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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 27, 1951, Image 1

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Sunny, warm, high 95 today. Fair to- Tr
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*—-——---—-—— An Associated Press Newspaper
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U. N. Draws Line
For Cease-Fire
At Truce Session
Allies Believed Firm
On Position Along
Present Battle Front
By Robert B. Tuckmon
Associated Press War Correspondent
TERS, Korea, July 27.—The Allies:
told the Communists today where i
they want to draw the cease-fire
line in Korea—and why.
Vice Admiral Turner Joy,
chief United Nations delegate, ex
plained the Allied position in de
tail as negotiators got down to the
meat of armistice talks in their
11th meeting at Kaesong.
Admiral Joy talked 52 minutes.
He gave the Reds two marked
military maps to picture his posi
The five Communist generals;
made no comment. Instead they
asked for, and got, an adjourn
ment until 10 am. Saturday (8
p.m. EDT Friday).
North Korean Gen. Nam II,
spokesman for the Red delegation,
presumably will present the Com
munist reply at that time.
Would Keep Present Line.
The general understanding is
the United Nations is pressing for
a demilitarized zone roughly along
the present battle line. The
Communists want it along the
38th Parallel.
Starting from a point 35 miles
north of the 38th Parallel on the
east coast, the battle lines run
roughly 15 to 20 miles north of
38 for 75 miles to Chorwon. Then
they drop sharply south along the
Imjin River, crossing the Parallel
at a point east of the Kaesong
armistice site.
Admiral Joy’s statement, open
ing actual negotiations for an
armistice, took most of today’s
72-minute session.
The first 18 minutes were de- 1
voted to procedural matters. The
two delegations reached agreement
in principle on just how to tackle
the four major points of their
truce talks, a U. N. announcement
said, and named teams of officers
to work out the details.
Reads Prepared Statement.
Then Admiral Joy leaned his 1
elbows on the green-topped con- i
ference table and began reading i
a prepared statement on the Allied ‘
position. It was officially de- j
scribed as a "sparsely phrased and i
logical presentation.” 1
"Joy expressed a military view
point,” said Air Force Brig. Gen. j
William Nuckols, Allied spokesman
who was present. “This (military ’
view) is the area to which U. N.
delegates have frequently stated 1
they will confine themselves.” 1
Both Admiral Joy and Gen. Nam '
leaned forward with their elbows 1
on the table.
“They were closer together, !
physically, than they have been ]
for some time,” Gen. Nuckols said. ‘
Only once was Admiral Joy in- :
terrupted. A Korean interpreter
asked him not to talk so rapidly,
so he could hear the English as ,
well as the Korean translation ,
being read by a U. N. interpreter. ■
After he had spoken for nearly
half an hour, the American ad
miral produced a colored map to
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 1.)
Airliner Lands Tail Down,
46 Passengers Unhurt
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, July 27.—A DC-4
airliner carrying 46 persons made
a safe taildown landing at Idle
wild Airport last night after skid
ding 2,000 feet in a shower of
sparks and flames. There were no
As the big Northwest Airliner
came in from Detroit, the pilot,
• Capt. Arthur Antilla, radioed that
the panel indicator showed he
might have trouble with his nose
The 43 passengers and two crew
members huddled to the rear of
the plane, taking baggage with
them, to add weight on the tail.
After the plane was examined,
it was determined that the nose
gear was functioning normally.
However, an airlines spokesman
said the indicator light in the
pilot’s cabin still flashed red, or
unsafe. The spokesman added that
the pilot followed emergency reg
ulations in landing the craft with
its tail down.
2 Dressed as Police
Get $12,000 Haul
In Bank Robbery
By the Associated Press
SOMERVILLE, Mass., July 27.—
Two gunmen in police uniforms
robbed the Davis Square branch
of the Somerville National Bank
of $12,000 shortly after opening
today. A third man drove their
getaway car.
The men wore masks beneath
their police caps and one carried
a machine gun. The other was
armed with a pistol.
Acting Manager Loring P. Glea
son and four tellers—two of them
women—were in the bank when
the men entered. Two customers
also were there. ,
The man with the machine gun
covered the employes and cus
tomers while his companion
climbed over a shoulder-high
counter and looted cash drawers
and three tellers’ cages.
