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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 14, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Clear and cool tonight, with fog after
midnight, low near 34. Tomorrow, sunny
and mild. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 40 6a.m.„36 11 a.m 41
2 a.m—3B 8a.m.—34 Noon 44
4a.m—36 10 a.m 38 lp.m 46
n An Associoted Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 318.
Truman to Go All Out Monday
In White Case; Approval by FBI
Os Monetary Fund Post Denied
NBC Will Carry *
Talk on Radio
And Television
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, Nov. 14.—Former
President Truman said today he
will make an ‘•all-out broadcast”
Monday night from Kansas City
on the Harry Dexter White
The broadcast will ‘‘tell all
the facts,” Mr. Truman told
newsmen in the lobby of the
Waldorf Towers as he prepared
to leave to board a train for his
home in Independence, Mo.
Mr. Truman earlier told news
men it was possible he trans
ferred White from the Treasury
Department to the International
Monetary Fund to give the FBI
a chance to watch him.
Attorney General Brownell has
charge dthat Mr. Truman
promoted White to be United
States director of the Monetary
Fund although Mr. Truman was
aware that an FBI report had
labeled White as a spy for Russia.
Rejected Subpoena.
Mr. Truman declined to heed
a subpoena from the House Un-
American Activities Committee
to tell what he knew about the
The broadcast will mark his
first comprehensive statement in
the controversy.
Referring to the broadcast, Mr.
Truman told the reporters:
“111 give you boys everything
you have been trying to get out
of me so rthe past week.”
When Mr. Truman first an
nouncde that he was going to
make a broadcast, newsmen
asked if it would concern the
White case.
The former President laughed
and said it would deal with "the
pending difficulties.”
To a question whether his
speech would be carried also on
television, he said that would
depend on the situation at the
time. Mr. Truman did not say
what networks would carry the
On Radio and TV.
Major networks reported they
knew nothing of the intended
speech until Mr. Truman made
his public announcement. NBC
announced later that it would
carry the address on both radio
and television. The time was
set tentatively for 10:30 p.m.
Other major networks said
they had not yet formulated
their plans concerning the
While agreeing it was “possi
ble” he transferred White to help
the FBI keep him under sur
veillance, Mr. Truman said he
would have to check into his
records to recall the circum
Asked About Report.
Newsmen accompanying him
. on his traditional morning stroll
asked him:
"Is it true that you knew of
the FBI report on White and at
the suggestion of the FBI you
appointed him executtive direc
tor of the International Mone
tary Fund to put him in a posi
tion to be watched?”
"I have not examined the rec
ord on the matter and my mem
ory is hazy.” Mr. Truman said.
"I would have to look it up.”
“If the FBI made such a re
quest, would you have complied?”
he was asked.
“It’s a possibility,” Mr. Tru
man said.
Mother of 4 Killed as Top
Os Car Is Torn Off in Crash
Special Dispatch to The Star
young mother of four children
was killed here last night when
the top of an automobile in
which she was riding was ripped
off as it crashed into the rear
of a tractor-trailer.
The driver of the topless car
rushed the woman to University
Hospital in the wrecked vehicle,
but she was dead on arrival.
The woman was identified as
Mrs. Alberta Kortash, 25, of
Baltimore. She was riding in a
car driven by Johnny J. Clark,
24, of Baltimore. He was un
hurt. The crash occurred on
Route 40 at the city line, and
Mr. Clark managed to drive the
smashed car several miles to
the hospital with a police escort.
Stocks in the Spotlight
NEW YORK Following are the
*ales (add 00), high, low, closing price
and net change of the 20 most active
stocks for the week:
Sales. High. Low. Close. Chge.
RKO Them 3366 4*« 4>« 4*« + *«
United Cp 1305 s>! 5 5 i£
20th Cnt-Fx TOO Ist'. IT>« 1!) -t-l’«
Radio Corp 482 23'/. 21'* '’l 5 ! 1V«
Am Tel &T 4 11 15. VS 154*4 155 M, 4-1
Am Viscose 3st>* 371, 373. 17,
US steel. 303 38 1 a 37', 38*44- *!
