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Sunny, high in low 80s today; clear and cool tonight, low of 54. Tomorrow, fair, high near 80. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today. Midnight 71 6 a.m. __62 11 a.m. __76 2 a.m ...67 8 a.m. _.62 Noon 78 4 a.m. __6s 10 a.m. __72 1 p.m. -.79 Lote New York Markets. Page A-21. 100th Year. No. 260. Truman Criticizes Eisenhower In Speech Assailing 'Pullbacks 7 Who Fight His Health Program Philadelphia Talk Blasts Advocate of 'Do Nothing' Policy By Joseph A. Fox Star Staff Correspondent PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 16. President Truman today scored the “pullbacks” opposing his na tional health program and took a plainly worded slap at Gen. Eisen hower, who has joined critics of the administration’s advocacy of “socialized medicine.” He did not mention the G. O. P. presidential candidate by name. Addressing the anual meeting of the American Hospital Association Text of Truman's Speech on Nation's Health Problems. Page A-6 in Convention Hall here, Mr. Tru man recalled the unsuccessful " fight of the past seven years to put across his plan for meeting “very expensive” medical costs against an opposition that wants “to stand still with things as they are, or even move backward." “Even now,” he continued, “they seem to be advocating the amazing proposition that Government should' have nothing to do with health except for ‘locally admin- Truman Renews Plea For Blood Donations, Says Supply Is Low By the Associated Press President Truman issued a new appeal today for blood donations, saying the reserve supplies are dangerously low. In his speech to the Amer ican Hospital Association, the President asserted: “The supply of blood needed for our troops in Korea, for the patients in your hospitals here at home, for civil de fense reserves is dangerously low. I appeal again to every American to give blood if he can.” lstered indigent medical care pro grams.” “That’s about like saying we don’t need any form of social se curity except the county poor house. These people really want to go back to the horse and buggy days.” Tax Factor Omitted. President Truman’s plan, based on the principle of compulsory in surance financed by a payroll tax, was attacked in a statement Sun- , day by Gen. Eisenhower. He said that “experience has shown that American medicine outstripped the world on a volntary basis, and on that basis—plus voluntary in surance plans, together with lo cally administered indigent medi- i cal care programs for those un able to participate—the needs of Americans will most adequately be met.” Mr. Truman did not mention specifically the compulsory tax feature, which has stirred the ire of the American Medical Associa tion and other critics in and out of Congress, but pointed out that he has invited alternative pro posals to his plan from the pull backs. The issue recalled that he has : had a special commission studying 1 the issue for the past year, in an effort to get additional recom mendations. i Cites Advances. i Mr. Truman discussed, at some , length, the advances made in , medical care, declaring “we now have the highest standard of health in our history. Life ex- \ pectancy has never been so high'; ; the occurrence of communicable< disease has never been so low.” ; Citing gains, he said the hos pitalization program of the Vet- | erans’ Administration has been < advanced “beyond what anybody < thought would be possible.” Despite the “pullbacks,” Mr. Truman said, the Government; has gone ahead, and in the past year, “we were able to meet the : needs of 18 million Americans—: one in eight of our population— wno required hospital care.” A Federal-aid program for construction of hospitals to be owned and operated by the people of local communities, the speaker continued, went into effect in 1946, and more than 1,800 proj ects for hospitals, health centers and other medical facilities have been approved. Mr. Truman also stressed that progress is being made in the field of medical research, with the Federal Government support ing about a quarter of all that is done in medical schools. President Truman was greeted by Pennsylvania’s Republican Gov. John 8. Fine and Joseph S. Clark, Democratic Mayor of Philadelphia, when his special train arrived at the Chestnut street station at 10:45 am. A small crowd was on hand at the station, and employes of a nearby