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Rather cloudy with high in the low 40s. ^ s ■ ■ /"N . rtll pas* Some cloudiness tonight with low of 32 M^ a ^ > A. M r* Wnanrial A-21 SpS^Pa^A2!!11 ^ ^ - > i| Classified C-5-12 ^^"V-A-n “If; 8 am "*’07 Noon™ *36 U Vl I Yy I Cl I SS^L^U “^."Vc-I-S 4 aW III27 10 ;.S. ::i32 1 pmVII-IS C*** t*' ^Articles AAn "SSi -B-l-5 ._t-°^e New York Markets, Poge A-21. _^__ An Associated Press Newspaper 99th Year. No. 332. Phone ST. 5000 ♦♦ WASHINGTON, D. C„ WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1951-SEVENTY-SIX PAGE& i^g^jggSJjffJFaS. ^^5.^2 S CENTS ALL GROUND FIGHTING HALTS IN KOREA; TROOPS DIGGING IN FOR DEFENSE ONLY Tax Bureau Chief Ousts 30 More, Including 2 in Baltimore Office Truman Removes Smyth as Collector At San Francisco By Cecil Holland Commissioner John B. Dunlap announced today the dismissal or forced resignation of 30 em ployes in the scandal-hit Bureau of Internal Revenue in a major shakeup that involved 15 cities from coast to coast. Simultaneously. President Tru man announced in Key West the removal of James G. Smyth, the San Francisco collector, to in crease to 31 the ousters in the dramatic cleanup of the Gov ernment’s tax collecting system. Two of those ordered to sub mit their resignations were in the bureau’s Baltimore office, to which Washington and nearby Maryland residents pay their taxes. They were: E. Joseph Huppman, deputy collector. Jessie M. Jones, teller. Specific Charges Not Revealed. Mr. Dunlap did not announce the specific charges against any of those who were fired or forced to resign. He explained that the dis tinction between removal and in voluntary resignation was “based on the degree of seriousness of the charges involved." It was the biggest single shake up in the bureau since the House Ways and Means subcommittee began an investigation which has turned up widespread disclosures of corruption and irregularities in the tax-collecting system. “Every effort is being made.” Mr. Dunlap said in a statement, “to eliminate from the service every person who is unsuitable, for any reason, to remain in it. The taxpayers of this country are en titled to the cleanest and most efficient revenue service it is hu manly possible to provide. I mean to see that they get it.” Other Cities Involved. No one in the Washington headquarters and branch offices of the Revenue Bureau were in cluded in the ousters. Field offices In these cities were involved in addition to Baltimore: New York, Boston, Newark, Syracuse, Philadelphia, San Fran cisco, Los Angeles, Springfield, 111.; Detroit. Nashville, Denver, Harrison, Ark.; Fargo, N. Dak., and St. Louis. It brought the total score since the King subcommittee’s investi gation began to seven regional col lectors, presidentially-appointed, who have been fired or resigned; 38 lesser employes dismissed and five resigned. Mr. Dunlap said disciplinary ac tion less severe than dismissal and forced resignation have been taken "in a number of other cases where the facts do not warrant separa tion from the service.” Investigation Continues. He did not elaborate on what the actions were or the persons involved except to say that Daniel F. Cunningham a deputy collec tor in the San Francisco office, had been restored to duty with the loss of pay since his suspension September 27 as ‘‘a disciplinary action.” He added that the bu reau's investigation in that office "and some other areas” has not been completed. Mr. Dunlap announced that the files in all of the cases are being made available to the King sub committee. Removed From Office. The list of those removed from office in the latest shakeup were: Paul V. Doyle, chief office dep uty, San Francisco. John J. Boland, chief field dep uty, San Francisco. Martin J. Tierney, head, wage and excise tax division, San Fran cisco. Ignatius M. Beresford, assistant (See REVENUE, Page A-12.) Theodore Noyes Book On Sale in Star Lobby "Our National Capital and It's Un Americanized Americans/' a book pub lished last week in the interest of a continuing fight for national represen tation for the citizens of the District, is now on sale in the lobby of The Star Building. The price is $3. This attractively-bound book was begun by the late Theodore W. Noyes, long-time editor of The Star. It has been completed since his death. Here is an arsenal of facts and powerful arguments for national representation. Here, too, are some historical side lights