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Mostly sunny, highest near 64 this after- . . p*Ie noon. Increasing cloudiness tonight. Amusements C-5 Finance -A-17 Lowest about 48. Tomorrow cloudy with Classified _ C-6-12 Obituary -A-12 showers likely. (Details on Page A-2.) Comics C-14-15 Radio-TV -C-13 Midnight, 49 6 a.m. ___44 11 a.m. .. 58 Crossword -C-14 Sports --rC-l-4 2 a.m-44 8 a.m. ___51 Noon_61 .Womans 4 a.m. 42 10 a.m. 56 1 p.m. 62 Editl Articles-A-ll Section-B-3-6 __Lote New York Morkets, Page A-17._ _ _ _An Associated Press Newspoper_ 99th Year. No. 101. Phone ST. 5000 ★★_WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 1951—SIXTY-EIGHT PAGES. Evening only, $1.10; Sunday only, 45c; Night Final. 10c Additional. 5 CENTS Mac ARTHUR AGREES TO ADDRESS CONGRESS Republicans Seek Ouster Probe; Martin Talks of Impeachments' x__-___ G. 0. P. Chiefs Phone Tokyo; Aide Says General Would Be 'Delighted' to Return Here Senate and House Republican leaders said this after noon after a telephone call to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Tokyo that the ousted Far Eastern commander wotild be “delighted and honored” to return home and present his views to Congress. The call to Gen. MacArthur was placed during a strategy meeting of top Republicans irate over President Truman’s sum mary dismissal of Gen. MacArthur. The meeting was held in the office of House Minority Leader Martin. Mr. Martin told reporters possible impeachment pro ceedings were discussed at the meeting. Mr. Martin said he hoped that “within three weeks’’ Gen. MacArthur would speak at a joint session of Congress. Resolutions calling for a joint session to hear Gen. MacArthur were prepared by Mr. Martin and Senate Minority Leader Wherry. McFarland Blocks Proposal. Senator Wherry introduced his in the Senate at 12:20 p.m. and sought to get unanimous consent to have it taken up later in the day. Senate Democratic Leader Mc Farland objected and Vice Presi dent Barkley announced it would “go over under the rule.” This means that it could be delayed in coming up for Senate action for an indefinite period. Mr. Martin announced the Re publican move for Gen. Mac Arthur to address a joint session and for an investigation of his ouster in a brief statement to the House in which he referred to the general as “Senator MacArthur.” When Democrats laughed, Mr. Martin retorted: “He might be even higher later.”. Democrat Move Uncertain. Representative Cox, Democrat, of Georgia said he would be glad to support the Republican demand, for an investigation if the inquiry Included the State Department. Mr. Martin said the State De partment would be included. What the Democrats would do eventually about the Republican move was not immediately clear.| While some of them would like: to obtain the general's views, the move to have him air his views in a joint session is regarded as another matter. Mr. Martin said he had not talked with Gen. MacArthur per sonally since the Far Eastern commander’s removal. But he added he was given assurance by a spokesman in the general's office that the general would return and give his views. Full Inquiry Sought. Mr. Martin also announced after the hurriedly called confef ence that the Republican leaders had agreed there should be a con gressional investigation of “the whole question of the conduct of foreign and military policy.” Asked about the discussion of Impeachment and against whom It was directed, Mr. Martin tersely replied: “Anybody that the inquiry shows has transgressed the laws.” He made it clear, however, that there was no decision at the meet ing on instituting impeaching proceedings. Among those who attended the meeting were Senators Taft of Ohio, Wherry, Bridges of New Hampshire, Knowland of Cali fornia, Wiley of Wisconsin and Smith of New Jersey. Senators Wiley and Smith are ranking Republican members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee which would figure in any possible investigation along the lines agreed on at the con ference. Martin Dictates Statement. Mr. Martin said those attend ing the meeting agreed fully on this statement he dictated to re porters: "At the conference it was agreed— “1. That the whole question of the conduct of foreign and mili tary policy be investigated by Con gress in the light of the latest tragic developments. "2. That the Congress should have the complete views of Gen. (See COMMENT, Page A-3.) Inside Page Stories On MacArthur Ousting One A.M. White House Press Coll Breaks News