OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 03, 1951, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1951-08-03/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Weather Forecast Guide for Readers
Cloudy, high near 88; scattered showers ^ ^ ■ Page Page
afternoon or evening. Clear tonight, low £Amusements. B-8-9 Lost and Found A-3
69. Tomorrow, fair, cooler. (Full report M I W V Om Classified-.. B-9-16 Obituary_A-12
,^a?e. ,A;2-) II II Comics.... B-18-19 Radio—TV... B-17
Midnight 73 6 am...71 11a.m... 78 mV JM I W Editorial_ A-10 Sports_A-15-17
2 a.m...71 8 a.m...72 Noon ... 77 M 1^%/ Edit’l Articles. A-ll Woman’s
4 a.m 71 10 a.m.._75 lp.m...79 ▼ mFinance_ A-19 Section_B-3-5
Lote New York Markets. Page A-19, An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 215. Phone ST. 8000_**_WASHINGTON, D. C„ FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1951-FORTY PAGES. 5 CENTS
Cost of Living Pay Increases
For All Workers Recommended
Unanimously by Wage Board
Johnston Approval
Would Let Millions
Get New Raises
By James Y. Newton
The Government moved today
to tie a wage control policy tightly
to the cost of living.
The Wage Stabilization Board
passtd unanimously a resolution
approving the raising of wages
for al' workers in line with in
creases in living costs. The board
action has this two-fold effect:
1. It continues a Government
approval of escalator clauses al
ready in labor-management con
tracts under which the wages ol
more than 3 million workers rise
or fall in accordance with fluctua
tions in the cost of living.
2. It opened the way for addi
tional millions of workers to ob
tain cost of living escalator
clauses in their contracts with
employers. Previously the board
had given temporary approval
only to those escalator clauses
written into labor contracts writ
ten before January 26 of this year
Johnston Has Say.
Board Chairman George W
Taylor said that the action is
subject to approval of Economic
Stabilizer Eric Johnston.
Dr. Taylor refused to say
whether he thought Mr. Johnston
would approve the board resolu
tion. However, it was indorsed
by all 18 members of the board
including industry, labor and pub
lic members.
Xhe action of the board will af
fect wages more in-the future than
it will at present.
Most Government economists
have predicted that prices of
goods, foods and other things peo
ple must buy will increase under
the watered-down economic con
trols law just passed by Congress.
Says It Isn’t Inflationary.
“If prices ar stabilized there will
be very little movement in wage
rates under our cost-of-living res
olution," Dr. Taylor told a news
conference. "On the other hand,
if prices are not stabilized, wages
will move up also under the action
taken by the board.”
Dr. Taylor described the new
board wage policy as "fair and
certainly not inflationary.”
Under past Government wage
policy most workers have been
limited to maximum wage in
creases of 10 per cent over the
base period of January 15, 1950.
Dr. Taylor said that living costs
have risen about 11 per cent since
that date.
If Mr. Johnston approves the
policy it was indicated that the
base date for new cost-of-living
escalator increases will be the
time an individual contract be
tween a union and an employer
is signed.
indicate noara s roncy.
Dr. Taylor did not reveal the
text of the board resolution but
he said that it specified the kind
of coast-of-living clauses the
board would approve.
He said that such clauses
should compensate for rises in
living costs but should not gc
beyond that point.
The board resolution also made
provision for cases where unions
and employers do not want
escalator clauses in their contract
In such cases provision is made
for periodic reviews of wage rates
to enable the workers to receive
wage adjustments as prices rise
The board had been debating a
new w'age control policy for more
than six weeks.
Haakon Is 79 Today
OSLO, Norway, Aug. 3 UP).—
King Haakon VII of Norway ob
serves his 79th birthday today.
Elizabeth and Philip
Due Here in October
Of 11 njtuiiuicu ■ mu
LONDON, Aug. 3 Iff).—Princess
Elizabeth and Prince Philip have
accepted an invitation to visit
President Truman in Washington
October 24 to 26.
An official announcement from
Buckingham Palace said the 25
year-old heir presumptive to the
British throne and her husband
will stay at Blair House.
