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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 16, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny and not as •warm today, high 82.
Fair tonight, low 64. Tomorrow, sunny
and warm. 'Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures.
Noon -_ 88 6 p.m 91 11 p.m 81
2 p.m 91 8 p.m 83 Midnight 80
4 p.m 91 10 p.m 83 1 a.m 78
101st Year. No. 228. Phone ST. 3-5000
U. S., Allies Near Compromise
Paving Way for Bid to Russia
To Participate in Korean Parley
Inclusion of Reds
May Stir Talks on
Other Asia Issues
By James E. Roper
Star Staff Correspondent
UNITED NATIONS. N. Y..
Aug. 15.—The United States and
its allies in the Korean war to
day virtually completed a
compromise plan that would let
the Soviet Union participate in
the political conference growing
out of the Korean truce.
This would ppen the way for
the conference to tackle a
U. N. Session Will Test Red Intentions
in Orient. Page A-9
variety of Far Eastern disputes
ranging far beyond the im
mediate problem of Korea.
The compromise developed
dating a three-hour closed meet
ing of the 16 foreign nations that
sent troops to the aid of South
Korea.
They agreed that a series of
resolutions should be placed be
fore the United Nations General
Assembly which convenes here
Monday in a special session.
China Reds May Attend.
One resolution would appoint
about 10 countries to represent
the U. N. at the political confer
ence. Another resolution would
invite the Soviet Union and, in
a separate paragraph, India, to
join in the conference as indi
vidual states representing only
themselves.
The Communist side in the
Korean war would select its own
conference delegates, presumably
representatives of North Korea
and the Chinese Communist
“volunteer” armies.
The United States will join
In sponsoring the resolution to
appoint U. N.’s “fighting” repre
sentatives.
Until today, the United States
has objected to any U. N. in
vitation to Russia. But diplo
mats who attended today's ses
sion said the United States now
has agreed that it will not op
pose the resolution inviting the
Soviets to attend the conference.
Somebody other than the United
States, however, will have to
sponsor the invitation to Moscow.
U. S. Opposes Seat For India
The United States still dis
likes the idea of inviting India,
and may vote against India's
participation. If the United
States makes too big a fuss over
this issue, India might withdraw
from the contest.
While several agreements in
principle were reached at today's
meeting, the resolutions will not
be put into final form until to
morrow when the 16 allies again
meet in closed session. They
hope to have the resolutions—
and something of a united
front—ready for the General
Assembly a few hours after it
meets.
In going along with the back
door invitation for Russia to at
tend the political conference,
the United States is backing off
from its stand that the talks
should be a two-sided affair:
the United Nations versus the
Communists.
Wide Open Conference.
Great Britain and a number
of other Western nations have
felt, however, that more could
be accomplished if the confer
ence became a round-table af
fair with Russia and India par
ticipating. This would make the
conference fully competent to
deal with most Far Eastern
problems. And this is what
Great Britain wants.
The United States has tried
to shy away from such a wide
open conference, apparently in
line with the American policy
of delaying any high-level, face
to-face meeting with the Rus
sians.
The Western powers, in addi
tion to sponsoring the resolu
tions for membership of the
political conference, will offer
a resolution commending the
troops that went to South Ko
rea’s defense.
The West seems unanimous in
wanting to let the political con
ference itself decide its own
agenda and meeting place. The
General Assembly almost cer
tainly would fall into a brawl
here if it tried to specify an
agenda for the conference.
Joey the Tortoise
* Lives 13 Years
In Bomb Rubble
By tho Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 15.—A German
incendiary bomb tumbled on Ed
ward Johnstone’s home in the
Hounslow section of London 13
years ago.
Part of the Johnstone house
was wrecked and Joey the Tor
toise—a wonderful little pet
even if he was slow on his feet—
was buried under the rubble.
Joey was missing and pre
sumed dead. Thirteen years
passed and Joey was a faint
memory.
