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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 01, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast r..«#A1< j
High of 90 followed by scattered thunder- wu,ue Tor n«au«r» 1
showers this afternoon. Clearing tonight Page Page
with a low of 70. (Pull report on Page A-2.) ( Amusements -C-4-5 Lost and Found_A-3
Temperatures Today. .Classified_C-5-11 Obituary L_A-12
Midnight 80 6 a.m.._77 11 a.m.-_84 Comics-A-24-25 Radio-TV _A-23
2a.m.<-79 '8 a.m..-77 Noon 82 Editorial -A-10 Sports_„C-l-3
4 a.m.__78 9 a.m... 79 1 p.m.-_82 Edit’l Articles _A-11 Woman's
—--—_ Finance _A-19 Section_B-3-6
Lote New York Markets. Page A-19. ' ——_ ■
’ ~~- _ _____ An Associated Press Newspaper _
99th Year. No. 213. Phone ST. 5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1951—FIFTY-TWO PAGES. Hom' I>llv"T Monthly Rite*: Evening »nd 8und»y. S1.S0; ST CENTS
----—------ ’ ’ x xx x x xvtv/ 1 xiuuo. Evening only. SI. 10; Sunday only. 45c: Night Plngl. 10c Additional. *
$400 U. S. and D. C. Pay Raise,
Including Teachers, Police and
Firemen, Voted by House Group
Non-Defense Agencie
Must Cut Personnel
To Absorb Cost
By Joseph Young
The House Civil Service Com
mittee today approved a $400-a
year permanent pay raise for a:
Federal and District Governmen
classified employes, includin
Washington policemen, fireme:
and school teachers.
At the same time, the commit
tee moved to hold down the cos
of such a pay raise by adoptin
the provision requiring non
defense agencies to absorb th
cost of the salary boost by trim
ming personnel.
Approximately 1.2 million Gov
ernment classified employes ar
covered by the legislation, includ
ing about 235,000 in the Wash
ington area.
The inclusion of District police
men, firemen and school teacher
came as a surprise, since such mat
ters are generally handled in thi
House by the District Committee
Retroactive to July 1.
The $400 increase voted by thi
■committee would be retroactive t<
July 1.
The group had been inclined t<
give the Government's classifies
employes somewhat less than thi
$400 figure it voted for posta
workers yesterday. However, ii
was decided to give classified em
ployes the same amount, with no^
defense departments and agencie:
absorbing the cost.
The amendment sponsored bj
Representative Corbett, Repub
lican, of Pennsylvania, leaves it
up to the President to determini
which agencies are to be desig
nated defense units.
Also included in the bill are em
ployes of the foreign service, th«
Veterans’ Administration’s depart
ments of medicine and surgery
legislative and judicial employes
Action Covers Top Bracket.
Although the committee at on<
time had considered leaving ou
employes in the top bracket sal
aries, the bill approved today in
cludes everybody covered by th<
Federal classification act.
The committee’s action in re
quiring non-defense agencies t(
absorb the pay raise cost is tht
first time that such a provisior
has been adopted by the group ir
handling pay legislation during
recent years. However, the House
and Senate Appropriations Com
mittees in the year; when pay
raises were granted always have
required some of the agencies to
absorb a good share of the pay
raise cost by reducing personnel.
In most cases, this was done by
not filling vanacies.
The Senate Civil Service Com
mittee last month approved an
8.4 per cent pay boost for Govern
ment workers but the Senate has
not yet acted.
Reversal on Postal Increase.
The committee yesterday suc
ceeded in reaching agreement on
a $400 pay boost for the 550,000
postal workers. Moreover, the
$400 raise would be permanent.
This represented a reversal of
the group's tentative action last
(Continued on Page A-2, Col. 6.)
Another Hot Month
Predicted for August
For those who feel they just
had a full summer, thanks to
July, there’s not much to look
forward to, thanks to August.
The Weather Bureau’s 30-day
outlok for this area predicted
temperatures above seasonal nor
mal.
That’s just what happened last
month when daily temperatures
averaged about two degrees above
normal. The high point was 95,
recorded July 22, and the low was
61, July 6.
Rainfall for July was .54 of an
inch heavier than the average of
5.25. This month the District
may expect near normal rainfall
of 4.45 inches, but temperatures
should soar above the norlnal
minimum of 66.
Some clouds, quite a bit of
humidity and 90 degrees of heat
were expected today. This eve
ning will bring scattered showers.
