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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 13, 1951, Image 1

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Weather Forecast #.r Dfla, „ '
Sunny, windy today: high 36. Colder to- II I Cl C TOl ncdaerS
night: low 20 in city, 14 in suburbs. Paae I Pae«
Tomorrow, fair. (Pull report on Page A-2.) / Amusem’ts, A-32-33 Lost and Found A-3
Temperatures Today. Classified ..C-12-18 Obituary -A-40
Midnight, 32 6 a.m. ___32 11 a.m. 31 Comics _C-8-9 1 Radio-TV -C-7
2 a.m_31 8 a m. _._32 Noon 32 Editorial A-26 Sports -A-42-45
4 am. 30 10 a.m. ...32 1 p.m. 34 V Edit’l Articles__A-27 I Woman’s
---~ ~ Finance _A-411 Section _B-l-6
__Lote New York Markets—Page A-41. -----—
" --" An Associated Press Newspaper
99th Year. Ivo. 347. Phone ST. 5000 Horn* DellTerTi Monthly Rates: Evenln, and Sunday. S1.75: !>r PTT'NJTQ
—— -—- Evening only, SI.30; Sunday only. 45c; Night Pinal. 10c Additional. VjrjrN lO
Truman to War on Wrongdoers,’
May Resort to Special Agency;
Backs McKinney and McGrath
Says He'll Root Oul
Any Faithless
Public Servants
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman declared to
day that he would (Xmtinue tc
root out faithless public servants
from the Government, declaring
solemnly that “wrong-doers have
no house with me no matter whc
they are or how big they are.’
He told reporters they could
quote him directly on this point
The President for more than
half an hour discussed Govern
ment scandals at a news confer
ence, but refused to say what fur
ther action he might take to
implement his present course of
dismissing the guilty as their cases
are developed.
He left open the possibility that
he might set up a special commis
M< om Munitions Mon,
Page A-3
Nixon Asks Truman for Secret SEC Study
on Empire Ordnance. Page A-3
sion to survey the field of tax
scandals and related issues, and
told reporters that he might have
some word on that later this week.
Won’t Dismiss McGrath.
The President made it clear he
has no plans to fire Attorney Gen
eral McGrath or Democratic Na
tional Chairman Frank McKinney.
Throughout the brisk colloquy,
Mr. Truman strongly defended the
course he has followed. He de
clared that every instance of
wrongdoing that has been dealt
with by the House investigating
subcommittee previously had been
developed by the executive branch
of the Government and that Con
gress was coming along and get
ting the headlines.
He emphasized that no cabinet
resignations are in prospect, mak
ing particular reference to the
case of Mr. McGrath, whose dis
missal had been called for by
members of Congress because of
the Justice Department's part in
the tax investigation.
The President also said that
Chairman McKinney was not to
be dropped because of the pub
licity attendant upon the huge
stock profit he made in a tractor
firm headed by a man whose war
time Government ordnance con
tracts were criticized by Mr. Tru
man, then a Senator.
McKinney Defended.
The President said acidly that
he was not one to give a man a
job and then pull the rug from
under and he added that Mr.
McKinney suits him down to the
ground.
The President held today's news
conference as reports were rife
in Washington that he intended
to take a new tack in dealing with
malfeasance or misfeasance in
Government. This report had
been borne out by Mr. McKin
ney’s statement Tuesday that the
President was angry and was
going to take "drastic” action
soon against employes who had
been disloyal to him.
It was somewhat of a surprise
then when the President smiling
ly came before his news confer
ence and said he had no special
announcements to make but that
he understood there were a great
many questions to be asked and
he would try to answer them.
The first question dealt with
the prospect for “drastic action.”
Asks Phraseology Change.
The President calmly asked
that the phraseology be changed
and said that it should be con
tinued drastic action.
Then Mr. Truman added that
wherever drastic action has been
necessary in these things ’(scan
dals) that the President has
taken it and that he will con
tinue to do so.
Another reporter wanted to
know how the President proposed
to implement his course, whether
it would be done through regular
channels or by some special or
ganization.
Mr. Truman responded that
when he made up his mind Jie’d
let the press know.
He was .asked if he might set
up a special prosecuting group
as was done in the Teapot Dome
case when former Democratic
Senator Atlee Pomerene and Owen
J. Roberts, then a prominent at
(See TRUMAN, Page A-3.)
