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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 04, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Fair, low near 68. Tomorrow, cloudy,
warm, humid, possibly thundershowers at
night. (Details on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 76 6 a.m. ..70 10 a.m. ..75
2 a.m. ..73 8 a.m ..73 11a.m. ..76
4 a.m. —7l 9 a.m. __7s Noon ...78
An Associated Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 185.
Poles Fighting Soviet Troops,
Halting Trains, Berlin Reports;
Hungarians Shake Up Regime
Reds Believed
Speeding Tanks
Into Areas
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, July 4.—Rebellious
Poles reportedly have clashed
with Russian troops and cut a
Soviet supply line to East Ger
many in an apparent spread of
the bloody revolt that swept
East Germany June 17. Russian
tanks were said to be en route
from East Berlin to the Polish
border.
These reports of disorders in
Russia’s neighboring satellite
w’ere published in West Berlin
last night, but could not be con
firmed officially. Ever since East
Germany erupted in strikes and
riots 17 days ago, rumors have
trickled through the Iron Cur
tain of similar uprising in both
Poland and Czechoslovakia.
The West Berlin newspaper
Telegraf said demonstrations !
have broken out in Poland and j
that several persons have been
killed in clashes with Soviet
troops.
The Northwest German radio,
quoting from the East zone, said
12 Soviet trains carrying war
reparations from East Germany
to Russia had been halted at
the Polish border and told that
Polish partisans had cut the rail
line to Brest-Litovsk.
Other Riots Reported.
The broadcast also said refu
gees reported riots flared in the
Polish section of Frankfurt-on-
Oder and in Kuestrin and several
other Polish border towns last
week end. There was no late
word to indicate whether the
riots were still on.
The report that Russian tanks
were en route from East Berlin
to the Polish border was pub
lished by the United States State
Department’s German-language
newspaper Neue Zeitung. It said
the tanks were the same ones
which put down the June 17 up
rising in East Berlin.
Last Tuesday, the West Berlin j
newspaper Nacht-Depesche re
ported, without confirmation,
that bloody clashes occurred
in at least seven cities that were
once German, but which are now
behind the Polish frontier.
Nacht-Depesche said unrest was
still prevalent.
Polish Troops Refuse to Shoot.
Refugees said last week that
Polish tank troops called in to
put down the disorders refused
to fire on the rioters. This would
give the Russians grounds for
bringing in their own troops in
case of trouble in Poland.
Neue Zeitung said Polish un
derground circles reported the
Russians have cleared a “death
zone” 900 yards wide along the
entire Polish-Soviet border and
are patrolling it day and night
with troops and bloodhounds.
Such reports are almost im
possible to check. The Soviet
zone of Germany with its bor
ders sealed by martial law lies
between Berlin and the Polish,
frontier.
Passive Resistance.
But refugees escaping into
West Berlin reported that a sul
len campaign of passive resist
ance still continues in East Ger
many right up to the Polish bor- !
der. The Russians still found it
necessary to maintain martial
law in East Germany’s major
cities although it had been lifted
in most rural areas.
The Communist press claimed
yesterday that “many” East Ger
mans arrested in the June 17
riots were being released because
investigations showed them to
have been “misled” by “Fascist
elements.”
Stern punishment for those
convicted of active leadership in
assault and arson during the riots
continued to be reported, how
ever. by the Reds’ news media.
49 Planes Take Off
In Powder Puff Derby
By the Associated Press
LAWRENCE, Mass., July 4
Women pilots and co-pilots of 49
small planes took off in ideal fly
ing weather today in the 2.678-
mile Powder Puff air derby from
Lawrence to Long Beach, Calif.
This seventh annual race—
being flown from East to West
for the first time—was postponed
a day because of strong head
winds and 45-mile-an-hour gusts
at the first check-point in Sche
nectady. N. Y.
The first plane—piloted by
Mrs. Ruth Wolfe Thomas of
Knoxville, Tenn.—took off at
5:30 a.m.
Within 33 minutes, the last of
the 49 planes, flown by Mrs.
Edna G. Whyte of Fort Worth,;
Tex., was airborne.
