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THE EVENING STAR Washington, D. C. THURSDAY. APRIL 23. 10.13 President Still Waits For Russian Reaction To U. S. Peace Moves By Garnett D. Horner President Eisenhower said to day he has not had any direct response from the Soviet gov ernment to the peace offensive he launched in a speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors here a week ago. On related questions, the Pres ident also told a news confer ence: 1. He is still ready to do any thing within the limitations stated in last Thursday’s speech <—and confer anywhere to bring about peace. 2. There can be no real peace In Korea that ignores broader is sues in the Far East. 3. He knows of no definite steps being undertaken for a Big Four conference. Message Sent to Soviet. Gen. Eisenhower said the only ' Russian response to his speech i challenging them to act rather | than just talk about settling major world issues obstructing peace had been what he had read in the newspapers. The President’s peace offensive speech was presented formally j to the Soviet foreign office in j Moscow shortly after it was made. Jacob D. Beam, counselor of the American Embassy in Mos cow. notified the Soviet foreign office that Gen. Eisenhower’s statement was designed to set forth a long range program for world peace and that the United States will accept at face value concrete actions demonstrating the good faith of Russia in re laxing world tensions. Will Confer Anywhere. The President’s statement that he still is ready to do anything reasonable and confer anywhere to bring about peace came in response to a question about a possible Korean conference. He was asked if he wanted political discussions following a possible truce in Korea to go into other Far Eastern prob lems. Just exactly where such prob lems will be tackled is a mat ter of procedure that he has purposely avoided so far. the President replied. But he em phasized that there could be no real Korean peace without set tlement of broader Far Eastern questions. Senator Taft, Republican of Ohio, has suggested a “one bite’’ attempt to settle the Commu nist wars in Indo-China and Malaya and such problems as the status of Formosa along with a truce in Korea. Gen. Eisenhower refused any comment of the prospects of a : Korean armistice. a I Eisenhower (Continued From First Page.) —.— tt" least, in partnership with 1 Canada on the grounds that the! construction of the seaway would aid this country's defense system. Gen. Eisenhower said the ex tent to which is advisable, in the opinion of the administration, will be com- j municated to Congress at a suit- ! able time. Congress for years has con sistently turned down proposals that this Government join in the seaway project. American port and railroad interests bitterly oppose the move. As a result, Canada has announced that she will construct the seaway inde pendently and join with the; Sate of New York in developing power on the St. Lawrence. Power Development Favored. Gen. Eisenhower said that the Security Council also favors the idea of Canadian-New York pow er development in connection with the seaway. The President got into his dis cussion of public housing as a , result of House action yesterday turning down an administration I request for 35.000 low-cost dwell- | ing units. The Senate nasal- I ready approved the measure The President told a questioner 1 that he has never said he is in favor of continuing the public housing program. He has said, however, he added, that the Fed eral Government should continue to perform its legitimate func tions in every field, and that and that until it was deter mined just what these were, he favored the continuing of exist ing Federal programs—including ! housing. Asked flatly whether he ap proved the House rejection of the housing funds, Gen. Eisen hower said he would not. agree the idea was wise. He said, however, that he had not asked Congress to support the hous- j Ing plan. Awaiting Daniel Letter. Gen. Eisenhower disclosed that! he has asked for a study of the so-called “Truman security or- i der” on information. He has been asked what he was doing about a request by Senator Daniel. Demi ocrat. of Texas, that it be ret poked. The President said he had not j vet received the Senator’s letter, but that, at his last news confer- | ence. he said that he would be glad to have reported to him any Instances where legitimate news had been suppressed under the order. He added that Press Sec retary James C. Hagerty had told him that one instance had turned up. but that this one had been adjusted. A reporter plaintively remarked that perhaps complaints couldn’t be brought because the writers were not aware of what infor mation might have been held out under the order. The President quipped that he never knew writers or reporters to be back ward about complaining. Methodist Bake Sale The Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woodside Methodist Church of Silver’ Spring will hold a bake tale Saturday in Green’s store, Colesville road. tii wp hjbi 11 ii 111 in in i i i rm -•* ■ *‘f • II wT 4 M MkJßur: ** * v/iJXksS ™ "JB BBBBF a fill t .