Some improvement was antici
pated tonight and tomorrow, at
least, with a low of 70 expected
tonight and a high of 86 likely
tomorrow.
Gen. Crawford Is Ordered
To Dufy in Germany
By the Associated Press
The Army is sending Brig. Gen.
David J. Crawford, formerly com
mander of the Detroit Tank Arse
nal, to American Army headquar
ters at Heidelberg, Germany.
This was disclosed yesterday in
a routine file of Army orders.
Army Secretary Frank Pace an
nounced Sunday Gen. Crawford
had been relieved of his Detroit
pnmmonH- onH ranrimim/)n/l
cause he "has violated Army regu
lations and not met the high
standards required of an Army
officer.” He was accused by a
Congressional committee of ac
cepting favors from contractors
and using Government property
for personal benefit.
Gen. Crawford will remain at
Detroit 30 days on temporary duty,
but not in command. What he
does at Heidelberg will depend on
Gen. Thomas Handy, commander
of United States armed forces in
Europe.
A
! Senate D. C. Group Approves
Compromise Bill on Home Rule
Unusual Move Calls for New Hearings
As 5-3 Vote Orders Favorable Report
‘ By Don S. Warren
i The Senate District Committee
1 by roll call vote of 5 to 3 todaj
ordered a favorable report on the
. j so-called compromise Washing
t' ton home-rule bill, but because
? | of a long wrangle over its pro
visions aiso ordered further hear
£' ings on the measure.
This unusual situation devel
: oped when several members of the
. committee challenged provisions
, of the measure and suggested the
' need for hearings.
Some cf the bill's sponsors were
willing to have more hearings as
. a means of gaining possible addi
5 tional support. Others wanted no
. further hearings at all, saying
. they would be a waste of time.
Since the sponsors had the
votes to report the bill the issue
, was compromised by doing both
1 things—reporting the bill and in
the same motion directing the
Home Rule subcommittee to plan
early additional hearings.
On this motion the vote was
as follows: For—Democratic Sen
ators Neely of West Virginia and
Pastore of Rhode Island, and Re
publican Senators Case of South
Dakota, Bennett of Utah and
Butler of Maryland. Against—
Democratic Senator Kefauver of
Tennessee, one of the principal
sponsors of the bill, and Repub
lican Senators Dirksen of Illinois
and Welker of Idaho.
Senator Kefauver explained
that he, of course, was for the
compromise bill but was voting
"no” because he saw no advan
tage in having hearings before
the committee reported the bill.
Senator Welker said: "I think
mote hearings would be nothing
(See HOME RULE, Page A-3.)
$138 Million D.C. Fund
With 5% Cul in U. 5.
Share Goes to Truman
Ylouse and Senate Act;
Budget Is $2 Million
Below City Estimate
BULLETIN
The Senate passed and sent
i to the White House this after
noon the District's 1952 supply
bill.
■ The House today quickly ap
proved a conference report on the
District's $138,216,150 appropria
tion bill for the fiscal year which
began July 1. with the Federal
payment reduced by 5 per cent to
$11.4 million.
The Senate-House compromise
version was recommended yester
fiflv hv rnnfprpp^:
If the Senate agrees to the con
ference measure later today, the
District- budget bill will be the
first major appropriation bill to
receive final congressional action.!
-House and Senate have acted sep-j
arately on several departmental!
appropriation bills, but none has1
yet been sent to the Whjte House.
The bill, as compromised by the j
House and Senate managers,:
would be more than $2 million
below the budget estimates of the
Commissioners for the new fiscal
year but well over $17 million
above the 1951 budget.
Issue Ended in Compromise.
In view of the House rebellion
against a full $12 million Federal
payment, as set down in the 1947
District Revenue Act, the con
ferees, in a single, one-hour ses
sion yesterday, decided to recom
mend a neven split in the differ
ence between the two houses.
The House, in its recent original
action, had moved to cut the pay
ment by $1.2 million or 10 per cent
from the authorized $12 million.
The Senate, offering many justi
fications for the full amount or
even more, insisted on not less
than $12 million.
But in conference, with the bill,
already delayed a full month after
uuc ui-icmng ui me new nscai year
July 1, the issue was resolved with
a straight split compromise.
This means a 5 per cent, in
stead of a 10 per cent cut in the
full, statutory $12 million pay
ment. With $1 million earmarked
for payment for water the District
provides the Federal establish
ments, this means a general fund
Federal payment of $10.4 million.
