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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 25, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Fair tonight, lowest about 66 degrees. To
morrow, fair and warmer. (Full report
on Page A-2.)
Midnight 67 6 a.m... 65 11 a.m.-. 74
2a.rn.__64 8 a.m.__ 66 Noon ... 75
4 a.m.._ 65 10 a.m... 70 1 p.m... 76
An Associated Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 145. Phone ST. 3-5000 *★ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MAY 25, 1953—FORTY-FOUR PAGES.
Nation's First
A-Shell Fired
On Nevada Flat
Brilliant Flash
Seen in Las Vegas
75 Miles Away
By the As»ociat*d Press
LAS VEGAS. Nev., May 25.
The Army fired the Nation’s first
atomic shell today from a huge
cannon dubbed “Atomic Annie.”
It burst with a brilliant flash
over a simulated enemy target.
The shot, fired from the 280-
millimeter cannon on French
man Flat, came at 8:30 a.m.
(11:30 a.m. EDT).
Within five minutes the cus
tomary atomic cloud formed,
visible in this resort-gambling
town 75 miles away. It developed
a lazy S form and appeared to
have an ice cap.
Sunlight glinted on the white
top of the cloud. Its wispy
stem led down to a purple base.
Cloud Rises Swiftly.
The cloud rose swiftly and
seemed to be traveling fast. It
did not have the true mushroom
shape so familiar in previous
nuclear tests.
An intensely trained crew of
nine men of the 52d Field Artil
lery Group. Fort Sill. Okla.,
loaded the atomic gun, then re
tired to a safe distance for the
firing, by remote control from
the control point 10 miles away.
The Atomic Energy Commis
sion, confirming in its usual an
nouncement of a test that it was
an atomic shell, said the dis
tance from gun to target was
between six and seven miles.
Approximately 50 aircraft par
ticipated in the test, including
12 B-36s from the Strategic Air
Command's Carswell Base, Fort
Worth, Tex. These were for crew
indoctrination purposes.
National Leaders on Hand.
National leaders witnessing
the test include Defense Secre
tary Charles E. Wilson, Admiral
Arthur W. Radford, nominee for
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, and Gen. J. Lawton Col
lins, Army Chief of Staff.
Thomas E. Murray, member of
the AEC, was present.
Nearly 100 Congressmen, in
cluding Representative Cole, Re
publican of New York, chair
man of the Joint Atomic En
ergy Committee, were assigned
positions several miles behind
the trenches where 2,525 troops
and 575 military observers were
stationed
A scheduled flight for pene
tration of the atomic cloud by
two Air Force QF-80 drone
planes was canceled because sur
face winds at nearby Indian
Springs Air Force Base would
have made unmanned takeoffs
hazardous.
There was no apparent shock i
wave felt in Las Vegas.
Police Chief Sherman Lamb
of St. George, Utah, said he saw
and felt nothing. St. George last
week got a substantial dose of I
atomic radiation from a test, re- I
quiring virtual closing down of
the town for three hours.
Typical Installation.
The target area today repre
sented a typical enemy back-of
the-lines installation. In a grove
of 50 trees, which survived the
May 7 atomic blast, stood a 45-
ton diesel locomotive, 15 boxcars,
tanks, planes, guns and several
types of military housing, from
fortifications to tents. Various
types of Army clothing also were
subjected, as were rabbits, mice
and pigs in pens.
Atomic Annie’s sister, 280-mm
gun from Fort Sill, was stationed
about 200 feet away, ready in
case of emergency.
A Defense Deparment spokes
man indicated the Army had
little worry about a possible
breach burst—explosion within
the gun chamber—that could
conceivably destroy both guns.
The gun crew, headed by Col.
Devere Armstrong of Gladwin,
Mich., was to retire to trenches
“at a safe distance” after load
ing the gun.
Both guns were tested during
the last week in 12 rounds of fir
ing with conventional ammuni
tion. Conventional shells for the
11-inch diameter gun weigh 800
pounds; atomic shells are be
lieved to weigh about 1,000
pounds.
