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With Doily Evening Edition. WASHING TON 4, D. C. Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN. President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St and Pennsylvania Avo. NEW YORK OFFICE: 420 Ltxington Avo. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Avo. Delivered by Carrier Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday Monthly 1.75* Monthly 1.30* Monthly 65c Weekly 40c Weekly 30c Weekly 15c • 10c additional for Night Final Edition.' Rotes by Mail—Payable in Advance Anywhere in the United State* Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday ] year . 25.00 I year ... 17 00 I year 10.00 6 month* 13.00 6 month* ... 9.00 6 month* 5.50 • month 2.23 1 month .... 2.00 1 month 1.25 Telephone Sterling 3-5000 Entered at the Post Office, Washington. 0 C. a* »*cond-clo»» mail matter. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use far republication of all the local news printed in tnis newspaper as well os all A. P. news dispatches. A-34 Hospital Center Delay Opinions differ as to whether the proposed withholding of additional funds for the im portant Washington Hospital Center would slow down progress on the long-delayed project. The General Services Administration says it intends to proceed with planning and construction “as rapidly as circumstances permit.” Center offi cials, on the other hand, are convinced that the proposed cancellation of its budget request inevitably will mean more of the frustrating delays that have plagued the undertaking from the outset. They will ask for restoration of at least $1 million of the original $3 million esti mated as needed to carry out the design and construction schedules. Congress should give careful consideration to this appeal, for any unnecessary postponement of center plans will aggravate the bad conditions prevailing at old and decrepit hospitals which the center will replace. In an effort to co-operate with the ad ministration’s program for reducing expendi tures this year, center officials accepted without protest a 66 per cent slash in the $3-million estimate. The decision by GSA to eliminate even the sl-million “minimum” item came as a severe jolt to those who are worried over pos sible effects of any prolonged delay in bringing the center into reality. The 800-bed center will replace the old and deteriorating buildings now occupied by Emergency, Episcopal and Garfield Hospitals. Repairs on the present structures, although urgently needed, have been put off in the expectation that new quarters would be ready within two or three years. If there is to be a further postponement of the completion date, however, money will have to be spent on repairs before very long. Such expenditures would tend to offset any temporary economies effected by withholding new funds from the center. Charles S. Dewey, president of the center, told the subcommittee at a previous hearing that $1 million was the minimum sum needed to carry on the work. He testified that he had Informed the Budget Bureau that “we will do anything but postpone” the center program. “A postponement at this time,” he asserted, “doing nothing, stopping all construction, all further work, would completely stop all pos sibilities. so far as I can see, of ever having this hospital center ” It may be that the GSA has good reasons for changing its mind about the necessity for a sl-million appropriation. One of its representatives told the subcommittee that a restudy of the project indicated that funds remaining from a previous appropriation would be sufficient to continue preliminary operations. In view of the conflicting opinions as to the effect of the budget cut, caution would be advisable in applying the economy ax to the hospital center. A special study of the local hospital situation by the new Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, might be helpful in enlightening the Budget Bureau, the GSA and Congress on the urgency of Washington’s hospital problem and the danger of deferring plans for its solution. Dr. Mo/on's Victory The outcome of the general election in the Union of South Africa adds up to a sweeping victory for Prime Minister Daniel F. and his Nationalist Party. He has greatly increased his strength in Parliament. As a resuit, his country’s policy of racial segregation is likely to become stricter than ever, and he himself—as some of his opponents fear—may be tempted to move in the direction of a dictatorial govern ment and ultimate secession from the British Commonwealth. Racial segregation, of course, is deeply rooted in South Africa’s traditions and history. Called “apartheid,” it is a system under which some nine million native Negroes—the great majority of the population—are figuratively walled off from the rest of the people and denied any voice in the government. In addi tion, about one million “coloreds”—half-castes and Asiatics, most of whom are Indians—are similarly segregated, although they have limited voting rights. Finally, there is the Union’s white minority. This is made up of approxi mately three million persons whose political prerogatives are in no way circumscribed. They are the ruling class. However, even