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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 20, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Clear tonight, lowest around 52. Tomor
row, sunny and continued warm and dry.
(Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 60 6 am. __s3 11 a.m. __7l
2 a.m. __s7 8 a.m*_.s6 Noon 77
4 a.m. „-55 10 a.m. __7o 1 p.m. „79
An Associated Press Newspaper
101st Year. No. 293. Phone ST. 3-5000
U. N. Takes Up
Arab-lsrael and
Trieste Issues
Frontier Squabble
First on Bill With
Soviet Demand Next
By th# Associated Pr«»s
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y., Oct.
20.—The United Nations Security
Council braced itself for a dou
ble-header today—Soviet de
mands for the internationaliza
tion of disputed Trieste and con
tinued debate on a Big Three call
for a probe into the bloody Arab-
Israeli border squabble.
The Arab-lsrael question was
first on the twin-bill with the 11-
Stories Related to Foreign Crises Before
the U. N. Poge A-4
nation group meeting to decide
how the item shall be listed
on the agenda. United States
delegates reportedly conferred
with the Council’s sole Arab
state representative, Lebanon’s
Charles Malik, to seek a phrasing
acceptable to all.
The United States, Britain and
France asked for an urgent
Council session on the Palestine
issue after denouncing an Israeli
attack on a Jordan village last
week in which Jordan claims 66
lives were lost.
The council yesterday ap
proved a United States sugges
tion that it request Maj. Gen.
Vagn Bennike, of Denmark,
chief of staff of the U. N. truce
supervision organization in Pal
estine, to fly here and report
fully to the council in person on
recent Arab-Jewish border vio
lence. He is not expected to ar
rive until late in the week.
Yugoslav Asks to Speak.
Later today, the Council is
due to continue debate on the
Soviet-sponsored move to name
a Swiss governor for the free
territory of Trieste under perma
nent U. N control.
Both Yugoslavia and Italy
oppose that solution for the fu
ture of the strategic area, which
each claims. Yugoslav Foreign
Secretary Koca Popovic asked
the council last night for per
mission to be heard when the
ouestion comes up. If tradition
is followed this permission will
he -ranted, although Yugoslavia
is not a member of the_ Council.
Italy did not immediately re
quest a hearing. Although not
a member of the U. N.. the Rome
government keeps a permanent
observer at U N. headquarters
The Trieste dispute flared up
anew when Britain and the
United States announced they
would withdraw their occupation
troops from Zone A of the divid
ed territory and turn it over to
Italy’s administration.
Tito Threatens to March.
Yugoslavia, which now con
trols the territory’s Zone B, pro
tested violently and President
Tito threatened to march his
troops into Zone A the moment
Italian forces set foot in that
area, which encompasses the
vital Adriatic port city of Trieste.
At a Big Three Foreign Minis
ters’ meeting in London last
week end, Britain, France and
the United States invited both
Italy and Yugoslavia to a five
power parley aimed at reaching
a peaceful settlement of the Tri
este dispute. Yugoslavia’s per
manent representative at the
U. N., Leo Mates, said he believed
his government would agree to
such a meeting.
Marshal Tito and other Yugo
slav leaders, however, have de
clared they feel such a parley
would be useless if Britain and
the United States hold to their
decision to turn Zone A over to
Italy.
Russia warned the council last
week that she would not counte
nance any decision on Trieste
unless the Soviet had a hand
in it.
As the council prepared to de
bate the threatening issue, Italy
and Yugoslavia continued to act
and talk tough.
Italian Troops Move Up.
Camouflaged units of a crack
Italian division moved into posi
tions yesterday near the point
where the Italian-Yugoslav bor
der meets the boundary of the
free territory. They were the
first Italian soldiers to move
within a few miles of Zone A.
In Belgrade, the official Yugo
slav Communist Party newspa
per Borba warned that Yugo
slavia would not accept Italian
occupation of Zone A “with or
without troops.” There had been
unofficial suggestions that Italy
might avoid a showdown with
Marshal Tito by assuming con
trol with police units.
On the Palestine issue, the
United States has served notice
(See U. N., Page A-4.)
Opportunity Knocks
Often in Star Ads
For men and women desiring to get
started in o business of their own
there is valuable reading in the “Busi
ness Opportunities'* columns of The
Star's classified section.
