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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 26, 1953, Image 8

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With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHIN GT 0 N 4, 0. C.
Published by
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
B. M. McKELWAY, Editor.
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Member of the Associated Press
Tho Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for
republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as
well as all A. P. news dispatches.
Controversial but Important
It would be unfortunate if the controversy
which has developed over proposed consolida
tion of District licensing and inspection services
should imperil the whole reorganization pro
gram of the District government. Questions
already have been raised at the Capitol about
the advisability of continuing the program un
less it can be shown conclusively that adminis
tration will be improved and money saved.
There is abundant evidence on these points
in the much-criticized District Reorganization
Plan No. 5. Much of the criticism of the survey
report resulted from what The Star believes
was a wrong approach in the handling of an
admittedly difficult phase of the reorganization.
The heads of the several licensing and inspec
tion services concerned in the shakeup were
consulted after rather than before preparation
of the report. When the recommendations
finally came to the attention of the adminis
trative heads, some of the reactions were explo
sive—notably that of Health Officer Seckinger.
Commissioner Spencer has announced that
hereafter the departments involved will be
consulted in advance—certainly a fairer and
more orderly method. And a compromise
health-inspection plan has been presented.
That a major reorganization of District
licensing and inspection activities would be
useful, sensible and economical is clear from
the report submitted to the Commissioner by
the reorganizing staff Even a partial reorgani
zation would be preferable to none. The Star’s
own investigation of overlapping and duplica
tion in the inspection field, as reported in a
series of special articles some months ago,
revealed a fertile field for reorganization. The
survey report stressed, for example, a “major
duplication of effort” by two separate District
agencies responsible for fire safety. One of
these is the Fire Safety Inspection Section of
the Department of Inspections. The other is
the Fire Prevention Division of the Fire De
partment. The former has 37 employes, the
latter 26. The report cited 15 duplicate items
which both agencies inspect. By abolishing
the Fire Safety Inspection Section and trans
ferring its work to the Fire Prevention Division,
more than SIOO,OOO a year could be saved, it
was estimated. Similar economies in other
departments might bring the total annual sav
ings to $500,000, the reorganizing staff declared.
There always is resistance to reorganizing
from those proposed for reorganization, as for
mer President Hoover once lamented. The ob
jectors should be allowed to have their say to
the fullest degree possible. Some of the objec
tions may prove to be valid. If so, they should
be given careful consideration. It may become
necessary to modify the plan further after a
full hearing of all sides. But resistance arising
chiefly out of selfish fears of lost prestige or
reduced rank should be disregarded. The gen
eral interest, not that of a few individuals,
ought to prevail in the District’s long-needed
reform enterprise.
'A Tragic Episode'
Most Americans—and especially those with
relatives or friends fighting the Communists
In Korea—will agree with the majority of a
Senate Armed Services Subcommittee that an
avoidable munitions shortage was a “tragic
episode” in the Korean story. Four out of five
members of the investigating group charged
that official shortsightedness and blundering
early in the war led to a needless loss of life
among our troops. It is true, as the lone dis
senter, Senator Kefauver, pointed out, that
some of the testimony was conflicting. But the
public heard and read enough evidence during
the hearings to be convinced that there was,
indeed, bungling in Washington that placed
some of our fighting men at a terrible disad
vantage in crucial times.
Senator Kefauver expressed the opinion
that American families which have lost loved
ones in Korea “have sustained grief enough”
without adding to their anguish by the “type
of statement” signed by Senators Smith of
Maine, Hendrickson of New Jersey and Cooper
of Kentucky, all Republicans, and Byrd of
Virginia, a Democrat. But, while criticizing
some of the majority's “generalities” and con
clusions, the Tennessee Senator did not dispute
the fact that shortages occurred that, from a
hindsight viewpoint, could have been prevented.
Certainly there is no justification for keeping
this knowledge from those who have been be
reaved, or for playing down mistakes, however
honestly made, that provide lessons for future
conduct of the war. The committee stressed
that "a repetition of this type of miscalculation
and inability to plan for the defense and secu
rity of the United States could result in catas
trophe for this Nation.”
