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Comment on National And World Affairs By Joseph A. Fox Star Staff Correspondent KEY WEST, Nov. 26.—The "Little White House” today kept quiet on a chain of important world developments, as President Truman went ahead witn his ex tended work-and-play vacation. With the cold front that dogged him for several days moving on ward. the President was getting in his “sun ana sand” treatment for a couple of hours and in the meantime disposing of the routine paper work that the cornier plane drops on his desk daily. The President howeier, so far as his spokesmen are concerned, was withholding comment on any national or international affairs, presumably waiting until Thurs day. when he is xepected to hold a late afternoon news conference. No Comment on Atrocities. Meeting newsmen yesterday evening. Press Secretary Joseph Short declined any expression from the White House on: The demand of Representative] Edith Nourse Rogers, Republican,] of Massachusetts nr a piesi-| dential statement on the “botched: handling” of the Korean atrocity charges which has >een the num ber of possible American victims go from 5,500 to 8,000 in official estimates. United States charges to the United Nations that a missing; Navy Neptune bomoer was at tacked without warning over the; Sea of Japan on November 6 by Soviet fighter planes. The continued delay in turning over Justice Department tax , fraud files to a House subcom mittee probing derelictions in the Internal Revenue Bureau. The continued flouting by the Soviet of the Western powers’’ peace proposal,, which wa> pin pointed by President Truman s address. Files Question Unanswered. With a House ways and means subcommittee starting open hear ings on the tax fraud today, it had seemed possible that there might be something definite on the re lease of the files sought by Repre sentative King. Democrat, of Cali fornia, subcommittee chairman. Mr. Short said, however, that the question was no nearer answer than ever. He said also that the President had done nothing yet about the proposal of the Council of Per sonnel Administration that work ing days be rearranged to give Government employes four days off at Christmas and three at New Years. Mr. Truman went to the Protestant non - denominational services on the naval base yester day, accompanied by Mrs. Truman and Miss Margaret Truman and heard the pastor. Lt. Comdf. Harold F. Menges, a Texas Baptist, blast irresponsible criticism. Just as did others of the younger members of the congregation, daughter Margaret attended the services sans hat. She is stopping here for a couple of days in the course of a concert tour in Florida. Sermon Pleases President. “To make criticism Christian, one must be scrupulously honest and just.” the young chaplain as serted. "Be sure to avoid hearsay unless it is well authenticated.” "You can’t be Christian and criticize in an ugly spirit.” As President Truman, who is no stranger to criticism, left the, chapel, he walked over and grasped the hands of the chaplain firmly. The sermon “was a dinger” he said. In Missouri ruralese, he was saying that he liked it. Price Rise Approved For Some U. S. Bakers By th« Associated Press The Office of Price .Stabiliza tion issued an emergency regula tion yesterday which it said is expected to cause “some price increases for a small pxoportion; of the Nation’s 29,000 bakeries.” The regulation permits alterna-! tive systems of computing ceiling prices for those bakprs who nad not passed on cost increases be tween 1949 and the time of the, general price freeze last January, ! OPS said ceiling price increases,! in general, “will se limited to, local markets and to individual bakers with depressed prices.” NFW CHURCH FOUNDATION BLESSED—Foundation stone of the new St. Sophia Greek Ortho dox Church at Thirty-sixth street and Massach asetts avenue N.W., was blesfced by Archbishop Michae' I of North and South America at a service yesterday at the site. District Commissioner T. Joseph Donohue (left in rear) and the Rt. ReV. Angus Dun, Episcopal Bishop of Washington (behind the Xtidibishop), were among those at the exercise. St. Sophia Church, organized in 1904, is now at Eighth and L streets N.W. —Star Staff Photo. ! * V -- -t •, s Byrd Terms Truman Weak as Nominee, Doubts He Can Win By the Associated Pros* Senator Byrd. Democrat, of Vir ginia, said he regards President Truman as "weaker today than any” other possible Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1952 and he does not think the President can be re-elected. Senator