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WASHINGTON, P. C. Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICEi 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 420 Lexington Ave. CHICAGO OFFICEi 433 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier. Evening end Sunday. Evening Sunday Monthly .1.50* Monthly _1.10” Monthly _43* Weekly - 33c Weekly _ 25c Weekly _10c *10e additional far Night Final Edition. Rates by Mail—Payable is Advance Anywhere In United State* Evening and Sunday. Evening Sunday 1 year -18.00 1 yeai -11 JO I year .. 7.50 6 months- 9.30 6 month* 6.00 6 months _4.00 1 month - 1.60 1 month 1.10 1 month _70t telephone STerllng 3000 Entered at the Post Office Washington, 0. C as second-class mail matter. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper a* well as all A. P. news dispatches. A—12 TUESDAY, May 15, 1*51 .11 ■—----- i' , Joint Goal: A Cleaner Potomac Virginia’s Water Control Board has done the sensible thing in giving its qualified blessing to a regional engineering survey of sewage-disposal problems across the Potomac River. While it is true that the survey could have been conducted without the board’s official approval, Alexandria’s participation in the joint enterprise was uncer tain otherwise. For Alexandria, quite under standably, was reluctant to share the survey costs if the State board insisted on action in advance of the technical study. Such action might have produced sewage-treatment facilities wholly at variance with recommendations of the survey firms, with consequent serious loss of public money. me approval oi me survey plan wmcn me State Water Control Board has given is a condi tional one. The board has not as yet agreed to postpone the July 1, 1952, deadline for establish ment of an adequate sewage plant in Alexan dria. It has agreed, however, to accept periodic reports on survey progress in lieu of other “ac tion reports” which had been demanded of the city. Implicit in this agreement, of course, is the probability that if the survey reports show progress toward a satisfactory plan for joint treatment of sewage in the Alexandria-Arlington Fairfax-Falls Church area, time will be granted for putting the plan into effect. After all, the State board and the nearby Virginia communities have their eyes on the same objective, the cleaning up of the nearly septic Potomac River at the earliest practicable date. The only differences have been over the best method or methods of attaining that objec tive—whether it would be better to tackle the job immediately on a piecemeal, independent basis or await the results of the survey and possibly join hands in an over-all disposal system that would be more effective in the long run and would, per haps, save money for the taxpayers. The State board had been insisting on immediate, inde pendent action until last week’s conference in Richmond. Alexandria’s representative at the conference, Councilman Albert A. Smoot, summed the situation up forcefully when he told the board: “I would hate to have the responsi bility on my shoulders of making a decision to go ahead with something costly that, in the near future, would be totally inadequate and unusable.” rtitAauui id o piuMicixi is uixx.ex.ciu, nuin uiitt of either Arlington or Fairfax County. Both of the counties have the money and the plans for separate treatment plants and both will proceed with those projects, hoping that the new facilities will fit in with an over-all disposal plan. Alex andria has delayed action because of the recent annexation proceedings and other complications. The State board naturally has been impatient with these delays and resentful of Alexandria’s seeming defiance of the board in the case of the Hunting Towers apartment, sewage from which empties into the river without treatment. How ever, Alexandria was the first to propose joint treatment facilities, a move which finally led to adoption of the survey plan. It is now evident that Alexandria is sincerely concerned over the river’s pollution and that the city will spare no effort to arrive at an early abatement of condi tions. The State board has indicated its willing ness to meet Alexandria and the other nearby Jurisdictions half way on the regional survey and action proposal. It is up to the local communities to live up to their end of the bargain by pressing for early completion of the survey and losing no time in acting on the engineers’ report. Alarming Growth of Dope Racket The growing menace of the illicit drug traffic in this country justifies the decision of the Senate Crime Investigating Committee to conduct a special inquiry into this dark phase of the crime picture. Almost daily the police here and in other parts of the country find evidence of the relationship between drug addiction and law lessness of various sorts^from thefts and forgery to sex outrages and other crimes of violence. An Arlington youth who has just confessed to grand larceny had marihuana in his pockets when arrested An increasing number of nar cotics cases is