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With Oaily Evening Edition. __ WASH I NGT O N 4, D. C. Published by The Evening Star Newspaper Company. SAMUEL H. KAUFFMANN, President. B. M. McKELWAY. Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11 th St and Pennsylvania Ava. NEW YORK OFFICE 420 Lexington Ave. CHICAGO OFFICE: 433 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday Monthly 1.75* Monthly 1.30* Monthly 65e Weekly 40c Weekly 30c Weekly 15e * 10c additional lor Night Final Edition. Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance Anywhere in the United States Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 year 25.00 I year 17 00 I year 10.00 6 months 13.00 6 months 9.00 6 months 5.50 1 month .. 2.25 1 month 2.00 1 month 1.25 telephone Sterling 3-5000 Entered at the Post Office Washington D C. ______ as second-class mail matter Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use tor republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all A. P. news dispatches. A-28 Moscow's May Day May Day in Moscow, an occasion in recent years for bluster and a show of force, was cut from a different pattern this year. The emphasis was on sportsmanship, good will and dancing in the streets. The military parade, usually an impressive show of Soviet power, was the shortest on record, lasting only about 15 minutes. And most of the weapons displayed were defensive in character. Different, too, was the oratory. The famil iar overtones of threat and boast were not heard. Defense Minister Marshal Bulganin was the principal speaker. He said that the attitude of the West calls for the “strengthening of our armed forces so as to be ready at any time to rebuff attempts of any hostile forces to Interfere with the peaceful and victorious ad vance of the Soviet people toward its great goal —communism.” But he also said this: “The Soviet government will welcome any steps on the part of other governments genuinely aimed at the easing of tension in the international situation and would like to see peaceful state ments made by the leaders of these govern ments supported by deeds.” The steps which Marshal Bulganin said would be welcome include a reduction in Western arms production and an abandonment of military bases in areas bounding the Soviet Union. There were many parallels between this speech in Moscow and President Eisenhower’s address to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. The Soviet marshal was only echoing the American President when the latter said that the free nations, as long as the threat to freedom persists, must remain at any cost armed, strong and ready for any risk of war. And the Russian Defense Minister merely para phrased this excerpt from the President’s speech: “We care only for sincerity of peaceful purpose—attested by deeds. The opportunities for such deeds are many. The performance of a great number of them waits upon no complex protocol but upon the simple will to do them. Even a few such clear and specific acts —such as the Soviet Union’s signature upon an Austrian treaty, or its release of thousands of prisoners still held from World War ll—would be impressive signs of sincere intent.” Will the “deeds” for which both of these spokesmen have appealed materialize? Will the tokens of a genuine desire for peace be forthcoming? Or must mankind, in the end, be dragged down to atomic ruin, leaving behind only the wreckage of civilization as a monu ment to stupidity or, more probably, duplicity? Driver Training Pays With traffic accidents among the younger drivers on the increase throughout the country, the renewed interest in driver-training courses in the schools is justified. An analysis of serious automobile accidents last year prepared by the Travelers Insurance Companies showed that drivers under 25, though they constitute only 15 per cent of all motorists, were responsible for about one-fourth of all fatal highway accidents in 1952. These figures show why school author ities in many cities, including Washington, are paying greater attention to safety courses, both of the classroom and practical-training types. As evidenced by the teen-age traffic conference here, young drivers are eager to learn how to operate an automobile safely. They should have this opportunity in the interest of public safety. The Travelers report declared that the young drivers cause more than their share of accidents because “too many of them simply don’t know how to drive safely.” It said the cure was competent training. That such train ing can drastically reduce accidents has been proved everywhere driver-training courses have been established. In one study in another city it was found that high-school students without benefit of special instructions were involved in 50 per cent more accidents than a group which had completed a driver-training course in the schools. Similar results have been reported from various parts of the country. Last year more than 400,000 drivers under 25 were involved in serious highway crashes. Deaths occurred in more than 11.000 of these accidents. Most of the accidents were caused by speeding, improper passing and similar hazardous practices. Safety authorities are confident that this slaughter can be materially