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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 28, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny and warm; highest near 80
this afternoon. Fair and warmer tonight;
• lowest about 60, 54 in suburbs. Tomorrow
cloudy, warm. (Full details on Page A-2.)
Midnight, 53 6 a.m. ___52 11 a.m. „_61
2 a m. —53 8 a.m. ___53 Noon_63
■ 4 a.m. —52 9 a m. ...55 1 p.m_65
'————— — 1 ■■ I I I I ,1 .
— . ■■ — An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 118. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1951—THIRTY-SIX PAGES Rome Delivery. Monthly Rates: Evening and Sunday SI SO: ej PTTXTTQ
__ 7_'_’__ > ’ i JiuukJ. Evening only. SI 10: Sundav only, 45c: Night Pinal. 10c Additional. ® VjJjlM 10
Vogeler, Freed by Reds, Charges
Hungary Used Physical, Mental
Coercion Before His Trial Began
Three Budapest
Demands Met;
Crown Retained
BULLETINS
VIENNA W.—Robert A. Voge
ler told a news conference today
that he had been subjected to
mental and physical coercion
prior to the trial in which he
confessed being an American
spy. Asked if he wanted to re
pudiate the confession which
brought him a 15-year sentence
in February, 1949, he replied:
"I think there was some truth
in my testimony, which I read
last night for the first time.”
The United States met three
Hungarian demands in arrang
ing for the release of Robert A.
Vogeler, but rejected a request
to turn over the ancient crown
of St. Stefan to the Communist
state, the State Department
announced today. It published
a detailed record of negotiations
for Mr. Vogeler’s release.
Dy tne Associated rress
VIENNA, April 28.—The Com
munist Hungarian government
/reed American businessman Rob
ert A. Vogeler today. He returned
swiftly to Vienna and a tearful
but joyous reunion with his wife
and two young sons.
Mr. Vogeler, 39-year-old vice
president of International Tele
phone and Telegraph Co., reached
his home in the American sector
of Vienna at 1:23 p.m. (7:23 a.m.
EST).
He was released at the Austro
Hungarian frontier exactly one
week after the Hungarian govern
ment promised to set him free
from the 15-year sentence it im
posed on charges of spying. He
had served more than 17 months.
“Nobody can be happier than I
am,” he exclaimed a short time
after he crossed into Austria at
the border village of Nickelsdorf.
He was sped in an American dip
lomatic car to Vienna, where he
was met at the gate of his sub
urban home by his beauteous,
blond wife, Lucille, 34, his sons,
and his wife’s sister, Pia.
^ Simultaneously with his release,
Hungarian government in
r Bdapest announced the price that
f&s paid for Mr. Vogeler’s free
dom:
1 rPV. a TTr\iiaH Qtotnc nvnm icoH
to open the Hungarian consulates
in New York and Cleveland that
were closed last year.
2. It will lift the ban on travel
by American citizens to Hungry.
3. The Voice of America will stop
using the wave length of radio
Munich for its broadcasts.
4. The United States Govern
ment will help to return Hun
garian property carried off by the
Nazis in 1944 to the now' Ameri
can-occupied zone of Germany.
The terms, which the Hun
garian government described last
Saturday as “just claims,” were
not confirmed immediately by
American officials.
After Mr. Vogeler stepped from
the car in front of his home, his
wife fell into his arms. He em
braced her. There were tears in
the eyes of both as they hugged
each other briefly and then
turned and went into the house.
Austrian Police Guard House.
Neither said a word. Their two
sons, Bobby, 11, and Billy, 9,
whooped with excitement as they
clung to their parents and dis
appeared into the house.
Five Austrian policemen guarded
the fence around the house to
prevent entry by the score of
photographers and newsmen wait
ing at the entrance.
Mr. Vogeler looked pale and
thin but otherwise appeared in
good health. He was clean-shaven
and neatly dressed. He wore a
dark blue suit and a white shirt.
American Ambassador Walter J.
Donnelly said Mr. Vogeler was in
good shape. Col. Grant Williams,
Austrian representative of I. T.
& T„ said he thought Mr. Vogeler
ought to get back to New York
pronto but that future plans would
depend on Mr. Vogeler's health
and wishes.
‘‘I am feeling good,” Mr.
Vogeler said in reply to a news
man’s query.
