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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 10, 1951, Image 1

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Amusements ..B-16 Lost and Found A-3
Classified — B-18-24 Obituary_A-12
Comics ... B-26-27 Radioi-TV _B-25
Editorial_A-10 Sports_A-13-15
Edit’l Articles-.A-11 Woman’s
Finance _A-17 Section _B-3-6
Lgj»_New York Morkets, Poge A-17._ _^Associated Press Newspaper
< ~ i i ■ ■ M ■ | ——M—— I ■— in . i—i ■ ■ . . ... -ii ■ l I———
99th Year. No. 100, Phone ST. 5000*★ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 10, 1951—FORTY-SIX PAGES. 5 CENTS
MacArthur Seeks Freer Hand
And More Troops, Stands Pat
On Views in Parley With Pace
Denies That Army
Secretary Gave
Him Reprimand
By Russell Brines
Auociottd Press Foreign Correspondent
TOKYO, April 10.—Gen. Mac
Arthur made it plain to his supe
riors today that he intends to keep
right on fighting for a freer hand
in the Korean war.
He authorized a spokesman to
deny sharply reports that Army
Secretary Prank Pace, jr„ nad
reprimanded him for recent public
statements deemed to be verging
on politics.
The spokesman added that since
the reports were carried by a Brit
ish news agency, Reuters, “prob
ably the wish was father to the
With some British voices al
ready clamoring for Gen. Mac
Arthur’s scalp, this seemed like
fresh defiance from the United
Nations commander in chief.
Stands Pat on Views.
Informed sources also said Gen.
MacArthur stood pat during a
two-hour conference yesterday
with Mr. Pace on views that have
provoked a storm of controversy in
Washington, London, Paris and
These views Include belief that
an all-out war must be waged
against communism wherever the
threat appears; that it would be a
mistake to neglect Asia in order
to emphasize defense of Europe.
He is understood to have asked
Mr. Pace for more troops.
Informed sources said Gen.
MacArthur not only had asked Mr.
Pace for more troops but for
greater latitude in fighting the
Korean war.
(Presumably Gen. MacArthur
sought the right to bomb Chi
nese bases in Manchuria, which
are supply heads for Communist
troops in Korea. Gen. Mac
Arthur has railed frequently at
1419 (/iivucgcu oaawtuai j u*
Critics have accused Gen. Mac
Arthur of departing from purely
military problems to engage in
discussions of a political nature.
Fights for Sincere Belief.
Just what is MacArthu trying
to do? From this war-conscious
Capital it appears that he is fight
ing for a sincere belief in a mili
tary necessity.
The general obviously believes
what he says: That U. N. forces
can win in Korea only by expand
ing the war to Red China: that
otherwise the Allies face a devas
tating stalemate.
There are growing indications
that the general and his aides are
appealing to American public
opinion, either over or around the
administration. For one thing, a
close check of editorial comment
is made here.
Officers say the general’s views
are becoming increasingly popu
lar. They insist also that he is
speaking of military necessity,
with no intention of embarrassing
the Truman administration.
The issue is much older and
embraces more than the imme
diate point of whether Red China
should be bombed and Chinese
Nationalist troops employed. It
involves the fundamental question
of whether the Western powers
should concentrate on Europe’s
defense to the relative exclusion
of Asia.
It concerns basic differences
between the thinking of American
miltary men and diplomats.
For Gen. MacArthur, this is an
old battle and not merely a
month-old controversy. It goes
back to the early bitter days of
the Pacific war when Gen. Mac
Arthur was by-passed in favor of
The general has hammered
consistently during the past
(See PACE, Page A-6.)
White House Cancels
Cocke Appointment
A White House appointment for
Erie Cocke, jr„ American Legion
commander, was canceled a few
hours after the Legion head sup
ported Gen. MacArthur in a press
interview. President Secretary
Joseph Short told reporters today.
In the interview Mr. Cocke said
Gen. MacArthur is handicapped
by administration policy in fight
ing the Korean war. He urged
the use of Chinese Nationalist
forces against the Reds as Gen.
MacArthur has advocated.
Mr. Short said about 10:30 a.m.
yesterday Mr. Cocke called the
White House and said he had just
returned from Rome and would
like to talk to the President before
making any statement to the
press. An engagement was made
for today.