being presented to the District grand jury. Local police have started a special crackdown on drug peddlers. Tnrilrative nf the wlriesnreart extent of the dope racket is the disclosure in New York City of a connection between the startling rise in mail box thefts and the drug habit. A study by the New York Times shows that between six and eight of every ten persons arrested in New York in recent weeks for theft of State and Federal checks from mailboxes are drug addicts. Only a year or so ago the proportion was about one in ten. Mailbox thievery Jias increased sharply in New York and other large cities since World War II, the pace keeping significantly close to the rise in narcotics law violations. Although the Kefauver committee concen trated its attention on gambling and related rackets, it received much testimony indicating that drug addiction is becoming a major law enforcement problem. The committee, in its latest report, warned that the use of heroin and marihuana has zoomed alarmingly, despite vigorous efforts of Federal and local authorities to suppress the sale of these dangerous drugs. The committee attributed the rise largely to growth of the smuggling racket. “A most dis quieting feature,” the committee said, “is that in several localities, principally in large cities, a substantial proportion of the new addicts are young people persons in their late teens and early twenties. At the present time this phase of the narcotics problem is a matter of acute public interest and widespread alarm. In >one city alone a civic crime-prevention group, in its study of the narcotics problem, estimated that the value of property stolen annually to provide the addicts j|ith funds to buy dope is $60 ^lillion." On the basis of Its cursory observation of the drug evil, the group suggested that violators are being dealt with too leniently. It was pointed out that the average prison sentence for drug offenses is under two years. The Narcotics Bureau recently criticized the “soft” attitude of some Federal courts toward narcotics offenders. The courts in the District, it was declared, have a general reputation for “softness” in this field. The bureau also is seeking a substantial increase in its staff of agents for next year, in order to cope with the expanding drug rackets. These and other problems of drug-law enforcement need more study than the committee was able to give them during its previous investigations. Something Big in the Wind'? Despite mounting indications that the Chi nese Communists may launch a massive new offensive at any moment, some members of the Senate committees investigating our Korean policy have suddenly begun to strike a note of cautious optimism. What fchey have hinted at— rather cryptically—is the possibility that the war may be brought to a satisfactory end in the relatively near future. Thus, Republican Senator Flanders of Ver mont has made the statement that there “seems to be something big in the wind" that may sup port Defense Secretary Marshall’s belief that the forces of the United Nations are moving toward a successful conclusion of the war in Korea. Similarly. Democratic Senator Kefauver of Ten nessee has let it be known that he has a “definite feeling” that those in command of our American and allied operations have a plan “which makes —_A.—_1_«__11_i_i_i . •• uuvwmc iuua upbiuiiouv. It may well be, of course, that Senators Flanders and Kefauver have given voice to nothing more than wishful thoughts without any real facts to back them up. Yet, though events may prove them to be altogether wrong, they are both able legislators with a sense of respon sibility, and their participation in the investiga tion of General MacArthur’s dismissal has placed them in a position where they may have heard off-the-record information warranting the hope ful tone of their remarks. In the circumstances, it is not unreasonable to feel that what they have hinted at, whether discreetly or not, may have a lot of substance in it. That is to say, there may indeed be a genuine possibility that the Korean war—either by military means or politi cal negotiations—-can be ended sooner than has been generally supposed. As a matter of fact, unless Moscow is ready to precipitate an all-out war in Asia by enabling Peiping to throw big air armadas and submarine forces against the U. N. in Korea, it is difficult to see how the Chinese Communists can profit from continuing the struggle much longer. They have suffered very grievous casualties—some times at a ratio running as high as 50 to 1—and they will continue to suffer them unless they can match our far superior firepower and effectively challenge our present dominance of the sea and sky. Their losses have been many times greater than ours. For example, as General Marshall has testified, our casualty rate, which has been sharply reduced since June, averaged three tenths of 1 per cent of every 100 men engaged in battle from January through April. By way of contrast, in terms of dead and wounded, the enemy lost upwards of 25 per cent