on Washington, embellished with photographs and with cartoons by the late Clifford K. Berryman, Pulitzer prize-winning cartoonist. The book if a must for those interested in the history and civic affairs ef Washington. Caudle Tells of Great'Pressure' From Members of Congress Ousted Tax Chief Says He Was Plagued By 'Honorable People' Seeking Favors By George Beveridge Theron Lamar Crudle testified today that as chief of the Justice Department's Tax Division, he was under tremendous “pressure from honorable people,” includ ing Senators and Representatives, but that he could not recall a single time when he was asked to take “an improper step.” Mr. Caudle, recently ousted from the Federal job, said the calls and visits at times got so "hot” that “I would just pet my hat and go out and not tell any one where I was going.” As the former assistant at torney general continued testi mony before the House Ways and Means Subcommittee investigat ing scandals within the Internal Revenue Bureau, there were these other developments: 1. Mr. Caudle said he could not remember whether he, while chief of the Justice Department's Criminal Division in 1947, di rected the FBI to limit an investi gation of alleged 1946 election CIO Official Admits One or Two Errors in Anti-Taft Booklet I Tells Probers Mistakes on Senator's Voting Record Were Not Intentional By J. A. O'Leary A spokesman for the Ohio CIO Political Action Committee, Jacob Clayman, admitted to a Senate Elections Committee today there may have been one or two errors in the booklet they issued on the voting record of Senator Taft in opposing his re-election to the Senate last year. Senators Margaret Chase Smith, Republican, of Maine, and Mon roney. Democrat, of Oklahoma took the witness to task for not having presented fairly Senator Taft's position on public housing and minimum wage rates. They contended the inadequacy of the campaign booklet resulted from judging the Senator’s posi tion on one roll call in each case instead of considering his general attitude both on public housing and minimum wages. Intent to Mislead Denied “Out of 927 votes recorded there were two items on which we were presumably wrong,” said the wit ness, referring to the CIO book let on Taft’s record. He insisted, however, that there was no intent to mislead, and to demonstrate that fact, he testi fied that those preparing the book let found two other errors in the original mimeograph copy and struck them out before the book was printed. Mr. dayman said one errone ously presented Senator Taft’s vote on free postage for service men and the other his position on Greek-Turkish aid. Taft Denies Deal. Mr. dayman gave his direct testimony yesterday, but was called back today for questioning. Other developments were: 1. Senator Taft issued a state ment denying there was any deal last year between himself and the Democratic candidate for re election for Governor, Frank Lausche. Joseph R. Ferguson, Mr. Taft’s unsuccessful opponent, said yesterday he believed Republicans (See OHIO. Page A-4.) I frauds in Kansas City or whether I he later stated a thorough in vestigation had been made. 2. The witness said it would give him “pride and pleasure” if every tax case file which he had signed “could be brought here and stacked up in a pile where the public could read every word of it.” 3. He declared it was his policy to refer to a United States at torney every tax case which the Government had “a fifty-fifty chance of winning.” He estimated 98.2 per cent of the cases reach ing the courts resulted in convic tions. Mr. Caudle himself raised the point of "pressure” brought on the Tax Division chief by "honor able people whose integrity could not be questioned, continuously calling you up, believing you had made a mistake by deciding to prosecute cases.” “Every time that door opened,” he declared, “somebody wanted fSee CAUDLE. Page A-12.) Eden Firmly Rejects British Participation In European Army Close Support Pledged, But French Delegates Fear Stand Kills Plan BULLETIN ROME. Nov. 28 (/PI .—Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden today firmly ruled out British troop participation in the projected European army, but he promised “closest possible British associa tion” with it. By the Associated Press STRASBOURG, France, Nov. 28.