About MacArthur. Page A-4 Ridgwoy's Knack for Landing in Right Spot Called Uncanny. Page A-5 Texts of Truman Statement and Orders to Generals. Poge A-4 White House Becks Up Decision With MacArthur Documents. Page A-5 Rapid Promotions Marked MacAthur's Brilliant Career. Page A-4 A-B-C of the Argument That Led tc MacArthur Dismissal. Page A-10 Chronology of Events Leading Up tc MacArthur Dismissal. Page A-4 Reporter Tells Why Use of South Koreans in War It Curtailed. Page A-3 British Note Urges Giving Formosa to China Communists Role in Peace Talks Also Urged by London; Plan Unacceptable to U. S. By John M. Hightower Associated Press Staff Writer Britain has asked the United States to revise the proposed Japa nese peace treaty so as to give Formosa to the Chinese Com munists. Britain has also asked the American Government to include MacArthur Quoted as Terming Formosa Important as France. Page A-2 Communist China in peace treaty negotiations now underway. Responsible officials, disclosing receipt of a terse British note along this line several days ago, said today that neither proposal I r, AAAAnFnKlrt The United States does not rec ognize the Red China regime—as Britain does—and instead is main taining relations with the Chinese Nationalist government of Gen eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek, which controls Formosa. Note Presented to Dulles. The British note was presented to Ambassador John Foster Dulles, President Truman’s special rep resentative for the peace treaty negotiations, by Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Britain. The development marks a se rious break between the two fore most Western powers over how to handle the treaty. It is, more over, a wholly unexpected break. Some officials here are inclined to attribute it to Britain’s new foreign minister, Herbert Morri son, who succeeded Ernest Bevin last month. The impression is growing here that Mr. Morrison visualizes a kind of “middle way” position for Britain in some respects, as be tween the United States and the Communist bloc. The situation is tentatively estimated as being similar to that which existed about five to six years ago, when Bevin was newly in office and cherished the idea that Britain could serve as a bridge between Communist east and capitalist west. MU MIUVIIIU^ There has been no serious in timation, responsible informants said, that Mr. Morrison wants to weaken the solid British-French American alliance which, includ ing other smaller nations, is formalized in all the arrange ments for the defense of the, Western world. The situation is not the same on Far Eastern policy, however, and it is apparent that the rifts between London and Washington policies for that part of the world are widening. The first word that the Japa nese peace treaty was seriously (See TREATY, Page A-2.) 'Finest Hour' For MacArthur, Aide Declares By the Associated Press TOKYO, April 11.—Gen. Mac* Arthur received the news of dis missal from all his commands to day “magnificently and without turning a hair.” Maj. Gen. Courtney Whitney, military secretary of the United Nations command, told newsmen Gen. MacArthur would have no public comment “for the time.” He added: “I just left the general. He re ceived the word of the President’s dismissal from command mag nificently. He never turned a hair. His soldierly qualities were never more pronounced. “This has been his finest hour.” The firing of Gen. MacArthur, by President Truman, came with the drama and irony which has marked the five-star general’s 47 years of active military life. Even in defeat, he added an other precedent to a career stud ded with them—the first dismis sal of history’s first United Na tions commander. The general with the dramatic touch went out under circum stances more like the stage than war. His notice came without warning during a quiet luncheon at his home. It was just as if nothing had happened—but an era had ended. Some soldiers stood in front of the huge steel and concrete build ing from which Gen. MacArthur had ruled Japan for more than five years. They gazed idly through the rain into the gardens •(See TOKYO, Page A-7.) Other Countries See Chances for Peace In Korea Improved Dismissal of MacArthur Gets Big Headlines in British Newspapers By the Associated Press LONDON, April 11.