OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 01, 1951, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1951-08-01/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for A-4

U. S. Compiling Data
On Hungarian Reds'
Role in Deportations
Secretary of State Acheson dis
closed today that the Unitec
States is keeping a special file or
Hungarian Communist officials
responsible for mass deportations
of non-Communist Hungarians
from their homes.
He told a news conference that
"careful note of the identity” ol
the officials involved is being taken
"in order that their responsibility
may be made fully known and
their act* publicly stigmatized.”
Asked if this was in preparation
for some future action. Mr. Ache
son said he did not want to add to
his statement.
He blasted as “uncivilized con
duct” and violation of peace treaty
human rights pledges the mass
deportation of Hungarians con
sidered "unreliable” or out of
sympathy with the Communist
The Hungarians expelled from
their homes are being removed to
the provinces and billeted under
‘‘harsh rfirtHiHnrtc ** fooinn
labor and slow but inevitable
death by exhaustion, Mr. Acheson
He added the United States will
present all available evidence on
the deportations to the United
Nations under a 1950 U. N. reso
lution calling for evidence con
cerning violations of human rights
by the Hungarian. Bulgarian and
Rumanian governments.
Arms Standardization Talks
Begin Here Tomorrow
The French, British and Cana
dian defense ministers will meet
here tomorrow with Army Secre
tary Pace in an effort to bring
about standardization of the small
arms of their countries.
The military experts of the four
countries have been working for
some time on plans to standardize
small arms nomeclature and the
sizes of guns and ammunition used
by ground forces.
' Participating in the talks will
be Emmanuel Shinwell, Great
Britain; Jules Moch, France, and
Brooke Claxton, Canada.
(Continued From First Page.)
while Russia maintains “vast
armed forces and military estab
Why not, he asked, topple the
barriers set up by Russia across
Europe and allow a free exchange
of news, broadcasts and even tour
Oh, no, Pravda answered, the
British and Americans are war
mongers who threaten the Soviet
Union and we cannot allow free
dom to “thieves, subversive agents,
terrorists and assassins.”
Mr. Morrison pegged his appeal
to the Russian people on the ar
Kuuitiit mat iguvi auuc ui ccud
fear and fear leads to violence.
He said the possibility of a third
world war would be lessened if
Russia lifted restrictions and per
mitted western views and visitors
to circulate freely.
Invitation to Americans.
Meanwhile, Russia's new Eng
lish language propaganda maga
zine, News, offered to open its
columns to American writers for
the purpose of promoting "friend
ly relations.” The offer was di
rected specifically to the New
York Times.
(The Times had no comment
on the offer.)
Mr. Morrison called untrue the
Soviet propaganda line that Brit
ain, in alliance with other Euro
pean countries and the United
States, is “arming to the teeth to
attack the Soviet Union.”
He said the main purpose of the
Atlantic pact is to avoid war and
preserve the peace.
The Foreign Secretary said his
government had intended to de
vote its energies to the economic:
recovery of England, but was'
forced to switch to rearming when
it realized that Russia had
adopted a postwar policy “whose
only purpose seems to be to stir
up trouble and international
Suggests That Russians Travel.
If the Russian people were al
lowed to leave their country and
travel about more, Mr. Morrison
said, they could learn a lot about
the West’s friendly intentions.
Pravda claims a circulation of
2 million but persons who have
been to Moscow say it is often
hard to buy, with Muscovites
sometimes lining up beside news
stands to get copies before the
supply is exhausted. Presumably
many thousands of copies are re
served for party members and for
distribution abroad.
It rejected Mr. Morrison’s state
ment that there is .10 freedom in
"In no country is there such
freedom of speech, and freedom of
organization for workers, farmers
and intellectuals as in the Soviet
Union,” it said in a 2.600-word
rebuttal. But, the paper added:
“In the U. S. S. R. freedom of
speech, freedom of the press and
Aivuuum U1 UigailUiauuil UUC5 I1V>V
exist for the enemies of the peo
ple, for the landlords and cap
italists overthrown by the revolu
tion. Nor does it exist for incor
rigible thieves, for subversive
agents, terrorists and assassins
tent in by foreign secret services.”
It said, the prisons and labor
camps of Russia exist "for all
these criminals.”
