The Congressional Medal of Honor continued
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Four Infontry heroes of the Korean War enjoy a complicated handshake with President Tru
man after receiving their medals during a White House ceremony. They are (left to right):
Capt. Raymond Harvey, Pasadena, Calif.; Capt. Lewis L. Millett, Haverhill, Moss.; M/Sergt.
Stanley T. Adams, Olathe, Kans., and Sergt. Einar H. Ingman, Tomahawk, Wis.
The Army records show that, despite
some 900 of its early medals which were
stricken from the records by an investi
gation board, a total of 1.200 were won
in the Civil War. The Navy awarded
327 medals. 17 of them to Marines,
during that period.
The Army has awarded 27 medals to
Korean war veterans; the Navy and
Marines only one each. Prior to the
start of the hostilities in Korea, the
Army had awarded 2,116 medals, the
Navy 918 (194 of them to Marines and
1 to a Coast Guardsman).
In the Spanish-American War, the
Army awarded 30 medals, the Navy 81,
and in the Philippine Insurrection, sol
diers won 70, while seamen and Ma
rines won 17.
The Navy awarded 56 medals during
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T/Sergt. Charles E. Kelly, standing at attention for Gen. Mark Clark,
used 60mm. mortar shells as hand grenades in repulsing a German at
tack in Italy. This was the first presentation of the medal there.
the China relief campaign, 55 during
the Mexican campaign. It also has
awarded small numbers of medals dur
ing a number of other campaigns.
But during World Wars I and n the
standards were the highest—a deed of
personal bravery, or self-sacrifice, above
and beyond the call of duty in actual
combat with the enemy.
A total of 95 soldiers won the decora
tion in World War I and 292 in World
The Navy awarded 28 medals in the
First World War. 7 of them to Marines,
and in the last war awarded 138. Os
the latter, 80 were won by Marines.
The Air Force was a part of the Army
during World War n. It has not yet
awarded a Medal of Honor during the
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Mai. Richard Bong, who shot down 40 Japanese aircraft
while flying with the Army Air Corps in the Pacific, was
killed in 1945, while test-flying a jet plane in California.
Copt. Cassin Young talks with Admiral Chester Nimitz after receiving
his medal in a shipyord ceremony. Capt. Young, who saved his ship from
destruction during the Pearl Harbor attack, was later killed in action.
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First Filipino to receive the award, Sergt. Jose Calugas was cited for gal
lantry on Bataan while serving as mess sergeant of a field artillery battery.
ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, DEFENSE DEPARTMENT AND AP PHOTOS.
►—the SUNDAY STAR PICTORIAL MAGAZINE
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