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THE EVENING STAR * Washington, D. C. FRIDAY, MAY *, IMS Officials Deny Asking For Closed Session On Foreign Aid Bill A minor mystery developed to day over why the Senate For eign Relations Committee went into closed session to question Treasury Secretary Humphrey and Mutual Security Director Stassen on the new $5.8 billion foreign aid authorization. Chairman Wiley was informed last night by a member of the committee staff that the officials had requested a closed session. When they arrived at the Cap itol today, however, both Mr. Humphrey and Mr. Stassen said they had made no request. Mr. Stassen added, however, that one of the subjects on which he was bringing the com mittee additional information was the $250 million item in the new bill to be used at the Presi dent's discretion in providing friendly countries with “special weapons.” Wilson Questioned. Meanwhile. Defense Secretary Wilson was questioned by mem bers of the House Foreign Af fairs Committee in a similar atmosphere of deep secrecy. A committee spokesman told re porters that the sessions will continue to be closed "purely on the grounds of security.” Mr. Wilson's replies to ques tions by committee members, he said, were so highly classified that none of them could be re vealed. It appeared, however, that the Secretary covered much the same ground as yesterday before the Senate group. A statement w r as released saying that the com mittee questioned Mr. Wilson “on the fiscal status of funds previ ously voted for the foreign aid program” and the use of these funds in the program in the com ing year. Scrutinizing Program. According to the statement, Mr. Wilson assured the commit tee that his assistants were “scrutinizing all parts of the pro gram for which money has been appropriated, but not yet obli gated.” In his testimony before the Senate committee yesterday. Mr. Wilson disclosed that actual expenditures for arms aid to friendly countries would be in creased to $5 billion in the com ing year. The nature of the weapons has not been discussed in open session, beyond the explanation they are not atomic. Existing law prohibits the transfer of atomic weapons. In this connection. Senate Majority Leader Taft said that unless present military and for eign aid plans are altered, the Eisenhower administration may pay out more in its first fiscal year than the Truman regime did in its last. Have $Bl Billion Now. This could easily result from the fact that, no matter how much the Republicans cut new appropriations, they start the 1954 bookkeeping year on July 1 with $Bl billion already avail able in unspent balances from past appropriations, largely for defense. Weapons ordered a year or two ago will be coming off the assembly line in the months ahead. The Republicans are discover ing that they will have a hard time balancing the budget until most of this backlog of past appropriations has been spent. Mr. Humphrey told Congress a few days ago that the way to do this is to hold down new authorizations, so that the back log will shrink a year from now. Threat Played Down. Both Senate and House com mittees were getting back to close consideration of the aid bill after several days of testimony on the problem of emergency aid to Southeast Asia to meet threats of new Communist aggression there. The star witness at yes terday’s sessions was Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who played down the urgency of the threat in his testimony before the Sen ate group. James C. Dunn, newly ap pointed Ambassador to Madrid, The Weather Here and Over the Nation District and vicinity—Fair and a little cooler tonight, lowest about 54. Tomorrow, mostly sunny and mild. Maryland and Virginia—Most ly fair tonight, with chance of a few showers in east early to night, lowest 46-50 in w f est and 50-55 in east portion. Tomorrow, mostly sunny and mild. Wind—Westerly at 10 miles per hour today. Tomorrow, light and variable winds. ~WTTW US. WUTHH lIMtAU MAP 'y PspmiwsM ad Ciww»n« Uw Ttmpiraluft* ond Arwn y>V ) M) A. Os IJO AJM. MT M*iH *"»"E23 70 Muyl,l9H Mphe and lews la Mm Shower and thunderstorm activity is expected tonight over the Middle Atlantic States, New England, Southern Florida and western gulf region. Showers are also forecast for the Central and Northern Plains area with possibility of scattered