-1 i r IS PERSONALIZED Cross Worker Marian Anderson of Hyattsyille, Md, puts a blanket over Corpl. Warren Shipp of 3221 Pershing drive, Arlington, to ward off the brisk river breeze over the deck of the executive yacht. —Star Staff Photo by Randolph Routt. War Wounded Muster Smiles For Presidential Yacht Cruise By Charles J. Yarbrough President lent the White House yacht and some of | his weather to 44 wounded vet erans yesterday. For six hours, the gleaming i Williamsburg cruised a choppy, sun-spangled Potomac, giving] some of the hospitalized veterans their first outing in months. For all the pain and anguish behihd them, they made it a happy ship. The trip, to Quantico and re turn, will be repeated at 1 p.m. today and twice weekly until July 1, when the yacht goes into mothballs at the President's order. At his suggestion, the Red j Cross arranged the series of Po tomac voyages. Before their con clusion virtually every wounded [ veteran in the area who is able will have made the trip—at least that is the President’s hope. Smiles Hide Pain. Only in a few instances did the pain of wounds and repeated j operations or the monotony of hospital life peep from behind j big smiles of utter relaxation. “This.” inscribed one in the ship’s guest book, “is the life!” Some on crutches, some in casts and some with lifelong dis figurement. they roamed every comer of the yacht, sat down and plunked off one-fingered tunes 6n the piano and had a choice of two movies. One who' moved as little as possible, but enjoyed it twice as much as most, was Lt. Henry Marsheck of Baltimore. Four months ago Lt. Marsheck. a 189- pound platoon leader, was plod- j ding forward near Heartbreak Ridge. Small arms Are struck j him in hand and stomach. In fection developed in the stomach wound. Yesterday, down to 126 pounds, he grinned through obvious dis- | comfort and weakness. “I’m hoping,” he said, “to; use this outing as grounds for my first week-end pass. If I can walk back into that hospital NATO Ministers Seek Accord Os Civil and Military Branches By Crosby S. Noyes Star Staff Corr.jpond.nt PARIS, April 23.—The key to j the mood here, as NATO's for- ! eign ministers opened their con- j i ference today, was a determin- | i ation on everybody’s part to get i through the business of the [ meeting with a minimum of dis- j 1 cord. If it can possibly be avoided, . there will be no repetition of the ! stormy arguments that charac | terized the last meeting of the council in November. NATO Secretary General Lord Ismay made this clear at a brief ing for correspondents yesterday, in which he laid special emphasis i on closer liaison between military , and civilian authorities in the NATO setup. Word got around after the j December meeting of the coun- I cil, he observed, about a clash i of views over the proper rate of defense buildup. NATO’s civilian leaders and the military com ! mander, Gen. Matthew B. Ridg- j way, were known to be at odds. | This time, said Lord Ismay, i he wanted to make it clear there I is implicit trust by all concerned in the military estimate of the i Soviet threat. He added, how- I ever, that "for political and other reasons it is quite impos sible to provide the necessary j forces as rapidly as every one ; might wish.” Lord Ismay said the gap is J narrowing between what the military ask and what the min isters are able to provide. There are Plenty of hints that j most of the narrowing has been done by the military. Danish 1 ■ Admiral E. J. C. Quistaard, .chairman of NATO’s Military i Committee, announced yesterday that force requirements have ! been revised again in the light of Greek and Turkish military strength added to the alliance since the original estimates were made. Recommendations of the Mili tary Committee will not be made public, but the implications are clear enough. The stretchout in NATO's military goals is to con ' tinue. The main effort will be i to improve existing forces and • communications, rather than to , create new divisions. Lord Ismay, a retired British tonight I sure as hell can w T alk out again for the week end.” Yesterday gave him the first outside look at the United States he had seen since leaving the ! States for Korea in December, i There’s a callous Army saying * that if a second lieutenant platoon leader can live through the first 30 days of combat, he’ll make it through the rest of the war. Lt. Marsheck was wounded on his 30th day. Another who can grin at everything but the 13th of the month was Marine Sergt. James N. Walsh. 