Today, Mr. Johnstone, rebuild
ing his house, found Joey—alive
and well and hiding in a drain
pipe-
Red Historians Hurry to Revise
Books Heaping Praise on Beria
Purged Leader Now Must Be Labeled
As 'Criminal' and 'Degenerate Tool'
By William L. Ryan
Associated Press Staff Writer
It’s going to cost a pretty
kopeck to purge Lavrenti Pavlo- !
vich Beria.
It will be one of the toughest
jobs today in the Soviet Union,
and it will fall, primarily, to a
man named P. K. Ponomarenko,
the minister of culture.
The process of purging does
not mean simply arresting and
trying the former interior min
ister and police boss. It means
expunging the record of Beria,
which is a real tough operation.
The job already has begun, at
home and abroad. Word from
Paris, relayed by correspondents
of the National Committee for
a Free Europe, is that a team of
Communists, led by a high
ranking Soviet embassy official,
is busy buying up all existing
copies of books mentioning Beria.
This will be repeated in many
capitals, and throughout the
Soviet Union the party will have
a monumental job gathering in
the remnants.
One of the books the agents
seek is Volume 5 of the “Great
Soviet Encyclopedia,” a work
which apparently never will be
really finished. Every time the
2 Belvoir Soldiers
Die, 7 Others Hurt
In Head-on Crash
Victims Are Pinned
Beneath Wreckage in
Fairfax Smashup
Two Fort Belvoir soldiers were
killed and seven other persons j
were severely injured last night
in a two-car crash on No. 1
highway in Fairfax County
about one mile north of Wood
bridge, Va.
Virginia State police identi
fied the dead men as Pfc. Fred
Picture on Page A-2.
J. Erwin and Corpl. Paul R.
Baker. They were pronounced
dead at the scene and their
bodies were taken to Demaine’s
Funeral Home in Alexandria. The
soldiers were pinned beneath the
wreckage for nearly an hour be
fore rescuers could remove them.
The seven injured persons in
cluded six members of one fam
ily: Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Schwarz of Lewis Heights, Fort
Belvoir; their three children,
Robert, jr. p 12; David, 6, and
John, 10, and Mrs, Schwarz’
mother, Mrs. Margaret Patton.
Mr. Schwarz is a civilian em
ploye at Fort Belvoir. The sev
enth injured person was Sergt.
George M. Jordan, jr., of the
Engineer Center Regiment at
Fort Belvoir. Police said he was
riding in the car with the two
soldiers who were, killed.
Hall’s ambulance from Occo
quan and the Penn Daw Rescue
Squad took the injured to Alex
andria and Fort Belvoir Hos
pitals.
Rescuers said the injured were
strewn across ttte highway when
the first ambulances arrived.
The two cars were traveling
in opposite directions and col
lided headon. The crash oc
curred on a sloping curve where
No. 1 highway passes under the
R. F. & P. railroad tracks.
3 B-36 Crash Survivors
Welcomed at Montreal
By the Associated Press
MONTREAL. Aug. 15.—Three
rescued United States airmen j
stepped off the British freighter !
Manchester Pioneer today, 10
days after their RB-36 recon
naisance plane crashed flaming
into the Atlantic Ocean 400 miles
west of Scotland.
They are Maj. George B.
Parkes, 35, of Vacaville, Calif.;
S/Sergt. Charles M. DeHaven,
24, of Stroudsburg, Pa., and Air
man 1/c Harold E. Parker of
Fairfield, Calif.
The three were picked up by
the Pioneer hours after their
converted bomber broke up in
the choppy seas.
Nineteen men were lost. One
other survivor. S Sergt. Roy O.
Speer of Bennington. Okla., was
picked up by a sister-ship of the
Pioneer—the Manchester Ship
per—and taken to Liverpool.
Sergt. DeHaven’s parents and
a delegation of United States Air
Force men under Lt. Col. Clar
ence E. Becker, leader of the
72nd Reconnaisance Squadron,
welcomed the battered but
I healthy survivors ashore.
W\t Sunday Sflaf
*★ S , WASHINGTON, D. C., AUGUST 16, 1953—148 PAGES.
