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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 27, 1953, Image 1

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Key Sections of New Order on Security Checks in Federal Jobs-See Page A-9
Weather Forecast
Fair and cooler tonight, lowest about 40.
Tomorrow, mostly sunny and cool. (Full
reprt on Page A-2 >
Temperatures Today.
Midnight—s 3 6 a,m. „50 11a.m. __sß
2 a.m—sl 8 a.m. .-53 Noon —59
4 a.m. ..52 10 a.m. —55 lp.m. __6o
An Associoted Press Newspaper
101st Year. No. 117. Phone ST. 3-5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, APRIL 27, 1953—FORTY PAGES. SSSJSSTti mu'SfaA.«S SCENTS
New U. S. Job Loyalty Program
And Reopening of All Cleared
Cases Ordered by Eisenhower
Review Board to Be
Abolished, Leaving
Task to Departments
By Joseph Young
President Eisenhower today
announced a new and broader
security program for Govern
ment employes.
A presidential directive
ordered a completely new investi
gation of Federal workers cleared
in previous loyalty and security
checks and extends to all depart
ments and agencies authority to
fire workers on security grounds.
The order also sets forth more
specific security standards on
which employes may be fired in
the interest of national security
It combines security and loyal
ty cases into one program and
abolishes the Federal Loyalty Re
view Board effective in 30 days.
All Departments Affected.
All department and agency
heads will have authority to fire
employes summarily in the in
terest of national security. The
old program limited security-fir
ing authority to the so-called
sensitive agencies, such as the
Defense and State Departments,
Central Intelligence Agency,
Atomic Energy Commission and
a few others.
In explaining the new program
to the press today, Attorney
General Brownell said it was a
considerable improvement over
the old one.
Mr. Brownell said the new
program would give the Govern
ment greater protection, since it
applies to all agencies.
Secondly, it sets up standards
that make it easier to determine
if an employe is a security risk.
More Protection Seen.
Thirdly, employes will receive
more protection in the hearing
rights accorded them, Mr.
Brownell declared.
Fourth, the standardized rules
and hearings will permit all cases
to be cleaned up by fall, so that
Federal employes, after that j
date, “will no longer have a cloud
over them.”
Employes in all cases will have
the right to a hearing before a
panel in their agency which
would be composed of not less
than three members. Those
members would be Government
workers, but not employes of the
agency hearing the case.
Employes serving on panels in
security cases will be selected j
by their agencies which will j
choose them because of their i
aptitude for the job. Their names j
will be sent to the Civil Service
Commission, which will set up a
Government - wide roster of
names of the panel members. In
any particular case, the head of
an agency will choose the panel
members, subject only to the re
quirement that the members are
not employes of their agency.
Will Have Right to Counsel.
Accused employes will have
the right to receive written
charges, subject to the interest
of national security. They also
have the right of counsel at the
hearing, the right to present wit
nesses in their behalf and the
privilege of cross-examining ac- j
cusing witnesses. Mr. Brownell
said the right of cross-examina- j
tion was one denied Federal em
ployes in loyalty cases.
Mr. Brownell did not have the
figures regarding how many em- '
ployes would be reinvestigated
under the new program, but he •
said the number would be small.
Other Government officials esti
mated that there would be sev
eral thousand of these cases
where employes previously re
ceived full-scale investigations 1
on loyalty or security charges!
and subsequently were cleared. 1
As for the rest of the Govern
ments employes, Mr. Brownell j
(See SECURITY, Page A-5.)
Woman's Beauty
All Man-Made,
Male Expert Says
By lh« Associated Press
LONDON, April 27—Pretty
woman? She’s a myth. Under
her cosmetics she's a dowdy
creature, said a courageous male
expert today.
He is W. T. McGill, and ought
to know what he is talking about
because he is master of the In
corporated Guild of Hairdressers,
Wigmakers and Perfumers. At
its annual meeting the guild
studied new artifices in man’s
never-ending struggle to make
woman presentable.
“Woman was made beautiful
mainly by man,” said Mr. McCAI
in his presidential address. “She
is an illusion he created. He
made ?|sr clothes, created her
hat fashions, made her jewelry
and cosmetics, and the hair
dresser finished what had been
started with a hair style to suit
her.
“In the animal kingdom the
male struts around with the fine
feathers, and the female animal
is the dowdy partner. The hu
man female is just about as
dowdy as her animal counter-*
part.”
Is NATO Worth It?