—-—-V __
Norway Started Idea
Of Christmas Reindeer
Reindeer became part af Chirstmas
custom via Norway, historians say.
The giving of gifts preceded the
reindeer as part of Christmas, of
course. And one
way for you to
find economical
gifts this Christ
mas is through
i the "miscellane
ous for sal e"
ads in the dassi
riea secnon or i nc orar.
The Stor offers more classified se
lections than the three other Wash
ington newspapers combined. So con
sult this tremendous showcase. And
now is the best time to sell outgrown
toys and other gift items through Star
Classified. Phone Sterling 5000. Call
today to place Sunday ads and avoid
a rush as the 2 p.jn. Saturday deadline
Cepproaches.
V
Boykin Linked to Lumberman
Held in Alabama Bank Shortage
Introduced Constituent to RFC Official
When He Applied for $455,768 Loan
By Robert K. Walsh
The name of Representative
Boykin, Democrat, of Alabama,
already figuring in a Senate sub
committee study of an RFC loan
to a paper company and in the
House hearings on tax scandals,
came up today in connection with
the FBI arrest of an Alabama
lumberman and two bank officials, j
W. P. Stutts, president of thej
Stutts Lumber Industries of
Grand Jury Reported Questioning Young
Intensively on RFC. Poge A-6
Thomasville, Ala., which still owes
$333,712 of a $455,759 loan it ob
tained from RFC in 1949, was
arrested yesterday for alleged
misapplication of funds from the
.Thomasville Bank and Trust Co.
Mr. Boykin explained in
Thomasville that he introduced
Mr. Stutts to former RFC Chair
;man Harley Hise at the time of
'the loan application. He declared
I he did so only to help a con
stituent. He was with Mr. Stutts,
land Mr. Hise only about 10 j
minutes and did not discuss the
loan matter, he added.
The arrest of Mr. Stutts, J.
Moody Drinkard, president of the
bank, and Mrs. Myrtle N. McCrory,
bank cashier, resulted from a
move made last September by W
Stuart Symington soon after he
became RFC Administrator. There
had been reports that the Senate
investigations subcommittee was
questioning the lumber company
loan.
Mr. Symington told reporters at
a news conference that he asked
the Justice Department to inves
tigate possible irregularities in the
loan. It seemed to him, he said,
that the loan to the lumber com
pany had been used to "bail out”
the Thomasville bank.
There was no mention of Mr.
Boykin at that time, nor was it
generally known that he had in
troduced Mr. Stutts to RFC of
ficials.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
said investigation indicated Mr.
Stutts received the benefit of
$700,000 of a total shortage of
(See RFC. Page A-6.1
Government Enters
Steel Talks in Wake
Of Murray's Action
CIO Chief Summons
Top Policy-Makers
To Meeting Monday
By th« Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Dec. 13.—'The
Government stepped into the steel
wage talks today with Federal
mediators flying to Pittsburgh for
conferences with the CIO United
Steelworkers and officials of the
United States Steel Corp.
Cyrus S. Ching, mediation
chief, sent two aides to the
stalled negotiations after Presi
dent Philip Murray of the Steel
workers summoned his top policy
makers to Pittsburgh for possibly
momentous meetings today.
Clyde M. Mills, assistant direc
tor of the Federal Mediation
Service, and Walter A. Magglio,
acting general counsel, were told
by Mr. Ching to talk with both
sides today and tomorrow and
report to him on the status of
negotiations.
Formal Preliminary Step.
Mr. Ching’s action, according to
a Mediation Service spokesman,
is a “formal preliminary step.”
The spokesman declined to com
ment when asked if this meant
the negotiations have hit a snag.
Mr. Murray’s call for a meet
ing of the union’s strategists has
the industry talking about the
outcome of the negotiations.
Mr. Murray emerged from a two
and one-half hour session with
company representatives yester
day and announced his negotia
tors will meet Monday with the
USW executive board and wage
policy committee.
Strike Authority Seen.
(Edwin A. Lahey of the Chi
cago Daily News, writing out
of New York today, said Mr.
Murray will ask for and get
final authority to strike the
steel industry on New Year’s
day. Mr. Lahey said Mr. Mur
ray will get the authority on
Monday when he meets with
the policy committee of the
Congress of the Steelworkers’
Union.)