thunderstorms. Some snow might fall in the North ern Rockies. Cooler temperatures are expected in the North ern Rockies and Northern Plains area. —AP Wirephoto Map. President Backs $2.3 Billion Slash in Defense Budget By John A. Giles A $2 3 billion cut in military spending during the fiscal year beginning July 1 has been ap proved by President Eisenhower. No breakdown as to expendi tures was released by Budget Di rector Dodge last night. Assist ant Secretary of Defence Wil fred J. McNeil, the department controller, said today it had not been completed. However, it is known the services will have about 60 per cent less for procurement and will have to tiim some 200,000 persons from the 3.5 million now i in uniform. New Contracts Cut. Mr. Dodge also disclosed the President will ask Congress for $5 1 billion less in authority to make new contracts than was requested by former President Truman last January. Virtually all this reduction was in Air Force authority. A Navy cut of some $1.7 billion was offset al- I most entirely by an increase for the Army of $1.6 billion. Chairman Short of the House Armed Services Committee said the cutback in Air Force au thorizations would mean a "stretchout” in building up to 143 wings by mid-1955. He added “I would have us bring our present Air Force to full strength, instead of adding more units that are not strong.” 103 Wings Now. This indicated the plan was to ; keep wings in existence at full i strength rather than increasing i the number and reducing their complements. There are now 103 wings and Mr. Truman estimated 1 the air arm would have 106 wings | by June 30. The pared down requests for new authorizations of $36 billion compared with $41.3 billion re ; —- Red Invaders of Laos Still Withdrawing in Unexplained Move By Larry Allen Associated Prm Foreign Correspondent HANOI, Indo-China, May B. The end of the Communist inva sion of Laos—without a major battle and virtually without cas ualties—seemed to be just around the corner today. So far it had been one of history’s strangest tries at conquest. Communist-led Viet Minh troops which * overran one-third of the Indo-Chinese kingdom in a 25-day march were continuing to pull out of the heart of the little mountain state, heading toward the Black and upper Red Rivers in northwestern Indo- China—their original jump-off bases. Well informed, non-military sources said the Viet Minh al ready has withdrawn two divi sions—half their initial invasion force —into northern Laos and the tempo of the movement is in creasing. The Viet Minh began its at tack on Laos with an estimated four divisions, or more than 40,- 000 soldiers. “Liberation” Suddenly Ends. Drives from supply bases 200 to 300 miles away quickly brought advance units to wichin sight of the Laotian royal seat of Luang Prabang and posed a threat to Vientiane, the kingdom’s admin istrative capital on the Mekong ; was closeted nearly two hours i with the group to present an op ; timistic report on the progress -of negotiations with Spain for j military bases. Mr. Dunn told reporters after ward he had found the Franco government “fully understanding and co-operative.” A member of the subcommittee. Representa tive Fulton. Republican, of Penn sylvania added that the picture as drawn by Mr. Dunn had been “very encouraging." Mr. Fulton said he “looked forward to a successful end of negotiations for the air and naval bases” in the reasonably near future. Five-Day Forecast for Washing ton and Vicinity, May 9-13. Temperature will average 3 to 6 degrees above normal. Wash ington normals this time of year are 73 for the daily high and 63 for the low. Warmer over the week end and cooler Tuesday ! and Wednesday. Showers likely Monday or Tuesday will total j *2 to 1 inch. Ri»er Report. (From U S. Engineer*.! Potomac River cloudy «t Harper* Ferry and muddy at Great Falls; Shenandoah cloudy at Harpers Ferry. quested by Mr. Truman in his “bare bone” budget. However. Chairman Wiggles worth of the House Military Ap propriations Subcommittee said the revised estimates of contrac tural needs were made in the light of estimated unexpended balances as of June 30 totaling $63 billion. . Revised Estimates Given. The revised estimates of new obligational authority, plus the j estimated carryovers to be avail able June 30, for each service follows: Army—sl3.6 billion and sl7 j