The Star acquaints readers with
far more “Business Opportunities" bo
cause it publishes more ads in this
category than the three other Wash
ington papers combined.
If you art looking for a business,
keep your eye on Star classified. If
you want to sell your business phone
Sterling '3-5000 and let a courteous
Star adtaker explain how to place
your od.
Dulles Opposes Asking Russia
To Top-Level Meeting Now
Would Acton Austrian-German Issues First;
Secretary Urges Trieste Settlement
Secretary of State Dulles made
clear today that the United
States does not look with favor
now on proposals for a top-level
Big Four meeting with Russia.
He told a news conference
that British Foreign Secretary
Eden and Frepch Foreign Min
ister Bidault agreed with him in
their conference at London last
week end that it was better to
tak6 one step at a time and con
centrate now on trying to get
Russia to join in a Big Four
foreign ministers meeting next
month on German and Austrian
problems.
Mr. Dulles, meeting reporters
after an hour-long conference
with President Eisenhower, also:
1. Called on Yugoslavia and
Italy to submerge their differ
ences over Trieste to clear the
way for getting on with the more
important problem of develop
ing a solid strategic plan for the
defense of Southern Europe
against possible Soviet aggres
sion.
2. Described Chinese and North
Korean Communist acceptance
of an American proposal for a
preliminary meeting at Panmun- I
jom next Monday as one more
practical step toward getting un-:
der way the projected political
conference to settle Korea’s fu- I
ture. He said he believed Arthur
Dean would leave tomorrow for i
Panmunjom to represent the
United States on behalf of the
First Chest Report
Reveals Donations
Totaling $625,503
Figure Is 15.64 Pet.
Os $4 Million Sought
In Fund Campaign
BULLETIN ,
The Metropolitan area Com
munity Chest today an
nounced contributions total
ing $625,503.47, or 15.64 per
cent of its $4 million goal. An
nouncement was made at the
first general report luncheon
at the Washington Hotel.
The first report of progress
in the 1954 Community Chest-
USO Campaign was scheduled
today in the Washington Hotel.
The campaign seeks a goal of
$4 million-plus for more than
100 Red Feather health, welfare
and recreational agencies in the
Washington area.
At tpte first report meeting
of last year’s drive 11.05 per
cent of the goal was reported.
The progress of the 1954 cam
paign will be painted on the
16-foot Red Feather thermom
eter in the triangle across the
street from the District Build
ing. Three-year-old Joe Maes
tri. the Chest mascot, will do
the painting.
Residential Unit to Meet.
The Residential Unit will hold
a report meeting Thursday in
the Mayflower Hotel, with Mrs.
Eisenhower as guest.
Following a meeting of resi
dential area chairmen yester
day, Mrs. Donald C. Beatty, unit
chairman, said that five of the
area leaders estimated they
would report “at least” 50 per
cent of quota by Thursday.
The unit is seeking to reach
its $278,418 quota in three weeks,
having started its door-to-door
coverage of District homes on
October 12.
A Tip for “Discouraged.”
Mrs. Beatty suggested yester
day that any of the workers,
who were “discouraged” visit a
Red Feather agency.
“When you are asking for
money in terms of human beings, i
it makes it a lot easier,” she said
Any one who wishes to visit,
one or more Chest-supported
agencies may make arrange
ments by calling Chest head
quarters.
More Details Given
On New Super Jet
By the Associated Press
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 20.—Part
of the cloak of secrecy came off
the supersonic F-100 super-Sabre
fighter plane of the Air Force
today in a Hollywood-style pre
miere as the first production
model came off the line.
But as North American Avia
tion Co. threw an arrival party
for the big brother of the F-86
Sabre, the company and the Air
Force carefully withheld much
of the F-lOO’s performance data.
The Air Force has announced
the super-Sabre is its first opera
tional jet fighter to exceed the
speed of sound in level flight.
J. L. Atwood, president of
North American,* says the 45-
degree swept-wing F-100 repre
sents a greater technical step
over the Korea-famed Sabre jet
than the Sabre represented over
the prftpeller-driven P-51 Mus
tang of World War n.
Announced dimensions for the
F-100 show the razor thin wing
has a span of 36 feet, with the
body 45 feet long and 14 feet
high. t
A Pratt & Whitney J-57-7 jet
engine powers the super-Sabre.