—The firing of Gen. MacArthur was greeted with relief today by British offi cials who said they believed chances for making peace with Red China in Korea were im proved. The first reaction among West ern diplomats in Moscow, much of U. N. Forces Drive Ahead as Ridgway Succeeds MacArthur. Page A-5 Europe and elsewhere was much the same. The news reached Mos cow too late to be included in morning papers there, but Western diplomats in the Soviet capital said they also believed President Truman’s action had increased the chances of a Korean peace settle ment. “The dismissal of MacArthur may lead to a new chance for a truce in the East,” commented the Norwegian Liberal newspaper. Oslo Dagbladet. Ready to Negotiate Peace. Foreign Secretary Morrison said Britain is now ready to negotiate a cease-fire in Korea but the “other side” so far had shown no desire to stop the hostilities. The first quotable comment from any high official was from Defense Minister Emanuel Shin well, who, however, did not men tion Gen. MacArthur by name. “It is not the function of a commander,” he said in a speech, “to dictate the political policy which governs operations. . . . Fortunately we have no trouble of that kind in this country, though occasionally our admirals and generals do let themselves go.” British newspapers and officials (See EUROPE, Page A-3.) Eisenhower Hopes MacArthur Won't Return as Storm Center By the Associated Press COBLENZ, Germany, April 11. —Gen. Eisenhower, visibly sur prised and concerned, expressed the hope today Gen. MacArthur would not return to the United States and become a center of controversy and acrimony. Advised of President Truman’s action by a reporter, the Atlantic pact commander first showed sur prise, and said, “That’s one you couldn’t expect me to comment on.” He shook his head and ex claimed, “I’ll be darned.” He resumed watching Army maneuvers for a few moments and then turned to reporters and added: "I hope he (MacArthur) will not return to the United States and become a controversial figure. f * I would not like to see acrimony develop.” Gen. MacArthur’s dismissal ob viously was on his mind as he in spected British, American and French forces in Germany. He again turned to reporters standing near and said: “I worked for MacArthur for nine years in his office. We’re old buddies. I was the only one who argued with him on official mat ters, but he kept me with him. I was a major when he was a four star general.” both are five star generals now. Told the reasons the President had given for his action, Gen. Eisenhower shook his head and said, “When you put on a uniform there are certain inhibitions ^hich you accept.” ^ Policy Dispute Climaxed With Surprise Move By Joseph A. Fox President Truman today sum marily dismissed Gen. Douglas MacArthur from his Far East commands in a move bound to have prolonged political rever berations. The dramatic action came with out advance indication and cli maxed a long-standing disagree ment between Gen. MacArthur and the administration over po litical and military strategy in the Pacific. It was touched off by recent MacArthur statements criticizing American policy in Korea—state "Gen. MacArthur's comments were so sharp that serious observers discussed whether he would resign as supreme commander (in August, 1945)," writes John Gunther in "The Riddle of Mac Arthur," referring to a disagreement with Secretary of State Byrnes. Poge A-4 ments that disturbed the admin j istration and caused uneasiness among allies of the United States, particularly Britain and France. To a hastily-summoned press conference at the White House at 1 o’clock this morning, Press Sec retary Joseph Short issued a state ment announcing "with deep re gret” that Gen. MacArthur was being relieved by Mr. Truman be cause he had concluded that the general "is unable to give his wholehearted support to the poli cies of the United States Govern ment and of the United Nations in1 matters pertaining to his official j uuues. Similar Order Seat to Tokyd. At the same time an order of similar tenor went forward to Gen. MacArthur, who was instructed to turn over his commands at once to Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, head of the 8th Army in Korea, who now becomes supreme com mander, Allied Powers; command er in chief, United Nations Com mand; commander in chief, Far East, and commanding general, United States Army, Far East. Lt. Gen. James A. Van Fleet will take over the 8th Army. Officials here anticipated no questioning by Russia or other nations participating in the Jap anese occupation of the appoint ment of Gen. Ridgway as supreme commander. The basic directive of the Far Eastern Commission gives