Under the House plan, it wotild
have been $600,000 less or $9.8 mil
lion; and under the Senate plan
$600,000 more, or a full $11 million
to the general fund.
Other Problems Settled.
In other compromises agreed
upon by the House and Senate1
conferees, there were recommenda
tions for:
1. Inclusion of an item of $130,
000, charged to water department,!
for the installation and beginning!
of the program of fluoridation of!
the city water supply as a means
of preventing decays in the teeth
of children.
2. A total outlay of about $110,
000 for a centralized control and
a single fund for financing the:
public schools’ athletic program.!
Receipts from athletic events
would go to the treasury.
3. An additional $100,000 toward
the cost of the District’s indigent
sick given care by nine non-profit,
private hospitals. This raises the
medical charities grant to $600,
000—still several hundred thou
sand dollars below what the hos
pitals said was the actual cost.
$100,000 for Police Pay.
4. An additional grant of $17,
650 for the employment of five
additional teachers in the public
school automobile driver training
courses. The Senate had urged
an increase in the drivers’ train
ing program, on recommenda
tion by the American Automobile
Association, after the House had
rejected the extra outlays.
5. An additional $100,000 • for
the police department to permit
payment to volunteer members
for working a sixth day of the
week so as to continue the legis
lated five-day work week for the
department generally.
I.
U. S. Completes Third
Of Stockpile Program
Despite Shortages
Munitions Board Puts
Total Value of Strategic
Materials at $3 Billion
ly tK« Associated Press
The Munitions Board reported
today the Nation’s stockpile of
strategic materials which would
be needed if war closed off im
ports has been built up to more
than one-third of the planned
total.
In a semiannual report to Con
gress, the board said the value of
material now on hand is *3 bil
lion, while the total objective is
$8.3 billion. It noted, however,
that the objective may be revised
from time to time to fit strategic
and moLiJjizat inn nlanc
It added, without explanation,
that the current objective com
pares with a figure of $8,590,000,
000 six months previously.
Covers January to June.
The report covered stockpiling
activity from last January through!
last June During that time, the
value of the stockpile on hand
increased from $2,540,000,000 to
$3 billion.
The “rate of stockpiling contin- ;
ued to increase” and an appropri- j
ation last January allowed “vast
acceleration” of contracts for ma
terials, the board said.
Congressional committees have
twice issued highly critical reports;
of the stockpiling program under
past Munition Board administra
tion. Present chairman of the
board is John D. Small.
The board commented that its
buying program is curtailed by two
factors, shortages of material and
wiufrcbiuun in cue marKeu
Cite* Serious Shortages.
"It should be realized by every
one concerned with our stockpile
of strategic and critical mate
rials," the report said, "that there
are serious national and world- '
wide shortages of most of them. !
As a result, the Munitions Board, (
due to circumstances beyond its i
control, is unable to acquire these i
materials at its target rates. . . . |
“With the steadily increasing'
need for materials for current ]
military production, plus the |
urgent needs of the stockpile and
the ned for maintaining a healthy
industrial economy, competition
for limited supplies of materials
has become keen. It is the dual
function of the new civilian agen
cies to promote increased produc
tion and imports of scarce ma
terials and to distribute the avail
able supplies among claimants.
Thus the present rate of stockpil
ing acquisition, although in most
cases below the targets set by the
Munitions Board, is governed by
the determinations of the civilian
agencies. This is the most sig
nificant change in the field of
stockpiling programs and policies
in recent months.”
Gen. Fleming Nominated
As National Guard Chief
President Truman today nom- !
inated Maj. Gen. Raymond Hart- :
well Fleming to be chief of the 1
National Guard Bureau for a four
year term.
Gen. Fleming, 62, has been act- 1
ing chief since last September
when Ma.i. Gen. Kenneth F. 1
Cramer, whom he succeeds, was
assigned to command the 43d ;
Division. 1
Gen. Fleming Has been identi- '
Red with the National Guard since (
1916 when he joined the Louisiana ]
3uard as a private.
During World War I, he com
manded a battery of the 143d 1
Feld Artillery overseas. During i
the last war, he was State direc- :
tor of Selective Service of Louis
iana and also served as State i
idjutant general. 1
He came to the National Bureau i
in 1948 as the first chief of the <
Army division.