The trip to Washington will
follow a visit to Canada. They
will sail from England on Septem
ber 25 on the Canadian Pacific
liner, Empress of France.
The last members of the royal
family to visit the United States
were King George VI and Queen
Elizabeth. They went there as
guests of President Roosevelt in
1939, also after a Canadian tour.
Court circles said it was not yet
known whether Elizabeth and her
navy husband will visit any other
cities in the United States.
It will be the first trip to the
American continent for the royal
pair. Elizabeth's only previous
long-distance tour was to South
Africa with her parents and her
sister, Princess Margaret, in 1947
In Washington, the White
House confirmed the dates of the
forthcoming visit.
4
U. S. Chiefs Seem Determined
To Continue Kaesong Parleys
No Evidence Seen of Early End to Talks
Despite Deadlock Over Cease-Fire Line
By John M. Hightower
Associated Press Staff Writer
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway and
;top Washington officials were re
ported determined today to carry
on the Kaesong truce talks just as
long as the Communists are
willing to do so.
This may be many week because
the negotiators on the U. N. side
seem to be up against a combina
tion of familiar Soviet Communist
stalling tactics and t).' traditional
timeless patience of the Orient.
Even so, officials privately de
clared, the United States and its
U. N. allies must stick it out—first
because they deeply want peace in
Korea if it can be had on reason-*
able terms, and second because at
this stage at least they do not;
want any responsibility for break
ing off the talks.
A check among well informed
officials here showed no evidence
that Gen. Ridgway has been try
ing to get a date set for ending
the talks if the present deadlock
persists. On the contrary, it was
said that Gen. Ridgway and
Washington see eye-to-eye on a
need for patience and persistence
in dealing with the North Korean
and Chinese Reds.
Among authorities here, there
is, in fact, a moderately strong -
belief that the Reds really want
to end the Korean war. At the
same time, they want to end it
on terms as favorable as they can
(See TALKS, Page A-6.)_
Allies Cite Superiority
In Air, Sea in Effort to
Break Truce Deadlock
U. N. Stresses Bargaining
Weapons as Reds Fail to
Weaken Their Demands
By th« Associated Press
U. N. ADVANCE HEADQUAR
TERS, Korea. Aug. 3.—The Allies
today pointedly reminded the
Reds that United Nations war
planes and ships range at will far
north of the Korean battlefront
and must be taken into account
in setting up any cease-fire buffer
zone across the peninsula.
An authoritative source said the
U. N. envoys emphasized this vir
tually unchallenged air and naval
might during the deadlocked
armistice negotiations at Kaesong.
The Communists have been in
sisting on a cease-fire buffer zone
straddling Parallel 38. The U. N.
demands a dividing line generally
following the present front, which
;
Deadlock Brings Talk
Of Rift Between Red
Koreans and Chinese
By th« Associated Press
U. N. ADVANCE HEAD
QUARTERS, Korea, Aug. 3.—
The deadlocked armistice
talks brought speculation to
day of a possible split be
tween the North Koreans and
Chinese.
There is vague evidence the
Chinese are more willing than
the North Koreans to deal
with the Allies.
Many observers believe the
Chinese are not interested in
pressing the Red delegation’s
demand for a dividing line
along Parallel 38. Instead
they are more interested in
getting their armies out of
Korea *where they have been
badly mauled.
extends diagonally, from south of
Parallel 38 in the west, into North
Korea for as much as 35 miles.
Red Admits U. S. Superiority.
So, in effect, the Allies told the
Reds today not to forget that the
ground line is not the only battle
front—that the war can, and fs,
daily being carried to the Reds as
:far north as the Yalu River
boundaiy between North Korea
[and Red Manchuria.
When Allied negotiators used
[this lever in today's two-hour and
135 minute session, a U. N. spokes
man said. North Korean Lt. Gen.
Nam II grudgingly admitted that
the superior U. N. air power had
influenced Communist ground ac
tion.
However, the chief Red dele
gate did not weaken his demand
for a cease-fire line along the 38th
j parallel.