As Mr. Murray walked out he
said:
“We will submit a report on the
status of negotiations when we
meet with the executive board
and the wage policy committee. I
would not care to add anything to
that right now.”
The anouncement touched off
speculation in some steel quarters
that Mr. Murray has hit a snag in
Iris negotiations for the 22 de
mands he wants incorporated in
the new contract..
Company Won’t Comment.
Company sources, however,
would not comment on Mr. Mur
ray’s action, nor on the possi
bility of a crisis in the pact talks
now in the third week.
Meanwhile, Mr. Murray and his
negotiating team held anothei
meeting today with Big Steel
representatives.
Mr. Murray has said publiclj
that he wants a substantial wage
increase over the average hourlj
$1.95 pay his million membei
union now earns. Also he wants
a union shop, guaranteed annual
wage, and improved premium and
incentive pay.
New China Railway Reported
HONG KONG, Dec. 13 (IP).—A
newspaper dispatch from China’s
southern Kwangsi Province re
ported today that the Chinese
Communists are building a sec
ond railway In Southeast China,
Some sources said It may be pari
of preparation for an attack on
^ido-Chlna.
’ tj
Federal Jury Indicts
7 Cicero Officials in
Probe of Race Riots
Village President, 6 Others
Charged as Aftermath of
3-Day Disorders in July
By tho Associated Press
CHICAGO. Dec. 13—The vil
lage president of suburban Cicero
and six other persons were in-1
dieted today by a Federal grand;
jury which investigated race riot
ing in Cicero last summer.
The village president is Harry!
J. Sandusky.
The others indicted are Chief:
Edwin Konovsky of the Cicero
Police, Theodore H. Weslowski,;
chief of the Fire Department;!
Police Sergt. Roland Brani, Police
man Frank Janecek, Policeman
Frank A. Lange and Village At
torney Nicholas Berkos.
The Federal grand jury began
its investigation November 5 after
a Cook County grand jury had
investigated the disorders earlier.,
3-Day Riot* in July.
The sporadic riots lasted nearly
three days in July.
The disorder stemmed from ef
forts Mr. Harvey Clark, jr., a
Negro bus driver, to move his
fam::? into the all-white suburb.
The indictment charged the
defendants conspired to deprive |
Mr. Clark of his constitutional
rights and also violated the civil
rights statutes.
The Federal Investigation was
ordered in September by Attorney
General McGrath.
The Cook County grand jury in
dicted Konovsky and five other
persons, but the indictments
against the other five later were
thrown out in court.
Brought Criticism.
The Cook County grand jury’s
action in failing to bring charges!
against any persons actually tak
ing part in the disorders brought
criticism from Chicago civic
groups and individuals.
Th,e State indictments accused'
Konovsky with misconduct in
public office. The others had been
accused of conspiracy, including
conspiracy to injure real estate
values near the apartment build
ing where the rioting took place.
Among those named by the
Cook County jury were George
Leighton, Negro attorney for
Clark; Mrs. Camille De Rose, for- <
mer owner of the apartment
building where Clark had rented
quarters; George C. Adams, Negro
attorney who formerly repre
sented Mrs. De Rose; Charles
Edwards, a Cicero real estate
agent, and Norman Silverman of
North Riverside, another Chicago
suburb. Two policemen had
charged Silverman helped incite
the mob during the rioting.
Freeze Is On in District;
Mercury to Hit 20 Tonight
Button up your overcoat; clamp
on the ear muffs. The weather
forecaster predicts a low of 20 for
tonight in the city, with the ther
mometer congealing at a frigid 14
degrees in the suburbs.
The low last night—at 8:10
a.m.—was 28 in the city, not quite
as low as the 26 predicted. But
it got down to 20 degrees in An
nandale, Va.
The forecaster predicts a high
of 36 today, 30 tomorrow and “no
definitely warmer trend” for the
next two or three days. Overhead
there will be clouds today.
The 28 degrees this morning was
the lowest this month, but the
lowest this season was 25 on No
vember 21. Last February 8 it got
down to a measly 11 degrees, the
Jbwest this year. v
t i
Oliphant Allowed
D. C. Tax Case to
Die, Probers Told
By Cecil Holland and
George Beveridge
An Internal Revenue Bureau
official testified today that Charles
Oliphant, former general counsel
of the bureau, was warned re
peately about the expiration of
the statute of limitations in a tax
case involving two Washington
men—Samuel and Sidney Kolker.