The investigators found that Washington,
from the White House down through various
levels of the Pentagon, miscalculated the length
of the conflict in Korea, underestimated the
need for a greatly stepped up arms-production
program and, worst of all, allowed bureaucratic
red tape and inefficiency to hamper production
and delivery of desperately needed munitions
and equipment. How grave the situation was
regarded in the field is indicated by a quoted
e.xerpt from a telegram which General Ridg
way, then Far East commander and now desig
nated as Army Chief of Staff, sent here regard
ing the shell shortage. “There is a direct rela
tion,” the worried commander stated, “between
the piles of shells in the ammunition supply
points and the piles of corpses in the graves
registration collecting points. The bigger the
former, the smaller the latter.” Artillery shells
at that time were in short supply.
The implications of that telegram should
be enough to rout the apologists for those who
erred and to bring a grim determination at the
Pentagon to make certain that our men hence
forward have everything they need in Korea
even if more guns there should mean less butter
at home. For, although some of the miscalcu
lations may have been understandable, there
can be no excuse for the red tape, ineptness
and dangerous delays which added to the
“tragic episode.”
Their Latest in Pravda
Speaking once again through a temperately
worded front-page editorial in Pravda, the
post-Stalin men of the Kremlin have reaffirmed
that they are “ready in all seriousness and in
all conscience to examine any proposals directed
at securing peace and the widest economic and
cultural connections between states.” However,
despite the seeming sincerity of their tone, they
have qualified this declaration with statements
strongly suggesting that it is sheer wishfulness
to expect them to depart basically from the
policies that the Soviet Union has been follow
ing ever since the end of the Second World War.
Thus, while indorsing Prime Minister
Churchill’s recent call for an early meeting
of the great powers as a step toward easing
international tensions on a piecemeal basis,
the Malenkov-Beria-Molotov regime has made
clear through Pravda that it is not likely to
heed President Eisenhower’s appeal for concrete
evidence, in the form of peaceful Soviet deeds,
demonstrating the good faith of peaceful Soviet
words. Apparently the men of the Kremlin
have no intention of supplying such evidence
at this time. At any rate, besides blaming the
United States for the failure so far to arrive
at a Korean truce, they have indicated that
they will continue to block an Austrian treaty,
and in a separate note they have rejected an
invitation to discuss the subject at a new con
ference in London. With typical mendacity,
even though without their usual invective, they
have again tried to make It appear that the
Western “Big Three,” not they, are responsible
for the stalemate on Austria.
Similarly, the Pravda editorial leaves little
room for doubt that Premier Malenkov and his
top colleagues intend to hold fast to the sub
stance of the German policy followed by the
Kremlin under Stalin. That is to say, they seem
determined to insist on unifying Germany in
keeping with Soviet terms, and Soviet terms
only—terms that would pave the way for con
verting the entire country into another Red
satellite. Further, judging from Pravda’s words,
Russia’s new leaders still adhere to the Stalinist
line in such other matters as the following:
(1) Active support of “ever-growing national
and national-liberation movements” through
out the globe—meaning Communist subversion
and aggression of the type seen in Indo-China,
and (2) continuing efforts to disintegrate the
free world’s defenses by driving wedges between
the United States and like-minded nations—a
program involving measures to intensify inter
allied economic difficulties, propagandize on
any American move restricting trade, and ag
gravate political differences between ourselves
and our friends abroad over issues like Korea
and the status of China.
The men of the Kremlin have scarcely
bothered to disguise their desire to stir up as
much of this dissension as possible. Indeed,
they have spoken out as if President Eisenhower
were guilty of some kind of villainy for striving
to promote inter-allied harmony by arranging
for next month's meeting with Prime Minister
Churchill and the Premier of France—a meet
ing designed, among other things, to assess the
feasibility of a conference with Russia. Thus,
as Pravda describes it, the Bermuda project is
bad because it promises to lessen Anglo-French-
American differences in away that “not only
does not contribute to easing the international
situation, but on the contrary, it can bring
about a further heightening of the tension.” In
other words, the Malenkov regime seems to feel
that a Big Four get-together will be hard put
to succeed unless the representatives of our
side—the “Big Three”—go to it disagreeing
sharply with each other.
