Columbia U. Instructor
Charged With Perjury
In Atom Spy Case
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Mar. 15.—William
Perl, 32-year-old Columbia Uni
versity physics instructor, was ar
rested by the FBI last night on
A Federal grand jury, in an in
dictment returned Tuesday but
not made public pending his ar
rest, accused him of lying about
his relationship with alleged
A spokesman at the office of
United States District Attorney
Irving Saypol described Perl as
“one of the two top scientists in
the field of aerodynamics.”
Mr. Saypol refused to discuss the
He said he would “defer any
comment” until Perl’s arraign
ment* in Federal Court today.
Under Investigation for Months.
J. Edgar Hoover, director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation,
said Perl had been under investi
gation since shortly after the ar
rest of Harry Gold in May, 1950.
The indictment charged Perl
with four counts of perjury in con
nection with testimony he gave
on August 18 and September 11,
1950, in which he denied acquaint
ance with Julius Rosenberg and
Morton Sobell, on trial in New
York on espionage charges. Perl
also denied knowing other indi
viduals who figured in the trial,
the Justice Department said.
A spokesman in the New- York
prosecutor’s office said the indict
ment also accused Perl of lying
about his “association and friend
ship * • • with Helen Elitcher,
wife of Max Elitcher, the first
Government witness, and with
Anne and Michael Sidorovich, who
have been mentioned in the case
Changed Name in 1945.
The spokesman added that Perl
"is supposed to have gone to school
with Sobell, Rosenberg and Elitch
er. He was a roommate . of
Sobell’s in Washington in 1940.”
Perl was bom in 1918 in New
York under the name of Mutter
perl, and changed his name by
court order in 1945, the FBI said.
The FBI said Perl’s father was
a native of Russia and his mother
a native of Poland. They are
naturalized American citizens.
The department announcement
said Perl attended high school in
the Bronx, New York, and received
a bachelor’s degree .in electrical
engineering at City College of New
York in 1938. At CCNY he was a
classmate of Rosenberg and So
bell, Mr. Hoover said.
Joined Columbia Last Year.
Mr. Hoover added that from
1939 to 1943 Perl was employed
by the National Advisory Commit
tee for Aeronautics at Langley
Field, Va„ and during 1944-45 he
worked for NACA at the Lewis
Flight Propulsion Laboratory in
After a brief leave of absence,
Perl was re-employed by NACA
as an aeronautical research sci
entist at Cleveland where he had
access to the latest developments
in the field of areonautics, and jet
propulsion. The FBI said he re
signed on September 1, 1950, to
become an instructor at Columbia
University. Perl lives with his wife
in New York.
Cows Banned From City
IPOH, Malaya. (JP)—Cattle no
longer can graze in the streets of
this tin mining center. The town
council put up a “non-grazing”
sign because cattle had caused
traffic difficulties and their hoof
marks created breeding grounds
for flies and mosquitoes.
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Second Ex-Alien Charged
By Britain as Czech Spy
By the Associated Press
LONDON. Mar. 15.—Britain has
charged a second former alien
with spying for Czechoslovakia.
He faces loss of his British citizen
Antonin Raidl, 58, glass and
bottle merchant, was accused yes
terday of hiding the fact that he
earned the equivalent of $98 a
month for funelling intelligence
material to Prague.
Raidl, who was bom in Bo
hemia when it was under Aus
trian rule, was accused before a
“deprivation of nationality com
mittee” in court by Attorney Gen
eral Sir Hartley Shawcross.
Tuesday the same committee
accused another former Czech
alien, Carl Strauss, of earning the
equivalent of $125 a month for
performing similar services.
Mrs. Greenglass Says Reds Paid Rosenberg for Spy Work
By th« Associated I rest
NEW YORK, Mar. 15.—Mrs.
Ruth Greenglass testified at the
atom spy trial yesterday that her
accused brother-in-law, Julius
Rosenberg, told her he was get
ting money from the Russians.
The witness said both Rosen
berg and his wife Ethel plotted
to deliver atom bomb secrets to
the Soviet Union.
The Rosenbergs and Morton
Sobell, a radar expert, are charged
with conspiring to spy for Russia
during wartime—an offense car
rying a possible death penalty.
Mrs. Greenglass related in Fed
eral Court the part she and her
husband David played in the al
leged atom spy conspiracy.
Greenglass, a former Army ser
geant, has confessed taking atom
secrets from the Los Alamos
(N. Mex.) atom bomb project and
giving them to a Red spy ring.
He is awaiting sentence.
Mrs. Greenglass testified the
Rosenbergs first proposed that her
husband, Mrs. Rosenberg’s broth
November, 1944—just before she
left to visit him at Los Alamos.
When she got there she said
“I told my husband it was wrong
—that we shouldn’t be the de
ciding authority” on supplying the
information to Russia.
When Judge Irving R. Kaufman
inquired, “did you ever ask him
(Rosenberg) where the money was
coming from?” Mrs. Greenglass
"He said from his friends. . . .
in another conversation later he
said the Russians."
While they were visiting New
York in September, 1945, Mrs.
Greenglass testified, Rosenberg
told her husband he wanted the
information he had immediately.
Opposed Spy Role.
She said after the meeting she
told her husband she did not want
er, turn atom spy for Russia in
him to give the information to
"The bomb had already been
dropped on Hiroshima,” she said,
“and I realized what it was and
didn’t think it should be passed
| in this Trying World
^ For o Fresher Outlook
MRS. RUTH GREENGLASS.
on to the Russians. But David in
sisted on going tnrough with it.”
Under cross examination Mrs.
‘‘I felt we had taken something
into our hands that we weren’t
equipped to handle, something be
yond our knowledge to under
"I told my husband that I
wanted to go to the FBI with the
story. But everything died down
and nothing ever came of it.”
Polio Virus Found in '09
It was not until 1909 that
investigators discovered that in
fantile paralysis was caused by a
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