The fighter has a servic eceiling
above 50,000 feet and a combat
radius of more than 575 miles.
Mbmiw
V y J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
** WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1953—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. SSUSriiifJSaJSB “.'“St, 5 CENTS
United Nations at the preliminary
meeting.
Mr. Dulles said the idea of a
top-level meeting with Russia
was not” seriously discussed at
the London conference of the
Western Big Three foreign mini
sters, despite British Prime Mini
ster Churchill’s continued in
terest in it.
He pointed out that a renewed
invitation to Russia for a for
eign ministers conference on
Germany and Austria at Lugano,
Switzerland on November 9,
came out of the London meet
ing. He added that he. Mr.
Eden and Mr. Bidault believed
such a meeting would be an in
valuable step toward easing ten
sions with Russia.
Stressing the importance of
taking one step at a time in
efforts to reach any settlement
with the Soviet, Mr. Dulles said
the foreign ministers believed
they should not deprecate the
importance of the Lugano pro
posal by even discussing other
proposals for getting together
with the Russians.
Questioned as to whether Mr.
Churchill had pressed the idea
of trying to arrange a top-level
meeting with Soviet Premier
Malenkov in discussions apart
from the foreign ministers’ con
ference in London, Mr. Dulles
said it would not be appropriate
for him to attempt to report on
his social talks with the Prime
Minister.
On Trieste, Mr. Dulles said he
believed a conference of the
United States, Great Britain,
Yugoslavia, Italy and France
could be useful in trying to get
the Trieste problem into its
proper setting. ✓
Trieste Not Basic Problem.
The basic problem, he said, is
not the disposition of Trieste
itself, but the far more import
ant problem of planning for
Southern European defense.
Asked if there was any pros
pect of the United States and
Great Britain changing their
October 8 decision for turning
over Zone A of the Trieste terri
tory to Italian administration,
Mr. Dulles said no thought had
been given to that.
He said nothing to discourage
reports, however, that with
drawal of American and Brit
ish occupation troops from Zone
A might be delayed indefinitely
until Italian and Yugoslav tem
pers cool.
In regard to the Panmunjom
meeting, Mr. Dulles said the
United States sticks to the view
that the question of who shall
take part in the full dress po
litical conference is settled so
far as the United Nations’ side
is concerned.
Refers to U. N. Resolution.
He referred to a U. N. Gen
eral Assembly resolution desig
nating the United States and
the other 15 U. N. members that
took part in the Korean fight
ing, plus South Korea, to rep
resent the U. N. with Commu
nist China and North Korea on
the Communist side along with
Russia if desired.
The Communists have insisted
on broadening the conference
into a round table affair by add
ing five neutral nations, and in
their, latest note reserved the
right to raise that question at
the Panmonjom preliminary
meeting. Mr. Dulles said the
United States could not prevent
them talking about the issue if
they wanted to.
He stressed that the Panmun
jom meeting will concern ar
rangements for the later politi
cal conference and will not deal
with any substantive matters
itself so far as the United States
is concerned.
Dulles Scans
Note O'Konski
Sent to Rhee
Secretary of State Dulles to
day indicated administration
concern over a letter written by
Representative O’Konski, Re
publican of Wisconsin, to Presi
dent Syngman Rhee of South
Korea.
The letter urged Mr. Rhee to
liberate Korean war prisoners
remaining in South Korea as he
did 27,000 North Korean prison
ers several weeks ago in viola
tion of the Korean armistice
terms.
A reporter pointed out to Mr.
Dulles at a news conference that
the letter appeared to violate the
Logan Act, which bans certain
types of correspondence with
foreign government leaders by
American citizens, and asked if
the law would be invoked against
Mr. O’Konski.
Mr. Dulles replied that one of
his assistants had shown him
yesterday afternoon a newspaper
clipping quoting a few sentences
of the O’Konski letter. He said
j he wanted to see the full text
! of the letter before considering
any action regarding it and has
not yet seen the text.
The Logan Act forbids Amer
ican citizens, without Govern
i ment authority, to carry on any
correspondence with any foreign
government “with intent to in
fluence the measures or conduct
of any foreign government . . .
in relation to any disputes or
controversies with the United
States, or to defeat the measures
of the United States.” It pro
vides a penalty of a $5,000 fine
or three years in prison, or both.
