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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 09, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Clear and cooler tonight, lowest about
63. Tomorrow, fair and pleasant. (Full
report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 71 6 a.m... 68 11 a.m. _.76
2 a.m...68 8 a.m...70 Noon 77
4 a.m...68 10 a.m.._75 1 p.m. ..79
An Associated Press Newspaper
101st Year. No. 190.
First Visitors
Since Riots Let
Into East Berlin
16 Major Factories
Seriously Affected
By Sitdown Strikes
By th« Associated Pros*
BERLIN, July 9.—The Com
munists lifted the iron curtain
before riot-tom East Berlin to
day. permitting free western
travel into the Russian sector of
the divided city for the first
time since open rebellion brought
tank-enforced martial law three
weeks ago.
Border crossers said 16 major
factories in the Soviet-occupied
city still were seriosuly affected
by sitdown strikes which broke
out yesterday to demand release
of workers arrested in the June
revolt. Apparently the strikers
put little credence in the Red
zone government’s announce
ment last night that the “great
majority” of these had been re
leased.
Reports from the east zone
outside Berlin indicated . dozens
of plants in Jena, Magdeburg,
Leipzig, Halle, Brandenburg and
Dresden were hit by slowdowns
for the same reason. Refugees
said the Russians long since had
lifted martial law outside Berlin
but still maintained a four-hour
nightly curfew in Halle, where
rebellious workers set fire to the
giant Leuna chemical plant on
June 17,
Frontier Patrols Doubled.
Though Red German infantry
and police patrols were doubled
along the 27-mile frontier be
tween East and West Berlin, the
Communists paid scant atten
tion to the thousands again rid
ing the previously blocked ele
vated trains and subways across
the border.
Each automobile and truck at
the dozens of crossing points
was checked, however, and Red
Police Chief Waldemar Schmidt
declared on Radio Berlin that
“every Fascist provocateur and
propagandist will be arrested
and dealt with sternly.”
Restoration of the normal in
ter-sector travel had been a
secondary demand of the strik
ers yesterd&y. The Reds an
nounced they would accede only
a few hours after the sitdowns
started. West Berlin’s three al
lied commandants also had de
manded in two notes that the
blockade be ended.
Non-German Westerners’ first
peep inside the East since the
Jurie 17 outbreak revealed the
Communists’ puppet East Ger
man government had sealed itself
off. Heavily-armed East German
infantrymen ringed the regime’s
headquarters building—chief tar
get of the June 17 marchers—
and stopped all but recognized
Communist officials from ap
proaching.
No Red Soldiers in Sight.
There were no Russian soldiers
In sight, however, apparently in
token support for the satellite
government’s declaration that its
police would maintain law and
order in East Berlin. The Rus
sian army had done this job since
it roared in three weeks ago to
smash the bloody uprising.
Lifting of the border blockade
today canceled the last of the
emergency restrictions in East
Berlin, but Maj. Gen. P. T. Di
brova, the Red army comman
dant, has not yet formally de
clared an end to martial law in
the city.
lentil today, only persons with
special passes had been permitted
to cross the boundary, and these
went only to Germans working
across the frontier.
Grotewohl Regime Fearful.
The police cordon around the
East government’s Berlin head
quarters was a clear sign that
Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl’s
badly shaken regime still was
fearful of what the unarmed
public might do.
Refugees brought new reports
showing Russian dissatisfaction
with the government they so far
had kept in nominal power.
One worker from a cable fac
tory said three Russian officers
asked men at his plant why they
were dissatisfied. Before they
could get an answer, he said,
party and union leaders tried to
step in.
“The Russians shovetf them
aside,” this refugee said, "and
one of the officers shouted at
them, ‘get out of here, you’ve
caused enough trouble.’ ”
Quirino 'Comfortable'
After Ulcer Surgery
By th» As»ociattd Pr»»i
BALTIMORE. July 9.—Presi
dent Elpidio Quirino of the
Philippines rested comfortably
today, asleep most of the time,
after a 90-minute operation at
Johns Hopkins Hospital for the
removal of a stomach ulcer.
