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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 21, 1953, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Probably rain tonight, with lowest around
55. Tomorrow, cloudy with rain likely.
(Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 53 6 a.m 49 11 a m.4__.55
2 a.m 53 8 a.m 51 Noon 56
4 a.m 50 10 a.m 53 1 p.m 59
An Associoted Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 325.
D. C. Tax Rise
Would Bring
$5.3 Million
X
Total of $lO Million
Projected to Finance
Public Works
The District Commissioners to
day were readying legislation
proposing a $5.3 million tax rise
for the city, which, coupled with
already projected increases in
water rates and a new sewer
charge, would add up to a $lO
million program.
The city heads late yesterday
set forth in eight points a local
Texh of Commissioners' Statement on
Proposed Taxes. Page A-3
tax increase schedule designed
specifically to help finance a
10-year, $305 million project
for improving Washington’s phy
sical plant.
Eight-Point Proposal.
Their recommendations, which
must be approved by Congress,
call for the following increases:
1. Individual income—Up 1 per
cent in all categories, to realize
about $1.6 million annually.
2. Beer—Trebled for a new
total of $3 per barrel, sl.l mil
lion annually.
3. Other alcoholic beverages—
Spirits up 25 cents from the
present 75 cents per gallon;
champagne up 8 cents from the
present 22 cents and wine up 5
cents from the present 15-cent
per gallon level. Total increase,
sl.l million.
4. Gasoline—Up a penny per
gallon to 6 cents, totaling $750,-
000 per year additional revenues.
5. Cigarettes—Up 1 cent per
pack over the present penny tax,
totaling $750,000.
6. Insurance premium net re
ceipts—Up one-half of 1 per
cent from the present 2 per
cent level, totaling $500,000 in
crease.
7. Substitution of a gross re
ceipts tax on Capital Transit
Co. for several scattered taxes
and increase of franchise tax
on companies operating buses
only—Total of SSO,OOO to be felt
almost entirely by bus com
panies.
8. Communications A new
sales tax on telephone and tele
gram service, totaling $400,000
additional revenue.,
$lO Million Total.
These newly revealed tax in
creases would be in addition to
the 25-to-33 per cent increases
in water rates, as well as the im
position of a’new sewer service
charge—equal to half the con
sumer’s water bill. The grand
total thus would be close, to $lO
million annually.
Spokesmen for the beer, liquor
and cigarette distributors here
either indicated or declared
flatly that the tax boosts will be
passed on to the consumers.
Clem P. Preller, president of
the Central Labor Union, de
clared that the proposals "make
the woi king .man, the poor man,
pay for the whole thing. That’s
the part we don’t like.’’
Spokesmen for the beer dis
tributors and restaurant inter
ests concluded that alcoholic
beverage tax increases may
drive some of the smaller res
taurants out of business or out
of the city. Said one: "It’s a
question of absorbing the tax
and going out of business, or
passing it along to the customer
and going out of business.”
Representative O’Hara, Re
publican, of Minnesota, said that
either he or Chairman Simpson,
Republican, of Illinois, chairman
of the full committee, will in
troduce legislation embracing
the whole works program.
A bill authdrizing $332 million
in public works construction, to
be financed by Federal grants
and interest-free loans, was in
troduced last summer by Mr.
Simpson.
Substitute Bill
This bill is still pending. But
Samuel Spencer, chairman of
the Board of Commissioners,
said that the original bill will
be withdrawn in favor of a
brand-new "one-package” mea
sure detailing the modified con
struction program as well as the
formula for its financing.
The downward revisions, in
sisted on by the Federal Budget
Bureau and agreed to by the
Commissioners, resulted in the
cutting to $305 million. The
cutback further embraced an in
crease of Federal payments to
(See WORKS. Page A-3.)
Stocks in the Spotlight I
NEW YORK UP\. Following are the
■ales (add 00). blah. low. closing price
and net change of the 21 most active
stocks for the week:
Sales. High. Low. Close. Chge.
