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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy today; high 46. Cloudy, windy to
night; low 36. Tomorrow, cloudy, clearing
in afternoon. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight, 38 6 a.m. ...36 11 a m. ...40
2 a.m. 37 8 a m. ___37 Noon_41
4 a.m. 35 10 a.m. 39 1 p.m. 43
Late New York Markets. Page A-21.
Guide for Readers
Page Page
Amusem'nts A-22-23 Lost and Found A-3
Classified __ C-3-8 Obituary -A-20
Comics _C-10-11 Radio-TV -C-9
Editorial _A-14 Sports ..C-l-2
Edit. Articles A-15 j Woman's
Finance _A-211 Section-B-l-4
An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. No. 345.
Phone ST. 5000
Rom* Delivery. Monthly Rateg: Evening and Sunday. #1.78:
Evening only. $1.30, Sunday only. 45c. Night Final, luc Additional.
McGrath Gives His Approval
Of Caudle's $5,000Commission
As Action 'of Reasonable Man'
Saw Nothing Seriously
Irregular in Aide's
Story, He Testifies
By Cecil Holland
Attorney General McGrath to
day strongly defended his ap
proval of a $5,000 commission re
ceived by T. Lamar Caudle and
said he believed he “acted in that
case as any reasonable man would
have acted.”
Mr. McGrath said he saw no
"danger signal” when Mr. Caudle
Indiscretion or Wrong-doing? Criticism
of Caudle Stands. Page A-3
Sharp Rise Reported in Tax Fraud Cases;
Prosecutions Pushed. Page A-3
asked him about the commission
and added:
“It would have been silly indeed
for me to have placed my stamp
of approval on it if I had any
reason to suspect it.”
The Attorney General discussed
the airplane sale which resulted
in the $5,000 commission as he
went before the House Ways and
Means subcommittee investigating
tax scandals and strongly defended
the Justice Department and him
self in relation to Mr. Caudle's
The subcommittee headed bv
Representative King. Democrat,
of California called Mr. McGrath
as a witness after having explored
for three weeks Mr. Caudle's activ
ities as Assistant Attorney General
in charge of the Justice Depart
ment's Tax Division. Mr. Caudle
was fired more than three weeks
ago by President Truman.
Plane Deal Discussed.
Mr. McGrath swung into a dis
cussion of the airplane deal of his
own accord after telling the sub
committee that he “perceived no
serious irregularities” from what
Mr. Caudte had told him about
his outside activities while serv
ing in the department.
He testified that Mr. Caudle
came to his house and showed him
the $5,000 check he had received
on the sale of the airplane. He
said he asked Mr. Caudle ii the
parties to the transaction were in
terested “in any way in a case in
our department."
Then he added:
“I got a negative answer and I
concluded he acted in a private
capacity in no way involved in
governmental affairs. I gave my
consent only on his assurance
that this was the case.”
The subcommittee has brought
out that the plane on which Mr.
Caudle received the commission
was purchased by Larry Knohls
of Long Island, N. Y., who was
acting as a sort of investigator
for Samuel Aaron and Jacob
Freidus subsequently convicted in
a tax fraud case.
Says He Trusted Caudle.
Mr. McGrath said he asked Mr.
Caudle at the time what kind of
plane it was. He added that he
thought he was told it was a
$35,000 plane and said it could
have been a $30,000 one as testi
mony before the subcommittee has
“I gave him my very ofThand
opinion,” Mr. McGrath testified,
“and believe I acted no differently
from the way any member of this
committee would have acted.”
The Attorney General said he
“had every reason to trust” Mr.
Caudle. He described him as a
man with a big heart, a great
friendliness, and one who is de
voted to his children.
“I liked him,” Mr. McGrath
added, “and I like him now.”
With regard to the airplane
deal, Mr. McGrath said at one
“The whole instance was so
trivial in my mind at the time
it just passed off.”
Caudle's Associates Discussed.
Representative Kean, Republi
can, of New Jersey pointed out
that Mr. Caudle seemed to make
The Star’s radio stations
WMAL and WMAL-FM will
broadcast a recorded trans
script of the tax investigation
hearing tonight from 8 to 9
a practice of associating with peo
ple with bad records and asked
Mr. McGrath if he makes checks
on such matters as head of the
Justice Department.
