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David Lawrence: - ?
Poll Ignores Delegates 7 Opinions True Meaning of New Hampshire Primary Overemphasized; Candidate's Strength Rarely Indicated in 3-Way Race There has beeh an overem phasis on the true meaning of the New Hampshire primaries. To try to attribute to a poll of some 75.000 Republican voters in one section of the country a Nation-wide significance is to ignore the variegated influences that make up the opinion of delegates from coast to coast. Whether one adds up the Stassen and Eisenhower votes and matches them against the Taft votes, on the theory that the first two reflect the inter nationalist trend of one group Os voters as contrasted -with a nationalists trend on the part of the Taft voters, the fact re mains that a three-cornered race is never a good indicator of the true political strength of any one candidate. About all the New Hampshire primary proves is what a three way split can do among 75,000 voters, and a much more scien tific result would have been ob tained by using the Gallup pool methods. It is inadvisable, therefore, to write off any candidate on the basis of the returns among the Republicans in any one State. Even in the Democratic Party, where there is no certainty that President Truman will run, the vote cannot be relied upon to tell what the Democrats would do if the President doesn’t run. If he intends to accept another nomination, it didn’t require a primary in the Republican State of New Hampshire to establish the fact that he can have the nomination without any votes being cast against him at the national convention except by delegates from the Southern States. Doris Fleeson: Russell and Kerr Boost Coalition Democratic Conservatives Lay Plans to Capture Convention By Organizing a Merger of the South and West Washington today is full of leadership vacuums but none is larger than that left by Presi dent Truman's coyness about his presidential intentions. Democratic conservatives are laying recognizable plans to cap ture the national convention. Roughly speaking, their strategy is the same by which they cap tured the majority leadership for Senator McFarland of Ari zona—a coalition of the South and West. Senator Russell is the com mander of the Southern forces. Incidentally he is the real com mander, not the voice of reac tion nor of his elder or former Senate colleagues. His camp is therefore the more formidable. Senator Kerr of Oklahoma is organizing the West. He still says that of course he is for Mr. Tru man if he runs. But the Sena tor is rarely on deck here these days; he is on the road lining up Nebraska primary support to put with his Oklahoma cadre and probing other Western pos sibilities. Since Senator Kerr votes with the Southerners on States’ rights Thomas L. Stokes: Investigating the Investigator Morris Is Fair Game in an Election Year, Especially Since He Is a Republican on Democratic Assignment Everything gets a little cock eyed here every so often. For instance, when the cru sader from New York City, New bold Morris, who was brought here with some fanfare by President Truman to direct an Investigation into corruption in Government, himself becomes the subject of investigation. While Mr. Morris and his New York law firm seem to have done no more than other law firms regularly do in the now famous purchase of tankers for the China International Foun dation to carry oil from the Persian Gulf to China, yet one observer at least of this “inves tigation" of the “investigator” by the Senate Investigating Subcommittee got'the impres sion that perhaps the whole Truman cleanup campaign is off on the wrong foot. It does not help any to have sn investigator, himself, explain a part in the very sort of trans actions he is supposed to in vestigate, even though entirely legal as they were. While lawyers' business is lawyers’ business, and a layman always finds it somewhat mystifying and the fees somewhat miraculous, there is also in this case the fact that the China Foundation’s tapkers, first engaged to do business for the Chinese Nationalist Govern ment, eventually did make four trips—four out of 200—with oil to Communist China after the change in political regimes. The atmosphere around here now is not good for that. What can be dbne from the campaign stipnp to discredit Mr. Morris was plain enough in the way hostile committee mem bers practiced their platform orations on him while he squirmed around in the witness chair.' The big, six-foot-four Repub lican has. indeed, been mis ' treated here. He is learning aoout Washington fast the hard way. He deplored the phrase “Morris’ tankers,” when ~ he is only president of a founda tion that controls the stock juid uses the profit for charitable purposes. If his name was "Jones," and he had not been drafted by the President for his job here, why no one would have paid any attention to him, hq said. ’ There’s some basis for his complaint there. However, he Neither Senator Kefauver nor any other