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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 26, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Some cloudiness tonight, low about 65.
Tomorrow, fair, cooler and less humid.
(Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 69 6 a.m. ..65 11a.m. ..69
2a.m. ..67 Ba.m. ..65 Noon 74
4 a.m. ..67 10 a.m. ..67 Ip.m. ..77
An Associoted Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 146. Phone ST. 3-5000 SS ** WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 26, 1953—FIFTY-TWO PAGES.
U.S. Expels
For Trying
To Spy by
Envoy Offered
To Free Boys
For Co-operation
By Garnett D. Horner
The State Department today
ordered the expulsion of a
Romanian diplomat for trying to
blackmail a standard Oil official
—a naturalized American citi
zen—into spying for the Com
The price offered in the at
tempted deal was the welfare of
the expert’s two teen-age sons
in Romania.
The diplomat involved is Cris
tache Zambeti. first secretary of
the Romanian Legation, who
came here in September, 1951.
The department ordered his “im
mediate departure’’ from the
Valeriu C. Georgescu, a natur
alized American citizen of Ro
mania descent living in New
York, was the intended victim of
the blackmail attempt.
Case Reported to FBI.
He promptly reported the
affair to the State Department
and the FBI, hoping that world
publicity focused on the case
might help to save his two sons.
It was understood that Mr.
Zambeti showed Mr. Georgescu
pictures of the two boys in Ro
mania. Mr. Zambeti was said to
have told the father that he
might see them again if he col
laborated with the Communist
regime in Romania.
Mr. Georgescu formerly was
general manager in Romania of
Romano Americano, a subsidiary
of the Standard Oil Co. of New
Jersey. The oil properties were
taken over by the Romanian gov
ernment after the war while Mr.
Georgescu was outside Romania.
He and his wife have been in
this country since 1946. But his
sons have been refused permis
sion by the Communist regime in
Romania to leave the country.
Says Charges Were Verified.
The State Department said its
expulsion order against Mr.
Zambeti was based on “carefully
verified information” which
showed that on May 20, he called
at Mr. Georgescu’s home “and
attempted to subvert Mr.
Georgescu to collaborate polit
ically with the Communist re
gime of Romania to the detriment
of the United States Govern
Asked if "collaborate” meant
spying for the Communists, a
department spokesman said he
thought that was implicit in
everything said. “What else
could it be?” he remarked.
“The price offered for this
collaboration.” the department’s
formal announcement said, “was
to be the welfare of Mr.
Georgescu’s minor sons and their
possible restoration to their
The Georgescu sons are Con
stantin, 19, and Peter, 14. They
were born in Romania and are
reported held in some sort of
concentration camp.
Sons Face Barriers.
Officials said there was little
the United States could do for
mally to try to get the Georgescu
sons out of Romania because
they are Romanian citizens. They
were born before their parents
became naturalized American
The fact that they are chil
dren of American citizens would
give them preferential status for
immigration, however, and visas
permitting them to come to this
country would be ready any time
the Romanian government per
mitted them to leave.
Lincoln White, State Depart
ment press officer, was asked if
any investigation was being made
to find out if Mr. Zambeti or
other officials of the Romanian
legation had attempted to sub
vert other American citizens be
sides Mr. Georgescu. He replied
that there might well be such an
investigation, but it had not been
brought to his attention.
Text of Note Disclosed.
The State Department made
public the text of a note deliv
ered to the Romanian Legation
(See EXPULSION, Page A-3.)
Israel Slaying Laid to Arabs
TEL AVIV, Israel, May 26 (/P).
—An Israeli military spokesman
charged today that Arab infil
trators from Jordan killed a
Jewish woman and injured two
other women and three children
in attacks yesterday on three
Israeli villages. Israel protested
to the United Nations Mixed
Armistice Commission.
Holiday Food Ads
In The Star Tomorrow
In observance of Memorial Day
many Washington area food stores
will be closed this Saturday. For this
reason the majority of the food ad
vertisers plan to schedule their heavy
concentration of ods in The Star for
Wednesday instead of Thursday.
Be sure to shop the ads in The
Star tomorrow for holiday week-end
food bargains.