24, of 3200 Nineteenth street N.W. Things have about reached the place where Sergt. Walsh | looks at the calendar on the 12th and thinks, “Oh, Lord, to morrow is the 13th again.” Becomes 13th Man. On the 13th of some month in 1944. he broke a leg. He j landed in Korea on the 13th of j Marst last year. On Au ! gust 13. a Marine outpost was overrun and Sergt. Walsh stepped in as the 13th man to bring the platoon up to full strength. Small arms fire and a grenade dropped him into Bethesda Naval Hospital in September and he still has a few weeks to go. 1 Mortar Are may help Army Corpl. WilliSm B. Tester, 27, of 2706 Arundel road. Queens Man or, Md., finish that house in Gambrills, Md. The enemy blast in March of 1951 caught him full in the face and thus far has sent him through 30 opera tions. On|:- eye is there, but sightless. The other is “none too good, but even a dog knows when he’s well off. I’m getting out next month.” he said. “Then i I’m going to finish that house if I can get back to carpenter : ing.” ' Those were some of. the proud ones who sailed tfte Potomac yesterday. general, told reporters yester day: "I am a firm believer in the idea that in war it is quality rather than quantity that counts.” On the sticky question of NATO’s "infrastructure” pro gram—the building of ports, air fields and communications—the effort to achieve harmony will be no less intense than on the military buildup problem. t A new formula for financing the infrastructure has been worked out by the secretariat in Paris. Lord Ismay said he hoped this time “we will get by without a lot of sordid wrang ling ” NATO Force Scanty, Gen. Ridgway Repeats By William H. Stoneman Chicago Daily News Foreitn Bervice PARIS. April 23. —ln his ca pacity as commander in chief of NATO forces, Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway again has been com pelled to tell the 14 member na tions that the forces they have placed at his disposal are inade quate to defend free Europe. In a memorandum submitted to the military committee of NATO on the eve of the North Atlantic Council session, the gen eral has virtually repeated what he told the North Atlantic Coun cil at its session last November. At that time his remarks were not released In full to the public despite a formal request by United States representatives to that effect. When he said prac -1 tically the same thing to gradu ates of the SHAPE Defense Col lege a few days later, and his remarks were made nublic, there was considerable indignation. This time NATO officials are making every effort to give the impression that there’s no real difference of opinion between military commanders and civil ian governments, as represented by the North Atlantic Council itself. This appears particularly de i sirable to officials in view of-the | fact that Gen. Ridgway’s own : government, which is represent -1 ed here by Secretary of State | Dulles, is now known to be in 1 favor of stretching out the West ern European defense program over some 20 years. NATO (Continued From First Page.) 1 lieve an apparently serious situation in Indo-China, the President said that was being carefully watched but he was not in position now to say what might happen.) Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, in a major policy state ; ment by France for the NATO 1 ministers, accused the Commu | nists, meanwhile, of launching a new attack in Indo-China while talking peace in Korea. Mr. | Bidault referred to the Viet Minh Invasion of the kingdom of Laos. “It is intolerable for the re newal of negotiations in Korea to be accompanied by a renewal i of hostilities in Indo-China.” Mr. Bidault declared. “You are not heading for peace—even if you find many fighters of peace to say so—when you close one the ater of operations only to open another.” Turning to the European phase of the international sit- I uation, Mr. Bidault said that Germany must be unified by free