Byrd, perhaps Mr. Tru man's bitterest critic within his own party, said it is his personal belief “that he is going to run if he thinks he can win,” and he added: 'T’ve been doing all I can to help him make up his mind. 1 do not think he can be elected if nominated.” Mr. Truman has said he has decided whether he will run again blit is not ready to announce his decision. Meanwhile. Senator Aiken, Re publican, Vermont, proposed that the Republicans nominate for the vice presidency the Senate's only current woman member,. Senator Margaret Chase Smith of Maine. Mrs. Smith said she is not a can didate. £ Different From 48. Senator Byrd, in an interview with the magazine, U. S. News and World Report, left little doubt that if Mr. Truman wins the Demo cratic nomination again, he will continue to oppose him. In 1948, the Senator opposed him pp to and during the party convention, but remained silent thereafter. | "Conditions were different in '481 from what they are now,” Senator Byrd said. "Today I am convinced that Mr. Truman would bring this country to disaster if his program ,is adopted. "I feel further that his re-elec tion in 1952 . . . could rightfully be claimed by him to be a man date from the people to put through this program in its en jtirety.” Senator Byrd said, as he did in a recent speech in Alabama, that Southerners should fight against Mr. Truman’s nomination through the convention and “hold our selves free to do whatever may be necessary” thereafter if Mr. Truman is re-nominated. South’s Opposition Bigger. He said h<>•‘coujdn't say"; whether Southerners who feel-as lie does would support the GOP' ticket if the President rung again. Th£ Senator continued: “I think the opposition: to "Mr,. Truman and his poftetes- ts very much greater -in the South* than iCg. ever been before. "“Pour Southern States, as you recall, voted the State's rights ticket last time and thereby broke the belief on the part of many that in the South £ou have to; vote the Democratic ticket in or-i der to stay in politics. Those in the four States who led the fight to leave the Democratic Party in 1948 are stronger than those who opposed leaving the Democratic Party.” Queried on Vinson. Asked about feeling in the South toward Chief Justice Vin son. mentioned by some as a pos sible candidate behind whom it might be possible to unify the party, Senator Byrd said any such move would depend in part upon the platform. He added: “Nobody knows that Mr. Vinson would accept if nominated.” Senator Aiken’s boost for Mrs. Smith as a possible vice presi dential nominee was made in an interview. “I know she would greatly j strengthen our 1952 ticket with any one," Senator Aiken told a re porter. “And if anything should happen to the President, the coun try would still be in strong, ca-| pable hands.” Senator Taft. Republican, of Ohio, predicted again yesterday that "under present conditions, I can expect to be nominated by a majority of delegates.” He made the comment after viewing a CBS television show which depicted his recent campaign tour of six cities. No Preference On Ticket. He said he has no preference for a running mate. Elsewhere on the program, Sen ator Lodge, Republican, of Mas sachusetts, who has been named national chairman of the drive to win the GOP nomination for Gen. Eisenhower, said one reason he is backing the general “is because it is our one chante to get a dur able peace.” Senator Aiken, who has often criticized what he calls the old guard and reactionary element of his party, said he probably would support Senator Taft, Gov. War ren, Gen. Eisenhower or Mr. Stas sen if nominated. “If the Republicans want a can didate with an expert knowledge of government then Taft has it,” he added. “If they want an all around good fellow who has the faculty of getting along with people, then Eisenhower is their man.” The Weather Here and Over the Nation uiauiui ui v_/Ui uiiiuict — ounu), windy, and milder today. High' near 50 degrees. Fair tonight; low; near 34 degrees. Tomorrow, fair| end little colder; high 48 degrees. Maryland — Partly cloudy, few snow flurries in mountains and the extreme west portion tonight. Low 25-30 degrees in the west and; 30-35 degrees in east. Tomorrow,1 cloudy and colder. Virginia — Cloudy tonight, low 30-35 degrees in west and north portions; and 35-40 degrees in southeast portion. Tomorrow, fair and colder. Rain mixed w ith snow is fui*. ior tonight for the North west quarter of the Nation from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and will include the Columbia Plateau and the Northern Rock ies. Northern Ca ifornia and Western Nevada will have rain. The rest of the Natior will have clear skies with the exception of New England, where it will be mostly cloudy with a few snow flurries in Upper New York. It will turn colder in the Eastern third of the Nation with little change elsewhere. * ^—AP Wirephoto Map. Wind: Southwest, 6 miles per hour, at 11:40 a.m. River Report. (From U S. Engineers.) Potomsc River clear at Harpers Ferry and at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear at Harpers Ferry. Humidity. (Readings at Washington Airport.) Yesterday— Pet. Today— Pet. I Noon _ 49 s a m._9 \ 4 p.m._48 10 a m._9! 