“Don’t move or we’ll drill every
4 body," the man with the machine
V gun warned. f
Reds Using Peace-Talk Lull
To Rebuild Lines, U. S. Aide Says
Army Spokesman Hints at Bad Faith,
Warns of Enemy Strength in South
An Army spokesman declared
today that the Communists in Ko
rea have used the time since the
Malik peace proposal was made
last June 23 “to build,up troop
strength and move supplies and
weapons south.”
In contrast to the Red buildup,
the officer revealed that a sub
stantial U. N. combat unit had
been pulled out of the Korean
battle line and sent back to
In a sharply-worded statement
?iven reporters without advance
notice at a Pentagon briefing, the
spokesman added that “it is hoped
that the acts are not aij indication
nf bad faith in view of the Malik
When the Soviet delegate made
the cease - fire suggestion, the
spokesman declared, the U.N.
forces literally had the Chinese
Communists “hanging on the
ropes ”
“Acting in good faith, the U.N.
forces accepted the proposal to
explore the possibilities of peace
and halted the advance,” he
“It is evidence of good faith by
the U. N. that further tactical
exploration of the U. N. forces
was halted in the interest of peace
at the very moment when the
U. N. forces were in a position to
achieve an even greater success.”
In contrast, the spokesman said,
the picture in enemy territory has
been “one of constant and con
tinuous buildup behind the screen
ing force.
“There has been continuous and
(See BUILDUP, Page A-3.)
Wildcat UAW Strike
Threatens Ford’s
National Operations
Labor Unrest in Auto
Industry Makes 32,500
Others Idle Over Nation
fty the Associated Press
DETROIT, July 27.—The Ford
Motor Co. said today its entire
national operations were threat
ened by a wildcat strike at a
small but vital Michigan parts
Ford, acting as labor unrest
made 32,500 workers idle else
where in the auto industry, ap
pealed for help directly to CIO
Jnited Auto Workers’ President
Walter Reuther.
There was no immediate reply
from the union chief.
Ford's parts plants at Monroej
Mich., employing about 2,000 men,
was closed yesterday by a strike
>ver a worker’s disciplinary lay
off- Management said an "irre
sponsible minority of workers”
was to blame.
22,500 Idle at Chrysler,
Across the Nation Ford em-!
Jloys approximately 110,000 pro
luction workers.
A wildcat strike at Chrysler’s!
5odge main plant made 22,500 i
dle^ Another 10,000 remained^
die at Hudson in the month-old 1
strike or lockout” dispute.
At both, the union has charged
llegal "speed-up.” Managements
lave denied it.
Mr. Reuther’s intervention was ;
sked by Ford in a telegram warn- j
ng that all its plants in the coun- j
ry might have to close. l
The Monroe factory, a key sup
ilier, makes wheels and coil
prings and performs plating op
erations. Other big Ford plants are
lescribed as dependent upon it.
Ford, complaining of a series of
trikes, told Mr. Reuther “we don’t,
hink” that the UAW leadership!
appreciates the seriousness of the1
Ope Laid Off.
The one worker in question, a
nember of Local 723, was report
id laid off for his part in an ear
ier strike.
Alex Hunter, plant manager,
charged that unionists ha;d threat
ened reprisals against employes
who refused to strike, but Ken
Bannon, the UAW's national Ford
director, denied this.
Mr. Bannon said there had been;
no violence or threats of violence.
On the other hand, Mr. Hunter
said there had been threats to
"burn homes and damage cars”
of employes.
A crowd milled around the
plant yesterday but police dis-i
persed it.
Dodge’s 1,600 wildcat strikers,
all in the trim department, stayed
out in rebellion against orders
from UAW Local 3 leadership.
Mass layoffs resulted.
The Dodge dispute hinges on
the firing of two men for failure
to meet production rates. Strikers
accused the company of contract
(See FORD, Page A-3.)
Radio Times Will Vary
On Truman Detroit Talk
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, July 27.—Presi
Sent Truman’s speech from De
troit at the city’s 250th anniver
sary celebration tomorrow will be|
Broadcast by all radio networks,
but at various times.
Mutual and ABC will broadcast
it direct at 1 p.m. (EDT), NBC at
2 p.m. and CBS at 5:30 p.m.