Celanesc -351 22 >, 20*. : >l_l
Inti Paper 351 58'a 56>, 58*4 4-I*.
Hose Sound 348 13'. 1(1*. 13 Xl*!
Mack Trucks 347 15 r » 15 15'* 4- 14
I.oews Inc 345 12 ll'« 12 + a*
Am Radiator 330 14 13*. j 4
Pensi-Cola 337 13*4 13*. 13*4 4- »,
Fait * Ohio 304 22'* 21*. 22'. 4- '.
Avco Mfg _ 204 s*. s>« 5'4
Chrvsler Cp- 280 07*4 64*. 65'*— *4
Reyp Tob B. 286 44 41*. 42'.
Ant Tobacco 280 70*4 66 '* 68 —3
At Motor*- 258 69*a 6S’, 58'/* — 44
Phone ST. 3-5000 ★ ★
Spies Flourishing at End of '45,
FBI Report Told White House
Increase in Espionage Was Hinted
As NKVD Sought All Data on A-Bomb
By Richard Wilson
Washington Correspondent of
Cowles Publications
The White House was put on
notice by the FBI in the con
cluding pages of its report on
Soviet espionage that Red spy
ing was continuing apace at the
end of 1945.
There was no let-up, and it
was hinted that espionage ac
tivity might be on the increase,
since the NKVD had ordered
its agents to produce the full
story on construction of the
atomic bomb by the end of De
cember that year.
This concluding warning was
given to the White House: Igor
Guzenko, the former employe of
the Soviet military attache in
Ottawa, had advised a bureau
agent that Soviet spying could be
stamped out in the United States
only by stamping out the Com
munist Party.
That conclusion was based on
what the FBI considered con
clusive evidence that the spying
was successful by the ef
forts of Americans in the under-
U. N. Pushes for Vote
On West's Proposal
For Arms Parley
Debate Is Prolonged
By Vishinsky's Blast
And Replies to It
By *h« Associated Press
14.—The United Nations Assem
bly’s Political Committee pushed
for a vote today on Western pro
posals for disarmament talks by'
the world’s atomic powers as
the eighth Assembly session end
ed its second month. Delegates
still hoped to finish their busi
ness by the December 8 adjourn
ment target.
New blasts from Russia’s An
drei Y. Vishinsky and Western
replies prolonged the committee
debate yesterday. More dis
cussion was scheduled today in
an effort to reach a ballot.
Approval of the Western reso
lution appeared certain.
Like previous Assembly resolu
tions on the subject, it urges the
12-nation Disarmament Commis
sion—the 11 Security Council
members and Canada—to keep
looking for ways of reaching in
ternational agreement on dis
Amendment Revised.
The innovation in this year’s
resolution is a recommendation
for a subcommittee of the “pow
ers principally Involved” to seek
a disarmament agreement in pri
vate negotiation.
An Indian amendment origi
nally called for the United
States, Britain, Canada, France
and the Soviet Union—the five
leaders in atomic research —to
hold these negotiations. Subse
quent amendment removed the
namfcs from the resolution.
Mr. Vishinsky charged yester
day that American preparations
for a new war are preventing
disarmament and building up in
ternational tensions.
Demands Big-Power Talks.
The Soviet U. N. delegate also
joined his boss, Foreign Minister
V. M. Molotov, in demanding a
big-power conference, including
Communist China, to discuss
measures aimed at lessening the
strain. Mr. Molotov made his
views known at an unprece
dented news conference in Mos
cow while Mr. Vishinsky ad
dressed the 60-nation Political
Committee here.
Britain's Selwyn Lloyd, mak
ing the chief reply for the West,
said Mr. Vishinsky had in effect
rejected the Western proposals
and commented: “This has been
a bad day for disarmament.”
Besides disarmament, four ma
jor political questions still are
outstanding on the assembly
agenda: Korea. Russia’s “peace
plan” to avert a third world war,
United States charges of Com
munist atrocities in Korea, and
Nationalist Chinese guerrillas in
Truman's Nephew Quits
KANSAS CITY, Nov. 14 (A 3 ). —
J. C. Truman, a nephew of for
mer President Truman, has re
signed as deputy director of the
regional records management
section of the General Sex-vices
Administration. He quit to take
another job, but did not disclose
its nature.
