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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 29, 1952, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1952-02-29/ed-1/seq-12/

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* fllPAY, fahruary »f, IfH
The Fight Should Go On
Ordinarily the Senate's decision to send the
Alaskan ‘Statehood bill back to committee, with
instructions to consider not only that bill but
a new proposal for an Ineffectual substitute for
statehood for both Alaska and Hawaii, would be
regarded as a disastrous defeat for both meas
ures. The vote to recommit was so close (46-441,
however, that advocates of statehood for the
Territories have good cause to keep up the fight.
There is more than an even chance that the
Benate next week will reconsider its vote—and
reconsideration might well change a threatened
defeat into victory.
Seven Senators were absent during last
Wednesday's vote on the recommittal motion
and any one of them could force another vote.
Several of the absentees are known to favor
statehood. President Truman's refusal to accept
the recommittal vote as final will give courage
to the "never-say-dle" movement. With the
Senate in recess until Monday, there will be
time for some of the absentees to return to the
floor before the two-day limit on reconsideration
expires.
Regardless of the outcome of the recon
sideration movement, Chairman O'Mahoney of
the Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Com
mittee, is warranted its pressing for a vote on
statehood for Hawaii. Inclusion of Hawaii In
the recommittal motion was a maneuver that
apparently was Intended to shelvt the whole
s'atehood question for this session. But Hawaiian
* atehood is too Important to be so casually
disposed of, The Benate should fane this Issue
forthrightly, by voting on it directly.
Sitpack In Indo-Chlno
In withdrawing hit French and Viat-Nam#**
troop* from Hob fllnti In NoHHefn indo-Ohlna,
dcnaral Raoul Asian haa aooahl to dispel the
Impression lliai the mov« represent* a vletnry
of adds tor Ilia Communist foree*. According to
hla iNplanailon, tfir place He* been abandoned
ill legalise (lie ftiepiv'a imnatrbfJlIon of by*
liKaatflf roada Ha* deirtivirt It of It* Mmer •Ufa
iiifioMHea aa a lilghwev genler, and ill because
♦Hi tHen who Hava Hen* Holding 11 ean He am*
plpyed (o Heller advantage behind a aHorlened
gie perimeter around MshhH-4 poeltlnh IH
M ami g«| reifv for a oflifta
, Whw « afrietly Mpery elshAgHlhH fbt* M>
Mihihhh may Hi gwgetHei amthrt, flit! hH«
affvwg in IHa capita ally nf Nalgmt Hava iffia
pbaaM Hill IHa people nl ldddif»HIH*j hhI M
HiaiillHti Nmiiliesal Aala a« a wlmle, are likely In
l|ba ilia view ilia! ilia development adds iip In
f> setback fur France and file free world el
lira*, ai any rale, m a iivacHnlnaical sense,
Meneral fin f'lii Mlnli and Ida Hnimnmiiaf cun*
trolled guerrilla frnnna can make e Ini nf »rdflft»
ginda mu nf Hie event Fur llua Minin whether
nr nnt It Has Inst Its etrataale aignlHpgnee, la a
Hint that French commander* vuwed they wuulrt
never again give up wlmn they recaptured It last
November. Further, their withdrawal from »he
place has been described in sume reports as their
first "major retreat" in 16 months, and Red
China and the Soviet Union—both of which are
supporting Ho and his guerrlllas—certalnly will
capitalize on that.
Accordingly, although General Salan has
minimized the significance of Hoa Blnh's aban
donment, the move's over-all effect will be any
thing but encouraging to those people in Indo
china and elsewhere in Asia who are anxious to
stem the further advance of the Red tide. The
French and their Vlet-Nameae allies still speak
confidently of ultimate victory over there, but It
In clear—especially because of the support being
given Ho by Peiping and the Kremlin—that they
are a long way from such victory.
Victor Hugo No Red
An Associated Press dispatch from Paris
•ays: "The Communists are trying to annex one
Of France’s greatest writers—Victor Hugo," and
goes on to explain that Russia Is bringing out
0 special postage stamp for the sesqulcentennlal
Of the famous novelist's birth and that his
great-grandson, Jean Hugo, has gone to Moscow
to assist In the ceremonies scheduled to take
place there. Meanwhile, Jean's brother and
■lster. disagreeing with his attitude toward the
Soviets' procedures, are taking part In the cele
bration arranged by the French government.
