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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 09, 1951, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1951-09-09/ed-1/seq-18/

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THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C.
SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER ». ISAI
A-18 *
Danger of All-Out Ear East War
Raised by Red Boycott of Treaty
By Robert Eunson
Associated Press Staff Writer
SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. B.
Russia’s refusal to sign the treaty
of peace with Japan leaves the
Far East in political turmeil and
in danger of all-out war.
A state of war continues be
tween Russia and Japan.
Peiping radio already has an
nounced that Communist China
will consider herself at war with
Japan if Japan signs a treaty
with the Western world.
What will the Reds do next?
Unless Japan signs separate:
treaties with the Communist na
tions of the world—especially
Russia—the Far East may erupt
Into a full-scale war.
There is the possibility of Rus
sia presenting Japan with a treaty
of Soviet design, demanding fab
ulous reparations and island pos
sessions, and stripping the nation
of defense.
Japan Can’t Defend Self.
This would be diametrically op
posed to United States’ plans to
keep troops in Japan until that
country can defend herself, a pro
vision of a security pact that is
expected to be signed soon.
Japan alone cannot defend!
herself.
Removal of American troops
from the four main Japanese
islands would leave Japan wide
open to invasion, a position South
Korea was in when the United
States occupation ended there.
As long as the United States
has about 450,000 men out there
in her 7th Fleet, sth Air Force!
and Bth Army, it is doubtful if'
Russia will move south.
But that’s the gimmick. The
Soviets want the American forces
to leave.
If Russia fails to sign the treaty, I
the two giant powers of the j
world would be at dagger point in
Japan.
Russia would have no more dip-,
lomatic relations with Japan after
the American-drafted treaty is
ratified, unless she dreams up a
treaty of her own and gets Japan
to agree.
The Japanese had hoped Rus
sia might sign the treaty just to
retain those relations. Without an
embassy she would have no rep
resentation in Japan.
Russia’s Andrei Gromyko told
the peace conference the treaty
would not be acceptable to Russia
without 13 amendments he pro
posed.
The conference refused to con- I
sider them.
13 Soviet Amendments.
The amendments he proposed
stipulated that:
1— Japan would recognize Red
China’s sovereignty over Man
churia, Formosa (Taiwan!, the
Pescadores, Paracel and Pratas
Islands and others.
2 Japan would retain the
Ryukyu, Bonin, Marcus and other
Islands which the present treaty
turns over to United States ad
ministration.
3 All foreign troops withdraw.
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4 Reparations for war damage J
would be determined at a confer- 1
ence between Japan and the coun
tries concerned.
5 Communist China would bt
included as a treaty signer.
6 The Soviet version of the bill
for human rights would be in
cluded.
7 Japan would pledge not to!
make any military alliances!
against any power which partici- j
pated in the war against Japan. >
8— Japan would limit her army,
to 150,000 men, her navy to 25,000!
and her airforce to 200 combat
planes. •
9 Japan would not allow the!
formation of any Fascist organi
zations.
10— Military units other than
permitted in the treaty would not
be allowed.
11— Japan would not be allowed
to experiment with atomic weap
ons, or guided missiles.
12— Japan could develop Indus-!
tries and trade.
13— Japan must demilitarize the,
straits on both sides of her coast'
line.
If Russia demands that Japan
sign such a treaty with the Com
munist world, the ever-widening
gap between the East and West 1
will finally have been stretched to
what may be the breaking point.
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