The official, E. Riley Campbell,
said he sent several memoranda
Two More Tax Officiails Ousted From
Posts as Probe Goes on. Page A-2
Ex-Agent Surprised to Hear Caudle Got
Job After FBI Report. Page A-6
to Mr. Oliphant’s office regarding
the case. In one of these memo
randa, it was brought out, Mr.
Campbell urged Mr. Oliphant to
return the case to the Justice De
partment "forthwith” for prose
cution.
The case was aired previously by
the House Ways and Means sub
committee investigating tax scan
dals. It involved the Washington;
Beef & Provision Co. and the l
Witt Co. operated by the Kolkers. ]
To Call Oliphant. I
The subcommittee headed by
Representative King, Democrat, of
California, questioned Mr. Camp
bell about tlie case, as it laid
groundwork for calling Mr.
Oliphant as a witness later in the
day. Mr. Campbell is head of the
Revenue Bureau’s penal division ;
charged with reviewing fraud
cases before they are sent to the
Justice Department for prosecu
tion.
A Justice Department lawyer ;
testified last week that the statute
of limitations was allowed to run
out on two of the best years in- ‘
volved in the case—1942 and 1943 i
—and that prosecution sub
sequently was dropped.
It was brought out earlier that i
i-1 ■■1 --- ■ :
Clark Will Make
No Comment on
Caudle Testimony
Supreme Court Justice Clark
will “follow a long-established
custom” of that tribunal and
make no comment on news
stories or congressional inves
tigation testimony concerning 1
former Assistant Attorney
General Theron Lamar Cau
dle or others, a court official
said today.
This case in response to a
request for comment on a for
mer FBI agent’s statement
that Mr. Clark, while Attor
ney General, received . some
derogatory information in an
FBI report when Mr. Caudle
was being considered for ap
pointment.
Mr. Oliphant, who resigned
•ecently as the bureau’s general 1
counsel, allowed the statute to '
"un out on 1942 because he had
promised to hold a conference!
with Representative Morrison,!
Democrat, of Louisiana about the ■
case.
Forwarded Day Before.
As for the year 1943, the sub- .
committee was told that Mr. .
Dliphant forwarded necessary in
’ormation from the bureau to the
Justice Department only the day ,
Jefore the statute of limitation as ,
0 that year would expire.
Adrian W. De Wind, the sub
committee’s chief counsel, said
■hat “it is clear that responsibility
WMAL and WMAL-FM, The
Evening Star Stations, will i
broadcast a recorded tran- ]
script of today’s testimony be- ]
fore the House committee in
vestigating the tax scandals, i
from 8 to 9 o’clock tonight.
-—--- 1
or the matter rests with Mr. .
Dliphant.” ]
Before calling Mr. Campbell as :
1 witness about the Kolker case, i
;he subcommittee again ques- •
tioned Bert K. Naster, a Holly
wood (Fla.) businessman, about '
the sensational story of a $500,
300 attempted shakedown related 1
to the investigators last week by
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 5.) :
THE SCANDALS
WONT BE AN,
ISSUE IN '52 f
He Doesn't Believe in Santa Claus—or Does He?
Navy to Launch First Atom Sub
In '54, Seeks Funds for Another
Keel of 'Nautilus' Will Be Laid in April;
More 'Super' Aircraft Carriers Seen
By John A. Giles
The Navy will seek funds for a
second atomic-powered submarine
n next year's budget, it was
earned today as the department
announced that the first such
submersible would be given the
listoric name “Nautilus.”
Next year’s Navy budget also
vill contain funds for a second
‘super” aircraft carrier of 58,000
ons under present plans. The
STavy hopes to build one of these:
lattops annually, and, as planes
ret heavier and heavier, requir-|
ng the larger ships, the admirals
see eventual use of the 27,100-ton'
Sssex class carriers in anti-sub
narine warfare work.
The first super carrier will be
>uilt by the Newport News (Va.)
Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
Will Lay Keel Soon.
Planning and design work for
;he Nautilus now has progressed
o the point at the Electric Boat
Co.’s Groton <Conn.) yard that
entative plans call for laying her
ceel next April or May.
The revolutionary-type warship,
vhose propulsion plant is being
iesigned by the Argonne National
Laboratory of the Atomic Energy
Commission and the Westinghouse
Corp,, will be launched in 1954,
if all goes well.