Of course, there Is nothing now about the
Reds desiring to add the author of "Lcs Mlscra
bles" to their gallery of celebrities. The extreme
radicals of his own time attempted to take him
Into their camp. Hugo was a member of the
political Left In 1850, but the Left of those days
Was relatively a conservative group. It certainly
Aid not accept Marx or the Communist Mapl
festo. On the contrary, It was a. mlddle-of-the
road affiliation, yielding neither to revolution
aries nor to reactionaries. The "movement to
ward democracy" was Important to Hugo, but,
like Abraham Lincoln in America, he was op
posed to mobs, ragged and sllk-hattcd alike.
Born a royalist, the biographer of Jean
Valjean had been a king's favorite, a number of
the Chamber of Peers, a believer In the status
quo even when the status quo mostly was a
missing quantity. But events had Influenced
him as they did the majority of his contempo
raries, Concerning his experience, he wretei
"tty degrees , , , 1 came to embrace the Ideas
bf my age and my country," Th«s« were liberal
as opposed to dogmatic, humanitarian rather
than rigidly partisan, Hugo# Wittes filled him
Inconsistent when He "passed from the ruling
party t« the side nt the oppressed."
Hut "Hes Miserable#" was yet trbf djm«
meneedi1 it wm written meetly t« IHHii while
ttuit was In eglle *n the Island of Huwneey,
troxwi^d by the dictate he had d«|gnated
•napoleon the Little," The book, enormously
popular, made the author a millionaire, in the
troubles which ended in the collapse of the
empire of his enemy and the rebirth of the
French republic, he "was one el those who tried
to bring about conciliation between the more
moderate factions in the @enter and Left,"
When Anally he died, In 1886, the Prime Minister
of France announcedi "democracy everywhere
laments his passing,"
Sinaior Aunt// Announea
The developing strategy of the Southern
PemwrM# to put together a strong blog with
whtoh they pan mgneuver Influentially In the
party'e presidential convention registered a long
stride forward yeaterday with Senator Ituasell'a
announcement that ha la a candidate for the
top of tha ticket.
In both experience and personality tha
Oeorgian possesses the qualities of leadership
which can be moat useful to thia faotion of the
party. He has had long aervloe In the State's
General Assembly and w** Oovernor from 1931
to 1033. In the past 19 years his record in the
Senate reflects not only a high quality of servica
to sectional Interests but also to the national
interests. There haa been no seeret of his devo
tion to the principle of Statea' rights, a funda
mental issue in the party rift today, and he
reaffirmed this devotion in identifying himself
yesterday as “a Jeffersonian Democrat who be
lieves in the greatest degree of local aelf-govern
ment." It waa on this conviction, reflected in
opposition to the Truman civil righta program,
that Senator Russell without any real cam
paigning won 363 votes in the 1046 Democratic
convention. By committing himself earlier this
year he almost certainly will enter the conven
tion this summer In command of a sizeable
Southern delegation.
While there is little likelihood that the Geor
gian will win the party's flrst-place nomination,
he may well be in position to block the renomi
nation of Mr. Truman, If the President wishes
to run again, and to force the choice of some
other candidate who would be acceptable to the
South. Such a development would restore to
the South an influence in the party It has not
enjoyed alnce John Oarner of Texas was Frank
lin Roosevelt's running mate in 1963 and 1966.
Falling thia, Senator Rueaell undoubtedly
•till would have the option of running on a
third-party ticket. Better known and more
widely popular than waa Oovernor Thurmond,
the Dlxiecrat candidate in 1948, the Oeorgian
might easily carry enough Southern States out
of the Democratic column to assure a Republican
victory, The fact that Senator Russell did not
Join with the Dlxiecrat* in 1948 is not a measure
of what he might do in this regard in 1963
and his announcement of yesterday carefully
omitted any commitment on this point.
With this degre^ of "veto power" in his
hands, the Senator will be a figure to reckon
with In the political developments of the next
few months. Certainly the Truman core of the
Democratic Party will not evirlook the Impli
cations.