For Improved
THii delicious natural
water from Hot
Springs, Arkansas, im
proved subnormal Kid
ney function of
majority of y observed
cases. It is delivered
right to you.
Phone ME. 1062
for a case today
904 12th St. N.W
SIGNED ‘RELUCTANTLY’—A dour-looking President Truman
holds the new eeonomir control bill after he signed it “re
luctantly” last night and condemned It as “gravely deficient.”
—AP Photo.
(Continued Prom First Page.)
- y
sentative Halleck of Indiana said:!
"It's a bill which, properly ap
j plied and administered, will ef
fect control despite Mr. Truman's
| statements.”
OPS Orders Rollbacks.
As the bill was in its final
stages in Congress, one of the
President's party leaders. House:
Speaker Rayburn, had expressed
the view that it was good, work
able legislation, and another,!
: Senate Majority Leader McFar-:
land, adopted a like attitude.
As the legislation went on the
books for another year. Michael V.
DiSalle's Office of Price Stabil
ization hastily explored avenues
for lifting price ceilings to the
levels now required.
Mr. DiSalle ordered thousands
or price rollbacks—and a num
ber of roll-forwards—into effect
i in the final hours before Mr. Tru
man signed the new measure.
New ceilings, held back for a
month during the congressional
debate, were applied to consumer
items like radios, television sets,
'refrigerator and other home ap
Jpliances, shoes, apparel, cotton
textiles, wool yarns and fabrics,
machinery, chemicals and many
building materials.
By rushing the orders out last
night, OPS avoided the immediate
necessity of rewriting the ceilings
to conform to the new act, which
I entitles each manufacturer to
pass on to buyers his full business
cost increases up to July 26.
Budget Impact “Uncertain.’*
Individual price adjustments
must now be made. A month ago,
OPS said the orders would bring
consumers more rollbacks than
increases. Today it said the im
pact on family budgets is “un
At the same time, the Wage
Stabilization Board extended in
definitely its allowance of cost
of-living wage increases which
are tied to the Government’s
price index.
President Truman, predicting
the new law will mean bigger
prices for manufacturers, whole
salers and retajlers, said it will
be necessary also to “allow rea
sonable adjustments in wages.”
“We cannot ask the working
people of this country to reduce
their standards of living just to
pay for the higher prices this act1
provides for business,” he said.
Consumer Credit Eased.
There were other developments
also as the new law came into!
The Federal Reserve Board is
sued new consumer credit rules,
easing down payment require
ments and the payoff time on such
things as automobiles and house
hold appliances. The action was
required by the new act. On
automobiles both new and used,
for instance, the down payment
still must be at least one-third,
but the buyer can have 18 months
to pay off the balance. On radios,
television sets and major appli
ances the down payment drops
from 25 per cent to 15 and the
payoff time goes from 15 to 18
ops got in line with the new
law by formally abolishing the
livestock slaughter quotas it has
had in effect under the old law.
At the same time it officially can
celed the additional 4Vi per cent
live cattle rollback planned today.
Another cut of the same amount
was planned for this fall. Con
gress forbade them both but did
allow the present 10 per cent roll- j
back. OPS retained its require
ment that slaughterers register in
order to do business, a measure:
aimed to stop fly-by-night op
The price agency added a new!
wrinkle to meat price control by
banning imports of beef from
Canada or other foreign sources!
at prices higher than the domestic1
level; It said such imports were1
putting pressure on United States1
Housing Office Shifted.
The Office of Housing Expediter,
now armed with stronger rent
control powers, disappeared as
such. Mr. Truman ordered its
main portions transferred to Eric
Johnston s Economic Stabilization
Reborn as the “Office of Rent
Stabilization,” it will function un
der ESA as an office parallel to
OPS and the Wage Board. There
was no sign Mr. Truman would
displace Us head, Tighe Woods.
Mr. DiSalle reportedly has
urged Mr. Truman to call for im
mediate revision of at least two
sections of the law:
First, the ban on livestock
slaughtering quotas. Bills alreaay
have been introduced to revive
this authority.