The craft, it Is believed, will be
iround 2,500 tons, somewhat
arger than the Navy's present
leet submarines. Neither the
7avy nor Westinghouse Corp. is
ikely to give any hints about its
performance—assuming it is suc
:essful—until it has met its real
:est on and under the sea.
Top Speed of 35 Knots.
However, the Navy's official pub
ication. All Hands, has said that
in atomic submarine "probably”
vould have a destroyer’s cruising
;peed of 25 knots and could make
i top speed of 35 knots.
With no fuel problem, such a;
vessel’s range would be limited
>nly by the endurance of her offi
:ers and enlisted men.
The new sub will carry a name'
amed in submarine history. From
Robert Fulton’s experimental sub
nersible in 1801 through Jules
/erne’s imaginary craft of
'Twenty Thousand Leagues Un-j
ier the Sea,” and Sir Hubert Wil
kins’ Polar prowler, down to the
Davy’s World War II SS-168, the
Nautilus has been Intimately as
iociated with undersea boats.
The World War n Nautilus was
he first American sub to sink a
Fapanese carrier. It was through
ier periscope that the first pic
,ures of enemy-held territory were
nade—with an officer’s camera,
liater such panoramic views taken
:rom submarines were standard
irocedure before Pacific invasions.
She landed Army scout and
aider units on Attu before the
nvasion of that Aleutian Island,
an supplies to Philippine guer
•illas and evacuated some 200
750,000-Gallon Tank Breaks;
4 Dead, 20 Buildings Razed
By the Associated Press
TUCUMCARI, N. Mex., Dec. 13.
—Four persons were killed and
about 20 buildings were wrecked
today by the pre-dawn collapse
of a 750.000-gallon water tank.
The tank loosed a flood through
the business district about 4:10
a.m. (MST). Water up to waist
deep swept an area four blocks
wide.
There was no immediate ex
planation for the collapse.
Rescuers recovered four bodies.
They were believed to be all the
dead. The last to be found, a
child 3 or 4 years old, was under
a 250-foot section of the tank.
The dead were identified as:
Deal Elliott, about 60; a Mrs.
San Miguel, 45, and her infant
son, and Steve Gallegos, about 14.
Two others were hospitalized
with undetermined injuries—Mrs.
Anthony Gallegos and a small
boy.
Two business places, the city -
warehouse and about 15 homes,
mostly of adobe (mud brick),
were laid waste. Another estab- ,
lishment, a motor firm, was
damaged by water. Pieces of I
%-inch thick steel from the tank
were scattered over a city block.
Engineers said the tank did not
explode and definitely was not
overloaded or under excessive
pressure. Several persons in the
vicinity told of seeing a blue
flame flash along the ground
seconds before the collapse. The
engineers said this might have
been an indication of escaping
?as. ^
persons from the enemy-held
Philippines.
Vice Admiral Charles A. Lock
wood. retired officer who com
manded United States sub forces
in the Pacific in World War II,
has predicted that an atom sub
would “outrun, outfight and out
maneuver the most advanced
snorkel types that Russia is build
ing behind the iron curtain or is
likely to build.’’
Before starting work on the
prototype of the first seagoing
atomic power plant, AEC, Navy
and private industry scientists
had to find materials to withstand
higher temperatures than are
generated within conventional
engines or motors.
Radiation Is Intense.
They also had to determine
what materials would offer the
greatest resistance to damage by
the intense radiation from the
atomic splitting process. The ma
terials must absorb, and thus
waste, a minimum proportion of
neutrons that come from the
controlled splitting of uranium
atoms inside the power plant.
The pre-construction experi
ments also had to solve the prob
lem of providing shielding from
radiation heavy enough to pro
tect both instruments and men
but not too weighty to be housed
in the comparatively small vessel.
Truman Plans to Re-Submit
Papal Envoy Nomination
President Truman said today
that he would re-submit the
nomination of Gen. Mark Clark
to be Ambassador to the Vatican
to the Senate in January. Then,
he said, it will be up to Congress
to take whatever action it chooses.
The President’s statement came
at a news conference after he was
told that Chairman Connally of
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee had said that the con
troversial nomination, which went
to the Hill in the closing hours of
the last Congress would stay in
the committee pigeon-hole.