Protaetlng Japan
AlthutigH HtimiMua T«ky« eritiea Hive at*
Neked It HM mmiiMilna that grants islrstmu
ItiHal HfetlitA In AMiarlcaHli tin agrimttcHti just
aiaHcd uy tin united states, nhA hm warily
ah* ln>At tin adittiHiAtiMiiya tmtwwhi* in
he tallowed Ih earning but the sweTal seewrity
lliaii wus wurked mil list Nil between bur
tWW MHIHiIHM,
„ The pant draww iih at the mmt «f Mia
Vpak MHIlFHtMftif—HFHtfldM fdF iltl ft|«tlbHlH|f
M AlMFlaiW IFffled rHFFM AH MMIM Mil fHf
ih iiieflfmi wind afMF Mn Man Ffih«!ipb
Km Nealy Bettawes affeatlyi and Ml IH and
me HFaa#H» BPPHHaMwh IN hhfhhm In N
HFHteak ifHHNH ftflM Ilia IMFMli Bf Had MlFMi
slop miMI siicli Mma a« IMa phhhIfv l<»« Beep
khlk N bhiim mh in bwh daiaHilva NNadiHi and
Ihlii In sddlljpiial collectivesecurity guarantees
ihrwugii ilia WHllad Nailmn »f other Interna*
Mhllhl eliailPeph
Tmnwey with Mia peace treaty, lids fim
nese American accord has already Bam ritined
by ilia Parliament In Tokyo, and buf nwn Sen
ate-on Ida airanaili nr Ida Foreign Relatione
committee's unanimous recommendation—In ea
pedad to complete the ratification process In
the near future. What this means Is that Japan
soon will ba restored to full aoverelgnty and rid
of Its status as an occupied enemy land. How
ever, since It Is In a disarmed state at present,
It will be incapable of effective self-defense for
a long time to coma, and that Is why It has
entered upon the apeclal security paot with ue,
plus the new admlntatratlve agreement,
The agreement—which does not have to be
ratified either here or in Tokyo—covers financial,
legal, operational and other matters bearing
upon the conditions that are to govern our forces
over there during the post-occupation period.
The most important provisions include the fol
lowing: (11 Japan is to furnish the necessary
facilities for those forces; (2) It will grant a
wide area of tax exemption to our military per
sonnel and to civilian "components," like Red
Cross workers and Army employes; and (3) the
United States, within the framework of Japanese
law, will retain Jurisdiction over any of these
Americans who may commit crimes.
It is thin last point In particular that has
been subjected to considerable attack In Tokyo
as a grant of extraterritorial rlghta. But such
criticism, as explained by an American spokes
man, is altogether unjustified because the tra
ditional meaning of extraterritoriality Is that
"you bring your own law with you,” whereas
under the administrative agreement our authori
ties will enforce Japanese law, even though the
arrests themselves are to be made only by our
military police. Further, the agreement provides
that the United States, Just as soon as Senate
approval is forthcoming, will substitute the crim
inal procedure adopted by the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization—a substitution that would
give Jurisdiction to Japan In crimes committed
by any of our personnel while off duty or be
yond the bounds of our installations.
In other words, the extraterritorial issue—
which Japanese Communists can be counted
upon to exploit to the full—does not have any
real substance. The administrative agreement
is designed solely and simply to set up the
machinery needed for the smooth and efficient
functioning of the security pact, which In turn Is
needed to safeguard Japan—and In a larger sense
to safeguard the position of the free world In
Asia—against the menace of Internal and ex
ternal Red attack,
The Japanese people, acutely aware of
events in nearby Korea and of their present com
parative defeneelessHess, fully realise that this
menace is not Imaginary, far from being misled
by propaganda about extraterritoriality, the
vast majority of them weieome the paet and the
Implementing agreement as a heArtcnlng guar
Antes that they will net felt ea»y prey ti the
goviet etmiplraey a* they itrlve new ti get laeti
in their feet ai an squat in tin family H tree
natleni, f
What Those Romans Did to the Calendar!