I
New Effort Due
By U. S. in Move
To Free Oatis
Acheson Says Steps
Will Follow Ban on
Czech Trade Pact
By Garnett D. Horner
Secretary of State Acheson said
today that the United States is
preparing further action in efforts
to free Associated Press Corre
spondent William N. Oatis from
a Communist jail in Czechoslo
vakia.
His comment at a news con
ference came after the State
U. S. Compiling Data on Hungarian Reds'
Role in Deportations. Page A-4
Department announced last night
that it is movine to cut, nff nil
tariff concessions to Czechoslo
vakia.
Mr. Acheson did not refer to
the trade action directly, but re
called that this Government al
ready Jias taken some action fol
lowing the sentencing of Mr. Oatis
to 10 years in prison on trumped
up spy charges.
The Secretary said the Oatis
imprisonment was a matter of the
utmost importance to the Govern
ment and people of the United
States.
Proclamation Awaited.
He refused to elaborate on what
further action is in preparation.
To talk freely about this now, he
said, might not be in the best
interests of Mr. Oatis.
The next step in carrying out
the trade decision announced by
the State Department last night
is expected to be an early proc
lamation by President Truman ac
tually withdrawing all trade agree
ment tariff benefits from the
Czechs.
This is the second slap at the
Moscow satellite since Mr. Oatis,
was arrested in April in Prague.
His subsequent trial was de
nouncea oy tms Government as a
farce.
On June 2 the State Department
banned issuance of passports to
American citizens to travel in
Czechoslovakia.
Other Actions Involved.
The Oatis case apparently
spurred the decision to cut off
trade benefits to the Czechs, al
thodth officials said it had been
in the making since long before
Mr. Oatis was arrested. The an
nouncement blamed several other
actions by Czechoslovakia for
nullifying the trade agreement ob
ligations. as well as imprisonment
of Americans ‘‘without justifica
tion.”
The decision was announced in
a statement circulated among the
nations belonging to the General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
They are scheduled to meet at
Geneva September 17.
"The United States has deter
mined to withdraw from Czecho
slovakia the benefits of trade
igreement tariff concessions,” the
statement declared flatly.
It then proposed that at the
September meeting "all of the
obligations existing between it and
Czechoslovakia by virtue of the
orovisions of the agreement should
oe formally terminated.”
Legal Factors Studied.
While the ending of United
3tates-Czech tariff concessions re
luires only a presidential procla
mation. the ending of tariff agree
ment obligations—mainly fair
ToHh DrorHhoc_nrill von niva or»_
iroval by the other members.
Determination on this pro
cedure involved considerable study
>f complicated legal factors in
'olved. The major question con
cerned whether the United States
could take any action at all with-;
>ut approval of other signatories
o the tariff agreement.
Under the decision announced
ast night, the members will not
>e asked to pass on action by this
country in withdrawing tariff con-1
essions from Czechoslovakia—but’
inly on formally terminating “all
if the obligations.”
The possibility of such a pro
cedure was suggested in two
articles in The Star recently by
Sdwin G. Martin, former general
counsel of the Federal Tariff Com
nission, now in private law prac
tice.
Although the American move;
vould break off contract trade;
'elations with Czechoslovakia,
<See CZECH. Page A-3.) |
Navy Shells Out Facts on Oyster Fork'Hoard' '
aj tnw nijuuiuicu ri«i
The mystery of the Navy’s
lecret hoard of oyster forks was
ileared up today.
It turns out the Navy doesn’t
lave 11 million dozen oyster forks,
is Columnist Fulton Lewis, jr„
>nce reported. It has a mere
.0.693 dozen. And of these, 10,
122 dozen are so poorly made that
he Navy wouldn’t dream of us
ng them—except in an emer
[ency.
So the fact is that the Navy
s down to its last 3,252 pre
lentable oyster forks and doesn’t
>lan to order any more.
A House Appropriations sub
:ommittee pried the story loose
rom its shell in secret testimony
nade public today.
Representative Taber wanted to
mow why the Navy stocked any
iilver-plated oyster forks in the
Irst place.
“How does it happen,” he de
nanded, “that when you go into
he House restaurant you get
lothing but ordinary steel? We
ividently are not as ‘classy.’ ”
Rear Admiral Charles Fox,
i chief of the Navy s Bureau of
Supplies, said the oyster forks
wern’t as tony as they sounded.
They cost only 18.5 cents apiece,
he went on, and besides the silver
flaked off most of them.