A couple of hours later, Mr
Short said news tickers carried in
terviews in which Mr. Cocke “in
‘formed reporters of what he in
tended to tell the President.”
“At this point,” Mr. Short con
tinued, “it seemed unnecessary for
him to have the appointment and
the appointment was canceled.”
Mr. Cocke is scheduled to have
a conference with Defense Secre
tary Marshall later today.
4 I
Truman Wrestles With Issue;
Recall Is Reported Ruled Out
Consideration Declared Being Given
To Reprimand for Far East Commander
President Truman and his top
advisers continued today to wrestle
with the ticklish problem of what
to do about Gen. MacArthur as
some reports suggested the Penta
gon would be given the chore of
reminding the Far Eastern com
mander anew to cease intruding
in high policy matters.
The White House and the Pen
tagon maintained a strict "no
Sir Oliver Expresses British View Privately
on MacArthur Case. Page A-3
The Third Installment of 'The Riddle of
MacArthur" Appears on Page A-3
Columnists Constantine Brown, Deris
Fleeson and David Lawrence Evaluate
the MacArthur Issue. Page A-11
comment" attitude toward the
controversy stirred up by Gen.
MacArthur’s public statement last
week that the war against com
munism lies in Asia rather than
in Europe as practically the whole
administration has been em
Usually well-informed sources
said Mr. Truman, while thorough
ly aroused by Gen. Mac Arthur’!
airing publicly his disagreement
with the administration over where
to meet the threat of Commu
nism, had ruled out any drastic
action such as recalling the five
star general.
However, it was said that some
consideration is still being giver
to a possible reprimand. Such ac
tion, it was indicated, could be
carried out, at the President’s di
rection, by Gen. J. Lawton Col
lins. the Army Chief of Staff. Once
| in the past Gen. Mac Arthur wae
; directed to clear any statements
I bearing on policy with Washing
Gen. MacArthur’s views on the
war in Asia were expressed in a
letter to Representative Martin
Republican, of Massachusetts anci
made public during the House de
bate last week on the draft and
universal training legislation.
They stirred up a widespread
controversy which continued to
seethe today with these develop
1. Senator Ferguson, Repub
(See MacARTHUR, Page A-6.)
Reds' Mortar Fire
Stops Allies Along
Shore of Reservoir
Communists Defending
Big Hydroelectric
Plant With Barrage
By th« Aueciatcd Nil
TOKYO, April 10.—Allied troops
reached the southern shores of
the sprawling Hwachon Reservoir
today but heavy mortar Are
stopped them short of the big
North Korean dam and hydro
electric plant.
Associated Press War Corre
spondent Tom Bradshaw reported
from the central front battle
ground that the water behind the
dam still is about 200 feet deep.
The Reds opened 10 of the reser
voir’s 18 floodgates yesterday in a
try to halt the Allied drive. But
water quickly subsided to near
normal levels in the Pukhan River,
reservoir outlet.
American units paced the Allies’
assault on the dam. The Commu
nists fought back with a steady
barrage of mortar shells.
Mr. Bradshaw said it was be
lieved the Chinese lacked the
equipment necessary to blow the
Russian-type Jet Downed.
In the air American F-86 Sabre
jets shot down one Russian-type
MIG-15 jet fighter and damaged
another. The air battle was fought
at low level over ‘‘MIG alley” near
Sinuiju, in Northwest Korea.
Other 5th Air Force planes today
flew close support missions for the
Allied infantry and continued
their dawn-to-dusk attacks on
Red supply lines.
Bitter Communist resistance was
reported from the Western front
as Allied patrols probed deeper
into Red Korea. Intelligence le
ports said the Reds were sending
more troops to this sector.
On the East Coast Allied war
ships hammered Communist sup
ply dumps and traffic routes. There
was no report of ground contact
on this front.
Today’s heaviest fighting swirled
near the Hwachon Reservoir.
American tanks rumbled north
ward on the Chunchon-Hwachon
road through the narrow Pukhan
River Gorge. They were putting
the squeeze on 200-300 Reds who
had been driven back into a nar
row neck of land between the
western end of the dam and the
river. _
Battle Diehard Reds.