The firing angle of the gun was
understood to be about 15 to 20
degrees. Its maximum range, ob -
tained at an angle of about 45
degrees, is 20 miles.
Pakistan Wheat Loan
Favored by Officials
President Eisenhower and
Congressional leaders agreed to
day to support legislation to lend
Packistan one million tons of
wheat to ease the food short
age in that country.
The plan was announced by
House Speaker Martin after
Congressional leaders had held
their weekly session with Gen.
Eisenhower.
The terms of the loan still
have to be worked out. but Mr.
Martin said necessary legislation
will be introduced this week.
He pointed out the loan would
enable this country to get rid
of some of its surplus wheat
and at the same time help a
people who have been "loyal
and faithful” to the United
States. The loan would be re*
paid In cash.
Hi MoBB y, \
■hhhhl' " m
|r ’1
HL*. *ty yH If
'Hi
CORDIALITY BEFORE VIOLENCE—Tokyo.—In a scene that
was quite different from the treatment she received today,
Mrs. Roosevelt accepts a bouquet from Misao Sugimura on her
arrival Saturday to begin a five-week visit at the invitation of
the Japan Committee for Intellectual Interchange. Today
she was dragged from her auto after refusing an interview
with a group of Communist women. —AP Wirephoto.
Korean Truce Talks
Reopen in Secrecy,
Then Recess Again
Delay to June 1 Seems
Intended to Let Reds
Make Big Decision
sty the Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, May 25.—Ko
rean truce parleys resumed today
amid tight secrecy and then re
cessed until June I—apparently
because top-level decision on the
critical prisoner exchange issue
is needed.
Presumably the United Na
tions Command presented a new
Reds Battered by the New Jersey's
16-Inch Guns. Page A-2
Allied Troops Halt Dozen Red Probes,
Make 25 of Own. Page A-2
proposal at the outset of today's
session, which ended an eight
day, allied-requested recess.
The South Korean truce dele
gate, Maj. Gen. Choi Duk Shin,
did not attend the session.
A reliable South Korean source
said he refused to go because
he could not accept part of the
new proposal, but an allied
spokesman said Gen. Choi was on
the telephone and missed the
helicopter from allied head
quarters at Munsan.
It was the first time a South
Korean truce delegate has missed
a session.
May Concede Point.
The South Korean government
has spoken out sharply against
any agreement that doesn't unify
North and South Korea and
against letting a neutral commis
sion take charge of North Korean
prisoners who refuse to return to
Communism.
The last allied proposal made
public would have freed the Ko
rean prisoners immediately af
ter an armistice, but the Reds
objected. There has been specu
lation the allies would concede
this point in the new proposal.
As the negotiations were in
session, Gen. Mark Clark. U. N.
Far East commander, met with
South Korean President Syng
man Rhee in Seoul. There was
no announcement from their
two-hour meeting.
The truce meeting itself was a
secrecy-veiled affair.
News Blackout Ordered.
U. N. interpreters could be
seen through the windows of the
crude conference hut apparently
reading a long statement.
Washington sources had said a
possible new approach would be
offered on the last major barrier
to an armistice—what to do
about 48,500 Communist prison
ers refusing to return to Red
rule. #
There was no inkling as to
whether such a plan had been
offered but—if so—the Commu
nist delegation probably would
have asked a long recess to refer
the matter to higher authority.
Communist correspond e n ts,
after talking to members of their
delegation, said the allies had
requested a news blackout on the
session A similar blackout was
imposed in April. 1952. in an
effort to iron out differences on
the prisoner exchange issue.
Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison,
senior allied delegate, did not
hold his usual press conference
after the meeting. He turned
aside all questions with “no com- j
ment.’’
There was speculation before ;
the Meeting that the U. N. com- j
mand would make a “now or j
never” effort to break the truce |
deadlock. i
W\t timing Sfof
Snyder Helped Block
Tax Case Decision,
House ijroup Told
Liquor Firm Official's
Plea Had Been Denied
'All Along the Line'
By the Associated Press
House investigators were told
today the Internal Revenue Bu
reau reversed its own specialists
and gave a favorable tax ruling
to a liquor industry official after
former Secretary of the Treasury
Snyder personally intervened.