the United States Government complete authority to name the supreme commander in Japan. Tokyo reported that the news struck MacArthur headquarters with the suddeness of a thunder clap, not the slightest intimation having been received of such a move, although Army Secretary Frank Pace is in the Korean area. Letter Brought Showdown. President Truman finally moved in on the colorful general as the direct result of a letter the officer wrote to House Minority Leader Martin on March 20, indorsing a suggestion that Chinese National ist troops immobilized on Formosa, be employed in the Korean cam paign, despite the known antag onism of Washington to such an operation. Since that letter was made pub lic by Mr., Martin, the White House has remained consistently silent on the subject of Gen. Mac Arthur, and while some of the President’s advisers supposedly were urging him to crack down on the officer, authoritative sources were reporting that nothing dras tic was in the works. The Penta gon has been equally quiet. Only yesterday Defense Secretary Mar (Continued on Page A-4, Col. 6.) Sfone of Scone Left At Nationalist Shrine By th« Associated Press ARBROATH, Scotland, April 11. —Britain’s famed coronation stone —or its twin—was delivered today to the custodian of Arbroath Abbey—a shrine of Scottish na tionalism. The stone had been stolen from Westminster Abbey in London on Christmas morning. Intermediaries in the delivery were two members of an organiza tion seeking more self-rule for Scotland. It was plain from their statement that they believed the stone should remain in Scotland. The men said they acted “with great sincerity” to enable the stone to be “safely restored to the Scottish people and the King.” The famed Stone of Scone was placed in the high altar of the abbey, on the grave of King Wil liam the Lion, King of Scotland from 1143 to 1214. The abbey, founded in 1178, is largely in ruins now. Two unsigned letters, one ad dressed to King George VI and the other to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, were left with the atone. ^ /, Charles Fischetti, Underworld Overlord, Dies of Heart Attack Al Capone Cousin Recently Surrendered To Crime Probers ly th* Associated Press MIAMI BEACH, Fla., April 11.— Charles Fischetti, 50, one of tha leaders of America’s underworld, died early today at his luxurious Miami Beach home. A doctor who had been attend ing Fischetti for four days said that death was caused by a heart attack. He said there was no doubt it resulted from natural causes. Fischetti and his brother, Rocco, surrendered nine days ago to the Senate sergeant at arms after Federal agents had sought them many months to serve them with Senate Crime Investigating Com mittee subpoenaes Senator Tobey, Republican, of New Hampshire, a member of the Kefauver committee, pressed for reopening of the crime Inquiry che day the Fischettis surrendered. Senator Tobey said at the time that “they are kingpins in the U. N. Diplomats Show Obvious Relief From Fear of Asiatic War South Koreans Unhappy, But Refuse Comment On MacArthur Ouster By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, April 11.— Surprised United Nations diplo mats generally greeted with obvi ous relief President Truman’s order ousting Gen. MacArthur as U. N. commander in Korea. The delegates were not talking for publication, but their com ments privately and the positions they have taken in the weeks of argument over Gen. MacArthur shows that the President did ex actly what they hoped he would. South Korean circles in the U. N., however, were unhappy over the swift change, but they refused to comment publicly. The British, French and Rus sians are known to be satisfied with the verdict, but for different reasons. The British and French started after Gen. MacArthur’s scalp as far back as last November when he made his dash to the Man churian border and there met the Chinese Communists. Bombing Was Opposed. These delegates have expressed the fear that Gen. MacArthur might commit some action which would involve them in a war with China and the Soviet Union with out consulting them beforehand. The British, French and many other delegations in the United Nations were unalterably opposed to Gen. MacArthur’s ideas for bombing Manchurian bases of the (See U. N., Page A-7.) Late News Bulletin Daylight Bill Delayed An objection by Senator Langer, Republican, of North Dakota today blocked approval of a bill giving the Commis sioners power to order daylight saving time for the