On a 15-mile front to the east,
Allied infantrymen ran into die
hard Communist forces. The Reds
opened up with mortar, machine
gun and artillery fire.
About 800 Reds dug in south of
the reservoir threw a heavy mor
tar barrage at advancing Ameri
can troops. Other Red units at
tacked French troops driving on
the reservoir’s eastern tip.
The Communist jet fighter shot
down today was the sixth de
stroyed by the Sabre jets this
month. Seventeen MIGs have
been damaged, one of them in a
brief mix with four F-80 Shooting
Stars over Chongju in Tuesday’s
second jet air battle.
The 5th Air Force flew more
than 200 sorties by noon today
They were after the 1,800 Com
munist vehicles spotted moving
south last night.
Czechs Execute Three
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, April
10 (jP).—Three men were put tc
death here today for high treasor
and murder. They had been con
victed by the Communist regime’s
state court at Vaslav, about 40
miles east of Prague, March 15.
Scientist Brunauer
And Wife Suspended
From Federal Jobs
Navy Initiates Action
Against Couple Called
Reds by McCarthy
8tephen Brunauer, Navy scient
ist and explosives expert, and hi;
wife, Mrs. Esther Caukin Bru
nauer, a State Department official,
were suspended from Government
service today.
Both were the targets of pro
Communist charges by Senator
McCarthy, Republican, of Wiscon
sin. last year.
The Navy Department acted
first to suspend Mr. Brunauer whc
held the rank of commander dur
ing the war and later assumed hi;
status as a civilian scientist.
A short time later the State De
partment announced suspension ol
Mrs. Brunauer, who serves as a
liason officer with the United Na
tions Scientific and Cultural Or
Based on Navy Action.
First word of the suspension;
came from the State Department
Carlisle H. Humelsine, Deputy
Undersecretary of State for Ad
ministration, announced “suspen
sion of Mrs. Esther Caukin Bru
nauer because of information re
ceived that the Department of the
Navy had suspended her husband
Stephen Brunauer, under Navy
Department loyalty and security
Mr. Humelsine said that Mrs
Brunauer’s suspension from the
State Department was “taken au
tomatically pending the outcome
of the Department of the Navy
action concerning Mr. Brunauer.’
He emphasized that Mrs. Bru
nauer’s suspension “results from
action taken by the Navy in regard
to her husband and not from any
information which has been re
ceived concerning her.”
Goes On Annual Leave.
Mrs. Brunauer is being permit
ted to take annual leave during
her suspension, which became
effective at 10 a.m. today.
The Navy Department did nol
make public the reasons for its
action against Mr. Brunauer and
the terms of his suspension are
not known.
Senator McCarthy, when he
leveled his charges against the
Brunauers, directed his heaviest
fire at Mrs. Brunauer. He ac
cused her of having engaged ir
Communist front activities “suffi
(See BRUNAUER, Page A-4.)
Late News
Two Killed in Plane Crash
Two men were killed and a
third seriously injured about
noon today in the crash of a
single-engined private plane
near Oakton, Fairfax County,
Va. The plane, from Green
ville, S. C., narrowly missed
hitting a house. The injured
man, Bennett S. Rose of Green
ville, was admitted to Arling
ton Hospital. The dead men
were not immediately identified.
4 Indicted in Bowie Bets
Four persons have been in
dicted on 10 counts ei^ch by a
Prince Georges County grand
jury in connection with “come
back bets” at Bowie Race Track.
Names of those charged were
withheld until they are in cus
tody. They are expected to sur
render to the court today or to
(Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
Sterling Hayden
Admits Joining
: Communists
Testifies He Entered
Party in June of '46
And Left in December
By L. Edgar Prina
Screen Actor Sterling Hayden
today told the House Committee
on Un-American Activities he
joined the Communist Party in
; June, 1946. but quit in December
of the same year.
The big blond former Marine
! Corps captain and winner of the
.Silver Star said that his experi
ences in the Office of Strategic
Services during World War II. in
| which he for many months
worked with the Yugoslav Parti
sans, had created the “turmoil in
his mind” which led him to the
He said he was recruited in
Hollywood by a woman named
Bea Winter, a secretary in his
agent’s office. He had said he
had been talking about his Yugo
slav experiences and the fact that
he wanted to do “something for
a better world” when she asked
“Why don’t you stop talking
and join the Communist Party?”