Second, the so-called “Capehart
amendment” which—while allow
ing rollbacks on non-farm items
to pre-war Korea levels—requires
OPS to recognize increases in costs
of labor, materials and business
“overhead” up to July 26. Sena
tor Capehart, Republican, of In
diana, backed the amendment and
it was bitterly assailed by Mr. Tru
man in his statement.
Allocation Power Retained.
Mr. DiSalle is said to believe
the amendment will bring more
price boosts than rollbacks, and
he has the support of ESA Ad
ministrator Johnston as well as
Defense Mobilizer Charles E. Wil
In many of its non-price as
pects the new law meets most
administration demands. It pre
serves intact the powers to allo
cate materials and restrict civil
ian produciton; it keeps wage con
trol very much unchanged; it per
mits subsidies to encourage out
put of non-farm commodities by
high-cost producers.
The local option provisions of
the present rent law are contin
ued but if a local community de
controls in a critical defense area
the Federal Government can put
the curbs back on after a trial pe
Police Chief Is Cleared
In Killing of Soldiers
ly tn« Associated Press
PERRY, Ga„ Aug. 1.—Hawkins
ville Police Chief Tom Bragg was
cleared here yesterday, when the
Houston County grand jury re
turned a no-bill in the case of
the fatal shooting of two AWOL
soldiers last May.
Chief Brag was not present.
At least 12 witnesses testified
as the jurors investigated the
deaths of Pvts. Louis L. Passmore
and Lon Asman.
Chief Bragg, who had been
freed on $10,000 bond, had pre
viously testified he shot and killed
the two men to save his own life
u/hpn a HoolrnW Viitvi nrViU
he was taking them from Haw
kinsville to Warner-Robins Air
Force Base, near Macon.
tlHoUN Mlcbitan A Pacific Arc
Rannine water in nil roams. Private baths.
Free parkins Free fcatbine from Betel
_ Phene 4-3621
A Complete Vocation at
Cape May, N. i.
fifoaeoi • Cod • throe** on ocean . Ova Swummeg Hd
roaMs. Bowling. Dancing. Sort Bar. Cocklad Lounge. Bridge
St«. Fishing . Bicycling. Unities. tiding. Finest Fold . Roles
ktm 14 OB single 36 00 double • Ammon and lory pane den
Caeaerly 400-Twelith year under same men igeaiwl. Write hr
■hrolere . Phone Ope May 4-3411.
a ■ ir~it" ■ asaBaBMa
Pocahontas Hotel
$3-50 uTpr‘:
Mw per Day 2 hi Ream
Ocean Front at 19th SL
_ •
Relined 4 Wheels Complete
PONTIAC-6 ■ j| .49
PACKARD-110 ^ hIH WHm tidily Low
Service by Experts i ADJUSTMENTS
Rivetless Bonded Linings
Latest Pressure Bonded Lining Cqaipaent
Duplicate Police Testing Machine
Controls Please Auto Dealers;
Credit Curbs Are Relaxed
AUtomoDiie aeaiers appearea i
more pleased with relaxed credit
:ontrols here today than did firms
selling household appliances.
Local businessmen were agreed,
however, there will be no great
rush of buyers to take advantage
3f easier terms under the new ec
onomic control act.
The Federal Reserve Board re
vised its consumer credit regula
tions last night to bring them into
line with the new act.
The board issued an amend
ment to its Regulation W, which;
regulates installment credit, length
ening the maximum credit period:
Cor automobiles, household appli
ances, radio and television sets, I
and furniture from 15 to 18
months, and for home and repair;
improvements from 30 to 36
Down Payments Reduced.
Down payment requirements for
household appliances and televi
sion sets are reduced from 25 to
15 per cent. The down payment
required by the regulation may
be made in cash, trade-in or a
combination of both.
The 10 per cent down payment
required for home repair and im
provements now need rot be ob
tained prior to completion of the
The down payment on automo-i
biles remains unchanged at one
third, but the time for paying is
extended from 15 to 18 months.
See Stabilizing Influence.
The pickup of automobile sales
was expected to be gradual but
steady, with neiw customers drawn
into the market because they have;
longer to pay. This will mean
monthly payments of $5 to $15
less. »
me iaci inai aown payments 01
one-third are still required, deal
ers say, should have a stabilizing
Most home appliance dealers in
terviewed in an informal poll be
lieve benefits will reach from the
manufacturer to the consumer.