All four networks will present j
the speech on.ielevision at 1 p.m.
Soldier's 'Souvenir' Rug Appears
To Be $100,000 Korean Relic
(Picture on Page A-4.)
A “souvenir” sent home by i
Pueblo, (Colo.) Army sergean
was the object of an investigatioi
oy the Korean Embassy here to
lay as a possible missing Korea!
national treasure valued at $100,
The souvenir is a rug 18 feet, 1
nches long and 8 feet wide, madi
)f 48 matched leopard hides.
Mrs. Hugh V. Giltner of Puebli
received it June 18 from her son
Sergt. Elverne H. Giltner, 27, nov
on duty in Korea. Mrs. Giltne
said the sergeant bought it fron
a Korean. *
An Embassy spokesman said th
rug may have been stolen by
Korean. The Korean governm®
I will attempt to recover it if that
proves to be true, he »dded. '
1 The unusual souvenir was air
; mailed home by Sergt. Giltner,
l member of an 8th Army recon
naissance team, in an old.duSel
’ bag at a cost of $39.20 postage.
1 Mrs. Giltner, reached by tele
phone today, said she and her
husband have been planning to
[ sell the rug “to the highest bid
. der.”
But she indicated they might
be willing to sell it back to the
Korean government.
; "I think they should pay us,”
. she said. “It should be worth
. something to them to get it back,
if it was stolen.”
Suggestion that the rug might
' indeed be a national treasure,
t (See BUG. Page A-4^fc
Reprisals to Induce
Czechs to Free Oatis
Urged by Knowland
'Voice' Asks Permission
For Him to Broadcast
On Health Every Night
Senator Knowland, Republican,
of California called on President
Truman today to deprive Czecho
slovakia of trade advantages from
the United States until that Iron
Curtain country releases William
N. Oatis, American newspaper
man held on spy charges.
The Voice of America, mean
while, called on President Clement
Grottwald of Czechoslovakia “in
the name of decency” to let Mr.
Catis broadcast personally every
night, as long as he is held pris
oner, a report on his health and
The California Senator in a let
ter urged Mr. Truman to with
Iraw all tarifT reductions which
Czechoslovakia may be enjoying
onder reciprocal trade agreements
ind also to withhold export
icenses “to Czechoslovakia in
mplementing their ability to
make war.”
CM_ * . — _
*muc must or met.
“If the above action is followed
>ut,” Senator Knowland wrote,
‘I believe that the economic hard
ship which Czechoslovakia will
suffer wlll be such that she will
release Mr. Oatis. It will also
serve notice on all Communist
satellite countries that this Nation
vill no longer stand idly by and
dlow our citizens to be kidnaped,
ield and tried on trumped up
charges by a star chamber pro
:eeding which apparently cannot
stand the light of day.
“Sooner or later, this issue
must be met head on, and I be
lieve that this is the time, and Mr.
Oatis is the case. If immediate
results are not achieved by the
ibove steps, I urge that this Gov
ernment withdraw all diplomatic
representatives from Czechoslo
vakia and that all their diplomats
je sent home.”
Senator • Knowland told the
President that, like many other
Americans, he has been disturbed
over the confinement of Mr. Oatis,
who was Associated Press bureau
chief in Czechoslovakia. He said
the Czechs seem about to use the
same tactics with Mr. Oatis that
Hungary used in the case of Rob
eri vugeiei.
“Apparently the Communist
dominated governments feel that
American citizens can be seized
with impunity and that while we
might officially lodge protests, no
effective and affirmative action
will be taken by us,” Senator
Knowland went on. “The longer
we allow this impression to exist
the more apt the Communist
dominated governments are to
continue to seize and hold Ameri
cans as hostages or for other pur
Drumhead Justice.
In a special “man-to-man”
broadcast, a Voice of America
commentator addressed himself to
Czechoslovakia’s Communist Pres
ident thus:
“You hold somewhere in your
Prague jails an American news
paperman. His name is William
Oatis. You have adjudged him
guilty in a trial that only could
take place in a land where the
iron hand of Stalin rules. All the
rest of the world, on the very evi
dence brought forward in your
drumhead court by your own sub
orned attorneys, knows Villiam
Oatis to be innocent.