though the whites are in favor of “apartheid” (many non-whites are in favor of it, too), they bitterly disagree among themselves as to whether the system should be relaxed, kept as it has been through the past or be made even more severe. Broadly speaking, they divide into two main groups. The one that wants stricter segregation consists of Dr. Malan and the Nationalists, who are mostly descend ants of the Boers and whose language is a variety of Dutch. The other, represented prin cipally by the United Party, is made up chiefly of English-speaking people of English stock— the moderate element whose parliamentary strength has been sharply reduced in the gen eral election. Apart from their distaste for a more stringent form of “apartheid,” these moderate South Africans have been opposed to Dr. Malan because of a suspicion that he is ambitious to establish a dictatorial one-party rule under which he might sever the country’s ties with the British Commonwealth. The suspicion may do him an injustice, but his critics argue that it has too much substance in it to be laughed off. What has made them fearful is the record of his effort last year to make his Nationalist controlled legislature superior to the Union’s supreme court—an effort to render the court powerless to pass upon the constitutionality of any of the legislature’s acts. Now that the general election has given him Important new strength, Dr. Malan—dn addition to pressing for stricter segregation— may well try to do what his opponents fear. It must be hoped, however, that he will show a sense of responsibility and not seek to deprive his country of what is a prime bulwark of liberty in all free lands—the judiciary's con stitutional power to rule against legislative or executive excesses. If he and his party do not exercise restraint on that score, the victory he has won can have bitter consequences for South Africa. Free Enterprise and the Atom The Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy will soon have before it a far reaching set of policy proposals aimed at speeding up the day when the atom will be harnessed as a large-scale source of peacetime power. In effect, if adopted, the proposals will bring to an end what has thus far been the tightest governmental monopoly in our history —necessarily so. Drafted -over a period of several months by the Atomic Energy Commission, the proposed program has been based on years of careful co-operative study by both the AEC and some of the Nation’s biggest utility companies. What the study has confirmed, beyond reasonable doubt, is that the atom eventually will be able to compete on at least equal terms with coal, oil, gas and falling water as a major producer of industrial power. How soon that time will come remains uncertain, but more than a few experts believe that the prospect will begin to materialize in 1960 if private enterprise is given sufficient freedom, meanwhile, to under take serious operations in this potentially revo lutionary field. Such freedom does not now exist. It is expressly ruled out by the law enacted by Congress in 1946. However, that law also pro vides that the Atomic Energy Commission should consult with the President on the pos sibility of ending our governmental monopoly if developments reach a point where private enterprise seems capable of producing nuclear power for industrial purposes on an economi cally feasible basis and without danger to the Nation’s security. Accordingly, in keeping with this provision and because private enterprise apparently has the necessary capability, the AEC—supported by the White House—has formulated proposals envisioning legislative changes to eliminate or greatly modify some of the most important of present-day restrictions. Although the AEC’s program has not been made public as yet, its main reported points suggest that Congress should seriously con sider amending the 1946 law to permit private enterprise to do the following: (1) Operate its own plants, under Federal license, with critical or overcritical quantities of fissionable ma terials—that is, quantities large enough for superdeadly A-weapons; (2) produce, through the use of dual-purpose reactors, not only in dustrial power, but also plutonium: (3) sell the plutonium to the Government at a certain guaranteed price; and (4) acquire patent rights to any special processes it develops. Even a cursory glance at these proposals makes clear that they are not likely to be adopted without the fullest and most searching study. Members of the Joint Atomic Committee have wisely taken a cautious view of them, and the AEC itself—in its January report to Con gress—has been at pains to emphasize that the considerations involved are many and complex, raising unique and difficult problems bearing upon such matters as deciding on ownership of plants, defining licensing procedures, ar ranging for non-governmental use and produc tion of extraordinarily dangerous materials, maintaining adequate secrecy, agreeing on patents rights, protecting public safety and fixing liability in case of disaster. These problems, however, are by no means insoluble. Formidable as they are, there can be no doubt that ways will be found to cope with them