The sessions ended , with the
two delegations still unable to
agree on where to ci'eate a buffer
zone. They take up the same
subject for the tenth time in Sat
urday’s session, set for 11 a.m. (9
p.m. Friday EDT.)
The U. N.’s unquestioned air
and naval might was introduced
into discussions at the start of
• Continued on Page A-6, Col. 5.)
Too Much Big League Radio
Called Chief Threat to Minors
By Miriam Ottenberg
The House Monopoly subcom
mittee was told today that the
"saturation" of broadcasts of ma
jor league baseball games in minor
league communities is threatening
the survival of the lower-class
[clubs.
George M. Trautman, boss of
the minors, told the subcommit
tee:
“I’m beginning to wonder wheth
er baseball’s problem isn’t to save
itself from this overabundance of
radio."
The broadcasting question was
injected into the anti-trust hear
k
ings on organized baseball when
Mr. Trautman was asked if tele
vision and radio were contributing
ot the financial losses suffered by
the minors.
“We are now exposed to a sat
uration of major league baseball
that is more than the minor league
communities can absorb,” he re
sponded.
He reported that in 1949, a sur
vey of 64 communities with minor
league clubs showed that 75 ma
jor league broadcasts were reach
ing them. But a month ago, the
number of major league broad
(See PROBE. Page A-6.)
I k
British Cabinet Group
Flying to Iran for ,
New Oil Negotiations
Round-Table Talks
Agreed to in Formal
Exchange of Notes
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 3.—Britain’s
cabinet mission to Iran left by
plane for Teheran today to begin
new negotiations toward settling
the bitter dispute over national
ization of Iranian oil.
In an exchange of formal notes
at Teheran, Britain and Iran to
day agreed to the round-table dis
cussions. Britain accepted the
“principle of nationalization of
the oil industry in Iran.”
The leader of the British mis
sion. Richard R. Stokes, Lord
Privy Seal, told newsmen at the
airport:
"I’m quite sure that the con
versations will be conducted in an
atmosphere of what I would de
scribe a6 the utmost good will. As
long as we do that, we should find
some solution which will be ac
ceptable to every one.”
But he added that “it doesn’t i
mean everybody will get every
thing they want.”
Talks Set for Sunday.
The group — including Mr.;
Stokes, four additional govern-'
ment officials and about 10 others
counting clerical assistants—ex
pects to arrive in Teheran to
morrow evening. Mr. Stokes said
he hopes to see Iranian Premier
Mohammed Mossadegh Sunday
morning, at which time the ne
gotiations are expected to begin.
Iran agreed in the exchange of
notes that the way in which the
government takes over the vast oil
resources—heretofore exclusively
exploited by the British-owned
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co.—“shall be
subject to negotiations between
the two governments.” Previously
Iran had declared the dispute was
a matter between Iran and the
oil company and would not accept
a British government negotiator.
The conferences will take place
in the summer palace of the Min
istry of Foreign Affairs, 15 miles
north of the Iranian capital.
* Hopes for Success.
Mr. Stokes expressed optimism,
“I don’t believe there is any-'
thing that can’t be solved, given;
the goodwill of both sides. I hope
that the mission will be a sue-!
cess.”
The dispute over the future of |
the $1.4 billion Anglo-Iranian Oil
Co. operations in Iran was dead-j
locked when negotiations broke
down a month and a half ago.
President Truman stepped in
about two weeks ago and sent his
personal envoy, W. Averell Harri
man, as a mediator.
Mr. Stokes indicated that both
Britain and Iran expect Mr. Har
riman to remain in Teheran while i
the talks go on.
“I think Mr. Harriman will be!
a big help,”.he said.
In Teheran, Mr. Harriman also
told reporters he believed the
basis for the talks allowed a!
“good chance” for success.
The British delegation will be;
put up at the Shah’s guest house
where Mr. Harriman is now stay-i
ing.
i
Butler Election
i
Tactics Blasted
As 'Despicable'
Senators' Report
Refuses to Ask
For His Unseating
By W. H. Shippen
A Senate Privileges and Elec
tions subcommittee today declined
to challenge the seating of Sen
ator Butler, Republican, of Mary
land, but vigorously denounced
as a “despicable ‘back street’ type"
his successful election campaign
against Millard E. Tydings last
November.