In fact, the Admiral said, the
Navy got stuck with a lot of not
much-good silverware during the
war—$731,189 worth. Including
151,572 emergency - only oyster
forks.
Chairman Mahon said the
Navy should have looked before
it bought. Admiral Fox agreed:
“If we had to do over again, we
certainly would not buy them.”
“How essential is an oyster
fork to the Navy’” Mr. Mahon in
quired. “Usually when I eat with
the Navy I da not see an oyster
fork, or oysters, either.”
“They are in the officers’ messes,”
the admiral replied. “Unfortu
nately they have the name ‘oyster
fork,’ but they are used for other
purposes . . . seafood cocktails...
it is a common item of tableware.”
Far from putting on the dog,
he said, the Navy has n^hlessly
slashed Its tableware buying—
from 94 different items to 20.
“To an old infantryman like \
me,” commented Representative
Scrivner, Republican, of Kansas,]
"20 pieces of silver for a mess
looks like quite a few in an emer-!
gency mobilization.” He added:!
"I'm sure that if an emergency1
arose, the Navy would be able to’1
do its usual good job without them ,
(oyster forks).”
Admiral Fox said the Navy likqp
to make its ships homelike for
officers who live in them for 1
months or years at a time, fre- c
quently entertaining foreign dig- J
nitaries. <
“I have personally been em- t
barrassed aboard ship.” he said, (
“when we entertained distin- J
guished members of Congress and :
had chipped chinaware and chi- )
naware that was of different de
sign.”
“Do not ever be embarrassed t
to serve Congressmen with chipped v
china,” Chairman Mahon advised
him. "I think that would impress i
them favorably.” c
I
: f
* «

w/
Pravda Might Publish
McMahon Statement,
Acheson Suggests
Article by Morrison
In Communist Paper
Praised by Secretary
Secretary of State Acheson sug
gested today that Moscow should
publish an expression of friendship
for the Russian people, recently
forwarded by President Truman,
as it just published an article by
British Foreign Secretary Herbert
Morrison.
The Morrison statement, pub
lished by Pravda today, drew Mr.
Texf of Morrison Mcssoga and Answer
Printed in Provda. Page A-6
Acheson's praise for its strong
wording. The fact that the Soviet
published a reply along with the
article in the party newspaper
showed the worry it caused Red
leaders, he said.
Mr. Acheson described the reply
as "strained and nervous.”
Asked at a news conference if
he had anything similar to con
tribute to Pravda, Mr. Acheson
replied that the most important
statement for the Moscow press'
to publish was the resolution of
Senator McMahon, Democrat, of
Connecticut, expressing iriend-!
ship for the Russian people as
distinct from their Communist'
bosses.
He recalled that President Tru
man had sent the statement to
the Soviet government, requesting
that it be published, but that
nothing had come of it.
Pravda Reply to Morrison
Outdoes Him in Length
LONDON, Aug. 1 (/P).—Russia
opened the Iron Curtain a crack
today to let the Communist faith
ful read a “let’s be friends” appeal
from British Foreign Secretary
Herbert Morrison.
The party newspaper, Pravda,
published the Morrison statement!
and, in the same issue, lashed back j
with a bitter reply—considerably
longer—denouncing all he said as:
lies or distortions.
A British Foreign Office spokes
man said Pravda’s reply was “dis
appointing" and contained noth
ing “to suggest any effort had;
been made to use the occasion for;
a fruitful exchange of views or to
improve relations between the two
countries.”
The unprecedented East-West
exchange resulted from a chal
lenge by Mr. Morrison last June
daring Pravda to print his views.
Pravda agreed, provided the Brit
ish press would give equal prom
inence to its reply. Six London
newspapers printed the full text of
the exchange today.
Mr. Morrison said:
“We are a peaceful people who
want to feel secure,” but can't
(See MORRISON, Page A-4.)
Savage Battle Amid Peace Talk
Gains Strategic Peak for Allies
'Fool Mountain' in East Korea Captured;
Was Key Communist Observation Point
By John Randolph
Asiociated Prt»» War Correspondent
EASTERN KOREAN FRONT,
July 31 (Delayed).—"Fool Moun
tain’’ was stormed by Allied in
fantrymen who knew they could
be sacrificing their lives in the
last days of the Korean war.
Some died, but the high ridges,
from which the Reds had been
able to watch every Allied move,
were taken.
In any event, the capture of this
towering hill mass in East Korea
Monday can be reported as one of
the war's most savage actions—
a five-day assault while truce
talks droned on at Kaesong.