European Unity a Pipedream
Without French Participation
Yet Washington's Relations With Paris
Appear to Be at Lowest Ebb in Many Years
By Crosby S. Noyes
Star Staff Corretpondtnt
PARIS.—When it comes to criticism, high fashion in Europe
these days generally takes a form quite unflattering to the
French. Wherever you go, the “French Problem” is a favored
subject of conversational and journalistic hand-wringers. Just
about everyone has his own pet theories about what’s wrong
here.
A typical American attitude toward France is to compare
her with a woman in what might be described politely as a
delicate condition. She is cranky,*
vaporous, flighty. She is seized
at odd times with irrational and
inconvenient yearnings. She ex
pects affection—and harbors se
This is the first of a series of
articles in which Mr. Noyes, who
has been touring Europe for the past
four months, reports on the condi
tion and contribution of the various
members of the NATO alliance.
His conclusions, bearing importantly
on the approaching “Great Debate"
on American foreign aid, are based
on extensive talks with military, dip
lomatic and political leaders in all
the major capitals of Europe.
cret doubts that she’s married
to the right man.
In due course, if she is not
hurried and jostled, something
worth while may be forthcoming.
But it’s hard on the family, and
even kindly old Uncle Sam suc
cumbs at times to the tempta
! tion to administer a swift kick in
the pants.
La Belle France, of late, has
been getting the boot with mer
ciless regularity. The result is
just what might have been ex
pected. Franco-American rela
tions are at their lowest ebb in
years.
The origins and causes of ir
ritation with the French have
been so firmly impressed on the
American newspaper reader that
i it seems unnecessary to review
them in detail. They start with
I the temperament of the individ
ual Frenchman—his distressing
inclination toward non-conform
ity and his enormous capacity
for self-pity. From there, they
run up through the whole struc
ture of French social and polit-
J ical life.
Foreigners complain that the
1 French are anarchists at heart,
frightened by the very idea of
strength, even within their own
country. This, you hear, is the
reason why the Frenchman
doesn’t pay his taxes; why he
encourages paralysis in his gov
ernment: why there is so much
; openly expressed doubt about
i the quality of his military effort.
It explains, in short, why the
average American—and many
Europeans—look on France today
Volcano Kills
Six Children
Peering Inside
By th* Associated Prass
; TOKYO, April 27.—Aso Vol
cano erupted thunderously to
" £ay, killing at least six of 400
school children peering into its
depths.
Some unofficial death esti
mates ran as high as 10. One
! hundred children were reported
j injured. It was Aso’s first erup
tion in 20 years. The youngsters
were on an excursion inside the
15-mile wide great crater of the
5,267-foot volcano on Kyushu,
Japan's southernmost island.
They were looking into one
of five volcanic peaks inside the
gaping crater when it awakened
with a smoking roar, blasting
rocks wildly into the air. Some
were the size of a man’s head.
The children fled in terror.
Rocks shot through gray smoke
to almost 1,000 feet and then
rained back to ground for 600
yards around.
The full crater contains 11
farm villages with nearly 60,000
people, but they were not con
! sidered in danger. The news
; paper Nishi Nippon said the blast
came from 4,339-foot Naka Dake
crater, one of the five peaks.
The great crater is 24.500 acres
in area and contains two rail
roads and nine stations. Full
eruption of the entire crater ap
parently took place in prehistoric
days. Only minor activity from
some of the five peaks is re
corded in Japanese annals.
The last big eruption of Mount
Aso took place in 1933. It show
ered rocks and ashes on prac
tically all of the 16,000-square
mile island of Kyushu.
At that time, the observatory
! issued an alarm and the eruption
! caused no casualties. Since then,
Aso has been fairly quiet, with
smoke and vapor coming out of
1 small new craters and only a few
I small eruptions.
W]c Mbmitra ifef
v y J y y WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION L/
as the weak sister in the broth
erhood of free nations.
Not Easily Reformed.
Pointing out faults, of course,
is not exactly the same thing as
finding cures. For years, people
have been trying to reform the
French by various means and
with imperceptible results. In
the past five years, American
participation in French economic
life has cost the American tax
payer in the neighborhood of
$2.7 billion. And today France
still provides the best showcase
for those who would prove the
failure of America’s economic
experiment in Europe.
What has been accomplished
(Continued on Page A-5, Col, 1.)
Dulles Back, Reports
'Good, Hard Results'
At Paris Conference
Era of U. S. Handouts
Os Foreign Aid Over,
Secretary Declares
By Garnett D. Horner
Secretary of State Dulles re
turned today from a North At
lantic Treaty Organization coun
cil meeting in Paris which he
said accomplished “some good,
hard, practical results.”
