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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 29, 1952, Image 13

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David Lawrence:
Candor Wjth Public Is Essential
Administration Gives Impression It Has Something to Hide
With Effort to End House Probe of Tax Scandals
Few things are more damag
ing to a party in power than an
attempt at “cover up" of wrong
doing. Throughout history the
wisest strategy for such a party,
when attacked, has been to give
wholehearted support to any
official investigation.
But the Truman administra
tion seems to be blundering on
this point and, rightly or
wrongly, giving the impression
that it has something to hide.
Thus the palpable efforts to
bring to an end the House com
mittee's inquiry on the tax
scandals is causing considerable
resentment, as is also the very
evident effort to prevent the
broadcasting and televising of
all hearings held by commit
tees of the House of Repre
sentatives.
It has been disclosed that in
the presence of President Tru
man the ban on television and
radio issued by Speaker Ray
bum was discussed but Mr. Tru
man made no effort to bring
about a change in the ruling.
The President, whose appointees
and subordinate officials are
under attack, would naturally
have an interest in seeing that
the public was widely Informed
about governmental proceed
ings. He did not urge the Speaker
to use his position in the House
to have the rules changed. He
doesn't hesitate to speak out
on other "civil rights."
ft is not surprising that the
House committee handling tag
scandals is m the throes of a
controvert over whether to con
tinue its hearings; tJemocrais
favorable to the administration
fear the damaging effect that
continued hearings mav have
rnn^N^^llWMrjre*ge8tgil
their party. Other Democrats,
with a broad-gauged viewpoint,
want the hearings to go on.
They believe, as do-the Repub
licans, that it is better to get
all the facts before the people
and identify the guilty rather
than to let the public suspect
that there are many more who
are hiding behind administra
tion protection.
Candor with the public is
essential if distrust and sus
picion are to be erased. It so
happens that Democrats like
Senator Kefauver of Tennessee,
Senator Hoey of North Caro
lina, Senator McCarran of
Nevada and Senator Fulbright
of Arkansas have been leaders
in recent congressional inves
tigations. Some party spokesmen
have emphasized this to show
that the Democrats were clean
ing their own house.
The events of the last few
days, however, suggest that
the Democratic administration,
alarmed by the series of ex
posures and fearful of more of
them'in the campaign months to
come, is now making an effort
to keep the tax scandals out of
the headlines. Undoubtedly this
will lead to public accusations
on the floor of the Senate and
the House and a further spread*
ing of accusations, it is signifi
cant that Senator Williams, Re*
publican, of Delaware, for eft*
ample, is puttina out certain
evidence in periodic speeches be*
fore the Senate, More of that
kind of tactics can be eapeeted
if the House committee's hear*
mas on irregularities in the tag
bureau are curtailed or termi*
naied.
If if had not been far the
coincident stopping of the radio
broadcasting and the televising
of the hearings of the House
Committee on Un-American Ac
tivities, the situation might not
have been so fully dramatized
to the public. The voters in
Michigan, for example, where
some Communistic activity has
been detected, will wonder why
suddenly even radio broadcasts
—previously permitted—are now
banned. It will be argued that
the administration is afraid to
have extensive coverage of the
hearings. Newspapers cannot
possibly print every day the
same number of words that can
be reported in a couple of hours
of broadcasting. There is also a
certain dramatic intimacy which
the listener or viewer enjoys in
connection with radio or tele
vision. Unquestionably the ad
ministration is afraid of the
consequences of widespread pub
licity.
This is an issue tlje people
generally can understand, and
no bigger political blunder has
been made by the administra
tion than to reveal that the sub
ject came up at a White House
conference attended by the
Speaker of the House and yet
no move was made to open up
the channels of news to the
public. Ah administration which
has issued a gait order on its
own officials unprecedented m
severity—aH edict which has
been challenged by the preu of
the Natum-ean hardly aspect
ts statements in the campaign
td gain credence, instead, the
eharges of the opposition will
get wider publicity than might
^saSsMf..jr'
Der/i Fleeson:
Symington Could Get the Nod
Missouri Democratic Leader* Get Signals Crossed
With Truman on Nominee for Senatorial Race
ST LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 38—
Missouri Democrats seem to
be having a little trouble get
ting their White House signals
straight in the matter of the
senatorial race here this year.