Assigned to “Back Lot” CelL
Mr. Hayden said his first reac
tion was that “this is ridiculous,”
but that he signed a party appli
cation at that time.
He said he was assigned to a
cell made up of "back lot” work
ers from several movie studios.
"I was told that for security
reasons I could not be in a cell
with any prominent people in the
industry,” the witness testified.
He also testified that he knew
Actress Karen Morley and Screen
writer Robert Lees to have been
Communists at that time. A com
mittee subpoena has been issued
for Miss Morley, but committee
investigators have been unable tc
reach her. Mr. Lees has been
served and will appear later, in the
week. *
Mr. Hayden is former husband
of Screen Star Madeline Carroll.
Following him to the stand this
week will be: J. Edward Bromberg,
Will Geer and Victor Killian,
actors; Anne Revere, actress;
Richard Collins, Harold Buchman,
Waldo Salt, Robert Lees and Paul
Jarricho, screen writers, and Meta
Reis Rosenberg, Fred Graff and
Sam Moore, who were not further
Tells Why He Quit Party.
Asked by committee counsel why
he quit the Communist Party, Mr.
Hayden replied:
“First let me say I don’t want
to make any apologies. Certainly
it was the stupidest and most ig
norant thing I have ever done. 1
went into it with a very emotional
and unsound approach.
“One thing that decided me
against it once and for all was
the whole business and manner in
which everything is predetermined.
I thought from my Yugoslav ex
perience they had a form of de
mocracy in mind, but it took me
only a couple of months to be con
vinced they thought they had ‘the
key’ to all problems. When I knew
that I decided to get out and I got
Lectured on Yugoslavs.
His contact with the Yugoslavs,
he said, had a terrific impact on
him, and led him to believe he
should try to do something to bet
ter the world.
Later, he recounted, he con
tacted an old acquaintance, a
Capt. Warwick Tompkins. He said
Tompkins was an avowed Com
munist. Mr. Hayden said that
Tompkins took him around to
various functions "where I spoke
about Yugoslavia” for about a
At the conclusion of his testi
mony the actor said that he had
heard there “were many, many
thousands of ex-Communists in
the country” who don’t know
what to do about it.
•‘Perhaps there is some way by
a law to enable them to get this
thing off their chests, because,
believe me, it’s an awful load to
carry around,” he said.
Air Bases Join Drive to Help
Morningside Crash Victims
A fund-raising movement was
gaining momentum today in the
effort to aid M/Sergt. and Mrs.
Samuel R. Snyder, whose home
was destroyed Sunday in the
Morningside (Md.) plane crash
that snuffed out the lives of their
two children.
The spontaneous action swelled
from Morningside to Bolling and
Prince Georges Jury Joins in Probe of
Fatal Crash. Page B-l
Andrews Air Force Bases even as
the victims lay injured in Bolling
Hospital, unaware of the sympa
thetic gesture.
It was started last night in the
tiny community of Morningside by
one of the Snyders’ neighbors,
Louis Oelbman, 5910 Skyline drive.
At the Idle Elite Club, near the
spot where the 7 bomber fell
Sunday before crashing into
the Snyder home, townspeople
gathered to protest the crash and
remained to agree the Snyders
should have a new home.
Carpenters and plumbers vol
unteered their services. Ralph
Daily, 210 Woodland drive, a roof
ing contractor, offered to furnish
all asbestos needed. As they died
out of the meeting, the residents
left $361 in a bucket as a starter.
After the meeting, a special ses
sion of the town council appointed
a committee to act as liaison be
tween the Snyders and the public,
rhe treasurer, Curtis Daily, was
appointed to receive all funds col
lected. Others on the commit.ee
were Mayor William Spahr; Law
rence Beardmore, the fire chief,
and Duncan Fleming, secretary.
At Bolling and Andrews Air
Force Bases a voluntary collection
of funds was started by top non
commissioned officers. In addi
tion, the Air Force Aid Society
was taking care of the Snyders’
immediate needs. Air Force offi
cials said the couple would not
want for anything.
