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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 26, 1951, Image 6

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U.S. Airlift Speeds
Reconditioning of
Cuban Nickel Plant
An airlift is speeding the re
conditioning of a Government
owned nickel plant in Cuba, and
a Navy helicopter is being used
to make a geological survey of the
mineral deposits of the area.
This was disclosed today in an
announcement by Chairman Lyn
don Johnson of the Senate Armed
Service Preparedness Committee.
He said the nickel shortage is
“one of the most severe” the sub
committee had encountered in its
study of raw materials. He ex
pressed hope the steps to hasten
production by the Nicaro nickel
plant in Cuba would “at least put
a dent in the world-wide monop
oly” of the International Nickel
Co. of Canada.
Fly Out of Norfolk.
The airlift was described in a
letter to Senator Johnson from
Chairman John D. Small of the.
Munitions. Board. Mr. Small!
wrote that an airlift between Nor-'
folk. Va., and a Navy installation
in the immediate vicinity of the
Nicaro plant is operating to trans
port construction materials for
the plant, “thus greatly reducing
the time element involved in the
three to five weeks required for
coastwise shipping.”
The Nicaro plant was built for
the Government at a cost of $32
million in 1942 and 1943. but haej
been idle since 1946 and allowed
to deteriorate. One of the largest
producing nickel plants in the
world, it has a capacity of about
16,000 tons of nickel a year.
Reluctant to Expand.
The subcommittee said one rea
son for the nickel shortage was
the conservative approach taken j
by International Nickel toward
expansion of its facilities. It
described International as "one i
of thee most formidable monopo
lies" it has found
Nickel is surely needed in mak
ing jet engines for aircraft, armor,
plate, machine tools and otheri
products for defense The United
States produces only a small part
of its requirements.
Ohio
(Continued From First Page.) j
mines to address the men under
ground.
Lewis’ Remarks on Taft.
“Taft was born encased in vel
vet pants, and has lived to rivet
an iron collar around the necks
of millions of Americans.” the let- 1
ter read. "He is the relentless,
albeit witless, tool of the oppres
aors of labor. ,
"You should refuse him entry ;
to mines where Americans toil, j
The underground workings are
necessarily confined, and the air ,
therein is easily contaminated. [
The effluvia of the oppressor is |
ever disagreeable and could en- !
rage the men to a point of evacu
ation of the mine. This we would
both deplore.”
Senator Taft drew a laugh when
at one point he asked Chairman
Gillette whether President Tru
man is now a candidate, "in his
own mind” for re-election next
year. h
The question was prompted by
one Senator Gillette had put to 1
Senator Taft, as to whether he 1
was a candidate for re-election to 1
the Senate “in his own mind” i
when he began making weekly
radio broadcasts through Ohio 1
stations 18 months before the Ohio 1
elections. i
Senator Taft said there was no
doubt he had decided to run. He i
said he began the radio broad- -
casts early because his opponents <
had openly announced their in- (
tentions that early to purge him. '
Conservative Democrats. «
In reply to questions by Senator *
Hennings. Democrat of Missouri. >
Senator Taft said he thought "a 1
lot of conservative Democrats in
Ohio were for me on the issues. -
“I think that these Democrats 1
also resented the fact that the
labor bosses were running the 1
campaign against me and that
therefore these Democrats gavel:
most of their efforts in support of|'
their own local candidates.” <
Senator Hennings said: “These 1
Ohio Democrats resented whatlj
they thought was usurpation?”
"I think so.” replied Senator 1
Taft, "they had Michigan before
them as an object lesson where
the labor leaders took over the
Democratic Party.”
In answer to questions by Sena
tor Monroney of Oklahoma, an
other Democratic member of the
committee, Senator Taft said the
labor leaders really made more of
an issue against him on foreign
policy and his voting record in
Congress than they did on the
Taft-Hartley law on which, he
said, “they gave up,” as the cam
paign went on.