Radio Cora. 772 22 21 21% V«
Pepsi-Cola 781 14(4 13% 13% __
RKO Theatr 719 4% 4% 4% %
Republic Stl 875 60% 47% 49%-!- %
Equ Off Bldg 6!*l B*4 7% «%+ %
Lockheed Air 622 28% 27% 28% -f %
Columb Qas 491 13% 12% 13 %
Martin G L- 471 15% is 15%+ %
. Fairchild _ 451 9% 9 9%+ %
Am Viscose 439 37% 35% 36%—1%
Am Tel A T 437 156% 155% 156% + %
Curtiss Wrgt 430 8% 7% 8 + %
ACF Brill 414 5% 454 5% + %
Servel Ino.. 413 8% 7% 8 + %
D S steel .. 41*0 38% 37% 37% — %
Gen Motors 398 68% 57% 58% *4
N Y Central 397 19% 19% 19% %
Penn RR . 384 18% 17% 18%— %
United Corn 384 5 % 4% 5 + V«
Am Radiator 3** 14% 13% 134
Pacific. S7« *3% 33% S2%— %
Phone ST. 3-5000 ★★
'Piltdown Man' Branded Hoax;
Jaw and Tooth Are From Apes
Famous Relic Faked, British Experts Reveal;
Cranium Genuine, But Age Is Cut in Half
By the Associated Press |
LONDON, Nov. 21.—Three
British Museum and Oxford sci
entists declared today the skull
of the fabulous “Piltdown man,”
accepted for 40 years by many of
the world’s top anthropologists
as a relic of man’s earliest his
tory, is a phony.
They branded the relic the
product of a “most elaborate and
carefully prepared hoax, partly
faked from Jipe bones.
“The faking is so extraordi
narily skillful and the perpetra
tion of the hoax appears to have
been so unscrupulous and inex
plicable as to find no parallel
in the history of paleontological
discovery,” they said.
Charles Dawson, an attorney
and amateur antiquarian, dis
covered part of the skull in a
southern England gravel pit m
1911, In the next two years he
produced from the same pit a
jawbone and a tooth which some
anthropologists said established
the skull’s age as at least 100,000
and perhaps 600,000 years old.
Mr. Dawson died in 1916 and
a monument to his discovery
now stands in the Sussex fields
near the gravel pit where he
found fame.
Today s challenge came from
National Guard Units
Will Aid in Defense
Against Air Raids
First of 'Minute Men'
Groups in 26 States
To Be Formed Here
By John A. Giles
The National Guard, led off
by the District units, will begin
active participation in the de
fense of major Industrial and
population centers against sud
den aerial attack. •
Regular Army units have the
sole responsibility for such de
fenses now.
The majority of the Guard
units will have their equipment
permanently stationed “on site”
where they will receive special
training. In emergencies, indi
vidual Guardsmen would speed
directly to battle stations from
homes or jobs.
The remainder of the units
will be prepared to augment
“promptly the existing antiair
craft defenses in the event of
emergency,” Maj. Gen. Edger C.
Erickson, chief of the National
J Guard Bureau, said today,
j Maj. Gen. William H. Aben
i droth, chief of the bureau’s
Army Division and commander
of the District National Guard,
said he thought “it only natural”
that the local units will lead off
the program.
Nike Work Later.
He said they would use 90-mm.
and 120-mm. guns but he antici
s pated that they would “work
i gradually into the Nike-guided
! missile battaljons.
“However, there are no plans
j for the Guardsmen to go into
that field immediately.”
The Nike is capable of shoot
ing down a bomber up to some
30 miles distant. It travels at
speeds far exceeding that of
sound. The Army is now setting
up Nike units around Washing-
I ton and other major cities—some
of them underground. The bat
teries require an average of 96
acres of ground because part of
the missiles drop off after they
get underway.
The National Guard “Minute
Man” units eventually will be set
up in 26 States, including Vir
ginia.
The plan, which will take sev
eral years to complete, calls for
the Guard to establish 91 “on
site” anti-aircraft battalions,
each with four batteries.
Some Units Below Strength.
Units participating will be as
signed “on-site” positions for
training -only, until they meet
minimum qualifications of
strength and training. Some of
the units are not up to strength.