Russians get somewhere with it,
somebody is purged and the
whole thing starts over again.
After many revisions required
by Stalin’s purges, the great So
viet Encyclopedia finally reached
the eighteenth of 50 projected
volumes. Volume 5 concerns the
letter “B” and, naturally, Beria
is in there, along with a big
full-page, idealized portrait.
The encylopedia embarrass
ingly refers to Beria as “one of
the outstanding leaders of the
CPSU (Communist Party of the
Soviet Union) and the Soviet
government, loyal follower and
close companion-in-arms of J. V.
Stalin. . . It lists his medals,
his achievements, his honors and
calls him all sorts of glowing
names.
Now Beria becomes “criminal,”
a “degenerate tool of the im
perialists,” a "vile enemy of the
people and state, and an un
bridled adventurer.” These are
among the milder epithets.
So the Communist agents at
home and abroad are calling in
all sorts of books. Among them
are “The History of the October
Revolution” (three volumes) and
(See BERIA, Page A-5.)
Giant Carrier Joins
In Rushing Aid to
Island Quake Victims
Light Tremors Continue
As Rescue Teams Speed
Food, Medical Attention
By th« Associated Press
ATHENS, Greece. Aug. 15.
The United States Aircraft Car
rier Franklin D. Roosevelt joined
the international mercy fleet off
the lonian islands today to serve
as a floating base for air relief
of the quake-stricken people.
The 45,000-ton giant from the
6th Fleet and seven supporting
ships dropped anchor at Argos
tolion, the ruined chief port of
Cephalonia, to help ease the
misery left there and on the
neighboring islands of Ithaca
and Zante by earthquakes esti
mated to have killed more than
1,000 persons.
More than 40 other ships
American, British, Israeli and
| Greek were already on the
scene, with labor details, medical
teams and kitchen crews seeking
to bring order from the chaos.
Situation Still Serious.
Vice Admiral John H. Cassady,
commander of the 6th Fleet, said
the situation “still is serious,” but
the relief operation now is func
tioning smoothly and the tempo
is increasing.
Thousands of Greeks jammed
churches today for two prayers
—one for the quake victims and
! the other commemorating the
j Feast of the Virgin Mary. Au
gust 15 is the most important
| religious day of the year in the
! Greek Orthodox Church.
Some after shocks still rum
; bled in the islands, where many
? among the population of 120,000
have had no shelter and little
food for six days. Rescue teams
reached one group of 200 sur
vivors who had had nothing to
eat for 48 hours. Mirror flashes
in the sun and waving shirts
showed airlift pilots the location
of other groups seeking succor.
Tremors Diminish.
Officials of the Athens Ob
servatory would not say the
quake danger was completely
passed, but expressed the view
there probably won’t be any
further big ones immediately.
Instruments have recorded 110
tremors during the week, rang
ing in intensity from “destruc
: tive” to this morning’s “feeble.”
In a report to the Government,
seismologist Angelos Galano
poulos said “poor construction of
homes on the three islands, as
well as a poor choice in the selec
tion of sites for these homes,”
contributed to the extent of the
destruction.
He added that the entire area
had been weakened by abnorm
ally heavy rainfall this year. In
the mountain districts, he said,
the most damage was caused by
falling rocks.
No Epidemic Seen.
Despite the acute shortage of
food and water, the general
health of the survivors was re
ported standing up well. The
British Embassy said British
rescue forces operating on each
I of the three islands had seen no
indication of the beginning of
any epidemic.
The Supreme Rescue Co-or
dinating Council, an agency on
which Greece, the United States
and Britain are represented,
formally asked the Greek gov
• (See QUAKE, Page A-2J
jr%
Pella Names
Italian Cabinet,
De Gasperi Out
New Premier Admits
Future Is Dubious;
Faces Early Test
By tha Associated Press
ROME. Aug. 15.—Giuseppe
Pella, veteran budget minister,
accepted the premiership of
Italy tonight and announced his
new cabinet. It did not include
former Premier Alcide De Gas
peri in the Foreign Ministry, as
had been expected.