of the 300,000 troops taking part in, last month’s ill-starred of fensive against our American and allied armies. How long can the Chinese Communists af ford to suffer such tremendous losses? If they strike again—as they seem to be getting ready to do—and if thev deceive the same kind nf fpnr some punishment, will they still have stomach fox the battle? Their population is vast, but their army is by no means limitless, and they must be asking themselves what they can gain in the end if the only thing they have to show for their efforts is the decimation of their trained troops. Certainly, unless the Kremlin is prepared to help them offset our great edge in firepower and crack our air and naval control, they have every reason to give serious thought right now to ending their aggression in Korea and negotiating for a settlement. In sum, coupled with persistent rumors that the Peiping regime- is having trouble with the Chinese people and that its relations with Mos cow have soured a bit, the fact that its forces in Korea have been terribly mauled lends plausi bility to Senator Flanders’ hopeful observation about “something big in the wind” and Senator Kefauver’s “definite feeling” that there may be reason for optimism At any rate, assuming that the leaders of Red China are not anxious to see their army destroyed on an installment-plan basis, it does not seem entirely inconceivable that they may be looking for a way out. If that is the truth of the situation, then the Korean struggle may in fact come to an end in the not too distant future. In that case, need less to say, the President’s rejection of General MacArthur’s military proposals will be vindicated ' in a striking manner, and the world at large— for a while at least—will be relieved of the im minent threat of another global war. But this is a wholly speculative matter that' only events themselves can clarify. Much as we may hope for the best, we had better keep our fingers crossed and hold our wishfulness in check. Senator Russell's Warning There have been, on the whole, surprisingly few leaks from the Senate committee conducting the closed-doors investigation of the MacArthur controversy. Nevertheless, Chairman Russell was fully justified in urging upon his colleagues the need for even greater caution. Military secrets vital to the security of the Nation are being unveiled in the course of the committee hearings. This has to be dbne if the investigation is to serve its purpose. But this candor on the part of the witnesses makes it all the more essential that the Senators guard against any disclosure of secret information. Senator Russell said he has seen two published reports quoting unidentified committee members on information that was given to the committee in strict confidence. In other words, there have been at least two leaks. These may or may not have been important. The point is, however, that the disclosure of even one piece of restricted information might be of great value to the enemy, or, as Chairman Russell suggested, might even cost the lives of American troops in Korea. So the need for discretion cannot be over emphasized. It is true, ' as Senator Bridges charged, that there have been leaks from the executive establishment. The giving out of the report of the Wake Island conference, probably with the President’s concurrence, is a case in point. But one security breach does not justify another, and some of the infdfination being put before the committee is of much greater impor tance from a security standpoint than the report of the Wake Island conference. The committee members would do well to follow the example set by their chairman. Senar tor Russell has been a model of fairness and discretion in the conduct of this investigation. And he has a right to expect that all of his asso ciates on the committee will be equally cir cumspect. | The 'Green Thumb' Clan Answers an Ad The Political Mill Watchword of G .0. P. To Be 'Remember 1948' Leaders to Fight Complacency In Belief of Election Victory By Gould Lincoln KANSAS CITY.—Republican leaders from all parts of the country, who gathered recently in Tulsa for a meeting of the Republican. National Committee, expressed'their belief that if a national election were held today the Truman administration would be thrown out by an overwhelming vote. They were equally insistent thgt complacency—in the belief of victory—shall not mar their chance in the campaign and election of 1952. Their watchword will be, “Remem ber 1948.” A summation of the many speeches delivered in Tulsa by Republican Gov ernors, members of Congress and of the National Committee forecasts the Re publican campaign. The issues will be— on the domestic- side—redemption from low-grade Government morality, in other words “turn the rascals out,” and on the international side, coddling the Com munists both in this country and abroad. They are powerful issues, which in large measure were responsible for Republican victories in many States last November. The ammunition to be used in such a campaign has