It was by far the largest action
since the armistice conference
began—in fact, the only bit of
"real war” since the delegates first
met July 10.
Why, then, did the Allies take it?
"Fool Mountain”—nobdy knows
how it got its name—is higher
than three Empire State Build
ings, taller than six Washington
Monuments.
Actually it is a steep ridge.
From its heights, the reorgan
ized and retrained North Korean
Army watched every move in the
Allied lines and on the main sup
ply route to them.
It was a bad situation. The hill
had to be taken or life in Allied
lines would be unbearable—and
[lives can be frittered away in bad
'Continued on Page A-8. Col. 4.1
'Reserve' Rule Keeps
Minor Leagues Alive,
Trautman Testifies
Many Small Ball Clubs
Financed Through 'Civic
Pride,' Hearing Told
By Miriam Ottenberg
The boss of the minor leagues;
today told the House Monopoly
subcommittee that the small busi
ness men who finance minor cir-,
cuit clubs out of “civic pride” need
the “reserve clause” to protect
their not very profitable invest
ment.
The “reserve clause,” focal point!
of the anti-trust investigation of
baseball, ties a player to the club|
that owns him and prohibits him
from shoppnig around for a bet
ter-paying job.
The latest defense of the reserve1
rule came from George ' Traut
man, president of the National:
Association of Professional Base
ball Leagues.
cTn economic grounds. Mr.j
Trautman also defended the ter
ritorial rule which gives a club,
exclusive rights to play organized;
baseball in a particular area. h
Minors Are ‘No Bonanza.*
The territorial rule, Mr. Traut
man contended, is “nothing more !
than a recognition of the economic !
fact that it requires an < area to
support a baseball team and it i
is better that one shall live than
that two shall die.”
Mr. Trautman assured the sub
committee that operating a minor 1
league club is “no bonanza.” The 1
lower league clubs, he said, are ;
operated primarily “as civic en- '
terprises and out of a sense of civic
loyalty and pride”.
Out of 2,287 officers and direc- ‘
<See PROBE, Page A-8.1
Truman Plans Drive
For Tighter Controls;
Calls New Ad 'Worst'
Signs Compromise With
Reluctance and Labels
It Only Alternative
President Truman today was
getting set to call on Congress
again for a tougher price control
law after blasting the new meas
ure he signed reluctanly last night
as the alternative to abandoning
all economic curbs.
Affixing his signature to the
ane-year extension of the Defense
rext of Trumon Statement on Signing
Controls Bill. Page A-13
Production Act just a few hours
aefore the old legislation expired,
Mr. Truman assailed it as “the
worst I ever had to sign,” and
:mphasized it was being accepted
anly because he could not risk the
apse of its rent ceiling and strong
ariority control clauses.
“We will not be able to hold
arices down under this act and I
im going to ask Congress to
amend it to give us adequate
:ontrols,” Mr. Truman said in his
statement.
The President's blast was a re
>ly to those Republicans—and
some of his own party leaders—j
vho defended the legislation which •
'ell far short of the goals he had
lrged to combat inflation.
Deficiencies io Be Studied.
Key presidential aides, Mr. Tru
iiciii cA^jouieu, are now maKing a
Jinpoint study of the new law to
iscertain definitely its deficiencies,
rhese Congress will be urged to
emedy.
There was speculation in this
onnection that the President
night wait a little while for the
ull impact of the new law to be
elt—and then take his case to
he country. He has been talking
ibout tentative plans for a
vhistle-stop tour later in the year.
As the President cut loose, there
vas a retort from the G. O. P.
fust about summing up the argu
nents of his Republican col
eagues who have strongly de
ended the new measure, Repre
(See CONTROLS, Page A-4.)
11,000 Men Are Scheduled
:or Draff Call in October
The Defense Department an
lounced today an October draft
all for 41,000 men—36.00C for the
irmy and 5,000 for the Marine
forps.
The call is for 6.820 more men !
han will be inducted in Septem
er. Of the September total, the
Marine Corps asked for 6,180,
nd the balance will go to the
irmy.
The Navy and Air Force have
ot used Selective Service to fill
heir ranks, depending solely on
oluntary enlistments.
October will be the third month
i which the Marine Corps has
ailed on Selective Sei^ice.