“No sir, I do not,” the Attorney
General replied.
He added that he had never
heard the names of some of the
people Mr. Caudle had been asso
ciating with until they were
(See REVENUE, Page A-3.)
Evening Star Games
Tickets Now on Sale
Tickets for the fifth annual Eve
ning Star Games, to be held January
12, may be obtained at Fairway Sports,
1328 G street N.W., or at the busi
ness counter and Room 724, The Eve
ning Star Building, at prices ranging
from $2 to $4, tax included. Mail
orders should be sent to Room 724.
The games, to be held at the Na
tional Guord Armory, will feature fa
mous track and field event stars.
Two special stands for high school
students will be provided, with the
tickets priced at $1, including tax.
These may be obtained at Anacostia,
Armstrong, Cardoxa, Coolidge, Dun
bar, Eastern, Gonzogo, McKinley,
Roosevelt and Western High Schools,
Phelps Vocational School and St. John's
College High ScMol.
Spaak Quits as Assembly Head,
Raps British Special Interests
Belgian Leader Berates Strasbourg Session
For 'Timid Policy' on Unified Army
By the Associated Press
STRASBOURG, France, Dec.
11.—Belgium's Paul-Henri Spaak,
leading advocate of European
unity, resigned today as president
of the European Consultative As
sembly. He denounced European
politicians—especially British rep
resentatives—for pleading special
interest and blocking unity plans.
The former Belgium premier
and foreign minister then took
Big Four For Apart After Secret Talks on
Disarmament Effort. Page A-2
NATO Report Prods Eight European Coun
tries to Step Up Rearming. Page A-10
the floor as a delegate and chal
lenged the Assembly to clothe
Europe's unofficial parliament
with real executive authority.
He spoke as both the Assembly
and its upper house, the Councli
of Europe, appeared hopelessly
deadlocked over moves toward
European unity. Neither the As
sembly nor the council has power
to enforce decisions. The As
sembly passes on recommenda
tions to the council—a committee
of foreign ministers—which in
turn makes recommendations to
national governments.
In a rousing oration punctuated
by applause. Mr. Spaak declared
the Assembly had adopted a
"timid policy" in proposing weak
and limited international "polit
ical authority” for the projected
European army. This action had
been taken early today.
Mr. Spaak berated the Assembly
action as “truly without character”
and a “watered down compromise”
framed in the vain hope of winning
British support.
Turning toward a member of
the British delegation, he said:
"You talk as if we had decades
to talk of sovereignty and an
eternity to decide."
He criticized the resolution,
which urged some member states
to establish a limited political
authority for the direction of the
European army force within the
Atlantic pact and in association
with Britain.
“If you cannot do more than
that,” he said, "we are at the end
of the road.”
Mr. Spaak said that as president
all he heard was a series of reas
ons why Europeans could not
unite. The Germans, he said,
wanted national unity first, the
Belgians wanted Britain to join
first, the French refused to join
up alone without Germany, and
the British kept referring to their
"special position.”
He declared Europe is facing a
gave crisis "living on the fear of
Russia and on American charity”
and unable to agree on strength
through unity. There is not a
moment to lose, he said.
McKinney Stock Deal
Won't Cost Him Job,
Democrats Believe
Party Chairman Seeing
Truman Today; Session
On Policy Is Indicated
* By Robert K. Wolsh
The $68,000 profit made by
Frank E. McKinney, Democratic
national chairman, from a $1,000
common stock investment in *■
now bankrupt company brought'
some Democratic demands for a
fuller examination.
Party and congressional sources,
however, saw little ground for a
Truman Once Criticized Ethics of Frank
Cohen of Empire Corp. Page A-3
congressional committee inquiry
and even less likelihood that Mr.
McKinney would be forced to give
up the party post he took several
weeks ago.
Today President Truman ar
ranged to talk to Mr. McKinney
late this afternoon. White House
aides said no subject matter was
mentioned, but it was indicated
this is the first of a series of
regular weekly conferences the
President will hold with the party
chairman on policy matters.
Senator Fulbright, Democrat,
of Arkansas, declared that "for
the good of the party this
thing ought to be looked into and
clearly explained.” He indicated
that this was mainly a problem
for the party itself.