vastly increased since those elections. Declares public “Outraged.” One of the new young Republican Gov ernors'who addressed the Tulsa gather ing was Gov. Edward F. Am of Kansas. Here is his proposal: “I am advocating that we tell the whole sordid story in its stark and deadly details. I urge that we picture the unholy alliances of gangsters and of politicians in high places. I suggest tfiat we remind the people of. the stubborn refusal of the party in power to clean its own house. Whether it be mink coats from the RFC or deep freezers engineered by a military aide, the public is outraged by immorality. I am sure the public stands with us in demanding integrity in our public officials.” Gov. Walter J. Kohler of Wisconsin, another one of the new group of Gov ernors who are giving hope to the G. O. P. in the Midwest, took the same line—that the campaign must be couched along fighting lines. To earn the support of the voters, he said the Republican Party must be “one of prin ciple,” but it must also get away from generalities about economy in govern ment, the virtues of free enterprise, the dangers of Inflation, padded payrolls and government waste. He wants the party to throw away the gloves and do some bare-knuckle fighting. In support of a demand that com placency be totally avoided. Gov. Koh ler pointed out that in 1948 it seemed inconceivable that a national admin istration which “condoned election frauds, held hands with grafting offi cials of the Pendergast machine, ac cepted the political support of gamblers and gangsters, and retained in positions of honor and trust men who admitted ly used their positions of influence for personal gain, could be re-elected.” But, he pointed out, it was and it might win again next year, unless the people get all the facts. Millikin States Issue. The most powerful statement on the Issue of Truman diplomacy and the handling of foreign affairs came from Senator Millikin of Colorado, who like the Governors demanded there be “no mincing around with the issues.” Trac ing the buildup of Communist Russia and then of Communist China to the support given them first by the Roose velt and then by the Truman adminis tration, Senator Millikin said: “There is only one ultimate test of the success of our foreign policy—does it work, does it keep us out of war, the pitiless revelator of insolvent peace plans.” And now although we have no peace, but war in Korea, Senator Milli kin warned his listeners that the “cun ning switcheroos” are trying to palm off the Truman Democrats as “the peace party.” “It’s their last big lie.” he con tinued. “They have gone too far. They have irretrievably offended the deepest emotions of our people.” Also the Republicans intend to drive home the coddling of Reds and Red sympathizers in this country. A quip by Representative O. K. Armstrong, a Re publican elected to his first term in the House last November, gives the line. He told the National Committee that when he arrived in Washington he met a man on the street and asked: “Do you reach the State Department by go ing down Constitution avenue and turn ing to the right?” The man’s reply, Mr. Armstrong said, was: “No, you go to Harvard and turn to the left.” Questions and Answers Th* 8tAr‘* r'*d,rs c»n ret the answer to S’ ouestion of fret by either writtnr The E st“r Information Kureau '200 I atreet N W Washirrton 5 P C and inclosinr 3 cenU retort) onstaee nr n» teieohontnr KT ?3«3 By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. What is the inscription upon the foundation stone of the Washington Cathedral?—W D. A. The inscription is, “The Word was Made Flesh and Dwelt Among Us.” The stone was brought from Bethlehem and set in place in 1907. Q. How did the passenger pigeon get ts name?—L. G. R. A. The name is taken from the con spicuous habit which these birds pos sessed of passing from one part of the sountry to another in enormous flocks. Q. Please name the first watchmaker n the United States.—A. H. L, A. The first watchmaker in this coun try was Luther Goddard. In 1807 he jpened a shop in Shrewsbury, Mass. Q. Who participated in the first prize aght to draw a million dollars in gate •eceipts?—A. J. P. A. The first boxing match to draw a nillion-dollar gate was the Dempsey Carpentier bout of July 2, 1921. Gate receipts were $1,789,238. Circus Eve Alarms are set for 3 a.m. Beside long-legged, youthful vim In horizontal, brief reprieve On a salient circus eve. But youth’s impatience never waits Appointed hours or open gates: A circus train, pre-schedule, steams In upon his track of dreams, And all the animals are led Like miracles across his bed, Inviting eager youth to straddle The camel’s back on a pillow-saddle. When clock hand on the hour of three Sets off the shrill calliope , A tired boy crawls through the rent In a crumpled, linen circus tent. ( Lillian Grant | b To the Editor of The Star; ALL I wanted was to rent a garden space. So I invested (6.08 in classi fied lineage in The Star. What I got lor my money was a rich, new knowl edge of the tug of the