“But for now—for what I have
to say now—the question of his
(See OATIS, Page A-6.)
Marshall Says
He's Shocked by
Letdown in U. S.
Korea Increases Need
To Prepare, He Tells
Foreign Aid Hearing
Secretary of Defense Marshall
testified today the United
States expects to have 400,000
troops on duty in Europe in
1952. He said there would be
340,000 ground troops and 60,
000 Air Force troops. He told
the Senators that the United
States’ Allies in Europe expect
to have 2.5 million men on ac
tive duty in 1952.
By ). A. O'Leary
Defense Secretary Marshall told
C gress today he has been
“shocked” by signs of a letdown in
this country following the Korean
peace talks.
Taking the stand before the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit
tee on the $8.5 billion foreign aid
fund for this fiscal year, the Secre
tary said if Congress feels it must
cut the budget, it would be better
to pare down United States equip
ment rather than reduce the al
lotments for strengthening our
allies in EuroDe.
j Chairman Connally asked the
i general if a settlement in Korea
would justify slowing the defense
"It one is coldly logical, there
is more reason than ever to pre
pare,” Secretary Marshall re
He told Senator Connally that
the reaction of Americans to the
Russian proposal which started
the cease-fire negotiations has
caused him concern.
Effect Unthinkable.
“I am more shocked by what
has happened in recent days th*i
I have been at any time since I
have been in Washington,” Gen.
Marshall went on. "The state
ment of one Soviet representative
has very seriously affected our de
fense program. It is unthinkable
to me that the American people
would react as they have to one
Soviet statement.”
Senator Wiley. Republican, of
Wisconsin observed that the end
ing of hostilities in "one little
corner like Korea might) only be
the signal for an explosion some
" “V* V V luv ■
In a prepared statement Gen.
Marshall earlier urged the Com
mittee to approve the full amount
of the administration’s foreign aid
program for this vear as the best
investment this country can make
toward securing a free world.
His testimony supported in sub
stance that of Secretary of State
Acheson yesterday that foreign
aid requirements will continue at
about the present level for three
Presumably taking notice of re
ports that some members of Con
gress want to cut the program for
the next 12 months, Gen. Mar
shall said the funds now being
asked for “can and must be ob
ligated in fiscal year 1952 in order
to produce the equipment in time
to meet” the mobilization sched
ules of the North Atlantic Treaty
Spending Always Lags.
This does not mean the full
amount would be spent by June
30, 1952. Spending always lags
behind appropriations because of
the time required to build mili
tary eauiDment
Gen. Marshall testified, for ex
ample, that the foreign military
aid program for the year which
ended June 30, 1950, is now about
80 per cent complete. He said the
program authorized for the fiscal
year 1951, which ended last
month, will be substantially com
pleted during the calendar year
If the pending bill is approved,
most of the equipment in it will
be delivered by the end of the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1953.
Of the total now requested,
; $6.2 billion is for military aid, and
$2.3 billion is for economic as
sistance to nations in all j^u-ts
of the world co-operating to pre
vent the spread of aggression.
i The bulk, however, is for the
I North Atlantic Treaty nations.
Not a High Proportion.
Gen. Marshall pointed out that
the $6.2 billion is only 10 per
cent of this country's own de
fense budget for the coming year,
and added:
“This is not a high proportion
when we consider the additional
forces in men and organizations
that it will make effective for col
lective security.”
The Defense Secretary re
minded the Senators that “our
Allies plan to contribute approxi
mately 85 per cent of the man
power for this combined force.”
He said France plans to furnish
20 divisions to Gen. Eisenhower
despite its losses in World War n
and the demands made on her by
the fighting in Indo-China. The
situation in France is reflected in
the treaty nations, he said.
* Chinese Nationalists'
Blood Signatures
Protest Jap Treaty
ly tho Associated Pratt
TAIPEH, Formusa, July 27.
—The Chinese Nationalist de
fense minister said today that
every taan of one army regi
ment had signed a petition
in his own blood protesting
Nationalist China’s exclusion
from the Japanese peace
treaty confererc'.