For a long time they have
been confident that the Repub
lican incumbent. Senator James
Kem, would be an easy target.
A member of the generally un
distinguished Senate class of
1946, Senator Kem has particu
larly annoyed President Tru
man with his unrelenting oppo
sition to the Truman foreign
policy and most of the Fair
Deal.
Recently the President’s alma
mater, the Pendergast macnine
of Kansas City, let it be known
that Missouri's Attorney Gen
eral Taylor had its blessing for
the nomination to run against
Senator Kem. Many Democrats
were something less than en
thusiastic. as they felt Mr. Tay
lor would not be a strong cam
paigner.
They assumed, however, that
he had Mr. Truman’s backing.
It is now reported in some
Democratic quarters that Mr.
Pendergast failed to consult the
President who is, on that ac
count, irked more than some
what.
To add to the confusion, at
least one leader close to the
President is now remarking
that former Qov. PhU Donnelly,
who plans to run again for Gov
ernor, and W. Stuart Syming
ton, former RPC and Air Force
head, would make a wonderful
combination. Mr. Symington
has confessed to a hankering to
go to the Senate,
The question is asked: Is Mr.
Truman hinting that he pre
fers Mr. Symington to Mr.
Taylor?
The President has always
asserted his right to take sides
in primaries in his own State
and plainly feels a proprietary
interest in its Senators espe
cially. In 1950 he burned his
fingers. His colorless candidate.
Speaker Allison of the State
Legislature, was beaten for the
nomination by the present
Senator, Thomas C. Hennings.
Mr. Truman has now made it
up with Senator Hennings, who
is often invited to skull prac
tice at the Yfhite House, and
his patronage channels are in
good working order. '
It Is still being suggested here
that the President, if he does
not run again, may want that
Senate seat himself. Mr. Tru
man often refers admiringly to
the example of Andrew John
son, who ran for the Senate
after serving as President, and
of John Quincy Adams, who ran
for the House. Johnson was
elected Senator but died before
he could serve; Adams served
some years with distinction.
There is no real evidence,
however, that Mr. Truman has
such an intention himself. Some
of his close friends Insist that
under no circumstances can
they imagine him doing it.
In discussion of Mr. Syming
ton's chances, should he get a
Truman nod, several points are
made:
He is a carpetbagger, a trans
planted Marylander who made
a fortune in a comparatively
brief business career here.
He would start out without
a State-wide acquaintance, es
pecially at the grass-roots level.
The courthouses are basic in
Dolitical contests here as indeed
in most States.
Against that. Mr. Syming
ton’s friends put his excellent
record as a businessman and as
a public servant distinguished
for accomplishment and hon
esty. He is popular also in
labor and minority circles.
Former Representative Roger
Slaughter of Kansas City, who
was purged by Mr. Truman in
1948, is also considering enter
ing the Senate race. He is rated
an outsider by most politicians.
(Released by the Bell Syndicate, Ine.)
Thomas L Stokes:
Never Too Far Away From Senate
Taft Overlooking No Bets to Appease and Please Southerners
As His Vote on the Alaska Statehood Bill Shows
Senator Taft never seems to
let his really amazing stumping
tour for the Republican presi
dential nomination take him
ao far astray that he can not
be on hand for strategic votes
that might help him In his
quest for the White Mouse.