soil at the human hpart, and a warm reminder- of the fraternal tie that binds the Order of the Green Thumb. ' • The ad itself was on the saucy order, as may be seen in the accompanying picture. “That," I advised my wife categori cally, “is a sheer masterpiece. It insults people with small kids, and they won’t call. It makes me out the chilly, brood ing type, and that eliminates the mob that falls in love with seed catalogs every year. We won’t hear from any one except a few practical souls within shooting distance from right here.” I was a fool. Forty-seven persons callfd, not count ing three or four who called two or three times—and not counting one fel low who called seven times. No call was in the strictly nuisance class. The great majority of them were ftom people who read into my flippant language an ex pression of the yearning in their own hearts—the yearning to make some thing grow in the earth. For five evenings, I was anchored to my telephone. Strangers poured out their family troubles, their illnesses and mortgage problems. Drunks with weird real estate propositions cussed me out for not accepting them. A displaced person pricked my conscience by saying that he who loves the soil must have one time walked with God. There were finishing school accents and garbled English; Dixie drawls and w»*v V A V4 V«*V AtvA VAi W V0Vt There were bids to move out to the country and name my own rent: invita tions just to “come see us and tell us what’s wrong with our garden”: in vitations to commute me back and forth to remote spots miles beyond the DistricMwundaries. There was the soft-voiced woman who told me at once that the little plot she had wouldn’t suit me, she knew —but she wanted to talk to me any way. “For,” she said, “I do love to dig in the earth, but now I must do it from a chair.” She sounded very frail. There was the young fellow whose wife had been suddenly sentenced to a prolonged bed-rest—and their first baby was a few months old. “We got this place,” he said, “and we were going to have a garden, you see. Our first gar den—and now she’s ill. But I’m grow ing some tomato plants in the base ment anyway, and something green is coming up. Do you think perhaps it’s the tomatoes?” He was afraid his place was well out of my way. he said, but perhaps, if I couldn’t find anything else, it might suit me. And he hoped it would, for he didn’t know much about gardens him self. “Almost nothine ” he Raid “But wouldn’t it be wonderful to have some thing grdwing to show her by fall?” There was the lass with the sort of voice that bounced like a lid on bubbling laughter underneath—enchantingly typ ical of a certain social set. It waSTabout her father-in-law she was calling, really. He had a “marvelous yard,” but he wasn’t up to working it himself, and he was—well—a little crochety and couldn’t stand hired help messing with it. “But if you’d take it over—” and the gay, bubbly voice flattered me silly and promoted me at least to the gentleman jockey class, so to speak. “You# love father,* she said. *‘He*s very lovable._ and if he could only meet you first...” I might have learned to love father at that. There was the chap with “a whale of a deal for me,” and he was among those who had obviously communed at some length with labeled spirits. “Out of the Army after 30 years, that’s me,” he said. “Got myself 22 blankety-blank acres and a blankety blank swell new station wagon. Going to farm this blankety-blank real estate, too. Had it on my mind 30 years—30 long years. Only I need a guy who knows what it’s all about. Go you fifty-fifty, and I pay for everything. Haul you out and back any time—day or night." I had a mental picture of self and ex Army chum careening madly toward his 22 acres in his brand-new station wagon. I regretfully begged off. He called me a blankety-blank, and hung up in a pet. I marveled that the tug of the soil could be so evident among so many peo ple who patently had little or no expe rience with the earth—not even in child hood. And I marveled, too, how the tug of the soil survives the clattering distraction of the industrial age—and a diet of vegetables that are seemingly planted and grown in the deep-freeze at the corner market. It never dawned on any of those priceless, delightful and sometimes pa thetic people that they might be wast ing time for a guy who had advertised a straight-out business proposition, set ting forth exactly what he wanted in $6.08-worth of agate type. And it never dawned on me to say so either—or suggest it. For a little mo ment, I was high priest and confessor in the Mvstic Order of the Green Thumb. I reveled in it—and I was humbled. I never found my garden space. Every offering was outside my geographic limits. But no one ever mentioned rent, and each one to whom I put the ques tion brushed it off. And I sensed that to pursue the point would be akin to passing insult. ,“Just tell him he can have our lot for nothing,” said a cryptic message relayed to me by a helpful soul who unfortu nately forgot the call-back number that came with