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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 04, 1951, Image 1

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Sunny, pleasant, high 80 today. Clear, Page Page
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„_______ An Associoted Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 216. Phone ST. 5000 ** S WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1951-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. » CENTS
West Point Cheating Inquiry
Pushed, More May Be Ousted;
Army to Retain Honor System
Congressional Probe
Demanded With
Eye on Football
By John A. Giles
The Army said today that the
Inquiry into cheating at West Point
is being continued. It added that,
although all of the offenders are
believed to have been caught, it is
possible that additional cadets
might be dismissed.
There is no plan to abandon the
Military Academy’s traditional
West Point Honor System Principles Date
Back Century. Page A 9
Army to Field Football Team in Spite ot
Cribbing Scandal. Page B-14
honor system, said Maj. Gen. Floyd
L. Parks, Army information chief,
as he pointed out that it was the
Honor Committee which turned up
the scandal which brought about
the discharge of 90 cadets yes
terday.
Gen. Parks said officials at the
Military Academy believe that all
the cadets who have been cheat
ing on examinations have been
caught, but reluctantly admitted
that additional ones might be
lurnea up.
The Honor Committee appar
ently turned up the first of the
offending cadets last year and
several offenders were dismissed
then. The Army feels that no
cadet who cheated graduated but
it cannot be certain.
Opposed to Disclosure.
The Army is strongly opposed
to disclosing the names of any of
the offenders and plans to dis
charge the cadets gradually along
with others going out of the Acad
emy through normal attrition—
failure in tests, sickness, etc.
In that way, it is felt, the iden
tity of those • discharged wall be
protected.
Gem Parks had high praise of
the honor system which turned up
the original offenders in the
cheating ring, which had mush
roomed by leaps and bounds over
a few months.
He said the Army had no plans
for placing proctors in the rooms,
as is the custom in many universi
ties which have tried the honor
system and then replaced it.
Neither will the Army augment
the honor system at West Point
with observers in the classrooms.
“The cadets are most competent
and zealous in carrying out the
honor code,” he declared.
Demands for Probe.
While the Army continued its
inquiry at West Point, there were
strong congressional demands for
a Capitol Hill investigation cou
pled with protests against the
Army’s policy of not releasing the
names of the offenders.
Senator Young. Republican, of
North Dakota, urged Congress to
investigate the possibility that
' over-emphasis on football led to
the breakdown in the Academy’s
honor system.
The Senator said such an in
quiry should also “cover too much
laxity in conducting examina
tions.” The Army explained that
officer-instructors usually are in
the room when tests are taken
but that the matter of cheating
would be left entirely to the ca
dets themselves to handle under
the honor code.
Representative Brooks, Republi
can, of Louisiana, a ranking mem
ber of the House Armed Services
Committee, said the “academy
should be claened from top to
bottom of all moral dishonesty.”
Although the Army maintained
that no faculty members were in
volved, Mr. Brooks said that “if
any are involved, they should be
fired.”
Editors Protest Unfairness.
Editors and others protested
that it was unfair to innocent ex
cadets to withhold the names of
the cadets discharged.
Many students leave the acad
emy annually because of impaired
health, failure in classes and oth
ci icabuna. me Army was turn
that these students would tend
to be under a cloud as long as the
names of the 90 were kept secret.
The Army took the position
that the 90 were “only kids” and
should not be stigmatized for life.
The department also was re
(See WEST POINT. Page A-9.)
'Hit and Run Driver'
Hunted as Woman
Is Struck by Scooter
Police today were seeking a
“hit-and-run” driver for the dou
ble purpose of reprimanding him
and returning his impounded ve
hicle. to wit, a home-made scooter.
In their accident complaint
book, police reported that Mrs. Ina
R. Darling, 61, of 620 F street
N.E., was struck while walking
yesterday afternoon in the 800
block of F street N.E.
She was admitted to Casualty
Hospital with an injury to the
right arm. Police searched for a
colored boy, said to have run away
from the scene.
The police record indicated the
boy had failed to give full time
and, attention to his driving and
to give right of way to a pedes
trian.