En route to Long Beach, the
women flyers must pass check
points at Schenectady, Rochester,
N. Y.. Detroit. Mich., South Bend,
rnd., Peoria, HI., Kansas City, j
Wichita, Kan., Amarillo, Tex.,
Albuquerque, N. M.. and Winslow ;
and Prescott, Ariz. i
Phone ST. 3-5000 ★*
Patriotism Mixed With Fun
On District Program for 4th
Fireworks Display
To Top Washington
Events This Evening
; Washington helped the Nation
celebrate its 177th birthday to
; day, mixing large amounts of
pleasure-seeking with gestures of
patriotism.
In near perfect weather—
which promises to hold until
Schedule of Holiday Events in the
District Area. Page A-7
Three Arrested for Illegal Fire Works
Sole. . Page A-7
more humid weather returns to
morrow—the observance mixed
the sounds of oratory, the happy
i laughter of children on picnics
and fireworks with the inevitable
, crunch and clangor of death on
! the highways.
In the war which created this
I country, fatalities averaged 93
per month. The National Safety
Council has estimated this week
end’s death toll at well over 200
Highway travel, largely toward
the beaches, began late yesterday
and continued to roll in heavy
volume today.
Topping the area’s observance
will be the mammoth celebration
and fireworks display on the
Washington Monument grounds,
where 150,000 persons are ex
pected for the 8 o’clock program.
Elsewhere, organized programs
and supervised fireworks, track
meets and picnics are the order
of the day.
President Eisenhower, at his
Camp David retreat in Mary
land’s Catoctiji mountains, saw
the day as one of penance and
prayer in the face of “grave
problems.” He asked the Na
tion to join him in prayer’s “for
God’s help” in solving those
problems and in rendering
thanks to Him “for watching
over our Nation.”
Night Sessions Face
Senate in Rush to
Adjourn by July 31
Long Hours Required
To Pass Money Bills,
Act on Refugee Entry
After this week-end recess, the
Senate will face a steady grind
of long hours to meet the July 31
adjournament date set by party
leaders.
Acting Majority Leader Know
land said today that, starting
Monday, there will be frequent
night sessions and meetings on
Saturday to clear the remaining
appropriation bills and other
“must” legislation.
, Actions Scheduled.
In addition to the money bills.
Senator Knowland said action
would be sought on:
| The President’s request for the
admission of 240,000 special
quota immigrants, chiefly refu
; gees from behind the Iron Cur
tain. The Judiciary Committee
has agreed to act on this bill
Wednesday.
A bill to simplify customs
regulations.
Conference reports on foreign
aid and extension of the Re
ciprocal Trade Act.
! Senator Knowland said con
ferences are still going on be
tween Senate leaders and ad
ministration spokesmen trying
to reach agreement on a com
promise version of the Bricker
constitutional amendment to
curb the treaty-making power.
Knowland Optimistic.
“I believe we can get our work
done by July 31. but it will
take some night and Saturday
sessions to do it," Senator Know
j land said.
He said he thinks good prog
; ress has been made toward a
compromise of viewpoints be
! tween administration officials
and Senator Bricker, Republi
can, of Ohio, on the latter’s
proposal to amend the Consti
tution to prevent treaty inter
ference with the rights of Ameri
can citizens.
Attorney General Brownell and
Secretary of State Dulles, who
have criticized the proposal, may
meet with the Senate Republi
can Policy Committee next week
in an attempt to reach accord
on compromise language.
Skyrocket Pierces Attic,
Firemen Quell Blaze
j A skyrocket early today caused
j an attic fire in Groveton, Va.,
according to Penn-Daw firemen.
The skyrocket, set off by a
neighbor, went through the side
of the house of John L. Smith
! of 1965 Oak drive, firemen said.
The rocket landed among some
papers and clothing. Firemen
i quickly extinguished the blaze.
%\)t lEtimittg Skf
WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1953—THIRTY PAGES.
Nixon Gives Talk
In Ceremonies at
Independence Hall
1 By the Associated Press
PHILADELPHIA, July 4.—The
f Nation celebrated its birthday to
[ day in a hallowed old red brick
building—lndependence Hall—
. where freedom had its shining ,
l hour 177 years ago.
Fourth of July ceremonies in !
; this cradle of liberty head un- j
counted similar celebrations in i
i cities and hamlets throughout!
’ the United States and her pos
sessions.