Met by Consul General.
Mr. Vogeler earlier in the day
was met at the frontier village
of Nickelsdorf by Arthur Shower,
American Consul General in
Vienna, and Halvor Eckem. a
member of the United States Le
gation staff.
Some 50 Austrian villagers, at
tracted to the# scene by word of
Mr. Vogeler’s release, waved gaily
to him as the American officials
whisked him away in a legation
car for the 40-mile trip to Vienna.
They had a flat tire on the way
in to Vienna.
Still held by the Hungarian re
gime was Edgar Sanders, a British
subject and a colleague of Mr.
Vogeler’s. Mr. Sanders was
arrested at the same time as Mr.
Vogeler, in November. 1949, also
on charges of spying. Mr. San
ders was sentenced to 13 years in
prison, after both pleaded guilty
and confessed in court. They were
tried in the same room and by the
saipe judge as was the case of
(See VOEGELER, Page A-3.)
1
■ -
'Sorry I Did Not Perhaps Live Up
ToU.S. Tradition/ He Declares
Released American Has Difficulty Speaking
And Displays Extreme Nervous Condition
By the Associated Press
•VIENNA, Austria, April 28.—
Robert A. Vogeler said today about
his trial before a Hungarian
court:
‘‘I am sorry I did not perhaps
i live up to the American tradition
| under pressure.”
He presumably was referring to
the confession he made before
the Communist court sentenced
him to 15 yeans imprisonment.
The I. T. & T. executive walked
I into the garden of his home to
pose for photographers with his
family. In a slow, halting voice,
he told newsmen:
"During 17 months in prison I
have 'been thinking about this
reunion. Though I had no news
during my imprisonment, I knew
that I had many good friends and
could count on the Americans.”
Vogeler had obvious difficulty
controlling his speech. His mouth
twitched as if he were under a
terrific nervous strain. Then he
went on:
i “I am sorry I did not perhaps
live up to the American tradition
under pressure,” his voice broke
and he paused. A reporter asked
him:
“But you are innocent, aren’t
you, Mr. Vogeler?”
Vogeler smiled wryly, and in ob
vious jest, said:
“Oh, no, I’m guilty, according to
the Hungarians I am a combina
tion of Dick Tracy and . .
He paused again, and one of his
sons suggested: “J. Edgar Hoover.”
"Yes, that’s right,” Vogeler said.
“I would rather not say any
thing more now,” Vogeler went on.
“I am not concerned for my own
safety, but I am anxious about...”
Again his voice failed, but he
presumably was referring to Ed
gar Sanders, British accountant
sentenced to 13 years in jail at
the same trial as Vogeler.
“I cannot collect my thoughts
properly now,” he went on, “but
if I am able to give you all an
interview, I will do so. I am not
trying to be a prima donna, and
_<3ee INTERVIEW, Page A-3.)
Stassen Asks Truman
To Settle MacArthur
Feud for Good of U. S.
Letter Calls on President
To Extend Invitation
To Talk With General
Republican Leader Harold E.
Stassen today urged President
Truman to bring about a recon
ciliation with Gen. MacArtnur
“for the good of America.”
Mr. Stassen’s appeal was made
in a letter he delivered personally
to the White House.
“The issue of peace and war
must be above personalities or
partisanship if America is to ex
ercise constructive leadership
among the free nations,” Mr.
Stassen wrote.
“I therefore ask with humility
that you consider extending an
invitation to Gen. MacArthur f£j
meet and confer with you. I have
not spoken to him but I am cer
tain from my knowledge of him
that he would at once respond.”
To Seek G. O. P. Support.
At a news conference after go
ing <;o the White House, Mr. Stas
sen said he planned to confer with
Republican leaders in Congress to
Iobtain support for his reconcilia
tion proposal.
He said he did not see and had
not requested an appointment
with Mi. Truman personally. The
letter was delivered to Matthew
J. Connelly, one of the President’s
secretaries. Mr. Stassen said he
discussed briefly with Mr. Con
nelly the background of the
spreading MacArthur controversy.
Mr. Stassen said he had in
formed Gen. MacArthur by tele
gram of his move.
White House Move Urged.
“I feel very deeply that for the
good of America'a reconciliation
should be brought about between
you and the President,” the tele
gram said. “I close with admira
tion and respect.”