For example, the Senator
turned up for the vote on the
Alaska statehood bill which, by
the slim couht of 4B to 44, was
sent back to committee, that
virtually dashed hopes for ac
tion this session on statehood
both tor Alaska and Mawall,
iacli deserves It.
the senator voted to recom*
mil Ihe measure, thus, it
mishl be flamed, he east (lie
deciding vole lo sidetrack the
bill
WHIihuI dueslitmmg Ihe Sen*
aim's motives nr sincerity, It
can be said, nevertheless, Ihat
his vote was must pleasing in
the Hmtthern Pemoeretie blue
which, with a rare esccptmn
nr sn, Is nghtmg statehood fur
the temtnries,
The real reason for Southern
opposition. as esplamed here
before, and as Senator Poualas,
Democrat, of Illinois finally
was so bold as to blurt out
openly on the floor. Is tied up
with civil rights. Tire South
erners fear that the four more
Senators who would be added
by statehood for the two Terri
tories might cast their votes for
e more effective cloture rule by
which debate could be limited
in the Senate and thus break
Southern filibusters on the civil
rights program.
cm States In the split-off that
threatens there if President
Truman again la the Demo
cratic candidate.
The Alaska statehood vote
was a travesty on party plat
forms, among other things, for
both parties for some years
have piously adopted planks
pledging statehood for both
Alaska and Hawaii, The parties
split almost evenly up and down
the middle, with BO ttcpubli*
cans, including Senator Taft,
voting for recommits! and BO
against, while Democrats di
vided a* for shelving the bill
«hd B4 in fgvor of keeping It
before the Semite for geiton.
Three Southern Democrat* re*
fused to go along with the rest
of their southern colleagues 10
pigeonhole the megsuri=#eH*
•torn Holland of World*, He*
mover of 'I'eimessee, and Spark*
man of Alabama
„ ’ll** , performance likewise
dramatised again the complete
breakdown of responsible party
government m the senate,
Power and control reside, In*
stead, tn the old familiar coall*
tton composed of Southern
Democrats and sufficient Repub*
Itcan allies to operate obstrue*
tlvely and to be, aa it Is on so
many issues, the major party, a
hybrid of strange texture.
pleasing to conservative in
terests in the South, and also
elsewhere in the Nation. It is a
perfect setup. As long as it
prevails in Congress, Southern
conservative interests are not too
anxious about who sits in the
White House, though, just to be
on the safe side, they would
prefer to have somebody of
Senator Taft’s stripe, because of
the off-chance that a fellow like
the late President ttoosevelt or
President Truman might agitate
the folks so that Congress would
be forced to move.
Put the seme Southern politl*
cal leaders in Congress who play
footsie with Senator Taft and
his coalescing erew will tell you
privately that the senator could
not jet too many votes among
the southern rank and fill, how*
iver much the privileged few like
him; for their .they
would prefer §en,
slsennower, who _ have
»uen »strong Republlion brand,
&* the Hepublleen eindldete if
President Truman runs sgsln.
But Senator Toft, meanwhile.
Is overlooking no Pels to oppegse
ond pilose the Southerners,
TVIHvSTirVMiiRl*
| iSUf* HM
. tli'iHi
MoKm
In this Senator Taft always
has been a key figure. In fact, it
is he who is the real Republican
leader, and, on the Democratic
side, Senator Russell of Georgia,
rather than the nominal and
elected leaders who, if you have
forgotten, are, respectively, Sen
ator Bridges of New Hampshire
for the Republicans and Senator
McFarland of Ariaona for the
Democrats.
It is often overlooked that it
is only by grace of Northern Re
publicans that civil rights meas
ures are kept bottled up. On this,
as on social and economic bills
as well, the South not only con
trols the Democratic Party in
Congress, but is also the tail that
wags the Republican dog,
making a mockery of both
Democratic and Republican
platforms. It was, for instance,
a Southern Democrat-Repub
lican coalition which, in the last
Congress, weakened the existing
Senate cloture rule so that a
filibuster can never be broken.
This situation is na
It was on this narrow, sec
tional basis that the bulk of
Southern Democrats stubbornly
cast their votes against what,
it would appear, is much to our
national and international in
terest. It would not only sta
bilize and strengthen our de
fense on the Pacific and North
west perimeter but also would
offset Communist propaganda
of colonialism used against us
in Asia.
One of Senator Taft’s en
terprises is to court the South.