The Evening Star will assist in
the general fund-raising by ac
cepting any donations and pass
ing them along to Mr. Deily, the
Momingside treasurer.
What's Wrong With This Picture? i
Dqyligfit Saving Time for D. C.
Voted by House, 278 to 115
Bill Sent to Senate Authorizes Change
Last Sunday in April for This Summer
. By Harold B. Rogers
The House, by a roll call vote of
278 to 115. today passed and sent
to the Senate legislation to au
thorize daylight saving time for
the District this summer only.
The bill authorizes the Commis
sioners to make daylight time
effective from the last Sunday in
April to the last Sunday in Sep
Swift action Is expected in the
Senate. Although the bill await
ing Senate action provides perma
nent authority for the city heads
to order fast time, there were re
ports that the 8enate might be
asked to act on the House bill and
lend it to the White House.
At any rate, the Senate already
has scheduled a vote for tomorrow
on its permanent authority bill.
If it passes that measure, the
separate bills will be sent to con
Ever since the end of World
War II, the House has won out
in its battle for one-year author
ity only.
Congress is acting on the annual
controversy earlier this year than '
last year. The House did not get
around to a final vote on daylight
saving last year until May 1, after ,
many other cities in the country 1
already had started daylight time.
A bitter fight to prevent the
House from approving daylight j
(See DAYLIGHT, Page A-4.) <
. ————— 1
Wolfson, Broadwater
Set Top Transit Jobs
As Merrill Retires
Head of Florida Group
Which Acquired Control
Is Board Chairman
By Donald B. Hadley
Louis E. Wolfson, 39-year-old
head of the Florida group that
acquired control of Capital Trans
it Co. in September, 1949, today
became board chairman of the
company, while an associate, John
A. B. Broadwater, became presi
Their election took place after
the annual stockholders’ meeting
it which Edward D. Merrill for
mally announced his retirement as
board chairman and president
after serving the company 15
years. Mr. Merrill was re-elected
a director.
Robert S. Harvey was elected
vice president and controller of
the company to succeed J. Edward
Heberle, who retired, but also will
remain on the board. S. E. Mc
Cormick was elected treasurer to
succeed C. B. Koontz, another
veteran executive, who retired.
Other Officers Named.
John B. Ecker, formerly assist
ant general manager, was elected
assistant to the president. Re
jected as officers were E. Cleve
land Giddings, vice president; Do
ran S. Weinstein, vice president
ind secretary; R. T. Powell, assist
ant secretary, and S. E. Emmons,
general manager. All 15 of the di
rectors also were re-elected.
Mr. Wolfson, in an informal dis
:ussion with reporters following
the stockholders’ meeting, said he
(See TRANSIT, Page A-4.)
British Parliament
Gets Biggest Budget
Ever for Peacetime
Chancellor of Exchequer
Proposes Expenditure of
4,197,000,000 Pounds
•y »h« Associated Press
LONDON. April 10.—Chancellor
of the Exchequer Hugh Gaitskell 1
today proposed an expenditure for I
1951-2 of £4.197,000,000 ($11,751,- i
000,000), the biggest budget in
Britain’s peacetime history.
Defense spending alone would 1
cost £1,490.000,000 ($4,172,000,000), '
Mr. Gaitskell told the House of
President Truman has proposed
a military budget of $41,421,000,- :
000 for American forces in the
1951 fiscal year. The Soviet Par
liament has adopted a record mili
tary budget of 96 billion rubles
for 1951, about $24 billion at the
Soviet evaluation of the ruble.
Holds Civilian Spending.
Mr. Gaitskell said he had de- 1
vised a budget which will hold
down civilian spending because of
big outlays for rearmament. i
The nation must be prepared
for a reduction In its standard of :
living, he said.
Mr. Gaitskell, successor to Sir
Stafford Cripp6, who retired be- i
cause of ill health, fortified him- '
self from a pitcher of rum and
orange juice as he presented his
first budget.
He said he was seeking a mid
dle course between rampant
civilian spending and inflation
caused by “too much money chas
ing too few goods”—and too se
vere a budget which “might give
IK InACPc nnorrmlnrmonf
terity at home without substantial
benefit to our external position.”