He remarked that "none of us
ifrom the South was consulted”
when Mr. McKinney wras selected
to succeed William M. Boyle, jr„
and was told by President Tru
man to help the Democrat party
;“show on the record that there
is no basis in fact for the Re
publican smear campaign” con
cerning scandals in the Govern
Mr. McKinney, making clear
he has no intention of resigning
or “taking this lying down,”
vigorously defended his purchase
of 1,000 shares of common stock
at $1 a share and $25,000 in pre
ferred stock in the Empire Trac
tor Co. late in 1946. He sold
the stock back to Frank Cohen,
head of that concern, 10 months
later and netted about $68,000
(See McKINNEY, Page A-3)
Brother of President
Firmly Indorses Beck
For Recorder's Post
J. Vivian Truman Says
He Observed Efficient
Operation of Boys' Home
By Don S. Warren
Star Staff Correspondent
Vivian Truman, brother of the
President, today voiced a solid in
dorsement of the man the Presi
dent has nominated as the Dis
trict’s new recorder of deeds at
$9,360 a year.
Mr. Truman, Federal housing
administrator for the Kansas City
district, told The Evening Star
and later two investigators for
the Senate District Committee
that he thought Earl Wayne Beck
was “a pretty good man.”
Vivian Truman made it clear
he was not seeking publicity, that
he was quite content to let public
statements come from Hairy Tru
man. But in view of questions
raised about Mr. Beck, he readily
discussed the nominee and said he
was personally informed about the
He said in former years, while
| President Truman was presiding
judge of the Jackson County
iCourt, the latter had supervision
over the Jackson County Home for
Negro Boys and Girls. Mr. Beck
was superintendent of that home
for 15 years, resigning in 1940 un
der fire of complaints.
Checked Home Weekly.
Vivian Truman was employed
then as an officer of that court
and made weekly trips to the
county home to check Its supplies
Asked if he believed the testi
mony that Mr. Beck had beaten
his inmates, Mr. Truman said,
“Of course not.” He dictated a
formal statement which said:
"Earl Beck is a Kansas Univer
(See BECK, Page A-10.)
DiMaggio Quits Baseball
Maggio, veteran New York
Yankee outfielder, said today
he would not play baseball
Tone Pleads Guilty *
—Franchot Tone today pleaded
guilty to a charge of battery
on Columnist Florabel Muir and
publicly apologized before a
courtroom containing about 70
persons. He was given a sus
pended sentence, placed on pro
bation for a year and fined S400.
The writer charged the movie
star spat upon her.
(Earlier Story on Page A-27.)
Knohl Lien Filed Here
Larry K. Knohl, who testified
he bought a $30,000 airplane in
a deal arranged by former As
sistant Attorney General Theron
Lamar Caudle, today was
named in a $60,000 income tax
lien filed in District Court here.
The Bureau of Internal Rev
enue charged that Mr. Knohl
owed $49,364 for income taxec
for 1950 and $10,983 for 1949.
Numbers Man, Found
III With $5,700, Dies
A convicted gambler with more
than $5,700 in his pocket died at
Arlington Hospital early today
after police found him ill in his
Police said they are investigat
ing the circumstances of the death
of Harry Preston Johnston, 46, of
201 Leighton avenue, Silver
Spring. He was found at 10:30
a m. yesterday and died at 12:40
a.m. today.
Dr. W. C. Welburn, county cor
oner, withheld a certificate pend
ing an autopsy.
Detective Charles Pearson of
the Montgomery County police,
said Johnston was convicted in
Montgomery County Circuit Court
for possession of gambling para- j
jPhernalia. Johnston was sen
tenced to nine months in the
Maryland House of Correction and
was released only recently, accord
ing to the detective. He said the
gambling paraphernalia included
numbers slips.
Detective Capt. C. Burns Press
ley said Detectives Walter Kadel
and William Dinsmore found Mr.
Johnstpri in his car at 4813 North
First street, in Arlington Forest.
The detectives took him to the
Capt. Pressley said Johnston
had on his person $5,744.56.