District, but sponsors said they would move later in the day for the Senate to return to the bill and pass It, (Earlier Story on Page I —ap Photo. CHARLES FISCHETTI. gambling world and would con tribute a lot of information.” Charles Fischetti was described by the Kefauver Committee as one of seven overlords who ruled — (See FISCHETTI, Page A-6.) U. S. Expects to Hire 1,141,000 Employes In Next Fiscal Year 36% Turnover Rate Foreseen in Figures Presented to House By Joseph Young The Government expects to place 1,141,000 new employes dur ing the fiscal year starting July 1, it was disclosed (today. During the same period, the Government expects to lose 36 per cent of its employes through regular personnel turnover. These figures were presented by Civil Service Commission officials to a House Appropriations Sub committee holding hearings on the Independent Offices Bill for 1952. 1116 hearings were made ww**w vuuuj • Shocked by Turnover. The defense and control agencies expect to hire more than 5UO.OOO new workers during the next year. An additional 600,000 to 700,000 employes will be needed to replace those Federal workers who resign, retire or leave for other reasons. The 36 per cent personnel turnover figure shocked the sub committee’s members. Turnover _ (Continued on Page A-2, Col. 4.) Truman Calls Records Of Phone Talks With Tobey 'Outrageous' Withdrawal of Charges Against Legislators By President Reported The White House today de nounced as “outrageous” the re ported action of Senator Tobey. Republican, of New Hampshire, in recording telephone conversations with President Truman dealing with the investigation of the Re construction Finance Corp. Word from Capitol Hill was that the Senate subcommittee in vestigating the RFC was told that Senator Tobey had recorded two conversations with Mr. Truman. In one Mr. Truman was said to have charged that members of Congress had accepted fees for obtaining RFC loans for constitu ents. In the second conversation! Mr. Truman was understood to; have said he was mistaken in! making the charge. Asked today what the White House thought about the reputed recordings, Press Secretary Joseph Short said: “The President thinks that the recordings of telephone conversa-; tions is outrageous—no matter by whom. Every Word Can Be Public. “As far as he is concerned every word can be made public. "The President has no record ing: he never has had. You will have to go to Senator Tobey to find out what was said.” Asked specifically if the Presi dent felt that the reported re cordings of his talk was an out rage, Mr. Short said, “He cer tainly does!” The President was not aware that the conversation had been recorded. Bennett Regrets “Leak.” Senator Tobey, a member of the Senate Banking Committee, formerly served on the subcom mittee investigating RFC, and on several occasions took part in questioning at the recent open hearings. Senator Bennett, Republican, of Utah expressing amazement and regret that some one on the sub committee apparently had leaked the story, commented that it was public now and that he would not deny he heard Senator Tobey make the statements at the closed session last week. Senator Tobey and the Presi dent, for their, own protection, should insist that the recording be played for public hearing, he added. Phone Callers Blast Truman, Man in Street Defends Him Washington’s average citizens today rolled with the historic punch that knocked Gen. Mac Arthur from his high post, but there were some—especially wom en—who felt President Truman should be impeached. The Star’s switchboard began buzzing at 6:30 a.m. with calls from indignant citizens. Some of the women callers were tearful and spluttered their wrath through sobs. Others were just so plain mad they had difficulty talking coherently. While calls to The Star gen erally denounced President Tru man, the man in the street felt differently. On Pennsylvania ave nue between Eleventh and Twelfth street a reporter questioned 15 pedestrians. Ted of them sup ported President Truman and five went all out for Gen. Mac Arthur. A cross section of the j^iews voiced on the street and over the telephone follows: Mrs. Polly Chichester, 5705 Forty-third avenue, Hyattsville, described Gen. MacArthur’s re moval as a "terrible thing." "I’ve been a Democrat all my life, but derned if I’m one now, A declaration of war wouldn’t have shocked me as much as the news of Gen. MacArthur’s re- j moval.” Mrs. Frank J. McSherry of 3232 Garfield street N.W., whose hus band is