satisfactorily and that our private industry will be operating, in due course, in the field of nuclear energy. The AEC’s proposals are in line, in any case, with the logic of de velopments in a Nation whose greatness has come primarily from free enterprise. That enterprise, working with the atom, can add much to American strength. Beyond that, it can open up bright new vistas for areas of the world that are backward largely because they lack coal and other sources of power essential to human betterment. Less Taxes, More Sugar Keying its action to an improved world trade relationship, the British government has announced a reduction in certain taxes and has pledged that it will seek no new levies in the coming fiscal year. In addition, an early end of sugar rationing has been promised. Aside from the economic progress which this type of news implies, and the comfort it brings to any citizenry, probably the most con structive tax reforms announced were those intended to encourage modernization and ex pansion of the national industrial plant. One of these was the reinstatement of the practice of allowing tax rebates to business interests for reinvestment of profits in capital improvements. The other was the termination of the excess profits tax on industry as of next January 1. To Britain, this encouragement to expansion and greater efficiency in production could pay further important dividends in the future. While American defense aid played its part in brightening the British economic re port—and it was so acknowledged by Chancellor of the Exchequer Butler—the United Kingdom’s world trading surplus and the improvement in gold and dollar reserves of the sterling area each exceeded the total of such assistance. The government action at this time, however, does not mean that Britain has all its economic worries solved. The tax relief given is some thing of a gamble that it will result in equal or even greater revenues through greater turn over of products, or a long-term increase in production for export. Furthermore, world trade is a variable that can turn down as well as up—particularly in the face of intensified competition from such quarters as Germany and Japan, each of which is clamoring for greater world markets. At the moment, though, the British eco nomic news is on the good side. Red Cross Goes Over The success of this year’s Red Cross fund campaign in the Metropolitan Area, which has reached 100.12 per cent of the goal, is highly gratifying. This achievement is due to the tireless efforts of the host of volunteer workers under the direction of Campaign Chairman R. Roy Dunn and to the generosity of the thousands of contributors. To all of them, The Star extends its warmest congratulations for their splendid service in a great humanitarian cause. SUNDAY, April 19, 1953 Spires of the Spirit Religion Is Dynamite One of the most popular news col umnists recently pictured two men talking together about today’s world. They finally took up the subject of religion. One of the men said to the other: “We’ve got to stay out of re ligion. It’s dynamite.” So it is. Even Jesus, the greatest of spiritual teach ers. declared that if religion is crystal lized into faith the size of a tiny mustard seed there is enough power stored in it to remove mountains. It is that startling truth which makes some people, when religion ventures outside the dim religious light of sanctuaries, label it: “Dangerous! Keep away!” Some time ago a great newspaper— great, at least, in circulation—under took to say what should and should not be talked about in church pulpits of the land. It pontiflcally declared that it was altogether right for the pulpit to discuss “personal piety” and “domestic morality.” It was equally positive that it is altogether wrong and improper for the church to concern it self with business, industry or politics. In other words, it cautioned the church to keep its dynamite out of ordinary human relationships. The editorial board that made that pronounce ment seemed to be perfectly will ing that religion should be an escape, a shield, perhaps even an opiate or an anesthetic: but they warned it against being a mountain-mover. * * Now, ofttimes when secular critics thus cry out against pulpits mixing in politics and about the necessity for preachers to stick to what they call the simple Gospel, their real motive is not to keep inviolate the sacredness of the church: but to keep the insights of religion from revealing the godless ness of their own sacred preserves. They really are trying to keep moral dynamite, dangerous from their point of view, from the areas where men really live. This attitude, of course, can be understood. Genuine faith is so explosive that it has blown to Kingdom Come hoary so cial evils which have stood stubbornly in the way of human progress. Across the centuries there have been those, who themselves stood to profit by some form of exploitation of their fellow men, who have cried to high heaven against the dynamite of religion being put where it might explode and pul verize some castle of special privilege. There are even some churchgoers who regard the church as a pillow of repose, rather than as a pillar of protest. The fact is