Pella, 51-year-old architect of
the nation’s post-war financial
recovery, told President Luigi
Einaudi he would take for him
self the Presidency of the Coun
cil and the ministries of foreign
affairs and the budget.
Mr. De Gasperi, who was left
on the sidelines by the new gov
ernment, had been president of
eight postwar Italian cabinets
and foreign minister for the past
four years.
Mr. Pella said he would pre
sent his new ministers to be
sworn in on Monday. The new
cabinet, put together after a 19-
day government crisis. faceT its
test for life in the Senate and
Chamber of Deputies Tuesday or
Wednesday.
New Cabinet Listed.
The new cabinet:
Giuseppe Pella—Premier. Min
ister of Foreign Affairs, Minister
of Budget (formerly Minister of
Budget).
Pietro Camp ill i Minister
without portfolio (unchanged
from previous cabinet).
Salvatore Sco ca— Minister
without portfolio (new).
Amintore Fanflni—Minister of
Interior (unchanged).
Antonio Azara—Minister of
Justice (new).
Ezio Vanoni—Finance Minis
ter (unchanged).
Silvio Gava Minister of
Treasury (former Minister of
Industry and Commerce).
Paolo Emilio Taviani—Minis
ter of Defense (former Minister
of Foreign Commerce)?
Antonio Segni—Minister of
Public Instruction (new but held
same post in DeGasperi’s sev
enth cabinet).
Rocco Salomone—Minister of
Agriculture and Forests (un
changed). *
Fernando Mattarella—Minis
ter of Transport (former Minis
ter of Merchant Marine).
Giuseppe Spataro Minister
of Posts and Cotrimunications
(former Minister of Public
Works).
Pietro Malvestiti—Minister of
Industry and Commerce (new).
Leopoldo Rubinacci—Minister
of Labor (unchanged).
Constantino Bresciani Tur
roni—Minister of Foreign Trade
(new).
Fernando Tamproni, Minister
of Merchant Marine (new).
Sees Temporary Status.
Mr. Pella indicated clearly he
expects his new government to
be only a temporary one to deal
with Italy’s urgent budget mat
ters and seek to avoid a clash in
parliament on bitter political
cleavages.
He said he tried to form the
government of “experts.” Called
into it were many of the min
isters of Mr. De Gasperi’s last
All-Christian Democrat party
cabinet. No other parties got
cabinet posts.
"Many whom I asked to serve
refused to undertake this new
fatigue,” Mr. Pella said.
That was believed to refer
(See ROME, Page A-5.)
Diggings in Illinois Reveal
Complete Record of Indian Era
By th« Associated Press
PRAIRIE DU ROCHER. 111.,
Aug. 15.—Scientists said today a
prehistoric Indian site near here
has yielded a complete record of
American Indians of the Archaic
culture period dating from 5,000
to 1,500 B. C. The site is about
50 miles south of St. Louis.
It was termed a “major arche
ological find unique in North
America,” affording a consecu
tive record of the second oldest
Indian culture.
The oldest culture is the so
called Folsom or Paleo-Indian
period dating back to about
12.000 B. C.
Howard D. Winters, a research
assistant in anthropology at the
University of Chicago, and John
Buettner-Janusch, a research as
sistant at the University of Utah
Medical School, led a party of
13 young men and women in
excavating the site. They have
been working since June 15.
Mr. Winters said skeletons of
three adults, one adolescent and
two children were found at the
site, which is located at the base
\
. . Divided, We Fall!"
Bouncing Checks on Increase
Here, Merchants Are Warned
Survey Shows More People Are Offenders
As Money Tightens Up and Savings Fade
By Miriam Ottenberg
A sharp Increase in bouncing
checks was reported here yes
terday by police and credit offi
cials.
A Star survey showed more
people are trying to pass bad
checks and a lot more are in
tentionally overdrawing their
bank accounts in Washington.
Police, Credit Bureau and store
spokesmen all attributed the in
crease to money getting tighter,
jobs fewer and savings accounts
being squeezed by high prices.