The facts developed from more
than 600,000 words of testimony
during a hearing which continued
for almost two months last spring
were not sufficient, in the sub
committee’s judgment, to base a
recommendation for the "unseat
ing of Senator Butler.”
The subcommittee, in a 39-page
report, emphar red. however, that,
“this is not tc say that we ap->
prove or condone certain acts and
conduct in his campaign. To the
contrary, we vigorously denounce
such acts and conduct and recom
mend a study looking to the adop
tion of rules by the Senate which
_1- _i. _ * i r
"*** Hiaac ovw ui uciamauun,
slander and libel sufficient as
grounds for presentment to the
Senate for the purpose of declar
ing a Senate seat vacant.”
Decline Libel Action.
The subcommittee declined to
act on the request of Mr. Tydings
that criminal libel action be taken
against Butler campaign backers
if the evidence supported his ac
cusations.
‘‘The evidence available,” the
Senators reported, "does not per
mit us to determine whether there
was violation of the District of Co
lumbia criminal libel law.”
Mr. Tydings in particular had
denounced the Butler campaign
tabloid, "From the Record,” half
a million copies of which were
run off on the presses of the
Washington Times-Herald. He
declared the publication was a
“tissue of lies” and contained a
“composite” photograph purport
ing to show him in intimate as
sociation with Earl Browder, for
mer Communist leader.
The Senators pointed out they
would have welcomed arty infor
mation that Senator Butler could
make available, but the Senator
did not elect to accept an invi
tation to testify.
Senator Butler’s only appear
ance before the hearings was to
arise to a "point of personal
privilege” at the outset on Feb
ruary 20 and declare that Mr.
Tydings was making an unjusti
fied attack upon him The orig
inal witness was to have been Mr
Tydings. but the Senators granted
Senator Butler the courtesy of be
ing#ieard first.
McCarthy at Session.
The subcommittee* headed by
Senator Gillette, Democrat, of
Iowa, presented the unanimous re
port to the Rules Committee at 10
o’clock this morning. All 13 mem
bers attended the executive session
or were represented by proxy.
Senator Butler said, through an
aide, that he would have no com
ment until he had a chance to
study the report. The senator said
he was taking a copy of the report
with him on a visit to New York
and would decide later whether
to comment.
Members of the Rules Commit
tee who attended the executive
session included Senator McCar
thy, Republican, of Wisconsin,
vho campaigned against Mr. Ty
iings in Maryland on the grounds
that he "whitewashed” his charges
that Communists had infiltrated
the State Department while Mr.
rydings headed the Senate in
vestigating group.
The Rules Committee adjourned
it 11 o’clock without acting on
•he subcommittee report or set
,ing a date for future action.
McCarthy’s Statement.
In a statement afterward. Sena
tor McCarthy insisted that he was
•ight in calling the Tydings in
juiry in Goverment a "white
wash.”
“The administration’s attempt
hrough Tydings last year to
whitewash Communists in Gov
ernment did not stick. This year’s
attempt to whitewash Tydings will
lot stick.”
All of the campaign material
complained of. Senator McCarthy
said, “was designed to show that
rydings whitewashed the charges
if Communists in government. If
rydings actually was not trying
to whitewash Communists in gov
ernment then certainly it was an
unfair campaign.”
“If Tydings was attempting to
whitewash Communists in govern
ment then anyone aware of the
facts who failed to bring them to
the attention of the Maryland
voters would have been almost
equally guilty with Tydings.”
“There is ample evidence,” the
subcommittee reported, “that Sen
itor Butler had actual, personal
aiowledge that a tabloid news
(See BUTLER, Page A-3.)
Harrington Hearing
Suddenly Postponed
By Senate Committee
Peace Move Indicated
In Truman-Douglas
Fight Over Judgeships
By Cecil Holland
A Senate hearing on President
Truman's controversial nomina
tion of Cornelius J. Harrington of
Chicago for a Federal District
judgeship was suddenly postponed
today at the request of the Justice
Department.