Vice President Nixon delivered j
, the mam address at the historic j
, white-towered structure where j
! America's Declaration of Inde- ;
pendence was adopted by the
Continental Congress on July 4.
1776.
In his prepared address Mr.
Nixon said Americans under the
leadership of President Eisen
hower “will meet our problems
at home and eventually bring
peace and freedom abroad.”
He asserted that “under the
leadership of a great President
i we have regained the initiative
for the cause of freedom.”
“From the beginning of his
term in office,” the Vice Presi-,
dent continued, “President Eisen
hower has let the world know i
that America would not accept
the defeatist doctrine of con
tainment (of communism).
“In the great American tradi
tion he offered hope for enslaved
’ peoples behind the Iron Curtain i
who wanted to be free. ... j
“There may be those who are!
\ discouraged as to the prospects
: for victory without war and
; peace in our time and in the
time to come. But I say there
; is no question as to the outcome.
“We have the men, we have
(See INDEPENDENCE, Pg. A-5.) |
I
Surplus Food Plan
Os President Facing I
Defeat, Taft Says
Early Hearings Promised
On Authority for Use
To Aid Famine Victims j
• ; By the Associated Press
*; Senator Taft, Republican, of !
1 ; Ohio said today he expects Con- !
' gress to reject President Eisen- 1
hower’s request for blanket au- !
■ thority to send Government-held
> farm surpluses to friendly for- ;
; ; eign nations. \
J ‘T don’t thifik there will be 1
; any such general authority giv
en,” the Senate Republican lead
er said in an interview. “The j
; agricultural people are against it. '
, They have their own ideas on j
i handling these surpluses. There ;
are many proposals.”
! Senator Taft hinted the White
| House request may have been an
effort to separate the farm sur
! plus problem from the $5.3 bil- '
‘ lion foreign aid bill passed by ;
the Senate Wednesday,
j Gen. Eisenhower asked broad ;
' authority to use Government
held farm products for famine or j
1 other emergency relief to foreign !
nations during the next two
years.
Would Fix Terms.
He asked the right to fix terms
—gift or sale—with the Treasury
. paying the costs, including de- 1
■ livery, and said this should be j
, separate from the long range 1
military and economic assistance
program of the Mutual Security
Administration.
• Republican chairmen of the I
Senate and House Agriculture
Committees promised to hold
’ early hearings on the White
House request. But tentative
plans to adjourn Congress July
31 and powerful opposition to
the proposal indicate slight
1 chance for its approval.
Senator Humphrey, Democrat,
i of Minnesota, tried to attack the
Eisenhower' request to the for- i
eign aid authorization measure,
but stirred up bipartisan oppo
sition and was defeated. j
Democrats generally blasted ;
; the Eisenhower request as a j
i “blank check” and “giveaway” of
i more than $3 billion worth of
; farm commodities now held by
I the Government under its price
| support program,
i Senator Knowland, Republican
of California, who has been act- I
ing floor leader while Senator !
I Taft is recovering from a hip
ailment, defended the President's
(See TAFT, Page A-3.)
: No Late Editions
■ i
The Star observes the holiday today t
by eliminating the Night Final Edi
i j tion. Subscribers to that edition will j
i receive the Home Edition.
Rakosi, Veteran
Communist, Is
Ousted as Chief
By tha Associated Press
BUDAPEST, Hungary, July 4.
—ln a surprise ouster of Premier
Matyas Rakosi, a Hungarian
parliament today elected a new
government without the veteran
Communist who has headed the
Red regime since last August.
The new administration, pro
| posed by the nation’s presidium
i and approved by the lawmakers,
I is headed by Imre Nagy, a 57-
year-old Communist who was
| one of the five Vice Premiers in
! Rakosi’s former cabinet.
Move a Formality.
Rakosi's government resigned
i Thursday in the wake of Hun
j garian parliamentary elections
j but the move had been consid
j ered largely a formality.
Nagy, 57, was a Hungarian
broadcaster in Moscow during
World War II and returned to
his native Hungary with the
Soviet Army in 1944.
He rose rapidly in the new
Red heirarchy. He was succes
sively minister of agriculture in
1944, interior minister in 1945
a key post with far-flung au
thority over internal security—
and speaker of parliament in
1947.
Editor of Red Paper.