U. S. Confirms
Suspension of
Aid to Israel
Funds Are Withheld
In Jordan Dispute,
Dulles Finally Reveals
By Crosby S. Noyes
Secretary of State Dulles con
firmed today that American eco
nomic aid to Israel has been cut
off because of Israel’s defiance of
the United Nations involving
Israeli border disputes.
Mr. Dulles used the figure of
SIOO million as the proposed aid
figure for the coming year. State
Department aides, however, said
the total is approximately S6O
million. Last year, Israel re
ceived more than S7O million in
Mutual Security funds.
The Secretary’s announce
ment, made in answer to a press
conference question, put an end
to weeks of State Department
silence on the delicate Israeli
question. Until today, depart
ment spokesmen had maintained
a frosty silence in the face of
authoritative reports that dras
tic American action was under
way.
Halt Ordered on Project.
The decision had been made
more than two weeks ago at the
time when the U. N. ordered Is
rael to stop work on a project
to divert the waters of the River
Jordan along the Syrian fron
tier.
Aid to Israel under the Tech
nical Assistance program is not
involved in the decision, the
Secretary said. Last year this
kind of assistance amounted to
about $2 million.
Payment of the first install
ment on the larger sum has
been deferred. Mr. Dulles said,
in view of the problems that
exist between the U. N. and
Israel.
The Secretary sidestepped the
question of whether the Israeli
government has been formally
notified of the decision. They
must know about it, he said,
because they haven’t got the
money.
Must Accept Edict.
Payment was deferred, Mr.
Dulles said, because it seemed to
us that the State of Israel should
respect the decision of the
United Nations’ truce supervision
officer that work on the Jordan
River project should be stopped.
As long as the State of Israel
was acting in defiance of that
decision, it was thought better
to withhold the American aid
grant, Mr. Dulles said.
The Secretary said he recog
nized the right of Israel to ap
peal the decision of the truce
officer through the U. N. But
it would have been better if the
work had been stopped pending
the outcome of that appeal, he
suggested.
Mr. Dulles said that other Is
rael-Arab border incidents were
not directly involved in the de
cision to withhold aid. But the
incidents, together with the
transfer of the Israeli capital to
the disputed area of Jerusalem
(Continued on Page A-5, Col. 2.)
Inquiry on Atomic Defense
Promised by Saltonstall
Chairman Saltonstall of the
Senate Armed Services Commit
tee today promised a thorough
investigation of this country’s
defenses against atomic attack.
He was replying to a request
by Senator Kefauver, Democrat,
of Tennessee for prompt hear
ings on the subject. Senator
Saltonstall agreed there is no
more important question before
Congress, but indicated there
would be no hearings until Con
gress returns in January.
The Massachusetts Senator
said he wants to wait for the
findings of Robert C. Sprague,
New England industrialist re
cently appointed to review the
defense program for the com
mittee.
Dulles Speaks Tonight
Secretary of State Dulles will
broadcast a foreign policy speech
from New York tonight on the
New York Herald Tribune
Forum. His 15-minute address
at 10:30 p.m. will be broadcast
over the NBC radio network.
Yam Soon May Go Into Chips
... Sweet Potato Chips, That Is
■v th* Autxiattd Pr««*
| STILLWATER, Okla., Oct. 20.
—The lowly yam finally may
get In the chips—sweet potato
! chips, that is.
After studying the surplus yam
i situation for years, scientists at
! Oklahoma A&M think they’ve
! finally hit on a solution.
If you can make potato chips
from regulai potatoes, why not
fry up sweet potatoes?
| Franl Cross, head of the Hor
ticulture Department, says ex
periments show tiie new chips
I soon may be the nibbling sensa- j
tion.
They’re big, golden yellow and
crisp with the sweet-potato fla
vor brought out.
Some of the first experimental
chips have been served this
month at field days around
Oklahoma and a survey of those
f i
Well, You Can Always Eat Crow!
William L. Hutcheson, 79,
Ex-Carpenter Head, Dies
Heart Ailment Fatal
To Top Figure in
Labor Movement
William L. Hutchinson, 79, who
headed the AFL Carpenters
Union for 36 years before retir
ing last year, died today of a
heart ailment in Methodist Hos
pital. Indianapolis.