After this training phase the
units will assume operational
responsibility for the positions
on a permanent basis.
Gen. Abendroth said the Guard
was “happy to accept the re
sponsibility” and added it would
“not in any way affect the
Guard's mission. It is a logical
move.”
In an attempt to build up its
strength the Guard will raise
its age requirements so that
veterans or specialists may be
enlisted. Original enlistments
are open to men up to 45 years
of age.
Guard units are seeking par
ticularly personnel with previous
military service and specialists
in radar, electronics and fire
control.
Bidault Resting Quietly
After Near-Collapse
•r H» Associated Prass
PARIS, Nov. 21.—French For
eign Minister Georges Bidault,
who almost collapsed yesterday
in the National Assembly, passed
a good night and is resting
quietly, a spokesman at the For
eign Office said today.
He said Mr. Bidault fully ex
pects to be present for the con
clusion of the National Assem
bly’s debate on foreign policy
She Mumm
V y J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1953-FORTY PAGES.
Dr. K. P. Oakley of the British
Museum and two Oxford Uni
versity professors. Dr. J. E. Wei
ner and Dr. W. E. Le Gros Clark.
They reported in today’s “Bul
letin of the British Museum”
that up-to-the-minute chemical
tests have proved the jawbone
and tooth to be deliberate fakes.
Both jaw and tooth, they said,
came from a modern ape. Since
apes don’t live in Sussex, that
means they must have been
planted.
The tooth, the Investigators
said, had been artificially pared
down to disguise its original
shape, and the jaw had been
stained with bichromate of pot
ash and iron to match the col
oring of other skull" pieces.
The cranium itself is a genu
ine fossil, the scientists said, but
they put its age at 50,000 years,
less than half the previous widely
held minimum.
The investigators said their
exposure “clarifies very consider
ably the problem of human evo
lution” because the odd shape
of the Piltdown jaw had long
baffled the experts.
They urged that experts taken
in by the fraud should not be
too hurt about it.
Teamwork Program
Hailed at Hearings in
Fight on Delinquency
Scheme Favored Here
Gains Supporters at
Senate Unit's Sessions
By Miriam Ottenberg
Neighborhood teamwork to
reach children in trouble is
, winning wide indorsement from
witnesses before the Senate Juve
nile Delinquency Subcommittee.
This is the method now being
developed here ‘by the Commis
sioners’ Youth Council. The
council plaris to create area
teams throughout Washington
with the goal of preventing de
linquency.
The Senate investigators of
juvenile delinquency were in re
cess today until Monday, when
they plan to delve further into
dope addiction among young peo
ple.
The idea of halting juvenile
gang warfare by getting to the
boys where they live was de
scribed yesterday by witnesses
from both New York and Los
Angeles. *
The California witness, Karl
Holton, Los Angeles County’s
chief probation officer, said a
team of citizens living in trouble
areas are on call to deal with
tensions as they arise. Rumors of
a gang fight, he said, prompt
members of this team to go to
work. They talk to the boys and
try to head off trouble.
Prevention, he said, begins in
the local neighborhoods. He ad
vocated teams composed of rep
resentatives of the local PTA, a
policeman who knows the boys
in the area, a teacher and a case
worker, who can pool their in
formation and reach the chil
dren before they get into serious
trouble.
! An institution superintendent,
j Mrs. Marie L. Carter of the lowa
j Training School for Girls, said <
the job of rehabilitating young
sters probably could be done just
as well and less expensively in
local communities, rather than
in institutions, if probation offi
cers, teachers and social workers
got together to help the children.
“An institution at its best.”
she declared, “cannot possibly do
for a child what the home and
the community could do.”
Mrs. Carter also proposed a
screening center in each State,
staffed by psychiatrists, psychol
ogists and social workers, who
would diagnose the cases of chil
dren in trouble, give them treat
(See DELINQUENCY. Page A-5.)
Mill's Gas Main Blasted
OAKDALE, La., Nov. 21 (JP).