U. N. Delays Suez Case
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y„ Aug.
4 VP).—A Security Council meet
ing scheduled for next Tuesday to
act on Egypt’s Sue* Canal block
%ade was postponed today until
next Thursday morning.
Ousted Cadets Bitterly Insist
Many Others Cribbed on Exams
Son of Coach Blaik
Critical of Army's
Handling of Matter
By the Associated Press
WEST POINT, N. Y„ Aug. 4.—
Bob Blaik. star quarterback on
the team and son of West Point’s
head football coach, bitterly criti
cized the United States Military
Academy today for the manner
in which it ousted 90 cadets for
“cribbing” in examinations.
Young Blaik refused to say
whether he was one of the cadets
involved in the biggest academic
scandal of West Point's 150 years.
However, he used the pronoun
"we" when discussing the ousted
cadets.
Surrounded by admitted mem
bers of the 90-man ousted group,
Blaik told newsmen:
“We were not allowed to notify
_(See BLAIK, Page A-9.) i
Other West Pointers
Express Pride in
School's Honor Code
By the Associated Press
WEST POINT, N. Y„ Aug. 4.—
There was pride here today in
the Military Academy’s traditions
and ideals, but there was only
disgust for the 90 cadets ousted
as cheaters at examinations.
It was the traditions and ideals,
embodied in the academy's honor
code, that led to the exposure of
the 90.
It was the same spirit that left
cadet leaders, to a man, without
sympathy for those expelled, with
praise for the unidentified cadet
whose initial report of cheating
led to the scandal.
News of the mass ouster, great
est in the academy’s 149 years,
came as a shock yesterday to the
(See REACTION, Page A-9.)
Douglas Opens Fight
To Block Appointment
Of Drucker as Judge
Truman Method, Not
Selection, 'Obnoxious/
Illinois Senator Says
By Cecil Holland
Senator Douglas, Democrat, of
Illinois today formally began his
Senate fight against two Federal
judgeship appointments in his
State by declaring that President
Truman's choices were “personally
obnoxious” to him owing to the
manner in w;hich the nominations
were made.
He testified before a Senate ju
diciary subcommittee holding a
hearing on the nomination of Mu
nicipai judge josepn Jerome
Drucker of Chicago for one of the
appointments.
Chairman McCarran of the full
Judiciary Committee told Judge
Drucker that precedent is against
his confirmation because of Sen
ator Douglas’ opposition.
Senator Douglas told the sub
committee that he was consulted
by President Truman at no time
and that the Drucker nomination
“was made without either my
knowledge or consent.”
The Illinois Senator confined his
attack on the appointment to the
manner in which the nomination
was made and said that he re
garded Judge Drucker as “an es
timable man.”
Terms Action “Obnoxious.”
“I furthermore believe that the
effects of this appointment on ju
dicial standards and on the Sen
ate’s constitutional powers would
be contrary to the public interest,”
Senator Douglas added. “This
makes the nomination personally
obnoxious to me as a believer in
good government.”
He submitted the results of polls
by the Illinois and Chicago Bar
Associations which he described
as “crushing and conclusive” in
support of the candidates he has
recommended. These were Wil
liam H. King, jr„ and Benjamin
P. Epstein.
Hearing on the other contested
Illinois nomination—that of Judge
Cornelius J. Harrington—yester
day was delayed for a week at the
request of the Justice Department.
This led to speculation that some
sort of compromise was being
attempted.
Sabbath Supports Drucker.
Representative Sabbath, Demo
crat, of Illinois, testified in sup
port of the nomination of Judge
Drucker, who is his nephew. He
praised Judge Drucker as having
“the finest record of any young
man.” He also suggested that the
Chicago Bar Association had gone
out of its way to take a poll on
the presidential appointments.
Judge Drucker, who will be 51
next week, also testified briefly.
He said the Chicago Bar Associa
tion last year had placed him on
a list of judges and lawyers suit
able for appointment to the Fed
eral bench.
The Judiciary Subcommittee
held a brief hearing yesterday on
the nomination of Joseph Samuel
Perry for a third Illinois judge
ship appointment. Both Senator
Douglas and the President are in
agreement on this appointment.