that religion was dyna Letters to The Star.. Open Police Hearing A crisis will be reached shortly in Dis trict affairs. Chief Murray is to be com mended for insisting on an explanation from the two suspended police in spectors relative to their rapid accumu lation of wealth. Probably their ex planation will be plausible. I am sure most of us hope so and would be inclined to give them the benefit of the doubt, but it will be lamentable if it is not disclosed publicly. A false sense of loyalty that stigma tizes the majority because of the lack of discipiline of the erring few is in excusable. Complete faith in the Metropolitan Police Department and their hoped for uplift in morale will be impossible if the hearings are closed to the public. It is futile to expect a revision of the regulations to increase the punishment of convicted criminals will be effective if people generally be lieve some police are or have been in league with criminals. Tolerant Resident. Fairfax Grows “Disgusted Taxpayer” has a long lament on the tax muddle in Fairfax County which he believes is being caused by the influx of outsiders. If he would look below the surface of his tax problem he would discern that the reason taxes on "real estate” are so high is not really the increase of peo ple but what this increase of popula tion has done to make Fairfax County important and “put it on the map.” The community has become more im portant because increase of popula tion made it more convenient center of exchange of goods and services which in the nature of things has made the land more valuable in that part of Virginia. Land in Fairfax County has doubled and tripled in value (or whatever the increase is) because of one stubborn fact—the overflow of population over the boundaries of the District of Co lumbia caused by the fast growth of Washington in the last 15 years. More people, more value to the land. Wit ness the huge sum paid recently, $750,- 000 for land owned at some important corner in Fairfax. Now, the important thing to remember is that this tre mendous increase in the land value has Fifty Years Ago in The Star . . . The Star of April 15, 1903. carried a report of a meeting of the Mount Pleasant Citizens’ Voteless Association at Washingtonians which two of the 3 District Commis sioners attended, and quoted E. B. Townsend, president of the association, as saying that “it is humiliating to realize that here under the dome of the Capitol the people are denied their birthright as American citizens, are not permitted to exercise a voice in their own affairs.” Voting, the speaker continued, was “a glorious heritage.’’ It “crowns the individual citizen with (the) right to declare his choice, to exercise his own judgment and so prepare him and fit him to ac cept the verdict as to how he shall live and by whom he shall be governed.” Denied the privilege of the franchise, Mr. Townsend insisted, a resident of the Federal City is “almost ashamed to acknowledge" his association with Washington. Commissioner Macfar land answered in an address beginning: “I am opposed to the introduction of partisan politics in any form in the District of Columbia.” * * On April 17, 1903, The Star printed an announcement from Chicago via New York that Lolita Lolita Armour Armour was\ “no Walks longer a cripple.” Dr. Adolph Lorenz of Vi enna had been successful in the opera tion and treatment which he had ar ranged for the correction of the little girl’s congenital deformity. The child could —and did—walk. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. Ogden Armour, had offered the famous physician and surgeon $30.- mite in the hands of the Hebrew prophets, from whom the social passion of Christianity springs. Amos, Micah, Isaiah, Jeremiah and the rest of them, in spite of no-trespassing signs, in sisted on planting the dynamite of their faith dangerously near the evils which barred the multitudes from more abundant life. They had surprisingly little to say about a distant heaven. They were this-worldly through and through. Their pronouncements were indictments of rulers and priests who put ceremony before conduct, who rev eled in plenty while the people starved and who were experts in nest-feather ing rackets. To be true to that pro phetic tradition, how can we deny that in the name of righteousness the en tire political fabric must be mastered and controlled by right-minded men, working according to right principles until the whole round of human rela tionships, including goverhment, indus try, work, art and letters is cleansed and held up to God an offering well pleasing in His sight? Yet there are those who, in spite of the contagion of the germs of ethical disease, in municipal, national and international affairs, would hold the religion of the prophets and of the Great Galilean at arm’s length, exclaiming: “Do not bring religion into politics or business!” * * A businessman, who on Sunday helped to take up the collection in a fashionable church, stood on Monday in the midst of the acquisitive confusion of the New York Stock Exchange and, when one whom he labeled as pious ven tured to say something in the name of Christian ethics, angrily exclaimed: not been brought about by any one in