reduced by more adequate training of drivers and that the training should begin in the schools. Washington has a training program now, but it is said that only about one-third of the students eligible for it can be accom modated. A committee df the automobile in dustry has offered to co-operate by providing additional automobiles for instruction purposes. This offer is too attractive to pass up. Expan sion of driver instruction among the youth of Washington will pay dividends in lives saved and injuries prevented. A Winning Parlay The thoroughbred and the betting window have been parlayed into a winner in the Ameri can sports world. A survey of 1952 attendance at the “sport of kings” shows that a total of 45.8 million persons spent some of their leisure time, and probably a lot of their money, watching the bangtails in the United States and Canada. Percentagewise, the greatest increase was recorded at the harness tracks as this form of horse racing continued its spectacular postwar revival in popularity. Organized baseball, the major and minor leagues, continued to slide off in attendance to a total of 40.9 million spectator fans. For those who still consider baseball the national pastime, however, it must be noted that the spectator total above does not Include the millions who ringed the sandlot and softball diamonds—or the kids in the vacant lots. Nor does it include the additional attendance via television, probably exceeding that which watches the relatively few big stake races served up on video. Probably the only lesson to be drawn from all of this is that the lure of pyramiding two dollars into a fat roll of currency provides an attractive “condiment” to an afternoon or evening of sport for sport’s sake. Any tips would be welcome. '...Short of Hell' Thomas E. Murray, a member of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, has given voice to an exceptionally somber and eloquent commentary on the “most ugly subject short of hell.” Although it has gone virtually un noticed in the welter of other news, the com mentary—a speech delivered recently at Man hattan College in New York City—is so full of meaning in terms of the continuing life or the sudden death of the whole of mankind that it should have everybody’s earnest attention. To with, warning against the wide spread “lethargy about the colossal arms race in which this Nation is now engaged.” Mr. Murray has declared, in a tone of urgency, that action ought to be taken without delay to meet the average American’s “crying need . . . to know more of the facts of atomic life and their implications for the near future of the world.” While acknowledging that certain of those facts must still be kept secret, he has hit hard against “a peculiar form of indiffer ence that leads to the dangerous conclusion ‘leave it to the experts.’” In contrast to De fense Secretary Charles E. Wilson—who seems to be in favor of making security restrictions even severer than they are at present—he has strongly suggested that the wraps should be removed from a lot of things in order to educate all of us to the terrible portentousness of our super-scientific age. Thus, in support of his argument against excessive, ignorance-breeding secrecy, Mr. Mur ray—who is uniquely well informed on this subject—has asserted that “we now find Ameri can democracy fashioning domestic and foreign policy with faulty vision, blind or unaware of the great bearing that the atomic arms race ought to have on wise policy-making. It seems clear to me. as one of the so-called experts, that the effects of this abandonment of the normal functioning of public opinion—this refusal to face the facts of atomic life—can be disastrous. . . . Life and death of humanity at large must not become dependent on the actions of a few—of a very small group of people. The frightening aspect of our present day existence must be clearly understood and recognized by the general public. ... I am convinced that a broad base of informed and interested civilians is essential to survival. . . . The problems are of such cosmic significance that they cannot safely be ‘left to the experts.’ ” What is it that has impelled Mr. Murray to speak in these rather sepulchral terms? What is it that has put so much somberness in his mind and filled him, obviously, with an extraordinary sense of urgency. Let his own words explain the thing: “I cannot emphasize enough that this particular test that you saw on your television” in March (the “small-sized" Nevada atomic blast equivalent to 15,000 tons of TNT) “was but a token of the destructive power this country can now loose in a single nuclear explosion. Had you been with me last fall, out in the Pacific at our testing station at Eniwetok, you would have no doubt that man kind now has within the range of his grasp means to exterminate the human race.” (The italics are supplied here to emphasize that this seems closer than any top AEC official has yet come to confirming that the United States has produced the hydrogen bomb—a weapon that can be at least as deadly as 20 million tons of TNT.) Having in mind such magnitudes of de structiveness—destructiveness that could wipe out all life on our planet—Mr. Murray has solemnly warned that “it may be the incom