it. “Tell him we know how he feels. Tell him we know what it’s like to have a green thumb—and no place to exer cise it.” Gerald W. Movius. Letters to The Star Pen-names may be used if letters carry writers’ correct names and addresses. All letters are subject to condensation. Wisconsin Cheese? The Star’s cartoon of May 9, by .Gib Crockett, carries on the MacArthur cam paign to win approval of his strategy. It shows Mr. Truman firing a tiny, anti quated cannon, symbolizing a weak reply to the general. Mr. Truman’s speech was, for me, a far more cogent one than Gen. Mac Arthur’s. It was full of a deep sense of responsibility, and mindful of the terri ble hazards of plunging the world into another general war. Gen. MacArthur’s speech was, to a certain extent, moving, but there the comparison ends. His subsequent testi mony was as full of holes and airy noth ingness as a Swiss cheese Where his course would end, nobody knows. I have absolute confidence in the strategy being followed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It is reasonable and down to earth, where we can watch every step we take. We would all do well to remember at this dangerous time: “Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.’’ Reader. Give or Take? Your editorial May 6, “Givers Deserve Relief.” was, to my mind, poorly cap tioned. Rather than “givers” I think it is the campaign workers who deserve relief and that the whole breakdown in multiple campaigns will come when campaigns are unable to find workers rather than givers. — Requests for money by mail are so numerous it becomes relatively easy to reject them, knowing full well there will be no personal follow up. The take of the combined campaigns is not large for a city the size of Washington with an average annual income that com pares favorably with nearly any other city. One joint campaign next year would fall short of even the small total of the many this year, but one cam paign in several years would no doubt find that it exceeded the many “worthy” campaigns on this year’s schedule. I indorse Budget Director Fowler’s suggestion and urge that serious con sideration once more be given to a pri marily “welfare” drive, a primarily “health” drive, and that a third cam paign for "civic” enterprises be con sidered to include other essential drives. Tired Campaigner. * * Your editorial, “Givers Deserve Re lief,” deserves approval and also sup plementation. The “organized solicitation” of em ployes in Government buildings or at similar places of employment should be forbidden by law. Such solicitation is a misuse of public property and of time paid for with public funds, as well as an encroachment on the rights of employes. Municipal employes ty cities con trolled by corrupt political bosses are shaken down regularly for campaign funds. But those in charge of the nu merous drives to raise funds for the support of charity and other purposes should not imitate such practice. The regular procedure in major drives is to set up a multimillion-dollar goal and to assign quotas to the various agencies, departments, divisions or sec tions. The official at the head of each agency then determines a quota for each empioye and sees that each receives a written notice of what he should pay. Then the employe pays, unless he is ready to be fired. Such payments are politely called donations, but for many employes they are nothing more than assessments collected by organized force. Some Congressmen using similar pres sure on their employes to raise cam paign funds for re-election have found themselves convicted of illegal practice and sentenced to prison. Extorting kickbacks from Government employes for raising charity funds and for similar purposes should be equally illegal. The fundamental attitude of drive leaders is wrong. They decide arbi trarily on a dollar goal and figure on the fee that each assessee is to pay The assumption then evidently is that each person on the list actually owes the sum opposite his name and that he is downright dishonest if he does not pay in full. But the high-pressure fund raisers should be taught the cruel fact that the take-home pay of an em ploye is absolutely and irrevocably his own, every penny of it, to spend as he pleases. Of course, he wili probably give something to charity. Government officials and private em ployes should be forbidden by law to solicit in any way or place a contribu tion from an employe. George Frederick Miller. itorm .Warning MacArthur may be wrong in think ing the Soviets may be passive if his views are carried out now. Our country is in better shape to combat any move to attack us. I believe he knows that, too. His idea to have Chiang Kai-shek’s assistance on our side is a wise sug gestion Our allies’ help has been almost nil We are practically going it alone. The opposition to MacArthur’s way will never bring about lasting peace. They may prolong it for awhile, in hopes they are laid away in their graves in time to escape the deluge of misery which is sure to cohie. The question now is when