Romanian Diplomat
to Force American
Threatening 2 Sons
It Ml 3B
iff -
V Hr m
M Iky ik
* 4H S' A H
Valeriu C. Georgescu, Peter (left) and Constantin, are shown
in this 8-year-old photograph which Mr. Georgescu brought
with him to the United States. The Standard Oil official was
told he might see his boys, now 14 and 19, if he would spy on
this country for the Reds.
Diplomat Accused of Blackmail
New Allied Proposal
Reported Jo Leave
POWs' Fate to U. N.
By the Associated Press
SEOUL, May 26. Authorita
tive South Korean sources today
revealed that the secret new
allied truce plan would give the
United Nations General Assem
bly the final say in determining
the fate of war prisoners who re
fuse to return to their Red home
The informants said the pro
posal handed to the Communists
12 MIGs Shot Down in One Day, Fight
ing on Ground Dwindles. Page A-5
yesterday at Panmunjom was
clearly unacceptable to South
Korea. One government official
called it "nothing but an allied
defeat by the Communists.”
The proposal also incorporates
some features of previous plans
offered by both the Reds and
allies, said the sources, who
would not allow use of their
The U. N. Command—wnich
reportedly requested the news
blackout on yesterday’s truce
session—would not comment on
the plan. It even refused to ac
knowledge the offer was made.
Seen as Bait for Red China.
Some observers in Tokyo said
the allied proposal possibly is
being used as tempting bait to
Red China, which has long
wanted to get into the U.N.
By accepting the plan, they
said, it would give Red China
a toehold in the General Assem
bly—through the back door.
Communist Peiping radio for
(See TRUCE, Page A-5.)
Secret Truce Plan
Not Published by
Stars and Stripes
By tha Associated Prats
TOKYO, May 26.—Pacific
Stars and Stripes, unofficial
publication of the Far East
Command, did not publish
today the Associated Press
story giving details of the
secret United Nations truce
plan divulged by reliable
South Korean sources.
The U. N. command re
fused to comment on the
A. P. story which quoted the
sources as saying the allies
offered at a secret truce ses
sion to turn over to the U. N.
General Assembly the final
disposition of prisoners who
refused repatriation.
W)t Sbetutta ikf
- * «| liiii
' Told All to the FBI
New York Grand Jury
Probe of Water Front
Ordered by Brownell
By th* Associated Press
i Attorney General Brownell
today ordered a New York grand
jury investigation of waterfront
The Attorney General said he
has instructed United States At
j torney J. Edward Lumbard of
New York to present before a
'jury there the evidence which
150 FBI agents have been gath
ering for several months on
crime along the New York-New
Jersey waterfront.
Calls It “Shocking.”
Mr. Brownell said the water
front situation involved "shock
ing evils.”
Testimony before the New York
State Crime Commission devel
oped evidence of terror, murder
and collusion involving political,
labor union and shipping in
The FBI investigation was au
thorized by former Attorney Gen
eral James P. McGranery last
December. Mr. Brownell said
the probe “has become a major
project in the Department of
Check Federal Aspects.
The task of the New York jury
will be to determine if any viola
tion of Federal laws was involved
in the events described to Con
gress members and the New York
Much of the testimony related
to acts which would fall solely
; within State jurisdiction, but Mr.
Brownell’s announcement indi
cated that income taxes have
figured in the Federal investiga
tion. He said that “certain parts
of the situation have been in
quired into by the Bureau of
Internal Revenue and other
investigative units of the Treas
ury Department.”
The New York jury will con
vene June 9.,
Movie Receipts Drop
SIOB Million in Year
By tha Associated Pratt
HOLLYWOOD, May 26.—The
annual movie box office figures
announced today by the Film
Daily Yearbook show a SIOB mil
lion drop from those of the pre
vious year.
The trade paper yearbook
listed 1952 theater receipts of
$1,170,000,000 for 1952 as com
pared with 61,278,000,000 for
Television was listed as the
big competitive factor for de
clining receipts.
Oil Executive
Tells of Refusing
To Make Deal
By Crosby S. Noyes
“If you want to see your chil
dren, you have got to do some
thing about it.”
The time was last Wednesday.