Mrs. Johnston said her husband
left home yesterday morning to
buy a truck for the Arlington
Forest Valet, of which he is half
Prober Charges
Waste in Army
Auto Dealings
Still Buying Parts
With 104-Year Supply
On Hand, He Finds
By th« Associated Press
DETROIT, Dec. 11.—Congres
sional investigtors were told today!
that before the Korean conflict
the Army was buying certain
automotive parts although it al
ready had a 104-year supply on
John L. Shaffer, investigator for
an investigating committee headed
by Representative Hardy, Demo
crat, of Virginia said he had
learned that on looking into pur
chases of the Army's tank-auto
motive center here.
He said his investigation covered
a total of 206 parts common to
military vehicles. Years of supply
on these parts, he testified, ranged
from one to 104 years.
“Based on what usage?” he was
"The highest ratio of usage be
tween 1946 and 1949,” Mr. Shaf
fer replied.
Says Costs Were Doubled.
Mr. Shaffer also told the in
vestigators of more instances in
which the Amy doubled some
costs by buying through middle
men rather than direct from
As an example, he said, the cen
ter bought trucks and replacement
parts from the Mack Manufactur
ing Co. of Allentown. Pa., al-l
though Mack purchased 100 per
cent of its parts from other manu
facturers. Mr. Shaffer contended
that the Army paid double the
original price by buying the re
placement parts from Mack rather
than from the manufacturer.
Mr. Shaffer also said the center
followed the same practice with
Reo Motors of Lansing. Mich.,
which in turn bought 94 per cent
of its parts elsewhere. The re
placement parts cost the Army.
$90 million and Reo only $56 mil
lion, Mr. Shaffer testified.
Hoffman’s Opinion.
Representative Hoffman. Re
publican. of Michigan interposed:
“Then your contention is that
the Ordnance Department could
buy these parts cheaper than
Mack could supply them?”
Mr. Shaffer: “Yes. sir.”
Mr. Hoffman: “That's not my
experience with Government
Mr. Hoffman contended that,
due to the need for increased
personnel, it would cost the Gov
ernment more to buy its own parts
than to permit Mack, Reo and
others to purchase them for the
Mr. Hardy said, “the whole mat
ter involves subsidizing such com
panies to keep them in business.”
Subsidizing Everybody.
Mr. Hoffman replied, "we’re
subsidizing every one else now
any w'ay.”
In opening the week-long in
quiry yesterday, the committee
was told by Mr. Shaffer that the
practice of buying through mid
dlemen cost the defense effort
more than $300 million in excess
profits during the past three years.
Top executives of the auto in
dustry were expected to be called
to testify.
General Motors Corp., Electric
Auto-Lite, Studebaker, Timken
Detroit Axle Co. and Chrysler
were among those singled out for
Chairman Hardy exclaimed at
one point in the hearing:
“Why should a parasite get a
profit for performing no economic
services just to get a little rake
DiSalle Is Admitted
To Supreme Court Practice
Price Stabilizer Michael V. Di
Salle was admitted to practice be
fore the Supreme Court today.
He was sponsored by Paul A.
Porter, who was head of the old
Office of Price Administration at
one time.
Mr. DiSalle. former Mayor of
Toledo, Ohio, is a member of the
Ohio bar.
Another of the 18 attorneys ad
mitted to practice today was Don
C. Miller, who gained fame in
the 1920s as one of the ‘'Four
Horsemen” on the Notre Dame
University football teams. Mr.
Miller, who is United States at
torney in Cleveland, Ohio, was
presented to the court by Solicitor
General Philip B. Perlman.
White House Frowns on Float
With Mink Coat, Piano Player
By the Associated Press
The White House thinks it
| would be “very bad taste” for the
Pasadena Tournament of Roses to
have a float showing President
Truman playing the piano and
-“burlesquing mink coats and deep
| The idea for the parade entry
was advanced by the Junior
Chamber of Commerce of Tem
ple City, Calif. Charles Morse,
| president of the group, tele
graphed the White House about
the plan and asked for Mr. Tru
man’s reaction.
Presidential Secretary Joseph
Short today made public Mr.
Morse’s telegram and Mr. Short's
reply. Mr. Short wrote:
“In reply to your telegram of De
cember 7, it is suggested that most
people viewing a float such as pro
posed in your wire would con
sider it in very bad taste.”