is the accepted time to act to ease this deluge of misery which we fee is in the making. F. D. R. pre dicted the event, when asked what the future would bring, by saying: After me the deluge. MacArthur has the answers, fore sight ana directive of the whole prob lem. He must feel a glorious satisfac tion anc* consolation at witnessing mil lions of living statues bestowing admira tion on him. F. H. Schulz. Those Were the Days Did you know you cannot mail a letter after 6:15 in the Southeast sec tion of Washington?' Or that you cannot mail a package by parcel post in the eastern part of the United States after 6 p.m. or before 8 a.m.? How would you suggest a person who works the usual office hours avail him self of the facilities of our great postal system—and still be honest with his employer? Has the ordinary bloke been so for gotten that the United States Post Office is not concerned whether he writes his letter or mails his package, but concerns itself only with the mer chant who opens at 8 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.? Even in my youth. 30 to 40 years ago, the postman made the rounds of the boxes and emptied them about 9 p.m. each evening. It seems we are going backwards. Is it good business to dis regard the 3 cents that would be paid out for each personal letter that would be written after dinner, if the little fellow thought it would be delivered the next morning? Harry Sheehan. This and That . . . By Charles E. Tracev/ell Hawk and sparrow Both killed, and at the same time— This is the strange story of W. L. P. of New York avenue, who writes: “I was working at my desk, when I was startled by a thud against the building. “I ran into the hall and out the front door. “To my astonishment I saw the end of a natural tragedy. “For on one step lay a little sparrow; on a step above a hawk. “Both had dashed against the yellow brick wall—pursuer and pursued stilled in death. * * “I wish that I could paint the pic ture—the subtle shadings of brown and gray in the hawk’s feathers, the power ful beak and talons, the graceful out stretched wings, all seemed alive. “There was no hint as yet of the cold stiffness to come. “I was deeply stirred by the spectacle. I imagined the terror of the sparrow. How could it match strength and speed with its assailant? Would its fate have been any kinder had it/ missed the wall? “I wondered how far the chase had led? “Was it a sudden swerve In the des perate flight of the sparrow that tricked the skillful hawk to its doom? “Perhaps the sparrow instinctively trusted civilisation to protect it worn attack, only to And, even as we, that security is not always there.” •k k It is difficult in such cases to know exactly what happened. In most instances the Aight of a hawk after a smaller bird is only 20 feet or less. This is the way it happens: The hawk flies into a tree or shrub near a group of birds. Sometimes he is able to do this with out attracting attention. Mostly, however, his wings give notice of his presence, since they are so much larger than those of most birds The shadows they cast are not In the songbird class and smaller species have been taught over the centuries that such wings presage them no good. In case he is undetected, the hawk perches at leisure, selects a single bird as his target— Then he launches himself straight as an arrow, and seldom misses. In case he has been observed, the smaller birds instantly fly away, as fast as they can, but usually they make the mistake of grouping in a bush not far enough away. The smaller birds seem to believe that once in among the leaves they are safe, but nothing is farther from the truth. Here again things are not what they seem, because the hawk has seen them go In and knows their exact place ment. , Again selecting a target he literally 4 flies at it, picking off his prey with unerring aim. Usually the prey is killed instantly .by the sharp claws, which are most formidable weapons, as our correspond ent observed. Then the hawk begins to tear the victim to pieces with its bill. Here is another perfect weapon, and perfectly used. Hawks like to take to the ground, immediately after seizing a smaller bird, to tear it to bits in this way. Often all that remains within a few seconds are a few pathetic feathers. Sometimes observers ascribe such a pile, of feathers to a cat, but in 99 per cent of the cases it was a hawk. * * Probably the hawk of this particula story was chasing the sparrow and either had caught it and' plunged into the wall with it, or both headed for the wall at the same time. The sparrow was not seeking help from man. but was driven solely by a desire to escape and in so doing might have lost his usual ability to escape striking buildings, drawing the pursuing hawk after him. Birds, in the main, maiyige to avoid striking buildings. Occasionally they do; we have seen a robin, partridge and sparrow killed tn this way, but only these three instances in 20 years. Some times birds stfike against window screens, but her* again not more than four times in 20 years.