Houston Doctors Treating
Man With Fever of 110
By the Associated Press
HOUSTON, Aug. 4.—Doctors at
Herrmann Hospital here are
treating a 59-year-old man with
a body temperature of 110 de
1 grees.
Normally death results if tne
body temperature reaches 108 or
more, except in some cases of
heat stroke.
Attendants said the exact ill
ness of Juan Gonzales has not
been determined, but he was
treated for three days for a chest
cold before going to the hospital.
He entered the hospital yesterday
with 107 degrees.
The attendants said no treat
. ment to lower the man’s tempera
ture could be started until his
illness was diagnosed.
House Group to Open
Hearings on Sorge
Spy Ring Thursday
Gen. Willoughby to Testify
On Controversial Report
Naming Some Americans
By L. Edgar Prina
The House Committee on Un
American Activities announced
today it will open hearings next
Thursday on the famous Sorge
spy ring which stole secrets for
the Russians in Japan and China
in the years before World War II.
At the same time, the committee
said it would hear the star wit
ness in 'the case—Maj. Gen.
Charles A. Willoughby—on Au
gust 21.
Gen. Willoughby was Gen. Mac
Arthur’s top intelligence officer
throughout World War II and up
to the time of Gen. MacArthur’s
dismissal as Allied Supreme
Commander in the Far East earlier
this year.
Japanese Official to Testify.
First witness to be questioned
will ho MitciKaHo Vhchilr a wro nf
the Japanese attorney general's
office. Mr. Yoshikawa. who inter
rogated Dr. Richard Sorge, Rus
sian-born German Communist
who headed the espionage ring, at
the time of the latter’s arrest, is
in this country studying legislative
procedures.
The committee said Gen. Wil
loughby will be questioned about
the activities of Americans in the
Far East who were named during
the original Sorge investigation in
the 1940s. Sorge was arrested by
the Japanese in October, 1941, and
was hanged about three years
later.
Report Was Controversial.
Gen. Willoughby wrote a con
troversial report on the spy ring
in 1949. Although it was not pre
pared for release, the Army issued
it to the press on February 10 of
that year.
In the report, the late Agnes
Smedley, an American writer on
Far Eastern matters, was branded
a Soviet agent and Communist
spy. She immediately denied the
charges and the then Army Sec
retary, Kenneth Royall, ordered
that the part of the Willoughby
report concerning her be with
drawn.
Gen. Willoughby, incensed at
this development, offered to sub
mit to suit by Miss Smedley, but
she
Two Missing Jets Hunted
WIESBADEN, Germany, Aug. 4
UP).—Seven planes of the United
States Air Force in Germany yes
terday joined Navy planes in the
search for two Navy jet fighters
reported missing in the Mediter
ranean area. The missing jets are
believed to have been stationed at
the Navy’s flight base at Port
Lyautey, French Morocco.
Dismissed Scientist Ends Life
With Snake Venom in Michigan
Noted Bacteriologist
Accused by Regents
Of Misusing Funds
By the Associated Press
ANN ARBOR, Mich., Aug. 4.—A
world famous scientist, threatened
with prosecution for mishandling
University of Michigan funds,
killed himself with a hypodermic
dose of snake venom and mor
phine late yesterday.
Three hours before his suicide,
Dr. Malcolm H. Soule, a bacteri
ologist, was told by university re
gents he had been fired and would
be prosecuted
The Washtenaw County prose
cutor’s office called a conference
today to decide whether to go on
^with an inquiry into the way^the
P (See SCIENTIST, Page A-».)
—AP Wirepljfcto.
MALCOLM H. SOULE. >
Building Curbs
Won't Affecr
Most Houses
60-Day Freeze Set
On Major Projects
To Conserve Metal
The Government's 60-day ban
on the start of new construction
except that requiring minor quan
tities of steel, copper and alumi
num will not affect most resi
dences.
Small stores and some amuse
ment places—heretofore prohib
ited—also may go ahead under
terms of the order issued yester
day by the National Production
Authority. ^
But the “fn'^yb,” effective until
October 1. bans the start of new
factories, office buildings, schools,
hospitals and public buildings.