Wit JEtiming Sfctf
ground apparatus which co-op
erated with the NKVD.
Many of these alleged co
operators were named in the re
port. Few have ever been prose
cuted, and this raises the logical
presumption that even the great
resources of the FBI were un
able to adduce information
! which was admissible in court.
It is a fair assumption also
that some of the FBl’s informa
tion characterized as coming
from reliable and confidential
sources was obtained by wire
tapping, not admissible in court.
Otherwise, it is difficult to ex
plain why pi-osecutions were not
begun. Diplomatic reasons may
have made inadvisable the dis
closure and expulsion of Russian
employes known to be engaged
in espionage.
In any event, the Russians
moved their agents frequently.
The end of the war particularly
seemed to mark a turning point,
! the White House was informed.
Os all those in various Soviet
agencies who had been at work
during the war, only three re
(See WILSON, Page A-3.)
Ole Miss Gives Terps
Biggest Test in Bid
For Unbeaten Season
Young But Strong Team
Brought to College Park
By Upset-Minded Rebels
By Merrell Whittlesey
Mai-yland’s bid for its second
undefeated football season in
the last three years was to meet
, its strongest test today in the
University of Mississippi, the
Nation’s llth-ranked team.
The Terps, ranked second in
the Associated Press poll, rated
from even money to 14-point
favorites over the once-beaten
Rebels in the 2 o’clock game in
Byrd Stadium at College Park.
With clear, mild weather fore
cast, late ticket sales may boost
the attendance over the 30,000
mark, but there is little chance
of a sellout.
Terps Win Eight Straight.
Mainland has won eight
straight and 27 of its last 29
games, while Ole Miss, possibly
the country’s most underrated
team because of its out-of-the
way location, has won 16, lost
two and tied two of its last 20.
It was a week later In Novem
ber last year that Maryland took
a 19-game streak to Oxford, Miss.
The Tei-ps were disturbed about
their bowl prospects and made
the mistake of taking the Rebels
lightly. Ole Miss won, 21-14, and
the statistics were fare more one
sided in its favor. Maryland
then lost to Alabama next week
but has won all eight games this
Bowl Officials Here.
A Maryland victory today un
doubtedly would mean that
Orange Bowl officiails here for
the contract signing with the
Atlantic Coast and Big Seven
Conferences tonight would see
one of the Orange Bowl teams in
action. Duke, beaten by Army
and tied by Navy and the Terps’
only rival for Orange Bowl favor,
would stand little chance if
Maryland wins toaay.
Only two seniors are In the
1 Mississippi starting lineup and
only seven on the squad, but
i this young team has, come a long
way. After beating Chattanooga
> (Continued on Page A-10, Col. 3.)
• Birthday Party Today
; Set for Mrs. Eisenhower
By th« Associated Press
OTTAWA, Nov. 14.—Today is
. Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s
; 57th birthday and there report
[ edly was a party in the making
for her.
Accompanying the President
> on a good will visit to this capital
r of Canada, Mrs. Eisenhower her
» self planned no special observ
, ance of the anniversary. But
. some of the White House staff
I members were understood to
i have some surprise plans. They
were not saying just what.
The President’s gift to his
wife? He reportedly gave her
one all right, but there was no
immediate word on what it was.
Deer Killed by Auto
A 200-pound deer was struck
and killed today on Route 660
near Clifton, Va. Fairfax County
j police said the big buck darted
i right in front of an automobile.
1 The car was not badly damaged.
* »
Story of 'Deal"
To Aid Spy Hunt
Called False
By James E. Roper
A high authority today cate
gorically denied reports that FBI
Director J. Edgar Hoover ap
proved a plan to keep Harry
Dexter White in the Government
in the hope that he would acci
dentally betray members of a
Soviet espionage ring.
This source said Mr. Hoover
staunchly opposed White’s 1946
appointment as Executive Di
rector of the International Mon
etary Fund
Attorney General Brownell al
most certainly will make this
clear when he testifies Tuesday
before the Senate Internal Se
curity subcommittee.
