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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 26, 1951, Image 20

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CLASSIFIED—READERS'CLEARING HOUSE ^ MtYttrY Qsf'SY'P WASHINGTON NEWS—COMICS-RADIO D
SOCIETY—AMUSEMENTS . ^ O (^►'XJvIXITIjJ MONDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1951 ^
Reorganization
Plan tor D. C.
Due Next Month
Budget Bureau to Get
Proposal, Young Says;
Favors Streamlining
A plan for reorganizing the Dis
trict government will be sub
mitted to the Budget Bureau on or
before December 15, Commissioner
John Russell Young said today.
The commission chairman said
* plan drawn by Engineer Com
missioner Bernard L. Robinson
had not been discussed with him
and that he had no knowledge of
it until its appearance in news
papers Sunday.
However, he added, the Com
missioners are under instruction
from the Budget Bureau to sub
mit the best plan by December 15
under the Reorganization Act of
1949. The best features of all
proposals which have been made
will be incorporated into the final
plan, Mr. Young said.
Fowler Plan Discussed.
He said he has felt for a long
time that the District government
should undergo a streamlining.
Mr. Young said the Commis
sioners had discussed the reor
ganization plan of Walter L.
Fowler, of the District budget
office, but that it had not been
discussed in detail.
Mr. Fowlers reorganization plan
Is based on a commission-man
ager type of government. Mr.
Young said that he doubts that
a manager form of government j
would be feasible here, because
the District could pay only $11,
000. and a good city manager
could demand $25,000 a year or
more.
Latest Proposal Offered.
Gen. Robinson’s plan would set
up a “true” commission form of
government, with the individual
Commissioners acting as admin
istrative heads of departments. I
Gen. Robinson's proposal was
the latest offered on reorganizing
the District government here. The
Fowler program had been placed
before the Commissioners pre
viously.
In addition, Commissioner F.
Joseph Donohue is expected to
make recommendations for the
reorganization. Mr. Young has
indicated that he has no general
reorganization plan to submit. Mr.
Fowler pointed out that in the
last 50 years about 20 reorganiza
tion proposals have been made,
but that previous plans had been
considered too costly.
Would Like More Authority.
Mr. Young said he would like
to see Congress give the Commis
sioners more authority in running
the District government.
Mr. Fowler said today that the
District had been unaware that
it was eligible to submit a reor
ganization plan under the 1949
law until it was so informed re
cently by the Budget Bureau.
“The District is getting an un
usual opportunity to reorganize
its government,” he added.
The reorganization plan would
be submitted first to the Budget
Bureau for its approval or recom
mendations. and would go from
there to the White House and
finally to Congress for approval'
or rejection. If Congress took no
action within 60 days, the rorgan
ization would go into effect auto
matically.
"The present form of govern
ment here is adequate,” Mr.
Young said, “but it can be stream
lined to great advantage.”
Holiday Vacationers
Jam Trains and Planes
%
Thousands of Thanksgiving va
cationers, many of them Govern
ment workers taking a four-day
holiday, were back on the job to
day after the usual crowding of
transportation facilities into the
city.
Union Station officials esti
mated peak crowds on incoming
trains last night, reached between
4 p.m. and 8 p.m., exceeded in
size the Labor Day week-end
crowd. Virtually all trains were
running extra sections.
Bus and air terminal officials
also reported heavy traffic both in
and out of the city.
The American Automobile As
sociation, however, reported "a
very quiet week end” for auto
traffic. While the association’s
touring bureau had unusually
heavy schedules early last week,
an official said, they fell off dur
ing the week end.
Today also marked the end of a
four-day holiday for the Wash
ington area’s schoolchildren.
The Weather Bureau reported
a few hours of freezing rain last
night in parts of Virginia, Mary
land and Pennsylvania. But a
fast-moving storm bringing the
cold rain already has passed this1
area, the bureau said.
Today’s forecast calls for partly
cloudy skies, with a high of about
50 degrees this afternoon. To
night and tomorrow will be clear,
with a low of 36 degrees expected
tonight, and a high of about 48
degrees tomorrow.
The high temperature yester
day was 38 degrees at 2:30 p.m.,
with a low of 33 registered at
11:30 p.m.