Arms Progress Lessens
War Chances, Wilson Says
Defense Mobilizer Charles E.i
Wilson said today that the chance
pf another world war has been
essened by the progress toward
-earmament the Nation has made
in the past year.
Mr. Wilson told a National Press
21ub luncheon that the odds on
war have been changed from
‘50-50” a year ago to about “60
L0 against war today.”
“That’s because we have be
:ome measurably stronger in the
Meantime,” he said. “In another
year, in two years, the odds
against war will continue to drop
as our power increases—as we
proceed calmly and unhysterically
to build our might.”
Swiss President Elected
BERN, Switzerland, Dec. 13. UP)
—Defense Minister Karl Kobelt,
80, was elected President of the
Swiss Confederation today for the
year 1952.
Violet Petals Used
to Championship
Cocktail of Year
■y the Associated Press
PARIS, Dec. 13.—A cocktail
with violet petals sprinkled in it
won the 1951 championship of
Prance last night for Michel
Pilippi, 28, a bartender from Nice.
Other ingredients: Equal parts
pf gin and dry vermouth, two i
lashes creme de cacao, spot of
tirsch, a strong liquer; orange
peel. j
Dairy Employe Held
In Hil-ancf-Run Death
Of Widowed Mother
Suspect's Car Found
With Dented Fender at
Home in Silver Spring
A middle - aged Washington
dairy employe was arrested today
as a suspect in the hit-and-run
death of Mrs. Anna Klein, 65. of
505 Longfellow street N.W. yes
terday. %
The man. taken into custody at
his place of employment, refused
to deny or confirm whether it was
his car that struck the widowed
mother of five children at Fifth
and Longfellow streets N.W.
Fender Dented, Light Twisted.
A black sedan answering th<
description witnesses gave of th<
hit-and-run car was found b;
police at the man’s home in Sil
ver Spring, Md. The right fen
der was dented and a right head
light was twisted out of position
The right fender bore signs o:
having been newly cleaned, polic<
said.
Chemical tests were ordered t<
determine if blood had beer
cleaned from the car and its pain
was being compared with blacP
paint which had scraped off on s
broom Mrs. Klein was carrying
when she was hit.
Capt. William J. Liverman o]
the Accident Invesigation Unit
said the suspect admitted his cai
had been in the vicinity of Fifth
and Longfellow streets N.W., yes
terday afternoon.
Witnesses Telephone Police.
He was arrested after two per
sons telephoned Capt. Livermar
this morning after reading news
paper - ccounts of Mrs. Klein’s
death and furnished the license
number of the suspect's car.
Mrs. Klein was the year's 67th
traffic victim. She is survived bj
three daughters, Miss Lucy Klein
with whom she lived; Mrs. Sam
uel Yeager of 3301 Military roac
N.W., and Miss Shirley Klein ol
San Francisco, and two sons
Abraham Klein of 800 Philadel
phia avenue. Silver Spring, Md.(
and David Klein of 1418 Irving
street N.W.
Fort Meade Soldier Killed
And 4 Hurt in Car Crash
A Fort Meade. Md„ soldier was
killed and four other servicemen
were injured when the car in
which they were riding rammed
into a telephone pole on the
Baltimore - Washington boulevard
in Berwyn early today. Prince
Georges County police reported.
Police Pvt. W. P. Wiseman
identified the dead man as Ray
Field McDowell, 27, colored, of
Roanoke, Va., attached to com
pany M of the 2053d ASU at Fort
Meade.
The soldier was driving the
southbound car and apparently
fell asleep, police said. The acci
dent occurred about 4 a.m.
The injured were identified as:
John T. Callis, 20. a Navy en
listed man attached to the Naval
Receiving Station at Anacostia,
who had hitched a ride with the
soldiers: Clarence Smith, 21, col
ored: Ernest N. Hines, 24. colored,
and Karl Jenfer, 18, colored, all
three of Fort Meade and attached
to the same unit as McDowell.
Senator Taft to Have
His Tonsils Removed
By the Associated Press
CINCINNATI, Dec. 13.—Senator
raft will have his tonsils removed
tomorrow, a member of the family
mnounced today.
The Senator, a candidate for
;he Republican Nomination for
president, expects to leave the
lospital Sunday.