—State police reported yester
day that the gas main leading
into nearby Elizabeth, scene of
a 14-month paper mill strike,
! was blasted for the 42d time
: Thursday. No one was reported
injured.
Perhaps Baby Joe Didn't Die in Vain
By the Associated Press
MARTINEZ, Calif., Nov. 21.
The life-giving water that surges
through the Contra Costa Irri
gation Canal, running unfenced
through this Northern Califor
nia community, also brings death
at times. It has claimed 33 lives.
The concrete sides of the Gov
ernment-owned canal are steep
and slippery. It’s 30 feet wide.
Few who have fallen inside £tave
come out alive.
To Warren Anderson, it did
not seem right that every one
sat back and complained, but
did nothing, so he wrote this
letter to President Eisenhower:
“Mr. President:
“I want to build a fence for
my boy Joe. There’s an un
fenced canal that meanders
through our county here in Cali
£>raia. We live just a few yajps
French Occupy
Big Rebel Base
In Indo-China
Paratroopers Jump
By Thousands to
Seize Strategic Spot
By tho Associated Prass
DIEN BIEN PHU, Indo-China,
Nov. 21.—Thousands of French
and Viet Namese paratroopers
have jumped deep into moun
tain territory of the Communist
led Viet Minh to grab a major
base for new raids on their guer
rilla foes,
The French high command
announced their forces, sup
ported by United States-supplied
fighter-bombers, yesterday seized
this big rebel wsir base. 180 miles
west of Hanoi Another 1,000
troops parachuted into the rice
growing plain today, landing
without resistance.
The French claimed to have
inflicted heavy casualties on the
Red-commanded rebels. It was
believed the Reds had about one
regiment of 3.000 men around
the town. A full Viet Minh di
vision, No. 316, is based about
50 miles to the east.
Rallying Point Provided.
Gen. Rene Cogny, French
commander in North Indo-
China, said the capture:
1. Provides a center for the
i rallying and training of partisan
fighters from the pro-French
j Thai tribes and for raids by
them and the French forces on
the Viet Minh.
2. Removes a major threat to
the Thai tribal capital of Lai
Chau, 50 miles to the north.
The Viet Minh failed to capture
Lai Chau in their sweeping of
fensive last winter which seized
large areas of the Thai country.
3. Takes from the rebels a
potential springboard for a re
! newed attack on the kingdom
of Laos, whose northern fron
tier is less than 10 miles south
of Dien Bien Phu.
I 4. Seizes a "highly important”
Viet Minh base in the center
of a rice-growing area and at
the crossroads of supply routes
to the northeast and to the
south.
Operation Is Fast.
Gen. Cogny said the French
dropped “many battalions” on
the broad plain around Dien
Bien Phu and that they quickly
captured the town and its air
field. Fighter bombers flew
more than 100 sorties against
the area.
In previous such paratroop
raids deep in enemy territory,
the French have aft
er destroying enemy arms > and
stores. This time, said Gen.
Cogny, they would remain and
shortly would be reinforced by
airborne troops and war supplies
poured in through the captured
airfield.
As troops worked rapidly to’
repair the airstrip—built by the
French and used by the Japa
nese in World War 11. American
built helicopters whirred down
to remove the French and Viet
Namese wounded to Lai Chau.
From there they were flown to
Hanoi.
Hiss Parole Plea
Review Due Today
By tho Associated Press
Alger Hiss, whose first request
for parole was unanimously re
jected last year, gets another
chance in an annual review of
his case today by the Federal
Parole Board.
Hiss, a former State Depart
ment employe, was convicted
January 25, 1950, on charges of
lying when he denied under oath
that he passed Government se
crets to a Soviet spy ring before
World War 11.
He began serving a five-year
sentence March 22, 1951, at the
Lewisburg (Pa.) Federal Peni
tentiary. Even without parole
he would be elegible for release
in November, 1954, counting al
lowances for good behavior.
Parole Board spokesman said
the new review is automatic and
does not require Hiss’ appear
ance. The meeting today is
closed to the public, with an an
i nouncement of a decision there
i after.
from it and it’s a danger to our
children.