Yugoslav Writer Gets
U. N. Okay to Cover War
ly the Associated Press
TOKYO. Nov. 26.—The first
Communist correspondent ac
credited to cover the Korean war
from the United Nations side is
leaving for Korea. He is Jakov
Levi. 30, correspondent for the
official Yugoslav paper Borba.
As an anti-Soviet Communist,
he said he expected the Soviet
bloc correspondents at Panmun
Jom to ignore him, as they did
when he formerly covered the
United Nations. <
Hearing Scheduled Today
In Dice Game Slaying
A dice shooter today faced ar
raignment on a murder charge in
the shooting of a 22-year-old
man.
Dead in a dice game argument
was Rudolph Butler, colored. 22,
of the 1500 block of Fourth street
N.W. Frank Fryer, colored, 39,
of the 400 block of M street N.W.
1 was charged with murder and was
to be arraigned today before
Commissioner Cyril Lawrence.
Police said a dice game was in
progress at the M street address
when the argument got heated.
Fryer is accused of drawing a re
volver and firing two shots at
Butler, one of which entered the
jaw below the lower lip. Butler
was pronounced dead at the scene
and Fryer, according to police, ran
away, but was picked up a short
time later by second precinct po
lice. An inquest was tentatively
set for Wednesday.
Court Permits Rover
To Quit Nelson Case;
O'Connell Takes Post
I Attorney Leo A. Rover today re
ceived court permission to with
draw as defense counsel for
Charles E. Nelson, under indict
ment here on perjury and gam
bling conspiracy charges.
Mr. Rover, who represented the
“gentleman farmer" of Ritchie,
Md., when the Nelson case was
pending before the grand jury, ob
tained permission for his action
from District Court Judge David
A. Pine. No reason was offered by
Mr. Rover for his withdrawal.
New Date Set.
Elsewhere in court. Chief Judge
Bolitha J. Laws set a new' trial
date for Nelson and his 15 co
defendants in the conspiracy case
for next January 14. That was
the same date fixed by Judge Laws
for the perjury trial of Nelson, but
it is still doubtful whether the two
cases will be consolidated.
A Government motion to con
solidate both cases into a single
trial will be argued December 7,
along with defense motions to dis
miss the indictments, to inspect
the minutes of the grand jury
proceedings and to obtain from
the prosecution closer particu
larizations of the charges pend
ing against all.
Represents Others.
As Mr. Rover withdrew from
the Nelson defense, Attorney T.
Edward O’Connell stepped for
ward as Nelson’s new attorney.,
Mr. O'Connell already repre
sents a number of other de
fendants named in the indict
ment. and has previously repre
sented Nelson in other cases.
Mere ’Lip-Service' Hit
In Missionary Appeal
A warning that communism
will attract an increasing number
of Koreans unless Christians stop
paying mere lip-service to Chris
tian principles, was made by a
medical missionary to Korea be
fore the Church of the Pilgrims
congregation yesterday.
The Christian church’s offering
of little more than “superficial”
aid to Koreans in the past has
been partly responsible for many
Koreans’ acceptance of commu
nism. Dr. Paul S. Crane, a mis
sionary to Korea since 1947, de
clared.
“Many Koreans, especially the
young people,” he said, "have be
come disillusioned with their re
ligion and disgusted with the cor
ruption of officials.” This left
a “moral vacuum” for the Com
munists.
When the Communists took
over most of South Korea in the
early part of the war, many peo
ple turned toward the Communist
philosophy which promised equal
ity and justice, he said.
Dr. Crane said that communism,
“a false religion,” can best be
combatted by a large-scale, long
range Christian program, which
would include the addition of
more mission schools and hos
pitals.
The correction of basic maladies
in Korean life is not just a job
for armies or governments. Dr.
Crane declared, “for there is no
substitute for a trained, intelligent
Christian worker.”
Born of missionary patents who
spent 40 years in Korea, Dr. Crane
has lived a large part of his life
in that country. Now on fur-j
lough, the medical missionary for
the Southern Presbyterian Church
is studying advanced surgery
techniques at Union Memorial
Hospital in Baltimore, preparatory
to returning to Korea next sum
mer.
Dr. Crane was introduced by
the Rev. James G. Graham, as
sistant minister of the Church of
the Pilgrims. Twenty-second and
P streets N.W.