He also has been a professor
of economics at the University
| of Budapest and editor of the
Communist newspaper Szabad
Fold.
Rakosi, 61, also spent World
War II in Russia. He has been
Hungary’s No. 1 Communist for
most of the years since. His
j resignation followed swiftly on a
! drastic shakeup in the ruling
Communist Party’s politburo.
The post of secretary general,
held by him, was abolished and
the number of members reduced
from 17 to nine.
Friend of Stalin.
Western diplomats in Vienna,
! Austrian listening post for as
• fairs behind the Iron Curtain,
j believe Rakosi has been elimi
nated as Hungarian dictator
| premier because he was a friend
| of the late Soviet Premier Stalin.
Even though he still holds a
j prominent place in the party
hierarchy, it is believed he has
I lost much of his powers as a one
' man boss. 1
This appears to be part of the
whole new Kremlin policy, both
! in Moscow and in the satellites:
[Wiping out the one-man dicta
tor traditions 6f Stalin and re
placing the old hero cult with
! government by committee.
Escaped Anti-Semitism.
During the last days of Stalin’s
' reign, Rakosi was one of the few
i high-placed Jews in the Com
; munist world to retain his post
j after the anti-Semitic wave that
i stemmed from Moscow’s attempts
to stamp out any Jewish sym
pathies for Zionism or the state
j of Israel.
I Rakosi has had a long, bril
liant and often violent career in
! the Communist International. He
; was a secretary to the Comintern
executive in Moscow at the age
lof 28. He returned to Hungary
to carry on illegal Red activities
j and served a couple of long
; prison terms on charges of mur
| der and inciting to murder.
He, to, came back to Hungary
i with the advancing Soviet armies
in 1944 and began immediately
j applying the “salami tactics” for
! which he became notorious.
He described these tactics as:
“Demanding a little more each
day, like cutting up a salami,
thin slice after thin slice.”
Elderly Couple Badly Injured
When Attacked by Dog Pack
By tha Associated Press
NEW YORK, July 4. Seven
Boxers pounced on an elderly
couple at a nursing home last
night and savagely mauled
them. The dogs then bit their
woman owner and a man—who
had gone to the couple’s aid—
before 17 armed policemen in
tervened.
The officers, who sped to the
home in eight radio cars and
an emergency truck, fired 25
shots in the melee. They killed
one of the dogs and captured
four others.
A female and a puppy, de
scribed by their owner as “tame,”
remained at large.
Most seriously injured were
Charles Sheridan, 63, and his
wife. 60. They were taken to
Queens General Hospital, where
Mrs. Sheridan’s condition today
was described as critical and his
condition as poor.
Police said they were not sure
what precipitated the attack.
They added that it was possible
the Boxers might have been ex
cited by a chance wave of his
cane by Mr. Sheridan.
Mrs. Sheridan was visiting her
husband, who was recuperating
from a heart ailment, At the Hy
land Nursing Home in Queens.
Spirit of 76
Spirit of 76 Invoked
Rhee TV Plea to Americans
Annoys Official Washington
Government Views His Action as Going Over
Its Head to People During Truce Jockeying
By James E. Roper
South Korean President Syng- i
man Rhee’s filmed television j
message to the people of the!
United States today surprised
and annoyed Washington offi
cials.
Mr. Rhee, posing for the
cameras of the Columbia Broad
casting System in Seoul, asked
the American people to support
South Korea’s stand against
Communism—meaning no truce
now.
Mr. Rhee posed for CBS yes
terday, and his words were made
public immediately. The film is
en route to the United States.
Mr. Rhee, at 78, speaks a mum
bling English, but his words for
the television cameras were
packed with emotion as he in
voked the spirit of ’76 and plead
ed with Americans to rally to
the cause of "freedom-loving
people all over the world.”
In view of the delicate truce
negotiations now going on, this
amounted to an appeal to the
American people over the heads
of their Government.
It’s Unusual Move.
Never before has a chief of
state carried such an appeal into
a supposedly friendly country t
via the TV screen. It seemed [
to violate Mr. Rhee’s own philos- i
ophy of propaganda courtesies
among friendly powers.
Thirteen months ago. Mr.
Rhee’s government stopped re
laying Voice of American broad
casts because they carried
United States newspaper edi
torials denouncing Mr. Rhee. At
the time, he had thrown some
of his political oppdnents In jail.