8 o.m. - 77 1 p.m._77 Midnight 92 Record Temperatures This Year. Highest 90. on June 2. Lowest. 11. on February 8. High and Low of Last 24 Hours. High. 40. at 9:50 a m. Low. 33. at 1 1:40 p m. Tide Tables. ! (Furnished by U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today. Tomorrow High- 5:08 am. 5:59 a.m. Low - 11:58 a.m. 12:41 a.m. High_ 5:41 p.m. 6:31 p.m. Low - 12:42 p.m. The Sun and Moon. Rises. Set's. Sun. today 7:03 4:48 Sun. tomorrow _ 7:04 4:47 Moon, today 4:15 a.m. 2:5op.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation. , Monthly- precipitation in inches in the 'Capital (current month to date): Month. 1951. Ave. Record. i January _ 2.18 3 55 7.83 *37 'February _ 2 65 3 37 6.84 *84 i March _ 2 92 3.75 8 84 *91 4oril _ 3 49 3 27 9 13 ‘89 May _ 2 74 3 70 !0 69 *89 Tune _ 6 34 4 13 10 94 00 July _ 5.25 4 71 10 63 *8n August _ 1 75 4.01 14 41 ’°8 Renumber _ 2 67 3 24 17 45 *34 ♦Vtcbe- _ 1 fi7 2 84 8 «1 VT November _ 4.79 2.37 8.09 ’89 Heremher 3 3° "56 ‘Oi Temperatures in Various Cities. H. L. , H Albuquerque 4.1 25 New York 4 4 10 Anchorage 10 18 Norfolk 47 10 Atlanta _ 70 40 Oklahoma C. 58 42 Bismarck 31 10 Omaha 35 21 Boston _ 40 14 Philadelphia 38 11 Chicago _ 31 30 Phoenix 61 36 Cincinnati . 47 36 Pittsburgh 46 35 Detroit_ 34 31 Portland Me. 41 30 El Paso 51 30 Portland, Or. 47 42 Kansas City 42 33 Richmond . 43 31 Los Angeles 68 47 Salt Lake C.. 40 22 Louisville 56 40 San Antonio 78 50 Memphis . . 61 45 San Diego 65 47 Miami _ *0 67 San pranetaeo 58 62 Milwaukee 34 20 Seattle _ 52 42 New Or80 61 Tampa_ 83 61 2 Czechs Who Drove 'Train to Freedom' Pay Visit to Capital Two Czech railroad men who pierced the Iron Curtain with an escape train last September paid a brief visit to the Capital yester day before beginning a tour of several American cities. The trainmen. Jaroslav Konva linka. 40. the engineer, and Karel Truksa. 31, a former Czech rail road yard official, engineered the daring escape in a suspense-filled run which carried 107 passengers out of Communist Czechoslovakia last September 11. Trainmen Tour City. Arriving here by plane yester day. the heroes were taken on a tour of the city and then told their story on .Drew Pearson's pro gram on The Star's radio station, WMAL, last night. Just after wards they left for New York by1 Konvalinka. Trukfta. plane. The two men and their, families, here for asylum and em ployment, said the daring escape trip was planned only Three days before it was carried out. For several months, however, they had been hunting for some means of escape. Their most suspenseful moment, the trainmen said, came as they approached the Czech border, not knowing whether their path might be blocked by rail cars or other barriers. But the way was clear and they roared through with the throttle wide open. Absence of Barriers. Mr. Truksa said he was most impressed on his arrival here to see the absence of barriers or troops at the Canadian border. Mr. Konvalinka said the most im pressive thing he has seen is .the freedom of American speech and the freedom to criticize govern ment officials, including the Presi dent. The escapees w'ere brought here by the Mppel Corp.. manufac turers of toy trains, and will settle in Irvington. N. J., and work for the LfbOfil tt'ftl there as techni cians. Their immediate plans, however, call for a tour of several cities, to tell their.story to inter ested groups. . ‘ 1 „ * D. C. Man Is Indicted On Murder Charge A man was indicted today on a second-degree murder charge in the fatjtl injury of another man who was struck and kicked on September 4. The victim died on November 1 In Gallinger Hospital. The dead man had been treated at the hospital twice and released each time but had returned for further treatment nearly two weeks before his death, according to police. The defendant is Lawrence Graham 59, colored, of the 1400 block of Fifth street N.W. The indictment accuses him of caus ing the death of Thomas Master son, 63, colored, of the 2700 block of Dumbarton avenue N.W. Police said the beating of Masterson took place during an argument over money. Police said Masterson, after the beating, had walked from the 2400 block of Snows court N.W. to George Washington University Hospital. He was transferred from there to Gallinger Hospital. He was released from Gallinger on September'. 