As the hearing was getting
under way, a note was placed
before Chairman McCarran of the
Senate Judiciary Committee say
ing Peyton Ford, Assistant At
torney General, wanted the post
ponement for the purpose of
obtaining “additional information
on the nominee’s qualifications.”
Senator McCarran said tha
hearing would be put off for a
week.
Senator Douglas, Democrat, of
Illinois, who is opposing the,
nomination, said he learned of
the Justice Department’s request,
only a few minutes earlier.
“I don’t know the reason,” he*
May Be Peace Move.
It was indicated later that the
move for delay was in the nature
of a peace move, some Justice
Department officials being repre
sented as feeling that the dispute
over Judge Harrington might ^ be
worked out amicably.
Surprise was expressed at the
White House over the Justice De
partment’s request and it w'as said
that nothing was known there
about the matter.
Judge Harrington was in the :
hearing room at the time the
request was received. He is at
present an Illinois Circuit Court
judge.
Judge Harrington and Munici
pal Court Judge Joseph J. Drucker
of Chicago, another nominee for
a vacant Illinois judgeship, have j
been caught in the middle of a
sharp dispute between President ,
Truman and Senator Douglas.
Brief Hearing Held.
In making the nominations, :
President Truman ignored rec
ommendations of Senator Douglas ]
for William H. King, jr„ and
Judge Benjamin P. Epstein of
Chicago for the appointments.
The President and Senator
Douglas agreed, however, on a
third appointment, that of Joseph
Samuel Perry, a Wheaton (111.)
lawyer, for a third judgeship. 1
The Judiciary Subcommittee
held a brief hearing on the Perry
appointment with no witnesses ap
pearing against him. Earlier, it
had been expected that a former
client of Mr. Perry would protest
Armed With Poll.
Senator Douglas said Mr. Perry
was “personally satisfactory” to !
him and was well qualified for the
appointment. Senator McCarran -
said the nomination would be
considered by the full committee |
Monday.
Senator Douglas was prepared 1
to testify forcefully against the {
rfarrington appointment and also
that of Judge Drucker, which is
(See JUDGES. Page A-6.)
-I
Burke Airport Decision |
Made by Planners ■
A unanimous decision on the 1
disputed Burke (Va.) airport site r
was voted today by the National -
Capital Park and Planning Com- (
mission, but whether it was favor- c
able or unfavorable will not be 1
disclosed, it was announced, until i
the commission submits its re- c
port next week to Secretary of c
Commerce Sawyer.
All but two absent members r
participated in the vote and the r
fact it was unanimous gave c
strength to the belief in Federal s
circles that it favored locating the c
airport in the Fairfax County
area. i
i
4 Young Poles Flee to Sweden
In Flimsy Plane After Guntight
Makeshift Craft Eludes Baltic Pursuit;
Quartet 'Fed Up' With Red Regime
By the Associated Press
STOCKHOLM, Sweden. Aug. 3.
—Four young Poles, one a woman,
anded their bullet-riddled, make
shift plane in Southern Sweden
today and told of a dramatic
escape from Red Poland amid
pinfire.
They asked asylum, saying they
were “fed up” with the Commu
list regime in their homeland.
Their exploit was less than 24
i«urs after 12 sailors of the Polish
favy staged a Baltic mutiny
iboard a minesweeper and chose
•efuge in Sweden.
The two incidents created spec
llation concerning a possible con
aecting with the recent visit to
Poland of Soviet Deputy Prime
Minister V. M. Molotov, who
warned in threatening terms
igainst Titoist revolts.
The four refugees today made
i perfect landing, despite riddled
landing gear, at Bulltofta Airport
near Malmoe and said they
escaped after a gunfight with
Polish military guards.
They told a thrilling story of
zig-zagging at 10,000 feet through
the Baltic clouds to shake off a
pursuing military aircraft. Once,
a hatch flew open and they almost
fell into the sea.
They crept up on the stolen
plane—a crazy craft put together
from a Polish engine, wheels from
a German Messerschmitt, an
American carburetor and some
Swiss parts—at 3 a.m. at an air
port near Poznan.