He planned to report to Presi
dent Eisenhower today and to
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee tomorrow.
Accompanied by Secretary of
the Treasury Humphrey and Mu
tual Security Director Stassen,
Mr. Dulles landed at National
Airport at 9:25 a,m. in a Mili
tary Air Transport Service plane.
No Details on Decisions.
In talking with reporters at
the airport, Mr. Dulles did not
go into details of decisions at
the NATO meeting for a slow
down in the Western defense
buildup.
He emphasized, however, that
he thought “we had a very suc
cessful meeting.”
“We were very realistic,” he
added. “We accomplished some
good, hard, practical results
which I think, on the one hand,
fully protected the interests of
the United States and, on the
other hand, built up the strength
of NATO.”
Before leaving Paris Mr.
Dulles made clear to French gov
ernment leaders that the United
States cannot continue what he
call "the handout era” of for
eign aid, but will insist that such
aid pay off in results.
Shift in Policy.
While providing for some in
crease in NATO defense forces,
the Paris meeting decided to
shift from an urgent buildup to
ward maximum strength next
year to a program that can be
sustained indefinitely without
straining allied economies.
Mr. Dulles was asked if there
had been much discussion among
the NATO conferees of the So
viet response in a front-page
Pravda editorial to President
Eisenhower’s peace offensive pro
gram. He replied that it at
tracted some attention, but “we
were so busy doing our own
work that we did not have much
time to read Pravda.”
Death Parts Couple,
102 and 103, Who
Never Left Village
By *h» Aiucialtd Prats
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, April
27.—Death has ended one of the
world's oldest marriages.
The husband. Nils P. Jonsson,
102, died yesterday at Asmund
torp, in South Sweden. His
widow, Bothilda, is 103. Neither
had ever been outside their tiny
home village.
They were married 77 years
ago, on April 12. 1876, the same
year Gen. George Custer’s force
was wiped out by Silting Bull’s
Indian tribesmen.
One daughter bom to the
couple is still living. She is now
70. Two others have died.
Troops in Laos
Reinforced by
French Planes
Fortifications Rushed
To Resist Invaders;
Aging King to Stay
By lh« Associated Prate
HANOI, Indo-China, April 27.
—French transport planes poured
a steady stream of troops and
war material into the Laotion
royal seat of Luangprabang to
day as Communist-led Viet Minh
forces drove toward the city. The
best estimates are that the in
vaders are four or five days away.
French and Laotian troops dug
trenches and constructed barbed
wire entanglements and other
fortifications around the town.
The 6,000 residents remained
calm and Laos’ aging King, Sisa
vang Vong, and his son, Crown
Prince Savang, announced they
would stay in their capital.
French fighter bombers yester
day flew 85 sorties, heavily at
tacking enemy troops northeast
of Luangprabang and around the
Plaine Des Jarres, the strongly
defended French-Laotian posi
tion in the heart of Laos.
A Viet Minh victory at Luang
prabang, and at the administra
tive capital of Vientiane, further
south, would bring the Red-led
forces to the borders of Cam
bodia and Thailand. Cambodia.
Laos and Viet Nam make up the
three states of Indo-China.
Other Viet Minh forces stepped
up the harassing tactics in the
vital Red River delta of north
ern Viet Nam. French forces
killed 82 enemy soldiers and cap
tured eight in a mopping up
operation about 35 miles south
east of Hanoi.
Dulles Says French Aid
Will Be Limited to Laos
PARIS, April 27 (JP). —Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles
told the Fiench yesterday the
United States had earmarked in
creased aid for the war in Laos,
but there would be no more
money for French budget bal
ancing.
This was the summary of an
exchange between the French
and Americans at a conference
in the French Foreign Ministry
attended by the top brass of
both countries.
The conference was a contin
uation of the explanatory series
which began Saturday as the
NATO meeting ended. The new
American line was, in a nut
shell:
The era of economic aid is over
except for those enterprises
where the American people can
see some direct benefit.
Communist Danger Seen.
The Indo-China war, the
French were told, is included in
this group because Americans
see great danger in the Com
munist rebellion in that area.
The permanent loss of Indo-
China, it was agreed, could have
a chain reaction which could
spread into Burma, Thailand and
perhaps even India.
An effort was made at the
conference to find a common
course in how to handle the
affair, but no final decision was
announced, nor was any figure
of the increased aid announced.