dividual but by the community as a whole. If the community as a whole gives value to a certain locality by virtue of growth of population, would it not be just and reasonable to collect the ground rent by means of a graduated land value tax? Bear in mind this is not a tax on land in area, DUt land ad valorem; or strictly according to its value. This system of taxation would fall heaviest on city land and lightly on farmland, just the opposite of what a superficial consideration would indi cate. Such a tax would bring the relief homeowners and farmers are crying for. A tax on land values could not be shifted and if adapted over a period of years (as it would be necessary) would eventually remove all taxes on homes, farm buildings, landscaping or any other improvements created by the labor and of the owner. There is a crying need in this coun try for public education in the economic common sense of Henry George demon started lucidly and logically in his great writings. Our universities have chosen to play with the destructive theories of Marx and Keynes and we are paying the -penalty in confusion, waste and inertia. “Where there is no light, the people perish.” Economicus. G. O. P. Sweeps Vigorously The latest outrage of the present ad ministration, the handling of the Alt meyer case at Federal Security, cer tainly proves that the Republican Party is without a heart. They have made that abundantly clear from the firing of the White House telephone operator to the unfeeling manner of dropping Mr. Altmeyer, the father of the whole Social Security System. As the new broom which was going to sweep clean takes a few swipes it appears to have been badly muddied, as witness the Wesley Roberts fiasco. For the sake of the whole country, I do hope the new administration soon gets comfortable and secure enough with Itself that ft no longer needs to make scapegoats of such outstanding public servants as Mr. Altmeyer and Dr. Astin. 000 to come to America in her behalf. While here. Dr. Lorenz treated hun dreds of other children, most of them without charge. The Star published scores of news reports, features and editorials about his work up to the time of his death in 1946. Lolita became Mrs. Mitchell Wilder, an esteemed per sonality in Washington as well as Chi cago society. * * Reporting that the annual egg rolling at the White House had been can celed because of inclement No Eag weather, The Star, for April Roilina 13, 1903, quoted an anon y _ ’ mous police sergeant as fol lows: “I am glad that there is nothing doing here today. This whole thing is an impractical, antiquated af fair, and the better people of Washing ton ought to urge its abolition. More diseases are communicated from one day’s egg rolling than from a hundred other gatherings during the year in Washington. Besides that, the children who come here never hear or see any thing that benefits them. Frequently they hear other children say things and see them do things that their parents would be shocked if they were aw T are of.” * * A review of a “pop” or “popular” con cert given at the National Theater by the De Koven Symphony 'Pod' Orchestra the previous eve ning appeared in The Star L.oncerr Qf April 13 1903 -Liberal enthusiasm.” it was ex plained. was manifested by the audi ence. "which was disposed to take By Frederick Brown Harris Minister. Foundry Methodist Church: Chaplain. United. States Senate. “We don’t want any of the stage play of Calvary here.” Yet the eternal truth of the incarnation contains a po tential energy capable of burning up all the dross of men’s unrighteousness and of making the whole world new. It is to be remembered that when Jesus, himself, undertook on a notable Sabbath to make the emancipating words of Isaiah’s prophecy His personal program and to send the truth there enunciated running along all the ave nues of human relationship, with no regard to the boundaries of border or breed or birth, the civic and religious leaders at once recognized that sort of religion as a dangerous explosive. The synagogue was in an uproar. This fa natic must be stopped at all cost! There was no benediction for that morning service, and a murderous attempt was made to hurl the young radical over the cliff outside the village to which His name was destined to give immor tality. * * Paul called the Great Galilean “the power of God.” But the very word he u§ed is the root from which we get oui modern word “dynamite.” G. K. Ches terton once declared that Christianity, even when watered down, is hot enough to boil all modern society to rags. The exclusion of Jesus from the ! sphere of secul&r government, the rigid separation between things secular and things sacred, this departmentalizing of life is in the end fatal to men and insti tutions which try it. Christ must be either Lord of all or He is not Lord at ' all. Surely, the houses men live in, the [ places where they work, the schools where their children are trained, and ! the economic order which conditions their lives must be the vital concern of the church. All the provinces of life are provinces in which the mandates and moral imperatives of religion are , to be recognized and obeyed, i A well-known man who believes that i religion