Newspaper Page Text
High Court Rules
Ohio Paper Violates Anti-Trust Law By Robert K. Wolsh The Supreme Court held today that an Ohio newspaper violated the anti-trust law by refusing advertising space to advertisers Xvho also used a competing radio station in the same city? In a 7-0 opinion written by Jus tice Burton, with Justices Clark and Minton not participating, the tribunal upheld lower court de cisions that the Lorain (Ohio) Journal sought to destroy com petition with a local radio station. The opinion rejected the news paper's contention that freedom of the press was involved in the case at issue. “The publisher also claims a right as a private business con cern to select its customers and to refuse to accept advertisements from whomever it pleases,” the opinion continued. "We do not dis pute that general right. But the word Tight’ is one of the most deceptive of pitfalls. It is so easy to slip from a qualified meaning in the premise to an unqualified one in the conclusion. Most rights are qualified. Anti-Trust Act Cited. “The fight claimed by the pub lisher is neither© absolute nor! exempt from regulation. Its ex-! ercise as a purposeful means of! monopolizing interstate commerce is prohibited by the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. The operator of the radio station, equally with the publisher of the newspaper, is en titled to the protection of that act." The suit against the Lorain paper was instituted by the Gov-; ernment and sought an injunction on the ground that the company was engaged in a conspiracy to monopolize interstate commerce. The Supreme Court ruling sus tained the action of a Federal1 court in Ohio in issuing an in junction preventing the news paper from "discriminating” against advertisers who patron ized radio station WEOL in the same community. Applies to Advertising. “There can be little doubt to day." Justice Burton wrote, “that the immediate dissemination of news gathered from throughout the Nation or the world by agen cies specially organized for that purpose is a part of interstate commerce. The same is true of national advertising originating throughout the Nation and offer ing products for sale on a na tional scale. . . . Unless protected by law the consuming public is at the mercy of restraints and mo nopolizations of interstate com merce at whatever points they occur.” Chevy Chase Women Appeals Fine in Crash Mrs. Marjorie W. Bushong, 57, of 206 Raymond street. Chevy Chase, has appealed a Bethesda Pcdicfr Court conviction on a charge of failing to yield the right of-way. Mrs. Bushong was fined $25 and costs yesterday in connection with the collision November 17 between; her car and a Montgomery County Accident Prevention Unit police automobile. The collision occurred at the intersection of Brookville and Broad Branch roads. Editor to Speak HAMPDEN-SYDNEY, Va„ Dec. 11. i/P).—Virginius Dabney, editor of the Richmond Times-Dispatch. will deliver the feature address at the closing program here Thurs day night of Hampden-Sydney College’s 175th anniversary cele bration. ***T7B! feu/ QwstrnasSals SHOT-UP SHOOTING STAR—Sergt. Robert F. Joynes (left) of Baltimore examines the bi; fash in the tail of the F-80 Shooting Star blasted by an enemy 40 mm. anti-aircraft shell over Korea when 1st Lt. James S. White (right) of Bellwood, III., made a dive-bombing attack. __ —Air Force Photo via AP Legislator Who Helped Write Tax Act Takes Course on It By th« Associated Press A Virginian who helped to write the new tax bill at the last session of Congress has turned student to study the new act. Representative Harrison, Demo crat, of Virginia, is not only doing [“homework” in studying the next tax. but he attended a three-day school last week. The school was the annual In stitute on Federal Taxation con ducted by the American University. Mr. Harrison said the institute was designed to give the viewpoint of lawyers and accountants in the 'Practical application of the new act. The institute, he told a reporter, dealt with some "borderline cases" and in general touched on practi cal problems. The institute dealt also with special tax problems arising from renegotiations of defense contracts. “I've been studying the tax bill at home for a month or more." Mr. Harrison said. "I went back to ‘school’ since I wanted to under stand better the practical prob lems.’’ Mr. Harrison helped frame the tax bill as a member of the House Ways and Means Committee. Egypt Sends Protest To U. N. on Razing cf Village by British Iiy the Associated ®ress PARIS. Dec. 11. — Egypt pro tested to the United Nations today , against the destruction of an Egyptian village in the Suez area by British forces. British army engineers over the week end destroyed a 100-house village near Suez in building a new road between a military garrison and a water filtration plant. The British contended the by-pass: through the village was necessary because military convoys encoun tered Egyptian terrorists snipers along the old route. A British military spokesman in the Suez area said that "actual compensations have been worked out" for the villagers. He did not say what amounts would be paid. He added that most of the houses were made of mud but there were 10 solidly constructed residences of two and three stories. Normal traffic between Suez and Cairo was now being resumed, the iBritish announced. No major in cidents have been reported in the canal zone since last Saturday when two British soldiers were killed and a third critically w-ounded in the Arab quarter of Ismailia. The Egyptian protest was handed by Foreign Minister Salahj El Din to U. N. Secretary General Lie. The Egyptian government asked Mr. Lie to circulate the pro test to all members. No further action was requested at this time. Two Dock Workers Beaten As Strike Hits Boston Port By tH« Associated Press BOSTON, Dec. 11.—The Port of Boston was tied up today by a walkout of 1,900 longshoremen, two of whom were brutally beaten. Daniel Donovan, international vice president of the AFL Long shoremen’s Union, said two men were dragged from their homes at gunpoint and slugged because they refused to cross CIO picket lines. The longshorefhen refused to work because a picket line was thrown up around the Isthmian Line freighter Steel Flyer by the CIO Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Union. Mr. Donovan said: “It’s always Stennis Sees Revolt In South Possible if Truman Runs Again Further evidence of Southern opposition to another term for President Truman was brought ! here yesterday by Senator Stennis, Democrat, of Mississippi, who said ihe is for Senator Russell of Geor igia as the Democratic nominee. After making 55 speeches in all parts of his State, Senator Stennis intimated President Truman might face an organized revolt in the South if he runs again. If that happened. Senator Sten nis thought the election of a Pres ident might be thrown into the House. In that event, he believes Senator Russell would be a formi dable contender. Meanwhile, supporters of for mer Gov. Harold Stassen of Min nesota for the Republican nomi I nation were elated over the ap pointment of a Stassen man to the Senate vacancy from Ne braska. Nebraska's Governor, Val Peterson, yesterday named Fred A. Seaton, a Hastings publisher, 1 to succeed the late Senator Wher ry, Republican, of Nebraska pend ing next year’s election. In 1948 Mr. Seaton managed the Stassen campaign in the wide-open Ne braska primary. Mr. Stassen led the field in the Nebraska pri mary but failed to get the nomi nation. Senator Carlson, Republican, of Kansas, an Eisenhower booster, said he also was ‘ delighted’’ by the Seaton appointment. The Senator knew Mr. Seaton in Kan sas before the latter moved to Nebraska. been our policy here in Boston to respect all picket lines—whether AFL or CIO.” He added the men would remain away from work until the Steel Flyer leaves. Union officials said the ship was picketed because the CIO formerly was the bargaining agent for the marine engineers. Since the AFL was voted the bargaining agent several months ago the CIO has been picketing Isthmian ships in every port in the country. Virginia Rail Rates to Rise RICHMOND, Va.. Dec. 11 iJP).— Railroad freight rates in Virginia will go up by 6 per cent January 1. The State Corporation Commis sion yesterday approved the ad vance to bring intrastate charges Into line with interstate rates. The Weather Here and Over the Nation District of Columbia — Cloudy today; high, 46 degrees. Cloudy, windy tonight; low, 36 degrees. Tomorrow, cloudy, clearing in afternoon. Maryland—Cloudy tonight and tomorrow; snow flurries in moun tains. Low tonight, 35 degrees. Colder tomorrow. Virginia—Light rain in south east portion early this afternoon. Cloudy tonight; low, 35 degrees. Cloudy and colder tomorrow. Snow flurries in mountains. Wind: South, 7 miles per hour, at 11:30 a.m. ! Five-Day Forecast for Washington and Vicinity—December 12-16. Temperatures will average nor mal, with temperatures coldest at lend of period. Normals for Wash ington are 45 degrees high and 30 degrees low. Rain likely Thurs day and Friday, with rain or snow Snow flurries are expected tonight in Northern New Eng land, the Great Lakes region and the Columbia Plateau. Snow or freezing rain is predicted in Montana and fog and drizzle in Western Washington. It will rain in the Eastern Gulf Coast and the Southeast States. It will be colder from the Northern and Central Plains States eastward to the Atlantic with little chuige in temperature elsewhere. —AP Wirephoto. likely late Sunday. Total rainfall j one-third inch. River Report. (From U. 8. Engineers.) Potomac River cloudy at Harpers Ferry and at Great Falls; Shenandoah cloudy at Harpers Ferry. Humidity. (Headings at Washington Airport.) | Yesterday— Pet. Today— Pet. Noon -05 8 a m._681 4 p m.