“We do not want deflation of
this kind any more than we want
inflation.” he explained.
Wage Freeze Out.
Mr. Gaitskell said the govern
ment has ruled out a return to
the industrial wage freeze, which
it abandoned last year and will
“continue to trust the established
system of wage negotiation to
avoid a rapid, damaging upward
spiral of wages and prices.”
The Chancellor said he expects
a deficit of £99 million ($227.2
million) on the basis of present
tax rates.
Despite the large defehse ex
penditures increase of £715 million
over this year, Mr. Gaitskell said
more than three-fourths of the
budget is accounted for by social
services and food subsidies.
The Chancellor allowed £1.615!
billion ($4,522 billion) for the
nation’s welfare services, including f
the National Health Service. 1
Welfare costs thus will exceed
defense spending by £125 million I
($350 million). 1
Ammunition Dump Explodes J
MANILA, April 10 (&).—A Phil
ippines Army ammunition dump 1
exploded today at Camp Florida ‘
Blanca, 40 miles north of here. (
Wheeler Admits Niles
rold Him to Prod Tobey
r<> Go Easy on Dawson
Ex-Senator Tells RFC
Probers of Pressure
From White House Aide
By Edward A. Harris
A Washington Correspondent of
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Former Senator Burton K.
Vheeler said today in an inter-1
lew that at the request of White
louse Aide David K. Niles he had
isked Senator Tobey, Republican,
>f New Hampshire “not to be too
■ough” on Donald S. Dawson,
mother White House aide.
Mr. Wheeler, now a practicing
ittorney here, appeared yesterday
>efore the Senate Banking Sub
committee investigating alleged
nfluence in the Reconstruction
Finance Corp. after Senator To
>ey, outraged by what he con
sidered an attempt by Mr. Niles
« "influence" him, had insisted
chat Mr. Wheeler tell all the facts.
The closed session was held at
m undisclosed place, and no an
louncement was made by Chair
nan Fulbright that Mr. Wheeler
lad appeared. Other members
present were Senators Douglas,
Democrat, of Illinois, and Repub
,ican Senators Bricker of Ohio,1
Dapehart of Indiana and Bennett
pf Utah.
All Invitations Spurned.
The conversation between Mr.
files, who handles minority prob
ems for President Truman as he
lid for President Roosevelt, and
Vfr. Wheeler took place about
chree weeks ago when the Ful
pright committee was in the
nidst of its inquiry into Mr. Daw
con’s acquaintanceship with
nembers of an alleged RFC in
luence ring. The committee at
chat time was doing everything
co get Mr. Dawson to appear be
fore it short of giving him the
rook. Thus far he has spurned
ill fervent invitations.
“What happened was very
cimple, and I don't know what
ill the fuss is about,” Mr. Wheeler
caid today. “Either Niles, whom
[’ve known for a long time, tele
phoned me or else I was in his
rffice, but in any case he men
ioned the RFC hearings and the
act that Dawson’s name had been
rrought inot it. He said he knew
• was a friend of Senator Tobey’s,
rnd asked if I would call Tobey
(See RFC, Page A-4.)
Rifleman Captured
In Chase at Sea
By the Associated Press \
Spril 10. — A rifleman who fled >
ike a modern pirate in a high- «
lowered boat after a waterfront1
hooting incident was taken at <
ea today when a Coast Guard 1
»oat ended a 25-mile race of five
•ursuing craft and one airplane. 1
The Coast Guard said one of 1
heir craft overtook the “fleeing
ifleman and returned him under .
State Police Capt. Edward J.
larks said it was “pitiful” how
he power boat outstripped the
tolice boats in the dash to sea.
The rifleman’s boat is a 40-foot
essel named “Greyhound.”
Capt. Marks said the “Grey
lound” darted away from Fisher
nan’s Wharf shortly after report
f the theft of a powerful rifle and
mmunition from a waterfront
lardware store.
Patrolmen checking the area'
ucked bullets from a stolen .30-06 j
ifle before the rifleman ceased'
Ire and leaped aboard the “Grey
The man identified himself as
hilip Newcomb, 24, of Boothbay
Coast Guards said they boarded
he Greyhound and subdued New
omb with slight resistance.