Wiiusc piUjCUI/S CAUefU
the permitted limits may apply
for metal, to be delivered after
October 1. under NPA's allocation
system, known as the Controlled
Materials Plan or “CMP.” But
they may not get it unless NPA
deems the projects essential.
To Ease Small Projects.
NPA officials said the net effect
of the new order—titled “M4-A”—
will be to ease considerably the
problems of small project builders.
Through NPA’s authority to scan
each application for metal, it will
cut sharply, however, into the con
struction of big apartment houses,
non-defense plants, hotel and sim
ilar structures.
The builders of projects using
less than the specified quantities
of metal may go ahead. After Oc
tober 1, they may certify their
purchase orders for metal as be
ing “self-authorizations” under the
allocation program. However, NPA
emphasized, these must stick
strictly to the restraints on metal
usage.
M«tal Must Be On Hand.
In the case of amusement struc
tures—like the presently banned
bowling alleys, grandstands and
cocktail Ibunges—a go-ahead also
is possible now, but only if the
V W MUl * »VU (lilU till
metal is already in the owner's
possession.
Officials said the order will not
delay unduly most essential proj
ects. It probably would take until
October 1. in any case, to get
delivery of materials on a job of
any size. Also, NPA expects to
act promptly on builders’ appli
cations.
Estimating that defense plants
and essential civilian projects will
need far more structural steel
than the anticipated supply after
October 1, NPA said less-needed
buildings may have to hold off
until January 1 or even next
April.
Conferees Reject
20-Day Postal Leave
House-Senate conferees have
rejected the rider which would give
postal workers 20 days annua]
leave instead of their present 15
In disapproving the Senate
adopted rider to the Treasury-Posl
Office 1952 money bill, the con
ferees said the matter would be
handled best by regular legisla
tion now before Congress.
The legislation referred to is
the Senate-approved graduated
leave bill which would give both
classified and postal workers 13
uu uays a year annual leave,
depending on seniority.
In its final form the big Treas
ury-Post Office supply bill carries
a total of $2.9 billion for both de
partments. The Treasury is given
$587.5 million and the Post Office
$2.3 billion, much of which is to
come from postal receipts.
Girl Wins Permit to Stay
In Italy to Wed Ex-Priest
By th« Associated Press
MILAN, Italy, Aug. 4. — Police
today renewed Claire Young’s per
mit to remain in Italy, the day
before its expiration.
The blond, 21-year-old Chicago
girl thereby won time to make ar
rangements to wed Luciano Ne
grini, former Catholic priest,
whom she followed a year ago.
Claire’s permit was renewed for
three months.
Long before its expiration, it
was expected, she will be married
to Negrini, thereby becoming an
Italian citizen.
6EN.EISENH0WER
win put. unv to
COUNTRY FIRST' I AGREE... A LOT
,( • OF P60PLE THINK HIS
/ DUTY LIES OVER
/ r -7sr~T-(. HERE/
Jap Premier Yields,
Calls Special Session
On Peace Delegates
Parliament to Meet
August 16-18 on Choice
Of Treaty Conferees
By th# Associated Press
TOKYO, Aug. 4.—Prime Min
ister Shigeru Yoshida today
yielded to opposition demands and
called a special session of Parlia
ment for August 16 to 18 to discuss
| selection of delegates to the San
Francisco Japan peace treaty con
ference next month.
Yoshida, head of Japan's domi
: nant Liberal Party, has main
tained that delegates should be
\ named by his cabinet.
The demand that the selections
be discussed in Parliament came
from the People’s Democratic
Party, headed by Gizo Tomabechi.
Tnmahpphl ttqc nomwl nn o lict
of delegates drawn up yesterday
! toy Yoshida’s cabinet. He took
no note of the cabinet action, but
told newspapermen that he would
!be guided by any decision of his
party.
Observers believe that the Peo
ple’s Democratic Party, second in
j size only to Yoshida's Liberal
Party, would consent to Toma
| bechi’s selection.