Mr. Snyder was quoted as
calling Charles Oliphant, former
I counsel for the tax service, and
telling him former Defense Sec
retary Louis Johnson was “in
terested in this thing—if there’s
anything we can do, let’s try to
help them out.”
i .The case involved a ruling
whether any profits in a stock
; deal should be considered taxable
income. The arrangement called
j for John L. Leban, a vice presi
-1 dent of Schenley Industries, to
buy 20,000 shares of stock from
the firm at 526.50 a share over
20 years for a total of $530,000.
Testimony was that Mr. Leban
j asked the Revenue Bureau in
1950 to rule that if the market
value of the stock exceeded
$26.50 at the time he actually
acquired it, his profit would not
be considered taxable income.
Katherine Nalley of the Rev
enue Bureau’s ruling branch,
and Sylvan Tobolowsky, assist
ant head of the Interpretative
Division in the bureaus Gen
eral Counsel’s office, testified
that the requested ruling was 1
denied by technical specialists
“all along the line.”
They appeared before a Ways
and Means subcommittee near
ing the end of a two-year in
vestigation of political influence
in the tax service. Chairman
Kean of New Jersey, said today's
case was brought out to “call to
the attention of the public cer
tain cases in which officials of
the Treasury Department ex
erted undue influence on ordi
nary working of the bureau.”
Wu Flying to U. S.
TAIPEH. Formosa. May 25 </P).
—K. C. Wu, minister without
portfolio in the Chinese Nation
alist cabinet, left by plane today
for a six-month stay in the
United States. He will lecture
at several American universities
and publish his memoirs.
Bridge 70 Years Old
NEW YORK. May 25 (JP)._
j The 70th birthday of the Brook
lyn Bridge—opened May 24,
‘ 1883—was celebrated yesterday.
A bronze plaque was unveiled.
Arms Abandoned After War Go to War Again
NEW YORK. May 25 <NANA>.
—Half the tanks, artillery and
infantry weapons and two-thirds
of the wheeled vehicles used by
the United Nations forces in Ko
rea have been salvaged from
scrap piles and reconditioned,
according to Steelways, the mag
azine of the American Iron and
Steel Institute.
“Operation Scrounge.” one of
the unofficial names for the op
eration, came into existence in
1948. when huge cutbacks in
military spending left our four
occupation divisions in Japan
with far less than their mini
mum authorized equipment.
Scattered over the islands of
the Pacific was billions of dol
lars’ worth of equipment left
there at the end of World War
II to rot and rust because it
was too expensive to ship home
and because we had no need for
it in a world at peace.
Mrs. Roosevelt
Dragged From
Auto in Tokyo
Rescued Uninjured
From Group of 20
Communist Women
By the Associoted Press
TOKYO. May 25. —Twenty
Japanese women waving Com
munist banners today man
handled Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt
in downtown Tokyo when she re
fused them an interview, the
newspaper Yomiuri reported.
The newspaper said the wife
of the late President was res
cued by Japanese guards and
was uninjured. Mrs. Roosevelt
was not immediately available
for comment.
Mrs. Roosevelt, now on a tour
of Japan, was dragged from an
automobile outside the Labor
Ministry building.
The newspaper said that when
| Mrs. Roosevelt's automobile
; pulled up m front of the build
| ing, the women, led by an
i American-born wife of a Japa
nese, clamored for an interview.
Guard Slapped in Face.
When Mrs. Roosevelt refused,
the women pulled her from the
car, the newspaper reported, but
guards stopped them before they
could harm Mrs. Roosevelt. One
guard was slapped in the face.
Yomiuri said.
The ringleader of the group
was identified by the newspaper
as a Mrs. Fujikawa. 41, born in
the United States, who came to
Japan before the war.
The newspaper identified Mrs.
Fujikawa as a member of the
Communist Party.
Urged to “Go Back Home.”