TB Patient Who Left
Glenn Dale Committed
A man who had gone home
without permission from Glenn
Dale Sanatorium five times de
spite a tubercular condition con
sidered dangerous to public health
wras committed to the hospital at
Lorton today by court order.
George Edwards, 40, of the 300
block of E street S.W. was brought
before Judge George D. Neilson
today in Municipal Court by Dis
trict health authorities.,
He was wearing a large square
of surgical gauze over his nose
and mouth. A blond man wear
ing a sailor’s peajacket, he looked
younger than his 40 years.
Dr. V. M. P dgett, head of
tuberculosis control of the Health
Department, testified Edwards had
j “created problems” for the hos
pital by leaving it five times with
out authorization to go to his
home. The home, Dr. Padgett
said, is a one-room affair where
he sleeps with his wife and child
■ and endangers them. (
Hospitals Urged
To Plan Now
For Atom Attack
Baltimore
Care of Air-Raid
Victims Is Theirs
By Wallace E. Clayton
A Baltimore hospital adminis
trator today warned delegates to
the 11th conference of the Mary
land - District - Delaware Hospital
Association that they should im
mediately draiv up plans to cope
with atomic attack if they have
not already done so.
Robert S. Hoyt, administrator
of the Lutheran Hospital of Mary
land, told the 500 delegates at the
Hotel Statler that the major re
sponsibility for care of air-raid
victims rests solely with the hos
pitals.
"The attitude of the public and
Congress toward civil defense
leaves much to be desired,” Mr.
Hoyt said. "If bombs should be
dropped tomorrow, more people
would be killed by the resultant
panic than by actual injuries
from the bombs.
"If we in the hospitals are not
ready to admit a completely ab
normal load of patients, then we
had better get ready,” Mr. Hoyt
continued.
Suggests Committees.
He advised the hospital officials
to:
1. Appoint immediately a civil
defense committee composed of
the heads or representatives of
all hospital departments.
2. Prepare detailed plans of
each hospital, with each section
marked according to its use in
case of attack. Copies of these
plans should be placed at many
points throughout the hospital so
personnel and the public could
become acquainted with them.
3. Draw up alternate plans in
case the hospital is wholly or
partly destroyed in the attack. A
substitute building at least 10
miles in the country should be
reserved as an alternate treatment
site.
4. Plan immediately to make
the greatest use possible of vol
unteer, trained personnel, with
professionals spread out as thinly
as possible throughout the dis
aster organization.
Mr. Hoyt emphasized that
niither civil defense officials nor'
the public seem to have allowed1
for the possibility that mote than
one bomb would be dropped or
that the bombing might continue
over a period of days.
He told the hospital officials
they could better guarantee the
smooth functioning of their en
tire staff if they would reserve
within the hosiptal area a place
for the families of all hospital
workers. He said the treatment
would be much more efficient if
the hospital staff knew their fam
ilies were safe.
Prefers Surplus of Plans.
He also said that hosiptals. hav-'
ing drawn up civil defense plans,
should have ‘‘dry runs” to make
sure things would function
smoothly in case of attack.
"Let us have a surplus of plans,
if that is possible, rather than too
little, too late,” Mr Hoyt said.
Mr. Hoyt spoke at the opening
session of the two-day conference.
Earlier, Commissioner F. Joseph
Donohue welcomed the delegates
and praised Health Officer Dr.
Daniel Seckinger and Dr. Philipp
A. Stebbing. superintendent of
Gallinger Hospital, for the prog
ress at Gallinger in recent years.
He said more progress could
have been made, but for the “re
luctance of Congress to provide a
fair share” of the costs necessary
to run the District.
Dr. Frank D. Costenbader, pres
ident of the District Medical So
ciety, said that a lot of the so
called misunderstandings between
hospital medical staffs and hospi-l
tal boards could be alleviated if;
the physicians were kept informed
of the board’s plans and problems.
Annual Dinner Tonight.
He denied that doctors were
“prima donnas” who had to be
handled in a special way, and said
often the medical staffs’ feelings
were hurt because they were not
told what was going on in the
hospital administration.
Section meetings of dieticians,!
maintenance engineers, nurse;
anesthetists, medical record li
brarians and purchasing agents
were scheduled for this after
noon.