The cabinet’s list also included:
Yoshida, Foreign Minister as
well as Prime Minister.
Jiro Hoshijimi, 64. former Min
ister of Industry and Commerce
and now an executive of the Lib
eral Party.
Hayato Ikeda, Finance Min
ister.
Muneyoshi Tokugawa, chairman
J of the Green Wind Party.
Hisato Ichimada, governor of
! the Bank of Japan.
The Liberal Party holds nearly
two-thirds of the seats in the
lower house of Parliament and
does not need the co-operation of
the People's Democratic Party.
The upper house has no veto au
I wiurity over lower nouse decisions.
22 Nations Accept Bids
To Jap Treaty Conference
The State Department says 22
nations have either formally or
informally accepted invitations to
attend the Japanese peace con
ference opening at San Francisco
September 4.
A total of 51 nations, in addi
tion to Japan and including the
United States and Great Britain,
is eligible for the conference.
The Soviet Union has not re
sponded to its invitation.
Meanwhile, in the Netherlands,
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
said the Dutch Ambassador in
Washington has informed this
Government of serious objections
to the proposed treaty.
The Dutch object to the draft
treaty because it will not permit
Dutch citizens to claim any com
nensatinn from .Tonan 'T’hic
mainly affects 75,000 Hollanders
who were interned by the Jap
anese. The treaty does not re
quire Japan to pay reparations.
Allied Attacks in Korea
Meet Stubborn Resistance
By the Associated Press
UNITED STATES 8th ARMY
HEADQUARTERS, Korea, Aug. 4.
—Attacking United Nations troops
ran into stubborn Reh resistance
on Korea’s Western front today.
The 8th Army said the action
was west of Yonchon. The Reds
were supported by mortar and ar
tillery fire.
On the Central front* U. N.
forces repulsed an enemy attack
that began last night. The Reds
threw 500 rounds of artillery be
tween 11:15 p.m. and 4:30 a.m.
They withdrew at 6:55 a.m.
Across the rest of the peninsula
only patrol activity was reported.
Fifth Air Force planes flew^08
combat missions, seeking out Jbe
my supply and transport facilities.
Red Youth Desertions Begin
From Berlin 'Peace Festival'
50 German Communists Are Vanguard;
West Is Prepared for Sizable Influx
By the Associated Press
-BERLIN Aug. 4.—Troubles be
gan today for the Communist
“Third World Youth Festival for
Peace” in East Berlin when some
of its delegates deserted to the
West even before the show’s for
mal opening tomorrow.
Fifty blue-shirted young East
German Communists came over
to Allied West Berlin to ask about
asylum, Western youth organiza
tions reported.
They were the first of what
observers expect to be a substan
tial stream during the two-week
festival.
The youths came over despite
the road barricades and heavy
police patrols established at sec
tor ^bordersjoy Communist police
to keep them on their East,Ber
lin reservation.
A stream of Communist propa
ganda has been warning the festi
val delegates to avoid the “man
traps of imperialist West Berlin.”!
West Berlin’s youth organiza
tions—whose facilities were taxed
by young Communist refugees
from last year’s Whitsunside rally
in East Berlin—are better pre
pared this year.
The West has arranged several
camps to house deserters who are
accepted. It has also put the fa
cilities of 60 youth homes to such
tasks as interviewing and enter
taining applicants for asylum.
|But all must undergo thorough
! (See BERLIN, Page A-2.1
Chicago Police Use
Dog as Lie Detector
And Rat Eradicator
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO, Aug. 4.—Blackie, a
year-old cocker spaniel, rates ace
high in detective work by police
men at the Warren avenue station.
The cops claim that if Blackie
growls at a prisoner and bites his
shoes, it’s a sure sign he is a wrong
guy. And if Blackie ignores a pris
oner, the police assume he has
done no wrong. They assert the
dog’s method of detecting has
been confirmed time-and-time
again by the official lie detector at
police headquarters.
In addition to serving as a lie de
tector, Blackie has driven the mice
and rats out of the station since
he was picked up by a policeman
a year ago.
“He’s one of the greatest police
men I’ve ever seen.” said Capt.