14, but returned on September 18, police said. Again. Masterson was released from Gallinger on October 1, but returned on October 17 and re mained there until his death, po lice said. -_* Hirohito Ends Tour TOKYO, Nov. 2iS (JP).—Emperor Hirohito returned yesterday from a two-week visit to South Central Honshu Island, his 17th provincial tour since the end of World War n-K Slain Hero's Parents Reject Scroll Signed By President Truman By the Associate! Press GLENWOOD SPRINGS, Colo., Nov. 26.—“May Gocj forgive you —we cannot." Those were the words of retired Army Capt. Eugene R. Guild and his wife in a letter to President Truman. The letter was attached to a scroll which Capt. Guild said, has been returned to the White House. The scroll had. accompanied the posthumous award of the Navy Cross to the Guilds’ son, Marine Lt. John N. Guild. Capt. Guild has written numer ous letters criticizing the admin istrations Korean policy. The latest, dated November 23, and released to the press yesterday, said in part: . “Those noble words on the scroll may be used only by those who earn the right ... by one Marine speaking of another; by a Lincoln grieving for one of his soldiers. Your use of these words will heighten, not lessen, the anger of those who saw their sons die for a policy of fear and ap peasement.” The letter concluded: “You honor neither the words nor our sons by using them. We return the scroll to you. May God for give you—we cannot.” The scroll, signed by President Truman, said: “In grateful mem ory of John Ninian Guild, who died in the service of his country on 21 September 1950 in Korea. “He stands in the unbroken line, of patriots who have dared to die that freedom might live, and grow, and increase its blessings. Free dom lives, and through it, he lives, in a way that humbles the under takings of most men.” There was no comment from the President’s vacation headquarters at Key West, Fla. Batch of Doughnuts Flavored by Bullets Holds Wife at Jail By th« Associated Press VALDOSTA. Ga„ Nov. 26 — Loaded doughnuts have landed Mrs. Raymond Shaw in the same jail with her husband. Mrs. Shaw was arrested when she entered the Lowndes County jail to visit her husband carrying a bag of doughnuts loaded with pistol bullets, Sheriff J. L. Futch, said. Earlier, said Sheriff Futch, he and Jailer Joe Brantley had taken a pistol from Guy Cooper, cell mate of Shaw. The sheriff said the bullets fitted the pistol taken from Cooper. Cooper charged with armed robbery, said his wife had smug gled the pistol to him Friday, the sheriff added. Shaw •is held on a check forgery charge. The Federal Spotlight 800,000 Blue Collar Workers Ask Liberalized Pay System By Joseph Young Employe groups in the skilled trades are asking Defense De partment wage boards to liberalize the system of fixing wages for the Government’s more than 800,000 per diem (blue collar; workers. The employe organizations’ proposals for setting wages would provide considerable increases in the salaries drawn by per diem workers in Government, including about 45,000 in the Washington area. ' The salaries of per diem em ployes are set by wage boards based on salaries in comparable Jobs in private industry in the particular lo cale where the Federal employe works. The wage boards use a standard list o f industrial firms in each locale on which to base their oomparsions. However, em ploye groups object to the fact that Wages Joseph roi.ni of private industry workers in con struction work as well as in “job shops’’ are not used by the wage boards in comparing salaries. Since the wages of these groups of workers are considerably higher than of other skilled employes, the Federal employe groups want these projects to be included in the wage surveys which determine their pay. The wage boards until now have refused to do this, contending that private construction work is only a seasonal occupation and there fore the higher wages paid such employes could not be given to Federal skilled workers who work all-year-round. This is disputed by Federal union groups who contend, that construction work is no longer seasonal and has not been since 1940, and therefore they claim that it is valid to