office building gave the President a paper shower as he drove by, but there were few spec faun’s on his 10-block ride to the convention site, and barricades the police had put were unnecessary. Mr. Truman registered as a “delegate” to the convention, then Inspected exhibits before joining some of his hosts in a preluncheon reception. He is due back in Washington at about 5 pm. Phone ST. 5000 AFL Supporter of Eisenhower Appears to Have Deserted Him Gray, of Building Trades, Declares Taft 'Disheartened' Him in Announcing Backing By James Y. Newton Star Staff Correspondent NEW YORK, Sept. 16—Gen. Ei senhower’s presidential campaign today apparently had lost the sup port of a powerful labor leader. The man who indicated he was climbing off the Republican band wagon was Richard Gray, presi dent of the AFL Building and Construction Trades Department and one of the federation’s most influential figures. Mr. Gray said he was “tremen dously disheartened” by the re marks of Senator Taft, Republi can. of Ohio, last week in an nouncing his active support of Gen. Eisenhower. He said particu larly distasteful to him was the Senator’s statement that he and the general saw eye-to-eye on the Taft-Hartley Labor Relations Act and that the general did not favor repeal. The labor unions have waged a five-year fight for repeal of the law they contend is unfair. Decision Next Week. A month ago Mr. Gray an nounced his support of Gen. Eisenhower, saying the Democrats had not sincerely fought for Taft- Hartley repeal, and that the little they had done was ineffective. At the time he described himself as a life-long Democrat. Mr. Gray today did" not say he would work for Gov. Stevenson. But he did say he would go along with the decision of the AFL con vention here when it decides next week whether to make a presi dential indorsement and who it will be. The defection of Mr. Gray left Gen. Eisenhower virtually with Truman Sees Scheme To Crash Labor if Republicans Win President Charges Plot Was Hatched at End of War by Reactionaries By a Staff Correspondent of TH« Star NEW YORK, Sept. 16.—Presi dent Truman said today that “special interests are already grinding, their axes for a fresh at tack on labor in the event of a Republican victory” in November. Mr. Truman gave this warning in a message to the American Fed eration of Labor convention here. Joining him in attacks on the Re publicans and their presidential candidate. Gen. Eisenhower, were three administration speakers. These were Secretary of Labor Tobin, Mutual Security Adminis trator Averell Harriman and Fed eral Security Administrator Oscar Ewing. The President said “a definite plot was hatched” at the end of the war “to smash, or at least cripple, our trade union move ment in a period of postwar re action.” Accuses Politicians. He said the “conspiracy” was developed by a group of politicians working with reactionary employ ers. These men, he added, were confident the unions could be beat en down as they were after World War I. But the conspiracy largely was thwarted by the Democrats after the Republican conspirators had succeeded in enacting the Taft- Hartley law. Mr. Truman called on the AFL to help elect the Democratic can didates and thus make sure repeal of the Taft-Hartley law and preservation of the rights of labor. Secretary Tobin, in a speech handed out by the Democratic Na tional Committee, assailed Gen. Eisenhower and the Republicans as the party of reaction. He said that under the Taft-Hartley Act the growth of the labor movement had been negligible. He added that repeal of the law was “a mat ter of life or death” for the labor movement. Refers to Taft. Mr. Tobin said the voters, be fore they will put faith in Gen. Eisenhower’s statements about a housecleaning in Washington, “are going to want to know how much housecleaning (he) has done in the Republican Party.” The Secretary said that Gen. Eisenhower, in siding with Sen ator Taft. Republican, of Ohio, on the matter of opposing Taft-Hart ley repeal, showed that he was no friend of labor. He pointed out that Senator Taft said his only difference pith Gen. Eisenhower on foreign policy was one of degree. “It is a question of degree,” Mr. Harriman said. “It is a question i of whether we are going to look : after the security of the country and we can have that only one way. And we can’t have that se i curity the Taft way. Soviet Gen. Petrov Dies I MOSCOW, Sept. 16 (A*).