Jerome Looney.
Five Reported Killed
By Colorado Flood
By the Associated Press
FORT COLLINS, Colo., Aug. 4.
—Flood waters smashed hard to
day at Northern Colorado in the
wake of torrential rains and five
persons were reported to have
perished.
A cloudburst last night flung a
6-foot wall of water down the Big
Thompson River, well known to
tourists visiting Rocky Mountain
National Park, and other streams
also ran high.
Householders and motorists had
to abandon homes and automo
biles in a scramble for high
ground. Some even took to trees
until the flash floods subsided.
Four members of a family
named Johnson—father, mother
and two daughters aged 15 and
14 — were reported to have
drowned when flood waters swept
over a resort called “Dad’s Place,”
which they operated. This is
midway between Loveland, a
plains city 40 miles north of Den
ver, and the mountain resort town
of Estes Park.
Coroner Harold A. Warren said:
the fifth victim was identified as
Aden E. Webb, 86. Waters from
Buckhorn Creek struck Mr.
Webb’s house at Bellevue, 8 miles
northwest of Fort Collins.
Late News
Bulletin
British Mission in Iran
TEHERAN, Iran (JP).—A Brit
ish cabinet mission arrived to
day for new talks on the Iran
ian oil nationalisation dispute.
The mission, headed by Richard
R. Stokes, Lord Privy Seal, was
met at the airport by W. Averell
Harriman, American trouble
shooter in the oil crisis, and
Javad BusherL Iranian minis
ter of roads The Britfth will
see Premier Mohamme^dossa
degh tomorrow.
Justice Department
Studies Butler Report
For Possible Action
Senators Believe State,
Federal Laws Violated
In Maryland Campaign
By W. H. Shippen
The Justice Department and
other law-enforcement agencies
today were reviewing a Senate sub
committee report which branded
the Butler campaign in Maryland
last November as a "despicable
‘back street’ type."
Several possible violations of
Federal and State laws were
pointed out by Senators who in
vestigated the charges of Millard
E. Tydings that he was the target
of a campaign of ‘‘moral squalor.”
The Senate itself probably will
be slow to net on recommenda
tions that a new code of ethics
be set up as a "guidepost” for
future elections.
Further Study Required.
Even Senators who called for
such action admitted that a fur
ther study is requirei before
definite proposals can be formu
lated for a revision of Senate
rules.
Meanwnue, senator Butler, Re
publican, who defeated Mr. Tyd
ings, his Democratic opponent, by
about 43.000 votes, was studying
the 39-page report of the Privi
leges and Elections subcommittee
with a view to making a reply.
The subcommittee, headed by
Senator Gillette, Democrat, of
Iowa unanimously condemned the
tactics employed in Senator But
ler’s campaign, but refused to
challenge the Senator’s seat. The
Senators also refused to act on
Mr. Tydings’ request that they
recommend criminal libel action
against parties responsible for
publishing “scurrilous lies” about
him, if they found his charges
justified.
Campaign Pamphlet Cited.
Matters called to the attention
of law-enforcement officials in
cluded the campaign pamphiet,
“Back to Good Old Dixie.” The
pamphlet, the Senators said, “was
neither published nor paid for by
the four Negro citizens listed as
its sponsors.
“Use of the names of the four
Negro leaders constituted nothing
more than a false front for the
publication of the pamphlet by
the Butler campaign headquar
ters,” the subcommittee said.
“In the judgment of the sub
committee, this is a violation of
the Federal and State laws requir
ing persons responsible for such
publications to list the organiza
tions and its officers.”
The subcommittee pointed out
that contributions were handled
in an illegal manner by Jon M.
Jonkel, former Chicago public re
lations counsel, who was Senatof
Butler’s campaign manager. Mr.
Jonkel admitted he had “Short
circuited” contribution checks to
pay off creditors in thejieat of
(See BUTLER, Page A-8.)