“I can't fence it, nor can any
1 of my neighbors, because it be
longs to our Government. That’s
why I’m writing to you.
. I think if you had known
about it, one of your first acts
as President would have been
to have fenced it. Because the
canal, Mr. President, has taken
33 lives, mostly babies like your
grandson David and my boy Joe.
“Let me tell you about Joe.
He’s only 3, Mr. President, but
he’s all boy, and there's not a
week goes by that his little body
doesn’t have cuts or scratches :
or bums because of the boy in j
him.
"I can’t tell you everything
about Joe, Mr. President, be- j
cause I haven’t the words, but |
if I tell you what he means to
me, maybe you’ll build this fence
for him that I want so much to
build. |
G. O. P. Given Campaign Lift
By White Case, Hall Declares
Canadian Envoy Tells State Department
Disclosure of 1946 Letter Is Surprise
By the Associated Press
Republican National Chair
man Leonard W. Hall said today
the Harry Dexter White case
has given a “tremendous lift” to
the G. O. P. in advance of next
year’s congressional election
campaigns.
But Democratic Senators said
they doubt any advantage the
Republicans may have gained
will be lasting. They predicted
the administration’s farm, tax
and spending programs will be
regarded by the voters as far
more important.
Mr. Hall said In an interview
he believes the charges of laxity
toward Communists in Govern
ment, made by Attorney Gen
eral Brownell against former
President Truman, “have helped
us.”
“The impression I have gained
by talking to people all over the
country is that this matter has
given a tremendous lift to our
organization,” he said.
Although Mr. Hall didn’t say
Leading Italian Driver
Killed in Road Race
By the Associated Press •
LEON. Mexico, Nov. 21.—The
Pan-American Road Race Com
mittee announced today that
Felice Bonetto of Italy had been
killed in an accident. The com
mittee confirmed reports that
Bonetto struck an electric light
post while his Lancia car was
racing through Silao.
Bonetto was fighting furiously
at the time to keep his lead over
Humberto Maglioli’s Ferrari.
Maglioli moved into the lead
when Bonetto failed to arrive at
Leon, finish line of the first of
the day’s two laps.
Bonetto, third in the Mille
Miglia race this year, had won
the first leg of the Pan-American
event Thursday. He was second
in both of yesterday’s legs, but
was still in the lead in the gen
eral classification.
He was the third Italian driver
killed during the three days of
this event. Antonio Stagnoli and
his co-pilot, Giuseppi Scotuzzi,
were killed the first day of the
race. Four spectators were alsp
killed the first day, making the
total deaths so far seven.
Late News
Bulletin
Flyer Goes IJ2O M.P.H.
LOS ANGELES
search Pilot Scott Crossfield
flew a Douglas Skyrocket plane
twice the speed of sound yes
terday, it was announced to
day. He attained the speed
of 1,320 miles per hour. This
is the fastest man has ever
flown.
Bulletin
“Joe means love to me. His
little goodby kiss in the morning
. makes the struggle of earning a
| living so much easier because I
know that Joe will accomplish
his dreams, even though J failed
in mine. He will, Mr. President,
because he’s Joe and his mommy
and daddy love him.
“Please build this fence, Mr.
President.”
And then he added, almost as
an afterthought, this last heart
breaking paragraph to his letter.
“Build it for Joe—not my Joe
now because he was the last boy
I the canal took from his mama
| and daddy. Not for my Joe, but
| for some other little Joe—or
David—who’s all boy and will be
No. 34.
(Signed) “Warren Anderson.”
Last Monday little Joe Ander
son toddled to the edge of the
I canal, swayed a moment, dropped
1 as his horrified mother watchfc.
so, he apparently holds the view
that Mr. Brownell’s sensational
charges—that Mr. Truman pro
moted White despite FBI reports
on White's alleged espionage ac
tivities put the Republicans
back on the offensive after they
had lost special congressional
elections in Wisconsin and New
Jersey.
Mr. Brownell’s charges, made
November 6, precipitated an im
mediate storm of Republican and
Democratic outcries, and today
there were signs of international
repercussions.