elections and permitted to make her own alliances. Mr. Bidault urged a cold ap praisal of Soviet tactics, adding “The Soviet Union knows better than any one else that Germany is the key to the European problem . . . the division of Ger many is a means of keeping a check on Europe by maintaining a state of uncertainty and hence weakness.” Others Also Cautious. It was apparent as the 50 or so mihisters gathered in the Palais de Chaillot that they ; shared both Gen. Eisenhower's and Mr. Bidault’s caution to j ward Soviet policy. “Until we can see genuine evi dence of change in long-range i (Russian) intentions, there can be no justification for relaxing our buildup.” Lord Ismay added he had heard nothing to indicate that j Russia is cutting her forces. He said the West is not letting down either. But with Western Europe 1 chafing under the load of re armament spending, and leaders of the new United States admin | istration already forecasting cuts i in foreign aid, it was apparent the NATO Council at this ses- I sion would not plan any big ex pansion. j The emphasis, instead, will be on (1) holding on to what al : ready has been achieved; (2) planning for several more ground divisions, several thou i sand more aircraft and more : ground installations in the next several years, and (3) setting ;up a long-range program of slow buildup aimed at continu ing to keep the Soviet military might in check. To do that, NATO’s planners figure it will take more than sl2 billion next year. That is the j total of the 14 nations’ individ ual defense budgets, plus new programs the experts want to get underway. , Months of work have gone into preparation for the ministers’ meeting. Representatives of the 14 nations meet here every week to keep up the defense machin ery and momentum. These rep resentatives already have worked out tentative proposals on many problems. Final approval still must come from the ministers, | however. | Here are some of the main subjects, with the proposals to be presented: I 1. Long-term programming— ; France long has complained that something better than year-to year planning of defense expen ditures is necessary. She said .she needed assurances on how much help she can expect before putting factories to work at | turning out complicated ma j teriel. The tentative agreement ’ i calls for the United States to ADVERTISEMENT. 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Mr. Brownell told the confer ence, which is being held at the Hotel Statler under sponsorship of the Republican National Com mittee, that the “new team” in his department has “eliminated interference with the adminis tration of justice by influence and undue pressure.” He also promised that more will be heard this week concerning revision of loyalty procedures on which the department has been working. The women leaders were re ceived by Mrs. Eisenhower at the White House at noon today. Tomorrow, the final day of the conference, they are scheduled to be addressed by President Ei senhower. Promises Replacements. The women applauded Mr. Brownell’s praise of Gen. Eisen howej, references to party achievements and promises that hold-over officials in policy making positions would be re placed by those whose political philosophy is in harmony with that of the administration. Mr. Brownell, apparently in conflict with the position an nounced by Senator Taft, Re publican. of Ohio, urged a “one step-at-a-time” procedure in the Far East, rather than trying to reach a general settlement im mediately. He said: “I would not urge that- we settle all our problems before we agree to an armistice in Korea ... let us achieve an arm istice in Korea, then move on to Indo-China and try for an armi stice there, and then, perhaps, a general armistice.” Highlights of statements by other speakers were: (1) Secretary of the Interior McKay indicated there will be an employment cut in the Rec lamation Bureau. It has 13,000 employes now, he said, adding, “we hope to have fewer later on.” He told the women the Repub licans have a selling job to do and remarked earnestly, “You’re the gals to do it.” Korea . . . Let us achieve an ar (2) Sherman Adams, Assistant to the President, told of Gen. Eisenhower setting out for the golf links recently and remark ing, “My golf would be a lot bet ter if someone did something about the price of beef.” Secretary Hobby Speaks. He said those looking for the President to make an attack on Congress are going to be disap pointed. (3) Secretary of Welfare Hob by told of meeting with con