Doctors reported laboratory
examination of tissue from the
ulcer while Quirino still was on
the operating table showed the
growth was benign—not cancer
ous.
Punjab Heat Kills 111
LAHORE, Pakistan, July 9. (/P).
—Pakistan authorities say at
least 111 persons have died from
a heat wave in the northern
Punjab. The temperature soared
to a high of 111.2 in Peshawar
before rains Tuesday night
brought relief to the seared
region.
Phone ST. 3-5000 S s** WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1953—SEVENTY-TWO PAGES. 5 CENTS
Who Is J. B. Matthews?
Here Is the Story of Senator McCarthy's
'Star-Spangled American'
Who is this J. B. Matthews? What is this man who so
appeals to Senator McCarthy that the Wisconsin Republican
insists on retaining him as staff director of the Senate Inves
tigations subcommittee, despite the opposition of a majority
of the subcommittee’s members?
Senator McCarthy hitherto has gone out of his way to
avoid religious controversy. But last week, religious contro
versy was placed like a bomb on his doorstep. The American
Mercury magazine had published an article which opened
with these words:
“The largest single group supporting the Communist
apparatus in the United States is composed of Protestant
clergy.”
Author Once a Protestant Clergyman Himself.
J. B. Matthews, the man who wrote the article, was once
a Protestant clergyman himself, and his missionary zeal led
him to far-off Java.
But he tired of the church.
Jannk In the depths of the great
willPk depression, he turned to Marx-
JmmEk 'lll % ism. He also turned on the
: JpP faith he once had held.
MrIL ,yl| In 1935, he wrote a book
called “Partners in Plunder.”
Ifgyi One of the “partners” was the
if far church. He was as bitterly
jIB ■' critical of the institution then
wL g?: mm thews, in those days, the
church was an enemy of man
because it supported capital
ism.
fl| But he tired of Marxism.
He left off fellow-traveling
after a few years and turned
militant political right.
—star staff Photo. Once again he turned with a
J. B. MATTHEWS. vengeance on his former self.
This time his missionary zeal
carried him as far as the Dies Committee and, later, all the
way to Senator McCarthy.
Now He Says the Church Is Pro-Communist.
The church had not moved. But to J. B. Matthews, who
had leaped in a trice from one end of the political spectrum
to the other, it was still an enemy. Only now, it was an
enemy because it supported communism.
In the course of his varied career, Mr. Matthews has
paused now and then to write about himself with considerable
candor. He seems to recognize that a sort of neurotic insta
bility has characterized his activities. He is, he has explained,
a “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.” To Mr. Matthews, when he wrote
that in 1938, it seemed quite clear that the'Dr. Jekyll in him
was his new-found conservatism. To others, it may not be
quite so clear where the good doctor does come into the
picture.
Mr. Matthews describes himself as a constant seeker for
universal panaceas* ever hungry for extreme solutions to the
problems of the world. He has written: “The inevitable feeling
of inadequacy with respect to each succeeding panacea sug
gested that some more potent dosage of social medicine was
required by the patient. I have no difficulty in understand
ing those Americans of former generations who came under
the spell of the traveling medicine shows.”
The Star has endeavored here to assemble facts which
may shed some light on this complex personality, whose
attitudes have had an important effect, and may continue to
have an important effect, on the course of American affairs.
Mr. Matthews’ own views on high points of his life, obtained
in an interview with him yesterday, are set forth below in
italics.
Bible Belt Childhood in Conservative Setting.
Joseph Brown Matthews was born in Hopkinsville, in
the heart of the Kentucky Bible belt, on June 28, 1894. His
parents were Republican and Methodist. He was the third
of seven children.
After an upbringing strict even for the time and place,
he enrolled in a Methodist institution known as Asbury
College, at Wilmore, Ky. His major studies were Latin and
Greek. Mr. Matthews remembers that he had a college
student’s frivolous interest in extra-curricular activities and
(Continued on Page A-4, Column 1.)
