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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 26, 1951, Image 4

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British Finance Chief
Talks Secretly With
Secretary Snyder
By th« Associated Press
ROME, Nov. 26. — Britain's
Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A.
Butler met in closely guarded
privacy today with United Statei
Treasury Secretary John W. Sny
der to seek new American help
for the shaky British economy.
The two conferred an hour for
the first time since Mr. Butler
took office with Winston Church
ill's new Conservative government.
Spokesmen for the two finance
bosses said the session at the
United States Embassy was com
pletely private, with neither aides
nor advisers around.
Frank Discussion Aim.
The idea clearly was to allow
Mr. Butler and Mr. Snyder to
range over the whole field of
Anglo-American economic rela
tions as freely and as frankly as
possible. ✓
Officials on both sides were pret-1
ty sure one question came up in
the discussions—whether Britain
intends to waive the estimated $75
million interest payment on the
1946 American loan. That pay
ment falls due on December 31.
Britain has the right to waive
Interest payments if her economic
position is weak.
Hopes for More U. S. Aid.
Britain also hopes to get two
new forms of American help soon.
The first is short-term economic
aid—around $300 million in cash
or in badly needed materials—
from the Mutual Security Agency.
The second is longer term help in
the form of military supplies, ma
chinery and raw materials to spur
the arms drive. Aircraft, machine
tools, steel, gasoline and possibly
coal are among Britain's urgent
(Continued From First Page.)
Minister Churchill's government
thus far also has refused to ac
cept the American .30-caliber Gar
and as the standard rifle for the
Atlantic Allies. Britain still is
arguing in favor of its own new
.280 rifle.
The- North Atlantic command
structure, the Mideast command,
the small arms standardization
and the streamlining of NATO's
military structure are the chief
issues bogging down the North
Atlantic defense ministers who
are meeting here.
Gen. Eisenhower warned the
chiefs of staff that no one nation
alone can discharge the great re
sponsibility for security and add
ed: "We must pool sovereignty—
we must attempt the impossible.”
He urged that there be less dis
pute ’over command appoint
ments. He did not refer directly
to the disagreement over the se
lection of an American admiral—
Mr. Churchill once said this would
slight British naval prestige—but
he said there was too much tend
ency to look on the appointments
as some form of national or per
sonal prize.
"It's time wTe were thinking
more about the responsibility than
the glory or pride,” he told the
The NATO commander said
some progress was being made
toward meeting the problems fac
ing the Atlantic organization, but
there still w-ere great differences
to be overcome, such as questions
of training, mobilization and re
serves of the various countries.
He urged utmost co-operation in
solving these differences.
The American general said that
although progress was being made
toward meeting the problems,
there still was lack of understand
ing of the common factors in
The defense ministers, meeting
In separate session here, adopted
an American proposal to accept a
document prepared by the chiefs!
of staff setting forth the Allied;
1954 forces program. This is to be
re-examined in the light of W.l
Averell Harriman’s report on the
Allies’ economic and military ca
pabilities. The report is due by
December 5. The 1954 forces pro
gram will be scrutinized by the
ministers in January, probably atj
Lisbon, and by that time the pro-!
gram may have been revamped, j
Channel Command Accepted. 1
The defense ministers have ac-'
cepted a plan setting up a sep-jj
arate British-led command in the j
English Channel and the south-;
ern North Sea to guard the ap- ■ ■
proaches and the ports of these
waters. It needs the final stamp
cf the Atlantic Council as a whole.
As the man who has built up
SHAPE (supreme headquarters.
Allied powers in Europe) Gen.
Eisenhower gave the chiefs of
staff assembled in the one-time 1
Mussolini stadium a report of
“some progress here, some lagging
there” in the drive for security.
One informant who listened
said Gen. Eisenhower gave no
clue, either by implication or by
the inflection of his voice, as to
his personal future. Some diplo
mats here have been speculating
Gen. Eisenhower might drop a
hint about whether he intends
quitting SHAPE in order to run
for the United States presidency
next year.
Gen. Eisenhower told the secret
session of the chiefs of staff—“as
one old soldier to another”—that
he had been “horrified," when he
came to Europe last January, at
the idea of welding a single army
out of the different European mili
tary forces.
But, he declared, he learned |
that “it must be done.” The1
problem of security is so great
that no one nation can discharge
its responsibility for security
alone, he said, adding:
“We must pool sovereignty—we
must attempt the impossible.’’