The White House has made it
clear since the MacArthur con
troversy developed that Mr. Tru
man would see the general only
if a request was received for an
appointment. In Milwaukee Gen.
MacArthur was quoted as saying
he would consider an invitation
as an order.
Mr. Stassen said such a recon
ciliation as he is urging is ‘‘the
first step” toward re-establishing
an “unpartisan” foreign policy
along the lines consistently advo
cated by the late Senator Vanden
berg, Republican, of Michigan.
Mr. Stassen came here from
Philadelphia, where he is presi
dent of the University of Pennsyl
vania, especially to seek support
for his proposal.
He planned to confer during the
day writh several Republican mem
bers of Congress, including Sena
tor Millikin of Colorado, Smith of
New Jersey, and possibly with
Senator Taft of Ohio and Repre
sentative Martin of Massachu
setts.
Hp snifi ho XlT/MllH (lien IIH/VA
his conference with the Republi
can leaders “very careful con
sideration” of speeches and state
ments on the MacArthur contro
versy by both Democrats and Re
publicans.
McFarland Denies Charges.
In Congress today, Republican
charges that Truman policies will
lead to appeasement and stale
mate in Korea brought a sharp
denial from Senate Majority
Leader McFarland.
At the same time. Senate Mi
nority Leader Wherry struck back
at a Democratic claim that the
Republicans have tried to "make
political capital” out of the dis
missal of Gen. MacArthur.
The debate went on as both
sides aw’aited the start of hearings
before a Senate committee Thurs
I (Sec POLICY. Page A-2.)
Menzies Government
Retained in Australia,
Labor Gains in Voting
Coalition Loses 5 House
Seats; Outcome of Senate
Contests Not Announced
fty the Associated Press
SYDNEY, Australia, April 28.—
I The coalition government of Prime
Mipister Robert G. Menzies ap
peared tonight to have been re
turned to power despite -gains
made by the Labor opposition in
today’s parliamentary elections.
At the close of counting tonight, |
still incomplete returns showed
that a slight trend toward the!
Labor Party, led by former Prime!
Minister Joseph B. Chifley, would]
cost the 16-month-old Liberal
Country coalition government
about»flve seats.
Loss of five seats would leave
Mr. Menzies with a 69-52 majority
in the House of Representatives,
the lower house of Parliament.
In the last House, Mr. Menzies
controlled 74 seats to Labor’s 47.
The government's Department
of Information in a broadcast said
the Menzies administration had
been returned in today’s elections.
It estimated the coalition govern
uiviiu nuuiu nui uu ui uic
seats in the lower house. The
Labor Party, ousted by Mr. Men
zies in November, 1949, was ex
pected to have 53 seats, the Can
berra broadcast said.
There was little indication of
the outcome of the fight for Sen
ate seats, control over which had
largely brought on the election.
Labor dominated the. last Sen
ate, holding 34 seats to the gov
ernment’s 26. Mr. Menzies called
the election after the Labor-con
trolled Senate blocked a goven^
ment banking bill. Mr. Men^r:
contended he needed control of
both houses to push through :
needed legislation and asked for ,
a “fair go” from the electorate.
Senators are chosen by a com
plicated proportional representa- '
tive system and it may be weeks ,
before the exact standing can be
determined.
Most observers believed each
of the six state’s 10 Senate seats
would be split, with the govern
ment gaining five and Labor five.
However, early returns indicated
the Liberal Party had a fair
chance of obtaining six seats in
I Queensland.
The main issues were rising liv
ing costs and communism. Labor
urged government control of
prices to curb inflation. Mr. Men
*ies said there were adequate con
trols and urged increased produc
tion. He claimed Communists in
key industries obstructed the na
tion’s recovery Droeram. noint
ing to a series of recent strikes
1 as proof.
I A record number—nearly 5 mil
j lion people—voted in the elec
I tions. Voting is compulsory in
: Australia.
The two opposing leaders, Mr.
Menzies and Mr. Chifley, were'
elected in their own constituencies, i
• Late reports indicated Dr. H. V.j
Evatt, deputy leader of the Labor
Party and former president of the
United Nations Assembly, would
be elected in Sydney’s Barton elec
toral district. At the close of
counting for the night. Dr. Evatt
had 19,036 votes to 18,579 for hist
opponent, Mrs. Nancy Wake. She '
is Australia’s most decorated '
woman. She parachuted into
‘France in World War II and was
a central figure in the election.