is dynamite sat in a church pew l near a stained-glass window. During s the service he found himself gazing at , the inscription under pictured angels , One letter was missing. Instead of ’ “GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHEST,” it read: “GLORY TO GOD IN THE r HIGH ST.” After the benediction, he went out hoping they would never supply the missing “E.” Approvingly, he said: “That is the real role of the , church: To see to it that the glory of God floods High street and Main street and all the activities and institutions Os men.” Pen-names may be used if letters carry writers’ oyrrect names and addresses. All letters are subject to condensation. Site for Sibley It is disturbing to me to read news paper articles about Spring Valley- Wesley Heights residents raising money to fight erection of a hospital on Amer ican University campus. One would think all of the residents of this area are in agreement. Well, here is one that is not, and I am sure there are many others. Some people think that all they have to do to get what they want is to offer a large enough amount of money and they can get results in their favor whether they are right or wrong. Our country was not founded on such prin ciples as “might makes right” and yet already these people have had the zon ing rule changed by their influence. American University was established on its present site long before Spring Valley was developed. If Sibley Hospital is allowed to be built on the university's own property, it is up to fair-minded Christian men and women to stand up and do what is necessary. It is purely selfish and not the least bit humanitarian, if this project is blocked. Wesley Heights Resident. Election Misinterpreted? Although leading Democrats fre quently and vociferously charge the Associated Press with being pro-Re publican, the AP’s reporting of the Tuck-Campbell congressional contest was certainly otherwise. Even though political novice Lome R. Campbell rolled up roughly 13.000 votes against some 17.000 for popular former Gover nor William M. Tuck, the AP asserts Virginia has returned to its "normally Democratic ways” and that Campbell was “swamped” by Tuck! The fact is the rural fifth district is a traditional Democrat stronghold where the Democrat candidate is not customarily even opposed. That an unknown country lawyer, in a short campaign, in an off-year off-season election, could poll 13,000 votes against one of the strongest vote-getters in Virginia is unprecedented. Analytically. Tuck’s vote was a sig nificant Republican upsweep. Marion Edwin Harrison. Vice President, Virginia Young Re publican Federation. account of excellence rather than to search for deficiencies.” A “felicitous trifle” by Mr. De Koven himself was on the program. It was described as a “Spanish march.” The “Peer Ghynt” suite by Edvard Grieg “was performed with the technical proficiency and at the same time in a manner which dis played close appreciation of its somber and intense poetic quality.” Aptommas, the harpist, was a soloist, and The Star critic thought he played with “exquisite finish” but that his selections “were scarcely of a dignity in keeping with the remainder of the program.” The orchestra was praised for “loyal preci sion” and "interdependence.” * * On April 11, 1903, The Star an nounced the death of the Rev. William Henry Milburn, Death of chaplain of the rk "l • *4:11,,. rn United States Chaplain Milburn g ena t € . He had been chosen chap lain of the House of Representatives in 1845, when he was only 22 years of age. Later, he was "chaplain of Con gress,” serving both branches of the national legislature. His term of spirit ual leadership of the Senate began in 1893. He was a Methodist Episcopal clergyman during most of his career but was affiliated with the Protestant Episcopal Church from 1862 to 1878. As a circuit preacher in Illinois prior to coming to Washington, he faced the “dangers of weather, wild animals and Indians” and collected materials for an autobiography, published in 1859. His lecture tours subsequently took him to Canada and England. He “exhorted” in Washington during the Civil War. Shortage of Munitions Traced to Steel Strike Writer Blames Truman's Policy For Production Slump By Frank R. Kent There is no doubt that revelations as to the shortage in ammunition in Korea made by Gen. Van Fleet upon his retirement last month deeply shocked people generally throughout the coun try. Beneficial results were not only to spur production, correcting this menac ing state of affairs, but to make sure it is never repeated. Contradictory evi dence as to the responsibility has come from men of high character and ability. The result is the American people as a whole know that something went very wrong but they do not know whom to blame. The Senate subcommittee, of which Senator Margaret Chase Smith is chairman and Senator Harry F. Byrd, the most incisive and effective member, is determined to get at the truth and tell it to us. This would be a very great public service. Clearly, it is vital to know. At the moment there is great controversy over whether the fault lies with the Army, as contended by Robert Lovett and others, or with the civilian directors of