If William Hlnai
YSAftg wit of every (out (at
* maTta tjiewtr the alrli have to
a t atouud awl ttv to hum* the luian*
tioh* of theit atrIhn: tow eomea No
Bit and laaaih In theom the law* of
o % »*N taka
Jit'll dtSSSematNI whethet it would
fee map to eoitvliiee ant man warned
hivifi't devised i wiv to keep toe mih
end the vaiwtaw petftataimly to ptwae;
u Ail total* etmeidtfed, there hasn't
been tatieii eeiendir jmpravement stare
torfiivitowi lilMkeeptai mi pf
ihWI total* in flM 10, fitev hid e
mr m twelve Wtoiav mentos wito *
jmpjMrijmjl, wektai hm
den to toe yeai, They knew abmit toe
WWI IPMIIMI if * dev, but toe! ehariei
It hb to iKta! arid we* by reruitoeliii
eeiBilV tfift Mfli Mivptien ellenur
Veer* equaled only I.4A0 *olar yeawi.
The ancient Arabs, Hebrew* end
Greek* preferred to keep Keck of tone
by too moon end used 364-day oelendera,
adding e few dev«, nr e mnnto, nr e veer
occasionally to get to# *wn end mnon
beck in line. The Meyena did much
better In the oelender business in Cen
tral Amerlee e thousand years ago,
Probably the worst calendar maker*
were toe ancient Romans, They de
veloped a 10-month calendar of 304 days
and numbered—rather then named- the
months, Four of their month designa
tions persist in our September, October,
November and December, which mean,
respectively, 7th through 10th,
A few generations after this calendar
got going, Xing Numa Pompillus re
formed it, establishing a 13-month, 350
day year, with March 1 being New Year's.
This was changed about 300 years later
to the present setup with the year be
ginning In January,
But the Romans' short year got out of
hand over the centuries, and by Julius
Caesar's time the Romans were cele
brating the start of spring in the hottest
part of summer and were doing their
planting during the harvest festival.
Caesar, working with a Oreek astrono
mer, ordered Rome to observe a 445-day
year in 46 B.C., and then to go onto a
365-day calendar with an extra day
thrown In every fourth year, This was
the first Instance of a leap-year day.
In the ensuing generation, however,
the calendar authorities got their sig
nals crossed, and were putting a leap
IfM Hr to wm thlrt mt, Augustus
eg*** itFilfhteHeU tills out by skipping
Wb rises between 8 8€, and « AS,in
get the exIenHy Heck hh tin Hint teach,
Inth exesgii, JnplMntxily, bettaved a
stieslt uf ham by naming months sftey
themselves! tputotlHs (the fifth) became
duly, and SextUls (thf sixth) became
AWHJt.. Augustus, jf anything, was a
bit the hammier, when In named hi*
month, In swiped » dev for it from
fwuewi so tiutt August would be gs
tong xs duly,
Tin dullen calender wxs by far Hi*
bast thus far divined, but It ween't pert
feet. It considered the year's length es
106,as devs. which wxs U minutes end
14 seoonds longer then Its true langth.
In the fourth century A D, lenders of
tin church met nt Nice nnd nstnblished
the dntn of Buster with referenoe tu tin
first full moon of spring. About ia cen*
turles luter, In tin time of Pope Oragory
XIII, the carelessness of Julius Caesar
\—susust T\
, \ ;se<T^lWt'
In a common year that ha wa* more the
•talker and less the quarry than is a leap,
year vietim, But at any rate, the old ous.
tom of giving the girls a oraek at the ag.
gresslve role has stood the test of time. A
ao.shilling fine for turning down a girl's
leap-year proposal was on the law books
In Scotland as early as ISM, The Prenoh
passed a similar law in the 14th century,
the Oenoese and Florentines in the 16th,
and the English a century later,
In a well-ordered universe, the girls
wouldn't have a chance, The only rea
son they get preferential leap-year
treatment now is that the sun refuses to
be regimented to any sort of calendar
man can devise. Orderly minded man
likes whole numbers, preferably numbers
easily divisible by others. And Kepler's
perverse third law decrees that the
earth's trip around the sun should be
made in the awkward time of 366.3433
days. Humans have been struggling
rather ineffectually with this stubborn
faot for more than 6,000 years, and still
had caused the calendar to get so far out
of line that It threatened the church's
major holidays.