—The : Moscow press today reported the i death of Maj. Gen. Alexei Petrov, 44. The announcement said he i had served throughout World War H at the front in command posts. W\t fuming \ ✓ J v y WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION , ** WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1952—FORTY-SIX PAGES. out support in the top echelons of organized labor. AFL Vice President William L. Hutcheson " is a life-long Republican and a 1 Taft man. Vice President Wil ’ liam McFetridge, head of the , Building Service Union, supported \ Gov. Thomas E. Dewey four years ’ ago. But neither has come out j for Gen. Eisenhower this time. General Speaks Tomorrow. Eisenhower supporters have been turning on the heat to prevent 'an AFL indorsement of Gov. Stevenson. One of the most active 'in this respect is Harold E. \ Stassen. j Gen. Eisenhower will address | the labor convention tomorrow. | Mr. Stassen, it was learned, tried | to arrange an “intimate” break : fast meeting between the general ! and top AFL leaders. He was told, ,an AFL spokesman said, that [ whatever the general had to say he should say it before all the ’ convention delegates. Gov. Dewey in a speech yester day urged the convention not to . be “impetuous” and indorse Gov. i Stevenson. He pointed out the AFL “didn’t do so well” the only ! other time it gave blessing to a . presidential candidate —in 1924 : when the federation supported the third party candidate of the ' elder Senator Robert LaFollette. In his own gubernatorial cam : paigns, Gov. Dewey pointed out rather bluntly to the labor dele ; gates, he had won handily despite AFL opposition. However, signs were increasing that the AFL would indorse Gov. Stevenson after his speech to the convention next Monday. Eisenhower to Fly East for Major Talk To AFL Tomorrow Address by Candidate May Make or Break Him in Campaign By Crosby S. Noyes Star Staff Correspondent ABOARD THE EISENHOWER SPECIAL, Sept. 16.—Gen. Eisen hower leaves his campaign train parked on a Minnesota siding to day to fly back to New York for a major labor policy speech before the American Federation of Labor convention. As of last night, there was no definite word and few hints about Excerpts From Whistle-Stop Talks Made by Eisenhower. Page A-4 Morse Deloys Text of AFL Talk Until Eisenhower Speaks. Pago A-3 Stevenson Continues to Work on Speeches He'll Make on Tour. Pago A-5 the position the G. O. P. candidate will take on the issues which may make or break him in his bid for the presidency. He will leave the train in St. Paul for the labor speech, to be delivered m New York at 11 a.m. tomorrow. Tomorrow night he flies back to rejoin the train at Rock Island, 111., to continue his high - powered Midwestern speaking tour. Calls for Consistent Farm Plan. As his train moved into Minne sota this morning, Gen. Eisen hower issued a call for a con sistent farm program. Before a crowd of about 3,000 at Albert Lea, the general accused the Democrats of putting the farmer “in the mid dle” by conflicting price control and agricultural aid programs. He said farmers were “caught in the middle” last fall when the Office of Price Stabilization threat ened to clamp price controls on hogs at the same time the Agricul ture Department was saying the oversupply of hogs would prevent any price increases. “As for the Republicans, we will be consistent,”, Gen. Eisenhower said. In the course of a 14-hour day (See EISENHOWER, Page A-3.) Kefauver Plans to Work 'Vigorously' for Stevenson By the Auociatad Fret* Sentor Kefauver telephoned Democratic National Committee headquarters from France today to say he’ll be back in the United States next week ready to conduct a vigorous campaign for the party ticket. “I want to work vigorously for the election of Gov. Stevenson and Senator Sparkman," Senator Ke fauver said. The Tennessee Senator’s cam paign swing will start October 2 with speeches at Centerville and Cedar Rapids, lowa. Then he’ll tour through South Dakota. Washington, Oregon, Cal ifornia, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Michigan. Ohio, Illinois and Con necticut, in most of which he won presidential primaries. Wake Island Hit By Typhoon; 600 To Be Evacuated Buildings Destroyed; Victims Sleep in Grounded Planes By tha Associated Press HONOLULU. Sept. 16.