-46 10 a m._69 8 p m. 47 1 p.m._64 Record Temperatures This Year. Highest, 90. on June 2. Lowest. 11. on February 8. High and Low of Last 24 Hours. High. 46. at 12:01 a m. Low. 34. at 4:56 a.m. Tide Tables. (Furnished by U S Coast and Geodetic Survey.) . Today. High- 6:35 a.m. Low -12:56 a.m. High - 0:57 p.m. Low - ] ;04 p.m. Tomorrow. 7:19 a.m.| 1.44 a m.) 7:38 p.m. I 1:48 p.m. i Sun, today Sun tomorrow Moon, today The Sun and Moon. Rises. - Sets. 7:17 4:46 7:18 4:40 3:13 p.m. 5:46 a.m Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in inches in the Capital (current month to date;: Month. 1951. Avg. Record. January _2.18 February _2.65 March _2.92 April_3.49 May _2.74 June _6.34 July _5.25 August _1.76 September _2.07 October _1.07 November _3.70 December_ .87 3.66 3.37 3.76 3.27 3.70 4.13 4.71 4.01 3.24 2.84 2.37 3.32 7.83 0.84 8.84 9.13 10.09 10.94 10.03 14 41 17.45 8.81 8.09 7.56 ’37 ’84 *91 *89, *89' *00 *80 •sf 3 4 .8!) ’01 Temperatures In H. L. Albuquerque 37 10 Anchorage 37 23 Atlanta _ 40 38 Bismarck_33 —2 Boston_ 44 26 Chicago _37 SO Cincinnati _ _ 33 30 El Paso __ 44 28 Indianapolis 35 28 Kansas City. 43 31 Los Angeles. , 71 48 Louis villa_ 34 3! U Milwaukee . 34 31 New Orleans. 64 47 Various Cities. H New York __ Norfolk Oklahoma C. Omaha Philadelphia. Phoenix Pittsburgh Portland. Me. Portland. Or. 44 Richmond 63 Salt Lake C._ 25 San Antonio. 46 6an Diego_ Seattle_47 Tampa_ 79 Wichita_40 Big Four Far Apart After Secret Talks on Disarmament Effort :l By the Associated Press PARIS. Dec. 11.—The Big Four announced agreement today to set up a new disarmament commis sion but still were as far apart as ever on what sort of arms treaty the proposed group should work out. •’Fundamental differences still remain.” said the United States, Britain and France in summariz ing their 10 days of secret talks wtih the Soviet Union on how to end the werld arms race. Their agreement to set up the new commission—which will re place two already-deadlocked United Nations committees—was announced in a report of the talks by U. N. Assembly President Luis Padilla Nervo, 'who presided over the meetings. Some Differences Remain. The chairman's report, which the Big Four unanimously ap proved, outlined a fundamental disagreement between the East and West on just what the new commission should be told to do. It was the same basic difference which exists between the Western and the Russian disarmament plans. The three Western powers in sisted that the commission be in structed to draw up a step-by-step plan for arms reduction, beginning with a worldwide census of arms and a foolproof system of verifi cation. The Russians as adamantly de manded immediate and uncon ditional prohibition of atomic weapons and one-third reduction of all conventional armed forces and armaments. Compromise Doubted. The Big Four committee’s fail ure to reconcile this basic disa greement left to the U. N. General iAssembly the problem of working out a compromise. Observers doubted this could be done. It was expected the West could i muster enough Assembly votes to push its own plan through the Assembly. But such action would in turn raise the question of whether Russia would serve on a commission instructed to work out a disarmament program on the Western-proposed lines. An American spokesman told reporters that the Western powers would press in the Political Com mittee for adoption of their dis armament resolution, which the Soviet Union has violently opposed. Urgency Pointed Out. He said the Big Three would agree to certain “minor modifica tions,” such as spelling out that [the plan forsees creation of an ; international armament control organ. Creation of this body is implicit in the resolution now. but ithe West has no objection to mak ing it explicit. The spokesman said the West believed Russia would take part jin the work of the new commission Seven though it is established un der a resolution they have voted against. i Unite States development of atomic artillery, he said, made it even more urgent to get going on a plan for controlling all weapons !—conventional and atomic—since it was now impossible to separate them. Oxon Hill PTA to Meet The Oxon Hill Parent-Teacher Association will meet at 8 o'clock tonight in the Oxon Hill High School. Kitcheni Designed To Fit Your Income Kitchen Center experts can com pletely remodel and modernize your old fashioned kitchen at a price you can easily afford. Call today for . Free Plans fir Estimates Open 'til 9—Sat. 