billion; Navy—s 9.6 billion and sl7 billion, and Air Force—sll.7 billion and $29 billion. The Office of the Secretary of Defense was cut of more than $1 billion. New contractural authority for the Air Force was trimmed around $5 billion, including $3.1 billion for aircraft and related procurement and $1.3 billion for maintenance and operations. Meanwhile, it appeared the armed forces would take the cut backs without complaint, hoping that Congress will not make fur ther heavy reductions. No Protest Planned. Secretary of the Air Force Harold E. Talbott said that his service would make no attempt to protest to the President. Un der the law, the service secre taries have the right to appeal to the Chief Executive after first advising the Secretary of De fense. Until the service spending breakdowns are worked out the military departments cannot figure the details of cutbacks. The Army expects to do away with two more training divisions, however. It already has an nounced deactivitation of one. In addition, it expects to close about 10 posts and make reduc tions in administration and technical personnel. River border with neighboring Thailand. But the Viet Minh’s announced program of “liberating” Laos and Cambodia —two of the three French - associated Indo-Chinese states—and merging the whole country under a Communist gov ernment suddenly came to a halt three days ago. Instead of con tinuing to advance, the Viet Minh started pulling back. The only opposition to the Red drive came from a half dozen thinly - manned French - Laotian posts in the mountains. In all, there probably were not 100 men killed m direct clashes, but French air bombings may have killed scores of the Viet Minh. Supply Lines Stretched. The French hastily built up battlegrounds of their own choosing—with American sup plied-war equipment. Their enemy almost nonchalantly skirted or swirled around and past such bases, leaving only enough forces to pin down the French. Reclamation Bureau Staff to Be Cut 10 Pet. •y the Associated Frau The Interior Department has ordered an economy cut of more than 10 per cent by June 30 in the Reclamation Bureau’s staff— a reduction of 1,222 among 12,000 to 13,000 employes. Assistant Secretary of the In terior Aandahl gave the figures to newsmen yesterday. It was the first major personnel slash ordered by Secretary of the In terior McKay. Mr. Aandahl said the staff cut back in seven regional offices, the chief engineer’s office in Denver and the headquarters here is based on “prospective estimates of what congressional action might be.” Former President Truman rec ommended $231,188,000 for the bureau in the fiscal year starting July 1. Mr. McKay asked $177,- 350,000 and the House voted $133,146,675. The Senate has not yet acted. Humidity. (Readings at National Airport.) Teaterday— Pet. Today— Pet. Noon 82 Midnight . 73 4 P-m. 75 8 a.m. 85 8 p m. 78 Recard Temperatorea This Tear. Slghcst. 88. on April 25. iweit, 22. on March 2. High and Low a( Last 34 Hour*. High. 74, at 5:25 p m. Low. 58. at 6:35 a m. Tlda Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) .. , Today. Tomorrow High 4:11 a.m. 5:16 a.m. |*w 11.16 a.m. 12:17 p.m. High 4:33 p.m. 5:44 p.m Low 11:34 p.m. 12:30 p.m. The Son and Mean Rises. Seta. i Sun, today 6:03 8:07 Sun. tomorrow _ 6:01 8:08 Moon, today 3:05 a.m. 3:07 p.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-hall hour alter sunset. Precipitatien. Monthly precipitation in Inches In the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1953. Avg. Record. January 4.13 3.38 7.83 ’37 February 2:35 3.00 6.84 'B4 March 7.43 3.65 B.«M #1 April 4.06 3.30 W.JTI 'B9 May 6.94 3.71 10.69 'B9 June 3.97 10.94 00 July . 4.40 10.63 'B6 Auguat 4.35 14.41 *2B September 3.6# 17.45 '34 October 2.91 8.81 '37 November 2.71 7.18 '77 December ... 3.08 7.6« 'Ol Temperatures In Various Cities. Abilene 92 6o' Little Rock. 72 50 Albany 74 59 Los Angeles. 70 55 Albuquerque 80 52 Louisville 68 52 Anchorage . 54 37 Memphis..'. 76 49 Atlanta 73 54 Miami 81 76 Atlantic City 65 50 Milwaukee 67 53 Billings 85 44 Minneapolis 86 54 Birmingham 73 51 Montgomery 79 58 Bismarck .. 82 57 New Orleans 84 61 Boise 62 36 New York 72 54 Boston 69 51 Norfolk 73 61 Buffalo 66 50 Oklahoma C. 76 48 Burlington. 76 58 Omaha 72 46 Charleston . 80 63 Philadelphia 73 57 ; Charlotte . 