—Britain indicated today she would not take a direct part in the projected European army, but insisted she had not yet made up her mind finally. A French spokes man said that Britain's implied rejection of the European army would upset plans for creation of the supra-national force and threaten West German integration in Western European defenses. Sir David Maxwell-Fyfe, home minister of Britain’s Conservative West Set to Discuss Disarming in Private But Soviet Is Silent. Page A-7 U. S. Appeals to U. N. Nations to Send More Troops to Korea. Page A-7 Churchill Is Silent on Extent of Help He'll Seek in U. S. Page A-6 government, told the European Consultative Assembly here that Prime Minister Churchill will commit Britain at this time to no more than “closest association” with either the European army or the Schuman coal-steel pool plan. Later, at a news conference, however. Sir David said “the door is not yet closed and my state ments should not be interpreted as a refusal to co-operate.” Apparently, however, the French delegation took the Briton’s words to mean refusal. Only yesterday French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman reported to the North Atlantic Council in Rome that re cruiting for a 43-division European army could begin in April. Such an army, above individual sover eignties, could be woven into Gen. Eisenhower’s overall North At lantic defense network. French Delegate Paul Reynaud (See NATO, Page A-2.) New York Streets Are Cleared jin 3 Minutes by Air Raid Drill By th« Associated Press NEW YORK, Nov. 28.—An all out air raid drill cleared New York’s normally teeming streets of all visible life within two or three minutes today. The shrieking sirens of the first post-war test halted all traffic and sent pedestrians scurrying into nearby buildings at 10:33 a.m.. The “all-clear” sounded 10 min utes later. Times Square, in the heart of the city, was deserted. Trading on the Stock Exchange, center of the financial world, came to a temporary halt. Skaters on the ice rink at Rockefeller Center clumped on their skates into nearby buildings. Office workers in New York’s skyscrapers took refuge in inner corridors. At City Hall, a board of estimate meeting broke up with Council President Rudolph Halley and other members descending a stair way to a basement shelter. Planes held to the ground at the city’s airports. Civil defense authoriites had an nounced the test would be held this week, but neither the day nor the hour had been divulged in advance. Following instructions, bus, taxi and automobile drivers pulled to the curbs, halted their vehicles and discharged their passengers. Approximately 5,000 persons in Pennsylvania Station moved quiet ly to shelters such as subway levels. Train service halted until the “all clear" came. Gas Company Asks 15% Rise In D. C. Rates Utility Cites Increase In Costs as Reason For New Application By Harriet Griffiths The Washington Gas Light Co. today asked a 15 per cent rate in crease for District consumers, in an application filed with the Pub lic Utilities Commission. The company cites a 40 per cent boost in the price of natural gas as the main reason for seeking to add $2,345,000 to Its revenues for 1952. For a typical householder not using gas to heat his home, the increase would be about 60 cents a month. * The gas company was granted a $750,000-a-year rate increase by the PUC in November, 1949. That rate order was set aside by the courts, however, and the company has refunded $1,259,000 to Its cus tomers as a result. Increase In 1942. With increased operating ex penses and no effective rate in crease since 1942, earnings in the District have been dropping to a point where the present return is only 4.6 per cent of invested capi tal. the company says. Rates for Maryland and Vir ginia customers are higher than those in the District, and PUC approval of the District rate boost would make rates more nearly uniform throughout the com pany’s area, according to Everett J. Boothby, president. The PUC is required to hold a public hearing before acting on the rate increase request. It would increase the minimum monthly charge from 75 cents to $1. Under the proposed new ; schedule, the average monthly bill for a typical domestic cus tomer who did not space-heat with gas would go up from $3.31 from $3.90. The average bill for a typical customer using gas for space heat ing would rise from $13.31 to $15.31. With the exception of a 2 Vi per cent Increase in 1942, all changes in gas rates for the last 30 years have been decreases, Mr. Boothby said. Price Rises Cited. The