'til 6 1715 Rhode Island Are. N.E. HU. JUNK WANTED METALS NEWSPAPERS BATTERIES COPPER BRASS IRON LEAD ZINC ALUMINUM B« Will Mtet Competitive Pricei GEORGETOWN JUNK CO. 3254 M ST. N.W. AD. 9211 Two Zoning Agencies Plan Joint Study of Woodley Estate Issue The District’s two zoning bodies will take the unprecedented step of jointly deciding whether to per mit apartment house construction on the old Woodley estate or to keep the property in its present top residential class. Joint study of the long con troversy by the Zoning Commis sion and the Board of Zoning Ad-| justment will be made as soon as possible, after a public hearing on the issue next Monday before the adjustment board. Since early last month, the com mission has held under advisement a petition to rezone about three acres of the historic estate for construction of three-story de luxe type apartments. Recently, at the suggestion of the commission, the applicants filed a similar request with the adjustment board. According to :Robert O. Clouser, director of planning for the commission, this move enabled the adjustment panel to get the benefit of a formal . hearing as did the commission. Early Decision Sought. Mr. Clouser said that both five member zoning groups will have an informal "meeting of the minds” in closed session to study and discuss evidence submitted at both hearings. Authorities hope for a decision before Christmas, he added. The planning official said the case may be settled with a single decision by either zon.-.ig body or by separate, but conforming, rul ings by both groups. "This has been such a bone of public contention that we felt it i would be best to have the issue settled once and for all by joint action,” Mr. Clouser said. He said that, in his long service in the District zoning office, he could not recall that the prob lems presented by the Woodley lease had ever been raised before either the commission, which makes the District's overall zon ing regulations, or the adjustment board, which hears appeals for exceptions from the regulations. Two-Year Dispute, j The rolling, wooded estate, the last large tract of private unde veloped property in the fashion able Cleveland Park area, bas been a zoning storm center for nearly two years. Early last year, the Maret School, which bought part of the original estate, including the stor ied mansion, twice had to go to zoning authorities before over coming opposition of neighboring residents to use the land tor school purposes. In Octoher, 1950, the three pres ent owners of the bulk of the estate—Edward C. Baltz, building association head, and Thornton W. Owen and Ned Bold, two real' | estate men—made their first as-; isault on the Zoning Commission. At that time, they sought re zoning of 11 acres for five-story apartment house construction, but the commission rejected the pro posal after hearing neighborhood | protests. The owners came back with a modified plan for rezoning 3 acres for three-story apartments along : about 725 feet of the west side of Twenty-ninth street north of the Cleveland avenue N.W. intersec tion. This is the plan that was at tacked by the commission hear-: ing and is expected to be pro tested again next Monday by neighbors fearful of property value deterioration and loss of a scenic gem. Children Kept Out Of School to Avoid Hunters' Stray Shots Special Dispatch to The Star BERKELEY SPRINGS, W. Va.. j Dec. 11.—One Morgan County father—who asked that his name not be revealed—said he kept his children out of school during the recent deer hunting season be cause of the hazards from stray bullets. He said the children have to walk through a wooded section to get to the school bus stop. “These high-powered rifles,” he said, “should be outlawed.” He thinks travel even in auto mobiles in the heavily wooded sections is unsafe. There was only one accident re ported in this eastern area dur ing the season. Charles T. Mart gis, 39, died in Berkeley County from the effects of a bullet wound in the head, received while hunt ing with a party. The shot was held accidental. Maryland and Virginia -New# in Brief Two Federated Civic Groups Oppose Secret Sessions Two federated civic groups to day are on record in favor of changes in the Montgomery County Council's practice of hold ing regularly scheduled sessions closed to the public. The Allied Civic Group of Sil ver Spring, made up of about 25 organizations, last night unani-j. mously urged that all "sessions of, the County Council, with certain necessary exceptions, be open to the public. And. at the same time, the Montgomery County Civic Fed eration, comprising about 70 affiliated groups, asked the coun cil to present public statements of both majority and minority view points on issues discussed in closed sessions. The federation recog nized that closed sessions are essential in the solution of certain problems. The Montgomery County Press Association has been trying for several months to get the council to conduct more of its business in public. Displaced, Not Erased In Newport News, Va., officials visibly pleased at progress on a $2.5 million slum-clearance program, suffered a jolt. A city councilman, declaring 14 houses in an old slum area already had been moved to a new section, asked if a new slum area wasn’t being created. Red-faced officials admitted that when they granted moving permits they hadn’t thought of that.