sultants for the purpose of working out recommendations for extending coverage of the present Social Security Law. , Other speakers were Nelson Rockefeller, chairman of the President's Committee on Gov ernment Re-organization, and Undersecretary of Labor Lloyd A. Mashburn, representing Sec retary Durkin. The women visitors were wel comed by Mrs. Howard Coffin, Republican National Committee woman for the District. Miss Bertha S. Adkins, Salisbury. Md., assistant to the chairman of the Republican National Committee, presided. pay 42 per cent of the costs for military production in the next three years. Canada would be called on for 8 per cent and Great Britain 10 per cent. The other percentages have not been finally settled. 2. Construction of military in stallations—A building program costing SB9O million is being pro posed for the period- through 1956. This would include air fields, pipelines for aviation fuel, improvement of harbor installa tions along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts and many other projects. 3. Strength of force s—The planners hope to have 54 divi sions and 16 regimental combat teams by the end of 1953. This would be an increase of four di visions and 16 regimental com bat teams during the year. The main effort, though, would be on improving the quality of exist ing forces. The United States has offered to put up 80 per cent of the equipment for any new divisions ordered. By the end of 1954, the experts hope to have 58 divisions and nine regimental combat teams. The goal would rise to 64 divisions by the end of 1955. 4. Aircraft Buildup—The min isters will rule on a proposal to increase the, size of West Europe's air armada from the present 2.900 planes to 5,600 by the end of 1954. This repre sents a considerable reduction from the 7.160 planes first asked by the military. The number of planes, presumably, will go still higher in future years. 5. The fifth major item— a m J W FLY TWA A ■ DIRECT TO A f ALBUQUERQUEm See your travel agent or call TWA, S? Trans World Airlines: Republic 7-5400 f. : I N ... ~ sS\v.w.... 'Kf 's'MV ia. . » - . |Sj H? Hr Itßu B JBBBHHBR- \ §i i. n * ~ , ' jmbb - - Ipp H REPUBLICAN LEADERS—Secretary of Welfare Oveta Culp Hobby (left) and Mrs. Howard Coffin, national committeewoman for the District (right), chat with Miss Bertha Adkins, assistant to the chairman of the Republican National Committee in charge of women’s activi ties. Miss Adkins is chairman of the meeting of Republican women. —Star Staff Photo. MIT Professor Called By House Group in New England Inquiry By th« Associated Press House probers today called a Massachusetts Institute of Tech nology professor in their investi gation of alleged Communist ac tivities in New England’s teach ing circles. The witness is Norman Levin son, named yesterday as a member of a Red cell at MIT around 1940 by Isadore Amdur, a chemistry professor. Prof. Amdur, before the House Un-American Activities Commit tee, described himself as “naive and stupid” in being a member of the Red group from 1938 to 1944. Hired for Atomic Work. He also disclosed he was hired for atomic energy work after he quit the Communist Party. Prof. Amdur said he was cleared for employment by the Army's Manhattan Project which handled the development of the atomic bomb. He said he was not asked about his asso ciations. This prompted Representative Clardy, Republican, of Michigan, only committee member to hear Prof. Amdur's testimony, to tell newsmen it is “shocking” that the Army’s security procedures permitted the professor's em ployment. He was one of a series of wit nesses at two hearings on Com munists at the Capitol yesterday. These were the other chief de velopments: 1. Harry ober, a former econ omist for the Labor Depart ment, told the Senate Internal Security subcommittee he was not a member of the Commu nist Party on October 21, 1952, the day he appeared before a New York grand jury. He refused to say whether he was a party member on October 20, the day before, when testimony indicated he may have received the sum mons to appear as a grand jury witness. Refuses to Answer. 2. Max Weitzman, 38, Boston elementary school teacher, re fused to answer House Commit tee questions about whether he had assdeiated with Communists in the Boston area. He had been named by Herbert Phil brick, former FBI undercover agent, as one of the Red leaders in the late 1940 s and as having attended a super-secret school to train Communist teachers. 