company stated that higher prices paid for natural gas since September 1. together with an other increase to result in March from a new tariff recently filed by the Atlantic Seaboard Corp.. with the Federal Power Commission, will increase operating costs $1.8 million a year. It cites also higher wage scales, taxes and the need for further plant investment as contributing factors in the rate increase re quest. The wholesale price paid by the company for natural gas is pre scribed in tariffs filed by the pipe line operator, Atlantic Seaboard, but is subject to final determina tion by the power commission. In the case of the tariff that went in effect September 1, the power commission proceeding is not yet completed. Meanwhile, the supplier collects the higher tariff under bond. The company can only speculate on when the power commission may rule on the newly filed tariff. The company’s application to the PUC states that if final deter mination of the wholesale rate re sults in a refund to the company, a refund would be made to its cus tomers subject to PUC approval. Would Simplify Rates. The rate structure would be simplified under the proposal by adoption of a single rate schedule which would be available for all residential and ordinary commer cial usage. Mr. Boothby estimated that if present rates remain in effect, the rate of return earned for the year 1952 will fall below 4 per cent. ‘‘With such a low rate of return, we cannot continue to furnish gas service of the standard we have maintained in the past, and seri ods damage will have been done to the company’s financial stand ing and credit rating unless gas (Continued on Page A-4, Col. 5.) — Makes Crash Landing PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, Nov. 28 (£>).—Ten passengers and the crew of an Aeropostal Veneso lana airliner escaped without in jury yesterday, when the plane made a one-wheel crash landing at Piarco Airfield here. / » i — ■ <m« ■■■ I' -- * • • i was THE INTERESTS SMEARED/ RUINED ME/ 15 Pointed Inquiries On Corning Are Asked In Questionnaire Subordinates Are Sent Forms Requesting Their Unsigned Opinions By Coit Hendley, Jr. Fifteen pointed questions de signed to get anonymous opinions from the subordinates of School Supt. Hobart M. Corning on his administration of the city’s schools are contained in the Board of Ed ucation’s hush-hush question naire. it was learned today. The questionnaire is being sent to school officers working under Dr. Corning by the Personnel Committee of the Board of Edu cation, under the chairmanship of Vice President Adelbert W. Lee. : It is a part of the evaluation of Dr. Coming’s work which the committee is preparing at the re quest of C. Melvin Sharpe, board president. With this evaluation in hand, the school board then will decide whether it will reappoint Dr. Coming as school superintendent when his term expires next March 1. He is finishing his second three-year term in the $14,000-a year job. The questionnaire contains such queries as, “Do you know of any pronouncement by the present superintendent of his educational philosophy?” “Do you have com plete confidence in any agreement reached with the present superin tendent on school matters?” and, “Do you consider the present su perintendent administratively ca pable of directing the need of all departments under your general supervision?” The questionnaire is to be filled in and returned without signa ture to the board’s Personnel Com mittee. Board members refused to dis cuss the questionnaire. School of ficials not only refused to discuss it, but many would not admit they had received copies. The questionnaire is reported to have gone—or is going—to about 100 school officers from the rank of junior high school prin cipal and up. It is understood a number of recipients are not planning to send the form back. The instructions contained at the beginning of the questionnaire read: “Please answer the following questions in the boxes provided for that purpose. If an elabora tion on an answer is desired by you, please check the box and state your elaboration on page 2 (See SCHOOLS. Page A-12.) Sudden Halt in Ground Fighting Catches Capital by Surprise Officials Here Describe Move as 'Logical'; Decision Believed Made by Ridgway By John M. Hightower As»ociot«d Prt*» Stoff Writer The sudden halt in the Korean ground fighting today caught; most Washington officials by sur prise today. But those willing to discuss it described it as a logical turn in view of the tentative! agreement on a truce line. “There is no sense in risking! lives in attempting to take ground that you obviously may not need,” was the way one offi cial put it. He noted that the 8th Army order to ground forces to quit shooting came about 24 hours after the Communist and United Na tion commands had decided that if all other armistice problems, could be solved within 30 days,1 Eisenhower Aide Denies General Will Quit in February By th« Associated Pres* SUPREME ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, Europe, Nov. 28.