Os course, despite this remarkable view, it
may be that Russia’s rulers really want to work
out—“in all seriousness and in all conscience”—
acceptable understandings calculated to im
prove the world situation. But their latest piece
in Pravda, although it does not slam the door
on such a possibility, is something less than
altogether encouraging. Certainly, if they keep
on torpedoing an Austrian settlement and if
a Korean truce fails to materialize, an Anglo-
French-American meeting with them will hold
out virtually no promise of yielding good fruit
rather than bad.
Settling 'Tide! and s'
Now that President Eisenhower has signed
the bill quitclaiming to the coastal States the
submerged lands and resources lying within
their historic seaward boundaries, the Senate
should follow the lead of the House in enacting
legislation to provide machinery for Federal
control and development of the much richer
area beyond those boundaries.
This area—the so-called “outer” or non-
State area of the continental shelf—contains
by far the greater portion of the Nation’s off
shore wealth. The bill signed by the President
recognizes the interests of the Federal Govern
ment in this region, but it does not establish—
as does the separate legislation enacted by
the House—the specific procedures and legal
authority needed for Federal development of
all the oil, gas and other resources involved.
Senator Taft is on record as declaring that
the Senate will act upon such legislation in
the near future, and his promise to that effect
should be fulfilled at the earliest possible mo
ment. For there can be no question, as the
President has said in signing the quitclaim bill,
that the submerged lands outside the historic
seaward boundaries of the States “should be
administered by the Federal Government and
income therefrom should go into the Federal
As for the quitclaim itself, the President
has stated a simple truth in declaring that it
merely honors “the ancient rights of the States
... in keeping with basic principles of honesty
and fair play.” Those who have attacked it
as a “giveaway” and “robbery in broad day
light” have been guilty, if not legally illiterate,
of the grossest kind of distortion and misrep
resentation. Certainly, in discussing the issue,
they have resorted to an extravagance of lan
guage that has done violence to facts.
Its opponents have said that the newly
signed bill will be challenged ii the Supreme
Court. That may be so, but it is difficult to
see what the challenge can accomplish against
the court’s own past assertion of the right of
Congress to enact such legislation. Given Sen
ate action clearly establishing the Federal in
terest beyond the State boundaries, any litiga
tion along that line is likely to go against those
who initiate it
TUESDAY, May 26, 1953
Letters to The Star .V
Pensioners' Plight
The Federal Spotlight reports that
congressional action on Government
employe retirement and survivorship
insurance benefits may be delayed at
least until 1955.
Congress did not hesitate to bring
out of committee a bill to double its own
salary. Why then delay legislation to
provide necessities of life to Federal
employes who have retired, the ma
jority of them having 30 to 40 years
service. They have to pay the same
high prices for food, rent, clothing,
etc., as the legislative body out of a
small fixed income, which hardly keeps
them alive.
Congress could at least exempt the
retired Government employe from Fed
eral income taxes at this session, which
would be some help while awaiting, the
outcome of 1955.
After all, the dollars we paid into
the retirement fund through the years
were worth twice as much as the ones
we receive in return.
Life could be beautiful in retirement
if you could live on your annuity.
Our Littered Parks
The “City Beautiful” letter May 14
expressed just indignation by the writer,
Edward Fisher, of the unsightly mess
picnickers leave at the Zoo each Sun
day and made some suggestions for
improvement. His remarks and sug
gestions are commendable indeed. As
he infers, tnis condiiion prevailb in all
parks, picnic grounds, circles and rest
These spots are all on most valuable
land, provided and maintained at a
tremendous expense. They are quite
necessary for promotion of health, to
freshen and provide oxygen to allay
what would otherwise be stiffling air on
hot and humid days. They afford
marvelous relaxation and recreation.
Each is a setting of beauty, education,
restfulness. And so the praises could be
carried on and on. Strangest feature is
the ones who benefit most from them
are the worst offenders.
It is little wonder Congress reneges
on appropriating money for further
parks when the existing ones are so
abused and desecrated. Consider the
budget officer trying to justify mainte
nance and improvement allotments. A
hard lot indeed.