prehensible and the inscrutable will of God to make the 20th century ‘closing time’ for the human race.” But he has also observed that the atom can be harnessed to create a bright new era throughout the globe and that men and nations everywhere have an “inescapable and compelling obligation” to the Creator to “stay alive as long as possible” and to do their best to keep the peace and reject the assump tion that war is inevitable—a despairing as sumption whose inherent immorality is “matched only by the folly of the noticeable unconcern about an atomic future which is darker than man has ever faced before.” As far as the United States is concerned, Mr. Murray has declared that it should pray, build up its armed strength and exercise pru dence to avoid another global war. And he has recommended, to that end, that “the climate of ignorance” regarding atomic power should be swept away in America. The same holds true for Russia. In effect, the substance of his most timely message is that if the world is to avoid a hell of its own making, peoples everywhere must be let in on some of the awful secrets that only small groups of men now know. After all, this planet belongs to the whole human race, and the human race is therefore entitled to information that could spell the difference between its survival and annihilation. German Aviation Research Reports from West Germany indicate that a postwar economic recovery that already is highly impressive is merely awaiting a political “green light” in order to soar high into the skies. For such famous aviation names as Mess erschmitt and Heinkel and a flock of others already are identified with drawing boards covered with designs for passenger and cargo airplanes of new types and the intricate mathe matical-mechanical formulae of new devices for supersonic flying. At present, Germany is prohibited by her wartime conquerors from either building or operating aircraft other than gliders. The Bonn peace contract continues the prohibition against military aircraft unless unanimous approval is granted subsequently by the European Defense Community. Whether or when these obstacles will be removed is an open question but the German planning has begun and it is logical to suppose that time will remove the barriers. German proficiency in the aviation field was well established in the period between the two world wars. If employed for purposes of peace rather than those of war it could un doubtedly make new and spectacular contribu tions. The German technicians in this field are thinking in terms of their country again becoming a major air power—in commerce, at least—within the next decade. It is not an unrealistic aspiration. SUNDAY. May 3, 1953 Spires of the Spirit Earthen Vessels An English novelist, writing of the coming coronation of the second Queen Elizabeth, described England in these words: “A drab, threadbare, industrial community with an overcrowded popu lation shivering In the worst climate in the world.” If any one but an English man whose love for the “right little tight little isle” could not be questioned uttered such a derogatory thing, there would be instant angry rebuttal by any loyal subject of the Queen. But, when in the same article, this author soars in rhapsody as he envisions the glit tering glory which constitutes the treas ure of England, one knows that even when he tells the unvarnished truth about her living conditions and her rain-drenched, foggy weather, he is simply describing the container in which are placed the entrancing flowers of English life and history and civiliza tion. Gazing at the brave and gallant annals in the long history of this little island, he is thinking not chiefly of the earthen vessel, but of the treas ure it has held up to the ages, as rever ently he quotes the ecstatic song of Shakespeare: “This royal throne of kings, this scep tered isle, . . . This precious stone set in the silver sea.” It is this contrast between the com monplace channel and the opulent heritage which flows through it that led St. Paul to say of the Christianity which, with its transforming power, came so many centuries ago to the fair haired “Angles”: “We have this treas ure in earthen vessels.” * * Think of what the apostle to the Gentiles wrote to the early Christians about the very ordinary human clay and the priceless treasure poured into it. Concerning those first Christians, Paul, in his immortal letters, said some of the most discounting, critical, dis illusioning things that could be im agined. He talks plainly of their faults and failures, of their lapses into pagan practices, of their contentions and jealousies, of their impurities and in consistencies, until one is inclined to see little but the marred and imperfect vessel in which the flowers qf grace are supposed to be exhibited. But when he has his eye not on the human material, but upon the Crystal Christ and the Church all resplendent, adorned with white purity and loveliness even as a bride, then he clothes his vision of the treasure in language which climbs to the summit of sublimity. He reaches out for words with which to capture the glory; he stretches, bends and pol Letters to The Star.. New Loyalty Program It will be interesting to discover whether the new