—A spokesman for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower today denied an Amer ican broadcaster’s report that Gen. Eisenhower would leave his post before next February to run for President. The spokesman said of the re port carried from Rome last night: “It is pure speculation without foundation.” NBC Correspondent Jack Begon reported: “Gen. Eisenhower has indicated to intimate military as sociates that he will leave his com mand no later than next February to seek and accept the Republican nomination for President.” Ship Fires on Navy Plane Patrolling Formosa Strait By th« Associated Press The Navy reported today one of its patrol planes was fired on by a wooden vessel about 50 miles ;east of the South China port of Swatow. The plane was not hit by some 50 rounds of machine gun fire at a range of about 2,000 yards. Swatow is near the southern end of the Formosa Strait, which has been patrolled by the Navy since the start of hostilities in Korea. i Seeing-Eye Dog Stands Guard Over Blind Victim of Accident A 39-year-old blind man, guided by a seeing-eye Boxer dog, was injured this morning when he walked into the side of a mov ing streetcar at Seventh and D streets N.W. The dog, which was unhurt, refused to let a doctor come near his master until the injured man spoke to him. Norman F. Scott, 39, of 5405 Meadowview drive, Suitland, was crossing Seventh street when he walked into the southbound street car. Dr. Kathleen McGrady, respond ing to the accident in a Health .Department ambulance, said the dog was very protective and wouldn’t let her near Mr. Scott. The animal growled until his mas ter whispered a few words in his ear which quieted him down. Mr. Scott was treated at Emer gency Hospital for minor cuts and bruises and released. Mr. Scott, a machinist with the Electrotherm Co. in Silver Spring, said the dog was not to blame for the accident. He was not certain how it had happened. Operator of the streetcar was Groves S. Nargett, 45, of 1509 South Quincy street, Arlington. then the war would be stopped roughly on the present battle line. This agreement made no com mitment on either side to stop the fighting now or any time before a final truce is signed. Neither the Pentagon nor the State Department would discuss today’s development officially. But the best indications were that the decision to halt the ground fighting was made by Gen. Ridgway, United Nations com mander. Defense Department spokesmen declined to answer newsmen’s queries as to whether Gen. Ridgway had consulted the de partment on the cease-fire order. In any event, official Washing <See HIGHTOWER, Page A-4.) Suburbs May Continue Chest Campaign Until Quotas Are Topped District Seems Certain to Meet Friday Deadline; Montgomery Passes Mark BULLETIN Alexandria topped its Com munity Chest goal today, re porting $73,588, or 100.6 per cent. Montgomery County reached its goal yesterday. Washington's suburbs may keep right on with their Community Chest drives, even after Washing ton calls a halt. The area-wide campaign has only two more days to run. offici ally. Chairman Thorton W. Owen says he will disband his Washing ton solicitors Friday, with the final scheduled report. But the suburbs appear deter mined to make their quotas. Montgomery County doesn’t have to worry. It topped its quota yesterday—the first area commu nity to do so. It was the county’s first quota-topping drive in seven years, too. Montgomery’s quota was $111. 760. Reported yesterday was $111, 929. And more is expected. The county residential unit set the pace, chalking up 105 per cent of its goal. Alexandria expects to go over, too. Leaders hope it will be by Friday. But if not, they want to keep working next week. Prince Georges County, Arling ton and Fairfax expect to need a little extra time. The drive’s biggest unit, Gover ment, seems certain to make its quota. It was at 95 per cent a week ago. The big question mark is Washington business, and cam paigners were working feverishly today to make the answer good. Meanwhile, top Chest leaders planned to take time out this aft ernoon for the rededication of the Belasco Theater as a new USO club for servicemen. Slide Buries Highway EUREKA, Calif., Nov. 28 (A*).