Overpowering two guards, they
took off under the gunfire of other
guards. They still had an old pis
tol when they landed but said they
had dumped a shbmachinegun intc
the Baltic.
The four were whisked to a camp
«See POLES, Page A-6.)
House Due to Decide
Next Week on Moves
For Release of Oatis
'Get-Tough' Policy Bloc
Delays Stand to Thursday
For Presence of Quorum
By th« Associated Press
The House is expected to decide
lext week whether to get tough
>r go easy in efforts to obtain the
•elease of Associated Press Corre
spondent William N. Oatis from a
Prague jail.
Backers of the get-tough ap
(NPA Directors Soy Jailing of Oofis Is Red
Attempt to Stop Free Press Forever.
Page A-5
jroach postponed a House decision
rntil next Thursday because only
>8 of the 434 Representatives
vere present yesterday.
And those 68 voted 35 to 33
igainst a resolution favoring an
mmediate end to commercial re
asons with Czechoslovakia and
jossibly a break in diplomatic re
asons later.
Mr. Oatis, 37-year-old native of
ilarion, Ind., was convicted of
‘espionage” by a Prague court
ast month and sentenced to 10
'ears' imprisonment. The con
viction has been widely con
lemned as a sham and a fraud.
Supporters of the get-tough
•esolution demanded that final
iecision await a quorum of the
Souse. A quorum is two-thirds of.
.he full House membership. So'
i “gentlemen’s agreement” was
•eached to wait until next Thurs
iay.
Forthcoming primary elections,:
ipeaking engagements and week
(See OATIS, Page A-3.)
East German Reds
May Show 50 GIs
Captured in Korea
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, Aug,
3.—East German Communists are
planning a “sideshow” of 50
American soldiers, captured in
Korea, during the East Berlin
World Youth Festival next week,
British authorities reported today.
The British said the 50 pre
sumably had been “trained” to
act the part of “American lovers
of peace who deserted their own
ranks to protest against Ameri
can imperialism ”
Further details were not avail
able.
Foes' Casualties Rise
7,420, U. S. Reports
The Army estimated today that
the Chinese Communists and
North Koreans have suffered 1,
228,854 casualties through July 23,
an increase of 7,420 in four days.
United Nations forces picked up
an additional 1,067 Red prisoners
in the period, bringing the total
to 164,766.
Of the prisoners, 147,141 are
North Koreans and 17,625 are
Chinese.
The estimate showed that the
enemy had suffered 886,605 battle
casualties and 177,483 non-battle
casualties.
Announced American battle
casualties in the Korean war
through July 27 totaled 80,079.
Parliament Adjourns
LONDON, Aug. 3 (JP).—The Brit
ish Parliament adjourned yester
day for a 2V2 -month recess. It
will reconvene October 16. I
Berlin Mayor Defies U. 5. Order
To Reverse Ruling on Red Agent
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, Aug. 3.—Mayor Ernst
teuter today assailed as ‘‘one.of
he worst things that has hap
ened in Berlin” an American
rder that he instruct a Berlin
ourt to reverse its verdict against
n American-Soviet agent accused
f having delivered Germans into
tussian captivity.
Mr. Reuter told the city parlia
lent yesterday he has defied the
rder from United States High
lommissioner John J. McCloy on
onstitutional grounds. He said he
iad no power to intervene with an
^dependent court and that the
ourt itself must decide if it would
bey.
This morning the mayor called a
ews conference for foreign cor
espondents to add his personal
omments on the case, which he
aid has damaged German-Ameri
an relations in this outpost city.
The agent, Hans Kemritz,
forked for the Russians and
f
Americans here in the early years
of the occupation. A Berlin
:ourt, in defiance of American
directives, has assessed heavy
monetary damages against Kem
ritz in favor of a German widow
who charged the agent had lured
tier husband to arrest and even
tual death in a Soviet prison.
Explaining his own defiance of
the American order, Mr. Reuter
said:
“I am confronted with a situa
tion I find utterly incompre
hensible. I don’t understand how
anybody could give to the Mayor
of Berlin an order which would
oe impossible to execute in any
democratic country—an order to
interfere with an independent
:ourt.