loyalty program will prove any more effective than the Truman method. As it now stands, the new regime appears to be con cerned solely with getting rid of most of those who did not vote the straight Republican ticket or made public ut terances against Senator McCarthy, who has his eye on the presidency and doesn’t care how he gets it. Loyalty is not only hard to define, it is even harder to maintain. Revolu tions, contrary to popular belief, are not made by card-carrying Commu nists, but by the abuses of conservative governments. J. Wilbur Potherby. ★ * According to President Eisenhower’s new program governing “security risks” in Federal employment. Senator Mc- Carthy has proved himself to be a “security risk” and should be dismissed from Federal service. “Security risk” may be defined as a “person or group which has adopted or shows a policy of advocacy or approving the commis sion of acts of force ... to deny other persons their rights under the Con stitution of the United States.” In McCarthy’s most recent audacious attempts to silence James A. Wechsler, editor of the New York Post, he has shown his unequivocable advocacy of denying a person his rights under the first amendment of the Constitution of the United States. Jessie B. Solomon. * * I notice that the President's new security order suggests as a basis for removal from Government service “membership in an affiliation or sym pathetic association with any move ment which has adopted a policy of advocating or approving the commis sion of acts of force to deny other Fifty Years Ago in The Star . . . The Star on April 25,1903. explained: “Before sailing for his home in Scot land yesterday, Andrew Peoce Palace Carnegie donated $1.5 Provided million for a temple of peace for the perma nent court of arbitration at The Hague. The gift was made through Baron Govers. the Minister of The Netherlands at this capital, and was made with the understanding that the government of Holland would be responsible for its administration. Mr. Carnegie has spoken of his purpose to make a donation for the building of a library of international law at The Hague to several persons. Some time ago he broached the subject to Mayor (Seth) Low of New York, Andrew D. White and Frederick W. Holls, and all of these gentlemen approved the idea. It is supposed that should the gift be accepted, a trust would be constituted and administered by the government of The Netherlands as trustee for the other powers to the conventions that might meet there.” * * On April 30, 1903. The Star quoted the New York Tribune as follows con cerning the first in- First President's auguration of George Inauguration Washington: “New York was now (April 30. 1789) ready for the incident that overshadowed all others of the time ... the most important and imposing ceremonial that had yet been observed on the western continent. . . . The pro cession was made up of various regi ments, the joint committees of Con gress, the heads of departments, the foreign ministers and a long train of distinguished citizens. It marched through Pearl and Broad streets to the Federal Hall, where Congress was as sembled. Vice President Adams met Washington at the door, led him to the chair of state and introduced him for mally to the august body in whose pres ence he stood. After a moment or two, ishes them, as he struggles to depict what he calls "this treasure.” Across ecstatic pages Paul seems to be saying: “This treasure! This treasure!" But always he adds, conscious, of his own low stature and as he looked without illusions at his fellow Christians, “We have this treasure in earthen vessels.” We who are living today, in the 20th century, have this same consciousness of the incongruity between the treasure and the vessel. There is the church, with its regrettable littlenesses, its per sonal animosities,- its unhappy divisions, its exaggeration of denominational viewpoints which, in this day of the terrific onslaught against all for which the church stands, seem often to be no more important than the difference between tweedle dee and tweedle dum. Yet there is the treasure which she has carried across stormy centuries. Now in this distinction between the earthen vessel and the treasure there is indicated a fundamental method of the divine revelation. God pours His glory not into chastely adorned, royal chalices, but into commonplace, earthy vessels. Biographies are the records of treas ure in earthen vessels. And what com mon clay a complete biography often brings out. when there is no face lifting and Cromwell’s wart is left to mar his countenance! The surpassing wonder of the incar nation is that in Christ this treasure, God’s very heart, was in an earthen vessel. And then glance at the men He called to His side. Matthew, the tax collector: Simon, the social radical; Peter, the swearing fisherman: John and James, bad-tempered sons of thun der; all sorts of rough fellows with persons their rights under the Consti tution of the United States.” Therefore I shall expect the immedi ate firing of any Government employe adhering to the States’ Rights branch of the Democratic Party, which insists on enforcing its own devices created to prevent the full application of the franchise privilege and specifically