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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 09, 1952, Image 5

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Constantine Brown: ***, ^
Deeds Count More Than Words
Europe Still Looks Askance at Expensive Torrent of Words
Coming From Official U. S. Propaganda Sources
It fc deeds and not words that
count in relationships between
Individuals as well as nations.
Efforts to show friendship by
words are of little value; they
are considered by intelligent
people as propaganda and are .
looked on with suspicion.
For this reason the request
that Congress appropriate about'
$170 million this year for the
Voice of America and the United
States Information Service is
being received coldly by a large
number of legislators.
The U. S. S. R. and her satel
lites alone are making efforts to
demonstrate the blessings of
their institutions and political
philosophy to the world by pour
ing out millions of words daily.
These governments can offer
nothing more than words. It is
true that the Kremlin has cap
tured some 600 million since
V-J day. But these unfortu
nates were drawn behind the
Iron Curtain not because they
believed Moscow’s words but be
cause force and conspiratorial
methods were used against them.
In the five years since our
Government -'went into the
propaganda business on a large
scale it has reaped no tangible
results. Most of the Western
Europeans still do not know us
and a marked anti-American
feeling frequently is noticeable
in France and Great Britain.
Our propaganda efforts in the
West have fallen flat because
people do not trust words com
ing from foreigners and believe
their own people who frequently
minimize our actions and sac
rifices for their own political
ends. Yet it would seem to the
average American that the ac
tual deeds we have done for the
well-being and security not only
of our Allies but all other na
tions should not require words
to convince them that we are
their friends.
Neither Britain nor France is
making any effort to gain the
friendship of the/American peo
ple. That friendship exists in
our hearts. The death of King
George VI and the accession to
the throne of Queen Elizabeth
II have received about as much
coverage by the American press
and radio as the death of presi
dent Roosevelt. This was not a
“synthetic” job of the British
propaganda. It had nothing to
do with it. The American peo
ple were not interested in these
developments because royalty
was involved. This has long
since ceased to be spectacular.
The interest of ail Americans,
from taxi drivers to top busi
ness executives and politicians,
in the change in personalities
on the British throhe was
prompted by a genuine friendly
interest in Britain itself. The
British need not spend millions
to convince us of their loyalty to
the same aims we ourselves
have. Their speaker^ who ad
dress various organizations in
this country are not paid by the
British government. They re
ceive remunerative fees from
the American organizations that
book them for speeches. And the
same thing applies to the
French and other Europeans
who can express thelnselves in
telligibly in English.
Since 1940 this country has
been more than liberal toward
the nations which have shared
our anxiety to keep freedom un
impaired against its enemies.
These deeds of the American
people are not entirely unselfish.
The allies’ fight against tyranny
was also ours. It happened that
we were more fortunate in pos
sessing resources they no longer
had. If these facts were to be
stressed to our European friends
in a manner they could easily
understand, the present recrimi
nations, doubts and suspicions
would not exist. Unfortunately,
in spite of the many millions
which we have spent since 1946
on official Government propa
ganda, little progress has been
made toward that goal.
Politics being what it is in
democratic countries, it is not
"Surprising to see so many
members of Parliament in Eng
land expressing themselves so
strongly against the United
States. Their virulent words can
be written off as “polities.” But
it is serious when Americans
who visit England find these
views shared by the man in the
street who generally has little
idea of America’s contribution
to his present precarious wel
fare. The English John Q. Citi
zen does not know what this
country has done for him—ex
cept that he is being told that
we want to drag him into a
third world war—because the
previous government found it
inappropriate to stress America’s
help and our own people give
him dissertations and not the
lacts of life.
A similar situation, only more
serious than in Britain, exists in
France and most of the other
Western European countries.