One of the top figures In the
American labor movement, “Big
Bill” was taken to the hospital
on October 12 for a stomach ex
amination and suffered a heart
attack three days later, before
the tests were completed. He
had been In critical condition
since.
Mr. Hutcheson, one of the few
Republicans among top union
officials, stepped down from the
active presidency of the 822,000-
member union January 1, 1952,
and was succeeded by his son,
Maurice A. Hutcheson. The elder
Hutcheson since had been pres
ident emeritus.
Despite this semi-retirement,
however, Mr. Hutcheson kept an
eye on things, and was generally
thought to have figured promi
nently in the carpenter’s tempo
rary withdrawal from the AFL a
few months ago. when the AFL
signed a no-raiding agreement
with the CIO.
The carpenters, long involved
in jurisdictional disputes within
the AFL, complained that the
parent organization should have
done something about getting
its internal affairs in order be
fore branching out in a new di
rection.
Out of AFL Briefly.
The carpenters were outside
the AFL fold only a short while,
however.
The real “Mr. Republican” of
the labor movement, Mr. Hutch
eson, only a few months after his
retirement last year became in
volved in one of the bitterest
fights of his career as an Indiana
delegate to the Republican Na
tional Convention in Chicago.
The 34-member Indiana dele
gation was instructed by the Re
publican State Convention to
support Senator Taft of Ohio for
the presidential nomination. Mr.
Hutcheson and one other dele
gate, Eugene C Pulliam. India
napolis newspaper publisher, de
fied the instruction and voted
1 throughout the convention for
the eventual winner, Dwight D.
Eisenhower.
Mr. Hutcheson stood virtually
alone in-the ranks of organized
labor as a severe critic of the
administration of President
j Franklin D. Roosevelt for what
I he called "Government’s inroads
on free enterprise.” He also
| bucked the Truman administra
| tion.
i A native of Saginaw County,
! munching the delicacy show
| they’re enthusiastic.
“Besides being colorful and
tasty, the chips made from sweet
! potatoes are healthier,” Mr.
! Cross said. “They have all the
nourishment regular potato
i chips, plus vitamins.’
The sweet potatoes are proc
essed for chips in practically
j the same manner as Irish pota
toes
Ray K. Babb, who runs a po
tato chip factory at Mangum,
Okla., worked with Oklahoma
A&M for four year? before just
the right chip was made.
“The big difference between
i the Irish and sweet potato is
. that we take the starch out of
the white potato,’’ Mr Babb ex
plained. “We experimented with
all types of oils and things to
put on the chips after they were
cooked and finally got the right
-combination.”
' '" *' $ : '- ■ *x *S'3|g|jjijM|fe
|6p|w^f '~Wu~ri¥™
—AP Photo.
WILLIAM L. HUTCHESON.
Mich., Mr. Hutcheson was reared
on a farm and had only a coun
try school education. His father,
Daniel O. Hutcheson, had been a
ship carpenter and the son took
up the trade at 16.
He joined the union in 1902
while working at Midland, Mich.,
for the Dow Chemical Co. Four
years later Mr. Hutcheson be
came business agent, and in 1913
was elected second vice president.
He succeeded to the presidency
in 1915, on the'-death of James
Kirby, and was re-elected at every
election until he retired,
i One of the mosL highly pub
| licized events of the Hutcheson
! career was his fist fight with
| John L. Lewis, president of the
United’Mine Workers, at an AFL
convention in Atlantic City in
1935.
Was Punched in Nose.
Mr. Lewis then was in the
process of taking the UMW out
of the federation as the nucleus
of the new CIO, and in ah argu
ment on the floor the miners’
chief punched Mr. Hutcheson in
the nose.
Mr. Lewis said later that his
foe “called me a foul narpe.”
That breach was settled in
later years, however, and Mr.
Hutcheson was instrumental in
getting the miners back into the
federation. They pulled out
again, however.
Mr Hutcheson was married in
1893 to Miss Bessie King of Free
land. Mich They had four chil
dren. The marriage ended in
divorce in 1926 and the same
year Mr. Hutcheson married Mrs.