to forestall the rights conferred by the fifteenth amendment to the Constitu tion- Hyattstown Hick. In Praise of Stokes I want to express my deep concern about the illness of Thomas L. Stokes. I buy The Star only because of the columns of Mr. Stokes, Mr. Mellett, and Miss Doris Flee son, three liberal com mentators. R. F. Oil for Student Lamps If there is one thing most people want to pay for on the local level it is for the education of their children. If this proposition is true—and it al ways has been in our history so far then an oil hand-out by the Federal Government is not desirable. What is closer to the people of every community than its education pro gram? Can or will communities meas ure such matters as cost, efficiency, and results if they don’t have to foot the bill? Are not these factors necessary for a true determination of progress or lack of it? * On the other hand, would not an oil hand-out to education create a false impression as to the cheapness of edu cation? In a country which spends more money for whisky, tobacco, cosmetics and other like items, than on education, it may be fatal to start deceiving our selves as to the cost of education via the Federal hand-out anticipated by the foes of State control of tidelands. John F. Clagett. the Vice President announced that the Senate and House were ready to attend while the oath required by the Consti tution of the United States was ad ministered by the Chancellor of the State of New York. Washington grave ly replied: ‘I am ready to proceed,’ and, led by the Vice President and accompanied by the Senators, the Chan cellor in his robes and other men of distinction, he passed upon the balcony that overlooked the throng filling Wall and Broad streets. . . . There was a large Bible laid on a table on the bal cony. . . . This was taken up and held up between Washington and the Chan cellor by the secretary of the Senate, Samuel Alyne Otis. Washington laid his right hand on the opened book, and the Chancellor slowly and in a clear voice repeated the oath. At its con clusion, Washington said: ‘I swear,' and added, with a deep fervor noticeable to all, ‘so help me God.’ He then stooped over and kissed the sacred volume. ‘lt is done.’ said Chancellor Livingston, and turning to the throng in the streets, with a wave of his hand, he uttered the cry, ‘Long live George Washington, President of the United States!’ The response from the people seemed all the more tumultuous from contrast with the silence that had attended upon the administration of the oath. The Na tional Ensign was immediately run up from the cupola of the Federal Hall." ★ * The Star on April 27, 1903, published a two-column line cut representing the design of a pro- Plon for Jefferson posed memorial to Memorial Thomas Jefferson. With the illustra tion appeared an article outlining a plan for raising the necessary money by selling 150.000 portrait medallions of the third President and copies of the Declaration of Independence which he wrote. Sponsors of the project in cluded: Former Senator Kenney of Del aware. Dr. Ralph Walsh, Gen. Edwin Warfield, Joseph Daniels, Philip P. By Frederick Brown Harris MlnUtcr. Foundry Methodist Church; Chaplain. United States Senate. . their frailties, vices and sins. What could He possibly want with them? Answer: He was going to put this treasure in those earthy vessels. Os course. He was going to do some thing to the vessels. They were not to stay the way they were. He was going to take crudeness and vulgarity and misdirected impulses and mold ail that into forms of incredible loveliness, until the Church has instinctively felt that these first disciples, including even Peter who, again and again, seemed to be made of the cheapest earthenware, belong in the category of saints and seers. Into vessels like that Christ was going to entrust the treasure. And >o He did, with what results we know and the gges behold. What kind of a vessel was Francis of Assisi, who is everybody’s saint? What Christian. Protestant or Catholic does not feel like lighting a grateful candle to him? But the thing that makes us love him is that he was such an earthen vessel The blessed con tagion of his brand of sainthood, which sang its way in beggar’s clothes around Italy, earning for him that blithesome title “God’s Troubadour.” touches tens of thousands of lives even in our sophis ticated day and kindles torches of faith and hope. * * Into this apostolic sucession of the earthen vessel and the heavenly treasure we are called. Not one of us is glorious in himself. But we may be lighted with celestial fire. The one glorious, thrilling thing about you and about me is what we can be linked up with, wired up to, used by, in the eternal struggle between the darkness and the light. The final appraisal of any life must be based on what causes have mastered it, what powers have surged through it. One of America’s most useful citi zens. looking back on his life’s work as the tinted shadows were gathering in the western sky. said: “I am grate ful for the ideas that have used me.” The miracle of Divine grace is that the treasure gradually transfigures the earthen vessel, which becomes more and more meet for the Master’s use, until it melts into the treasure. In