The “intellectual” approach or
the emphasis on our remarkable
productivity and our lavish way
of life does not impress favor
ably the French or the Italian
man in the street. The approach
of his own Communist or pinko
liberal propagandists is far more
effective than broadcasts from
organizations known to be offi
cial American propaganda out
fits. We have done so many
deeds to show our interest and
friendship toward our Allies
that the present misunderstand
ing should not exist. Some new
method of approach may have
to be devised by our Govern
ment to bring them to the at
tention of our friends across the
Lowell Mellett:
Turning a Boom let Into a Boom
That May Be Consequence of Truman's Strange Maneuvering
Concerning Senator Kefauver's Presidential Candidacy
I don’t meet anybody expe
rienced in politics who thinks
Estes Kefauver has a dog’s
chance — even a ’coondog's
chance—to win the Democratic
nomination for President. It
Just isn’t in the cards, say the
experts, one and all. This be
ing the case, it has become very
hard to understand the panicky
behavior of his principal oppo
nents, the Truman organization
men and Mr. Truman himself.
It is generally agreed that
Mr. Truman will be renominated
if he wishes to be. It is gen
erally agreed further that he
will nave a decisive voice in
the selection of the nominee if
he decides it shall be some
body else. The party in its wis
dom will not name a standard
bearer repugnant to the retir
ing President, one he cannot
support wholeheartedly with
his voice and his advice during
the campaign.
So it is clear that Senator
Kefauver’s candidacy is no
threat to the President’s own, if
he Is a candidate. It should be
clear also that Senator Kefau
ver’s enterprise need not inter
fere greatly with the President’s
desire for a nominee he con
siders more suitable, if it isn’t
to be himself. It need not, that
Is, unless the President and
his friends by their own awk
ward maneuvering build the
Kefauver boomlet into a real
boom, with wide popular sup
port. Some days it seems they
are determined to do just that.
The back-and-forthing con
cerning the New Hampshire
primary, with the President in
one day, out the next and then
back in again, has been an al
most incredible performance.
If the President wins against
Kefauver, the political signifi
cance will be virtually nothing.
If however, he fails to beat
Kefauver the political signifi
cance, from Truman’s stand
point, will be awful. Indeed, the
consequences will be serious un
less he not only beats Kefauver
but beats him badly.
As this is recognized we will
see the administration forces,
including the National Commit
tee, nominally neutral in intra
party fights, putting tremendous
effort into that little New
England State. New Hampshire
Democrats may begin to see the
contest as one between the man
and the machine. How they will
react is anybody’s guess. Sena
tor George Aiken from neigh
boring Vermont guesses they
will react against the machine.
If that proves to be true it will
be a sad day for the President.
His ability to control the com
ing convention will no longer
be certain.
The President, of course, has
been in a difficult spot. His sense
of duty, which is very real, and
his political convictions, which
are very strong, have given him
a hard problem, the same one
Roosevelt faced twice. He was
doing all right with the prob
lem, handling it with a finesse
equal to that of the Old Master,
until Kefauver upset the pro
gram by refusing to stand back
and wait with the other boys.
The President started making
mistakes. Fairly openly he
undertook to penalize Kefauver
for his brashness, which he had
no right to do and which in any
case was not good politics.
The President had every rea
son to believe that he could re
capture in the convention all or
nearly all of the votes that Ke
fauver might collect in the pri
maries. That is, he could unless
he made the Kefauver delegates
mad. If he didn’t want them
for himself he could have turned
them over to some one of his
choosing—assuming it was a
good choice, say an Adlai
Stevenson, and not a bad choice,
say a Robert Kerr. Now that
he is making the Kefauver
forces stubbornly angry, it may
be a different stoiy.
Mr. Average Citizen Finds D. C.
Beyond His Understanding
By Hoi Boyle
Alloci<ited Prill Staff Writer
WUbur Peeble. America’s most
average citizen, today suddenly
called off his one-man investiga
tion of the Federal Government.
He tells why in this final letter
to his wife Trellis Mae:
Dearest Honey,
Well, I give up!
I came here as a patriotic duty,
trying to find out what really is
going on in the National Capital.
But it is simply too much for one
mind, no matter how gifted. You
haye to be a paper clip to really
get the feel of Washington.
My arches are flat from walking
on marble floors all day, and I’m
suffering from martini-arthritis.
Also. I’m broke. I told the
hotel clerk I would probably have
„o go out on the highway and
hitch a ride home.
“A lot of our visitors leave that
way,’’ he said, cheerfully. “Come
back after the November election
They always button up here a
little before election.”