Senator Monroney asked Sena
tor Taft if Republicans from other!
States had come into Ohio to
•peak for him.
"A few,” sa'd Taft. "I didn’t
encourage it. Perhaps three or
four came in.”
Cites Byrd Speech.
"Did any representatives of I
Chambers of Commerce or other
industrial organizations come into 1
the State to speak for you?” a^ked
Monroney.
With a chuckle Senator Taft
replied, “I don’t know, but Senator
Harry Byrd of Virginia spoke be
apvertisement!
Why you should
learn to forget
Know why resenting wrongs and the
acne for revenge are poison?
"What most of ns need is not so
much a good memory as a good for
gettery,” says W. E. Sangster in
December Reader’s Digest.
If you think you can’t forget un
pleasant or tragic incidents, read his
helpful article. Here is why you work
with nature instead of against her
when you learn to forget... and how
you can free your mind of things
you’re better off nst remembering.
Get your December Reader’s Di
4
f
OPPONENTS BEFORE PROBERS.—Senator Taft, Republican of Ohio (left), shakes hands with
Joseph T. Ferguson, the Democratic Party candidate he defeated by 430.000 votes in last year's
Senate race, as the Senate Privileges and Elections Committee opens an investigation of
charges of excess spending and improper tactics in their campaigns.
fore the Ohio chamber of Com
merce and urged my election.”
Committee counsel put into the
record a statement that the total
of $1,804,000 was raised for the
campaign in Ohio and that $512,
325 was earmarked for Taft com
mittees. Senator Taft commented
that was 10 cents a voter for 500,
000 potential voters for his cam
paign.
Senator Hennings, pointing out
that Senator Taft had referred to
speakers who came into Ohio to
oppose him from outside as "car
petbaggers,” asked if Senator Taft
would call a Senator from another
State who went in to speak a "car
petbagger” and if he objected.
Senator Taft replied that the
Senate Privileges and Elections
Committee had made so much of
the entrance of outsiders into the
1950 Maryland senatorial cam-!
paign that he thought he should
say something about what hap
pened in Ohio.
Made Speech In Illinois.
Senator Hennings asked Sena
tor Taft if he had gone into other.
States to speak during the 1950
campaign.
"I made the speech in Illinois—
at the request of Senator Dirk
sen”—replied Senator Taft. He
said that this really was carpet
bagging in the sense of the w ay
he used the term.
“I don't think it is bad, cer
tainly not as bad as the commit
tee thought it was in Maryland.
There is nothing immoral in it
unless it is pressed to very great
extent as it w’as done by the labor
unions and Democratic adminis
tration leaders in Ohio. It is a
question of degree. I wouldn’t
have resented (AFL> President
Green coming into Ohio and mak
ing a speech to his followers.”
Senator Hennings wanted to
know if money sent into Ohio
from outside was also carpet
bagging.
“Yes, that was carpetbag money,'
said Senator Taft. He mentioned
a letter he had received from an
employer in another State who
said that since the labor unions
were asking his 100 employes to
contribute $2 each to be used
against Taft, he himself was
sending a check for $200 to offset
their contribution.
“I doubt if his employes ever
sent that amount into Ohio, how
ever,” commented Senator Taft.
At the outset Senator Taftj
pointed out that his election last,
year by a majority of more than
431,000 votes is not being con
tested. He said the committee
chairman informed him the pur
pose of the hearings is to examine
one of the major elections of 19®0
with a view to determining how
election laws could be improved.
Makes Recommendations.
In this connection the Ohio Sen
ator made the following recom
mendations:
Enforce existing laws impartial
ly and permit either candidate to
invoke the law by direct action if
the Attorney General does not
do so.
Consider requiring the filing
with some official in Washington
of all literature dealing with the
election of National officers before
it is circulated.
Clarify the law’s relating to
money contributions.