defense in the last adminis tration, as maintained by Senator Stew art Symington of Missouri. * * It is to be hoped the heat of this ar gument will not obscure the fact that a very large part of the responsibility must be placed upon the great strike of 1951. Shrill shouts of denial that this is so have come from the CIO leaders, but these do not alter the facts. The basic one is that in the midst of a grave national crisis the CIO called a strike— and insisted upon calling a strike—in the steel industry which struck at the whole defense program. There has been undisputed military testimony that this strike delayed, and in some cases stopped, the manufacture of badly needed munitions. There has also been undisputed testimony from civilian heads of the defense effort that the strike increased the cost of the defense effort by 20 per cent. This means that the Government had to pay for four-fifths of its needed supply as much as it had planned to pay for five fifths. The chief man who made this charge was Charles E. Wilson, then head of the War Mobilization Board. He resigned because he could not get presidential support in his effort to avert the strike. If the part of President Truman in this strike is not known to citizens gen erally, it should be. For the truth is that if it had not been for Mr. Truman there would have been no strike. The role he played was a thoroughly dis creditable one and never has ade quately been defended or excused. From the start his attitude encouraged the CIO leaders—particularly the late Philip Murray, head of the CIO and head also of the great steel workers’ union. It has been charged—and never denied—that before Mr. Murray called the strike he obtained a promise from Mr. Truman that he would not evoke the injunction provision in the Taft- Hartley Act. This would have given the unions and the steel companies 80 more days in which to reach an agreement but would have continued uninterrupted production. When the steel companies refused to acoept the union terms, Mr. Truman, throwing the White House weight fully on the union side, de nounced the companies in almost the same impassioned words as the union publicity agents, and then seized the plants. * * When on June 1951, the Supreme Court, by a 6-to-3 verdict, held the President’s action illegal, the strike, with White House backing, was on and ended only when the companies, real izing that the White House weight was too great to resist, yielded to the union demands. During this period steel production had ceased and the whole defense effort—particularly in the manufacture of munitions—slowed down. During the whole of this strug gle, the result of which was greatly to increase inflation, the President utterly ignored the arguments of the com panies, made himself complete par tisan of the union. Despite the vigor with which Mr. Human beat his breast in this matter, and his noisy proclamations of the purity of his heart, the known political Jink of the CIO with the President and his party makes it impossible not to attribute politics as the overwhelming influence in Mr. Truman’s course. And when the facts are all assembled it is impossible not to place a large respon sibility for the munitions shortage in Korea upon this 1951 steel strike. The report of the Senate subcommittee will be worthless if it ignores these facts. Correction—Recently in this column it was stated that Stephen Mitchell. Democratic national chairman, was a member of the Americans for Demo cratic Action. Mr. Mitchell asserts h® is not and never has been a member. Also, he asserts Mr. Stevenson is not a member. In addition Mr. Mitchell disclaims responsibility for the plan to hold a Democratic National Convention next year. —f. R. K. Meanwhile, he wrote a history of the pioneers of the Mississippi valley. Other books were produced at intervals up to 1902, when ill health forced him to offer his resignation from the Senate chaplaincy. Two nieces took him to Pasadena, Calif., where he spent his final days. He was half blind from the age of five, totally blind from his 30th year. But the Dictionary of American Biography testifies: “He in dulged in no complaints or pathetic allusions to his misfortune.” * * Quoting the Chicago News. The Star on April 14, 1903, recalled that the poet-naturalist, John John Burroughs Burroughs, “lived in In Washington Washington 40 years ago. He was then an Army nurse. At that time, Walt Whitman was employed in the Treasury Department, and these two made the acquaintance of a streetcar conductor whose first name was Mike. The three roomed together in a very humble place, where the rent matched the en durance of their pocketbooks. Mike, judged by the world's standard, was the best off, for each month he re ceived SIOO in the depreciated paper currency of the time for his services to the tramway company. He still oc cupies this enviable position, for he is now the head baggage master at one of the important stations on the Penn sylvania Railroad.” Burroughs lived for a while after the Civil War on “a little patch of land near the Capital.” then moved to the Adirondacks. Whit man settled at Camden, N. J. Both left their mark on the Nation’s Capital, and so perhaps did Mike.