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THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C.
SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER ». ISAI A-18 * Danger of All-Out Ear East War Raised by Red Boycott of Treaty By Robert Eunson Associated Press Staff Writer SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. B. Russia’s refusal to sign the treaty of peace with Japan leaves the Far East in political turmeil and in danger of all-out war. A state of war continues be tween Russia and Japan. Peiping radio already has an nounced that Communist China will consider herself at war with Japan if Japan signs a treaty with the Western world. What will the Reds do next? Unless Japan signs separate: treaties with the Communist na tions of the world—especially Russia—the Far East may erupt Into a full-scale war. There is the possibility of Rus sia presenting Japan with a treaty of Soviet design, demanding fab ulous reparations and island pos sessions, and stripping the nation of defense. Japan Can’t Defend Self. This would be diametrically op posed to United States’ plans to keep troops in Japan until that country can defend herself, a pro vision of a security pact that is expected to be signed soon. Japan alone cannot defend! herself. Removal of American troops from the four main Japanese islands would leave Japan wide open to invasion, a position South Korea was in when the United States occupation ended there. As long as the United States has about 450,000 men out there in her 7th Fleet, sth Air Force! and Bth Army, it is doubtful if' Russia will move south. But that’s the gimmick. The Soviets want the American forces to leave. If Russia fails to sign the treaty, I the two giant powers of the j world would be at dagger point in Japan. Russia would have no more dip-, lomatic relations with Japan after the American-drafted treaty is ratified, unless she dreams up a treaty of her own and gets Japan to agree. The Japanese had hoped Rus sia might sign the treaty just to retain those relations. Without an embassy she would have no rep resentation in Japan. Russia’s Andrei Gromyko told the peace conference the treaty would not be acceptable to Russia without 13 amendments he pro posed. The conference refused to con- I sider them. 13 Soviet Amendments. The amendments he proposed stipulated that: 1— Japan would recognize Red China’s sovereignty over Man churia, Formosa (Taiwan!, the Pescadores, Paracel and Pratas Islands and others. 2 Japan would retain the Ryukyu, Bonin, Marcus and other Islands which the present treaty turns over to United States ad ministration. 3 All foreign troops withdraw. /->< t i iiTi/r* a i* o. r 1 Better in performance quality! Shop Lansburgh s Major Appliance Store for 1 ° . \ New and stunning cabinet designs! one of the most exciting buys in TV history! i .Truer, clearer Balanced Beam pictures! B Brand-new 1952 IIS. w.noin UAiUhI I Balanced Bearn*picture that's truer, /fj j l® I I 1 t)C clearer. 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Bth AND E STREETS N W —NA. 9800 * WM S|X*9 - : \ „ v.. ,**&!■• ■ ■•••■• * ■ 4 Reparations for war damage J would be determined at a confer- 1 ence between Japan and the coun tries concerned. 5 Communist China would bt included as a treaty signer. 6 The Soviet version of the bill for human rights would be in cluded. 7 Japan would pledge not to! make any military alliances! against any power which partici- j pated in the war against Japan. > 8— Japan would limit her army, to 150,000 men, her navy to 25,000! and her airforce to 200 combat planes. • 9 Japan would not allow the! formation of any Fascist organi zations. 10— Military units other than permitted in the treaty would not be allowed. 11— Japan would not be allowed to experiment with atomic weap ons, or guided missiles. 12— Japan could develop Indus-! tries and trade. 13— Japan must demilitarize the, straits on both sides of her coast' line. 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