Marshal Petain Gains
ILE D’YEU, France, April 28 OP), i
—The condition of Henri Philippe:
Petain continues to improve, an
official medical bulletin said to- i
day. The 95-year-old prisoner i
stemed to be making an amazing
recivery from pneumonia and its
complications. A week ago he was
believed on the point of death.
a \
Dugan Cleared,
To Keep Job on
Arlington Board
Judge Ingram Rules
On Evidence During
Tenure of Office
BULLETIN
Daniel A. Dugan this after
noon was found not guilty of
malfeasance, misfeasance and
gross neglect of duty as a mem
ber of the Arlington County
Board. Judge John L. Ingram
said that is “my decision . . .
assuming that the acts charged
occurred in the current term,”
which began January 1. The
verdict means Mr. Dugan will
retain his board, position.
By Alex R. Preston
A decision is expected this after
noon in the case of Arlington
County Board Member, Daniel A
Dugan, who faces possible removal
from office on a grand jury's
charge of malfeasance.
Only three witnesses remain tc
be heard. Prosecution and defense
each has been alloted an hour tc
present arguments to Judge John
L. Ingram in Aldington Circuit
Court.
Special Prosecutor Oren R
Lewis indicated at the close ol
yesterday’s hearing that the wit
nesses should require less than 45
minutes to be heard.
Fenwick Testifies Today.
Those who were to testify today
ire State Senator Charles R. Fen
wick. Chairman I. Lee Potter of
the Arlington Republican Com
mittee and Harley N. Williams of
;he Better Government League.
Senator Fenwick was in Rich
mond when subpoenaes were is
sued for him and Edmund D.
Campbell yesterday.
Commonwealth’s Attorney Den
man T. Rucker, who disqualified
limself from prosecuting the case,
had testified as a witness that
Senator Fenwick and Mr. Camp
bell. both attorneys, had had a
small and indirect part in the in
vestigation leading to the grand
iury charges against Mr. Dugan
ind F. Freeland Chew, another
loard member.
Asked What He Knew.
Mr. Campbell was asked by
Prosecutor Lewis to tell what he
mew of the investigation.
“Mr. Rucker got in touch with
me inasmuch as I was the only
ittorney he knew of ever con
nected with ouster proceedings,”
Mr. Campbell said.
ivo-z, ivii. ^auipueu ueitfiiuea
L,yman Kelley, member of the
bounty Board, who was removed
:rom office on a grand jury pre
sentment similar to the present
3ugan charges of malfeasance in
office.
Mr. Lewis asked the witness if
ie furnished Mr. Rucker with the
lames of any witnesses in con
lection with the Dugan-Chew
iharges.
“I did not,” Mr. Campbell re
ilied.
“Did you furnish any informa
ion to Mr. Rucker during the
reparation of this investigation?”
he prosecutor asked.
“I did not. I knew of none,”
vas the answer.
Boothe Asked No Questions.
Defense Counsel Armistead
3ooth asked no questions.
Capt. C. Burns Pressley, acting
chief of police, was asked about
details relating to Mr. Dugan
oeing admitted to Arlington Hos
pital when the board member at
tempted to commit suicide last
month. While he related state
ments previously reported in the
press, Mrs. Dugan suddenly arose
rrom her chair, her eyes brimmed
(See DUGAN, Page_A-2.)
Daylight Time to Start Tonight;
Railroads, Airlines Not Affected
It will be later than you think
when dawn breaks tomorrow be
;ause an hour will be lost at 2
i.m. by the Daylight Saving Time
aw
Conformists will set their clocks
ihead an hour before they go to
bed tonight so they won’t be
startled in the morning by finding
jther people bustling about when
irdinarily they would be in bed.
Non-conformists, like the rail
•oads and airlines, will ignore the
shift. Clocks in their terminals
will remain on standard time.
3ut for the benefit of commuters,
local schedules will be shoved
ihead an hour in most instances,
lowever, the transportation people
said, travelers can avoid much
sonfusion by telephoning to check
schedules before they start for
he terminal.
The task of making residents
if the area one hour older while
shey sleep is a relatively easy one,
*
according to the people who have
to turn ahead thousands of clocks.