—A rag ing typhoon with winds up to 140 miles an hour lashed tiny Wake Island yesterday, demolished liv ing quarters and communications and sent crashing over the entire island. Mountainous seas and torren tial rains battered the island which is only 15 feet above sea level, all afternoon, subsiding only late at night. Air-sea rescue planes left Hon olulu’s Hickam Field and Kwaja lein this morning with food, water and medical supplies for the 600 men, women and children ma rooned on the coral speck 2,300 miles west of here. The military transport Ains worth was diverted from its course about 700 miles southwest of Wake and ordered to evacuate the stricken residents and transients. Scattered messages received here painted a picture of devastation. Injuries Only Minor. An unidentified Civii Aeronau tics Authority maintenance man cranked up the radio of a grounded plane and gave first de tails of the disaster. The only injuries reported were comparatively minor: One man with a broken leg, another with fractured ribs. Gordon T. Maxwell, a Pan American Airways executive, re ported to his San Francisco office from Wake that all the company’s facilities were destroyed. He said no Pan American personnel was hurt. He said water covered the island and marooned victims were sleep ing in grounded planes. During the storm, Mr. Maxwell said, every one took refuge in World War n underground Japa nese gun emplacements and am munition vaults. Two air-sea rescue planes are expected to reach the stricken island today. The Ainsworth is expected there tomorrow. Water Supply Is Problem. CAA dispatches sent via a grounded plane’s radio requested the removal of all but essential personnel. The Hawaiian Sea Frontier said that would mean about 90 per cent of 600 employes and family members attached to the CAA, the Weather Bureau and various airlines. The most serious problem on Wake is the disruption of its lim ited water supplies. Restoration is expected to take some time. In Tokyo a spokesman said Pan American has a stratocruiser ready to take nurses, medical and other supplies to Wake “whenever we can get there.” The plane and other Strato cruiser standing by in Honolulu are equipped to evacuate the in jured. Most of the buildings on the shattered island are remnants of wartime construction projects— quonset huts and shacks. There are only three solid stqpl and con crete buildings. President Truman and Gen. Mac Arthur held their historic conference in one of them in October, 1950. 2 Rescued After Boat Hits Pilings and Sinks in Bay By th« Associated Prut SOLOMONS ISLAND, Md.. Sept. 16.—The skipper of a small cargo boat and his deck hand were res cued from Chesapeake Bay today after their craft hit an obstruction in the darkness and sank. The rescued men were Capt. J. C. Burton of Kinsale, Va., and H. B. Pope of Baltimore. Their craft, the Margaret Trav ers, bound for Baltimore with 44,000 cases of canned beans, hit some pilings near the mouth of the Patuxent River used as a target for testing planes from the Pa tuxent Naval Air Station. Capt. Burton and Mr. Pope said the pilings had no warning lights, although they are required by marine regulations. ' Impact with the pilings knocked the pilot house off the Margaret Travers. Capt. Burton and Mr. Pope clung to it while it drifted dowffthe bay. They were picked up by the Virgie Garrison about 12 miles south of Solomons Island. The accident occurred about 1:45 a.m. Suitor Storms Into Office, Beats Up Rival and Wins Girl By (ho Auociatad Frau LONDON, Sept. 16.—Winifred Haggerty, blond, beautiful and 21, could not make up her mind whether to marry Leslie Hook, who worked in the same office, or Laborer William Brooks. She pondered for months. Finally Brooks acted. He stormed into Winifred’s office, swung her around by the hair, and beat up his rival, fracturing Hook’s skull. He eventually was carried off to jail after a fight with three police men. The fracas got Brooks 21 Wrong Turn?. Spurt in Building Predicted As Curbs on Housing Credit End Realty Men Believe Many Businesses Will Be Helped by Federal Reserve Action By William A. Millen A general business boom, espe cially in the building industry was forecast today by Washington real estate leaders, following the lifting of credit restrictions on new housing. The Federal Reserve Board yes terday suspended its Regulation X which limited credit the buyers of new housing could obtain. Both residential and commercial prop erty are affected by the