Democrat stands a chance in the Democratic Party convention if the President de cides to be a candidate himself. The officeholders and their henchmen in the various State and city organizations through out the country select the dele gates. In the Republican Party, thd local organizations play a de cisive role some years, depend ing upon how much grass-roots sentiment there is, but even in the Republican Party an ne cumbent President can pretty well dictate his own renomina tion. Republican organizations in many States have lined up be hind Senator Taft, but there are in other States regular Re publican organizations which are backing Gen. Eisenhower. Many observers do not realize, that the primary elections often represent contests between fac tions inside a party. When cer tain leaders allow their names to be used on the slate of dele gates, it often means that the popularity of the delegates themselves is more of a factor than, support for those candi dates which the delegates in question say they/ intend to back, though every one knows they have a certain flexibility and can change if contingencies at the convention seem in tneir judgment to necessitate such changes. There is no doubt that Gen. Eisenhower is somewhat at a disadvantage in not being pres ent to express himself on cur rent issues and that his mili tary position keeps him from making his views known. But the very fact that the general questions like civil rights, tide lands oil and statehood, they can compromise on him. Simi larly Senator Kerr’s backers could switch to Senator Russell without sacrifice of principle. The Georgian, in fact has an even longer record of support for public power, New Deal agri cultural programs and the like. But Senator Russell is from the deep South, and that is ad mittedly a handicap in the piv otal States with big electoral votes which are the modern Democratic heartland. Senator Kerr’s Oklahoma seems more West than Southern though it is certainly Southwest and his per sonality fits the Western legend. Perceiving all this, adminis tration stalwarts —a not too large band at best—are burning while Mr. Truman fiddles. They will support him naturally. But if he does not run they think it vital to get going behind some agreed-upon candidate that Mr. Truman is welcome to name. The obvious choice, Gov. Stevenson of Illinois, is entirely satisfactory to them. They only want action to counteract the action they note being taken by withdrew a charge he made that he would not even have been called before the committee if he had not been brought here by President Truman for the cleanup job when it was shown that he was on the list of wit nesses months ago when the committee decided to make the inquiry. But not so much would have been made of him, of course. This is, affer all, a campaign year—and he’s fair game, espe cially since he’s a Republican on assignment from a Demo cratic President. The confusion that has been thrown about the straight issue of corruption in Government might have been avoided if President Truman, himself, months ago, had set out to clean house. It’s getting late now and the Newbold Morris operation no matter how sincerely carried on, hardly will make up for direct action by the President. If Mr. Morris remains on the job, he has had his eyes opened by his own experience in away that might be helpful. For, as well as being the investigator being investigated, he also is lawyer for clients who had am expensive experience in this dizzy town—and he complained loudly about that. He delivered a tirade about “middlemen running around getting a $450,000 profit" by which, he explained when he had cooled down, he N meant the so-called “Casey group,” in cluding former Democratic Rep resentative Joseph E. Casey of Massachusetts, which had charged the clients of his law r =^ * ===== Successful \ Property Management Satisfactory returns from the investment and proper maintenance of the physical property. Let us give you the same sure service we are giving numerous owners of large and small buildings. H. G. Smithy Company SU 15th St. N.W. ST. S3M % Mortgage Representative — Traveler* Insurance Co, raOFBDTT MAX A GEmMT—SALES—LOAMS—mtUHCI ■SBaBSSSSSSaSSaaBamMHi^HmDBDMBMMiHi has been and is on active duly in a very important mission related directly to the peace of the world undoubtedly offsets Borne of these disadvantages with thoughtful voters. The size of the vote cast for any man who isn’t making an active campaign himself is something of a political phenomenon in modern politics. There is also ntaquestion about the* impression made by Sena tor Taft as a personal cam paigner. The rank and file of the party like a fighter and a good stump speaker. Whatever doubts there may have been as to Mr. Taft’s ability to make votes by was removed last week by the crowds he drew in New Hampshire and by the audiences he has been attracting in other States. There will no doubt be con tinued pressure by Eisenhower supporters to persuade him either to