Some dealers believe the trade
in provision is unsound from all
points of view. A customer with
an old television set, for example
might use it as a down payment
and have less interest in complet
ing the purchase contract because
his investment was smaller.
Factors in Sales Volume.
Other dealers believe, on the
contrary, that healthy sales vol
umes are controlled to a large de
gree by the terms which can be
offered customers. Such terms,
they say, often have more bearing
on sales than the total price fac
Dealers admitted there are big
backlogs of radios, television sets
and other types of household
equipment, which should be reach
ing wider consumer markets. Many
owners of used equipment are
known to be delaying replacement
purchases uritil their old appli
ances have some trade-in value.
Some dealers believe such trade
ins will further clog the market,
and others argue they can be dis
tributed to families who cannot
afford new equipment and would
default on their installments if
they bought higher priced goods.
Auto Supply Spotty.
At present, the supply of auto
mobiles in the Washington area is
fairly close to the demand. Busi
ness is slow compared with the
scare-buying touched off last sum
mer by the Korean war.
The supply remains somewhat
Red Cross to Reduce
Veterans Hospital Aides
ly th« Asiociatcd Prwit
The American Red Cross said
yesterday it probably will with
draw some of its paid workers
from veterans’ hospitals in order
to meet budget slashes.
“But services to veterans def
initely will not b* impaired,” a
spokesman said.
Some sources within and out
side the Veterans’ Administration
said the staff of Red Cross field
directors—usually one to a hos
pital-will be reduced to about 25.
There are* 150 veterans’ hos
pitals, but in some of the smaller
ones Red Cross services have been
conducted on a voluntary basis
without paid'Workers.
The spokesman said a number
of administrative changes are
under way within the organiza
tion because the recent fund rais
ing campaign produced $78 mil
lion instead of the $86 million
spotty in that expensive models
are more readily available, while
standard makes in the lower
price range are relatively scarce.
Yet even the most popular types
can be had within a reasonable
time, especially if customers are
not too exacting about color
shades, upholstery and fittings,
dealers say.
They believe longer-term con
tracts on both used and new cars
will improve trade conditions
“across the board.” Persons with
budgets not quite up to short
term payments will enter the
field, either to buy new cars or
safer second-hand models.
Whether a strengthened de
mand will boost prices, however,
was anybody’s guess.
New Body Armor
Designed to Deflect
45-Caliber Bullet
• Y the Associated Press
Military personnel in battle
zones soon may be wearing body
armor that will deflect a 45-cali
ber bullet flred at point-blank
Progress in developing the
armor was outlined by Navy
; spokesmen to the House Appro
priations Committee during hear
ings on the 1952 military budget.
The testimony was made public
Two types of armor are being
developed. One consists of
laminated plastic- known as
Doron—panels fitted into pockets
made in the lining of regular
military uniforms.
The other type consists of thick
nylon cloth jackets. Experiments
have disclosed that 28 thicknesses
of the cloth will stop a 45-caliber
bullet at muzzle velocity.
Thursday is
Ninth St. Just Above G
Navy to Start Arming 1
Cargo Vessels, Tankers
The Navy plans to start arming
its cargo vessels and those now
operated by the Coast Guard, tes
timony before the House Appro
priations Committee disclosed to
It would be the first time such
ships have been armed since World
War II. Some 25 cargo ships and
tankers operated by the Military
Sea Transport Service and an un
disclosed number of Coast Guard
vessels would get radar and guru
under the plan.
in the store
Over 100 New and Used
Pianos to Choose from
Spinets Grands
Consoles Uprights
1015 Seventh Sr. N.W. ST. 6300
Summer Suit Sale
Here's impressive quality ... at impressive savings. Superb all-wool
tropical worsted suitings tailored to neat perfection by leading makers.
Choose from solid tones and neat checks . . . and now enjoy the ad
ditional savings.
A distinguished group offering the quality workmanship of Hart
Schaffner & Marx . . . and other famous makers. Choose from im
ported and domestic all-wool tropical worsteds and suitings of the new
miracle Orion blend. Rare savings, rare quality ... so make your
selection now.
T, A } * “ ^ 1 ■
i ! 1

xml | txt