An American source said yes
terday that airplanes and other
urgently needed supplies are be
ing diverted from other Asian
theaters to help equip the French
better to beat off the menacing
Viet Minh pushing into Laos, on
the Thailand-Burma frontier.
Aid Is Up to Congress.
The Americans told the French
they considered the Indo-China
affair one of the most important
projects earmarked for continued
aid. The extent of additional
financial aid must be taken up
with Congress, which is expect
ing recommendations within the
next 10 days.
Americans attending the con
ference were United States Am
bassador C. Douglas Dillon, Sec
retary of State John Foster
Dulles, William Draper, presi
dential representative in charge
of Mutual Security in Europe,
and Harold Stassen, Mutual Se
curity administrator.
Purdue Defeats Notre Dame
And Reds Go Into Frenzy
By »h« Associated Prass
HONG KONG, April 27.—1 t
simply drove the Communists
wild.
The Canadian bishop wrote
two years ago in a letter to an
other priest in China:
“N. D. bit the dust. Purdue
took them after five years.”
For that, bishop Cuthbert O’-
Gara of Ottawa spent a week of
Chinese Reds Free Bishop and 2 Priests
Held 3 Years. Page A-3
round-the-clock questioning in a
Red China “house for reforma
tion.”
Freed, the ailing bishop today
told in a hospital how that terse
thought sent his captors into a
frenzy.
The priest was arrested in his
Sleeping on OUR Time
sloo,oooOffered to First Red
To Land MIG in South Korea
Allies Will Give $50,000 to Others Who
Give Up Craft; Aim to Undermine Morale
By th« Associated Press
TOKYO, April 27.—The allied
high command tonight offered
SIOO,OOO to the first Communist
flyer to land his Russian-made
jet in South Korea, a move de
signed to undermine morale of
the Red air force.
Radio appeals and leaflets
carried the message in the Rus
sian, Chinese and Korean lan
guages.
In a move unprecedented in
the Korean war, the command
promised political asylum for the
first flyer to come over and any
others who would follow. Those
who follow would get $50,000.
An official announcement said
the offer was made to get “in
valuable technical intelligence”
to sow distrust and suspicion in
the Communist air force.
Message Also in Russian.
The leaflets dropped in North
Korea carried a photograph of
Franciszek Jarewski, a Polish jet
pilot, who flew his MIG-15 to
Denmark and was given polit
ical asylum only recently.
The message in the Russian
language began "comrade pilots”
and was entitled “road to free
dom.” The one in the Chinese
language was addressed to
“courageous jet pilots.”
The official announcement
said that the Air Force hoped to
get the same results as ground
forces have had in their sur
render leaflet campaign.
“The enemy,” said the an
nouncement, “has found it nec
essary to send out patrols to
watch other ground reconnais
sance patrols to keep individuals
from surrending to United Na
tions command forces. . . .
“In the same way, officers of
the Far East Command believe
the present operation should re
duce the combat effectiveness of
the Communist air force. . . .
Sowing Distrust.
"Henceforth, a MIG flight
leader should be even more con
cerned lest his own flight shoot
him down and escape. He will
tend to be wary about the other
pilots in his flight and they may
distrust each other.”
There was no explanation of
why the leaflets and broadcasts
also were in the Russian lan
guage. There have been repeated
reports, however, that some Rus
sian pilots are flying MIGs in the
Korean war.
The offer was broadcast over
the allied radio. The Air Force
showered North Korea with
leaflets announcing the offer.
The flyer also was offered
“political asylum and resettle
Yuang Ling diocese in central
Hunan province in June, 1951.
The Communists confronted him
with the letter:
“Who is this bandit, N. D.?”
“Who is this man, Purdue?
“Don’t hold anything back!”
The bishop, ill from a bladder
infection and months of im
prisonment. protested feebly—
N. D. was only a university
called Notre Dame which was
defeated in a game called foot
! ball by another university called
Purdue in 1950.
j “That’s a lie.” said the angry
questioner. “All you tell is lies.
I You had better tell the truth.
Now —who is this bandit, N. D.?”
For a week they haggled to a
stalemate—the Communist never
was convinced.
i ment in a non-Communist
i country.”
The announcement gave the
route to be followed and sug
gested the pilots fly at about
20,000 feet, presumably to .avoid
| the risk of being shot down by
allied planes.
The command suggested the
pilots fly first to Paengyong, an
island off the west coast, and
then to Kimpo air base near
Seoul.