So, In 1B82, Gregory reformed the cal.
endar on the basis of work by two
astronomers. This Oregorlan calendar Is
the one we use today; the one, lncl.
dentally, that the Engllsh.speaklng
world has been using for 300 years.
w
I
I . . . Tl O , Pen-names may be used if letters carry
eTTe rs To I HP 1TQ1 writers' correct names and addresses.
LmW I I w I O IU 1 1 lc Jlul • • All letters are subject to condensation.
Enlightenment on DST
Thanki to John W. Stepp for hit In
teresting account of the origin of "DST"
in your Sunday Editorial Section, Febru
ary 24. According to tha Hagerstown
Almanack, on the "last Sunday in April"
the day'a length la 13 hours and 4ft
minutes Hence by rising earlier you
hava the extra daylight at the end of
the day. By the same argument, DST
ahould end the last Sunday In August,
or thereabouts < day's length 13 houra
and 7 minute*) Instead of the last Sun
day in September, when the day'a length
Is only 11 hours snd AA minutes, l. e„
shorter than at the equinox, and there
is normal DST, There is no saving in
eleotrlo power for the many who must
rise at ft a m. (really ft a.m.i when It u
still dark,
W, W, 0.
Thiodors Rooftftelt Bridge?
ft seems to this wilier twho proposed
s bridge across the Potomac at ti street
as far back as iftkfti that the benefit to
mane aacinst the patriotic feelings of
a few Is far outweighed by tha many.
it la impciativ# to Arlinatoni where
the populatlph thcreaae la CMtialha grows
frig paltiai that ft Niw bridaa be ntillt.
The propped alte will greatly dim nale
a bHitieheca that takes place twice
dally in ttHaalyw Might I mm/Haa (hat
fits paw Wflii Ha named iftar that
graat map) Thaodore iHHaayelt?
He> Vlelar Nfymi
Tun Ail Bui Driven
Yew ffaftfHftfy ll ftdimfiai,''Batatjial
ffeapHttalhi iHf?’ waa wall taken
aame aiiWaci haeard «f
fli ymg eata, Hitt mi tmn tin "wtiHle*
sale” tliati the 'Tefal" mMi la much
dibpuftked t’lelit now In raififty Pomitv
Of tha piaaant ion aeliwl bus npatatRia
in the omntv, apHfwaiinataly»() ark Ik
gnrl 17 veai uld v«HMih
The Taanarerk' Advlwty Aggpelallqn
Bf Fairfax County is opposed to the em
ployment by the Fairfax School Board
«f boy school-hue driven and for Mrs
following reasons;
Their Immature judgment la not equal
to tha hagards of the Bounty's narrow,
twisting secondary roads and narrow
bridges, and because of their youth they
era unable to maintain discipline on tha
buses.
Ths association suggests tha aohool
board investigate tha feasibility of em
ploying adult women drivers in case thsy
cannot obtain adequate and competent
adult men drivers.
Edward Gibbons.
Chairman, Taxpayers’ Advisory Asso
ciation of Fairfax County, Ino.
Putt Heat on Brown
At committee hearings, I have seen
Constantine Brown throw his arms
endearingly about the shoulders of
Senator McCarthy. Therefore, I was not
surprised to see in Brown’s column,
February 23, his attempt to take the
heat off McCarthy by seeking to stultify
the Benton resolution calling for
McCarthy’s ouster.
Brown has always been adept In
presenting his side of a situation by
using tenuous arguments as fags. He
write* that McCarthy'* speech against
Oen. Marshall is the only "tangible"
thing the committee ha* to work on.
McCarthy’s statement that there are
90S, AT or 81 card-carrying Communists
known to the Secretary of State, end
which he later denied having made,
would be easy to prove or disprove by
merely cheeking on the recordings of
the Ntutement. Is this not tangible?
If McCarthy's record Is clean, why
don't Brown nnd McCarthy do the
honorable thing and demand open
hearings where McCarthy can face hi*
accuser* and refute their accusations—
under oath?
Former History Instructor,
Editor's Note; Mr. Brown says ha
has also draped a friendly arm about
Senator Benton.)