Dr. Anthony J. J. Rourke, pres
ident of the American Hospital
Association, will be the principal
speaker at the annual dinner at
7 o’clock tonight.
After a morning devoted to
more section meetings the confer
ence will conclude with a second
general session at 2 p.m. tomor
row.
Ice on Maryland Roads
Melts After Traffic Tieup
By the Associated Press
BALTIMORE, Nov. 26. — A11
Maryland roads were reported
open again today after rising
temperatures melted ice which
accompanied last night’s cold rain.
There still was some slush and
ice on the mountains in Allegany
County.
Traffic was tied up about five
hours last night west of Frostburg.
Nine cinder crews were out in
Washington County last night.
The worst sections were Route 40
on Sideling Mountain and Alter
nate 40 on Southern Mountain.
To Discuss Delinquency
Juvenile delinquency will be the
subject of a panel discussion by
the St. Michael’s Parent-Teacher
Association at 8:15 p.m. Tuesday
jat the school, 824 Wayne avenue,
[Silver Spring. » t
STREAMLINER SHATTERED BY CRASH—Woodstock, Ala.—Th ree cars of the New York-to-New Orleans Crescent hang over an
embankment after the streamliner crashed head-on with the Southern Railway’s slowly moving Southerner. The engine of the
District-bound Southerner is at right in this aerial view. The trains collided on the trestle and the terrific impact knocked the
two Diesels 90 feet apart.
'Epidemic' of Wrecks
Being Surveyed by
Senate Committee
Chairman Johnson of the
Senate Interstate and Foreign
Commerce Committee said to
day the “epidemic” of rail
road wrecks in the country
was being “explored” by his
committee to determine
whether Congress should take
any action to protect the
public.
“First.” he said, “we are
trying to find out whether the
tragedies are due to human
failure or mechanical failure.
We don’t know yet.”
Emphasizing that this was
not to be called an investiga
tion, the committee chairman
said "we are exploring the
situation to see what atten
tion should be given it by
Congress and what treatment
is indicated.”
Polk's 20-Year Term
In Arlington Added
To Fairfax Sentence
John Robert Polk, convicted of
rape and kidnapping, must serve
his 20-year Arlington sentence in
addition to a 35-year term im
posed in Fairfax, Arlington Cir
cuit Court Judge Walter T. Mc
Carthy ruled today.
Last Wednesday an Arlington
jury found Polk guilty of kid
napping a young Navy bride from
her Colonial Village apartment last
June and fixed his penalty at 2C
years. Judge McCarthy ruled that
the jury could not decide if the
sentence should run concurrently
or consecutively with a 35-year
sentence for rape in Fairfax
County.
Payne Awaits 2nd Sentence.
Polk’s companion, William
Robert Payne, was sentenced in
Fairfax to 17 years on the rape
charge and is awaiting sentence
in Arlington on a charge of ab
duction, to which he pleaded
guilty.
In Arlington Circuit Court to
day. defense attorney Edward C.
Hall noted an appeal to the Polk
sentence.
Charles T. Booth probation of
ficer, said that Polk. 20, will be
eligible for parole after serving
one-fourth of the 55-year total
term, or about 14 years. Regard
less of parole board action. Polk
may be entitled to a reduction
of one-third, or about 18 years,
for good behavior.
Both Plead Guilty.
Payne, 25, faces a maximum of
eight years on the Arlington
charge.
Both men pleaded guilty to the
charge that they assaulted the
20-year-old bride of eight days
after forcing her at gunpoint
from her husband’s side.
Polk, however, denied that
money was his motive for taking
her from the apartment.
Fire Marshal's Office
Probes 2-Alarm Blaze
A two-alarm blaze in a paper
box manufacturing firm was be
ing investigated today by the fire
marshal's office.
Cause of the fire last night at
Better Boxes, Inc., 920 M street
N.W., was not immediately deter
mined. Firemen said it began on
the first floor, where most of the
damage occurred.
The first alarm was sounded at
8:52 p.m. yesterday by a resident
of a neighboring apartment.
Members of No. 16 engine com
pany said dense smoke hampered
them in battling the fire.
Officials of the firm could not
give an immediate estimate of
damage to the newsprint, paper
boxes and other materials stored
in the section of the firm affected
by the blaze.