order, effective today. Frank J. Luchs, executive vice president and treasurer of Shan non & Luchs Co., reiltors, who is also president of tho District Chap ter of the American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers, said: “I feel that it is splendid that we are getting rid of these onerous controls and that we will now be able onqe again to let the normal law of supply and demand operate. This means that the buyer and the seller can set their own prices in a free market. It should definitely speed up the sale of new residen tial property. All Price Ranges. “This will affect all price ranges—the $25,000 home as well as the $12,000 to $14,000 home. A man buying a home for over $24,000 has had to pay 50 per cent in cash. The man buying a $15,000 home has had to pay over $4,000 cash. And that’s been just as difficult for one as for the other. “I understand that the min imum down payment in veterans’ cases will be 5 per cent by law. But I know from actual experi ence with mortgage bankers and lenders that a larger down pay ment will be required in most cases. It is my opinion that, on houses in the $12,000-to-$20,000 price range for veterans, a down payment of at least 10 per cent will be needed. "The suspension of Regulation X on commercial property will open up considerable construction of new commercial projects.” Overdue, Says Carr. Edward R. Carr, president of the Washington Real Estate Board and former president of the Na tional Association of Home Build ers, had this to say: “It’s long overdue, and I believe will help business materially. One of the main things is people have been waiting to see what is going to be done. The mere fact of a decision should be a stimulation.” In making its anouncement yes terday afternoon, the Federal Re serve Board said; "Conventional mortgage loans are, of course, still subject to basic State and Federal statutes governing real estate loans by financial institutions. The Labor Department advised the board that, during June, July and August, the number of hous ing units started was below a sea sonally adjusted annual rate of 1.2 million. The Defense Production Act, as amended, required that Regulation X he lifted when new housing started in three consecu- months in jail—and made up Winifred’s mind for her. As soon as Brooks left the courtroom to begin his sentence, she announced that he was the winner. "He has shown he loves me even if he showed it the wrong way,” : she declared. Os the defeated Hook, Winifred said, “He made no attempt to get in touch with me since he came out of the hospital. 1 1 don’t want a man who doesn’t want me.” . Commented Hook, “He can have her." tive months dropped below that figure Regulation X down payment re quirements ranged from 5 per cent on houses costing $7,000 or less to 40 per cent on those valued at $25,000 or above. In Effect Since 1950. Regulation X had been in effect since October, 1950. It set offi cial limits on the amount of credit which lenders could give in selling homes and Commercial property. The regulation applied only to new buildings. A principal pur pose of the regulation as well as of credit restrictions on home sales Involving Government loans or guarantees was to prevent home and commercial construction from contributing to inflation. Federal Reserve Board an nouncement of suspension of Regulation X was accompanied yesterday by a Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency order which eased down-payment re quirements on Government-backed housing. The net effect will be to per mit a purchaser to buy a home or commercial property on what ever terms he can arrange with out Government supervision or regulation. Regulation X could be put back into force at some future time. Congress has provided that it could be restored if during any three months the number of housing units started went above 1.2 million on an annual basis. Man Phones Police, Then Kills Himself Police efforts to prevent a 30- year-old carpenter from carrying out his threat to kill himself failed early today. The man, Luther W. Blanchard, of 1607 Irving street N.W., called police shortly after 1 a.m. and announceed that he was going to commit suicide. Police dispatched a scout car to the address he gave. Tenth Precinct Pvts. Douglas M. Smith and Hafry M. Blandy said they were running up the steps to Mr. Blanchard’s room when they heard a shot. They found