The petition was addressed
to the United, States and the
6ENTLEMEM... k ^
Merl Young Joined With Boyle
To Push RFC Loan, Paper Says
Was Pleased When Told Lithfold Matter Had
Been Sent to Washington, Official Asserts
Special Dijpatch to The Star
ST. LOUIS. July 27.—The Post
Dispatch said today that E. Merl
Young, Washington influence ped
dler, joined with William M. Boyle,
jr., chairman of the Democratic
National Committee and James P.
Finnegan, former St. Louis inter
nal revenue collector, in brining
political pressure to bear on RFC
officials to approve $565,000 in
loans for American Lithofold
When Mr. Young and Mr. Fin
negan failed in their efforts at the
St. Louis RFC office, Mr. Boyle’s
assitsance was obtained and the
deal was put over at the Wash
ington headquarters of the RFC.
Information about Mr. Young’s
part in the effort to obtain ap
proval of the loan was obtained
by the Post-Dispatch from Charles
G. Alexander, head of the St.
Louis RFC office.
In response to questions. Mr.
Alexander said that Mr. Young,
former RFC examiner. National
Democratic campaign worker and
high-salaried employe of two big
RFC borrowers, had telephoned
him from Washington to say that
“the Democratic National Com
mittee is interested in the Litho
fold Corp. loan.”
Mr. Alexander said careful
notes had been taken of the con
version. which occurred in Decem
ber, 1948. He sent a report on
the subject to his superiors in
Less than a month earlier, on
November 19, 1948, American
Lithofold had applied for a loan
which was rejected by the St.
Louis office and by Washington
examiners, in spite of Mr. Finne
gan’s efforts. Then Mr. Young
sought to intercede, Mr. Alexan
der related.
After Mr. Young told him the
Democratic National Committee
was “interested” in the loan appli
cation, Mr. Alexander said he told
his caller the files on the loan
“had passed from the St. Louis
office and had been mailed to
RFC headquarters in Washing
“Young seemed to be pleased
that the papers had been sent
off,” Mr. Alexander said. “He
made no further commentt. There
were no further calls.
Mr. Alexander was a witness
(See BOYLE. Pace A-6.>
Auio Steel to Be Cut
Additional 5 Per Cent
By th« Associated Press
The Government today ordered
another 5 per cent cut in steel
for passenger car production, ef
fective October 1.
Auto output in the October
through-December quarter will be
cut to 60 per cent of the level of
the six months preceding the
Korean invasion. This will mean
a production of slightly over 1.1
million cars.
If the auto makers need it.
they’ll be permitted to use some
foreign steel, too, so that they can
make the quota. Defense Produc
tion Administrator Manly Fleisch
mann said.
The announcement came as DPA
issued steel, copper and aluminum
allocations for the final quarter
of the year. Except for consumer
goods, production levels will be
about the same as in this quarter,
it was stated.
Such consumer items as re
frigerators. washing machines and
household electrical appliances will
get about 65 per cent of their pre
Korea tonnage. They get 70 per
cent now.
Pakistan Calls Up
4 Guard Battalions
By the Associated Press
KARACHI, Pakistan, July 27.—
The Pakistan government an
nounced today it has called up
four battalions of the National
Guard to supplement the regular
army in the defense of the coun
The announcement made no
mention of the boiling dispute
with India over possession of the
princely state of Kashmir—scene
of 1948 warfare between the two
India yesterday mobilized 20,
000 railway troops, 20,000 infant
trymen and a number of engi
neers from National Guard units.
Pakistan has charged that 90 per
cent of the Indian army is con
centrated near the Pakistan bor
der. Indian spokesmen counter
that Pakistani leaders are at
tempting to whip up a holy war
sentiment against India on the
Kashmir issue.
Feeling ran high here today as
a 2-mile-long procession of 50,
000 men and women marched
through Karachi streets in ob
servance of “Defense Day.” The
parade of citizens shouting war
slogans started at the central
office of the Moslem League Party
and ended at the residence of
Premier Liaquat Ali Khan, f
Chiang Burma Units
Said to Invade China
•y the Associated Press
RANGOON, Burma, July 27.—
Three regular Chinese Nationalist
columns have thrust 65 miles into
Red China’s Yunnan Province
from their refuge in northeast
Burma, authoritative sources re
ported today.
The informants said the Na
tionalist invaders, numbering
around 15,000 troops, now hold
about a 100-mile long border strip
and is engaged against regular
Chinese Communist troops. The
Nationalists were said to have
seized control of an air field 200
miles southwest of Kunming.