Would it be possible to devise a plan
to educate the children and through
them the adults? Interest the papers,
radio and television programs, civic
bodies, churches or any others to pro
mote a contest for children to submit
slogans or posters with an opportunity
to show them or read them in some
church or meeting or on TV, possibly
the top winner to present one to the
President, all of them answered by a
brief talk on the importance of co
peration in cleanliness and health.
John C. Miller.
For the Record
I should like to bring to your atten
tion an error in the caption under the
picture entitled: “Man With an Olive
Branch” <May 19) showing John Foster
Dulles. The men in the background,
described as “Greek priests,” are not
Greek but are Armenian Orthodox
clergymen. The one to the extreme
right is the Archbishop and the one
in the center is the Bishop of the Ar
menian Orthodox Church of Arab
Alyce Tamzarian.
Straphangers Rejoice
What welcome news your paper
brought us—that transit radio is to die
May 30. This will certainly cause great
rejoicing among those who have to ride
the streetcars and buses after four years
of forced listening. The riders have
enough transportation problems with
out having this noise dinned into their
I am sure the advertising did not
pay because I have heard hundreds of
people say they would never buy the
products advertised so long as the tran
sit radio was forced upon them. It
has been one of the greatest impositions
ever foisted on the public, and has
created ill will toward Capital Transit
Perhaps now we shall be able to
listen to some good programs on
WWDC-FM instead of the station’s
leasing its facilities for a purpose that
brought only annoyances to the
Agnes Winn.
* *
This abridgment of our liberties is
being stopped mainly by the refusal of
the merchants to patronize such a
thing. Other contributing factors have
been the opposition of the better ele
ments in the advertising field, the op
position of the press, the efforts of
the Transit Riders Association in
Washington, D. C. and the efforts of
alert citizens in all the cities where
this thing appeared.
That even a shade of totalitarian
forced listening could not get started
in this country without being sup
pressed by an aroused public is an
"his and That . . .
“Dear Sir:
“What shall I do about these fresh
air fiends in my office who insist on
putting the window up?
“And, on me! If they put up
windows to blow air down their own
necks, it wouldn’t be so bad, but they
leave their part of the office and come
away back to mine.
“I can’t call fresh air dirty work, but
that is what it amounts to when it hits
the back of my neck.
“I sometimes wonder if my neck is
different from other people’s necks, or
whether it is just that I am more
honest about it.
“I got in a taxi the other day, and
the man had his window down, and a
fine stream of fresh, cold air hit the
back of the window behind me and
bounced off onto my poor neck.
“I asked the man if he would do
anything about it. and he said, no, he
liked fresh air, himself.
“I told him that it didn’t hit him,
and that was the reason he didn’t mind
it, but that it did hit me, and that was
the reason I didn't like it.
“He said, ‘Well, you know what you
can do?’ and I asked ‘What?’ and he
said get out of the cab if I didn't like
it, so I got out.
“I can’t get out of my office, so I am
writing to ask you what I ought to say
and do when some one comes from the
other end and puts up the window on
“Sincerely yours, H. D. A. G."
Indication of the extremely healthy
condition of our democracy.
A. M. Wilson.
American Women 'Queen Crazy'
In John Ford Lagemann’s article,
“America’s Queen Crazy Women,” ap
pearing recently in This Week, a grave
injustice w r as committed against the
women of this country.
Mr. Lagemann states “for the first
time in our history the women of
America have found a heroine (mean
ing Queen Elizabeth) who makes them
feel superior to men.”
This may be interpreted as a bend
ing-over-backward measure to once
Hi 4
HlHf ' ®||soS|j|pP
Queen Elizabeth.
more justify the American male's posi
tion and, at the same time, provide
nourishment for his awesome ego.
The women of America do not want
a heroine w r ho makes them feel superior
to men. They do not even want a hero
ine. What American women are seek
ing, and very seriously, is a symbol of
the dignity that was once possessed by
the women and mothers of this country,
who found their purpose in it’s natural
habitat, the home.
What, with all the multi-divorced
queens of Hollywood and television,
grown pompous and quickly rich, and
divorced not only from their men but
from their ideals, is it any wonder that
American women have sought out as
their example, a woman who is queenly
in every sense of the word?
Pauline G. Kells.