express himself on cur rent issues or to come back and make some speeches. He cannot do this without giving up his military command, and the President has let it be known that he has no intention of call ing the general back to thisj country for any purpose. The latest motion by Senator McMahon to have the general Invited to come home to testify ' on the $7.9 billion foreign aid bill dill—if adopted by ahy con- •• gressional committee—wind up on President Truman’s desk. Mr. Truman probably will de cide that the general can make his views known in writing, and undoubtedly he will do so gladly at the appropriate time without the necessity for a special trip to Washington. ' (Reproduction Right* Reserved.) the opposition within their party. Gov. Stevenson is in part to blame for the situation. He con tinues to act the part of the re luctant dragon. It is not an animal that stands much chance of beating the rampaging candi date, Senator Taft, who never looked better nor acted more confident. It is understood here that Mr. Truman has given Gov. Steven son his chance to accept the crown. Perhaps Gov. Stevenson is wary; perhaps a lack of alacrity on his part has served to-, alter Mr. Truman’s mind. Since 1940, Democrats in con trol of their national conven tions have insisted upon some version of a New Dealer for both places on their national ticket. They still say so publicly; pri vately most of them would settle for Senator Russell in second place with Gov. Stevenson. When it comes to the Senate coalition that is trying to re group around Philadelphia, they have another thought. They will beat its presidential favorites If they can; if they can’t they pre fer to take their medicine neat —the Georgian, Benator Russell. firm a fancy price for tankers which the group had gotten cheaply from the Maritime Commission. That was the deal that first started the committee off on the trail which finally reached out to Mr. Morris foundation and his law firm. “I don’t think Representative Casey is filled with any desire to sail ships,” Mr. Morris ob served. Explaining his experience on the Board of Aldermen in New York City, where all business is transacted in public with the press on hand Mr. Morris ex pressed surprise at' the way things are done in Washing ton, with decisions of boards of one sort and another reached privately and business done privately. When he gets through here in Washington, there’ll be a law to stop the sort of practices he has discovered here, he said. Senator Hoey, Democrat, of North Carolina, committee chairman, peered over the ros trum and solemnly assured Mr. Morris that he was right there, and that the committee, itself, expected to make some recom mendations about changes in laws covering disposition of sur plus Government property, in cluding tankers. INCOME TAX Returns by Tox Specialists • Cwa, * u “ TAX CENTER u lU3Br®«fc* w - Om Dally. AD* bt, In. * BTMI ipuil _ —By Harry Hanan FtetchetKnebet: Potomac Fever New Hampshire's vote gives definite clues toward America’s next President. He’ll be a man to whom well pay $150,000 a year for the privilege of screaming at him that he isn’t worth it. •* * • Corruption Hunter Newbold Morris says he got $30,000 to $35,000 as his share of law-firm fees on a quick-profit ship deal. Morris was just the man to clean up Washington—he’s already proved he knows his way around town. • * * * The French Assembly approves Premier Pinay’s new cabinet. It’s expected to be one of the most stable governments France has had this week.* ** * * Churchill’s government gives England a new austerity budget, with the gasoline tax boosted to 60 cents a gallon. It’s guaranteed to put Britain back on her feet. * * • * t j—— Morton Baum, the new assistant corruption hunter, urges a Federal “watchdog” agency to check on corruption in Washing ton. No one will be permitted to accept a mink coat without a license from the Democratic National Committee. * * * • The Navy says it has a guided missile that can search out and destroy a plane four miles away. Guided missiles will soon be faster than human beings in every phase of war except getting us into it. * * * * The Government gets an injunction to end the Railroad walk out. Young Government officials are getting a lot of experience in the lengthy railroad dispute. Bome are almost ready for a career of negotiating at the Korean peace talks. ta* ■ are, your federal income tax bill this year U—' I : is the biggest ever. Yet, part of every tax dollar you & \ . pay will be used to build andmaintain public tans -1 portation facilities for the free or less-than-cost use \ of P rivaccI y-owned air, water and highway com- * mercial carriers. I }< ifl These huge inter-city transportation agencies \ have. lon s sm(X outgrown the “infant industry” j V;l I w.f stage. Why, then, must you goon paying part of mppfjfc 1 their costs of doing business? And why must the - self-supporting, tax-paying railroads be required, If not only to compete with carriers subsidized from