the jgjrpentor -lying on his bed with a bullet hole in the center of his fore head. At his feet was a .22-caliber rifle. Mr. Blanchard died an hour later in Emergency Hospital. A note written by Mr. Blanch ard on the back of a bill of sale for a 1952 automobile gave no reason for his act. It assured police no foul play was involved. Coroner A. Magruder MacDon ald issed a suicide certificate. Alexandria Woman Killed Under Track Mrs. Mignon Mundy Johnson, 25, of 1333 Powhatan street, Alex andria, was killed today when a tractor-trailer backed over her near Potomac Yards. The accident occurred at Swann avenue and Oakville street, Alex andria. Mrs. Johnson had just left the employment office of Melpar, Inc., on Swann avenue, where she applied for a job. She was to return for an inter view after lunch. Alexandria police said Mrs. Johnson apparently was crossing i Oakville street as the Ihrge As sociated Transport truck started backing into the street. Mrs. Johnson, a graduate of the University of Alabama, was the 1 wife of Carl Oden Johnson, who is • a dental student at Georgetown < University. : The truck was driven by Rich- ‘ ard Hamilton Prentice. 29. of the < 200 block of Sixty-eighth place, < Seat Pleasant, Md. i Guide for Readers Fago Fagt Amusements A-14-15 Lost and Found A-3 Classified —B-13-20 Obituary A-12 Comics B-22-23 Radio-TV B-21 Editorial .A-10 Sports A-17-19 Edit. Articles.. A-11 Woman’s Financial A-21 Section B-2-6 Bobo Delivery. Monthly Rotes: Kvenlnt and Sunday. 51.75; S PTpMTQ Iveninc only. SI.SO: Sunday only. 46c: Night Final. 10c Additional. ** V-EJlv A O Six Marine Jet Pilots Crash Into Hillside One After Another Leader's Instruments Believed at Fault in Korean War Tragedy ly th« Associated Press AN AIR FIELD IN KOREA, Sept. 15 (delayed by censor).—Six , United States Marine Panther jets crashed one after another into \ two mist-covered mountains in ’ South Korea last Wednesday, kill i ing the pilots, United States offi cers disclosed today. | The jet fighters were part of a ; group of 21 returning from a com ■ bat mission in North Korea. [ Skies were dark and murky. The weather closed in over the . squadron’s home base. The planes l were ordered to land instead at I an Air Force field. Fifteen of the squadron landed 1 safely at the Air Force field. Were Short of Fuel. Informants said the other six were led by a lieutenant, whose ' instruments apparently were 1 faultv. The lieutenant radioed at dusk ! that he was over the Air Force field and the six planes were short of fuel. That was the last heard ‘ from the six. Helicopter and Allied planes be - gan a search next morning. The search planes found the , wreckage of the Panther jets Fri ’ day in rugged terrain between Taegu and Pohang, north of the temporary South Korean capital of Pusan. Five of the planes had crashed into one mountain. The sixth had sailed over the top of the moun tain and crashed into another be yond. Air Force officers said five of > the pilots, apparently flying in ! formation, had followed the flight leaders to their deaths. In Guerrilla Territory. I Maj. Gen. Clayton Jerome, com l mander of the Ist Marine Air > Wing, said a board of inquiry had investigated the crashes but its • findings were not disclosed. i One source said the jets crashed t in guerrilla territory and helicop r ters which tried to recover the . bodies were shot at and were un [ able to land. This was not con • firmed officially. t This source said paratroopers . had to be dropped near the moun • tain. The bodies were brought out • by the paratroopers by land, he added. | In Washington the dead, all ! members of the Able Eagle Squad [ ron, were listed as: Maj. Raymond E. DeMers, 33, Genesee, Idaho; Maj. Donald F. Givens, 29, Attle boro, Mass.; Ist Lt. Alvin R. Bourgeois, 27, Detroit, Mich., and 2d Lts. John W. Hill, jr., 25, Moncks Corner, S. C.; Carl R. LaFleur, 23, Pooleville, N. Y„ and Richard Lee Roth, 21, Lock Ridge, lowa. Bandits Get $15,000 From Bank in Bronx ly the Associated Pros* NEW YORK, Sept. 18.—Two men held up the Manufacturers Trust Co. branch at 3015 Third avenue, the Bronx, today and es caped with an estimated $15,000. One of the bandits leaped over a 5-foot teller cage partition and ran from cage to cage, scooping up the money, police said. The pair then fled in a green sedan. 