The command conceded that
the offer, unprecedented in the
Far East Command, was part of
psychological warfare campaign,
but said the “resultant technical
; knowledge would be invaluable.”
Truce Talks Strike
Snag Again on Issue
Os POW Exchange
By th* Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, Korea, April
i 27—The new Korean armistice
talks deadlocked again today as
the United Nations command
flatly rejected a Red prisoner
exchange proposal which it said
offers only return to Communist
rule or “endless captivity” for
Reds who refused to go home.
In their second meeting since
October 8, both Allied and Com-
Raturned POW Reports Some 'Squealed'
in Escape Plots. Page A-3
munist delegates stood pat on
their own plans for settling the
exchange problem and bringing
a truce in Korea.
Another session was scheduled
for 11 a.m tomorrow (9 p.m.
Monday EST).
The truce talks were broken
off October 8 by the U.N. com- 1
mand when it refused to force
any prisoner to go home against ■
his will. The Reds demanded all
prisoners back, including some 1
50,000 Chinese and North Ko
reans who have said they won’t
go home.
Although the Allies threatened
to call off the talks again unless
(See TRUCE, Page A-5.)
High-Court Ruling
Shields Bet Winners
The Supreme Court ruled;
unanimously today that the
Treasury Department cannot re- j
quire a gambler, in filing income
tax returns, to disclose the;
names of persons who won bets.
The opinion, written by Jus
tice Douglas, upheld a decision
by a Federal court in Kansas
City, Mo., dismissing a 101-count
indictment against James J.
Carroll, of St. Louis. Mo., a pro- |
fessional gambling “commission
er.”
The ruling today dealt with
an income tax controversy and
not directly with the Federal oc
cupation tax on gamblers. The
latter levy recently was upheld
by the Supreme Court.
The Treasury and Justice De- ;
partments had asked the Su
preme Court to find that a pro- j
fessional gambler could be re-1
quired to submit with his in
come tax return a separate state
ment containing detailed in
formation about payments he
made to winners of bets.
The gist of the Supreme Court
opinion was that such a re
quirement amounted to a Treas
ury Department regulation and
was not specified in the income
tax laws. i
Nursing Home Tour
A tour of 30 private nursing homes In
Montgomery County has been scheduled
for next Sunday by the county’s newly
formed Nursing Homes Association. For
details, see the story on Page B-4.
New York Markets. Pages A-18-19
Daylight Bill Voted
By House, Providing
Permanent Setup
Measure Waits Action
By Senate to Clear Up
Existing Confusion
BULLETIN
The House today passed and
sent to the Senate a bill to
give the District Commission
ers permanent authority each
i year to establish daylight sav
ing every summer in the Dis
; trict. The Senate previously
had passed a somewhat differ
-1 ent bill with permanent au
thority and was expected to
approve the House version,
perhaps today.
Washington was still without
daylight saving time today but
the slow pace was being debated
briskly in Congress. The speeches
started shortly afternoon (EST).
The bill before the House gives
the District Commissioners au
thority to establish daylight time
here for this season only. It was
called up by Representative
O’Hara, Republican, of Min
nesota. for the House District
! Committee.
Vote Likely Today.
Predictions on the outcome of
| the House vote varied from con
| fidence to doubt as to whether
j the House would approve or re-
I ject the bill. A vote was expected
this afternoon. The bill then
would have to go to the Senate.
Mr. O’Hara voiced the opinion
that the people of the District
do not want daylight time.
Opponents included Repre
sentative Schenck, Republican,
of Ohio, and Representative
Jones, Democrat, of Missouri.
Strongly defending the bill
were Representative Hyde. Re
i publican, of Maryland, and Rep
! resentative Bender, Republican,
I of Ohio.
Some 60 million other Ameri
i cans, mostly in urban areas like
Washington, went on daylight
time at 2 a.m. yesterday.
Schedules Upset.
The result was somewhat more
than perplexing for Washington
area folk who tried to keep pace
with television and transporta
tion schedules geared to day- j
light time. An undetermined
number missed trains, planes or
buses. Some others failed to
catch their favorite TV shows.
“There were some caustic com
ments —some definitely not for
publication.” said one transpor
tation official. „ “But mostly
people seemed pretty much re
; signed to it. Haven’t they been
| going through it almost every
spring?"
Not everybody was disgruntled, ■
though. TV programs originat
ing in the East came on an hour
earlier. This provided an earlier
watching time for favorites,
usually listed near the witching
hour.
| The House District Committee
finally reported the bill last Fri- I
I day which would give the District
I daylight time for this year only.