76 56 Phoenix _ 89 55 Cheyenne 70 35 Pittsburgh 63 47 Chicago 68 64 P'tland. Me. 65 60 j Cincinnati . 67 52 P’tland. Or. 59 45 I Cleveland 65 50 Raleigh 77 53 ' Columbus.. 68 49 Reno 6o 3i , Dallas 88 59 Richmond 73 54 . Denver 76 45 St. Louis..' 68 50 1 Des Moines. 71 50 Salt Lake C. 71 39 Detroit 63 54 San Antonio 91 61 Duluth ... 86 63 San Dieao 76 59 Fort Worth. 86 56 S. Francisco 62 48 Houston 88 66 Savannah . so 55 Huron 79 48 Seattle.. 58 43 Indianapolis 67 *1 Tampa 81 63 Kansas City «s 46 Washington. 74 5? Key West .. 67 77 Wichita 68 47 1 Knoxville.. 69 50 MIGs Encountered First Time in 8 Days And 3 Are Damaged ■y the Associated Press SEOUL, May 8. —United States Sabre jet pilots damaged three Communist MIGs in battles high over Northwest Korea today. It was the first time in eight days Red fighters ventured across the Valu River from their Manchu rian sanctuary. There has been speculation that Red pilots were being put through an intensive loyalty check because of a United Na tions Command offer of $50,000 to Communist flyers delivering MIGs to the allies—with a $50,- 000 bonus for the first plane. United States 7th Division in fantrymen smashed a Commu nist attack by possibly 300 men on Porkchop Hill in the biggest action in days along the stag nant ground front. The Bth Army called the attack half-hearted and said the Reds pulled back to their own lines in the face of heavy allied ar tillery and mortar fire. The Navy, meanwhile, sent swarms of carrier-based fighter bombers and a half dozen war ships, led by the battleship New Jersey, against key Communist port areas on Korea’s east coast. One Communist MIG was hit in a fight between 10 Sabres and 16 MIGs just south of the Yalu, the sth Air Force said. The other two were damaged in aerial battles involving an undisclosed number of Sabres and about 20 MIGs. Thirteen other Sabres flying as fighter-bombers hit a military headquarters north of Pyong yang, North Korean capital, to day as cloudy skies cleared slightly. Marine Corsairs pounded Red troop concentrations at Haeju and Chunghwa in Western Korea. Corsairs, Skyraiders and Pan therjets from the carrier Valley Forge flattened 153 buildings in a military billeting center south of Hungnam in Eastern Korea yesterday. Carrier Planes Busy. North of Hamhung, another squadron from the Valley Foige ripped up 57 buildings and damaged 37 in a supply area. Bomb blasts touched off roaring fires and five secondary ex plosions, the Navy said. The battleship New Jersey, cruiser Bremerton and destroyer Colahan steamed into Wonsan harbor to bombard the key port. The cruiser St. Paul and the de stroyers Nicholas and Hender son shot up a supply area north of Chodo. B-26 bombers drove through fog and heavy clouds last night to harrass Red supply lines and returning pilots reported de struction of 46 supply trucks in the Pyongyang area. Other B-26s bombed an airfield at Sinmak in Western Korea. Air goes through... cool woven vent oxfords 10 ,s You meet the breezes halfway in men’s all-leather BROWN oecfords with woven vents. Comfortably light and flexible, in good taste for your city or country holiday on Decora tion Day. \ \ 14th A G 7th A K *44*3 Conn. \ \ *3113 14th ‘Silver Spring, Md. \ *'Clarendon, Va. \ *Open 9:30 to 9 Daily “Open 9:30 to 9 Mon., Thurt., Fri., Sal. FREE CUSTOMER PARKING AT ALL HAHN NEIGHBORHOOD STORES The Federal Spotlight Legion Agrees to Several Preference Right Revisions By Joseph Young The American Legion has agreed to several modifications of veterans rights in Federal employment. ~ Yielding from its long-standing opposition to any changes in the Veterans’ Preference law, the Legion’s national executive com mittee has agreed to support legislation to require veterans to make a passing grade on their exams < before receiving their extra 5 or 10 points. The committee also agreed that veterans rating system in placing • ,o,eph Youn*. Federal workers, it would not object to this sort of system fox professional and scientific jobs j above Grade GS-10. Under such a system, candidates for Federal jobs would be placed in such categories as “exceptionally well qualified,” “well qualified,” “qual ified” and “unqualified.” The Legion said veterans with compensatory disabilities should be placed at the top of these various categories and that no non-veterans be appointed from any category until all veterans have been appointed or objec