The place was the New York
apartment of Valeriu Georgescu,
49, Romanian-born executive of
the Standard Oil Co. of New Jer
sey. The speaker was a stranger
who had called earlier to make
an appointment.
Today, Mr. Georgescu sat on a
sofa in his room at the Carlton
Hotel and told how it feels
when somebody asks you to be a
spy against the United States.
Especially when your two sons—
your only children—are used as
bait. Mr. Georgescu had recent
ly finished giving his statement
to the State Department and the
The telephone call had come in
at 8:40 that Wednesday morning,
he said.
"The stranger asked to see |
me and gave a name on the tele
phone that sounded like Cos
lapeter. I said I did not rec
ognize the name He said it did
not matter because he did not
know me personally.
Visit at Home Arranged.
“I asked him to come and
see me at the office. He re
plied that it was on a personal
matter and therefore he wished
to see me at home. He then
added that he had recently come
from Romania and that he was
bringing a letter from my sons.
“I said: ‘Please come right
away. I shall wait for you.’ He
said: T am only three minutes
away and will be right up’.”
There was good reason why
Mr. Georgescu should be anxious
to get a letter from his sons.
Since 1947, when he and hts wife
left Romania for what was ex
pected to be a two months trip
to the United States, he hadnot
seen his boys—Constantin, called
Costa, and Peter. At the time, j
he was head of Romanian affi
liate of Standard Oil. and he 1
had been called back to the i
United States for consultations j
with the company. The Com- i
munists moved in on the Roman- j
ian oil industry in his absence.!
At the end of his trip, Mr. i
Georgescu found that he could i
not return to Rumania. He
stayed in New York as the chief
Standard Oil executive for Mid
dle and Far Eastern production.
He became an American citizen
in last year.
Family Taken in Custody.
The children had been left
with Mr. Georgescu’s in-laws at
their home in Banat. From
friends, he had learned that the
father-in-law, Sever Bocu, had
been arrested in 1950. Soon aft
erwards, the rest of the family
was taken from their home to
an “evacuee camp” at Urziceni.
Since 1951, they had not been
permitted to write letters. The
only evidence Mr. Georgescu
had they were alive was from
signed receipts for money that
he sent them regularly. The
last receipt came back in March.
Since 1947, the Georgescus had
been trying everything to get
their children out of the coun
try. They had appealed direct
ly to the Communist govern
ment. They had tried the State
Department, the Red Cross, the
International Labor Organiza
tion, the Indian government,
the intercession of friends and
other “neutral organizations.”
All had failed.
Still, they kept their hopes.
“It seemed to us that in recent
months, things had developed in
the international picture that in
dicated a sort of softening of
relations. We had begun to hope
and pray that the time might
come when our children would
be returned to us.”
The stranger shattered these
illusions, soon after his arrival
in Mr. Gorgescu’s apartment last
“He came in after a few min
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 2.)
You'd Better Start Worrying
If You're Not Worrying Enough
CHICAGO, May 26. (CDN).—
Life too tough to take? Chuck
your load, you’re told. Relax.
Take it easy. Abandon your
goals. Forget your cares, is the
soothing advice.
There are indications, some
counselors are finding, that peo
ple take this balm too literally
too often.
As a result, they’re turning
into goldbrickers.
They’re divorcing themselves
from responsibilities, throwing
the burden on others, dodging
the struggle and rationalizing
their action by saying:
“It’s my nerves. I must keep
relaxed and worry free. Else I’ll
get sick.”
Dr. Leo Bartemeir, Detroit
psychiatrist, disagrees.
“Struggle, work and worry are
Letter From Dodge to Wilson
Told Him to Cut Arms to Save
Democrats Claim Order of Budget Director
Dictated $43.2 Billion Defense Expenditure
By Doris Fleeson
Democrats are in possession
of copies of a letter addressed
by Budget Director Joseph
Dodge to Secretary of Defense
Wilson May 7 which virtually
orders Mr. Wilson to slash de
fense expenditures so as to
achieve a balanced budget.