General Services Administration,
for instance, has solved the prob
lem with a routine order instruct
ing guards to push a button at
2 a.m. The button will set the
automatic clocks ahead an hour
in most Government buildings. In
the sprawling Pentagon Building
the task will be more difficult.
There are six buttons.
In temporary buildings the
guards will have to go around and
shove the clocks ahead one hour,
by hand, but they won’t mind be-1
cause they’ll get off an hour ear
lier than usual.
Policemen and firemen, for in
stance, will go to work at mid
night on an eight-hour shift, but
they’ll work only seven hours. In
September when the clocks are
turned back they’ll make it up by
working nine hours on an eight
hour shift.
d
r
.. BUT T'M
MOT 60ING TO
L' PULL IT'
A
Order Designed to Cut Prices
Of Beef to Be Issued Tonight
Dollars-and-Cents Ceilings and Rules
On Sale of Live Cattle to Be Announced
By James Y. Newton
The Government will issue new
regulations tonight designed to
bring about sizable reductions in
beef prices to consumers.
New orders will be announced
by the Office of Price Stabilization
setting actual dollars-and-cents
ceilings on beef prices at whole
sale and retail levels and regulat
ing the price packers may pay foi
live cattle.
Officials predicted there would
be a 4 to 5 cents per pound
cut in beef prices to consumers
in August and that a similar re
duction would follow next fall
The orders are being issued at
a time when cattle slaughter in
some cities is being reduced as
much as 90 per cent. Price offi
cials admit they are faced with
a tremendous meat distribution
problem.
The orders will provide for pro
gressive rollbacks in the prices of
live cattle—a new approach to
food-price control. The rollbacks
will come in three stages.
The first sizable reduction in
live cattle prices will be ordered
immediately. It was indicated it
would amount to 5 to 10 per cent.
Officials said wholesale and re
tail prices will not be reduced in
the first stage, but that there may
pe some adjustments next month
as a result of the effect on live
animal rollbacks.
Postponement of the first re
Juctions at wholesale and retail
levels will give feed lot operators
who fatten cattle for the market
a chance to clear their pens of
animals purchased at higher
prices. This will be done to pre
sent a possibly ruinous price
squeeze on the feeders.
The first broad reduction in
wholesale, retail and live cattle
prices is due about August, with a
(See CONTROLS. Page A-3.)
Iran House Asks Shah
To Name Leader in
Oil Fight as Premier
Surprise Move Comes
in Heated Drive to
Seize British^Firm
By the Associated Press
TEHERAN, Iran, April 28.—The
lower house of Parliament today
asked Shah Mohammed Rezi
Pahlevi to appoint Dr. Mohammed
Mossadegh, 76, the man who has
led the move to nationalize Iran’s
oil resources, as the country’s new
Premier.
The surprise move came in a
heated campaign to take over the
British-ow'ned Anglo-Iranian Oil
Co. immediately—an action which
Mnntnrw a --- - -
• xvv. vatv * VUAgiiUvivAl Vi A i VUIltl I
Hussein Ala and his cabinet last
night.
After indorsing Dr. Mossadegh
to succeed Mr. Ala, the Majlis
(lower house) began debating the
oil nationalization resolution
drafted by the parliamentary oil
commission Thursday night to
demand immediate government
seizure of the vast petroleum
riches in the country. The Majlis
then adjourned and is expected toi
vote on the issue later this after-;
noon.
Shah Reported Furious.
The Shah was reported furious
at the latest Majlis action, which
apparently was aimed at trying
to force his hand in appointing
strongly nationalistic Dr. Mossa
degh as Premier. Western diplo
mats also were deeply worried
because they fear Dr. Mossadegh’s
oil policies may bring chaos, open
ing the way to infiltration-of in
(See IRAN, Page A-3.)
Mobilizer Wilson
In Paris for Talk
With 'MacArthur'
By the Associoted Press
PARIS, April 28.—Charles Wil
son, United States defense mo
bilizer, arrived here today for de
fense production conferences and
brought eyebrows climbing sky
high with the announcement:
‘ I have come to talk things over
with Gen. MacArthur.”
He gulped and stammered:
“I mean with Gen. Eisenhower.”