It said that when Mrs. Roose
velt refused an interview, the
women first shouted “go back
home.”
Yomiuri said Mrs. Fujikawa
| was active in last year’s anti-
American riots on May Day.
(Files show that an Ameri
can-born woman, Mrs. Hannah
Reichenberg Fujikawa, a na
tive of New York City, took
i part in the May Day riots.) ""
Mrs. Roosevelt arrived in Ja
pan earlier this month for a
series of lectures.
Reds Blamed
For Stymying
Austria Treaty
By Garnett D. Horner
The State Department said to
day Russia's attitude “leaves lit
tle hope” for agreement on an
Austrian treaty in the immediate
future.
This was the conculsion of a
16-page review of Austrian peace
j treaty negotiations over the last
seven years, published by the de
partment just two days before a
new effort to reach agreement
| begins in London.
! The United States considers
this issue one of the major tests
of the sincerity of peace talk of
the Soviet’s new leaders.
Broken Pledges Charged.
The department declared that j
Soviet determination to “stymie” I
an Austrian treaty has become i
increasingly apparent during the !
last seven years.
It described the negotiations
as a “story of broken pledges”
which “can be a lesson for those
who still trust the Soviet word.”
The department’s pamphlet
emphasized that a 1943 pledge in
which Russia joined the major
powers for a “free and inde
pendent Austria” is still binding
and must be the basis of any
treaty finally concluded with
Austria.
“Liberation” Urged.
It declared that Austria, a
country liberated from the Nazis
after World War 11. now “asks!
to be liberated from her ‘liber- j
ators.’ ”
Deputies of the Big Four for
eign ministers meet in London j
Wednesday to resume negotia
tions. The department pamphlet
reviewed how Russia has dead
locked the negotiations so far
by quibbling and introducing
extraneous issues.
By 1948, engines wouldn’t run,
tires had fallen apart, and the
cloth had rotted away. But un
derneath the corroded and moss
grown exteriors there was still
plenty f good hard steel. Sal
vage teams were dispatched to
all the islands on which equip
ment had been left.
As a result of the salvage oper
ations, freighters were loaded
with tons of rifles, howitzers,
trucks, tanks, radios, jeeps and
X-ray machines. These were
sent to Tokyo and Yokohama
where production workers from
the States, troops who had taken
courses in management, classifi
cation and supply control, and
hundreds of Japanese civilians
took over.
In June, 1950, when the North
Korean army swarmed across the
38th parallel in heavy tanks, they
were met by U. N. forces in light
tanks. By September the U. N.
sTo? t* . nimmrn
music / l 1 *//m
Martin Voices Strong Hopes
On Extension of Profits Tax
Wants House Committee "to See Light'
When Hearings Are Started on June 1
By Joseph A. Fox
House Speaker Majj,in said to
day he had “strong hopes” the
House will pass the administra
tion bill to extend the excess
profits tax.
Talking to reporters after Con
gressional leaders held their
weekly meeting with President
Eisenhower, Mr. Martin described
the tax bill as “kind of a must.”
He added that he hoped a major
ity of the House Ways and Means
Committee which is handling the
legislation will “see the light”
when hearings start June 1.
“Our job is to get it to the
floor,” said the speaker.
The measure would extend the
excess profits tax for six months
after June 30, the present cut
off date.
Chairman Reed of the House
Ways and Means Committee op
poses the bill. He also wants to
put a 10 per cent income tax
cut in effect June 30 instead of
waiting until the cutoff date
December 31. Mr. Martin said
Congress is still aiming at July
31 as the latest date for ad
journment.
He said no consideration had
been given to recessing in July
and then coming back later in
the year. Mr. Martin, however.
Wardman Park and Carlton
Control Bought for $2 Million
Controlling interest in the
Wardman Park and Carlton ho
' tels has been sold to the Shera
ton Corp. of America for ap
, proximately $2 million.
The Sheraton firm, which op
erates 30 hotels in 24 cities,
Picture on Page A-6
i bought 51 per cent of the stock
!in Washington Properties, Inc.,
| which had owned the two hotels
since 1932.