Reds Can't Yield
On Buffer Zone,
11. N. Team Told

Allied Statement Says
Truce Line Must Run
North of Battle Front
By the Associated Press
U. N. ADVANCE HEADQUAR
TERS, Korea, Aug. 4.—The Red
truce team told Allied negotiators
in Kaesong today it was standing
pat on its demand for fe cease
fire buffer zone along the 38th
Parallel.
Lt. Gen. Nam H, chief Red dele
gate. said the Reds could not
Allied Statement Blasts Russia as Instiga
tor of Korean War. Page A-3
depart in any particular from that
stand.
In Tokyo, a press release issued
by the Civil Information and Ed
ucation Division of Allied head-,
quarters said the Allies want the
demilitarized zone located between
the Yalu River on the Manchurian
border and the present battle lines.
T4- ...» n 4 1 c i. _ m ; ,
—w "WW mv 1MOI Uiiitiai ail*
nouncement that the U. N. wanted
the cease-fire line north of present
battle lines.
The press release came as a
surprise, and there was no imme
diate comment by officials either
here or in Tokyo. Nor was there
any explanation of why such a
release was issued by the Civil
Information and Education Divi
sion. It usually concerns itself
with picturing the American way
of life to the Japanese.
Second Statement Issued.
Earlier today, the same section
issued another release blaming
Russian intrigue for the Korean
war, and declaring that tile Krem
lin wanted China weakened be
cause the Soviets fear such a
strong neighbor on her borders.
An hour after that statement
was released, the section asked
that it be withheld because of
typographical errors. It was al
ready in print and had been
broadcast. The withheld request
was dropped.
Later Lt. Col. Donald R. Nugent,
Marine officer who heads the sec
tion, told newsmen the request
was made because the statement
was intended for background ma
terial for editors, not for publi
cation.
The second statement, dealing
nntH TT XT n
zone, was issued under the title
“Background Material on the
Establishment of a Demilitarized
Zone.” Presumably it had full
official approval before its release.
Ridgway on Surprise Trip.
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, su
prime Allied commander, tonight
made a hurried trip from his
home to his headquarters in the
Dai Ichi building. He still was
there three hours later. Whether
his trip had anything to do with
the statement was not immediate
ly known.
Apparently the U. N. truce team
at this headquarters was not in
formed that the statement was
being released.
At about the time the state
ment was issued here Brig. Gen.
William P. Nuckols was telling
correspondents at a briefing at
U. N. advanced headquarters in
Korea that any attempt to draw
a cease-fire line north of the pres
ent battlefront would be “seriously
in error, and the wildest sort of
speculation.”
He added: "I am not in a posi
tion to define specifically any
United Nations command posi
tions. I will point out to you
(newsmen) that it has been said
several times that the United Na
tions was seeking a militarily re
alistic line.” *
No Progress Reported.
Today’s talks in Kaesong ^nded
with an official report of “no
progress.” Gen. Nuckols said the
truce teams were as far apart on
the buffer zone problem as they
were when they first began dis
cussing it. That was July 27.
The 20th session is scheduled
tomorrow at 11 a.m. (9 p.m. Satur
r? -rr t’T \
The Tokyo statement said “the
military demarcation line upon
which we must reach agreement
. . . lies somewhere between the
air and sea front on the Yalu
and the ground front in the area
of Kaesong, Pyonggang and the
Yangin River.
“The fact that the war began
on the 38th Parallel provides no
(See TRUCE Page A-3.)
Employment in U. S. Rises
To 62.5 Million Peak
By the Associated Press
Employment climbed to a new
peak July 14 with 62,526,000 per
sons in civilian jobs. The previous
high—62,367,000—was reached in
August 1950.
In reporting this yesterday, the
Census Bureau also said unem
ployment declined from 1,980,000
in June to 1,856,000, the lowest for
July since the end of World
War II -
Commenting on the figures. Sec
retary of Commerce Sawyer said:
“Although most of the changes
reported by the Census Bureau
reflect the activities of summer
workers, it is still significant that
unemployment has hit a postwar
low for this time of the year. This
tact again confirms my belief that
dislocations due to the defense
program, although they may be
seating temporary pools of unem
ployment in certain areas, are
uaving very little, if any./fnpact
on the over-all employment pic
ture.”

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