Actual police statistics, com
paring the year ending in June
with the previous fiscal year,
show only a slight increase in
the number of bad checks report
ed, but a 52 per cent increase in
their face value.
These statistics—as far as the
number of cases goes—do not re
flect the whole picture because
merchants frankly admit they
aren’t reporting every case. And
the statistics do not show checks
that bounce because of “insuffi
cient funds” but later are made
good.
The Credit Bureau reported a
"tremendous increase” in the
number of bad checks being
passed here, starting about Febr
uary 1. A bureau spokesman
said at least twice, and perhaps
three times as many, have beep
passed in the past six months
as in a comparable period pre
viously.
This fits with reports from
all over the country.
The Credit Bureau, which
warns stores every time it re
ceives a report of a bad check,
said it is sending out three or
U. S., Venezuela Sign
Air Transport Accord
By tho Associated Press
CARACAS, Venezuela, Aug.
15.—The United States and
Venezuela signed an air trans
port agreement last night de
signed to broaden air travel be
tween the two countries.
The pact was signed by
Venezuelan Foreign Minister Au
reliano Otanez and United
States Ambassador Fletcher
Warren.
Under the agreement the Air
line of Venezuela (LAV) will be
able to make stops at Miami,
New Orleans and New York.
Meanwhile, Pan American
Airlines is expected to inaugu
rate a non-stop Caracas-New
York riofi shortly.
of an 82-foot bluff. The bones
were sent to Springfield, 111., for
examination.
Mr. Winters said all had been
buried in the flexed position,
knees against the chin. The find
was made in an excavation 25 Va
feet deep. ,
The chronology of the site was
established, Mr. Winters said, by
comparison with other sites of
the Archaic period. Dates of the
finds will be checked by radio
carbon methods, using bits of
charred wood found on the
scene.
Rarest finds at the site near
the Mississippi River were spear
thrower weights, small bits of
stone used as a balance in throw
ing spears. Mr. Winters said
further digging might reveal
evidence of Folsom man whose
artifacts were first found near
Folsom, N. M.
The project was sponsored by
the University of Chicago De
partment of Anthropology, the
Wenner-Gren Foundation, the
Illinois State Museum and the
Illinois State Museum Society.
j four such notices a week—some
of them with several offenders
described—where a year ago it
was averaging one such notice
| a week.
The Check Squad estimated
| about half the check artists have
records. The others are ama
teurs.
“The majority,” said a Check
Squad officer, “had money, and
; they haven’t got it now. They
i wrote checks when money was
i plentiful, and they keep on writ
ing checks, even though they
know they haven't any money to
back them up.”
A store official said they range
from fragile old ladies to well
dressed, overbearing men with
many identification cards who
try to bamboozle salesgirls into
cashing checks without too much
question. Several credit officials
reported at least half the per
petrators are women.
One downtown department
store reported a 20 per cent in
crease in bouncing checks in the
past six months. A store official
said most were written by persons
trying to “buy time.”
This official said that when a
draft is returned from a bank
marked “not sufficient funds."
the store redeposits Mt on the
theory that by this time the
check-casher has deposited the
money to cover it. By the time
it comes back a second time, and
the store gets in touch with the
check-casher, perhaps two weeks
j have elapsed. Usually the check
casher promises to make it good
the next pay day. Sometimes,
(See CHECKS, Page A-3.)
Typhoon's Tail
Hits Okinawa;
Danger Past
By th« Associated P*ess *
NAHA, Okinawa. Sunday, Aug.
16.—One of the wildest typhoons
ever recorded in the Pacific by
passed Okinawa and the key
American air base today after
slapping it overnight with winds
up to 78 miles an hour.
At 3 a.m. today (2 p.m., EDT,
Saturday) airforce weathermen
said that the typhoon center was
moving into the China Sea at 15
knot* about 130 miles southwest
of the island. Wind here had
dropped to 46 to 58 miles an
hour.
On its present course, the
stor mcenter will hit the Chinese
mainland about 120 miles south
of Shanghai, forecasters said.