They believe it supports their
charge that desirable fiscal
Money Alone Doesn't Give Military
Security, Kyes Soys. Page A-2
goals instead of considerations
of national security dictated
the Wilson defense budget. The
letter reads:
“The report on your review
of the 1954 budget estimates
for your agency has been re
ceived and carefully considered
in relation to the administra
tion’s stated policies and budget
objectives. To meet these ob
jectives, the revisions in appro
priations set forth in summary
below and in detail in the in
closures will be necessary.
“You are expected to adjust
your recommendations accord
ingly and* present these revi
sions to the Appropriations
Air Force Cut Included.
Mr. Dodge’s revisions include
the $5.1-billion cut in the Air
Force which the Democrats will
fight to restore. Mr. Truman
had asked for $16.8 billion to
ward a goal of 143 air wings.
Mr. Wilson says his $11.7 bil
lion will buy 120 air wings for
Democrats have not had
time yet to study the Dodge
letter in detail. A curbstone
glance suggests, however, to
their experts that Mr. Wilson
complied to the decimal point
in most instances, if not in all.
Following his summaries, Mr.
Dodge wrote Mr, Wilson:
“The accomplishment of
these budget objectives will
require that you re-examine
your programs, their compo
nents and the priorities related
to them and reschedule your
operations so that the budget
expenditures for the military
from your agency will be held
to a level of about $43.2 billion
in the fiscal year 1954.”
Democrats thought that
sounded familiar. They dis
covered that on May 11, Sec
retary Wilson told a House
Appropriations Subcommittee:
“I hope to keep actual mili
tary spending to $43.2 billion
in the next fiscal year.”
The Defense Secretary and
his first assistant, Deputy Sec
retary Kyes. have been having
a bad time in their attempts to
defend their budget before
both House and Senate com
mittees. At one point, it was
good for the average person,” he
said in an interview.
“The problems of life are very
real ones. They must be faced
up to. Tackling them helps in
achieving maturity of mind.”
Dr. Bartemeier, here to address
the Illinois State Medical Soci
ety, agreed that overambitious
ness—aiming too high—can lead
to frustration, but equally as bad
is contentment with limited
Dr. Bartemeier pointed out
that there is no magic that will
relieve any person from the
necessity to struggle, he points
Life is not easy. Each man’s
life is built up from his own
individual discipline, resolution
and desires.
America, he pointed out, was
built by persons who were will
ing to accept challenges.
suggested to Mr. Wilson that
he go back and get the answers
in writing from “some one who
Questioning Recalled.
Democrats now declare that
the Dodge letter shows why
Mr. Wilson had such a bad
time with his questioners. The
budget director, they insist,
should have been the defend
ing witness.
The fight to restore the Air
Force cut will be launched in
the House 'next week under
the leadership of Representa
tive Kilday of Texas, one of
the minority stalwarts of the
Armed Services Committee.
Democratic leaders are confi
dent they can rally an over
whelming number of their
members behind Mr. Kilday.
Since the House Republican
margin of control is about a
dozen votes no matter how
present vacancies are filled,
the majority can afford few
defections from their own
Clubwomen Given
Informal Greeting
By Mrs. Eisenhower
Mrs. Eisenhower dropped by
the General Federation of Wom
en’s Clubs convention at Con
stitution Hall today to give the
women an official “good morn
ing” from the White House.
“I just wanted to come over
and say good morning.” Mrs.
Eisenhower said. “I hope you
have a wonderful convention,
and it is my hope that some
of you will tour the White
Mrs. Eisenhower greeted about
1,500 delegates and members
wearing a black silk suit-dress
with green and red figures. On
her left shoulder was a white
The federation, representing
11 million members here and
abroad, had asked to be re
ceived at the White House, but
ran into a crowded schedule.
Mrs. Eisenhower, however, in re
sponse to their plea, promised
she would visit them at one of
their sessions this week.
Asks Return to Prayer.
Mrs. Oscar A. Ahlgren, pres
ident of the federation, in her
major address to the convention,
called for a return to prayer and
the old-fashioned home.
She asked each member to
write President Eisenhower a let
ter of commendation for opening
cabinet meetings with prayer,
attending church regularly and
depending upon Divine guidance
in national affairs. “Assure him
we are praying for his leader
ship.” she added.