This is obviously with the hope
that, if he should win the Re
publican nomination and Pres
ident Truman should run again,
he and the Republican ticket
might fall heir to some South
i L
orr rid or
With Hi«h-MiUof* IhM Linhifi
INSTALLED WHILE YOU WAIT
SLr \ »11“„
Dial 8 i Uiiu*-ukw.
W|»u U J
WRttU ALIGNED a' BALANCED
CLIFTS SS
1909 M St K.W. 4,1
ST.ATO
LOUIE —By Harry Hanan
Fletcher Knebel:
Potomac Fever;
Senator Russell of Qeorila announces for President as a
"Jeffersonian Democrat." Dick Ruasell and Tom Jefferson have
much in common—including their chances of becoming Presi*
dent this year,
* * « *
President Truman gives Newbeld Morns MAO,000 to eiesn
up corruption in Government, This is a rugged campaign—any
body who admits he's crooked will be permitted to resign,
seas
The Minnesota supreme court rules Gen, MaeArthur, Gen,
iisenhower aHd Senator Xefauver off the ballet. The theory is
that no ohi good enough to be President should be permitted to
risk his health running around Minneeeta in the dead of winter,
• • * *
President Truman aaya Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois has
the reeommendations to make a good President, In faet, 8eme>
eratie leaders ssy about the only thing they've get against Steven
son Is Truman,
* * * *
Senator Williams eharges the Government dropped a erlmlnal
tag ease against a firm that hired former Internal Revenue Chief
Nunen, Williams Is one of the few Republicans who are trying to
see if the Fair Deal la aa corrupt aa Democratic committee chair
men claim it la,
« ♦ ♦ ♦
Senator Russell, Dixie candidate for President, says President
Truman won't run again. He figures If Harry were running again,
he'd be malting a lot more blunders and errors to prove how
human he la,
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Constantine Brown:
Lattimore Tries Military Strategy
Professor Implies Those Who Testified Against Him Were
In Collusion With Senators in Plot to Destroy Him
Prof. Owen Lattlmore, testi
fying at his own request before
the Senate Judiciary Subcom
mittee investigating the influ
ence of the Institute of Pacific
Relations on American policies
in the Far East, has adopted
the military doctrine that the
best defense is a good offense.
In a statement of some 15,000
words he implies not only that
those who testified against him
but also the seven Senators
forming the subcommittee, and
their counsel Robert Morris,
were either in collusion with or
actually a part of a conspiracy
of his detractors to destroy him.
For three consecutive days
Mr. Lattlmore has attempted to
storm the “enemy’s" position
with accusations against the
Senators on the subcommittee
and their staff. His verbal as
saults left the Interrogators un
moved and skeptical. Senator
Willis Smith of North Carolina
pointed out casually that had he
made the same charges in court
he would have been in jail by
now for contempt,
In the opinion of some, Prof.
Lattlmore weakened his case.
The accusations against his fel
low professor, Louis fludene of
Fordham University, were natu
rally vitriolic because Sudene, a
former top Communist, had un
equivocally denounced Prof, Lot
timore «s an important secret
member of the Communist ap
paratus, which hi emphatttafly
denied, The highly eontradio
tory evidence of the two profes
sors under oath persuaded the
eommittee to sendthe testimony
to the ifuitlie department to de
termine whether there is a ease
for a grand jury Investigation,
and who should bo prosecuted.
Besides seeming his pet ene«
my. fodens. of obsolute perjury,
the Baltimore professor did nor
spare other witnesses. Admiral
Charles Cooke wss one of them,
The former commander of the
7th Fleet in the Pacific, who. in
his testimony before the Mc
Carran committee never men
tioned Lattimor;'s name at- that
of the IPR, was accused of being
"self-interested” in his testi
mony about the Nationalists in
Formosa because he was in their
employ. Mr. Lattimore brought
up Cooke’s name to prove that
the committee was prejudiced
since, he said. Admiral Cooke
was never asked to state what
his present connections with the
Nationalists were. J. G. Sour
wine, the committee's counseif
read from the record that the
retired admiral had testified
that he was-now employed as a
technical adviser to an Ameri
can company dealing with the
Nationalist government. This
reading from the official record
did not impress the witness suf
ficiently to lead him to withdraw
his accusation.