a retired brigadier gen eral, said: “I feel, and so do my neigh bors, that President Truman should be impeached. I am not speaking for my husband, but I know I’m going to vote for Gen. MacArthur as our next President and so will lots of our friends.” Mrs. F, B. Porter of ^ort Myer, (Continued on Page A-3, Col^f.) Bill to Disperse 20,000 Is Sent To Senate Floor Committee Approves Removal of Vital Federal Agencies By Francis P. Douglas The Senate Public Works Com mittee today approved the dis persal bill providing for the re moval of vital agencies with 20,000 employes to new buildings to be erected on four sites in the sub urbs. The measure also provides au thorization for decentralization— the transfer of agencies to other places in the United States. The bill states that it shall be the ob ject to transfer not less than 25, 000 positions from the District area in the decentralization pro gram. Chairman Holland of the sub committee which handled the bill said the measure would be intro duced on the Senate floor this afternoon. He said nine members of the full committee voted in favor of the measure, and that no vote was cast by Senator Martin, Repub lican, of Pennsylvania. Democratic Senators McClellan of Arkansas and Stennis of Mis sissippi, and Republican Senator Cain of Washington, who are out of the city, were not recorded as voting. Senator Holland said, however, he believes that all three men would have voted for the measure. $107 Million Funds in Bill. Chairman Chavez of the full committee and Senator Hennings, Democrat, of Missouri, voted by proxy and were recorded in favor. Senator Holland said they were prevented by other business from being present. The bill is a revision of the measure originally introduced in the last session. It carries au thorization for the appropriation of $107 million, whereas the orig inal measure provided for an ap propriation of $190 million. The $107 million is broken down this way: For construction of fdur permanent buildings with land and utilities. $70 million; for a circumferential highway, $28 million; for other highway con struction, $4.5 million, and for communications, $4.5 million. The measure directs mat as space De comes available in Washington, with the dispersal and decentral ization programs, the General Services Administration shall tear down the World War II tempo rary buildings. These now provide office space for 31,000 Government workers. Provision is made in the bill for a joint committee on dis persal, demolition and decentral ization. It would be composed of five members each from the Sen ate and House Public Works Com mittees, and shall keep watch on the progress of the program. The Senate is expected to take up the measure next week. Only Reasonable Solution. In its report today the subcom mittee said: “It is clear that unless citadel structures are to be built, which could be accomplished only at a tremendous cost, an orderly and well-planned dispersal of the more vital facilities and personnel, to gether with a decentralization of certain less vital activities of the Government, is the only reason able solution to the problem.” The problem referred to is that of the safety and continuity of government in event of attack. The reference to citadel was to the practice adopted by Great Britain of providing stout buildings with underground ounkers for govern ment offices. A bill identical to the Senate bill is expected to be introduced in the House. There it would take the place of the measure which was re jected by a House Public Works Subcommittee. Press Club Cashier Dies After Hearing MacArthur News The night cashier of the Na tional Press Club died early today of a heart attack, apparently brought on by his excitement over the news of Gen. Mac Arthur’s dis missal. He was John B. Gray, 62, who had been employed by the club for about a year and a half. Scheduled to go ofT duty at midnight last night, Mr. Gray apparently heard in advance of the special White House press conference that Gen. MacArthur was to be relieved. Spottswood Oonway Walker, the cashier re lieving him at midnight, said Mr. Gray rushed oft in great excite ment exclaiming, “They flred Mac- j Arthur.” r Mr. Gray went to his home at 2647 Woodley road N.W. and sat up for awhile listening to news broadcasts, his wife told Police Pvts. John Kemler and John Moriarty, of No. 8 Precinct. She said .he was “very excited and up set.” Mrs. Gray found him dead at 6 a on. | -%W* AS A «T/ SOLDIER, L YOU WERE ! GREAT.. M m ?