Jessie Tufts Sharon. After her
; death some years ago, he mar
ried Madelaine Wilson, head
| nurse at the Home for Retired
Carpenters at Lakeland, Fla.
Mr. Hutcheson was a Meth
odist, 33d degree Mason and a
Shriner. He also belonged to the
Odd Fellows.
Whittaker Chambers’ Son
Hurt as Jeep Overturns
Bv th* AuofiotM Pr«ii
WESTMINSTER. Md., Oct.
20.—John Chambers, 16-year-old
son of Whitaker Chambers, and
a companion were injured when
their jeep overturned last night.
Young Chambers, son of the
man whose testimony resulted in
the perjury trial of Alger Hiss,
was not seriously injured.
Police said he was driving a
jeep and had as a passenger,
James Head, 14, of Westminster.
The two had been to a prac
tice session of the Westminster
High School football team, of
which they are members.
Both, were taken to Johns
Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.
John Chambers was returned to
his home in Bachman Valley
treatment of cuts. The
Head boy suffered a severe leg
fracture and other injuries.
Envoy Shaw to Retire
ASUNCION, Paraguay, Oct. 20
(JP). —United States Ambassador
George Shaw will leave Para
guay at the end of October, to
retire from the diplomatic
service.
* "
k «
Real Affection
Out in Illinois there was a woman
with a $400,000 affection for birds and
animals. See “Life in the U. S.”
Page B-13.
New York Markets, Pages A-22-23
Forest Fire Threat
May Close Hunting
Season in Virginia
Tinder-Dry Woods Called
Worst Since 1930; Low
Stream Levels Noted
The threat of forest fire, re
garded as the most critical since
the drought of 1930, may cause
Virginia to close its hunting sea
sons
Recalling that It was a year
ago today that fire began sweep
ing 45,000 acres of Virginia tim
berland. State Forester George
Dean said he would ask for •
closed season on hunting unless
rain falls within a few days.
Just as alarmed over the situ
ation was State Forester Henry
C. Buckingham of Maryland,
who called the woods the driest
1 they have been in 23 years. But
he said he saw no reason to
penalize hunters, usually careful
and co-operative, for the care
lessness of others and thought
, the hunting season would pro
-1 ceed on schedule.
2,000 Acres Burned.
Already fires are -giving some
' trouble. More than 2,000 acres
, of Virginia woodland burned In
the last week at a cost of more
than SIOO,OOO. Six acres of Gov
ernment property burned yester
day near Beltsville, Md. Mr.
Buckingham said he doubted
1 whether firefighters could con
trol a wind-swept fire.
While there has been a notice
able drying up of wells, springs
and small streams throughout the
area, Government experts believe
the 1930 drought made greater
inroads on the water sources. A
survey showed that the District,
Maryland and Virginia generally
have a plentiful supply for urban
uses.
Drying up of streams has added
to the fire threat.
Water Supplies Tight.
Although Northern Virginia
generally has a good water sup
, ply. the situation outside the
, suburban areas is not good. Wells
’ 1 are going dry in Fairfax County
and causing concern for the fu
ture as the water table continues
. to drop. *
Except for spotty instances
t where shallow wells are going
( 1 dry. Prince Georges and Mont
. j gomery Counties are adequately
- supplied and there is no serious
| lowering of the water table in the
[ j State, one geologist said.
! The Washington Suburban
Sanitary Commission, which cov
i ers the two counties, said its
supply ia ample.
> I
Potomac Level Low.
Checks along the Potomac re
veal the river to be quite low,
out still above the 1930 measure
i ments. At Leiter Gauge above
! Chain Bridge, for instance, latest
measurement was 1,110 cubic
feet a second, compared with
only 448 cubic feet in 1930.
At the Rock Creek Park gaug
ling station, near Sherrill drive,
the discharge is about 14 cubic
feet a second, compared with
one-half a cubic foot in 1930.
The latest check at the Point of
Rocks station on the Potomac
! was 1,200 cubic feet per second,
compared with 540 feet in 1914.
i C. A. Gustafson, the Agricul
; ture Department’s forest fire
control chief, said the national
| threat of fire would reach the
! critical stage in 10 or 12 days
unless adequate rain falls.