tions to their appointments have been sustained by the Civil Serv ice Commission. The fact that the Legion has retreated from its long-standing i opposition to any changes in the law, has encouraged Civil Serv ice and other employe officials to believe that further satisfactory compromises can be worked out to strengthen the merit system. Most of the other veterans’ or ganizations have supported such modifications as requiring vet erans to make passing grades be fore receiving additional points, but the Legion’s strong opposi tion has always been enough to block enactment in Congress. Civil Service officials also would like to see legislation enacted that would set up a category rating retention system to give long-time non-veteran employes a little more protection in Gov ernment reduction-in-force pro grams. While the Legion still op poses this, the fact that it does not object to a similar system for filling Federal jobs gives CSC I officials some hope that eventu- j ally the Legion will modify its! stand in this regard also. *** * i PERSONNEL COUNCIL—The ! Senate Appropriations Subcom mittee on the 1954 Independent ‘ ❖ ; Offices bill has upheld House ac- I tion in abolishing the Federal i Personnel Council and trans ; ferring its functions to the office ; of the Executive Director in the i Civil Service Commission. The full Senate Appropriations Com mittee meets on the bill Monday and is expected to approve it. However, a strong fight will be made on the Senate floor by Sen ator Johnston, Democrat, of South Carolina, to restore the funds for the personnel council. As the ranking minority member of the Senate Civil Service Com mittee and its past chairman, I Senator Johnston feels it has I done an excellent job in formu | lating Federal personnel policies and should be continued. ** * * HOUSING EMPLOYES—The Senate Appropriations Subcom mittee has restored the sharp personnel fund cuts imposed by the House on the Housing and Home Finance Agency and the Public Housing Administration. The Senate unit’s action would save the jobs of several thousand housing agenqy employes who would be fired if the House cuts prevailed. The issue will have to be threshed out in House- Sen ate conference. ** * * RETIREMENT The Senate Appropriations Subcommittee j upheld the House in refusing to allot the Government’s payment this year to the civil service re tirement system. The Senate group acted after Chairman Philip Young of the Civil Service Commission testi fied he had no objections to the House action. Mr. Young ex plained that enough money was available for the funds pending the report and recommendations to be made later this year by the special committee appointed by Congress to study the civil serv ice retirement system. The group is expected to come up with pro posals for financing the civil service pension system, as well as recommendations for new bene fits. The Senate unit upheld House action in providing funds to pay for the increased pensions voted last year by Congress for Gov j ernment employes already re ! tired. j * • • CSC The Senate unit also I voted the Civil Service Commis i sion $2 million more than the J House allotted for its examin- I ing and placement program and I its investigation system. The CSC, asked for the money to help find jobs for displaced Federal career wrokers and to Insure a stronger inspection system of the various agencies’ personnel practices. ** * * NACA—The Senate unit trim med several million dollars from the money given the National Advisory Committee for Aero nautics by the House to hire ad ditional personnel. (Listen to the radio version of the Federal Spotlight each Saturday at 7:30 p.m. over WMAL>. rj! Jpiil / Serial I?’’ 2lfc*2 2 i \ A REGULAR $2.40 VALUE! J j \ Fresh-parked Assortment With / f Sperial Mother's Day Wrap A delicious selection of Fannie May's finest candies—with lots of Mother's favorite soft centers—including our famous butter creams. Cardinal Recovering VATICAN CITY, May 8 f/P) Valerio Cardinal Valeri, 69, rose from his bed yesterday for the first time since he became Seri ously ill three weeks ago. He suffered an attack of pneumonia and at one time fears were ex pressed for his life. Sandy Spring Drama The senior class at Sherwood High School. Sandy Spring. Md., will present a play. “Here She Comes,” at 8 o'clock tonight in the school gymnasium.