—A. P. * * * * Falls Church Pay Up A proposed increase in the sal ary of the Falls Church city man ager failed to pass at a City Coun cil meeting last night, but salaries of other municipal employes were increased 10 per cent. Three of six councilmen pres ent opposed raising the pay of City Manager W. Rhodes Wood bury from $8,000 to $8,500 a year because the city can't afford it. But the matter will be recon sidered January 28. East Germans Make Demands Before U. N. I By tho Associated Brest PARIS, Dec. 11.—East Ger many's Communist government demanded before the United Na tions today that a peace treaty be concluded with all of Germany and occupation troops be with drawn. The demand came from Lother Bolz. deputy premier and minister of reconstruction in the Soviet zone government. He spoke be fore the U. N. Special Bolitical Committee, which is considering a proposal by the Western Big Three for a neutral U. N. inquiry to de termine whether free elections can be held to unite divided Germany. Mr. Bolz rejected the Western plan and called for an all-German conference to be held in Berlin to arrange for elections in a unified Germany and press for conclusion of a peace treaty. East German rejection of the proposed U. N. inquiry had been anticipated from statements by German Communists and Soviet leaders in the U. N. that the Ger-, man question was solely the prov ince of the four occupation powers. West zone Germans told the committee last Saturday that all Germans—including the 18 million under Soviet control—favor a U. N inquiry. They said Mr. Bolz and his government colleagues were “usurpers.” ruling their area only as stooges of the Soviet puppets of the Soviet occupiers. Minnesota ll. Head Gets State Department* Post •y the Associated Press President Truman yesterday ap pointed Dr. James Lewis Morrill, president of the University of Minnesota, as chairman of the State Department’s Advisory Com mission on Educational Exchange. Dr. Morrill succeeds Dr. Harvie Branscombe, chancellor of Van derbilt University, who is com pleting three years of service. The appointment is subject to Senate confirmation. JUNIOR EASEL LIQITT! STURDY! A strong, light-weight easel, walnut finish, 60" high, with utility tray that will hold colors, brushes, rags, etc. Made of choice lumber. The ideal gift for the artist-Amateur . . . Especially adaptable in schools, kinder gartens and commun ity centers. • Quality Paints Since 1894 DISTRICT 1130 en Saturdays 9Til Christmas t District Man Held In $1,500 Bond On 'Fagin1 Charge Charged as a “Fagin” who paid three juveniles a total of $1.50 to break into a grocery and steal two cases of soda water, Raymond Herman Ford, 29, colored, of the 1200 bolck Delaware avenue S.W., yesterday was held In $1,500 bond for a continued hearing in Muni cipal Court December 12. According to police, Ford stood on the corner of Delaware avenue and M street S.W., Saturday night while the three youngsters, rang ing in age from 10 to 14 years broke into a grocery in the 1200 block of Third street S.W. Police quoted the boys as saying that Ford instructed them to get canned goods as well as the soda hut that they could find none of the former. U. S. Attorney Is Sworn In NORFOLK, Va.. Dec. 11 Charles Robert Dalton, jr„ of Nor folk, yesterday was sworn in as assistant Federal district attorney for Eastern Virginia. Young on Vacation Joseph Young is on vaca tion. The Federal Spotlight column will be resumed on December 27. Meanwhile, the Federal Spotlight radio pro gram will be heard as usual this week at 6:15 p.m. Satur day over WMAL. Woman Gambles Estate Away to Foil Relatives By th* Associated Press LOS ANGELES. Dec. 11.—A Long Beach housewife says she gambled away $15,000 at the rou lette and dice tables of Las Vegas, Nev., so there wouldn’t be any money “'for these jerk relatives to fight over." Mrs. Thelma Snyder. 40, is ac cused of converting to her own use most of the $16,500 from the estate of her aunt, Mrs. Mattie Hurley. The administrator of the estate claims Mrs. Snyder forged the signature of her aunt on three certificates of stock in a public utility, and is suing for recovery. "I gambled it all away," Mrs. Snyder testified yesterday, “that is, all but about $1,400 which I gave to my sister to pay for my aunt's funeral." WHY O NOT • IT COSTS NO MORE TO PARK AT THE CAPITAL GARAGE 1320 New York Avenue N.W. CHRYSLER-PLYMOUTH SALES—SERVICE HERZOG'S Christmas Headquarters for ARROW White Shirts THE ARROW DART 3.95 This smart shirt is right for all occasions. With ex clusive Mitoga* cut . . . shaped-to-your shape. Neat non-wilt collar Sanforized* to guarantee less than 1 % shrinkage. ‘Reg. THE ARROW PAR This handsome white Arrow shirt has smart, wide spread, soft collar with stoys. It's fresh and smart looking on any man . . . comfortable too!.3.95 THE ARROW DALE Truly fine white shirts. Med ium points . . . sleek, non wilt collar. Crafted French cuffs. 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