Senator Taft’s campaign plans
sail for little activity until after
lie holidays. M
7
U. S. Jet Pilots
Shoot Down 13
MIGs in Korea
Ace Gets 4, Arlington
Flyer Bags 1; Infantry
Makes Minor Attacks
By the Associated Press
' SEOUL, Korea, Dec. 13. —
American Sabre Jet pilots won
history’s biggest all-jet victory
today. They bagged 13 Commu
nist MIGs, probably knocked
down two others and damaged
one in two slashing air battles
over North Korea.
Four of the MIGs went down
before the blazing guns of Amer
Allies Demond Pledge Against Death
March" in Prisoner Exchange. Page A-4
ica’s hottest jet ace, Maj. George
A. Davis, jr., of Lubbock, Tex. In
16 days he has bagged 12 planes,
including nine MIGs.
One of the pilots reporting a
“kill” was Lt. John W. Honaker
of 809 North Kenmore street,
Arlington. A veteran of the MIG
Alley battles, he was credited
with damaging a Russian-made
jet on September 20 and with
shooting down an enemy LA-9 on
November 30.
On the ground, a series of minor
battles flared today as Allied in
fantrymen carried the wrar to the
Reds for the second time in 24
I hours.
The 5th Air Force said none
of the Sabre jets was shot down,
;but one ran out of fuel, caught
! fire and crashed. A helicopter
j rescued the pilot.
| Outnumbered More Than 2 to 1.
Heavily outnumbered Sabres
knocked down four MIGs and
damaged one in a morning bat
tle over Sinanju in Northwest
Korea.
Nine more MIGs were destroyed
in the afternoon. Pilots reported
two probables.
Sixty-four Sabres were matched
against 145 MIGs in the two bat
| ties.
; Maj. Davis bagged two planes
in each fight.
“Yea, I went up twice today.”
he said. “We were just north of
the Sinanju River when we saw
I a flight of about 50 MIGs. I just
fed my 12 planes into the middle
of them.”
Maj. Davis, who said the after
noon battle was “pretty easy,”
thought alt the Communist pilots
encountered today were Chinese,
but he declined to say why. “They
. really had their culls up there to
' day,” he said.
j Allied Troops Attack Again.
United States 8th Army head
1 quarters said an Allied raiding
1 team battled Red ground troops
north of Korangpo on the western
front most of this morning. The
raiders returned to their own lines
before noon under cover of an
artillery barrage.
An Allied unit battled for seven
hours yesterday with Red troops
south of Panmunjom, site of the
truce talks.
On the' eastern front Allied
troops threw back three Red prob
ing jabs today west of the Mun
dung Valley. The central front
was quiet.
| Allied infantrymen reported 51
Reds killed or wounded in yes
terday’s tank-supported raid.
The fight was out of sight and
J range of the truce talks but it
was inside the proposed 21/2-mile
wide buffer zone. Truce negoti
ators could hear the roar of
artillery.
The Allies ran into a Chinese
company, which was soon in
creased to almost a battalion.
Casualties Drop Off.
It was the same kind of attack
the Reds have been throwing
against the Allies at various
points for two weeks. But this one
was bigger, and tanks were used.
Communist casualty figures re
leased today by the 8th Army viv
idly illustrated the drop in action.
In the first seven days of De
cember. the 8th Army said the
Reds lost 2,225 killed, 1,186
wounded and 77 prisoners, a total
of 3,488. The week before the
figures were 6,256 killed, 3.837
wounded and 89 prisoners, a total
of 10,182.
Allied casualties were only a
small fraction of these figures.
They are not announced from
Korea.
Featured Reading
Inside Today s Star
LADY LOBBYISTS—Midnight oil is
replacing glamour os a major asset of
women registered as lobbyists on Capi
tol Hill. Stor Reporter Robert K.
Walsh writes about woman's place in
lobbying on page A-24.
SPARE THE ROD—Kind words hava
replaced corporal punishment in the
disciplinary system at the Boys' Villaga
of Maryland and are proving more
effective. Star Reporter Charles G.
Brooks tells of progressive methods in
stituted at the State training school
for colored delinquents. Page A-29.
MILITARY NOTES—News notes on
the activities of Washington orea men
have been compiled from far-off places
as well as in this country. They make
interesting reading for friends and
relatives on Page A-37.
NEWS OF FOOD-The Alaskan
King Crab is bidding for a featured
spot on local menus. Violet Faulkner
describes the process of getting the
jumbo crabs to Washington markets
on page B-l.

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