Must Look Beyond New Weapons.
The supreme commander told
the chiefs of staff that they must
not look to the hope of new weap
ons as a solution to their problem
of mutual defense.
He said his SHAPE command
was taking into fullest considera
tion all that new types of weapons
Caudle Tells Probe He Fears Attempts on Life
(Continued From First Pagp.)
lotte, and Howard Friddle, special
agent of the Revenue Bureau's
Charlotte office.
“Lord God Almighty, let me tell
you something,” Mr. Caudle burst
out as he began to relate the back
ground of what he described as
the “malicious ant} vicious” intent
against him by Mr. Littlejohn and
others in North Carolina.
“I’ve been warned of my life in
Charlotte.” Mr Caudle said, add
on the warning came from friends
" hose names he would not dis
Car Hit Curb.
On his visit there, Mr. Caudle
said he started across a street one
night and looked up to see “a car
bearing down on me.” He added
that he jumped back and the car
hit the curb.
Mr. Caudle gave his spirited
description of the threats against
his life after Adrian W. DeWind.
the subcommittee counsel, had
questioned him at length about
whether any complaints had been
made against him while he was
United States attorney for the
western district of North Carolina.
Mr. Caudle said he had .given
the FBI a statement about some
of the complaints on the way he
handled the district attorney’s of
fice when he was up for confirma
tion in 1945 as assistant attorney
general in charge of the criminal
division. He was transferred fronf
|*ei cnminai to the tax division
Incurred Enmities.
Mr. Caudle blamed the com
plaints. involving OPA cases, on
Mr. Littlejohn and others whose
enmity he claimed he had in
curred from "the most vigorous
prosecution” in the history of the
western district of North Caro
lina. As for instigating a tax in
vestigation of rackets in Char
lotte. Mr. Caudle said that more
than a year ago he received in
formation on them from Walter
Anderson of Raleigh, the North
Carolina State director of inves
He said the Justice Depart
ment then was conducting its
drive against racketeers and that
he called John Cox of the Reve
nue Bureau Intelligence unit here
and suggested a thorough-going
tax investigation in Charlotte.
Under questioning by Mr. De
Wind, Mr. Caudle said that Chief j
of Police Littlejohn in Charlotte!
was among those he suggested
should be investigated.
The name of Mr. Friddle, the
revenue agent in Charlotte, was
brought into Mr. Caudle s testi
mony when he said that he had
told Mr. Cox:
"If you want a successful in- j
vestigation there, let the agent i
report to you directly. Mr. Friddle
is too close to these people."
Devoted to Record.
Most of the hearing was de
voted to Mr. Caudle’s record as
United States attorney and
whether he had failed to prose
cute some of the cases that came
up in that period from 1940 to
1945, when he was named to one
of the top Justice Department
The questioning brought out
the name of Keith M. Beaty, a
Charlotte taxi fleet operator,
against whom some tax cases have
been pending. The questioning
disclosed that Mr. Beaty was in
volved in one of the OPA cases
which was never prosecuted.
Mr. Caudle acknowledged that
he and Mr. Beaty have been
friends for 25 years. But he in
sisted that he did everything pos
sible to get at the truth of the
OPA case and was convinced that
Mr. Beaty was innocent. j.
Under further questioning, he
said that he had accompanied Mr.
Beaty on a trip to New York in 1
1945, and added that “I’m almost
certain I paid my expenses.” When
asked if he was sure of that, Mr.
Caudle replied, "I declare I don’t
_ :
might do in the building of a
defense system.
But new weapons, he added,
would not in the immediate future
lessen the emergency nor solve the,
problems with which SHAPE is
America’s 11 allies, it was
learned today, already have re-j
jected as economically ruinous a
suggestion that they increase their
rearmament programs 25 per cent.:
Most of them added that without
swift and significant American as
sistance, they would not be able to
meet their present 'three-year
Their planS~now call for an Al
lied army of 40 combat-ready divi
sions by the end of 1952 and be
tween 70 and 80 divisions by the
end of 1954, with commensurate
increase in air strength.
Harriman Also Attending,
Appearing before the council
with Gen. Eisenhower were Mr.
Harriman, head of the Mutual
Security Agency, and Gen. Alfred
M. Gruenther, Gen. Eisenhower’s
chief of staff.