moving verses which might be called "The Vessel and the Treasure,” the progressive steps which lead upward to the final merging of the two are set down in this order: “All of self and none of Thee—Some of self and some of Thee—Less of self and more of Thee—None of self and all of Thee.” Then it is that the image of the earthy is lost in the image of the heavenly. Pen-names may be used if letters carry writers’ correct names and addresses. All letters are subject to condensation. Defends the Military Defense Secretary Wilson should be the last person to make such a state ment as “You can’t buy the type of leadership Gen. Bradley is talking about.” By this he presumably means that those in the military should give no thought to any personal advantage or gain, but give their service and de votion out of love for their country. I recall that Mr. Wilson was very re luctant to part with any personal ad vantage and gain when he started his own tour of duty, and Congress had to beat him over the head, figuratively speaking, to cause him to make a sacrifice. Granted that in any sprawling or ganization such as the military there is bound to be waste, and there are bound to be inequities, Mr. Wilson is not painting a true Dicture of the Pen tagon when he piefc out one isolated case of a lieutenant colonel being in charge of a mail room. The great ma jority of officers are underpaid, mis understood, and frustrated to the point of despair at Congress and others in authority who are so shortsighted that they cannot or will not see, or are so anxious to get re-elected that they pass over, all the good things accomplished by the top men in our military. In a democracy we do things differ ently in Government and the military from the so-called efficiency of industry. I imagine that if Mr. Wilson had ever spent two years of active duty in the Pentagon as a reserve officer, recalled involuntarily, as my husband was, and really knew whereof he spoke, instead of sitting aloof, he might have a clearer picture of men who are making nervous wrecks of themselves trying to do a good job, in spite of Mr Wilson and others who want to make a good show ing at cutting expenditures. Reserve Officer’s Wife. Baker. Horace S. Cummings, Andrew A. Lipscomb and W. S. McKean. The memorial was to take the form of the Parthenon in Athens with modifica tions. It was to contain “all the fea tures of classic architecture which the dignity and grandeur of such a structure demands.” A “Government reservation near the White House” was stipulated as the site. “It may be that it will be placed somewhere along the line of the boulevard planned by the Park Commission to connect the Cap itol with the (Washington) Monument Grounds. If this plan (should! be adopted, the memorial might take the place of the Lincoln memorial in the commission’s plan and be placed at the far end of the boulevard at such a point that the monument will be mid way between it and the Capitol.” The cost of the Jefferson memorial had been estimated at $500,000. When the now existing white marble structure on the Potomac basin finally was erected be tween 1939 and 1943, it involved an expenditure approximating $2,980,000. ★ * A despatch from Peking, featured in The Star for April 24, 1903, said: “Rus sia has demanded Russian Demands that China sign an On China agreement practic cally ceding to her the sovereignty of Manchuria and ex cluding other nations from that coun try. The Russian Charge d’Affaires, M. Plancon. has informed Prince Ching. president of the Foreign Office, that no further steps in the evacuation of Man churia will be taken until the agree ment is signed. Prince Ching refused the Russian terms, but his refusal prob ably pleases Russia as well as his ac ceptance would have done, because either alternative means the relin quishing of Chinese sovereignty in Manchuria. The Russian demands are as follows: First, no Manchurian ports or towns are to be opened; second, no more foreign consuls are to be admitted into Manchuria; third, no foreigners Tidelands Oil Filibuster Called Indefensible' Writer Sees Democrat Senators Hurting Their Own Party By Frank R. Kent The more thoughtful Democrats in Congress are beginning to feel that the party strategy they have been follow ing in past weeks easily may land them in an exceedingly uncomfortable situa tion so far as next year’s congressional elections are concerned. Evidence of this is afforded by the clear party re sponsibility for the extraordinary fili buster against the so-called tidelands oil bill. Though they are clearly in a minority, its opponents have held up this bill for more than a month. It will finally be voted upon next Tuesday, but in the meantime Congress has been at an almost complete standstill. There is not—arid never has been— the slightest doubt that the bill will pass and the Democratic filibuster will then be shown as both foolish and futile. All that ever could possibly be accomplished was to delay the whole Eisenhower legislative program, waste the time of Congress and cost the tax payers money. For this the Democratic responsibility is clear and inescapable. But there is more to it than that. It is the Democratic hope to put the Ad ministration on the defensive in the next