3. William T. Martin, head of the math department at MIT, told the House Committee he was a party member from 1938 to 1946. He said he quit be cause “parts of the program be came boring and stupid.” 4. Paul R. Zilsel, a physics professor at the University of Connecticut, said he is not now a Communist but he refused to answer questions as to whether : he was a party member from | 1946 through 1948. program for aircraft construc tion in European factories—was settled quickly at today’s open ing session. Contracts were signed for the building of $550 million worth of planes in Great Britain. France, Belgium, Hol land and Italy. The United States will put up $281,540,000 of the cost, with Great Britain and Canada picking up big i shares of the remaining bill. “Our Reputation is Your Guarantes” WATCHES All nationally advertised brands Prsctlcally all models available. ARTHUR MARKEL 940 F St. N.W. Eisenhower NATO Text By tK« Auocioted Pr*M PARIS, April 23.—The text of a message sent to the Minis terial Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization by President Eisenhower: On the occasion of this im portant meeting I send my personal greetings to the North Atlantic Council. As you know I have long held the deep conviction that the success of NATO’s program was essential to world peace and to the se curity and well being of all Atlantic nations. My subse quent experience has rein forced and strengthened this belief. NATO has become a mighty force for peace and an instrument of enduring co operation among the Atlantic peoples. We deplore the fact that civilized nations are compelled at this stage of human history to devote so large a portion of their energies and resources to the purpose of military de fense. I have already express ed my hope that it will be possible in the foreseeable fu ture to devote part of these resources and energies to more constructive purposes. I know that this can be accomplished if all nations will co-operate sincerely in creating the neces sary conditions for lasting peace. But until the conditions for genuine peace have been firmly established it would be fool hardy so« us to delude our selves about the dangers confronting us. It is still the foremost task of free governments to develop sufficient economic, defensive and moral strength to make certain that our civilization is spared the horror and devasta tion of another world war. All honest men know that NATO has no intention of ag gression and that we seek only enough strength to deter ag gression by others. We can not afford to seek less. As this meeting opens there is an opportunity for mankind to move forward toward a new era of peace and progress. The realization of this oppor tunity will depend primarily upon the deeds of others. But our own task is clear. While we carry the hope of peace in our hearts unblemished by self-delusion or wishful think ing we will also employ the skill of our minds and hands to make this hope a living reality. Throughout the jsM, I Ivf rd&¥' m ' ¥ IfnSpQngeMop f * washes 1 nnp f!^ I * soaks »9 »P ,n ‘ 1 I * shampoos rv«t 1 |J coanm / 1 * cleans screen* 1 1 * washes walls an# 1 * cleans windows l to NAM* JU»t A AND BEST OF O-Csdw’c Hmtfy IwHf-ta S*m.i«t Ptmms tbs wafer •W...YOUC HANDS STAY DRY! HAVE A CLEAN, FRESH REFILL $4lO FOR THOSE EXTRA JOBS I y rararrvßragivgn DOWNTOWN "F" STREET STORE SEVENTH ST. N.W. EOCKVILI.E. Ml>. SHI 7th fit. N.W. **4 Mtßtfßßcry St. 01H-610 King M. FOURTEENTH ST. SJJVEK SPRENO BWd*" 31*0 14th Si. N.W. 033 « -0041 Gb. Afi. 3000 Wllsbii Blvd. changing and unpredictable events of future months and years we will remain steadfast in purpose and united in action. A quotation from Lincoln sems to have particular sig nificance for our situation of today. We have malice toward none. We have charity for all peoples. But we will remain firmly determined to do the right as God gives us to see the right and will strive on to finish the work we have begun. Editorial Brings Arrest Os Ecuador Newsmen By th« Astociattd Pr»«« GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador, April 23. The publisher, business manager and editorial writer of La Nacion were arrested yester day after that opposition news paper published an anti-govern ment editorial. Police Chief Fernando Guz man Zuloaga said the action was taken because the editorial tended to incite the army to revolt. HAMILTON WATCHES Srbeiitn 25^r. i—ARTHUR MARKEL-i | 940 F ST. N.W. o WASH., D. C. I We Take Moving Detail» Off Tour Hands! Eli PRE-PLANNED SERVICE IN '"’SANITIZED VANS Agents: United Van Lines, Ine. 1250 Upshur St. N.W.