American newspapers were in
dignant.
Seoul kept Voice broadcasts
off their local stations for a week
while the diplomats argued over
the proprieties of propaganda.
Seoul later resumed relay of the ;
Voice material.
The Voice now carries fully;
the statements of President Ei
senhower, Secretary of State
Dulles, Gen. Mark W. Clark and
other responsible officials even
though they conflict with Mr.
Rhee’s policies. Although the
Voice goes easy on unofficial
comment such as newspaper edi
They were out for a stroll when
the attack occurred.
Authorities added:
The Boxers, owned by Mrs;
j Cecilia Salvatore, 61, proprietor
of the home, streaked out of a
fenced inclosure and jumped on
the Sheridans.
Both Mr. Sheridan and his
wife were knocked to the ground
by the big dogs, including three
full-grown and four good-sized
puppies.
Handyman Frank Titt, 27,
j colored, heard the Sheridans’
j screams and rushed to their aid,
j picking up Mr. Sheridan’s cane.
| Mrs. Salvatore also rushed out.
She and the handyman received
leg bites from the enraged
animals.
Meanwhile, a call had been
put into police by a nurse, and
the patrolmen arrived while the
attack still was on.
One patrolman fired a warn
ing shot which the dogs ignored.
Then he carfeully aimed at
Dinny, a year-and-a-half-old,
87-pound male boxer attacking
Mrs. Sheridan.
Dinny, hit in the neck. fled.
The other dogs followed. A
fourth and fifth bullet finally
i stopped Dinny as officers round
ed up three puppies and Prin
cess, a female.
! torials, the United States still
has a propaganda weapon to use
in Mr. Rhee’s own back yard.
Perhaps he feels that in mak
, ing films and recordings for use
| in the United States he is simply
I retaliating.
But some officials here, in ad
dition to being annoyed over Mr.
Rhee’s apparent attempt to
undercut established United
States policy on the truce nego
tiations, noted that Mr. Rhee
was speaking out on a subject
still under negotiation. At least,
the United States still feels that
it is negotiating in good faith
with Mr. Rhee.
Mr. Rhee’s action makes even
more tenuous the position of
You Chan Yang, the South Ko
rean Ambassador to Washington.
Mr. Yang has campaigned vig
orously on TV, radio and the
lecture platform for his govern
ment’s stand on the truce prob
lem. The United States Govern
ment considers some of his state
ments improper.
He’s Certain to Go.
It’s almost a sure bet that once
the Korean dispute eases. Mr.
Yang will leave Washington.
Perhaps a friendly hint at a
cocktail party would persuade
Seoul to recall Mr. Yang. The
United States would hate to
j throw him out.
i Washington has expelled only
* two Ambassadors for interfering
in American affairs. The first
was British Ambassador Lord
Sackville iin 1888. In the midst
of a political campaign, he made
a statement favoring the re
election of President Grover
Cleveland. Mr. Cleveland, al
though the beneficiary of the
statement, declared Losd Sack
ville personna non grata.
In 1915, the United States also
threw out Count Dumba, Am
bassador of Austria-Hungary, for
aldlcgedly inciting strikes here.
Defense Cuts to Release
20,000 Reserve Officers
By the Associated Pre»
Defense Department officials
said last night that more than
20,000 reserve officers will be
released during the next 12
months because of reduced ap
propriations.
The Navy, making the first
announcement of the cutback,
said it would affect about 6,000
reservists, from the rank of cap
tain down to lieutenant, junior
grade.
Army officials estimated about
10,000 of its reserve officers,
from colonels to lieutenants, will
be released. The Air Force put
its figure at about 4,500.
TVA Expert to Aid Africa
ACCRA, Gold Coast, British
West Africa, July 4 (/P).—The
Gold Coast has signed Dr. Arthur
Morgan, first chairman of Amer
ica’s Tennessee Valley Authority,
as an adviser on the Volta River
aluminum production project,
Prime Minister Kwame Njrumah
told parliament yesterday.
| Stocks in the Spotlight |
NEW YORK (*”>. Followinit ere the
sales 'add OO). high. low. closing price
and net change of the 20 most active
stocks for the week:
Sales. High. Low. Close. Chge.