Acheson Rejects
Reds' Proposal
On Korean Zone
Line on 38th Parallel
Cannot Be Defended,
Secretary Explains
By th« Associated Press
Secretary of State Acheson re
jected flatly today the Communist
proposal that a buffer zone be set
up in Korea along the 38th Par
allel.
Mr. Acheson told a news con
ference the Reds wish to go back
to a line over which they launched
| an unprovoked attack—to start
the Korean war—and he said that
is not acceptable.
He added that Secretary of De
fense Marshall has made it en
tirely clear that any demarcation
iline must be a defensible line.
Events have shown. Mr. Acheson
said, that this is not true of the
38th Parallel.
Talks Essentially Military.
He declared that the talks now
(under way at Kaesong are esseri
tiaiiy military talks, but that the
Communists have been trying to
use them for a political purpose.
By this he apparently meant
that instead of being willing to
stop the fighting where the armies
now are and where both sides
would have strong defense posi
tions, the Reds have tried to get
all of North Korea again in Com
munist control while leaving the
South to the Allied forces. This
would be a return to the situa
tion which existed before the
Communist assault last summer.
At the moment, Mr. Acheson
said, truce talks seem to be stalled.
Secretary Acheson also said
that Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway
and his delegation to the Kae
song meetings have handled their
share of the negotiations force
i fully and soundly.
Won’t Say They’re Deadlorked.
Mr. Acheson did not express
either optimism or pessimism on
i the progress of the talks but
: neither would he say that they
| were deadlocked,
j He refused to state precisely
jWhat the U. N. negotiators were
seeking in the way of a buffer
Tone location. Other officials
have made clear that the U. N.
proposal for an armistice line
I is based on the present battle
jline.
I The Pyongyang (North Korean>
radio said the U. N. seeks a line
Tunning from Kosong. 27 miles
north of the 3Rth Pa T*£*11©1 nn tVsa
east coast, to the Ongjin Penin
! sul» on the west coast. The
broadcast added:
"Thus the Americans try to
|rob a large territory inside North
Korea. The Americans are mak
ing every effort to avert the ar
| rival of peace to Korea.’’
New Recess in Truce Talk
Implied by Communists
I U. N. ADVANCE HEADQUAR
TERS. Korea, Aug. 1 0P)._Fer the
sixth straight day, cease-fire ne
gotiators today failed to make any
progress toward ending the shoot
ing in Korea. The issue concerns
location of a proposed "buffer
zone’’ across Korea.
Unofficial Communist sources
suggested the Red negotiators
might propose a recess of several
days. They thought this might
help break the deadlock.
Deadlocks in the Kaesong con
ference on two previous occasions
have been broken after three-day
tecesses. Each time Reds yielded
to United Nations demands.
Joy Rejects Red Proposal.
There was no official hint a re
cess had even been mentioned
during today’s two-hour and 25
minute session.
The 17th meeting is scheduled
for tomorrow, starting at 11 a.m.,
(9 p.m. Wednesday, EDT.).
Vice Admiral c. Turner Jov.
chief U. N. delegate, took half of
Wednesday’s session to tell the five
Red generals what was wrong with
their proposal for a neutral zone
along the 38 Parallel.
U. N. spokesmen say that the old
political boundary between North
and South Korea is militarily in
defensible. The Allies want, in the
words of today’s U. N. communi- *
que, "a realistic demilitarized zone,
equitable to both belligerents.
At yesterday’s session, Admiral
Joy had explained how the Com
munists would benefit from the
Allied plan of creating a buffer
zone along the present lines.
The battlefront now extends
(See TRUCE, Page A-3.)
U. 5. War Casualties
Increase 356 in Week
Announced American battlo
casualties in Korea reached 80 079
today, an increase *of 356 since
last week. It was the lowest week
ly increase since the start of the
Korean war.
The Defense Department’s sum
mary, based on notification of
next of kin through last Friday
showed 11,933 killed in action.
55,898 wounded of whom 1,357
lied, and 12,248 missing in ac
tion.
Of the missing. 117 have died,
ringing the total deaths to 13,40 7.
The Army reported 65,472 cas
ualties, the Marine Corps 12.982.
he Navy 928 and the Air Force
>97.
Of the Army casualties, 9,992
vere killed, 44,071 wounded of
vhom 1,044 died and 11,409 miss
mg. Of the missing, 100 died.
The Marine Corps reported 1,61(1
tilled, 11,085 wounded of whom
193 died and 281 missing in ac
tion. ^
* 2f

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