Despite his unquestionable in
tellectual capacity, Mr. Latti
more does not seem to grasp
that the subcommittee is in
terested only in establishing
whether or not the Institute of
Pacific Relations has influenced
the policies of top officials in
the State Department and the
White Mouse ih connection with
our disastrous policies ih Dhina
and Korea, the individuals who
appear before the subcommittee
are only m the
pursuit of this ifiviestiKatum,
Mr. Lattimore feels strongly,
and has repeatedly so testified,
that the principal purpose of
the committee Is to destroy him
and seme ef the officials who
were his personal friends, He>
expressed his convietlon that
President Truman established
the Royalty Review Board under
the pressure of the friends of
the "Phma lobby" in Congress
and that the review board Is
bludgeoning the State Depart*
ment’s officials who don’t share
that “lobby’s” views.
Mr. Lattimore believes that
because the Tydings committee
gave him a clean bill of health
in 1950, the present investiga
tion is a mere fishing expedition
to blacken his character and
reputation. Mr. Lattimore does
not appear to differentiate be
tween the investigation ordered
by the Senate two years ago,
which was prompted by the
charges of Senator Joseph Mc
Carthy that a number of offi
cials in the State Department,
and Mr. Lattimore himself, werB"~—
disloyal, and the present inves
tigation. which attempts to es
tablish the role of a private or
ganization in the formulation of
national policies. Mr. Lattimore,
and many others who have ap
peared before the subcommittee,
are being questioned as members
and officers of the IPR. The
matter of any possible Commu
nist affiliation Is only incidental.
The fact that the ladings
committee did not go into the
affairs of the institute and did
not have access to important
documents discovered a year
later in a barn does not change
Mr. Lattimore's conviction that
four Democrat and four Re
publican senators on the Ju
diciary Committee are hell-bent
on destroying him the present
Investigation, which has been
fully prepared by the subcom
mittee and its staff, can confirm
the fears of the Johns Hopamg
scholar only if by some mis
ehanei for himself he has not
been entirely candid in hla
testimony,
JljSmp
TIANIfA T MwAtllt CO.
400 Nf* y#rk A.. N W NA, 1070
tp€At HAUMNfi
QUA IWIAITY
Lydia Kirk, wife of our recent
ambassador to Russia, gives a
startling close-up of life in Mos
cow as it Is todayl 800 what
she sawl Hoar what she heard!
What la Ufa Uka for an American woman in
Moscow amid spies and shortages, where the
weather is the only safe topic of conversation?
Lydia Kirk, in personal letters to her children,
Uft« the eurtain on Ufa in Russia as it is today.
From a woman's viewpoint she gives a word
picture on the wives of Gromyko, Vishinsky >• 7*1 Will I RuiIar
end Meletov-tella why they are almost WIMIR livlRf 1r MllllWI
IWMlIlkMlMMIhMa , , ..miwilb Htkafii
thi Mnn.i »nd luiprediuMili MmvIa. af km unit «d m km ,m>
RiWIaM At |AlA kAIHIHAU Add »l»bf»U0IM, !'*».«L.».» ...Id b.
ihe telia hew Russian women entertain in nv«iy 4mi8m4 >» arts at t«4 »» pun
their homes, Rhe telia ef the distrust and hate p,i J*
Af tkA RuMiAA dAAAlA hr knytWn. Amario.n, *„ l" WW !?JSfitftiBlit
Rhe paints a vivid picture of the headaches ssmoubUss, v»r »i«m «v«n km n
*nd ***» •» w* * * ;\z TZL'.'u.t m
know the people in the fsoe of deop yoR» b*b* worn b* bom win uttio
suspicion and hostility, Bo sure to Suoftioplif* **•***•**•' *• •,99m
get your eopy of tho now March
Ledies* Homs Journsl todsy snd
start her "Letters from Moscow/'
by Lydia Kirk
jjSSB
k

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