The new owners also indicated
strongly that the Wardman
Park will become known as the
Sheraton Park, and that there
may be a change later in the
name of the Carlton.
Ernest Henderson, president
of the Sheraton firm, said at a
press conference today that
Sheraton's national policy of
non-segregation probably will be
followed at the Wardman Park
and the Carlton under the new
ownership.
$4 Million Mortgage.
! Robert L. Moore, vice presi
dent of Sheraton, said that about
half the estimated value, $5,500,-
000 would be a close figure for
i the purchase price.
This was interpreted as $4.25
million, or half the assessed
value. Later, it was pointed out
that there is a $4 million mort
gage on the property. This would j
bring the purchase price to ap-
forces were pinned down in the
Southeast corner of Korea, out
manned and outgunned. Then
the American Bth Army broke
out, led by medium tanks and
firing tank-stopping bazookas.
The equipment had not come di
rect from the United States and
could hardly be called new. It
was the spawn of “Operation
Scrounge.”
For the rest of 1950 and all of
1951 “Operation Scrounge” pro
vided the U. N. forces in Korea
with 84 per cent of their general
purpose vehicles, 38 per cent of
their artillery, 70 per cent of
their infantry weapons. Today
it’s still going strong, and dam
aged equipment is returned to
Japan and restored or cannibal
ized for parts. Former Secretary
of the Army Frank Pace esti
mated that the operation saved
the American taxpayer more
than $1 billion.
pointed out that Congress has
been lagging and there is still
much to be done. There is the
one-year extension of the Re
ciprocal Trade Act, he pointed
out. which is sought by the ad
ministration and opposed by
some Republicans.
The Mutual Security Act and
legislation to give the Federal
Government control of sub
merged oil lands on the con
tinental shelf are etnet items to
be handled.
Speaker Martin said the pro
posed amendmert to the Tafi-
Hartley Act did not figure in
today’s meeting. Senator Know
land, Republican, of Caiitornia,
chairman of the G O P. Policy
Committee, expressed the view
that the longstymied Hawaiian
statehood bill can be gotten out
of the Senate Interior Commit
tee once the new tidelands oil
bill is disposed of.
Congressional leaders said the
proposed Big Three conference
came up “ just incidentally” at
today's session but those who
conferred with the President
agreed that it was a construc
tive move.
Senator Taft of Ohio, the Sen
ate Republican leader, was ab
sent from today’s meeting, having
gone to his home in Cincinnati.
proximately $2 million or be
tween $lB5 and $l9O a share.
Apartment House Involved.
The Sheraton company al
| ready owned 4 per cent of the
| stock in Washington Properties,
i Inc., and the new purchase
brings its controlling interest to
j 55 per cent. The deal also in
| volves control of an apartment
house at 2700 Connecticut ave
nue N.W., near the Wardman
: Park, and an office building at
! 1001 Vermont avenue N.W.
The firm now ow’ns an office
building at 711 Fourteenth street
N.W., which it purchased last
year and renamed the Sheraton
Building.
Mr. Henderson said the new
owners plan to install free radio
and television in all transient
rooms in both hotels, a standing
policy in other Sheraton hotels, j
Full details of a
renovation program for the
Wardman Park were not re
vealed, but Mr. Henderson said
the plans include construction
of a 1,500-capacity dining room
as an adjunct to the present
building.
Stockholders to Meet.
He said the firm's interior
decorator, Mrs. Mary M. Ken
nedy, will take a look at both
hotels and that any recommenda
tions she makes for remodeling j
or refurnishing will be followed.
Mr. Henderson said the pur- j
chase involved all of the hold
ings of the Halsey Stuart Co.
of New York and the Strauss
Co., a San Francisco investment
firm, and four-fifths of the hold
ings of Robert D. Sterling, a real
estate securities investor of
New York.
A directors' meeting will be
held at the Wardman Park at
10:30 a.m. tomorrow. Mr. Hen
derson said it is expected that
sufficient new directors will be
added to Washington Properties,
Inc., to give Sheraton control.