Mr. Harriman reportedly had :
for the Allies assurance of enougn <
United States aid to hold up their 1
living standards during the ac- i
uelerated defense program. He s
also wanted estimates on what *
the Allies will need, so President
Truman can report their require- 1
ments to Congress in January. i
Gen. Gruenther was on hand to ^
tell just what and how much Gen. j
Eisenhower requires in divisions,
guns, tanks, rifles, air fields and
aircraft in order to give the West 1
military equality with the Soviet ]
Union and her satellites. j
The suggestion for a 25 per cent j
increase in armament effort came .
from the NATO’s streamlined 12- ,
man temporary consultative com- (
mittee in a questionnaire asking
each nation how its economy
would be affected by such a speed
The United States reply was not
disclosed. The other 11 nations!
emphatically said they could not
and would not go along with such
an intensified program.
Those close to delegation lead
ers say that not until another
NATO Council meeting in Jan
uary will the major decisions be
made on just how much each
European nation must do and how
much United States assistance is
required to give Gen. Eisenhower
a force big enough and tough
FEARS FOR HIS LIFE.—T. Lamar Caudle, former Assistant
Attorney General in charge of tax violation prosecutions, tells
House investigators some one tried to kill him with an auto
mobile in Charlotte, N. C.
Mr. Caudle details his activities as United States district
attorney, which he claims made him the object of enemity on
the part of the chief of police and the Federal internal revenue
investigator in Charlotte. —Star Staff Photos.
(Continued From First Page.)
— . —
ibeen a hot potato. It had been a
part of the vice squad until early
this year when Police Chief Rob
ert J. Barrett made it a separate
squad under Inspector Bryant. The
vice squad is headed by Inspector
'Roy Blick.
Nne Men on Squad.
The gamblng squad at present
numbers nine men. although'
others can be borrowed for under
cover assignments. Inspector Lutz
refused to say whether he will
make any changes in the squad,
although it was thought likely he
would go in for wholesale replace
Capt. Chenault's promotion to
district inspector is presumably
the replacement for Inspector
Howard V. Covell, who was a dis-l
trict inspector until Maj. Murray1
named him as executive officer.
A veteran of 27 years on the I
force, Capt. Chenault has spent!
his entire career between the
[second and thirteenth precincts;
[except for four months in the
[fifth precinct and five months
at headquarters as a night in
spector. He became a captain on
January 1, 1950.
He has many commendations |
for apprehension of hold-up men
and housebreakers. In one case,;
he shot it out with a gunman in
a darkened room. In other cases,;
he was instrumental in the cap-;
ture of a group of teen-agers who
had broken into a number of va
riety shops, was commended for
arresting a group wanted for 25
hold-ups and for capturing a
housebreaker in the act of break
ing into a store. He is known as
a mild-mannered “gentleman
cop” despite his exploits.
Acts AT ONCE to Relieve
h *
* *
(Continued From First Page.)
numerous amendments on the
Western disarmament plan, saw
little chance of an East-West
Mr. Vishinsky's amendments, if
adopted, would convert the Amer
lcan-Brltisli-F^pnch plan for a
carefully supervised arms census
and verified, step-by-step dis
armament culminating in outlaw
ing of the atomic bomb, into the
Soviet plan for immediate pro
hibition of atomic weapons, a
Big Five disarmament conference
and an immediate one-third cut
of all conventional armed forces
and weapons.
Observers saw little or no
thance that the West would agree
to start disarmament with a ban
of atomic weapons—of which it
apparently has far more than the
Soviets—or reduce by one-third
its conventional armed forces and
arms, of which it admittedly has
.ess than Russia and her satellites.
There seemed equally small
chance of any major Soviet con
'Little Gibraltar'
Goes to Allies, Reds
To Get Kaesong
• By The Associated Press
MUNSAN, Korea. Nov. 26—The
cease-fire line drawn by staff of
ficers today runsnorth of “Little
Gibraltar,” the western front key
ridge which the Reds tried to
wrest from the Allies in a bloody
attack that ended yesterday.
Lt. Col. Howard S. Levie, of
ficial U. N. command spokesman,
said Red negotiators claimed the
hill almost to the last moment.
Panmunjom, the site of the
armistice talks, will be in the neu
tral buffer zone if a truce is ar
ranged within 30 days.
Kaesong, where the cease-fire
negotiatioas began last summer,
falls in Red territory, Col. Levie
said. This gives, the Reds the
territory south of the 38th Par
allel they had demanded above all
other positions.
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