include these salaries in wage survey com parisons. Similarly, they ask that Federal wage surveys also include the salaries given employes in “job shops" — small establishments where selective work is done on a specialized basis. Such a change In wage survey procedure would result in con siderable pay boosts for Govern ment per diem employes. For ex ample, the 3 to 11 cents an hour raise to be given Federal per diem workers in the Washing ton area next month would be considerably higher if construc tion and job shop wages in pri vate industry were included in the w’age comparison survey. The most recent employe group in this area to argue for a change in the pres ent system is Local No. 27, AFL International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. * * * * AWARDS—A recent item here noted that the Post Office De partment, with more than 500,000 employes, only gave out four cash or promotion awards to employes for outsanding .service. Post Office officials call our at tention to the fact that Congress has specifically excluded post of fice employes in the field—more than 95 per cent of the depart ment's personnel—from receiving this type of award. As for the meritorious sugges tion program, is which all postal workers as well as all other Gov ernment workers may participate by offering efficiency and economy suggestions, the Post Office De partment handed out 66 awards during the past year. ^ * * * * OPPORTUNITY — The Civil Service Commission will select 20 Government employes in Grades GS-9 through 12 to participate in an executive career development program that will be held from next January to June. All departments and agencies have been asked by the commis sion to submit nominations of their candidates by December 20. Final selection by the commission will be made on the basis of employes’ work records, career objectives, agency recommenda tions, written exams and per sonal interviews. * * * * STILL DROPPING — For the third straight month, Federal em ployment in the Washington area has decreased. Last month the number of Government workers Quakes Jolt Formosa Second Day; 15 Are Dead By th* Associated Press TAIPEH, Formosa, Nov. 26.— Earthquakes j jolted Formosa for the second straight day today. At least, 15 persons were killed and more than 200 injured by shocks that jarred the eastern and south western coasts yesterday. A sharp shock was felt in Taipeh this afternoon but caused no damage or casualties. Yester day’s. quakes damaged the east coast railroad at seven places in the 75 - mile stretch between Hualien and Taitung. Hualien, hard hit by quakes that killed about 100 persons Oc tober 22 and 23, suffered no casualties yesterday. The railtowns of Yuli and Fuli, 50 and 60 miles south, bore the brunt of the Sunday tremors. Nine persons were killed in the two towns, 118 houses' collapsed and more than 400 other houses were damaged. Two persons were killed at Kaohsiung, nationalist naval base on the southwest coast. here by 900, for a new’ total of 249.000. Government-w'ide, however. Fed eral employment increased slightly by 3,900, for a new total of 2,507,600. * * * * JOBS—The Civil Service Com mission will announce an exam for high-grade accountants 'com prehensive audits) some time next month. The jobs will pay from $8,360 to $10,800 a year. . . . The Marine Corps Schools at Quan tico, Va., needs cooks, storekeep ers, mess and hospital attendahts. . . . The commission next month W’ill announce an exam for photo fluorographic operators, at salaries of $2,750 annually. . . . The Main City Post Office here is now’ ac cepting applications for tempo rary Christmas employment. Ap ply at the personnel office. SAVINI GS Insured to $10,000 59 Years of Sound Management Liberal Dividends Semi-Anually ENTERPRISE FEDERAL Savings and Loan Association 7th Street and Indiana Avenue N.W. • District 5885 GEORGE I. BORGER, President Chartered and supervisied by the United States Government Member: Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corp. The Union Trust Company, effective December 1st, will increase the interest rate paid on savings accounts to * i We believe the encouragement of thrift is one of our important functions and are pleased that the present improved rates on our investments permit us to offer savers this added incentive. "Your Money grows faster at the Union Trust” Union Trust Company of the District of Columbia 15th & H Streets, N. W. '* . 14th & G Streets, N. W. Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ■ S ■ - •**.- i. - . J- - «B. *Tbe Symbol oj Friendly Banking?