A State Department spokes
man said Canadian Ambassador
A. D. P. Heeney called on Un
dersecretary Walter Bedell Smith
yesterday and “expressed sur
prise” at the public disclosure
that the FBI had information
from Canadian government
sources in 1946 about White.
Mr. Brownell made the dis
closure Tuesday when, in testi
(See WHITE, Page A-3.)
'Smaze' Is Lessened;
More Rain Tonight
The murky “smaze” which has
plagued the Washington area
for the past three days lessened
but was still apparent today.
The Weather Bureau defined
smaze as a combination of smoke
and haze.
This morning fog added to the
murky situation. At the Na
tional Airport visibility was lim
ited to 400 feet. The fog began
clearing away by midmorning
but the smaze remained.
The forecast called for cloudy
skies and intermittent rain today
and tonight. Tomorrow will be
mild, cloudy and a possibility
of showers existed. The tem
perature will drop to the middle
50s tonight.
The same was not confined
to Washington. Most cities on
the East Coast, from Virginia to
New England, were affected.
Busy Idlewild and La Guardia
Airports in New York were at
a standstill all night and this
morning. In Connecticut road
traffic was snarled and more
than 20 accidents were reported
on one section of the Merritt
parkway. Traffic on the north
ern section of the New Jersey
turnpike was slowed to 35 miles
an hour.
99 More Guerrillas
Are Flown From Burma
. By tho Associated Press
TAIPEH, Formosa, Nov. 21.
The number of Chinese Na
tionalist guerrillas flown here
from North Burma reached 869
today, with the arrival of 99
more.
About 2,500 to 3,000 guerrillas
and dependents are being evac
uated from Burma, where they
fled in 1949 as Communist
armies overran South China.
Reds Now Claim
First Rockets and
Rifled Cannon
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 21.—The Rus
sians laid claim today to being
first in the field with a whole
range of modern war weapons,
including rockets, quick-firing
cannon and mine throwers.
Moscow radio also quoted Col.
Gen. Fomin, identified as a So
viet artillery commander, as
saying the Russians also in
vented rifled gun barrels 200
years before any one else and
were the first to use breech
loading cannon.
By the beginning of World
War n, he added, Soviet ar
tillery was “superior In fighting
and technical qualities to artil
lery of any other country in
the world.” A
Hum* Delivery, Monthly Rate*. Evenlh* and Sunday. #1.75. & PVMTQ
Evenlnas only. 31.30: Sunday only. 66c: Night Pinal 10c Additional V-jL-ilv AO
Terps Face Alabama
In Bid for Another
Undefeated Season
Dry Field Is Assured
At Start of Game
Despite Showers
By Merrell Whittlesey
Maryland, the only team in
the Nation to hold the opposi
tion to the equivalent of less
than a touchdown a game, was
out for an unbeaten season, an
Orange Bowl bid and its sixth
shutout today against Alabama.
The rain which began falling
this morning might be an aid in
holding down the scoring—both
Alabama’s and Maryland’s. The
field should be reasonably dry
for the start of the game at 2
p.m., however, as the Byrd Stad
ium gridiron was covered by a
tarpaulin.
The rain also likely will hold
down the crowd to well under the
37,000 capacity.
Coach Jim Tatum’s Terps,
ranked second in the Nation be
hind the only other unbeaten
team—Notre Dame—were a 13-
point favorite to make Alabama
their 10th victim in what would
be Maryland’s second perfect
season in three years.
Last year Alabama upset
Maryland, 27-7, at Mobile and
won an Orange Bowl bid on
the strength of the victory. Al
though the Atlantic Coast Con
ference must vote to make it
official, the Terps could clinch
an Orange Bowl bid by winning
today, now that the Miami clas
sic has been tied up. by the ACC
and Big Seven.
Scout Sooners Today.
The Terps thought enough of
their Orange Bowl chances to
send Emmet Cheek to Lincoln,
Nebr., today to scout Oklahoma
against the Cornhuskers. Okla
homa already has won its way
to the January 1 game in Miami
as the Big Seven Conference
champion.