Representative Walter, Demo
crat, of Pennsylvania, a mem
ber of the House Un-American
Activities Committee, said yes
terday he had reliable informa
tion that the White case was
discussed at a 1946 conference
among these officials: Pi-esident
Truman, Attorney Genei-al Tom
C. Clark, Secretary of the Treas
ury Fred Vinson and Mr. Hoover.
Says Decision Was Made.
Mr. Walter said this confer
ence led to a mutually agreeable
decision to let White go into the
Monetary Fund, partly because
surveillance would be easy.
Other Democrats have re
ported a similar explanation for
Mr. Truman’s decision to let
White take the job at the Mone
tary Fund despite FBI reports
indicating White was a Soviet
Mr. Walter proposed that the
Un-American Activities Commit
tee question Mr. Hoover about
the reported “deal” to let Whit#
stay in the Government—under
observation. Serdtor Welker,
Republican, of Idaho, a member
of the Senate Internal Security
Committee, also proposed that
Mr. Hoover be called to the wit
ness stand.
A source whose Integrity Is
not questioned told The Star,
that Mr. Hoover could not sup
port the reported scheme.
In a conference such as the
one Mr. Walter mentioned, Mr.
Clark—not Mr. Hoover—would
have had authority to speak for
the Justice Department.
Followed Confirmation.
There was evidence that the
reported conference followed
Senate confirmation of White
to be executive director of the
Monetary Fund. This left the
Truman administration with the
problem of how to get rid of
The decision to let him remain
in the post need not have been
motivated by politics. A public
dismissal of the newly confirmed
White, along with his denuncia
tion as a spy, presumably would
have revealed to White and all
Soviet espionage agents in the
United States how far the FBI
watch on White had progressed.
Mr. Brownell formally ar
ranged to detail his charges
against the old Truman adminis
tration during a Tuesday hear
ing before the Internal Security
subcommittee of Senator Jenner,
Republican, of Indiana.
He continued to duck report
ers’ questions on the White row.
Justice Department sources, how
ever, promised that his statement
on Tuesday will be “comprehen
sive,” and go far toward filling
in some of the missing segments
of the White story.
The subcommittee has asked
Mr. Brownell for a full statement
or perhaps a summary of the
report which the FBI sent to
the White House in February,
1946, about White,
Witness in Canada Sought.
Subcommittee Chairman Jen
ner today started another at
tempt to question Igor Gouzen
ko, the code clerk who quit the
Soviet Embassy in Ottawa in
1945 and exposed the Russian
spy ring in Canada.
Senator Jenner wrote the
State Department requesting
that it again ask Canada to give
the subcommittee permission to
question Gouzenko, now living
in Canada. The Ottawa govern
ment turned down a previous re
quest, explaining that Mr. Gou
zenko already had told the pre
vious request, explaining that
Mr. Gouzenko already had told
the FBI everything he knew
about spies.
The Senate subcommittee,
however, was looking into the
cases of a whole list of persons
who, like White, at one time
worked for the American Gov
ernment even though the FBI
was investigating them for es
pionage. Senator Jenner believes
Mr. Gouzenko can explain some
of the links in the espionage
50 Tons of Bacon Ruined
—Fifty tons of bacon was ruined
yesterday in a fire that destroyed
the top floor of the seven-story
Kingan & Co. packing plant. The
ruined bacon represented one
day’s production.
Agreement on Agenda Revives
Hopes for Korean Settlement
Top-Level Negotiators Reconvene After
Week of Secret Talks by Subordinates
By the Associated Press
PANMUNJ OM, Nov. 14.
Allied and Communist diplomats
today pumped new life into
dwindling hopes for a Korean
peace settlement with agreement
on an agenda for preliminary
talks to arrange a political con
Top-level negotiators recon
vened after a week-long recess
and approved an agenda di-afted
by staff advisers in six secret
The agreement provides for
simultaneous discussion of a
time and place for the peace
conference and of nations which
will attend. Communist insist
ence on deciding the composi
tion first had deadlocked the
preliminary talks for three weeks.