The Senator added that he is
also suggesting w’ith some hesita
tion that the committee consider
"the possibility of a law punish
ing direct misstatements of fact
in a campaign.” He said there
might be a penalty payable in a
civil suit to the injured party, but
he recognized the difficulty of
drafting such a law, because the
Senator Taft tells the investigating subcommittee Presi
dent Truman’s assertion that "special interests” poured money
into the Republican campaign is "completely false.” —AP Photos.
Union Pacific Crash
Kills 5 Crewmen
ly th« Associated Prtst
ORCHARD, Idaho, Nov. 26.—
Five crewmen were killed yester
day in the collision of two Union
Pacific freight trains, a collision
so violent that a huge overhead
trestle plunged to earth, squash
ing a diesel power unit.
The westbound freight, moving
slowly but with the momentum
of 68 loaded coal cars behind it,
slammed into the front of the
halted eastbound train.
Oil from smashed diesel tanks
spewed over the tangled wreckage,
stocked 30 feet high. It mingled
with coal from tangled freight
cars, and blazed briefly into a fire
which charred beyond recognition
the bodies of four of the victims.
Railroad officials said the dead
men were Engineer Roy Hull.
Brakeman R. H. Reynolds and
Fireman W J. Love, on the west
bound train, and Engineer I. J.
Higgins and Fireman P. M. Walk
er, both on the eastbound freight.
All were from Glenns Ferry,
Idaho.
Five other crewmen escaped in
jury. One of them, T. R. Royter,
shading between fact and opinion
is often very close.
He said that if there is to be
effective limitation on the spend
ing of money, the laws will have
to be much clearer than they are
today. It.is almost impossible to
prevent evasion, he added.
had gotten off the eastbound train
to help crewmen of the other
train throw a switch which would
have routed the westbound train
onto a spur.
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DiSalle Asks Repeal
Or Modification ol
3 Price Amendments
By Francis P. Douglas
Price Stabilizer Michael V. Di
Salle today asked Congress to re
peal or modify the three major
amendments which Congress
tacked on to the Economic Con
trols Act last summer.
He told the Senate-House De
fense Production Committee it
was “very hard to hold the line”
on prices as the result of the
amendments.
The chief one is the so-called
Capehart amendment providing
that manufacturers, processors
and sellers of services must be
given higher ceiling prices to re
flect increased costs up to July 26.
Effects Are Debated.
Senator Capehart, Republican,
of Indiana and Mrs. DiSalle en
gaged in a debate on the effects
of this amendment.
The Senator said it was the in
tention of the law to restrain
price increases over the July 26
level.
Mr. DiSalle replied that “you
can’t put a man out of business
if his costs increase after July 26”
by denying price increases.
The other two amendments of
which Mr. DiSalle asked modifica
tion or repeal are:
The Herlong amendment which
provides that wholesalers and re
tailers may not be denied the
mark-ups which were customary
in the month before the start of
the Korearr war. It has required
OPS to permit a number of price
increases recently to reflect in
creases in excise taxes.
The Butler-Hope amendment,
which prohibits any quota restric
tions on the slaughter of .livestock.
Tax Rise Called Inflationary.
The joint committee's hearing
today vyas called by Senator May
bank, Democrat, of South Caroli
na, committee chairman, to in
quire into the operations of the
amended defense production act.
Senator Maybank said the com
mittee wants the information so
it will be prepared to recommend
any necessary changes when Con
gress meets again in January.
Meanwhile. Senator Aiken, Re
publican, Vermont said the new
tax increase law is "working in
reverse by breeding Inflation in
stead of retarding it.”
The Vermonter told % reporter
the law, which went in eflect No
vember 1. hasn’t* slowed buying
much, if any, and actually is push
ing up living costs “because manu
facturers are passing a big slice
of the tax on to consumers in the
form of higher prices for their
goods.”
Jet Engine Shortage
Forces Cut in Planes
fty th« Associated Press
Plane production schedules
have been cut back because of
shortages of jet engines, ma
chine tools and certain materials.