U. S. Fails Its Responsibility
In Pollution Fight, Group Says
The Interstate Commission on
the Potomac River Basin charged
today that the Federal Govern
ment has failed in its respon
sibility to correct pollution in
Washington area streams.
Meeting here today, the com
mission said a three-man study
committee, appointed last year,
has found that the rivers in the
District area are continuing to
degrade despite abatement pro
grams.
The commission said that ex
panding population and lack of
funds have prevented adequate
pollution abatement facilities be
ing constructed.
The commission said the Fed
eral Government should be ex
pected to assume responsibility
in corrective measures in the
nearby areas, as well as in the
District.
Cites Federal Obligation.
It pointed out that Federal
installations in neighboring
areas contribute to the pollution
load. Since the Government
pays no taxes in these jurisdic
tions. the commission said, it
rightfully could be expected to
assist in financing abatement
facilities.
Asserting that the Federal Gov
ernment has recognized the need
for pollution abatement on a
national scale, the commission
said it has failed to meet its
commitments in Washington.
“The Washington area should
become a model fob the entire
country.” the commission said,
“and the Government should as
sume its full responsibility in see
ing that the District of Colum
bia take the lead in pollution
abatement work.”
The commission noted that
plans have been made for abate
ment facilities in the Washing
ton area, but construction of
these facilities has been slowed
because of lack of funds.
David V. Auld. District director
of sanitary engineering, said
funds for additional abatement
facilities are included in a $335
million public works program
Wf\t fuming
now before the Budget Bureau.
Mr. Auld explained that S7O
million of the total funds would
be used for sanitary and storm
sewers and abatement facilities
in the District.
He said that if these funds
art allowed Washington, by 1959
would provide 100 per cent co
operation in pollution abatement
in the metropolitan area.
He said this would mean the
correction of overloaded lines,
such as the Rock Creek line
which broke last year, and the
addition of secondary treatment
facilities at the Blue Plains sew
age disposal plant.
Would Cut Pollution.
Completion of these projects
would provide up to 92 per cent
removal of the pollution load
into the Potomac River, Mr.
Auld said.
Mr. Auld pointed out that
funds for the work proposed in
the District must be approved
by Congress.
Earlier this week Senators
Humphrey, Democrat, of Minne
sota, and Morse, Independent, of
Oregon said the Government
had failed to lead the way in
pollution control in the Wash
ington area. They said,that in
stead of setting a good example,
the Government had set a bad
example of pollution control.
The commission announced
the following changes in mem
bership :
J. R. Hoffert, Pennsylvania
health department chief en
gineer, replaces Gard Knox, for
mer commission chairman, as
member from Pennsylvania.
John Rockwell replaces former
State Senator George Williams
; as commissioner from West Vir
j ginia.
Mr. Auld replaces the late
Harold A. Kemp as commission
er from the District.
Oliver Gasch, member from
the District, resigned.
Mr. Gasch, former District
corporation counsel, has become
assistant United States Attorney
for the District of Columbia. He
i will continue to serve as com
mission counsel. .
lop Delegates
Reopen Truce
Talks Tonight
Clark Still Unable
To Win Rhee # but
Ultimatum Is Denied
By tk* Associated Press
SEOUL, July 9.—Allied and
Communist negotiators return to
Panmunjom in a few hours to
resume negotiations on final de--
tails of a Korean armistice which
South Korea has bitterly as
sailed and said it will not
recognize.
The United Nations Command
said full-scale truce talks—re-
Doring U. S. Attack Fails to Burn Reds
Off Porkchop Hill. Page A-3
Two Republicans Demand Red China Be
Made Party to Truce. Page A-6
cessed on June 20—will get un
derway at 11 a.m. tomorrow (10
p.m. EDT today).
The meeting presumably was
arranged during a 15-minute
liaison officers’ session at Pan
munjom today. But the official
U. N. spokesman refused to say
more than that the meeting was
held “for administrative pur
poses only.”
Talks With Rhee Fail.