Approval of the agenda will
get the stalled preliminary talks
under way but United States En
voy Arthur Dean told newsmen:
"This is just the key that opens
the door. The real hard work is
just commencing.”
POW Talks Still Stalled.
Meanwhile non-Communist
members of the Koi’ean Repatri
ation Commission were increas
ingly pessimistic over the future
of Red interviews with Chinese
and Korean war prisoners who
have refused to go home.
Explanations have been can
celed for nine sti-aight days be
cause of Communist demands to
interview prisoners called- up
but not interviewed November 5.
Armin Daeniker, Swiss mem
ber of the commission, said today
the future of the explanation
program doesn’t "look very
"The only solution seems to
be a change of mind by the
northern (Communist) com
mand. If that is not forthcom
ing the work may have to go
on by other means—but we
shouldn't talk too much about
that at this stage,” he added.
Only 38 days remain for per
suasion interviews with some
20,000 prisoners. India is ex
pected to use her custodial offi
cers to determine which POWs
wish to return if the Reds con
tinue their delays.
Similar to Dean Proposal.
The agenda for the preliminary
political talks closely parallels a
plan proposed first by Mr. Dean
October 31. At that time Red
negotiators called it “sleight of
hand” and “absolutely unaccept
Mr. Dean said after today’s
meeting that he always has been
optimistic about chances for a
Korean peace conference “and
I am even more optimistic now.”
Mr. Dean and the Communist
negotiators will meet again
Monday to iron out working
| plans for subcommittee discus
The top United Nations nego
tiator said he probably would
Trooper and Fugitive Are Hurt
As Cars Crack Up in Chase
A Maryland State trooper was
Injured last night when his
cruiser smashed into a pole dur
ing an 85-mile-per-hour chase
along Queens Chapel road. The
car he was pursuing also crashed.
The policeman, Pvt. Jack
Corum, 26, was admitted to
Prince Georges General Hospital
with face cuts and possible head
injuries. The hospital said his
condition was not serious.
Donald Lee Rodenhi, 33. of
the 1600 block of Franklin street
N.E., who, police said, was driving
the other car, was treated at the
same hospital for an injured
nose. He was charged with ex
ceeding 70 miles an hour and
was held in the Prince Georges
police jail at Hyattsville under
SI,OOO bond. .
Both cars crashed at the in
tersection of Queens Chapel
sit on one of the subcommittees
The Communists have insisted
from the beginning that they
would discuss a time and place
for the peace conference only
after a decision on their demand
that neutral nations—particu
larly Asian neutrals —be invited
to attend.
Composition Tops List.
Mr. Dean has insisted that
time and place be decided first.
He offered to exchange views
on composition of the conference
after that, but told the Reds he
has no authority to decide the
The U. N. Assembly voted to
Invite belligerent nations to the
peace conference, with Russia
sitting on the Communist side
if North Korea and Red China
invite her.
The agenda adopted today
lists composition and place first,
followed by time, procedural
matters, administi’ative arrange-,
j ments and expenditures for the
political conference.
Informed quarters said listing
composition at the top of the
agenda—as demanded by the
Communists—is not significant
since all items will be discussed
Mr. Dean said the Communists
feared that if they agreed on
a time and place first, allied
negotiators would walk out on
the preliminary talks.
“I assured them this was not
the case,” he added.
Catholic Priests Accused
Os Aiding Bolivia Revolt
By the Associated Press
LA PAZ, Bolivia, Nov. 14.
The government has charged
that some Roman Catholic
clergymen aided this week’s
| abortive revolt.
Minister of Government Fed
; erico Fortun in a letter to the
auxiliary bishop of La Paz yes
terday said members of the
clergy helped pass firearms to
! the revolutionists.
The outbreak Monday between
government forces and right
wing rebels in La Paz and
Cochoabama lasted only a few
hours, but 23 persons were re
ported killed and 40 wounded.
Fortun’s letter to Bishop Jorge
Manrique replied to a request
for permission for priests to
visit jailed political prisoners.