Great American
Guizot, the noted French historian,
once asked James Russell Lowell, fa
mous American poet, “How long do you
think the American republic will en
dure?” Lowell replied, “So long as the
ideas of its founders continue to be
dominant.” Guizot answered, “I agree
with you.”
This month of May has a birthday
that every American should remember.
Patrick Henry was bom on May 29,
1736, 217 years ago. In his 39th year,
on March 23, 1775, he made his im
mortal declaration (the declaration that
expedited the birth of our Nation) “Give
me liberty or give me death.” Just 27
days later, at Lexington, Massachusetts,
the shot was fired that was heard
around the world. A little over one
year later the American Nation was
born—on a Thursday, July 4, 1776, a
leap year.
“Don’t tread on me” was the battle
cry inscribed on our first flag of 1775.
Patrick Henry bespoke in words of fire
v ■' *&> JlliPiik
Patrick Henry.
the deep convictions of himself and all
our God-honoring founding fathers,
when he said:
“Bad men cannot make good citizens.
It is when a people forget God. that
tyrants forge their chains. A vitiated
state of morals, a corrupted public
conscience is incompatible with free
This May 29, 1953, every American
should give pause and think on the
memory of Patrick a great,
courageous, indomitable and inspiring
American who was not afraid to shout
the battlecry of freedom that sparked
the founding of our American Nation.
John C. Crowe.
This is a perennial problem in most
offices, both in and out of Govern
It seems that nobody wants the
wind on themselves, so they carefully
go to the other end.
Human selfishness rears its ugly
head again.
It is shown not just in great matters,
but more often in small ones, such as
* *
Not only does the offender come
from many feet away, but he passes up
many windows he might put up closer
to his desk.
All articles of furniture have charac
Desks build up pettiness.
It seems inherent in desks, just as
chairs build laziness.
The modern soft-bottomed chair is
a very devil’s invention. It lures those
who should exercise to soft slumber.
It makes them incapable of the best
resistance to life's troubles. They “rust
out,’’ rather than wear out.
* *
The person who thoughtlessly brings
down cold air on another's head ought
to be asked:
“Why don’t you put up that window
close by, instead of coming away over
Sometimes these thoughtless people
will leave 20 large windows closed all
around them, to go 50 or more feet to
open a window on some one else.
Pen-names may be used if letters carry
writers? correct names and addresses.
AU letters are subject to condensation.
Military Life Best? v
It seems to me that President Eisen
hower’s recent speech at Annapolis
had all the earmarks of military snob
bery. To suggest that “service brats"
are prouder of their fathers than for
instance the “merchants’ ” children are
of their fathers is not only fallacious
and bigoted thinking but certainly in
very poor taste for a designated leader
of all people. Are we to teach our
children that military life is the be-all
and end-all of living and have another
Germany of the past? Are we to teach
them that one man’s contribution to
mankind is better than another’s and
therefore makes him a “special”
father? Is this not a presumptuous
I have great admiration for the serv
ices but also for all men who are con
tributing to the progress of mankind
to the best of their ability. What about
the artist, for example, who is seldom
interested in military life? It is true
that the serviceman necessarily pro
tects and defends us, but on the other
hand, would we not become stoic with
out the artist to feed our souls whether
it be by words, music, painting or en
tertainment. When we cease to func
tion as human beings, only robots will
want to survive.
A child takes genuine pride (which
is real because it is a form of love) in
a father, not because of his occupation
(which is a false sort of pride for it is
an acquired value), but because of
what the father gives of himself to
the child and if he shows the child
that he loves him without reservation.
Yes, as amazing as it may seem to
many who have lived in a limited mil
itary world, one can even be a “com
moner,” whether he be a “merchant,”
a Government worker, or any other kind
of civilian worker, and still be the best
of father and have children who love
him deeply and are mighty proud of
him. Dorothy A. Stamford.
No Secrets at Bermuda
This time the people of the United
States should make sure no secret
deals—selling us or any other country
over to Soviet Russia—by demanding
congressional representation at the pro
posed “Big Three” meeting at Bermuda.
The House and the Senate should
both be represented at the scheduled
meeting by a representative of both
branches of the legislative phase of
the Government from both the Repub
lican and the Democratic parties.