Almost Run Down.
Now, that was a typical remark.
They figure nobody comes to
Washington except to look for a
' job. and nobody leaves unless he
is disappointed.
You almost became a widow
yesterday. I was passing a Gov
ernment office building just be
fore dusk. The doors opened and
a mob of people rushed out and
ran over me. I jumped up and
yelled to a fellow:
“There must’ve been an explo
sion in there. Come on. Let’s
go in and help bring out the
“There’s nothing wrong,” he
said. "It’s just Quitting time.”
I fell in step with him, and he
"You know, a lot of folks have
got the wrong idea about us Gov
ernment employes. They think
we’re 'all loafers. But we work
as hard as anybody. I wish some
of them that criticize us just had
my job.”
Then he paused in alarm, and
“What am I saying? I don’t
mean that.”
I decided I ought to pay mj
respects to President Truman
before getting out of town.
» But, I didn’t get to see the Pres
ident. One of his hired hands
apologized, and said: “He’; busy
right now reading a book some
body sent him called 'How to Live
on a Small Income in Florida.”’
But I’ll tell you. Trellis Mae,
the President is the only relaxed
man in town. He’s having more
fun than a circus, because he’s
the only man here who knows for
sure what he’s going to do—and
hasn’t satd what it is.
The Democrats all say, “Of
course, he’s going to run.” And
the Republicans all say, “I just
wish he’d run again—or do I?
Nobody can rear back and pass a
second miracle—or can he?”
So I’m coming home, before
they start investigating my inves
tigation. It is all too much for
Your loving husband,
'Local Leave' Goes Far
SAIGON, Indo-China (A*). —
There’s nothing like taking a long
“local leave.” Miss Betsy Arm
inger, employe of the American
Mutual Security Administration
here, decided to do something dif
ferent during her 30 days. She
boarded « round-the-world plane.
She’ll stop at her home in Los
Angeles before returning to her
Saigon job.
One Moment
With God
Putor, National Presbyterian Church.
“The occupant of the presidency
is little better than a murderer.
He is treacherous in private
friendships, a hypocrite in public
life, ap imposter'-who has either
abandoned all good principles or
else never had any.”
These words were spoken about
our first President, whom we now
venerate. No one escapes criticism.
The more conspicuous the man,
the more exposed he is to criti
cism. The way one bears it is all
John lS:2t-3S.
Prayer: O God, I thank Thee
for all great and good men who
* bear criticism nobly. Amen. |
Japanese Thought Police
Taken Off Purge List
•y th« Auociatcd Preu
TOKYO, Feb. 8.—The Japanese
government today announced that
128 former admirals and generals
had been removed from the purge
list, including 17 high officers of
the once-dreaded thought police.
Occupation authorities previ
ously had turned down a Japanese
government request to take off the
purge liet a large number of
Kempei Tei (thought police) offi
One civilian, prewar Foreign
Minister Hachiro Arita, also was
removed from the purge list.
Others included Gen. Shigeru
Hasunuma, wartime military aide
to Emperor Hirohito, and Gen.
Kazushige Ugaki, former governor
general of Korea.
All were banned from public
life by occupation authorities, who
now are reducing the purge lists.
Platinum Wrjst Watch
Is Reported Missing
A platinum jwr 1st watch witl) 30
full-cut diamonds has been re
ported missing by Mr. and Mrs.
Arthur Pomponio, 880 North Jack
sonville street, Arlington, police
reported today.
Detective Capt. C. Burns Press
ley said Mr. Pomponio, a builder,
reported that the house had not
been broken into to his knowl
edge. A check of trash trucks was
requested by Mr. Pomponio, who
said his wife had been house
LOUIE —By Harry Hanan
n R
"3 complaints
I t t
Fletcher Knebel:
Potomac Fever
President Truman congratulates the Boy Scouts on their 42d
anniversary. The remarks were delivered in person—he just
doesn’t trust himself anjr more near pencil and paper.
* * * *
The Internal Re^gnue Bureau says you don't have to file
your income tax return this year until March 17. This gives you
two extra days to realize that there’s a big difference between
success and failure—and all of it belongs to the Government.