All three columns were reported
to be under the command of Li
Mi, nominal Nationalist gover
nor of Yunnan Province and one
of Generalissimo Chiang Kai
shek’s best-known generals.
The sources said Li Mi’s push
back into Red territory has been
going on quietly for almost three
months. Although relatively small,
it is the most effective action un
dertaken by the Nationalist
forces this year.
Li Mi began his operation last
May. with Burmese government
troops harrying his rear in an
effort to drive the unwelcome Na
tionalists out of neutral Burma,
which has recognized the Commu
nist regime of Mao Tze-tung.
$f)« Sunday $faf
DOVES IN THE AIR?—A visit to Pons by Moscow's mayor. New nice things
about capitalism in the Soviet press. German trade concessions. What's it
oil add up to—peace or peace offensive? The Editorial Section focuses on
the latest flurry of seemingly friendly overtures to be released from the
Kremlin dovecote.
FURS TREND TOWARD THE CASUAL—Star Fashion Editor Eleni Sokes turns
the heads of Washington women with a preview of fur fashions in the
Star Pictorial Magazine.
GRIMALDI, WE ARE HERE!—It s not quite the same as when the doughboys
spoke thus to the shade of Lafayette in World War I, but Spain, princi
pally in the person of her then Prime Minister Grimaldi, did help Revolu
tionary America. Today despite the fact some of our friends are holding
their noses, the shoe is on the other foot. A team of three Editorial lection
writers spotlight the new-look in cur relations with Spain.
SUSAN DIDN'T JUST SIT AND WAIT-She thought he'd never pop the '
question; she took a trip to find other men. Susan makes out all right,
too, but not in the way you'd think, in This Week Magozine's "Cruise
for a Husband."
NURSEMAID TO 18 TONS OF LIGHTNING-The Air Force's new twin jet
"Scorpion" is some baby. It's faster than sound. This Week Magazine pays
a visit to its eyrie.
THEY LIKE 'EM LOW, LITTLE AND FAST-The Star Pictorial tours the
nearby countryside with the Washington chapter of the Sports Car Club of
America. •
, •
Truman, High Officials
Attend Arlington Rites
.. »
For Admiral Sherman
Formal Military Honors
Paid to Late Navy Chief;
Grave Is Near Forrestal
By John A. Giles
The Nation’s highest officials,
led by President Truman, paid
tribute today to Admiral Forrest
P. Sherman during an impressive
military procession and burial in
Arlington Cemetery.
The body of the Chief of Naval
Operations, who died in Naples
Italy, Sunday during a military
diplomatic trip, was taker
from Washington Cathedral at
1:10 p.m. and, accompanied by t
motorcycle escort, conveyed to s
point on Fifteenth street N.W.
just north of Constitution avenue
Caisson to Carry Body.
There the coffin was trans
ferred to the traditional horse
i drawn caisson for the final march
■to the gates of Arlington. Nc
traffic was permitted on Consti
tution avenue after 12:30 n m.
As the body entered the gates oi
Arlington there was a 17-gur
salute After services in the Am
phitheater the byrial rites wen
ended with the blowing of th<
traditional “taps.”
President Truman attended thf
amphitheater service but not the
graveside rites.
Carrying Admiral Sherman’s
personal flag, with its mourning
drape, in the procession was
Seaman Marcus Perry of Stone
Mountain, Ga., and flanking him
were two riflemen—Apprentice
Seaman R. E. Raveling of Min
neapolis, Minn., and Seaman A. H.
Legge of Fremont. Nebr. All are
attached to the Naval Receiving
Station Ceremonial Guard Unit
Color Guard Assigned.
Two sailors and two Marines
composed the color guard. They
were Seaman R. O. Harting
of Baltimore. Md„ and Apprentice
Seaman D J. Williams of Port
land, Conn., and Corpl. James O.
Matulnet of Altoona, Pa., and
Corpl. John L. Wright of Fairfax,
Va. The sailors are from the
Ceremonial Unit and the Marines
are attached to the Marine Bar
Because he was of the combined
high command, contingents of
soldiers, sailors and airmen of all
the services came to march in the
cortege across the Potomac and
up the curving avenues of Arling
ton. There were more than
500 of them, and contingents from
West Point and Annapolis were
to be included.