Mr. Morse's telegram had said:
“Please advise whether Presi
dent Truman would have any ob
jection to the entry of a float in
the Pasadena Tournament . of
Roses parade depicting his dream
ing of the presidency of the
United States when a Kansas City
merchant and later showing
White House scene as President
playing the Piano and burlesquing
mink coats and deep freezes. We
intend this as good humor illus
trations of this years parade
theme—dream of the future. Re
quest immediate answer.”
Mr. Short told reporters in re
sponse to questions that the White
House certainly is in no position
either to deny or give permission
[for floats in such a parade.
Now We Know the Reason for the Joint Chiefs' Meeting
Ohio Slayer Believed Wounded
In Fight With Maryland Police
Officers Press Hunt
In Wooded Area for
Dangerous Fugitive
A widespread hunt was on today
for a desperate killer who eluded
Ellicott City (Md.) police after
a gun battle there shortly before
midnight. He was believed to
have been wounded in the fight.
The Associated Press reported
that a bloodhound this morning
pointed the trail toward a wooded
valley on the north side of Route
40. Maryland police are search
ing for ex-Convict George F. Ross,
wanted for the slaying of a Cleve
land policeman.
Washington police were alerted
and warned that Ross is armed
with a .‘>8-caliber revolver and is
“extremely dangerous.”
Dog Picks l'p Trail.
This morning officers let the
bloodhound sniff a topcoat found
in the stolen car in which the
killer fled Ohio. When the hound
lit out on the north side of the
busy expressway, a Maryland
State trooper took a lookout posi
tion in a fireguard tower overlook
ing the area.
A filling station one-half mile
east on Route 40 from the scene
of last night's gunfire was found
looted this morning.
The station's first aid kit was
missing. Some candy and cig
arettes were gone.
The owmer, Jack Kirn, reported
a blanket was stolen from his car.
parked in front of the house 100
yards away.
Police found the first aid kit.
two blankets, some candy wrap
pers and cigarette butts in the
woods about a quarter of a mile
south of the express highway.
One of the blankets belonged
to Mr. Kirn. It had blood on it.
The contents of the first aid kit
were gone.
Lt. Martin M. Puncke. leading
a squad of Maryland State police
in the manhunt, declined to spec
ulate whether all this meant Ross
had been wounded when he was
flushed from the car last night.
That was at another Route 40
filling station about 18 miles west
of Baltimore. It had closed for
the night. Chief Russell E. Mox
ley and Patrolman Harry M. Har
rison of the Howard County police
stopped to investigate two cars
parked at the station.
Man Asleep in Car.
Chief Moxley approached one
car. Looking in the front window,
he saw' a man covered with a
coat, apparently asleep on the
back seat.
Shining his flashlight on the
man, Chief Moxley asked where
he was from.
"Ohio,” the man replied.
The chief asked for his registra
tion card. As the man reached
under the coat apparently to get
the card. Chief Moxley said he
saw the glint of a gun and ducked
He said the man rolled out of
the opposite side of the car and
fired “four or five” shots,
i Chief Moxley ducked, pulled his
—AP Wirephoto.
own gun and fired twice through
the car.
The chief retreated to a safer
position down a slight embank
ment and emptied his gun as the
man ran around the filling station.
Patrolman Harrison, who had
been on the other side of the
highway, fired two or three times
at the fleeing figure. The two po
licemen then entered their car,
(See ROSS. Page A-8.)
Retail Food Prices
Soar to New Record ■
In November Survey
Advance of 1.4 Per Cent
In 11-Day Period Led by
Fresh Fruits, Vegetables
The Government announced to
day that retail food prices reached
a new all-time high on November
26. climbing 1.4 per cent in the
previous 11 days.
Most of the rise, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported, was
caused by higher prices for fresh
fruits and vegetables, dairy prod
ucts, lamb and eggs.
A survey of eight cities, in
cluding Washington, showed that
fresh fruit and vegetable prices
rose 10 per cent between Novem
ber 15 and 26. The bureau said
this was more than the usual
seasonal increase to be expected
at this time of year.
Tomatoes l’p 27 Per Cent.
The increase ranged from to
matoes. up 27 per cent, to pota
toes, 9 per cent, and carrots, 8
per cent.