— Tons of rain-soaked earth and rocks rumbled down a mountain side last night and buried 400 yards of U. S. 101, the Redwood highway, 45 miles south of here. i Order Is Issued By 8th Army to Suspend Attack Headquarters Denies Command Seen by A. P. Correspondent ly th# Associated Press SEOUL, Korea, Nov. 28.—Field dispatches based on Allied offi cers’ reports said ground fighting in Korea came to a complete stop today, with only the official an nouncement lacking to proclaim a cease-fire. Troops of the United Nations, last night and early today, re Communijt Delegates Refuse to Agree ta Weapons Inspection. Page A-32 ceived orders not to fire at the enemy unless he attacked, field dispatches said. By midaftemoon, apparently well aware of the gentlemen's agreement. Chinese soldiers played volley ball in full view of non shooting American troops. When darkness fell, the Reds abandoned their 18-month black out and the twinkling of Commu nist bonfires and the glow of ciga rettes marked out the silent 145 mile front. 8th Amy Denies Order. Associated Press Correspondent | Milo Farneti reported from the | western front that he had seen an order from United States 8th Army headquarters to stop fighting. Eighth Army headquarter* denied it issued the order. Mr. Farneti said the Allies stopped fighting immediately th* ord^r was received. Only a few rounds of Red ar tillery, possibly from uninformed l gunners, broke the unnatural still . ness. ■I Patrols roamed the quiet front i under orders to take no offensive action. In many cases they mad* no contact. The 8th Amy issued a warning statement that said “there is as of this date, 28 November, 1951, no cease-fire in Korea.” Ground Truce Exists. This statement was directly counter to the facts on the front —facts known to tens of thous ands of soldiers and to scores of war correspondents at the front and at headquarters. The facts were that for the time being, unless the Communists at tack, there is a ground truce along the front that amounts to a ces sation of hostilities on the ground. Mr. Farneti quoted a United States 3d Division officer that Allied ground forces have stoppecf shooting at the Communists "for all practical purposes.” The provisional cease-fire line is to become the cease-fire line only if negotiators reach a com plete armistice by December 27. The officer said the 8th Army order instructed all commanders to “maintain combat effective ness” to be ready for an Allied offensive in case truce talks stum ble. The officer said all frontline units have been warned not to relax and that the war is not over. Patrols Can’t Attack. "We are not allowed to send out any more than reconnaisance pa trols,” he said. "Their mission is just to scout, not to attack.” He said the order also pro hibited offensive air strikes against Red positions on the front. The order restricted artillery to counter-battery fire. "Our men in the companies have been told not to expose themselves unnecessarily,” the officer said. “But they have orders to defend themselves against any Commu nist attack. “We will be honorable about this affair,” he said, "and we hope the Communists will act the same way.” The order said the Allies would hold down offensive action on the ground during the 30-day period to "clearly demonstrate the will ingness to reach an agreement while preparing for offensive ac tion if negotiations are unreason ably delayed.” The order instructed that pres (See KOREA, Page A-4.) Featured Reading Inside Today's Star PROPAGAN DA AGENCY - Senator Taft, in another chapter of his foreign policy views on page A-3, proposes tak ing United States propaganda ma chinery from the State Department and setting up an agency staffed by men "who concede nothing to the principle of communism, socialism and Govern ment controls." CURLY LOCKS—The new hair-do, dictated by Emile Beauvais of Paris, is calling for short or very curly locks at the nape of the neck for short coif fures. Bangs are staging a comeback in Paris—they play up pretty eyes ond hide those lines on the forehead. The idee is on page B-5. /• ''