Because Admiral Sherman was
an aviator, the Navy directed a
formation of 133 naval fighters
and attack planes pay a last aerial
Invited to the services were men
(See SHERMAN, Page A-12.)
Conferees Yofe
Tenfatively for
Price Rollbacks
Agreement to Extend
Curbs Reached at
All-Night Session
By the Associated Press
Senate-House conferees voted
tentatively early today to permit
price rollbacks on non-farm '
commodities to levels which pre
vailed just before the Korean war
—provided certain cost increases
are taken into account.
The tentative decision came
near the end of an all-night
session of the conference commit
tee, which agreed to extend
economic controls legislation
[through next June.
The extension measure covers
wage, price, rent and other emer
gency curbs.
Senator Maybank, Democrat, of
South Carolina, the joint commit
tee chairman, told reporters the
group will meet again this after-*
noon to make a final decision re
garding the non-farm rollback
[provision. *He said a few other
provisions also will come up for
| a final vote at that time.
Major Provisions of Bill.
Here, briefly, are the major pro
visions in the bill as agreed on so
1. Price rollbacks—Rollbacks on
non-fanr goods to pre-Korean
levels would be permitted if allow
ance is made for certain cost In
creases. The 10 per cent rollback
on live Deef prices already in effect
is retained but two proposed cuts
of 4*/2 per cent each would be
barred. Prices on other farm
commodities could be pushed back
to (1>— 90 per cent of the level
of last Maj 19 or (21—To the par
ity level whichever is higher. Par
ity is a figure dsesigned to give
the farmer a fair return for his
2. Rents—A 20 per cent increase
|over July, 1947, levels would be
| allowed However, any increases
already made since 1947 would
'have to be taken into account so
jthat in most cases committee offi
'cials estimate the raise could not
amount to more than 5 to 7 per
cent. Rent rollbacks to levels just
before the Korean war would be
permitted in newly designated
critical defense areas.
Credit Rules Eased.
3. Credit — “Regulation X" re
strictions on private home financ
ing would be relaxed in critical
defense areas to encourage con
|struction of housing for defense
| workers and military personnel.
The one-third down payment on
new and used automobiles is re
gained, but 18 months instead of
the present 15 would be permitted
for paying the balance. Down
payments on household appli
ances. such as radios, would be
reduced from 25 to 15 per cent
and the payoff period would be
lengthened from 15 to 18 months.
The same terms would apply to
!other household furniture and
floor coverings. *
j 4. Miscellaneous—A small de
jfense administration would be
! created to help small companies
jget more defense business. Gov
I (See CONTROLS, Page A-3.)
Stiff Red Resistance
Blocks U. N. Attacks
By th« Associated Press
TER, Korea, July 27.—Allied at
tempts to capture dominating hills
on the eastern front were blocked
again today by stubborn Com
munist resistance.
The 8th Army reported attacks
by United Nations soldiers were
blunted northeast of Yanggu and
north of Inje. U. N. troops made
similar attacks yesterday, but fell
back before intense mortar and
artillery Are from Chinese posi
Allied patrols reported light
contact with Communists north
east of Kumhwa, on the central
front. Moderate resistance was
encountered by other patrols rouih
of Kumsong.
American B-29s from Okinawa
bombed Communist supplies at
the Western Kofea river port of
Kyrtnipo and cut rail tracks in
the same area. Kyomipo is south
west of the North Korean capital,
■i-iii/u nu ruice ngmers ana
light bombers pounded Commuist
transportation facilities in more
than 350 sorties.
Railroad bridges were hit at
Hwangju. south of Pyongyang,
and Yonghung, on the east coast.
Flying Marines reported damag
ing road bridges south of Kojo,
another east coast town.
Consult Star Want Ads
For Waterfront Sites
The Stor lost month corried 1,593
classified ads concerning waterfront
property for sale.
This is more than
three times the
number appear
ing during June
in three other
Washing ton
newspapers corn
fa i n e d. Consult
The Star when
you're looking for
o w a t e r f ront
site. And re
member, The Stor cartes more news.
Phone Sterlina 5000 to? home delivery.1

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