“I feel that this is one of the
worst things that has happened
in Berlin. We have had some
differences before, among our
selves and with any or all the
occupying powers, but this is the
first political difference.”
i
90 Cadets Fired
At West Point
For Cheating
Football Players
Included in Group
Ousted at Academy
By John A. Giles
The Army announced today that
30 West Point cadets have been
discharged for "violation of the
rode of conduct.” The infractions
included receiving "improper out
side assistance in academic work,”
the announcement said.
Army Secretary Pace said that
he had taken the action on the
recommendation of Gen. J. Lawton
Collins, Army Chief of Staff.
No names were disclosed, but it
was said that some football play
ers were involved.
Judge Learned Hand of the Sec
ond United States Court of Ap
peals headed a Board of Review
which went over the findings and
reported to Maj. Gen. Frederick
A. Irving, the Military Academy
superintendent.
“Following a thorough investi
gation of the case by a board of
military academy officers ap
pointed at West Point by the
superintendent, this case was re
ported to the Secretary through
the Chief of Staff,” the announce
ment stated.
Dismissals Upheld.
“The superintendent approved
the recommendations of the We A
Point board that the cadets in
volved be discharged from the
service. Following this recommen
dation Mr. Pace appointed a re
view board headed by Judge
Hand.”
Along with the announcement
here, the Army made available a
release by Gen. Irving in which it
was stated that there had been
“a serious breach” of the West
Point code of honor.
Honor Code Violated.
“In this instance the infrac
tions consisted of receiving im
proper outside assistance in aca
demic work,” the West Point an
nouncement explained. “In ac
cordance with the accepted code
of honor, a cadet is not permitted
to seek Or to accent improper as
sistance in any of the tests pre
sented to him in class.”
The code which was described
“as the basis of the traditional
high standard of personal intcg
jrity and character which has been
a hallmark throughout its exist
ence was established by and is
(administered largely by the cadet."
| While the announcement did
I not name the cadets involved, it
did state that among them were
cadets who “have been prominent
in various activities including var
sity football.”
In addition to Judge Hand the !
| board consisted of Lt. Gen. Troy
'H. Middleton, retired, president
of Louisiana State University, and
Maj. Gen. Robert M. Danford, re
tired. former West Point com
mandant and former president of
the West Point Association of
graduates.
Mr. Pace stated that the board
was unanimous in its recommen
dation that the cadets be dis
charged.
Can't Compromise Code.
‘‘I deeply regret that it is neces
sary to take this severe action,"
Mr. Pace stated. “The great value
of West Point to the Army and to
the Nation rests on the unwaver
ing integrity and character of its
graduates. I feel that there can
be no compromise of high stand
ards of conduct on which West
Point was founded. The honor
code is the essence of West Point
and must be maintained.
“In weighing this action the
Chief of Staff and I were also in
fluenced by the fact that an Army
officer has in battle the responsi
bility for the lives of men under
his command, just as a doctor
has the responsibility for the life
or death of his patients.
“The integrtiy of such a man
must be above reproach. There is
no question but that throughout
its existince West Point has set
the high standards and the tenets
of the officer corps of the Army
and these must be preserved.”
Army officials said it was the
first time in the history of the
academy that there had been a
large-scale discharge of cadets.
One or two have been discharged
from time to time for violations
of the code, however.
Effective Immediately.
They said that the discharges
were beginning immediately.
Judge Hand had secret con
ferences with both Mr. Pace and
Gen. Collins in New York several
weeks ago, but the department
refused to disclose any inkling
sf what was being discussed to
day.
In making his announcement,
Gen. Irving said this action “was
the source of the deepest regret
to me as well as to all graduates
and cadets of the military acad
emy.”
Late News
Bulletin
Laundry Safe Robbed
Nearly $15,000 in checks and
cash was stolen from a safe at
the Hub Laundry, 3700 Eastern
avenue, Mount Rainier, early
today, Prince Georges County
police reported. Police said the
safe was broken open with a
heavy tool. The checks totaled
$12,500.
* »

xml | txt