Chairman Harold R. Boyer of
the Aircraft Production Board of
the Defense Production Admin
istration, reported yesterday.
In an article in Planes, publi
cation of the Aircraft Industries
Association of America, Mr. Boy
er said the cut is the penalty for
"what we didn't do 16 months
ago.”
“The lack of sufficient engine
capacity,” he explained. “is
traceable directly to the shortage
of machine tools ... It was not
until recent weeks that priority
assistance, pricing relief, govern
ment pool orders and a sympa
thetic understanding of the prob
lem cleared the way for the ma
chine tool industry to get its
production into high gear.”
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a - - — —1
National Debt Likely
To Top Legal Limit
Of $275 Billion in '52
.
iy th* Associated Press
Under the pressure of defense
spending, the national debt next
year may reach, if not .pass, the
present legal limit of $275 billion.
Congress probably will be asked to
increase the ceiling.
By the end of this month the
national debt will stand at some
where around $259 billion. If offi
cial estimates on spending and tax
receipts are about right, it will
mount to $262 billion by next
June.
Six months of peak deficits are
foreseen after that, bringing the
prospect that the debt may reach
or top- $275 billion.
The top ceiling on the debt dur
ing World War II was $300 billion
and the actual debt reached $279
billion. The ceiling was cut back
by $25 billion in 1946.
Big Factor in Inflation.
The size of the national debt
affects everybody. New Govern
ment borrowing tends to fan in
flation; it can be a major factor
in inflation. Big Government
spending bids up prices.
Interest payments on loans will
take about 10 cents out of every
tax dollar put up this year—al
most $6 billion.
An increase of $4 billion in the
past seven months amounts to a
boost of $21 for each man, woman
and child in the Nation. At $275
billion the debt would be $1,773
for each person.
If Secretary Snyder asks for an
increase in the legal limit, he may
suggest a figure of $300 billion.
During the fiscal year ending
last June 30, the Government took
in $3,510 billion more than it
spent to ring up the second big
gest surplus in history. There
have been 76 surplus years. 85
deficit years in the Nation's his
tory. The last fiscal year was a
happy period for the Treasury,
which reduced the national debt
by $2,135 billion during the
year, keeping the rest of the sur
__ •
plus in cash to meet booming de
fense expenses.
The picture has changed ab
ruptly and completely. In'the five
months since June, the Govern
ment plunged $6,345,000,000 in the
red. The official treasury fore
cast is a $7.5 billion deficit by
next June.
Spending this fiscal year is ex
pected to reach about $70 billion
Compared with $44,633,000,000 last
year.
The unofficial word is that
spending may total $90 billion
next year, although some say $85
billion would be closer. Next
year’s deficit is estimated at
roughly $15 billion.
The highest previous deficit, ex
cept in all-out war years, was a
little over $3 billion.
All the estimates, of course, are
based on a belief Congress won’t
raise taxes to. match spending
The administration will ask for
more taxes, but many congressional
leaders have said they don’t expect
another tax increase next year.
The public debt limit first came!
into being during World War I,
with passage of the second Liberty
Loan Act of 1917.
One Moment
With God
By EDWARD L R. ELSON
Pastor, National Presbyterian Church
ANTIDOTE TO WORRY
It is reported that French sol
diers in World War I carried with
them this little recipe for W’orry:
‘‘Of two things, one is certain.
Either you are at the front or
you are behind the lines. If you
are at the front, of two things one
is certain. Either you are exposed
to danger, or you are in a safe
place. If you are exposed to dan
ger, of two things one is certain.
Either you are wounded or you
are not wqunded If you are
wounded, of two things one is cer
tain. Either you recover or you
die. If you recover, there is no
need to worry. If you die, you
can’t worry. So why worry?”
Prayer: O God. spare me
needless worry, for I put all my
trust in Thee. Amen—Psalm
55:12.
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