An outspoken and level-headed Sen
ator such as Joe McCarthy should rep
resent the Senate, while some New
Dealer like Senator Lehman of New
York could listen for the Democrats.
As for the House, just a good Republi
can and a good New Deal Democrat
would be good enough to represent
that body.
Already there is reason to wonder
whether the President has made some
kind of deal that may eventually back
fire against the free world in the rer
lease of Newspaperman William Oatis.
Let’s not have any more “secret” let
ters to heads of Communist states, nor
meetings without true representatives
of the American republic present.
Tom Coll.
Objects to 'Left-Winger'
I would like to take issue with the
article by David Lawrence, “McCarthy
is Only a Side Issue.”
Lawrence states that the “left-wing
ers” are mostly Democrats. To him it
seems that the Democrats are the “left
It is very unfair to those who have
an honest dislike of McCarthy to be
called left-winger.
I for one do not like McCarthy be
cause I do not like dirty fighting.
Marion C. Hall, Jr.
Arlington School Funds
Refusal to provide funds for the re
quested increases in the teacher and
non-teacher scales has every appear
ance of relegating the employes of the
school system to a second-class status
among all breadwinners in the employ
of Arlington County. This is a cruel
judgment to be passed on a loyal and
deserving group of people who are
carrying on one of the most important
undertakings done for pay in the en
tire county.
It appears that the agony of an in
temperate fight can be avoided in the
interest of community harmony. This
can be done if the parents will put up
with postponement of some items which
can be postponed without serious jeop
ardy to the educational program and
if they will assume some of the financial
burden directly. These are obligations
which, in the tradition of free public
schools in a prosperous community, do
not belong to the parents. But the pa
rents in this community know these
pay scales have to be raised signifi
cantly. If the County Board is not pre
pared to assume that the taxpayers
want justice done, the School Board
must be encouraged to presume that the
parents will rise above the call of duty
and fill the breach.
James C. Pettee,
Chairman, Citizens’ Committee for
School Improvement.
By Charles E. Tracewell
The air from this window could not
possibly ever get back to the point
Let us call such persons thoughtless.
Actually, there is a great deal of malice
in their actions. It is nothing to them
if one catches cold, or even pneumonia.
They are the same persons who want
more light, so thread their way
through a hundred desks to put up a
drawn blind right by another desk.
That such light may be utterly too
much for the person so close to it
makes no impression on them.
Here again, as in the first instance,
the added amount of light that finally
seeps back to them can do no real
good. They only think it can.
The imagination is a marvelous
thing, all right.
As a man thinketh in his heart, so
is he.
Remember the story told in psy
chology books of the old day?
The man went to a strange inn, and
couldn’t sleep, naturally enough.
Then he saw that the window was
Being sleepy, he threw his shoe at
what he thought was the window', and
was rewarded with a satisfying crash
and splinter of glass.
“Ah,” he thought, as he drew a fine
big breath, and promptly went to sleep.
When he awoke the next morning, he
saw that what he had smashed was
not the window at all.
The Political Mill
Blast at Wilson Is Really
An Attack on President
Democrats Haven't Courage
To Denounce Eisenhower
By Gould Lincoln
The Democrats, in their current bitter
attacks upon Secretary of Defense Wil
son, are camouflaging an assault upon
President Eisenhower. They are calling
for Mr. Wilson's official head—on the
theory he is scuttling national defense
in the program of appropriations and
expenditures for the fiscal year 1954,
and for the following year. They
haven’t quite the courage yet to de
nounce the President himself.
The President is fully cognizant, how
ever, of the details and effect of the de
fense program which Mr. Wilson has
submitted to Congress. It is unthink
able that the program has been laid
before that body without his approval.
As a trained military man and as Com
mander in Chief, it is equally unthink
able that President Eisenhower would
put his seal of approval on a program
that threatens the national defense. If
the American people cannot trust Gen
Eisenhower in military decisions such as
these, whom can they trust?
Astronomical Sum.