A Korean*! Condolence!
i am inclosing the Holy Cross 'Alumnus
Which contains a letter 1 think should
be trail by every American.
, the poignancy — the sympathy — tin
humility and Mie sweetness wl this let
ter Is the most inspirational assurance
that Huesian antis have nut a yhipcy in
dcNiiha with til* km* wit bimiafit
these twn buvs imtclHcr,
MrtHHieMte M, MsmuIIhh.
Mv Haw fit: MeffHev's MntfiaFl
I am very tmnt t/t wti a this Isllsr
mm f am aft aid to Hiliik flist
- JwMHifl Jm fifm jmmc4istolyj
miglit ha hatter tor him Af sums lime
ftm vary msIihmm to him and yon
wiRklni m inis itffair.
At tha ha hi ini fif tfmi day, nur H»t
talinn had m aaanality inalndlna io
Milan and «na-thlrn of them ware vic
tims of mine
Lt. MpOpbv and f wara on a mission
to aiiPimrsuInu tha assaulting company
that had just gotten a hla obstacle by
tire mlnetflald at that time, cm the
way tn the Battalion cp, wa mat our
Regimental Commander. Th* place was
beside the mine-fluid.
The Regimental Commander and U,
McOoey were unnecessarily far fore
ward as for their duty, but our Battalion
was In sueh big trouble by the mine
field that the courage and the human
ity let them go so far foreward to help
all they could.
The Beat Co touched a mine In front
of me. Lt, McOoey touched a mine in
back of me, as soon bh we met. It was
the same time that both exploded, and
they were seriously wounded.
The brave Lt. McOoey, however, made
un admire him saylna that this is war
—in spite of wound. At the other hand,
as my Battalion had so many casualty
for the assuult that we could not call
a doctor Immediately. I think that the
loss of Blood became the reason of his
death.
He was a very brave officer as brave
as I have ever seen. He accompanied
me everywhere I had aone. Now I think
It was a big wrong with me to take him
■o far forward; and to not hava im
mediate ftrat-ald for him at that time.
Surely X am glad to reoolva your amor
and bear your shams.
He had work with me tha last four
month, We had both shared momenta
of pleasure and dispelr together.
He was a faithful officer for his duty.
Being a New York man. He neither liked
to walk or climb the hills ws were foroed
to fight on. Even after the longest day's
march he never failed to make sure his
unity was safe, come night fall, before
he retired.
All the officers of our Battalion re
spected and loved him, because ha was
• talkless isntleman,
Me liked poetry very much,
t heard and learned about poetry from
him,
Also he sympathtaed with our Korean
nle who suffered by the Japanese—
ie Irish did, Ail officers of pur Bat*
talinn some of them were billed and
some of them wefe wounded—will never
MU, Medoey as an officer of
a, and as a gentleman for as long
as we may live,
i hope and pray to find, that dod
will bring comfort ip y«u and your
family in this lime of sorrow
tours respecl fully,
Major him ftuMiuH,
•tfltfB 851ft n«.t,
UMT • '1*11 Owf'
Kthel If W, fWlins.
Unknown Soldier and Public
I recently had occasion to show an
owt-of-towner our fair city. It was with
pj’tda and ravsranca that wa vlsltad
tha many monumants, memorials and
publio buildings, But at ona place wa
were shocked and dismayad at tha
speotaele wa encountered.
X refer to the antios of tha publte at
the Tomb of the Unknown Boldler. Peo
ple lined both sides of the honor guerd’e
rubber mat. Camera fane crouched In
his line of march, waiting until tha last
second before lumping out of hii way.
As the guard about-faoed he was foroed
to etare Into the simpering faoea of
young girls not two feet away.
The marble plasaa in front of the
tomb was littered with cigarette stubs
and refuse. It is to the credit of the
guard that he performed his duty with
the solemn reverence due the Unknown
Soldier. I would not have blamed him
had he done something drastlo to the
exasperating publio that Interfered with
his honored duty, which was turned Into
a "monkey-on-a-stting" attraction,
while the symbol of the Unknown 8ol
dler was Ignored. Roland I. deOarls.