Mr. Fortun turned down the re
quest on grounds the visits might
be used to co-ordinate subver
{sive acts.
Falangist Party Chief Oscar
| Unzaga de la Vega, accused of
leading the revolt, and several
other revolutionists yesterday
1 were grenated safe conduct
j passes to leave the country. They
I had taken refuge in foreign em-
I bassies to avoid arrest.
road. Eastern and Michigan ave
nues. just inside the District.
Trooper Corum was close be
hind Rodenhi’s car as they sped
along Queens Chapel road to
ward the District line. District
police estimated they were trav
eling 85 miles an hour.
Two cars were stopped on
Queens Chapel road at Michigan
and Eastern avenues. Police said
Rodenhi swerved to the right
and Trooper Corum swerved to
the left to avoid hitting the
stopped cars. Trooper Corum’s
cruiser rammed into a traffic sig
nal box on the southeast corner
of the intersection. Rodenhi’s car
struck a pole on the northeast
comer, then bounced into a
fence and light pole on the
northwest corner. The cruiser
and the car were both badly
Home Delivery. Monthly R«te». Evenln* »nd Sunday, Sl.7ft. K PI? WTO
Evenings onlv SI .30: Sunday only 86c: Night Final 10c Additional ** v-iAJiv ± o
Automobile Plunges
Through Open Bridge
During Heavy Fog
One Body Recovered,
Two Others Feared Lost
Near Williamsburg, Va.
By th» Associated Press
14. —An automobile plunged
through an open draw of fog
shrouded Barret’s Ferry Bridge
today and carried at least one
man to death in the swift Chick
ahominy River.
Two others were feared lost
with him.
Rescue crews recovered the
body of Homer E. Cox, 51, a Wil
liamsburg contractor, near the
spot his car tumbled in while
the draw was open to permit
passage of a fishing boat.
Hunters See Accident.
Duck hunters in a blind near
the bridge said the car went
through the draw about 6:35 a.m.
Mr, Cox reportedly was accom
panied by two companions. _
A diver from Fort Eustis,
Corpl. Edward Paquette, found
the car in 30 feet of watef. It
rested on its top and was par
tially imbedded in the river muck.
He managed to lash a cable to
the car and it was brought to
the surface at 11:08 a.m.
One Body in Car.
Mr. Cox’s body was in the car.
Beside him on the front seat
was his shotgun.
The bridge, linking Charles
City and James City Counties,
is part of State road 5 and
crosses the Chickahominy about
a mile above its confluence with
the James River. It is about 10
miles west of Williamsburg.
Mrs. D. E. Midkiff, owner of
a small fishing resort near the
bridge, said the fog was very
heavy cm the bridge at the time
the car went through the open
draw and the driver apparently
could not see the light gate that
swings across the roadway when
the draw is open.
Carney Sees Greater Need
For Defense of Formosa
By th* Astociattd Pratt
TAIPEH, Formosa, Nov. 14.
Admiral Robert B. Carney, United
States Chief of Naval Operations,
said today the need for defense
i of the Chinese Nationalist strong
hold was greater than he had
been led to believe.
“If anything, there should be
an increase” in American naval
strength in the Pacific, the tour
ing admiral told a news confer
j ence
He said the Joint Chiefs of
Staff were aware of Formosa’s
I strategic importance, but he
added that possible delivery of
warships to Generalissimo Chi
ang Kai-shek's forces posed great
First of all, he said, larger
ships are in short supply the
world over, and. secondly, before
big vessels could be ./transferred
to the Nationalists, crews must
be trained to man and maintain
Heavy Fog Slows Traffic;
GW Gridders Grounded
A heavy blanket of fog in the
Metropolitan area slowed auto
mobile traffic to a crawl early
Planes were grounded at the
Washington National Airport as
late as 9:45 a.m.
Among the throngs waiting to
leave was the entire George
' Washington University football
team which was due to leave at
9 a.m. Airport officials said the
team finally took off for David
son, N. C.. at 10:45. The wait
was expected to delay this after
noon’s game with Davidson Col
The bureau predicted a sunny j
though hazy day with another
fog blanket closing in after mid
night tonight.