The Senate several weeks ago
passed a bill to give the Presi
dent a year-by-year option on
putting daylight time into effect.
Late News
Bulletin
Baseball Gamblers Warned
BOSTON (iP). Baseball |
Commissioner Ford Frick to- ;
day called attention to high- j
stakes card games between
players in a bulletin warning
the major league clubs against
gambling by players or asso
ciation with gamblers.
U. S. to Review
Entire Program
On Munitions
Seek to Cut Costs,
Kyes Tells Chamber;
Truman Planners Hit
By lh« Associated Pros*
Roger M. Kyes, deputy Secre
tary of Defense, said today the
Eisenhower administration will
review the whole munitions pic
ture and weed out high cost arms
plants in a move to keep America
strong in peace and war.
“Fantastic,” Mr. Kyes called
some of the planning done by
Treaty Curb Will Tie President's Hands,
Gen. Smith Worns. Page A-7
the Truman administration. A
speech he prepared for the United
States Chamber of Commerce
convention contained the sharp
est criticism to come so far from
the new administration of the
Truman regime’s rearmament
program.
Bases Widely Diffused.
The No. 2 man in the Defense
Department announced:
“Because in some instance*
the mobilization base is too wide
ly diffused, there will be situa
tions where a sufficient quantity
of the item manufactured is not
required to maintain a minimum
economic production flow in all
facilities.
i “In these cases, certain of the
facilities will be forced to stop
production, and where necessary
for the maintenance of the
mobilization base, arrangements
will be made for standby, while
in others, the tools will be
handled in such a manner as to
assure their availability. The
general policy will be that of
retaining the low cost producer
of desired goods, as against the
high cost producer.”
But Mr. Kyes said also "care
ful consideration” would be
given y to preserving industries
vital to defense which do not
have full opportunity in civilian
economy, noting that “the air
craft industry is an example of
this type.”
Reflects Wilson’s Views.
The major policy statement by
Mr. Kyes presumably reflected
the current views of Secretary of
j Defense Wilson, who has been in
I Europe. Both men are former
top executives of General Motors.
A month ago Mr. Wilson was
known to be questioning the
wisdom of the “broad base”
mobilization program instituted
by the former administration.
In his prepared address, Mr.
Kyes used sharp words in talk
ing of the rearmament program
started with the beginning of
the Korean war in 1950—" fa
ntastic paper targets,” “exag
gerated figures,” “poor planning
and inefficient execution."
He cited as examples: “One
mobilization plan resulted in re
quirements over and above as
sets on hand which would cost
$530 billion for hard goods
alone.” And: “Most of us would
question the combat capabilities
of a year’s surplu: of calculating
machines.”
Hits Faulty Conception.
He declared:
“We have been and are paying
dearly for two mistaken concep
tions with respect to national
security. First: Unsound and
unrealistic calculations of re
quirements for materials, equip
ment and supplies on the part
;of the military. Second: A neg
lect of the needs of a minimum
military posture in time of
j peace.”
He summed up his views on a
1 mobilization base this way:
When choosing an organiza
tion “large or small” to comprise
the mobilization base, he said,
there are six criteria: (1) It
must have the management and
technical knowledge required:
(2) it must have adequate ca
pacity: (3) it must have enough
capital to as not to be fully de
pendent on Federal aid: (4) man
power must be available: (5)
generally, no facility should fall
beiow requirements for a min
imum economic unit; (6) it
should not be given more de
fense business than it can
handle efficiently—up to three or
( four times its civilian dollar
volume.
Maryland Park Areas
Facing Money Crisis
PARK CRISIS—In nearby areas of
Montgomery and Prince Georges
Counties development of the park
system' has reached a crucial stage.
If money is not forthcoming from
Congress the system may be ruined.
For the second in a series on District
are parks see Poge B-l.
SLY SHOPPERS—Most people are
honest and pay for their groceries.
But of that small minority who insist
on lifting their victuals, the stores
ore not completely unaware. Some
tricks of the trade storekeepers watch
for are revealed on Page A-18.
Guide for Readers
Amusements B-19 Lost, Found .. A-3
Classified. B- 12-18 Obituary A-10
Comics . A-16-17 Rodio-TV..- A-15
Editorial A-8 Sports A-12-14
Edit'l Articles A-9 Woman's
Financial. A*lß-19j Section... B-3-4

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