The spearhead of the Democratic
attack upon Secretary Wilson is the
proposed cut in appropriations for the
Air Force. The revised budget request
for the Air Force for fiscal year 1954 is
$11.69 billion. The estimated carryover
from previous appropriations for the Air
Force is $28.48 billion. This means a
total of $40.17 billion available for the
Air Force in fiscal year 1954, an astron
omical sum which the Air Force could
not possibly spend in that period. The
revised budget request, however, cut $5
billion from the Truman budget for that
branch of the service. Looking into the
future, Mr. Wilson’s critics charge that
this cut threatens the eventual strength
of the Air Force in a disastrous manner,
Mr. Wilson to the contrary notwith
Senator Millikin of Colorado, chair
man of the Republican Conference
Committee of the Senate, has dared the
Democrats to make a political issue of
the proposed Air Force money cuts, in
sisting the country will support the
judgment of President Eisenhower as
to the air strength we should have. The
Colorado Senator, when he issued his
challenge, may have had in mind an
investigation which is about to be
launched into spending by the Air Force
in recent years. A subcommittee of
the Senate Armed Forces Committee,
headed by Senator Bridges of New
Hampshire, will begin this investigation
June 2. If reports are true, the waste
of funds that will be turned up will
shock the American people. In one
quarter it is said that large sums might
as well have peen dumped in the At
lantic Ocean.' The other members of
this subcommittee are Senator Flanders
of Vermont and Duff of Pennsylvania,
Republicans, and Senators Byrd of Vir
ginia and Symington of Missouri, Dem
ocrats. The word is going out that it
would be better to go slow on demands
for greater appropriations for the Air
Force until all the facts are known.
Gloves Come Off.
The Democrats in Congress—or some
of them—are beginning to take the
gloves off, in preparation for a bare
flst fight with the Republican opposi
tion. Senator Lyndon Johnson of Texas,
the minority leader of the Senate, ad
dressing the Women’s National Demo
cratic Club here, asked:
“Does our Defense Department think
that fewer ships, fewer guns, and fewer
planes mean greater strength to de
fend our country against Communism?
The American people are a proud people.
They are strong In their confidence:
firm in their determination to defend
their country. They did not vote (in
1952) for weakness and confusion. They
did not call for a reduction in their
fighting power.”
There was much more to the John
son speech, criticizing the Eisenhower
administration. In it the Democratic
leader said the people are seeking firm
direction, and he added: “If the con
stitutional leader does not lead, there
follows first disenchantment, then dis
illusionment, and finally complete de
spair.” Here is the suggestion, if noth
ing more, that President Eisenhower is
not providing that leadership.
A demand will be made that Presi
dent Eisenhower himself defend the de
tails of the national defense program.
In his recent address to the Nation on
taxes and defense, the President did
give his approval in a general way to
the defense budget. Members of Con
gress, including some of those who are
strongly favorable to the President, will
wish to hear from him more specifi
cally in regard to items of the program
before they vote for it. Nor does it
appear likely the President will hesi
tate. On the contrary, it may be ex
pected the President will express him
self firmly.
Questions and Answers
The Star'* reader* can get the answer to an?
Suestion of fact by either writing The Evening
tar Information Bureau, 1200 1 ttreet N.W.,
Washington 3. D. C.. and Inclosing S cent* re
turn postage, or be telephoning Sterling 3-7363.
Q. What nations are sponsoring tha
Mosque and Islamic Center in the
National Capital?—E. F. C.
A. Afghanistan. Egypt, Indonesia,
Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and Yemen.
These nations are sharing the cost*
and supplying furnishings.
Q. What countries besides the United
States manufacture automobiles?—P.
W. D.
A. Great Britain, France, Italy. Ger
many, Japan, Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, Spain, Sweden, Czecho
slovakia and Australia are listed in cur
rent international publications.
Q. Is the ginger of commerce the root
of the plant?—V. R. T.
A. It is the underground rootlike
stem of the plant Zingiber officinale,
which grows in tropical countries. The
plant yields 700 to 1,500 pounds of the
dried spice to an acre in one year.
One More Spring
How many years are mine 1 have not
Though some were good, I think, and
some were not,
They all were probably the common
Perhaps I ask lor less now I am old,
And it takes less to make an old heart
So I lie here quite happily, God wot.
Because 1 live to see another Spring!
Mariam S. Foot*

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