the public purse—but to help pay the costs of their America’s taxpayers can no longer afford the luxury of an unrealistic national transportation RIIHw policy. Its continued existence under present con ditions adds to your taxes and threatens the strength W , • vitality of Ac one form of transportation all BP SOUIH ERIM the.others together cannot replace—the railroads! Pp RAILWAY SYSTEM I Constantine Brown: r Interest in Democrats Lacking European Newsmen Flocking to U. S. to Watch and Report On Republican Chances and Candidates in the Election Swarms of European news paper correspondents are ar riving in this country to watch and report political trends and developments during the pre convention days and later dur ing the actual showdown be tween Democrats and Republi cans. These men and women, all trained and competent po litical observers, are Interested particularly in the chances of the. Republicans at the polls and also in the person the Re publicans will nominate for the highest and most burdensome office in the world. < The relative lack of interest in the Democrats is explained by the conviction of all Euro peans that they will be well taken care of, as in the past, under another Democratic ad ministration. What will happen, they would like to know, if the Republi cans were to nominate another man than Gen. Eisenhower. Will the United States go back into seclusion or will it con tinue to co-operate with its present Allies? Some of these correspondents never have been to America be fore ahd are surprised at the frankness—or what they be lieve to be frankness—of the various candidates or their prin cipal spokesmen, who readily receive them individually. Some who covered the British elec tions last fall remark that it is far easier to be received by the Pope than either Winston Churchill or Clement Attlee. The concern of the Europeans in our elections is natural. They believe that both the security and recovery of their countries will be affected by the results at the polls next November. Europe is under the impression that nomination or election of any Republican other than Gen. Eisenhower would spell the doom of the NATO. But after a few days of conversations with THE EVENING STAN, Washington, D. C. WtOMSSPAT. HAROS IS. IMS T- the supporters of the other prin cipal competitor, Senator Rob ert A. Taft, their prejudged opinions change. When asked how they man aged to form such definite views, they answer that all the reports obtained by their newspapers either from American sources or from their government indi cate another era of isolationism if an “old line Republican” takes the helm next January. These reporters were pleasantly sur prised to find out by themselves that the most inveterate “old liner” favors a continuation of close association with the free nations of Europe provided that this co-operation was not a one way street. This they regard as a. logical attitude which, they say, most people, if not their government, favor. There is a greater appreciation of Amer ica’s efforts among the edu cated classes in Western Eurooe, they say, than among the poli ticians themselves. And they add that a firmer attitude by the American Government might remove the rearmament lethargy which prevails among most of the NATO. The majority of the people in the NATO countries would be loath to see Gen. Eisenhower removed from his present posi tion. They admit that Europe is in a state of political confu sion. Most Europeans are firm ly convinced that the U. S. S. R. has no intention of starting a war on that continent. Hence they do not feel that major sacrifices are needed to organize large forces, which eventually may be thrown against each other since the much-needed European political unity is still a far-off dream. Gen. Eisen hower, alone, they say, offers them a guaranty that while he is at the head of thole military forces nobody need fear a rough house among the Western Euro peans themselves. This is a novel thought which few peoplo in this country have ‘had. But it apparently exists among some of our Allies. Gen. Elsen hower also is believed to be capable of inducing the more reluctant of our Allies, and par ticularly the French, to stop dragging their feet-and put to good use the assistance they receive from thii rountry tat actual rearmament. ~~ However, the general view at the millions of Europeans is that the selection of the supreme commander of the NATO forces . as a Republican candidate would be greeted with enthusi- . asm on the European awntiiwot because they would be assured of a continuation of our present policies of regarding the con tinent across the Atlantic aa the mainstay of America’s na tional defense. TRANSFER A STORAGE CO. 460 Nsw York Aw. N.W. NA. 1070 LOCAL HAULINfr— OUR SPECIALTY .GET RID OF BAD BRAKES With High-Mileage Bonded Linings INSTALLED WHILE YOU WAIT Baiek Ms Ml PaatiMt ( ’ll",. OIOS 6 1 Uahu^nmn ®*dfo„ u •%*' (mSm! WHEELS ALIUNBD * BALANCED CLIFTS smvki 1909 M St. RW. 6,1 ' 5T.47,5 Iffifer. A-15