The slip of the tongue was un
derstandable since he had just
shaken hands with Douglas Mac
Arthur, jr.—the general’s nephew
—who is attached to Gen. Eisen
hower’s staff. Gen. Eisenhower
was on hand to greet Mr. Wilson.
Vote Bill Rewritten
After Queuille Threat
By the Associated Press
PARIS, April 28.—French Pre
mier Henri Queuille told the Na
tional Assembly today to take up
the election reform bill immedi
ately or his cabinet can’t hold to
gether much longer.
Mr. Queuille tried to resign yes
terday.
An election reform bill, passed
a month ago, failed yesterday to
get the required absolute majority
of 311 votes on second reading
Assembly President Edouard
Herriot, moving swiftly to try to
stave off Mr. Queuille’s resigna
tion, ordered the bill sent back to
the committee for revision.
Parliamentarians were busy dis-*
cussing today whether such a
move was constitutionally legal,
for when the bill comes back it
then will be up for a third read
ing.
The same parliamentarians also
said it was not clear whether once
the Assembly passed the bill a
third time, it should go again to
the upper house, the Council of
the Republic. The upper house
helped create this confusion by
rejecting the Assembly's bill, thus
requiring the Assembly to put up
311 votes to get it repassed.
I—-1
Mattress No One
Wanted at Sale
Yields $8,400 *
By the Associated Press
WINDEMERE, England,
April 28. — The auctioneer
couldn’t raise even a shilling
bid for a tattered Old mat
tress up for sale with other
household odd lots.
A porter started to carry it
away. The mattress burst
open . . . out spilled £3,000
($8,400) in notes and gold
sovereigns.
Now authorities are trying
to find the owner.
Senate Crime Report
Due to Throw 'Book'
At O'Dwyer Monday
Committee Source Says
Language Is Strong
Despite Final Revisions
By the Associated Press
A Senate Crime Committee
source said today the groups
coming report will “pull no
punches.” One of the highlights
will be the committee's findings
on its sensational investigation in
New York.
Members of the committee and
its staff, still working on the re
port, called another meeting to
day after sending a sixth draft
of the document to Government
printers late last night.
The report is due for submis
sion to the Senate Monday
Chairman Kefauver said today il
would be filed then despite a de
sire by some members of the staff
to hold it for further revision.
A section of the report dealing
with the committee's New York
probe was said to use some
“strong language” about William
O'Dwyer, former New York Mayor
who now is Ambassador to Mexico.
«in# Will R>
“It really hits him with the
book.’’ said a committee source
who was unwilling to be quoted
by name. Although the New York
section has been rewritten in the
latest draft, this source told a
reporter that the changes were of
a perfecting nature and in no
way took out the sting.
There was no evidence of any
political division within the com
mittee over the report conclusions
reached during the committee’s
year-long, Nation-wide probe of
the underworld.
Some dissension among the
committee’s staff was evident,
however, to those in close touch
with the group’s work.
A good deal of the report was
drafted in New York and some
members of the committee’s
Washington staff were understood
to have had their first chance yes
terday to read this section.
Some Conclusions Unsupported.
They reportedly felt that some
of the conclusions had been based
on charges that could not be sup
ported by evidence.
Although they would prefer that
presentation of the document to
the Senate be delayed, they were
understood to feel that it still is
possible to whip it into acceptable
shape by Monday.
The Crime Committee’s _life w:as
extended last week until Septem
ber 1, and some members feel
that it no longer is necessary to
meet the original April 30 dead
line for filing the report.
Chairman Kefauver, however,
plans to turn over the chairman
ship of the committee on Tues
day to Senator O’Conor, Demo
crat, of Maryland, and is anxious
to file the group’s findings and
legislative recommendations prior
to that. This is also true of
Rudolph Halley, the committee’s
chief counsel, who likewise plans
to quit at the end of the month.
31 Persons Seized
in Numbers Raid
A five-man vice squad raid early
today netted 31 persons On dis
orderly conduct charges and one
man charged with setting up a dice
table and illegal sale and posses
sion of liquor.
Due in Municipal Court today
is Cornelius Pitts, 28, colored, of
the 2000 block of Maryland avenue
N.E., where the raid was staged
in his .basement apartment. The
others posted $5 collateral each
for later court appearance if they
choose.
The place was invaded on a
United States commissioner’s war
rant after being under observation
for several days.