Announcement that the truce
talks would resume came a few
hours after a top-level U. N.
delegation headed by Gen. Mark
Clark tried again to win Presi
dent Syngman Rhee’s support of
a truce. They apparently failed.
A highly-placed South Korean
source said Mr. Rhee still is
holding out despite United
States offers of a military se
curity pact, “substantial” eco
nomic aid and equipping and
training of four more divisions
for the 16-division South Korean
army.
The source told Associated
Press Correspondent Bill Shinn
that Mr. Rhee still is insisting
that his country “must have
from America concrete assur
ance that Korea will be unified”
—peacefully or by force. He
added that the 15-day talks be
tween Mr. Rhee and President
Eisenhower’s special truce envoy
are deadlocked.
Ultimatum to Rhee Denied.
An authoritative source said
Gen. Clark handed Mr. Rhee an
important letter dealing with
South Korea’s objections to an
armistice. But an official spokes
man said emphatically that the
letter was not an ultimatum to
Mr. Rhee to accept present truce
terms.
Informed quarters here specu
lated that allied liaison officers
asked the Reds at Panmunjom
today when Polish and Czech
members of the neutral nations
supervisory commission can start
work.
Gen. Clark, in a June 29 letter
to the Reds proposing that a
truce be signed now, suggested a
meeting to discuss when the neu
tral commission can start func
tioning.
Representatives from Switzer
land, Sweden, India, Poland and
Czechoslovakia will supervise an
armistice.
It was possible the Reds would
call a truce meeting Friday.
Clark Returns to Tokyo.
The U. N. command asked for
today's liaison session after the
Reds said yesterday they were
ready to resume the full truce
talks, which were recessed June
20 after Mr. Rhee ordered the
release of some 27,000 anti-Red
North Korean war prisoners.
Gen. Clark flew back to Tokyo
late today after his 22-minute
conference with Mr. Rhee.
Assistant Secretary of State
Walter Robertson, President
Eisenhower’s truce emissary,
leaned from his car as it sped
from Mr. Rhee’s hilltop mansion
and told newsmen:
“The same as yesterday.”
U. N. generals and statesmen
have failed to budge Mr. Rhee’s
insistence that the United States
agree to resume tHe war unless
a post-armistice political con
ference progresses toward unifi
cation of Korea in three months.
Attending the conference with
Gen. Clark and Mr. Robertson
were United States Ambassador
to Korea Ellis O. Briggs and
Robert Murphy, political adviser
to Gen. Clark.
The chairman of the U. N.
truce delegation, Lt. Gen. Wil
liam K. Harrison, flew here for
conferences with Gen. Clark be
fore the U. N. commander re
turned to Tokyo.
The letter Gen. Clark delivered
to Mr. Rhee was secret, but re
liable sources said it dealt with
the 14-day-old secret talks be
tween Mr Rhee and Mr. Rob
ertson.
The President’s truce envoy
said flatly that the letter was
not an ultimatum.
When he arrived in Korea,
Gen. Clark told newsmen he had
received no new instructions.
But Washington reports said
President Eisenhower and his top j
advisers had been closeted to!
draft new instructions for Gen. !
Clark following receipt of the;
Communist letter saying thej
Reds were prepared to restart the
machinery for completing an I
armistice.
The Red letter made it clear,
however, that the U. N. com
mand must shoulder the respon
sibility for seeing that South
Korea observes the terms of an
armistice. It also called for the
allies to see that no more anti- j
Red prisoners escape and to as
sume responsibility for rounding i
up the 27,000 now at large, e 1
I FEEL I «ave
/ NO RIGHT OF
/%, CENSORSHIP
Summerfield Will Be On Hand
When the Soap Box Racers Roll
Postmaster General,
Ex-Chevrolet Dealer,
To Address Drivers
An old hand with a keen eye
for rolling stock will be sitting
on the sidelines at the Wash
ington Soap Box Derby the day
after tomorrow.
Arthur E. Summerfield, who as
Postmaster General of the United
Soap Box Darby Picture. Page A-2
States, has thousands of trucks,
buses, scooters and wagons under
his direction, has said he will
attend the race.