90 Percent Below Normal.
Nationally, the rainfall for
I the past 10 weeks has been
about 10 per cent of normal in
most sectors.
The Washington Weather
Bureau has recorded rainfall of
nearly five Inches below normal
for the period between June and
now. Despite this, the rainfall
for the entire year is still 8.79
inches above normal because of
the extreme wetness through
May. «
President Back,
Hopes His Trip
Aided Peace
He Sees Progress
In Strengthening
Ties With Mexico
By Joseph A. Fox
President Eisenhower came
back to the Capital today, hope
ful that his good neighbor trip
to Mexico had strengthened this
Nation’s ties with the republic
to the south, and by that much
had advanced the cause of peace
in the world.
Gen. Eisenhower yesterday
spent about five hours with Mex
ico’s President, Adolfo Ruiz Cor
tines, as they joined in dedicat
ing Falcon Dam, the Rio Grande
project that offers new economic
hope to the agricultural lands
on the boundary.
After the ceremonial ex
changes the President headed
back over the long earthen con
necting link between the two
countries to a welcoming crowd
on the American side and called
for greater understanding among
people that will substitute the
conference table for the battle
field. He said:
“If we can establish one new
link of friendship with our near
est neighbors, we have made
progress toward a future that
you can turn over to your chil
dren with peace and confidence.”
From the dam site, Gen. Eisen
hower motored 80 miles to La
redo, Tex., to start the flight of
less than six hours that brought
him to the Capital at 12M2 a.m.
today.
Roaring Send-Off.
Texans, whose guest he had
been for 48 hours, gave the Pres
ident a roaring send-off.
Thousands made the demon
stration one of the noisiest of
the trip which started last Wed
nesday.
Mexico rolled out the red car
pet for the visit of Gen. Eisen
hower. and the American Gov
ernment reciprocated in kind
when Mexico’s chief of state
crossed the line to return the
call and lunch on the American
side.
In the cordial exchanges that
were repeated through the day,
dose observers of United States-
Mexico relations, thought they
detected an interesting sidelight:
A mild reminder from the south
that Mexico wants equality, not
a big-and-little-brother relation
ship with this Government—and
an equally strong hint from Gen.
Eisenhower that this Govern
ment stands for the same policy.
Mexican Liberator Quoted.
In his dam dedication speech,
delivered in Spanish, President
Ruiz Cortines was greeted with
approving shouts of “arriba! ar
riba»", sort of a “hurrah,” when
he quoted the maxim of the im
mortal Benito Juarez, liberator
of Mexico: “Among individuals,
as among nations, respect for the
rights of others spells peace.”
It was the only time that shouts
interrupted the Mexican Presi
dent, although he was liberally
applauded.
Advance copies of the speech
had been given out, and some
thought that President Eisen
hower had taken his cue from
the Mexican President’s to make
an Interpolation at the outset of
his own address, when he spoke
of the friendship implicit in their
meeting, and added:
“When I speak of friendly
sentiments between two coun
tries, I do not mean the pale
sentiment of two acquaintances,
nor am I using formal diplomatic
language.
“What I mean is friendship
that seeks earnestly and persist
ently to (See the viewpoint of
others, then labors to meet that
viewpoint.”
The audience applauded that
too.
•The dedicatory ceremonies
were staged at the two stainless
steel pillars that mark the
bounary line on the dam, 150
feet above the level of the Rio
Grande which is being harnessed
(See EISENHOWER, Page A-3.)
Late News
Bulletin
Lawyer Found Shot
David E. Tolman, an attor
ney with offices at 816 Con
necticut avenue N.W., was
found shot to death in his
office today. Homicide detec
tives said a 30-30 rifle was
; found across the desk in front
of him.
Potched-Up Heart
Ticks Happy Tune
LIFESAVER—A man-made valve,
ticking audibly, gave b new heart and
a new outlook to 31-year-old Martina
Hall. Her story, one that medical
science could not have made possible
o few years ago, is told on page B-l
today by Staff Writer John McKelway.
Guide for Readers
Amute'nts A-16-17 Lost, Found A-§
Classified .B-14-20 Obituary A-14
Comics —B-22-23 Radio-TV B-21
Editorial A-12 Sports A-19-21
Edit'l Articles A-13 Woman's
Financial A-22-23 Section B^-6

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