When asked if he intended to
ead out to sea, Newcomb replied:
That’s as good a way as any,”
toast Guards reported.
Tydings Insists
Butler Failed to
Disown Photo
Draws Line at Fakes
And 'Deliberate Lies/
Ex-Senator Declares
By W. H. Shippen
Fighting mad, Millard E. Tyd
ngs resumed the stand today and
nharged John Marshall Butler,
bis successful Republican oppo
3ent, with lack of manhood In his
failure to stop “deliberate lies’*
vhich were circulated in the
Vfaryland campaign last Novem
Mr. Tydings was especially
exercised over the campaign
labloid, “From the Record,” which
mblished a photograph purporti
ng to show him in intimate con
versation with Earl Browder,
'ormer Communist leader.
Mr. Tydings told a Senate sub
:ommittee that Senator Butler
mew of this tabloid before it was
listributed, and that he refused
o stop it and accused him, in a
newspaper interview, of “whining’*
because part of his record had
been exposed.
Mr. Tydings made it clear he
bad no quarrel with any legiti
mate editorial comment on his
record as a public servant, how
ever unfriendly it might be. He
ieclared he drew the line, however,
it the circulation of faked pho
lographs and "deliberate lies.”
Will Keep on Complaining.
“I am complaining and I will
seep on complaining,” Mr. Tyd
ings declared heatedly, “and this
isn’t going to be the end of my
Senator Butler who won the
election by an impressive majority
appeared at the opening session
cn February 20. He declared Mr.
rydings was making an unwar
ranted personal attack on him.
"What I resent most,” Mr. Tyd
ings said under cross examination
today, “was that when I publicly
charged that the false photograph
was being circulated against me,
Mr. Butler did not rise up like a
man and disassociate himself with
the publication.”
Subcommittee Chairman Mon
roney. Democrat, of Oklahoma,
asked Mr. Tydings if he knew
whether Senator Butler ever ha£>
publicly disclaimed responsibility
for the tabloid.
“No. He allowed it to remain a
cloud on my reputation until the
last vote was counted,” Mr. Tyd
ings replied.
Majority Counsel Edward A.
McDermott asked Mr. Tydings
about a letter which he sent to
the Senate last week, in which he
formally charged that Mr. Butler
and his campaign aides had
broken Maryland and Federal
“Have you any additional evi
lence to offer on this point?” the
counsel asked.
Campaign Contributions Discussed
“Not at this moment,” Mr. Ty
dings replied. Mr. McDermott
pointed out that Mr. Tydings had
referred to substantial contribu
tions which had been received and
spent without passing through the
bands of the campaign treasurer,
Cornelius Mundy, Baltimore at
Mr. Tydings said that “you will
find in the statement I made
from the stand on February 20
that I charged that substantial *
sums had not been properly re
ported.” 1
Mr. Tydings said that the tes
;imony of Jon M. Jonkel, cam
paign manager, later substanti
ated this charge. Mr. Jonkel tes
tified that he spent about $27,000
in the closing days of the cam
paign to keep bill collectors "off
ny neck.”
The additional contributions
were reported to the Senate by
Senator Butler several days after
-he public hearings opened. The
iums were listed by Mr. Jonkel in
i letter to Mr. Mundy in February.
Mr. Mundy declined to make
he report as treasurer because,
re said, he had no previous knowl
edge of the transactions. Mr.
Mundy forwarded a copy of Mr.
fonkel’s letter to Senator Butler
md the latter transmitted this to
;he Senate.
“When did you first hear of the
abloid?” asked Senator Mon
oney. Mr. Tydings replied that
l friend had told him in confl
lence that “a faked picture will
>e sprung on you in the closing
lays of the campaign which may
uin you.”
The witness said this occurred
ome 10 days before the election,
ind he would be glad to furnish
(See BUTLER, Page A-6.)
Housecleaning Section
To Appear Tomorrow
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ment con save you unnecessary head
aches during spring cleaning. The
Star tom-now will present a special
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The section
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g e s t i o n s for
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of house an<}'
grounds, storage'
o n d cleaning
services, and
shortcuts in the
onnual home
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