This and That . . . By Charles e. Tracewell
The lady fixed Templeton Jones with
her kindly eyes, and said:
“I remember you when you were a
little boy.”
Jones writhed Inwardly, but managed
to grin.
“What do you remember about me?”
he asked.
The woman smiled discreetly.
“Mostly," she said, “how you and your
•mall friends argued.
"I recall that at the time 1 always
wondered why you never came to blow*,
but you never did.”
* *
Templeton Jonee could remember
those days, too
Arguments might be long and heated,
but there was never any danger of fight*
lng, as a result of them, because those
boys knew what they were doing.
Much better than adults of today, he
thought, those old boys of yesteryear
argued to get at thltias,
They wsnted to know,
They read, and they disputed, but
it was all in fun, and had as Its purpose
the settling of things in the individual
mind. •
Better than adults, He thought, the
boys than knew what t«ib wo* for, it
was not for propaganda, or for sheer
tleasun, but »h attempt to And out
*utH,
• •
Bid tHw And It!
is mm tod»y mmmn mm did, it
as much of truth as human beings can
handle.
The strange sense of fate Inherent In
the stories of Oraham Green came from
just such a childhood, and not too much
later.
People were different, then.
They had a* different background, a
different bringing up.
Their schooling was settled for them,
and If they wanted adventure, they had
to find It for themselves, which they
mostly did with the help of the Publie
Library.
Isn't the library too big, too aprawled
out today 7
In those days, the Public Library was
small enough so that an active boy could
know It all, every last shelf df it.
He walked around, studied the shelves,
took books off to look at them, to read
through them,
* e
Templeton Jones recalls with awe the
books he and <he other boys read then.
Motley's "History of the tHlteh lie*
public," and the famous three*volume
set of "With Cortes in Meaico," And
many more,
tod the toys really read them*
They did, and they talked about them,
It was "thc Lady of the Labe" they
talked about In school, because they Had
tai but lt*ai Cortes and Hia mm they
mulled aver au[af elssa,
JmH misfit have tom rapeied pet*
marlly as a studious boy, perhaps, but
the others were ball players, mostly. But
they all talked.
They liked big and Important topics,
not keyed to the events of the day, mind
you, but solely what they chose, for
themselves and by themselves.
* *
At one period, he remembered, they
all went In for cheas.
The library was put under call for
books about the sport of the ages. They
knew all about Paul Morphy and his
wonderful games. Paul was probably
the ugliest man who over lived, but he
played one of the moat beautiful games
of chess.
These boys knew Psul Morphy, not
only from reading about him, but more,
from playing out his games.
Hew many small fellows of today, 10
to IK, ever heard of Paul Morphy, whose
name must have been Murphy, really,
but was changed through his New Or*
leans birth?
How those boys argued I
They became so heated that the lady
listening (she wae then all of if, ind
dutta frown up, as they said them
waited anxiously for a fight to develop,
"The uLost Childhood/' graham
Owen calls hie newest book,
Templeton Jones thinks of hie yeuni
BBABtrsn!
Bureau Chemists Find i
Way to Explode Sugars
Product May Help to lolvo
Doop Biological Problomi
ly TIiiaiii H Hinry
„ Miin lipve been pig*
dbeefl by United state* lufeiu of fltann*
»t'd« cliemist*,
, Hw urevitrlflM* vsrlsues of mump
In whose mpleoule ho* been Imwpotaied
IB utoni of Ceylon 14, the rertiosyUv#
form of the element which I* the earner*
stone of life. -
The new sugars promts* to be *
•clemiAo too of the utmost importunes,
making possible research Into some or
th* deepest of biological problem*.
Dr. Horae* Isbell, who was in charge
of th* project, has been directing a
team of research chemists for tha past
threa years,
Application In Biology.
A typical application In biology |g
the study of how the body use* lactose,
or common milk sugar, Laotose is mado
up of glucose and aalactoso, Oluoose la
the primary source of energy in animal
life, while galactoae is an important con.
stituent of brain and nervous tissue.
Animals oan be fed radioactive lactose
and later be examined to And where the
auaar was utilised. Biologists are inter
ested in knowing whether the galaetoee
found in the nervous tiseue came from
the original laotoae received through
the diet or whether it was manufactured
in the body.
