim Cohane to prevent bribery. For the complete picture story of college basketball today, get Look! in GERMANY Will rearming West Germany provoke Russia to attack now? Will mobilization of Western Europe wreck the free world's economy? And will a rearmed Germany prove an even big ger future threat than Russia? These questions are of tre- * mendous importance to every American. Read the full story on this vital subject by Stephen White, European Editor for Look, in the new issue now on sale.