Mrs. Ahlgren asked the women
to return to family prayer, grace
at meals and regular church at
tendance. There was applause
(See FEDERATION, Page A-4.)
Jim Hunkin Helps
Jim Hunkin Rescue
A Third Jim Hunkin
By th# Associated Prats
England, May 26.—Jim Hun
kin fell out of his rowboat
while fishing in the bay yes
Jim Hunkin, who was
standing on a nearby dock,
jumped in to save him.
Jim Hunkin came running
with a life preserver and
threw it to the two men in
the water. They made shore
The three Jim Hunkins
are not related.
Homo Delivery, Monthly lt»te». Evenlnr and Sunday. M.7.%: m ntT'Vrrrcv
Iveninta only, *1.30; Sunday only, «sc; Night Final. 10c Additional. ® 1 O
Woman, 83, Killed
In Northwest Fire
Blamed on Arson
House Owner, Facing
Eviction, Found With
Cuts on Neck, Chest
An elderly woman today lost
her life and a man was injured
in a fire which Fire Marshal
Raymond Roberts said had been
touched oil in four places.
The dead woman was Miss
Betty Brown, 83, found suffo
' Picture on Page A-13
cated in her bed on the first
floor of a three-story stone row
house at 1115 Massachusetts
avenue N.W.
Everett D. Green, 63, owner of
the place, was taken to Emer
gency Hospital with four cuts on
the neck and chest. Not seriously
injured, he was to be removed to
police headquarters for question
Police said he was found face
down in an inch or two of water
in the bathtub of his basement
apartment. He was clad in un
dershirt and trousers. A bloody
towel was found nearby.
Yesterday a deputy United
States marshal went to the
building, which Mr. Green at
tempted to operate as a rooming
house, though Miss Brown was
the only tenant.
Mr. Green w'as to have been
evicted, but on agreement of At
torney Herman Miller, represent
ing the plaintiff, he was permit
ted until today to try to raise the
necessary funds.
Mr. Green was unaware that
eviction had been postponed
again today because of the
threatening weather.
Denies Starting Fire.
Detective Sergt. A. D. Clarke
said Mr. Green’s injuries appar
ently were self-inflicted. Mr.
Green denied this, or that he had
set the fires. He said he had dis- |
covered the fire on the second
floor and went on dow'n to the
basement to “cool off."
Firemen were called at 7:41
a.m. and two minutes later the
firebox was pulled at Twelfth
and L streets N.W.
Sergt. Clarke quoted neighbors
as saying Mr. Green told them
he would “rather blow up the
place than to lose it for $700.”
Battalion Fire Chief A. N.
Wright said a next-door neigh
bor, Mrs. Lillian Ashburn, of 1113
Massachusetts avenue N.W., was
visited by Mr. Green last night.
“He told me he was having
trouble keeping the place and
wanted to borrow $700,” Mrs.
Ashburn was quoted. “He said
he would set the place on fire
or blow it up before he would
lose it.”
Mrs. Ashburn also recalled
hearing a “banging” next door
about midnight. Police found a
sledge hammer in the basement.
Found Unconscious.
When firemen entered the
place, they found Miss Brown
unconscious in her bed. Efforts
to revive her with a respirator
were given up at 8:10 a.m.
The investigation showed the
file had been set in two places
in the basement, one on the
second floor and another under
a stairway from the first to sec
ond floors. Marshal Roberts said.
Little piles of trash were found
at all four spots. An odor of
turpentine was detected on the
first floor.
The second floor fire was in a
dining room just back of the
bedroom where Miss Brown was
found. The bedroom was not
A plug on a l*2-inch gas line
leading into the basement had
been removed, police said. They
found a Stilson wrench on the
floor near the bathroom.
Damage to the building w r asj
slight, firemen extinguishing the i
blaze before it gained headway.:
Neighbors said Mr. Green and
Miss Brown were the only occu- j
pants and that Mr. Green had
lived there for about years. *
From Lilibet to Queen ■
How a Grandmother Helped
See Page A-19
New York Markets, Pages A-20-21
House Group
Acts to Drop
Leave Rider
Accumulated Time
Cut to 26 Days to
Win Backing on Floor
The House Civil Service Com
mittee today voted to repeal the
Thomas use-it-or-lose-it annual
leave law, but reduced the 60-day
accumulation maximum for Fed
eral employes to 26 days.