Mr. Summerfield once oper
ated one of the largest Chevrolet
dealerships in America at Flint,
Mich.
But his interest in the Wash
ington Derby is not official, nor
Red Threat May Last
For 10 More Years,
Stassen Testifies
Warns Against Ending
Foreign Aid Program
While Danger Remains
By J. A. O'Leary
Mutual Security Director Stas
sen told Congress today the
Soviet threat Is likely to con
tinue for 10 years and warned
against ending the foreign aid
program while that threat re
mains.
He was the first witness before
the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee on the foreign aid money
bill for the next 12 months.
Secretary of State Dulles is
scheduled to testify later in the
day.
In his first hour on the stand,
Mr. Stassen was subjected to a
rapid crossfire of questions,
which bore out predictions that
the appropriating committees
may cut foreign aid fund well
below the approximately $5 bil
lion expected to be fixed in a
separate enabling act as the
ceiling.
Terms of Enabling Act.
In the enabling act,, still in
disagreement between the two
branches, both houses have
voted to terminate foreign aid
spending in 1956 or 1957.
Senator Dirksen, Republican,
of Illinois, asked Mr. Stassen if
he approved of this action. *
The director replied that Con
gress should pass on the program
annually, but he added that there
is nothing in the world picture
today from which he can foresee
ending of the program within a
year or two. To terminate it
while the Soviet threat exists
he said, would be to “abdicate
the leadership of the United
States.”
“Do you have any idea when
we can end the program?” asked
(See FOREIGN AID. Page A-ll.)
Senator Taft Progressing
After New York Surgery
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. July 9 —Senator
Taft, Republican, of Ohio was
reported progressing satisfactor
ily today after an exploratory
operation.
A New York Hospital bulletin
said:
“Senator Taft had a good
night and continued to progress
satisfactorily. His blood pressure,
pulse and body temperature are
normal. He is cheerful this
morning and lying semi-upright
in bed, reading the newspaper.”
An exploratory operation in
volving the abdominal wall was
performed yesterday to obtain
precise information concerning
Senator Taft’s hip ailment.
Derby Facts
Race Course: Between
Texas avenue and Carpenter
street on Pennsylvania ave
nue S.E.
Race Time: First heat at
10 «.m. Championship heat
about 5 p.m.
Drivers: Boys must re
port to starting line by 9 a.m.
Spectators: Admission
free. Refreshment and com
fort stations will be provided.
is he looking for used cars: He
just likes to see the racers roll.
Mr. Summerfield has had
plenty of experience with small
fry races. For many years he
acted as a judge in the Flint
derby
He plans to talk to some of the
(See DERBY, Page A-2.)
U. S. Controller Recovers
$56.7 Million in Year
By the Associated Press
Controller General Lindsay C.
-Warren said today that during
the year ended June 30 his office
recovered $56,750,063 which Gov
ernment agencies had paid out
“either illegally or erroneously.”
Mr. Warren heads the General
Accounting Office, set up by
Congress to keep tabs on the
propriety of Government spend
ing.
He said the year’s recoveries
brought to a total of $845,353,514
the sums collected since he went
into office in November, 1940.
The recovered money goes into
the Treasury.
1,300 Escaped POWs
Return From ROK Army
By th* Associated Press
PUSAN, Korea, July 9.—About
1,300 anti-Communist prisoners
of war who escaped from allied
stockades returned to Pusan to
day from a South Korean army
replacement center.
They were reassigned to civil
ian homes where they were
sheltered and fed after their
escape last month.
South Korea’s Defense Min
ister has issued orders banning
the enlistment of former pris
oners in the army. He said those
already enlisted must be dis
charged.
About 27,000 anti-Red pris
oners fled from United Nations
stockades in mass breakouts or
dered by Syngman Rhee in a
protest against an armistice ne
gotiated at Panmunjom.