215 Ships Lost in Year LONDON, Sept. 18 Register reported today that 215 of the world’s ships were lost in disasters at sea during 1951. America headed the casualty list with 14 lost vessels. They to talled 49,889 tons. The report covered only vessels of 100 or more tons. . An Associated Press Newspaper Court Upsets 10c Phone Calls In Maryland Increase Granted by Utilities Board in March Overruled By fho Associated Press BALTIMORE. Sept. 16.—Chief Circuit Court Judge W. Conwell Smith, in an opinion written for release today, reversed the coin box increase granted the Chesa peake & Potomac Telephone Co. by the Maryland Public Servica Commission. He added that a proper consid eration of the case by the com mission might have resulted in a “reduction instead of an increase in telephone charges.” In a decision last March, the PSC authorized the company to boost coin-box charges from 5 to 10 cents, but denied increases in charges for other telephone service. The commission also fixed the fair value of the company at sllß,- 279,156. Appeal Is Expected. Judge Smith said he under stands his decision will be taken to the Court of Appeals. It is ex pected the 10-cent coin box charge will remain in effect pending the appeal. The commission ruling granting the increase had been appealed by the city and the People’s counsel, who wanted it wiped out, and the telephone company, which thought it inadequate. Judge Smith said in his opinion that the rate base was not sup ported by “substantial evidence.” He said the rate of return was established without giving weight to tax economy and tax advan tage. “If the telephone company were competing with others,” he de clared, “you may be sure it would be availing Itself of all possible economies in operation, including tax economy.” Advantage for Stockholder. “That it does not adopt a finan cial structure which will produce such economies is due to the fact that American Telephone & Tele graph, its only stockholder, re alizes a tax advantage from the all-stock structure ...” the judge found. “The tax rate on American’s in come is 17 per cent; on its divi dends from CdcP, it is only 8 per cent. And It will continue to be so, just so long as he commis sion permits it.” said judge Smith. A Public Service Commission hearing on the C&P’s application to boost residential service from 25 to 50 cents a .month, was re cessed yesterday until September 25 after the company completed its case. The utility told the PSC its present request for a temporary increase to raise its income by $830,000 a year is “ultra conserva tive.” New Rate Plea Planned. W. Griffin Morrel, vice presi dent, said the company will ask for further increases in a futura application for permanent rates. He said the C&P is asking for temporary increases now because hearing on a permanent applica tion would take too long. Mr. Morrell cited recent wage increases amounting to $2,400,000 a year and plant construction costing S2B million as reasons for boosting its monthly rates. “The more people we serve the more expensive it becomes to serve each one,” Mr. Morrel ad ded. He said the number of tele phones has increased from 690,000 at the end of last September to 735,000 last July and that plant investment for each has jumped from $255 to $261. Where Increases Would Go. Lewis M. Smith, assistant vice president, explained how the com pany proposes to distribute the increased rates sought. Flat rate residential services in the metropolitan areas and local area exchanges in the counties would be increased 25 cents a month, and individual unlimited service 50 cents. U . S. Population Rises 6 Million in 2 Years To 157 Million Mark The population of the United States stood at 157,- 269,000 on August 1, the Bu reau of the Census reported today. This represents an increase of 254,000 over July 1. The 1950 census listed the population as 151,132,000. Thus the population has in creased 6,137,000 in little over two years. More States Sampled On Political Opinion ELECTION SURVEY—How will tfco Mountain and Western States go la November? Auociated Frew Writer Douglas I. Cornell offers a preview based on local newspaper opinion in a story on pago A-4. LITTLE THINGS—Life is mado up of them and can bo mado boppior by observing them to thair fullest. So soys Carolyn Coggins m bar party-giving series on pago B-4. MORE MUTINY—The famous story •f rebellion on the high seas is con tinued in the serialization of Hormau Week's book, "The Caine Mutiny,” on Wl-7.