Frank E. Weakly is expected to
remain as president of Washing
ton Properties, which becomes a
(See HOTELS, Page A-6.)
Taft Act Meeting Delayed
The Senate Labor Committee
was unable to muster a quorum
today in a meeting billed as the
start of serious work to rewrite
the Taft-Hartley law. Chairman
Smith of New Jersey called an- i
other meeting for June 30. l|
Home Delivery. Monthly Rates, Evening and Sunday, $1.75; m /'■vrsxTmo
Evenings only. SI.3U; Sunday only. 65c; Night Final. 10c Additional. ® J O
Democrats Dared
By Millikin to Make
Issue of Air Cuts
I
Senator Predicts People
Will Support President's
Military Judgment
By th* Associoted Press
Senator Millikin, Republican,
of Colorado, dared the Demo
crats to make a political issue
of proposed Air Force money
cuts with the assertion today
that he believes the country will
back President Eisenhower’s
military judgment.
Senator Millikin. Chairman of
the conference of Republican
Senators, said critics of a plan
ned $5 billion cutback in Air
Force appropriations requests
are giving a false impression
that this would reduce United
States air strength.
“I believe the country will sup
port the judgment of the Presi
dent as to our proper air
strength.” Senator Millikin said
in an interview.
Gen. Eisenhower has asked
$11,668,000,000 for the fiscal year
beginning July 1 in a program
to build air force strength to
120 wings by mid-1955. The
budget of former President Tru-!
man called for $16,788,000,000
next year and 143 wings by mid
-1955.
Plans for Cut Explained.
Sen. Millikin noted the pro
posed reduction does not affect
money to be spent immediately
in building up what Secretary |
of Defense Wilson has said will
be a 30 per cent increase in air
strength.
In the overall picture of world
defense, G. O. P. sources de
scribed the Eisenhower adminis
tration as “desperately anxious” i
for a truce in Korea. An influ- !
ential Republican in Congress,
declining to be identified, said
the administration’s domestic
popularity may hang in the bal
ance at Panmunjom, where truce
talks are resuming.
Senator Johnson of Texas, the
Democratic leader, jumped into
the fray yesterday with a state
ment that he sees nothing in
the world situation to “justify
a slowdown or a stretchout of
our preparedness program.”
He added in a broadcast to
Texas radio stations:
“If these reductions are put
into effect, we can only hope and
pray that no mistake has been
made, hope and. . that no
enemy will stßike-—that we will
be in a position to defend our
selves if any enemy should
strike.”
Others Back Johnson.
Backing up Senator Johnson’s
statements were such Democratic
Senators as Hunt of Wyoming,
Jackson of Washington and
Holland of Florida.
Senator Jackson, interviewed i
yesterday on a CBS television I
show, said he thought Secretary
of Defense Wilson should resign.
He said: “I’m begining to think
more and more that he ought
to be making automobiles rather
than airplanes.”
Trans-Polar Plane Ends
Oslo-to-Tokyo Flight
By the Auociatea Preu
TOKYO. May 25.—A Scandi
navian Airlines plane landed at
Tokyo International Airport to
night. completing the first com
mercial flight from Europe to the
Orient via the North Pole region.
Carrying 41 passengers and 11
crewmen, the DC-6B touched
down at 11 p.m. <lO a.m. EDT),
after a 12-hour flight from tiny |
Shemya Island at the end of
the Aleutians.
The plane was in the air 37
hours on its flight from Oslo,
Norway. It left Oslo Saturday
morning and stopped in Thule,
Greenland, and Anchorage, 1
Alaska. i
The polar route covered 6.683 I
miles, about 3.000 less than con- ' I
ventional routes.
Today:
From Lilibet to Queen
A Revealing Series
Begin It on Page A-6
New York Markets, Pages A-22-23
Supreme Court
Again Rejects
Rosenberg Plea
Publisher Is Upheld
On Combination Ads
In Times-Picayune
BULLETIN
The Supreme Court today
refused for the third time to
review the death-sentence
convictions of Julius and
Ethel Rosenberg on charges of
giving atomic secrets to
Russia.