N Y Central 1283 25% 24 25 + %
Graham Pge 85.3 1 % 1 'i I% %
Decca Rec 624 9% 8% P%- %
Duquesne Lt 645 27% 26% 27%+ 1%
Am Tel & T 485 153% 153% 153’., * %
Am Gas tc E 458 29 28*. 29 f %
Am Pw &Lt 450 2% 2% 2%
U 8 Leather. 439 15% 14 15*a -IS
Penn RR 383 21’. 20% 21% + %
20th Cent-Px 376 16% 15% 16%+ 1
West Union. 302 45% 43% 44%+ 1%
Gen Motors 288 60% 59% 59% ..
Gan Pub Util 268 25% 24% 25%+ %
Wlllys Over 250 16 15% 15% ...
Inti Tel * T 247 16% 16% 16%
Sou Rjr new. 243 47% 45% 4<% +l%
Soaony Vae _ 237 35% 34% 35% %
Std Oil NJ. 234 72% 71 72% + %
Crnurn Gas 230 13% 12% 13 -
South Pacific 226 46% 43% 44H— %
Horn* Delivery. Monthly Rate*. Event nt and Sunday. $1.7*1 Jfc P.RMTR
Evening* only. 51.30; Sunday only. 86e; N'shi Final. 10c Additional * vJXJAX X O
55-Cent Steak Meals
Halted as Services
i
Yield to Congress
New Regulations Call
For Prices in Line With
Operating Expenses
By John A. Giles
The Army and Air Force have
put in effect regulations demand
ed by Congress to put an end to
fancy meals at low cost for of
ficers and civilians.
And the Navy promised today
it would issue regulations to com
ply with a congressional act re
quiring that its prices more
nearly reflect actual operating
expenses and food costs.
All this was sad news for many
officers and civilians who have
enjoyed in the past a 55-cent
steak dinner in the service in
stallations.
Congress, thwarted in two
previous attempts to get the
military to bring this about, in
serted a section in this year’s
appropriation bill ordering that
the charge “shall in no case be
less than $2.25 per day.”
“The former rate of approxi
mately $1.45 per day has in the
past represented an indirect
Federal subsidy in the approxi
mate amount of $9.5 million per
year and indirectly charged to
the costs of enlisted personnel
messes.” the House Appropria
tions Committee said.
Awaits Senate Passage
Though the appropriations bill
has been passed only by the
House, Congress enacted a stop
gap resolution applying the eat
ing provision, along with several
others. In advance of final
Senate passage.
Some military establishments
already charge more than $2.25
a day but the overall average, as
the committee stated, is around
$1.45.
The Army and Air Force
moved immediately to put in the
new rates—ss cents for break
fast and 85 cents each for lunch
and dinner.
Rear Admiral E. A. Solomons,
Navy controller, said that serv
ice was “studying the provision
to try to get an interpretation
and the intent of Congress.”
Question Raised.
“The question is how to apply
it to certain of our messes,” he
added. He said the question of
whether or not officers attached
to an air group should be charged
the higher rate while tempor
(See MEALS, Page A-3.)
Clark Fears Move
To Free More POWs
By the Associated Press
TOKYO, Saturday, July 4.
A reliable source said today Gen.
Clark Is reinforcing prison guard
details in South Korea on the
possibility the government might
use force to release 8.000 remain
ing anti-Communist Korean
prisoners.
He added that Gen. Clark is
prepared to defend the camps if
the South Koreans try to force
any mass breaks.
A Republic of Korea spokes
man said the eight camps which
had held the anti-Communist
North Korean prisoners had been
consolidated into five.
Sources close to ROK Presi
dent Rhee denied a report that
the size of the national police
force was being increased by
draining troops from the army
However, officers at Gen.
Clark’s headquarters pointed out
that Rhee’s provost marshal, Lt.;
Gen. Won Young Dok. techni-1
cally is not under United Nations j
command. Won was directly re- j
sponsible for the release of the
anti-Communists twq weeks ago.
There was speculation that he i
might be planning to use his
national police force to release
the rest by force.