Before the course of the storm
changed overnight, weathermen
had predicted winds of 140 miles
per hour would whip the island
today.
I The American superfort
bombers and most of the fighter
i planes based here were flown to
other bases until the winds died
down.
| American base personnel and
their families were housed in
concrete, typhoon-proof shelters.
Hurricane Delays Liner
j NEW YORK, Aug. 15 <£>).—
The Cunard liner “Caronia” ar
rived today 11 hours behind
schedule after running an extra
180 miles to dodge the Atlantic
[ hurricane. Capt. A. B. Fasting
said 20-foot waves and 50 miles
per hour winds were encountered.
Molotov at Korea Reception
LONDON, Aug. 15 iJP).— Soviet
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov j
! headed a group of Soviet offi
cials attending a reception given
; in the Soviet capital tonight, by
North Korean Ambassador Lim
[jie, Moscow Radio reported. ,
V\
Carrier Home Delivery
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An Associated Press Newspoper FIFTEEN CENTS
Nixon Named Head
Os Committee on
Anti-Discrimination
John Roosevelt on List;
Eisenhower to Meet
With Group Wednesday
* By tho Associated Press
DENVER, Aug. 15.—President
Eisenhower today named Vice
President Nixon. John Roosevelt
and a Chicago Negro attorney—
J. Ernest Wilkins—to a new com
mittee assigned the job of pre
venting hiring and firing dis
crimination in plants with Fed
eral contracts.
Gen. Eisenhower picked Mr.
I Nixon to serve as the chairman
of the committee, created by ex
exutive order last Thursday, and
Mr. Wilkins to be vice chairman.
Mr. Roosevelt, youngest son of
the late President Franklin D.
Roosevelt and an active cam
paigner for Gen. Eisenhower last
fall, will serve as a member of
the new committee together
with:
Walter Reuther, president of
the CIO; George Meany, presi
dent of the American Federa
tion of Labor; Fred Lazarus, jr.,
of Cincinnati, president of the
American Retail Federation and
vice president of the American
Jewish Committee; Mrs. Helen
Rogers Reid, board chairman of
the New York Herald Tribune:
John L. McCaffrey of Chicago,
president of the International
Harvester Co., and John Minor
Wisdom, New Orleans attorney
and Republican national com
mitteeman from Louisiana.
Six representatives of Govern
ment agencies also will serve on
the committee. They will be
named later.
Replaces Truman Committee.
The unit replaces a similar
committee which was set up in
December, 1951, by President
Truman.
Announcement of the nine
public members was made at
Gen. Eisenhower's vacation head
| quarters at Lowry Air Force Base
shortly after he pocket-vetoed
three bills and signed 15 others
into law.
That action cleared his desk
of the last of the more than 200
i bills which Congress passed be
fore it adjourned last week.
The President spent most of
the morning in his office and
then went to Cherry Hills Coun
try Club for a round of golf. He
and Mrs. Eisenhower will attend
services tomorrow morning at
the Corona Presbyterian Church.
Tuesday evening he will inter
rupt his vacation to fly overnight
to New York, where on Wednes
day he will take part in the dedi
cation of a $32 million Federal
housing project and register for
the New York elections to be
held this year. The President is
a legal resident of New York
State.
White House Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty announced to
day that Gen. Eisenhower also
will meet at the Waldorf-Astoria
Hotel in New York Wednesday
morning with all the newly-ap
pointed members of his anti
discrimination committee except
(See JOBS. Page A-ll.)
21 Alps Climbing Deaths
Raise Year's Toll to 164
ty th« Asiooatcd Prtst
ROME, Aug. 15—Twenty-one
more persons fell to their deaths
this week and brought the sea
son’s toll for Alpine climbing
to 164.
This already is well ahead of
the loss of life in the Alps for
all last year.
Heaviest death count this
week was in Switzerland, where
10 died, bringing the season
total to 43. Eight were killed in
Austria, where the total rose
to 59.
75 Americans
Freed Today in
POW Exchange
Allies Surpass Reds
In Number Returned
At Halfway Mark
By tha Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, Sunday, Aug. 16.