Heads Italian Senate
ROME, April 28 (IP).—Enrico de
Nicola, former president of Italy,
today was elected president of the
Senate. His appointment follows
the death of Ivanoe Bonomi, who
died April 20.
Allies Withdraw
To Line 4 Miles
North of Seoul
Uijongbu Seized by
Reds as U. N. Army
Continues Retreat
BULLETIN
TOKYO, Sunday </P).—Allied
troops today withdrew to a new
defense perimeter roughly 4
miles north of Seoul.
By the Associated hrtss
TOKYO. April 28.—Communist
troops today captured Uijongbu on
the historic invasion route only 11
miles fiorth of Seoul,
j The United States 8th Army an
nounced the vital road hub was in
enemy hands, but gave no details.
Allied forces on the Korean
western front began falling back
through Uijongbu yesterday.
Allied artillery in Seoul fired
throughout today at the onrushing
Reds.
United Nations forces continued
pulling back on central and east
ern fronts, but reported no contact
with the Reds.
Red Reserves Reach Front.
The Red Korean Pyongyang
radio said tonight that Commu
nist reserves had reached the bat
tlefront. The official Communist
station usually reports develop
ments at least three days after
they take place.
The broadcast heard in Tokio
said "Korean and Chinese people's
volunteers are now inflicting heavy
damage on the enemy throughout
the front. We have this time
poured a new reserve^force on
the battlefield on one of those
f-onts and it is taking a heavy
toll of American lives.”
Allied battlefront sources, how
ever, said the withdrawal was in
good order.
All along the 100-mile battle
front Allied forces have pulled
back into South Korea.
They have killed or wounded
more than 41,500 Reds in their
fighting withdrawal.
300,000 Drive on Seoul.
The Reds mounted their biggest
offensive on the Western front.
Some 300,000 troops were driving
on Seoul.
Tens of thousands of civilians
fled the South Korean capital,
i A South Korean- flag flew over
the big gray city hall in Seoul
today, but the building was empty.
A British regimental sergeant
major directed the removal of the
British royal crest from over the
door of the British Embassy,
i Thirty American cargo planes
landed yesterday at Kimpo, big
airport northwest of the old cap
ital. with war supplies. The
planes carried away Allied mili
tary personnel
Some of the planes returned to
wien oases m japan punctured by
bullets. There were no reports of
casualties.
Reds Fail to Crack Line.
On the east-central front, Red
forces crashed into United Na
tions positions before dawn today
east of Yanggu, but faded to crack
the line.
About 100 North Koreans cut
through the no-man’s land section
around the abandoned town at the
east end of the Hwachon Reser
voir . It was the only major action
today along that sector.
In the west-central sector, the
Adies gave up Kapyong to the
Reds. Kapyong, 35 air miles
northeast of Seoul, is on the Chun
chon-Seoul highway.
The Reds cut the highway too
late to trap any United Nations
forces. Eighth Army headquar
ters reports said all U. N. forces
had quit the area.
Chunchon itself still was in
Allied hands. But it was in the
path of another 100,000 Reds
coming south down the mountain
ous spine of Korea.
Field dispatches said Communist
pressure was being exerted on
Allied troops falling back from the
Hwachon Reservoir area north of
Chunchon.
Apparently, however, all Allied
troops late today were safely
south of the 38th Parallel in that
sector.
Nowhere,-except in the East
(See KOREA, Page A-5.)
M l.l ■ a. . _
brifisn to Probe Blast
Of Ship at Gibraltar
By the Associated Press
LONDON, April 28. — Naval
aimament experts are flying to
Gibraltar today to examine the
rums of the British ammunit on
ship Bcdenham. which blew up
there yesterday with a reported
toll of eight dead and more than
1,000 injured.
An Admiralty spokesman said
the possibility of sabotage prompt
ed the decision to send investiga
tors to the scene.
Several London morning news
papers said naval experts were
accompanied by military intelli
gen»e officials, but this could not
be confirmed.
The Bedenham reached Gibral
tar harbor last Tuesday. She car
ried ammunition for the British
naval bases there and at Malta.
The explosion came as shells were
being unloaded into the lighter.
Witnesses described the blast as
the ‘‘worst ever heard.-’ It
smashed nearly all the windows
In the town of Gibraltar and
shattered others in La Linea, near
ly a mile away.
A

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