A pair of newspaper carrier
boys delivering Sunday papers
early yesterday discovered a fire
in a home in the 5700 block of
Chevy Chase parkway and turned
in the alarm.
The boys, Willie Harris, 10, and
his brother Jeff, 13, noticed smoke
pouring from cracks around the
front door. Firemen said the
resident of the home, John F.
Moran, jr„ was out of town for
the Thanksgiving week end. They
said damage was extensive, but
cause of the fire was not imme
diately learned.
Pvt. R. J. Krause and L. A.
Langdon of No. 7 engine com
pany were treated for smoke ex
haustion suffered while fighting a
fire at Coldfelter’s service station
in the 1400 block of U street
N.W., early yesterday. The blaze
destroyed a pile of automobile
tires, firemen reported. *
}
I
\
Rescue workers hack their way into telescoped car of the Southerner. Officials said most
of the dead were in this car. —AP Wirephoto.
Pepco Engineer, Son Call Home, Safe in Wreck
A Jong-distance telephone call
on a quiet afternoon brought into
a Washington home a hint of the
terror and confusion at the train
wreck scene near Woodstock. Ala
"Oh, mommy, mommy. A man’s
got blood all over his head.”
Those words were the only
thing little Ritchie Sellers, 3,
could say to his mother, Mrs.
Shellie S. Sellers of 318 South
Carolina avenue S.E., when he
spoke to her after the wreck.
Mr. Sellers, an engineer for the
Potomac Electric Power Co., and
{Ritchie were on the Southerner
returning to Washington from a
Thanksgiving holiday in Hatties
burg, Miss. They had visited
Ritchie's grandmother, Mrs. Dor
1 othy Sellers. Mrs. Sellers and an
other son Buddy, 6, stayed in
Washington.
They were among a number of
Washington area residents on the
train, three of whom were in
jured.
Reports from the scene of the
wreck listed the three as John
R. Englehart of Washington, Mrs.
Octavia Narimore of Washington
and Mrs. Otis Colston of Arling
ton.
The first hint Mrs. Sellers had;
'that her husband and son had
narrowly missed death was at 5
p.m. yesterday. Her phone rang)
and it was a collect call from)
, Woodstock, Ala.
"Hello, honey. We had a
wTeck,” Mr. Sellers said. i
"Who did?” the startled Mrs.
Sellers asked.
"The train.”
"Are you all right?”
"Yes. Call mamma and tell her,1
wqjl you?”
Connection Broken.
Mrs. Sellers said that at this,
point in the conversation, a man’s)
voice broke in and screamed, “You
Shellie S. Sellers and his
son, Ritchie, 3.
silly child. Don’t you know a lot
of people are dead.”
The connection then was bro
ken.
Mrs. Sellers said she was frantic,
not knowing if Ritchie was all
right. She checked with Wash
ington newspapers and found that
the two trains had crashed near
Woodstock and a number of peo
ple were dead.
Two hours later the phone rang
again. This time it was a collect
call from Birmingham,'about 30
miles from Woodstock. It was
her husband again.
“We were cut off,” she told her
husband.
“I know,” he answered. “There
were only two phones there, and
everybody was trying to get a call
through.”
“How's Ritchie?”
"He wasn't injured either
That’s wrhy I called back, to let
you talk to Ritchie.”
Mrs. Sellers said Ritchie then
came on the phone and said, “Oh,
mommy, mommy. A man's got
blood all over his head.” Then
her husband came back on. She
told him she had heard that three
people were killed.
| “Honey, there's a lot more dead
than that. It was a pretty bad
wreck.”
“Where were you at the time
of the w’reck,” she asked.
Mr. Sellers said, “We both
were in the men's smoker eating
chicken.”
Expected This Afternoon.
“Well I was scared to death,”
Mrs. Sellers continued.
“I know. That's why I called
back. They're planning to make
up another train. I don't know
when we will be in.”