Committee members said the
leave accumulation maximum
50,000 Federal Jobs Dropped, 5,600
Here, Commission Soys. Page A-2n
was reduced because that was
the only condition by which
Congress would agree to repeal
the Thomas rider.
Meanwhile, the Senate today
is expected to approve a bill pro
viding for repeal of the Thomas
rider. The Senate measure,
however, does not reduce the
leave accumulation maximum.
Leave Limit Extended
The House committee's bill
would allow Federal employes to
use their 1952 annual leave by
January 2, 1954. This is a six
month extension over the terms
of the Thomas leave law, which
requires employes to use their
! 1952 leave by this June 30.
After the January 2, 1954,
date, under terms of the House
committee's bill, employes could
use their annual leave each year
unrestricted, subject only to the
leave accumulation maximum.
The committee’s 26-day leave
maximum total would not affect
present employes who have ac
. cumulated over that amount.
[ They could still carry this leave
from year to year. It would only
involve those employes who now
have less than 26 days of accum
. ulated leave. They could not
5 compile more than 26-day total
’ in the future.
Sponsored By Broyhill.
' The House bill repealing the
1 Thomas rider was sponsored by
r Representative Broyhill, Re
s publican, of Virginia. The com
mittee, however, amended it to
f reduce the leave accumulation
■ limit.
J The committee's bill also
3 maxes it easier for employes to
use their excess leave each year -
over the Christmas and New
» Year's holidays. Under the pres
r ent law, employes must use their
j. excess annual leave by the final
. day of the last pay period of
the year. This usually falls
around December 21 to 23, with
j the result that employes have to
„ 1 forfeit their leave or else draw
” | on their next year’s vacation
, time in order to take a holiday.
’ The committee's bill would
extend the leave year so that
j excess leave could be used over
this holiday period.
i ; Five Children Are Killed
\ In Fire in Wesl Virginia
» By tht Associated Press
i 26.—Five children, four of them
i j brothers and sisters, ranging in
age from 3 to 16. were trapped
on the second floor of a burning
j house in South Petersburg today
and burned to death.
I The fifth child was the cousin
, of the other four. There were 17
persons in all in the two-story
! frame house which burned to the
, ground. They were members of
, three families and all related.
The dead were Anglee Mon
i gold. 16. daughter of Mr. and
i Mrs. William Mongold; and four
! children of Mr. and Mrs. Foster
' George, Shirley Lee, 11; Caroline
. Sue, 8; Larry, 4, and Derry Al
■ vin, 3.
I Mrs. Mongold and Mrs. Fos
; ter are sisters, daughters of Mr.
. and Mrs. Floyd Harrison, who
\ | owned the house.
1 Mrs. Harrison, 54, was badly
. j burned and taken to a hospital
i in Cumberland, Md. Mrs. Mon
: gold also was treated for burns
1 at Veech's Clinic in Petersburg.
‘ Stevenson to See Ibn Saud
t DHAHRAN, Saudi Arabia. May
26 (A 5 ). —Adlai Stevenson flew to
the capital city of Riyadh
aboard a royal plane yesterday
; to meet King Ibn Saud of Saudi
1 Arabia. He was accompanied by
3 \ United States Ambassador Ray
■ | mond A. Hare and two aides.
— —...—
Happy Home-Making
• Is Instructor's Goal
I what Edythc M. Turner hat been
< doing for 30 years. For more about
the home demonstration agent and
her lessons in happy home-making,
see Violet Faulkner's story on Pogo
; I-1.
you'd like to be lady-in-waiting to a
Queen? Mollie McGee sketches tht
tasks of the British Queen's femtnina
minions in the latest of her series on
Youung Elizabeth II on Page B-2.
Guide for Readers
I Amusements A-1§ Lost, Found .. A-3
Classified. C-5-13 Obituory A 10
Comics A-24-25 Rodio-TV ...A-23
• j Editorial A-8 Sports C-l-4
I ; Edit'l Articles A-9 Women's
’Financial A-20-21 -1-4

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