There are almoet Innumerable similar
problems, a large portion of the con
stituents of animal and plant life con
sist* of carbohydrates or their derive
tlves. Carbohydrates are combination*
of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen which
vary in complexity from simple sugars
to highly complex substances like starch
and cellulose.
Previously there has been only limited
success In the synthesis of radio-active
augars. Yields have amounted to only
* to 10 per cent of the original Carbon
14 while, by the Bureau of Standards
process, from 40 to 60 per cent has been
recovered,
* *
..The eerth’i crust is about 9B miles
UMOKi
4n^Hiirou?.d thit d#?th th*r* 111 sharp
<Hv dln* line—rough and irregular—
which marks the beginning of the
piAntts mftntl*, Its bsiio outer surfsoo.
upon which the light crust floats like
Ice on water,
Mountains are like Icebergs, their
great weight pushing downward to
f°rm depression* in this mantle.
These are among the hypotheses from
extensive tests of the speed of shock
waves at various depths just reported
by the Department of Terrestrial Mag
Washington, Measurements on waves
°P explosions were carried out
under the Middle Atlantic ooestal re
gion, under the Appalachians near the
Tennessee-Vlrginia border and under
Northern Minnesota. Much of this work
wa« carried out with the eo-opcration
of the onice of Naval Research,
blew Increase In Velocity,
ta * ?,nw l««tease of the velocity
nf these explosion wave* through rock,
sccoiHing to the caincgii xcienFlsts™"
aftha stt4 2 tW wewhd
fit the surface down to a little over
wltIp* " mm,m‘
f,Lv r
gair “«
ffeSwnr^W8
,w Blwwiwi Reap
HHdet file liigh AppalapliJaii* TRjiauufJ
Sr mM, , ^ Mwi nature
w HiHirntoin*. Their great weight pauses
tliam to sifik deep into tha mantle as
ieehargx sink Into the sag.
Tests In Meseld lr»» Resign.
Pmtpgl test* wern carried put in the
Megghi Iron region nf Northern Mimic -
sntg, The exposed rock* In this are*
the so-eelled Canadian
Shield which cover* all of Northern
Canada, ft consist* of some of the oldest
roek* on earth, all deling from the pre
Oambrlan geological period before there
were eny traces of life on earth. This
rook may be considered represen tetlve of
the plenet's earliest outer garment.
^T'VMtti'-nlne blasts of from 81,000 to
43.000 pounds of high explosive were set
off In co-operation with the various
mining companies. The results were ob
served with special Instrument* set up
all over Minnesota and Into Canada and
South Dakota. Here It was found that
the lower boundary of the earth’s crust
was fairly uniform at about 40 kilo
meters.
A limited number of explosions In
California and Washington, however,
failed to show the sharp boundary and
there Is no present hypothesis to explain
this failure.
Questions and Answers
By THE RASKIN SERVICE.
Q. In what States may persons under
31 vote?—H. H.
A. In 1943 the Oeorgla Legislature
amended the State constitution to re
duce the voting age from 31 to 18. Two
years later in 8outh Carolina the voting
sat in the Democratic primary (the real
election) was reduced to 18.
Q. Where did potato chips originate?
—R. Van V.
A. When Saratoga Springs. N. Y.. was
a fashionable resort, specialties from
there swept the country, and one of
them was Saratoga chips.
Snow Boforo Daybreak
Snow before daybreak it an experience
I well remember from my younger dayif
Doing the morning chore< by lantern
light,
The uiual routine of my father'i farm.
"The antmah are hungry," he would
lay;
We'd be up early, and an out to tee
About the itock, welUiheltered In the
barn,
/ Hill can hear the crunching of our
boo (i
Along the mowy path, Hkewiie the low
Olad neighi of greeting from the mrel
mom,
Snow before daybreak! Smytme Mould
here
Memory of an fcmtr which precedei
A winter dawn with inowfyhu In the
•ir
A md dgm» Imfllllliill AiiASLMd llllUlMrfllfl
mrw IVV|P IFTijFrWIlpf Vrlfnwf WVWTjfWftWTwi
} 1% I. CM#«f j

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