By RoberHC Wolsh
The Supreme Court ruled to
day that the New Orleans Times-
Picayune Publishing Co. is with
in its legal rights in requiring
advertisers to buy space in both
j its morning and afternoon news
papers at a combination rate.
The 5-to-4 decision held that
the Government, in a civil suit
; against the company, failed to
! prove that the combination con
tracts banning insertion sepa
rately in the morning or after
noon papers violated the anti
trust law.
The decision also held that the
publishing company did not at
tempt to monopolize the adver
tising market in the New Or
leans area.
| The opinion, written by Jus
i tice Clark, limited the decision
! to circumstances of the particu
! lar case involving the company
: which publishes the morning
Times-Picayune and the after
noon New Orleans States. Tha
company, in its original appeal to
the Supreme Court, declared
that more than 180 newspaper
j publishers throughout the United
, States used somewhat similar
: unit combination advertising
rates for their morning and eve
ning papers.
Violations Not Established.
But Justice Clark stated:
“We conclude that the record
| in this case does not establish
; the charged violations of the
Sherman Act. We do not de
termine that unit advertising
arrangements are lawful in oth
er circumstances or in other pro
ceedings. Our decision adjudi
cates solely that this record can
not substantiate the Govern
ment’s view of this case.”
Justice Burton wrote a dis
senting opinion in which Jus
tices Black, Douglas and Min
ton joined. The dissent agreed
| with Federal Judge Herbert
| Christenberry, who held in Fed
eral Court in New Orleans last
year that the combination rat®
advertising sales policy of th®
Times-Picayune Publishing Co.
violated the anti-trust act.
Monopoly Unfounded.
! “The complaint is,” Justice
Burton wrote, “that the Times-
Picayune enjoys a distinct, con
ceded and complete monopoly 6f
access to the morning news
paper readers in the New Or
leans area and that It uses
that monopoly to restrain un
reasonably the competition be
tween its evening newspaper.
The New Orleans States, and
the independent New Orleans
; Item, in the competitive field of
evening newspaper advertising.”
Justice Clark, in the majority
opinion, conceded that tie-in ad-
I vertising rate arrangements
could flout the anti-trust law.
He declared, however, that the
Times-Picayune company was
not shown to occupy a domi
nant position in the newspaper
advertising market in New Or
leans.
Dutch Airliner Crashes
In Amsterdam Takeoff
By th* Associated Pratt
AMSTERDAM, May 25. A
Convair of the Paris line of the
Dutch Airlines crashed near
Schiphol Airport today. The
number of passengers involved
was not immediately known.
The Convair, apparently un
able to get off the ground,
crashed into trees and gates near
the airport boundary. There was
no fire.
New Truce Proposal
Outlined by Lawrence
U. N. TRUCE PROPOSAL—In ut
most secrecy, our side hos presented
the Reds at Ponmunjom with o new
proposal designed to break the dead
lock in negotiations to end tha
Korean war Columnist David Law
rence reveals the broad outline of tha
U. N.'s compromise offer. Page A-13.
THE ACE MIG KILLERS ARE
HERE—The Notion's fop jet fighter
oces, Copts. Manuel Fernandez and
Joseph McConnell, jr., just back from
the Korean front, are in Washington
today. In on interview with Star
Staff Reporter Joseph B. Byrnes, thay
tell how they feel obout it. Page B-l.
B-l.
JEWELS FOR AT QUEEN—Hew
would you like to go to your jewelry
box and pick out the largest cut
diamond in the world or a strond of
46 perfectly matched pearls? Eliza
beth II can do that any time. For
more obout Her Majesty's fabulous
gems, see the latest in Media
McGee's series on the Queen on
Page B-5.
Guide for Readers
Amusements.. B-B'Lost, Found A-I
Classified. B-10-16 Obituary ... A-14
Comics... 1-18-19 Radio-TV 8-17
Editorial .... A-12 Sports . A-18-20
Edit'l Articles A-13 Woman's
Finonciol A-22 23, Section B-3-#

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