Defense Output Cut
Heavily in Michigan
By the Auocioted Pr»»»
DETROIT. July 9.—The De
troit ordnance tank-automotive
center today announced drastic
cuts in tank and truck produc
tion contracts.
Brig. Gen. Carroll H. Deitrick,
center commander, said the cuts
which he estimated at three
quarters of the center’s current
$l6O-million-a-month total, were
directed by Washington.
Gen. Deitrick said the brunt
of the defense spending cuts
would be felt in Detroit and
Southeastern Michigan plants.
The center, however, places de
fense contracts at productions
centers across the Nation.
The cutback was understood
to have come about under a re
duced Defense Department
budget and a directive by De
fense Secretary Wilson for con
i solidation of the types of Army
j trucks and vehicles,
i Gen. Deitrick said the reduc
tions would cut some SSOO mil
lion a year off the tank-automo
-1 tive centers’ spending program.
Todays
A Story-Picture Analysis
of the Route 240 Fight
See Page A-23
New York Markets, Pages A-28-29
Planners Reject Plea
To Reconsider Stand
On Route 240 Now
Remon Suggests Staffs
Os Maryland and Capital
Groups Study Issue
By George Beveridge
The National Capital Planning
Commission today rejected a re
quest that it meet immediately
to reconsider its opposition to
the controversial southeast leg
of Route 240.
Acting Commission Chairman
John A. Remon wrote Maryland
Roads Commissioner Russell H.
McCain that such a meeting
could “serve no useful purpose.”
Instead, he suggested that
technical staffs of his group and
the roads commission get to
gether for across-the-table talks
to try to work out the contro
versy. Mr. Remon wrote that it
would be a calamity if the dis
pute over the road had to be
settled in courts and added:
“A full exchange of Informa
tion and ideas might induce
either of our agencies to revise
its view of this matter.”
Green to Ask Retirement.
In another development, mean
while, it was learned that
Richard F. Green, veteran parks
commissioner in Montgomery and
Prince Georges Counties, intends
to ask to be retired soon from
that post and as vice chairman
of the Maryland-National Capital
Park and Planning Commission.
The Maryland planning group
has differed sharply with Mr.
Remon’s planning commission
and has indorsed the disputed
Route 240 project. Mr. Green
was one of two Montgomery
County members strongly dis
senting from this indorsement.
It was understood that Mr.
Green will seek retirement, how
ever, for health reasons. He re
portedly has intended to retire
for some time. He is 69 years old
and has been a member of the
planning body 19 years. He has
been park commissioner two
years.
President of Bank.
Mr. Green, has been devoting
most of his time to the park
and planning job, although he is
compensated only for half-time
work. For many years, he has
been president of the Farmers’
Bank and Trust Co. in Rockville.
It was in view of the Mary
land planning group’s indorse
ment of the Route 240 project,
meanwhile, that Mr. McCain
asked the national commission
to reconsider its rejection of the
plan. The request was made a
few days ago.
The roads commission plan
would bring a leg of Route 240
through parts of Rock Creek
Park in Maryland, and across
North Chevy Chase to the East-
West highway. The intention is
that it would join a proposed
high-speed expressway through
Rock Creek Park to downtown
Washington.
Mr. Remon made it plain his
group is not backing up in its
: opposition to such a route. He
| stressed, however, that there is
!no objection to having the
Route 240 leg come far enough
south to join a proposed cross
county belt highway in Rock
Creek Park between Wisconsin
avenue and the Walter Reed
Hospital annex at Forest Glen.
Wants More Information.
But he said he wants more
information on the points at
which these routes meet. Mr.
Remon said he wants especially
to know about ”a report" that
Route 240 and the inter-county
belt would run a short distance
as parallel and completely sep
arate roadways. Members of the
planning groups heretofore had
understood the two routes
would merge on common ground
I through the narrow park strip.