campaign. They want to be able to claim that it failed to carry out its promises of reform and relief. But such claims become ridiculous when made by the party w-hich by dilatory tactics exerts itself to make redemption of these promises impossible. * * They cannot have it both ways. They cannot, for example, accuse the Ad ministration of failure to give tbe people what they clearly want, and were concretely promised, and at the same time, by methods which they them selves have denounced, clog the wheels of Congress and thwart the will of its majority. Nor will it be possible to keep the truth about this filibuster away from the American people by silly denials that it was a filibuster. Cer tainly it is a reflection upon such “liberal” Democratic senators as Sena tor Lehman, of New York, and Senator Humphrey, of Minnesota, to be follow ing the lead of that garrulous publicity seeker and self-styled independent. Senator Wayne Morse, of Oregon, whose 22-hour speech established a new record for silliness. Yet, that is exactly what they have been doing. Their attitude is particu larly absurd when it is recalled that in the past they have been the most vio lent and vocal opponents of the fili busters of Southern Senators against so-called civil-rights legislation. Their contention that a “great principle” is involved in their present completely contradictory position and that, in stead of filibustering, what they are really trying to do is to "educate the American people” and prevent a dia bolical effort to deprive them of their inherent wealth—that contention does not hold water at all. Equally fervent arguments to defend their filibusters are always made by the Southern Democrats—with even more conviction than exists among the tide lands bill opponents and with far great er popular support in their States. While there are some striking similari ties between the tidelands opposition and that against the FEPC. there also are two striking differences. One of these is that the anti-FEPC Democrats of the South made no hypocritical denials of their filibustering. Another is that they did succeed in blocking what they considered an obnoxious and vindictive law. On the other hand, the tidelands opponents not only hypo critically deny their filibuster but most of them privately admit its futility. And some of them, like most people throughout the country, neither under stand the merits of the bill nor care one way or the other about it. This, perhaps, is the biggest difference be tween them and the anti-civil rights opponents. All of the latter not only understand what is involved in the bill to which they are opposed but care very deeply. * * Considering all the facts and regard less of the merits of the measure, it does seem that this tidelands filibuster is one of the most indefensible we have ever had. Further, it not only prom ises to be entirely unprofitable to the filibusters but greatly to enfeeble their planned attack next year upon admin istration failures. Os course, as now seems likely, if they continue this type of obstruction to include the proposed economies in the cost of Government they will considerably strengthen the administration argument that the only way to insure giving the people what they want is to elect not fewer but more Republicans to Congress in 1954. In other words, there seems sound basis for the charge that this tidelanda filibuster was extremely stupid from the standpoint of the filibusters, them selves. They never had anything to gain but quite a lot to lose. except Russians, are to be employed in the public service of Manchuria; fourth, the present status of the ad ministration of Manchuria is to re main unchanged: fifth, the customs receipts at the port of New Chwang are to be given to the Russo-Chinese bank; sixth, a sanitary commission is to be organized under Russian control; seventh, Russia is entitled to attach the telegraph wires and poles of all Chi nese lines in Manchuria, and eighth, no territory in Manchuria is to be alienated to any other power.” Excite ment soon spread from Peking to other capitals. In Tokyo, “the press insisted on vigorous action, confident that the United States, as well as Great Britain, will support Japan.” Here in Wash ington it was announced that: “Silently but surely Russia has been amassing a force in Eastern waters, preparatory to the enactment of her coup d’etat, until today her fleet in the Asiatic sta tion numbers 42 vessels.” The rum bling of eventual war could be heard by “informed authorities.” ★ * The Star of April 18, 1903. disclosed that the body of Capt. Thomas W. Lord had been found in the Cops. Lord's Potomac River at Mar- Body Found shall Hall. He had dis appeared December 20. 1901. and had been on the missing persons list ever since that date. A native of Maine and a veteran of the Union Arqiy who had lost a leg at Chancellorsville, he had been well known in Washington and hi* mysterious absence had created wide spread discussion. A friend, Thomas Marshall, had offered a reward of SIOO for information concerning him. The police had searched for the captain in vain. Anson Neal discovered his corpse floating in the water near the wharf at Marshall Hall. Identification was made by a police photographer.