The bureau said the November
26 prices were 234.5 per cent of
the 1935-1939 average. This was
about 2.6 per cent higher than a
; month earlier and 15 per cent
above the pre-Korea level.
The report said prices of
canned and dried fruits and vege
tables rose slightly, while frozen
items generally were somewhat
Cheese dropped 1 per cent but
all other dairy items advanced,
for an over-all increase of 0 7 per
Pork Price Eases.
Meats, poultry and fish averaged
0.4 per cent less, due to decreased
pork prices because of seasonal
Sugar and sweets, fats and oils,
all were slightly higher on Novem
ber 26, compared to the middle of
the month. Cereals and bakery
products remained unchanged and
beverages showed only little
The bureau said It collected
prices in the survey in Atlanta,
Boston, Chicago. Columbus. Ohio;
New York, Richmond, Va.; San
Francisco and Washington.
Gieseking Out of Danger
BRIG, Switzerland. Dec. 11 (^P).
— Walter Gieseking, 57, noted
German concert pianist, was in- j
jured in an automobile accident
here on Saturday. The attending
physician said today he is out of
danger and his hands were not
Truce Negotiators
Run Into Tangle on
Prisoner Exchange
Subject Is Taken Up
After Reds Yield to
Allied Insistence
By the Associated Press
MUNSAN, Korea. Dec. 11 —
Truce negotiators discussed ex
change of war prisoners today for
the first time and immediately
tangled on how to do it.
The Communists proposed all
prisoners be released by both sides
U. N. Jets lattle Reds After Air Lull; '
Ground Action Also Light. Page A-8
when an armistice is reached. The
United Nations insisted on a
“fair and equitable" exchange,
which was interpreted as a man
for-man swap.
The prisoner question was taken
up by a two-man subcommittee
tone from each side) a few min
utes after the Communists capit
ulated to Allied insistence that
the subject be tackled now.
Simultaneously the Red nego
tiators intimated they would
agree to continued rotation of
troops and to two other Allied
demands if the United Nations
command would agree to neutral
behind-the-linew inspection dur
ing a Korean armistice.
Concessions Kindle Hopes.
Later the tentative offer was
withdrawn without the Allies say
ing how they felt about it.
The Red concessions rekindled
hopes of a possible truce by
The Reds complained that a
U. N. plane bombed and strafed
the security area surrounding their
Kaesong headquarters. But it ap
peared the incident would be
smoothed over. Neither side
seemed desirous of making it a
major incident.
There had been no official word
on how' many prisoners the Reds
hold. But Lt. Col. Howard M.
Levie, U. N. spokesman, said Com
munist broadcasts reported 139.
000 U. N. and South Korean troops
were held by the Reds.
•'Roughly I’d say we hold 100,
000 North Koreans and between
15.000 and 20,000 Chinese," Col.
Levie said.
He estimated that the Commu
nists have 70.000 to 85,000 South
Korean prisoners and 12,000 to
14.000 U. N. prisoners. Of the
U. N. group he estimated 1,000
to 1,500 were British, 1.000 w’ere
from other countries and the re
mainder were Americans.
Figures Don’t Agree.
His figures on possible American
prisoners don't coincide with a
recent U. N. atrocity report.
Col. James M. Hanley of the
United States 8th Army said re
cently the Reds have killed about
5,600 Americans after taking them
prisoner. Few'er than 11,000
Americans have been reported
missing in action, so Col. Hanley's
figures would leave only about
5.000 Americans as potential pris
As a result of today’s develop
ments at Panmunjom negotiators
are working simultaneously on two
of the three remaining clauses of
a proposed armistice—supervision
of the truce and exchange of pris
The prisoner problem was tackled
by Rear Admiral »R. E. Libby, a
recent addition to the U. N. com-,
mand armistice team, and North
Korean Maj. Gen. Lee Song Cho,
who has been directing Red talks
on truce supervision.
Stassen in Paris to Get
Eisenhower Yes or No
By the Asso-iated Pres*
PARIS, Dec. 11.—Harold Stas
sen arrived in Paris today hoping
to get Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
to say yes or no about seeking the
Republican nomination for pres
ident. He sees the general to
Mr. Stassen refused to answer
a question whether he would run
if the general refused.