* * * *
Chairman Sabath urges his House Rules Committee to approve
an Investigation of corruption in the Nation’s sports. Democrats
are true scientists of government. They want to show they
banned corruption from Washington—until it passed a fair test
in the field.
* • * *
Winnie Ruth Judd is back in the Arizona pokey after her fifth
escape. Mrs. Judd respects the institution’s rules, especially the
one about making visits as brief as possible.
, * * * *
The I. C. C. raises train fares for commuters to Eastern cities.
A commuter is a fellow who dashes to make the 8:05 so he’ll have
plenty of time at the office to call his wife and tell her he forgot
to fix the pump.
* * * *
Assistant Air Secretary Gilpatric says high costs have forced
the Air Force to delay peak bomber production. War is getting
so expensive that nobody can afford to fight one until he’s
Commissioners Asked
To Help Standardize
Primary Voting Here
The District Coihmissioners yes
terday were asked to meet with
local Republican and Democratic
Party officials to decide on stand
ardizing general primary voting
rules here And establishing a sin
gle polling day for both parties,
Commissioner P. Joseph Dono
hue, a Democrat, has promised to
recommend that the Commission
ers take such action next Tuesday,
according to Robert E. McLaugh
lin, spokesman for the District’s
Eteenhower-for-President Club.
Mr. McLaughlin yesterday de
livered a written request to Com
missioner John Russell Young, and
later discussed the subject with
Mr. Donohue. The District League
of Women Voters also has filed a
similar request with Mr. Young.
Voters Apathetic.
The Republican spokesman said
that in past primaries here there
has been apathy toward voting for
the six delegates and six alternates
which the District sends to each
party convention.
In the 1948 primaries, for ex
ample, only 400 Republicans and
less than 500 Democrats registered
and voted here, he said. The
figure should run to thousands,
he added.
Mr. McLaughlin blamed this
circumstance on the public con
fusion over voting rules, dates and
Proposal Outlined.
He said It would be In the In
terest of both parties to have the
Commissioners set aside polling
places, like firehouses; help both
parties get together bn uniform
registration rules and the number
of voting precincts, and announce
a date for both primaries.
Mr. McLaughlin emphasized
that the District’s six convention
votes could be “most important”
in a close race. This is because
the District stands of the bottom
of both cohvention roll calls. Also,
as far as the Republican Party is
concerned, one State has fewer
delegates and another the same
number as the District.
Military Waste
(Continued From First Page.)
into standard buying practices for
a wide range of military items.
Paul Monahan, committee in
vestigator, said the military serv
ices maintain separate catalogues
—some 5 feet long—containing
thousands of Individual items.
One lists 1,200 different kinds of
He said combining these into a
central catalogue would mean a
substantial saving.
Mr. Monahan said also he has
discovered “numerous” instances
where the services have paid dif
ferent prices for identical articles.
These range from a few cents to
$8 a pair for winter boots and
“probably much more in electron
ics equipment.”
The Army last night issued a
defense against charges it was
paying different prices for identi
cal items. It said reports were
"misleading” and based on “mis
Military purchasing officers will
Notice it hereby given that the regular annual meeting of the contributor*
of the United Jewish Appedl of Greater Washington, Inc., will bo hold in
the Flamingo Room of the Hotel Ambassador, 14th and K Streets, Northwest,
Washington, D. C., on Tuesday, February 19, 1952, at eight-thirty o'clock
p.m., for the following purposes, to wit: (1) to elect a Board of Trustees
of said United Jewish Appeal of Greater Washington, Inc., to serve for
and during the ensuing year; (2) to review and past upon such reports at
may be presented; (3) to consider and act upon any other business that may
bo brought before said meeting.
WashingnTon, 0. C Secretory, United Jewish Appeal
February 9, 1*2 of Greater Washington, Inc
rp ' - I1
be questioned on these and other
iJbints in hearings in a room dec
orated with mounted examples of
exhibits illustrating price and
identification differences.
Procurement Chief Explains.
The Army statement was issued
at a Pentagon news conference at
which Maj. Gen. J. K. Christmas,
chief of the Army’s procurement
section, explained various alleged
One example, aired by a con
gressional committee, said that
the Army Engineers paid 11 cents
for 25-watt light bulbs, the Army
Medical Corps 13 cents and the
Signal Corps 37 cents.