—Truckloads of happy American
and British captives and exuber
ant South Koreans rode out of
the Communist northland into
this big prisoner exchange cen
ter today in rumbling Russian
built Molotov trucks.
The repatriates waved at ob
servers and shouted greetings.
List of American POWs Freed Todoy.
Page A-4
Nine More POWs, Six as Litter Cases
Land in U. S. Page A-5
POW Tales of "Progressives" Called
Greatly Exaggerated. Page A-II
They jumped spryly down from
the trucks as their names were
called.
The South Koreans arrived
singing boisterously and beat
ing time with their hands on the
sides of the Communist vehicles. *
A few were perched precariously
atop the truck cab roofs and
canvas canopies.
Most of the repatriates in the
first two groups appeared to be
in sound condition. Four of the
South Koreans, however, were
emaciated litter cases.
The first American repatriated
today was an Indiana soldier,
Pfc. Lawrence E. Bridgewater of
i Loogootee.
| The first Briton back was Pvt.
j Andrew Aicken.
Carry Gift Packages.
The prisoners carried Red
Cross packages, apparently dis
tributed earlier in the morning
at the Communist assembly cen
| ter of Kaesong.
! Like the South Koreans com
| ing home, the Red Koreans trav
i eling north through Panmunjom
had thrown away most of their
prisoner clothes. They sang
Communist marching songs as
their trucks rolled past the al
lied repatriation center.
The exchange today was
bringing 75 Americans, 75 Brit
; ish and 262 South Koreans back
to their own side.
Although the exchange was
only 12 days old. the allies al
ready had passed the halfway
mark toward their target date
for completion of the movement
of Communist prisoners north
wards.
They promised to give back
about 2,400 North Koreans in to
day’s exchange.
This brought to better than
50 per cent the number of Red
prisoners the allies promised to
Return, while the Communists
have released a little better than
40 per cent of U. N. troops they
held.
The Communists announced
they would return 402 prisoners
of war tomorrow, including 75
Americans, 75 British, 2 Japa
nese and 250 South Koreans.
The Japanese would be house
boys brought to Korea by Amer
ican troops in the early days of
the war.
Red POWs Stoned.
As the exchange reached the
halfway point Saturday, South
Korean civilians vigorously
stoned two groups of Red POWs
who were hurling heavy boots
and canteens, along with insults,
i at watchers along the route. The
| civilian South Koreans have
i been pelted regularly by the Red
(See POWs. Page A-5.)
Deepest Underwater Line
For Oil Is Completed
By tha Associated Press
MACKINAW CITY. Mich.,
Aug. 15.—The deepest underwa
ter oil pipeline ever attempted
was completed »here at 8:14 o’-
clock tonight, a week after it
was launched at St. Ignace four
miles on the other side of the
Straits of Mackinac.
Twenty thousand feet of 20-
inch pipe were pulled from the
north side of the 143-foot deep
straits to connect with the land
pipeline on the south side here.
It was the longest water cross
ing ever attempted by the pull
method. This whole operation
will be duplicated in another
month when a parallel 20-inch
pipeline will be pulled across
the straits 1.250 feet to the east
of the line just laid.
Why All the Apathy
On H-Bomb Threat?
THE H-BOMB AND YOU—Tha
possibility that Russia moy really
have tha hydrogen bomb poses a
number of new defense problems.
How art tha Government and tha
public toeing up to them? With
apathy. Read the reasons why on
Poge A-23, together with an article
by Atomic Scientist George Gamow
and a "survivors' report" of the
Hiroshima nuclear disaster of 1945.
NEWEST FEDERAL BUILDING
PLAN—Legislation is pending in
Congress to permit the Government
to use rent money toward purchase
of new Federal buildings. This hope
of wiping out Washington's un
sightly temporary buildings is de
scribed in the last of a senes an
tha Government'! space problems on
Poge A-10.
Complete Index, Poge A-2
Rodio-TV, Programs, Poges E-4-5

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