Today:
News About Real Estate
in the District Area
Pages B-l to B-6
Robertson Sees
Rhee Again in
Helpful' Talk
U. S. 'Compromise'
Offer on Armistice
Proposals Reported
BULLETIN
SEOUL <#). The United
States today was reported
ready to offer South Korean
President Rhee a two-point
compromise in which this
country would join South Ko
rea in walking out of a post
armistice political conference
with the Reds if, at the end of
90 days, there had been no
progress toward peaceful uni
fication of Korea, and. after
such a walkout “discuss” on a
diplomatic level resumption of
the war with understanding
that any such action would
have to be ratified by the
American Senate.
By the Associated Press
SEOUL, July 4. President
Eisenhower’s truce emissary was
j closeted for an hour and 25 min
[ utes with President Syngman
Rhee today and told newsmen
after he thought the session
would “be helpful in reaching a
satisfactory solution.”
Assistant Secretary of State
Walter Robertson would not say
I Rhee Still Hos Five Trump Cords to
Play. Page A-3.
whether he and Mr. Rhee found
away around the deadlock which
has stalemated efforts to win
South Korean support of an
armistice.
“I had a discussion which I
feel will be helpful in reaching
a satisfactory solution,” Mr, Rob
ertson said. He added that he
plans to see Mr. Rhee again.
Gen. Sun Yup Paik, South
Korea’s army chief of staff, said
, he and his army fully support
. Mr. Rhee and will fight on alone
! if Mr. Rhee orders it.
i!
Rhee Still Adamant.
South Korea’s foreign minister
Pyun Tai told newsmen Mr. Rhee
has not modified his demand for
a 90-day time lifciit on a post
armistice political conference. If
! unification of korea is not
' 1 achieved in 90 days, Mr. Rhee
I insists the Unite) Nations must
agree to resume the war.
! Mr. Robertson has flatly re
; jected Mr. Rhee’s demand, a
high U. N. sourre said, and the
resulting stalemate has threat
• ened to wreck the talks.
Before the eighth session in
; nine days began, Mr. Rhee hud
-1 died for more than two hours
; with his cabinet to discuss the
truce crisis.
j Foreign Minister Pyun attend
ed the session. And while he in
sisted that Mr. Rhee has not
’ softened his demands, he added:
“The very fact that we are
still continuing the discussions
proves that the talks are not
hopeless.”
Asked if the conferences will
end soon, Pyun replied: “I think
so.”
Peiping Continues Attack.
Peiping radio, the voice of Red
China, continued to blast Mr.
Rhee for his opposition to the
all-but-signed armistice. De
spite the conflict between the
; United States and South Korea
which the Robertson delegation
; l is attempting to smooth out.
Peiping insisted Mr. Rhee’s op
position is “a result of the United
| States connivance.”
But a Communist broadcast
mdhitored in Tokyo by the radio
press agency said “Rhee even at
j tacked Gen. Mark Clark . . . al
j though Clark has done nothing
; to trouble him. . . .”
Some observers speculated that
! the Reds might be planning to
sign the armistice even if South
j Korea refuses to co-operate.
India asked again yesterday
for an immediate session of the
U. N. Assembly to attempt to
untangle the Korean truce situa
tion. But official sources said
neither General Assembly Presi
dent Lester Pearson of Canada,
nor Secretary General Dag Ham
marskjold of Sweden, favor call
ing a session now. The United
States has opposed an Assembly
session at this time.
Truman Calls Off Stroll
Because of the Fourth
By tha Associated Prate
NEW YORK, July 4.—Harry
S. Truman called off his custom
, ary early morning walk today,
saying he wanteG newsmen cov
ering the strolls to have the holi
day off.
i The former President, on a va
! cation here, told the reporters
I yesterday:
“You fellows can have the day
; off because of the Fourth.”
A Missionary Is Saved
From Mau Mau Death
THE HUMAN SIDE OF RELIGION
—A minister's experience with the
, blood-oath of the Kikuyu Mau Maut
in East Africa and a story obout a
j Martin Luther movie ore featured in
a column by Church Editor Caspar
Nannes on page A-10.
Guide for Readers
Amusements ..A-7 Lost, Found A-3
Churches.. A-10-13 Obituary A S
Classified .1-7-13 Rodio-TV ... A-15
Comics ...A-14-15 Raal Estate. 8-1-6
Editorial A-4 Society A-13
Edit'l Articles.. A-5 Sports A-8-f

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