The Army said the 37-cent
bulbs amounted to only $41.07
of a $341,944 contract for
aircraft artillery spotting
The bulbs had to be specially
packed and handled for the highly
technical operation, it was stated.
Another example was the alle
gation that the Army bought olive
drab blankets for $8.56 each while
its medical department paid $21.75
and the General Services Admin
istration had bought still other
blankets for $4.65.
The Army said flatly this ex
ample provided no basis for com
parison because the medical
blankets had to be 100 per cent
wool, larger and capable of with
standing sterilization.
Gen. Christmas and his aides
had more difficulty in explaining
price difference in combat boots
for the Army and Marine Corps.
The Marines paid $16.80 per pair
last year and the Army $24.65.
The Army said that it bought
some of its boot from the same
firm that had supplied the Ma
rines but that the Army’s version
had included improvements.
Neither the general nor his as
sistants were immediately able to
explain the improvements. I
Federal Ownership
Of Steel Would Please
Some, Moreell Says
By the Associated tmt
NEW YORK, Feb. A top
steel company executive said to
day some persons “would wel
come” the failure of his industry
so that “Government would have
to step in and take over.” >
Ben Moreell, chairman of the
board of the Jones <te Laughlin
Steel Corp., told a Wage Stabiliza
tion Board panel that CIO wage
demands would more than wipe
out all his firm’s income before
taxes “even when operating at
He was the first witness as the
steel industry started its sixth day
of testimony before the panel
seeking to avert a threatened
February 24 strike by 650,000
members of the CIO United
Steelwsrkers.' The unioh is de
manding an 18!2-cent-an-hour
wage increase and other benefits.
Industry’s Size Cited.
Mr. Moreell said in a prepared
statement that many persons be
lieve the great size of the steel
industry "alone gives it strength.”
He said that “nothing can be
farther from the truth,” and con
tinued: <
“Failure to earn enough to
maintain financial strength would
result in such weakness that the
industry could no longer do the
constructive and expanding job
which is expected of it and which
is essential for the economy of the
“There may be some who would
welcome such failure, and its in
evitable consequence—that Gov
ernment would have to step in and
take over the industry.”
He did not identify~those he said
would like to see the steel industry
Referring to his own firm, Mr.
Moreell said its earnings in recent
years were good compared with
the past, "but inadequate when
compared to earnings of other in
Estimates Cost.
Union demands. Mr. Moreell
said, are “fantastically large.” He
said the total cost to his company
of granting all the union demands
“would soon amount to at least
$1.08 per hour.” This estimate
was one of tbs highest made by
industry officials at the hearing.
Such an increase, he added,
would cost Jones Sc Laughlin $95
million based on peak 1951 opera
tions. “Our earnings before taxes
for the year (1951) were $85 mil
lion,” he added.
“The Government,” he con
tinued, “would lose, heavily since
our estimated bill for Federal in
come and excess profits taxes for
1951 is over $50 million.”
He said his firm would need
price increases if any part of the
union wage demands are granted.
The Jones Sc Laughlin firm also
issued a statement today reject
ing all the union demands.
Dr. Heath Reports Monday
Dr. Frederick C. Heath, who re
signed as health officer for Fair
fax County, Va., to accept the post
of Assistant Director of Public
Health for the District, will report
for duty Monday morning, Direc
tor of Public Health Daniel L.
Seckinger announced today.
Capehart Seeks Early Action
IIn Senate on Abolishing RFC
ly the Awociatod Pratt /
Senator Capeharf, Republican,
of Indiana said today he will ask
the Senate to set aside other busi
ness and immediately take up a
bill to abolish the much-investi
gated Reconstruction Finance
The Senate Banking Committee
already has agreed to seek an
early showdown on this measure
and a second by Senator Ful
bright, Democrat, of Arkansas to
make certain reforms in the
Senator Capehart told a re
porter he believes President Tru
man’s new feud with the Senate
over the RFC is boomeranging.