Mrs. Sellers said that was all
her husband told her about the
wreck. She called his mother in
Hattiesburg, and told her they
were all right. She said they were
expected to arrive at Union Sta
tion this afternoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Donald L. Oakley
of 6807 Riggs road, Hyattsville,
also were supposed to be on the
wrecked Southerner, according to
an aunt, Mrs. James Burroughs of
6811 Riggs road. Hyattsville.
i Mrs. Burroughs said she had
received a telegram saying they
were taking "the train to return to
Washington after a visit with rel
atives in Birmingham over the
holidays. She said she had not
heard from them since the wreck
and does not know if they actual
ly were on the train.
| Mr. Oakley, a retired Army
captain, works for the American
Federation of Labor here.
Two Killed on Route 1; Hit-Run Car Is Sought
i wo persons were Killed in traf
fic accidents on U. S. Route 1 in
Northern Virginia over the week
end. Mrs. Nathan Abel. 34, of
Triangle, and Prank Cariota, a
Camp Lejeune Marine, died in
stantly in separate accidents,
police reported.
At Arlington Hospital, Mrs. Ad
die B. Owens, 65, of 2007 North
Edison street, died of injuries re
ceived in a hit-aild-run accident
Saturday. Police are searching
for a black convertible coupe re
ported to have hit the woman as
she stood on Columbia pike near
the Navy Annex. Mrs. Owens,
colored, was employed there as a
charwoman.
Washington Man Dies.
Virginia State police also re
ported the death of Alfred John
son, 26, of Washington. Mr. John
son, also colored, died Saturday
night while en route to a Char
lottesville hospital from the scene
of an auto collision on Route 29,
near Lovingston.
A Florida man who had been
hospitalized since a Route 1 acci
dent on June 17 died today at
[Arlington Hospital. He was Kiris
Itanis Anzamis, 57, of Tarpon
Springs. He had been a sponge
diver for 42 years.
Mr. Anzamis’ car crashed head
on into a bus about 4 miles south
of Alexandria. He had been visit
ing a sister, Mrs. Zambdella
Simirtzakis of 4922 Fourth street
IN.W.
I Funeral services will be held at
Tarpon Springs, Mrs. Simirtzakis
said.
Mrs. Abel was killed about 5:30
p.m. yesterday, police said, when
she was struck by a car near the
Stafford-Prince William County
Byrd Denies Saying He Has
No Objection'to Candidacy
By th« Associated Pres*
BALTIMORE, Nov. 26.—Pres
ident H. C. Byrd of the University
of Maryland denies saying, “I
would have no objections” to
being nominated for Governor.
He was quoted as making that
remark before a Lions Club meet
ing in Salisbury Friday night.
Salisbury Times reporter Lloyd
Parker said some one in the au
dience asked Dr. Byrd, “What
would you think if someone nom
inated you for Governor?”
Mr. Parker said Dr. Byrd re
plied: “I would have no objec
tions. I would feel complimented
that people think enough of me
to feel that way.”
Dr. Byrd’s version was that the
unidentified member of the au
dience said there were many of
the university president’s friends
on the Eastern Shore who would
like to see him run for Governor.
Dr. Byrd said his reply was:
‘That is a high compliment any
man would appreciate.”
Yesterday, Mr. Parker stuck to!
his earlier version in the face of;
Dr. Byrd’s denial.
line. The driver of the auto, iden
tified as Homer Hurt of the 1900
block of K street N.W., was not
held.
The Marine died late Saturday
night in a non-collision accident
near Stafford Courthouse.
Car Rolls Over.
A Fort Lee soldier was killed and
two of his companions, both Luray
residents, were injured when their
car missed a curve and turned
over several times near Stanley,
Va„ State police said.
State Trooper H. T. D’Armond
identified the dead man as Sergt.i
Eugene O. Allen, 22, of Elmira,’
N. Y.
Injured in the crash were Pvt.
Boyd Woodward of Fort Lee and
Randall Richards, a civilian, both
Luray residents. They were taken
to Page Memorial Hospital at
Luray.
A 74-year-old Rockville man,
injured about 8 o’clock last night
as he walked along Route 240
north of the city, was in fair
condition at Suburban Hospital
today. He was identified by police
as Samuel Jenkins. His right leg I
was broken and he suffered severe
face cuts.
Exchange Club Luncheon
The Exchange Club of Wash
ington will hear an address by
P. M. Prescott, of the Chesapeake
& Potomac Telephone Co., at a
luncheon at 12:10 p.m. tomorrow
in the Burlington Hotel. *
CD Urges Nation
Be Immunized
For Lockjaw
Health Conference
Told Move Is Aimed
At Burn Treatment
Lockjaw immunization for the
entire population of United States
and its territories has been recom
mended by the Federal Civil De
fense Administration.