One member of the Maryland
planning commission told The j
I (See PLANNERS, Page I
4-Hour Debate
On Profits Tax
Set Tomorrow
House Rules Group
Bars Amendments;
Reed Blasts Bill
BULLETIN
The excess-profits tax ex
tension bill was cleared by
the House Rules Committee
today for four hours of gen
eral debate in the House
tomorrow. Under the rule
granted, no amendments will
be permitted but opponents
would have an opportunity to
move to send the bill back to
the Ways and Means Com
mittee for further considera
tion.
By Robert K. Walsh
Brushing aside charges that
the Ways and Means Committee
was used as a “rubber-stamp,”
the House Rules Committee to
day prepared to clear the excess
profits tax extension bill for
House action tomorrow.
The rules group—after an
opening hearing at which Ways
and Means Committee Chair
man Reed was conspicuous by
his absence but not by his silence
—indicated it would allow six
hours of House debate but not
! a minute on any amendment
move. The committee went into
closed session after the hearing.
Mr. Reed was presiding at an
open hearing of his own com
mittee on general tax-revision
matters. But he sent over a
minority report against the 16-
to-9 vote by which his group
yesterday reported out the six
months extension measure, de
spite his rugged opposition.
Deplores Rubber-Stamp Role.
“We deplore relegating the
great Committee on Ways and
Means to the status of a rubber
stamp,” he declared in a state
ment signed also by Republican
Representatives Jenkins of Ohio
and Mason of Illinois.
“The majority of the Ways
and Means Committee appar
ently wants to reverse the roles
of the executive and the legis
lative branches. They are ask
ing this House to execute an
order made by the executive.
We, the minority, believe that
we cannot delegate our legis
lative functions to the executive
or any other branch. Certainly
this is particularly true with
respect to revenue legislation,
jurisdiction of which under the
Constitution, is specifically vested
in the House. Our duty compels
us to oppose the majority’s un
precedented and unwarranted
action.”
By-passing Averted.
The Rules Committee meeting
was in marked contrast to a
June 25 session, at which the
rules group cleared a resolu
tion to bring a tax-extension bill
to the House floor. That move
to by-pass the Ways and Means
Committee was abandoned later
by the House leaders when they
received assurances that enough
Republicans and Democrats on
the Ways and Means Committee
would join in reporting out a
bill, as was done yesterday.
Representatives Kean, Repub
lican, of New Jersey, and Coop
er, Democrat, of Tennesse, asked
the Rules Committee for a closed
rule that would prevent amend
ments on the House floor. Rep
resentative Smith of Virginia,
and Madden of Indiana, both
Democratic members of the
Rules Committee, indicated that
they might oppose such a ban.
Mr. Smith wanted to know why
the Rules Committee was being
asked to allow six hours of gen
eral debate “if the members can
only talk but not do anything
about changing the bill.”
Must Bar Amendment.
Mr. Cooper replied that experi
ence has shown that the only
practical way of handling a tax
bill on the House floor is to
close the door against unlimited
amendment attempts.
The bill reported out by the
Ways and Means Committee was
introduced originally by Mr.
Kean. It provides only for a
six-month extension of the ex
cess profits levy, retroactive to
July 1, as President Eisenhdwer
requested. The Ways and Means
Committee yesterday voted down
several attempts to amend the
(See TAXES, Page A-8.)
Route 240 Dispute,
And What It Means
HIGHWAY DISPUTE—Whot it
Maryland’s Route 240 fight all about?
What are the issues behind the loud
voices of protest? The Star presents
an up-to-the-minute report on the
bitter controversy in a full-page
presentation on page A-23.
HARD MONEY—The administra
tion’s drive against inflation is shift
ing the American economy into new
patterns which may have profound
effects on your pocketbook and the
Republican Party's chances of success
in 1954 and 1956. Sfoff Writer James
Y. Newton analyzes the trend in the
last of a series of three articles on
page A-6.
Guide for Readers
Amuse'nts B-18-19 Lost, Found A-3
Classified . C-4-12 Obituary A-26
Comics ..-A-34-35 Radio-TV A-33
Editorial A-22 Sports C-l-3
Edit'l Articles A-21 Woman's
Financial A-28-29; Section .^(-1-4

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