He said Mr. Truman’s actions
are “making many votes for the
proposition of putting this unnec
essary and costly lending agency
out of business.” •
Mr. Truman and the Senate
Banking Committee are at ldgger
heads over the President’s attempt
to install Harry A. McDonald as
the RFC’e chief without waiting
for a House Commerce subcom
mittee to wind up an investiga
tion of the Security and Exchange
Commission which Mr. McDonald
now heads.
The SEC is under scrutiny of
the House subcommittee following
charges, of fraud in its operations.
None of the accusations was aimed
specifically at Mr. McDonald, the
SEC’s chairman, who says he has
done nothing wrong.
The Banking Committee has re
fused to approve Mr. McDonald
for the post before the House baa
finished its investigation.
One basis for the demand to
abolish the RFC was a banking
subcommittee accusation last
spring that the agency yielded to
improper pressures of an influence
ring which, it said, had contacts
in the White House Itself.
“The Banking Committee has
proved beyond all question that '
the RFC has been used for the
benefit of political favorites at
the taxpayers’ expense,” Senator
Capehart said. “And It is now
clear that no law can be devised ■
which will keep it free of influence.
We should get rid of it.”
Senate Democratic Leader Mc
Farland told a reporter “we are
not going to displace the statehood
bills to make room for this mat
But Senator Capehart said he
expects enough votes are avail
able to override that decision.
“President Truman is talking
now of taking over the RFC and
running it himself.” Senator Cape
hart said. “I believe the Senate
will not like such a move. I
don’t, for one. I think it has
strengthened the movement for
abolishing the RFC entirely, and
getting rid of this problem.”
Senator Capehart said he would
make his request for quick Sen
ate action at the earliest possible
time—February 18. The Senate
plans to transact no business be
(Continued Prom First Page.)
headed by Representative King,
Democrat, of California.
Representative Keogh, Demo
crat, of New York, subjected Mr.
Doolan to a rigorous cross-exami
nation. Republican Representa
tive Byrnes of Wisconsin, on the
other hand, strongly supported
the witness in an examination he
Unsatisfactory in 1936.
Mr. McKenney said he found
the San Francisco office unsatis
factory in his first visit here in
1936. At the time he said John
V. Lewis, then the collector, asked
him if he knew what they did
with supervisors they did not like.
Mr. McKinney said he replied
he did not know and quoted Mr.
Lewis as replying:
“We throw them out the win
He said that Smyth, recently
indicted after being fired as col
lector, once told him he knew
"everything” Mr. McKenney re-'
ported to Washington.
“What interpretation did you
place on Smyth’s statement?”
asked Representative Curtis, Re
publican, of Nebraska.
“I presume that he was trying
to intimidate me or else he
was very close to the' commis
sioner’s office,” Mr. McKenney
Mr. McKenney testified that he
tinned in a critical report on the
local office in 1936 and was re
buked by Oeorge J. Schoeneman,
who later became commissioner.
At the time Mr. Schoeneman was
a deputy commissioner.
The hearings will resume Mon
day with Mr. Doolan returning
for further testimony.
Call NA. 4589
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Hyattsville Bailding Associatioi
Ambrose loses in Fight
To Set Aside Sentence
Harold P. Ambrose, former
special assistant to the Postmaster
General, yesterday lost a plea in
District Court to have his 2-to-7
year prison sentence set aside.
The plea was denied by Judge
James R. Kirkland who sentenced
Ambrose in January, 1951, for
larceny after trust of $50,000 in
a stamp deal. t
Ambrose told Judge Kirkland
that before being sentenced he
had been assured by an attorney
that he would be given a 90-day
suspended jail sentence. Later,
Ambrose contended he was told
by someone else that Judge Kirk
land would sentence him to serve
from two to six years. Ambrose
had entered a guilty plea before
Judge Henry A. Schweinhaut.
In refusing to set the sentence
aside. Judge Kirkland said there
was no substance to Ambrose’s
contentions. The judge also de
clared that he never announces
in advance the sentence he in
tends to impose and that Ambrose
could have received assurance
from any member of the District
bar that there would be no
suspended sentence in a $50,000
theft case.
Ambrose is serving the prison,
term at Petersburg, Va.
L_j home widim
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