Mr. Stassen. who is accompan
ied by his wife, plans m week's
tour of Western Europe.
ylob Demands
Mood of Foes
Of Mossadegh
Fighting Flares Inside
Parliament Over
Effort to Oust Him
By the Associated Press
TEHERAN. Iran. Dec. 11—Op
position Deputies made a bold bid
today to topple the government of
Premier Mohammed Mossadegh
is a nationalist mob battered on
the Parliament (Majlis) gates,
shouting for the blood of the aged
Premier's opponents.
But the frail Premier, in a two
and-a-half-houi speech defend
ing his regime, said he would stay
in office unless and until the
Majlis voted him out. The ses
sion ended after his speech.
Inside the packed building sev
eral persons were injured as sup
porters and opponents of the gov
ernment fought briefly with fists
and feet, delaying the Parliament
When the Majlis chamber final
ly was cleared of press and pub
lic and the session opened, oppo
sition Deputies at once shifted to
words to attack the Premier, whose
oil nationalization program eject
ed the British-owned Anglo-Ira
nian Oil Co. and ended Iran's
chief revenues from oil production.
Yelling at the top of their lungs,
the opposition accused Mr. Mossa
degh of leading Iran into terror
and ruin and demanded that' he
Troops Held in Readiness.
The crowd outside, realizing
that the eight-month-old govern
ment was at stake, raced for radio
loudspeakers to hear the broad
cast of the session.
Some 500 army troops, armed
with rifles and bayonets, were
parked outside the building in
Opposition Deputies didn't heed
the clamor outside. As Mr.
Mossadegh walked unsteadily to
the rostrum his opponents m the
chamber jeered, booed and banged
on their desks in an angry up
Mr. Mossadegh threatened to go
outside to deliver his address, but
finally yielded the floor to oppo
nents. telling them to talk first.
The Premier had been slated to
deliver an ultimatum to the West
to start buying Iranian oil within
10 days. If the West did not. pre
sumably the oil would be offered
to the Soviet, bloc
In the square outside the build
ing, Nationalist orators earlier
had whipped the crowd to a.
frenzy, yelling "death to the op
position deputies."
Some Armed With Sticks.
The Nationalist followers of Mr.
Mossadegh predominated in the
crowd in Majlis square. Some
were armed with sticks. Np Com- .
munists were in sight among those
rushing the parliament gates, nor
in more hundreds loitering in the
sunlit square.
Some 42 oppositionists—deputies,
newspaper editors and actors —
have been in refuge inside the
building during the week end,
charging they were in danger
from Nationalist mobs who sacked
newspaper offices and a theater
during Communist - Nationalist
riots last Thursday.
The deputies and newsmen
charged Thursday's riot—in which
eight persons w'ere .killed and
more than 200 were injured—was
fomented by government officials
to crush all opposition in advance
of national elections expected to
be held about December 20.
The government has denied their
Iran has a tradition that sanc
tuary may be sought in the Parlia
ment building.
D. C. Segregation Suit
Given Appeals Court
A jurisdictional question in a
case involving an attack on con
stitutionality of racial segrega
tion in District public schools was
referred to the United States
Court of Appeals today by the Su
preme Court.
The high court continued on its
docket an earlier petition by par
High Court Rules Ohio Poper Violotei
Anti-Trust Law. Poge A-2
ents of several Negro children who
were refused admission to the
Sousa Junior High School. That
petition asked the Supreme Court
to order the setting up of a spe
cial three-judge court in the Dis
trict to pass on constitutionality
of the school segregation system
A request for such a court was
rejected in District Court last
spring. In addition to asking the
Supreme Court to direct forma
tion of; a three-judie court, the
parents also filfed an appeal with
the Court of Appeals.
Featured Reading
Inside Today s Star
Thot's the way melodic matrons of
Takoma Park who have organized a
fantastic kitchenwore bond describe
themselves to Stor Reporter Mary L.
Vaughan. She writes about what thesa
housewives do with their spare time
on Page B-l.
DRIA?—Lovers of things gone by art
up in arms to block the advance of
what some folks call progress in his
toric Alexandria. Star Reporter Georg*
Kennedy gives an insight into a bitter
zoning plan feud on page A-17.

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