This was revealed today at the
50th annual conference of the
State and Territorial Health Of
ficers.
The recommendation to the con
ference's civil defense committee
for consideration and later re
ports to the entire membership.
The recommendation was based
on study by the subcommittee on
Burns of the National Research
Council last December, which con
sidered what should be done to
aid in the care of mass casualties
suffering from burns. That body
recommended that universal wide
spread immunity to lockjaw
should be carried out.
Based on Several Points.
In urging action by the con
ference, the Federal Civil Defense
Administration pointed out that
this action was based on a num
ber of considerations. This in
cluded experience of the armed
forces in treating foreign civilians
and military casualties during
World War II, chiefly in Europe.
The study pointed out the rela
tive ease and safety of tetanus
(lockjaw) immunization as con
trasted with the often difficult and
time-consuming administration of
tetanus anti-toxins in a fairly
large number of sensitized indi
viduals.
The conference, which is to
run four days at the Federal
Security Agency, opened this
morning and is attended by more
than 100 delegates.
Fifth of Hospital Beds.
The Federal Government is now
spending more than $1.75 billion
on health and hospital programs,
Elmer B. Staats, assistant director
of the Budget Bureau, told the
conference. He pointed out that
the Federal Government operates
nearly 20 per cent of all the hos
pital beds in the United States.
This includes those of the Vet
erans’ Administration, the military
departments, the Public Health
Service and the Indian Service, he
explained.
I Dr. Leonard A. Scheele. surgeon
general of the Public Health Serv
ice, told the group:
j “Of all the economic problems
which plague cur health agencies,
-probably the most difficult and
the most frustrating is the short
age of trained personnel.
Babies Dying Needlessly.
I “All of us—Federal, State and
local agencies—have a responsi
bility within our own organiza
tions to develop good training pro
grams—if we are to have health
i manpower with the kinds of skill
and experience our program re
quires.”
■ Dr. Martha V. Eliot, chief. Chil
dren’s Bureau, told the confer
ence:
“Babies are dying needlessly in
many places, particularly in the
Southwest and Southeast. They
are dying not only because doc
tors. hospitals and health services
are scarce. They are dying be
cause family incomes are too low
to buy proper food and other
things the family needs, or be
cause sanitation is inadequate.”
She said that “a pilot study of
■ the mortality of premature in
fants under different types of
care is now going on in Mary
land.”
She said that Maryland can be
proud of the current improved
program of health and medical
followup care for school-age chil
dren in Hagerstown and Wash
ington County and suggested
similar projects be undertaken in
other States.
Helicopters Evacuated
4,500, Officer Says
Army helicopter units in Korea
in less than 11 months have evac
uated front-line wounded to hos
pitals in the rear more than 4.500
patients, Lt. Joseph L. Bowler,
told a press conference at the
Pentagon today.
Lt. Bowler, who returned from
Korea on Thanksgiving Day, holds
the official record of all services
for evacuations of wounded by
helicopter. He flew 487 missions
in 10 months and evacuated 808
patients.
The Army helicopter units, of
which there are three now in
Korea, operate in conjunction
with mobile Army surgical hos
pitals. These are set up in di
stances varying from 5 to 30 miles
behind the front lines, Lt. Bowler
said.
Lt. Bowler designed a system
for giving blood plasma to the
patients while en route to the
hospitals. The litter patients are
carried outside the helicopter and
extended tubes feed the plasma
from bottles on the inside which
are controlled by the pilot. Also
a device was rigged up for supplyC
jing heat from the exhaust to the
fitter patients.
12 Marylanders Land
In Seattle From Korea
By the Associated Press
SEATTLE, Nov, 26 — Twelve
Marylanders were aboard a Navy
transport bringing Korean veter
ans pome yesterday for rotation
leave.
Those on board included: Pfc.
Herbert L. Miller, 201 Rading Ter
race, Rockville; Cpl. Preston L.
Minnick, Boonsboro; Pfc. Willard
L. Powers, Gaithersburg; Pfc. Cur
tis R. Weddle, jr., Thurmint.
' j

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