Real Estate
Pages B-l-14
President Asks
Joint Defense in
A-Bomb Peril
Canadians Warned
Quick Action Is Vital
On Soviet Threat
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
OTTAWA, Nov. 14.—President
Eisenhower today told a joint
session of the Canadian Parlia
ment that the security plans of
the United States and Canada
“must now take into account
Soviet ability to employ atomic
attack on North America.”
Warning that “the threat is
present” and that, consequently,
the two nations must act to
gether to build defenses without
loss of time, the President
summed up:
“The basic threat of Com
munist purpose still exists. In
deed, the latest Soviet communi
cation to the Western world is
truculent, not to say arrogant,
in tone. Our security plans must
now take into account Soviet
ability to employ atomic attack
on North America, as well as
countries friendly to us, lying
closer to the U. S. S. R. Their
atomic stockpile will, of course,
increase in size and means of
delivery will improve as time
goes on.”
Anxious for Peace.
The President said once more
! that the United States is anxious
!to explore every avenue that
| might lead to peace as he
! stressed that “the bankruptcy of
armament races and the suicide
i of nuclear war” cannot be tol
erated long.
Gen. Eisenhower spoke in the
j chamber of the House of Com
mons, where House and Senate
convene jointly. The address was
! broadcast, and for the first time
| in Commons history the proceed
| ings there were televised. Mrs.
! Eisenhower heard the speech
: from the speaker’s gallery,
j Gen. Eisenhower got into the
j question of joint defense after
I urging patience and understand
ing on the part of the Canadians
on two other issues involving the
relationship of the two coun
tries: Trade and the St. Law
rence Seaway development.
Prefacing his blunt warning
against Soviet use of atomic
weapons with the assertion that
Canada and the United States
“can and will devise” measures
to guard against surprise air
attack, the President said firmly
that “we shall achieve the de
fense of our continent without
whittling ,our pledge to Western
Europe or forgetting our friends
in the Pacific.”
Act as Partners.
Throughout the discussion of
defensive mechanism. Gen. Ei
senhower emphasized that the
United States and Canada must
work in the “effective partner
ship” that is a recognized factor
on both sides of the border.
Stressing the presence of the
Communist threat, the President
indicated that a program already
was ready for presentation when
he said:
"The measures of defense have
been thoroughly studied by offi
cial bodies of both countries.
The permanent Joint Board on
Defense has worked assiduously
and effectively on mutual prob
lems. Now is the time for action
on all agreed measures.”
The President talked at some
length about trade, an important
subject right now in Canada,
which is hopeful of seeing more
j liberal foreign buying policies
adopted by the United States.
Economies Enmeshed.
Calling for recognition of the
fact that trade barriers adopted
to protect a country’s economy
often, instead, bring injury, Gen.
Eisenhower nevertheless pointed
out that the economies of the
United States and Canaria are
j enmeshed too intricately with
j world economy to permit quick
I changes.
"We cannot risk sudden disln
' cation in industry and agricul
ture and widespread uncmplov
| ment and distress, by hasty de
cisions to accomplish suddenly
what inevitably will come In an
i orderly economic evolution ” he
“ ‘Make haste slowly’ is a
homely maxim with international
J validity ”
The President told of creating
the commission headed by Clar
ence G Randall to study trade
and tariffs. He said that from
I this study “will come, we hope,
a policy which can command the
| support of the American people
j and which will be in the best
interest of the United States
and the free world.”
Turning then to the newly
created joint United States-Can
(See EISENHOWER. Page A-3.)
Salvation Army
Calls for Teamwork
A FAMILY JOB—H. Robert Gil
bert and his wife are typical Salva
tion Army workers. Star Staff Writer
Bernie Goodrich tells how they and
their five children make a go of it.
Page A-6.
Guide for Readers
Amuse’nts 8-12-13 Lost, Found A 3
Churches .. A-6-9 Obituary . Al 2
Classified .A-12-21 Radio-TV A-23
Comics ...A-22-23 Real Estate B-1-14
Editorial ...J.A-4 Society A-5
Edit’l Articles.-A-5 Sports A-10-11

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