Alabama also has hopes for
the Sugar Bowl bid, no less, de
spite a defeat by Mississippi
Southern and ties with LSU,
Mississippi State and Tennessee.
The situation is so muddled in
the Southeast and Southwest
that any fast-finishing team
among a dozen or more could
win a major bowl bid. The Tide
must play Auburn next week in
its final game.
, There was much at stake for
the Terps today, including pos
sible top ranking for the season
if Notre Dame should lose one
of its last three games, and All-
American bids for one or more
of three players.
This was Maryland’s- day to
(Continued on Page A-10, Col. 3.)
Elizabeth and Duke Dance
In Last Fling Before Trip
By tho Associated Pros*
LONDON, Nov. 21.—Queen
Elizabeth and the Duke of Edin
burgh danced until. 3 a.m. today
in a final fling before their de- j
parture Monday night for sunny
southern islands and a trip
around the world.
With some 40 close friends,
they celebrated their sixth wed
ding anniversary at a secretly
planned dance in the ballroom
of Clarence House, home of
Queen Mother Elizabeth and
Princess Margaret.
Then the royal couple went
off to Windsor for a last visit
with their children.
The Queen and the Duke will
be away six months on a hand
shaking trip designed to give,
thousands of her subjects a
glimpse of their 27-year-old 1
Queen. It will be the first time ,
a British sovereign has made a
world trip.
War Captives Exchanged
NEW DELHI, India, Nov. 21
</P).—lndia and Pakistan yes
terday exchanged in "a cordial
atmosphere” 24 prisoners taken
during their fighting in Kashmir,
the Indian defense ministry an
nounced last night. A
Real Estate
Section
Pages B-l-16
President Fails
To Win Aid on
Social Security
Let Tax Rise Stand,
Reed, Curtis Insist
At White House Visit
By Robert K. Walsh
President Eisenhower and Sec
retary of Treasury Humphrey
today failed to change the minds
of Chairman Reed of the House
Ways and Means Committee and
Representative Curtis. Republi
can. of Nebraska, who favor let
ting social security tax increases
take effect on schedule Jan
uary 1.
The four conferred for an hour
at the White House, without
comment later from administra
tion officials. Gen. Eisenhower
and Mr. Humphrey have sug
gested that social security rates
should be frozen at their pres
ent levels after January 1.
Mr. Reed and Mr. Curtis, who
heads a Ways and Means sub
committee studying the social
security program, said after the
conference that they personally
still believe a scheduled boost
from 1.5 per cent to 2 per cert
for employes as well as em
ployers should go into effect
January 1.
Discussion Friendly.
Secretary Humphrey was not
available for comment after the
White House conference. Mr.
Reed and Mr. Curtis, however,
reported that the discussion
dealt entirely with social se
curity and did not touch on other
tax problems.
Mr. Reed emphasized that the
discussion was friendly and that
“it was not at all an attempt to
convert me."
He recalled that last spring
he opposed the idea of prevent
ing the social security tax in
crease from going into effect.
Both Speak Personally.
“I am speaking personally and
not for the Ways and Means
; Committee,” Mr. Reed explained,
i "I am still in favor of letting
the scheduled increases go into
| effect. I do not want to be
i charged, or have my parly be
| charged, with depleting the re
j serve for the social security
j fund.”
Mr. Curtis said he also was
speaking personally in favoring
I the scheduled increase. He add
ed that "I am in no sense rebel
j lious about it. but I believe that
I the increase should take effect
to do justice to the social security
program.”
Mr. Curtis refused to predict
what the Ways and Means Com
mittee might do about the Pres
! iderit's proposal for a freeze. He
said the committee last spring
“was quite closely divided” on
the issue.
Increase Automatic.
The social security tax increase
will be automatic January 1 un
der present law. The adminis
tration has indicated it hopes
that Congress, soon after return
ing in January, will enact spe
cific legislation to cancel the in
crease and thus postpone it in
definitely.
Representative Eberharter,
Democrat, of Pensylvania said
earlier today that the drive to
cancel the scheduled increase
would open up a “very, very
! hard battle” early in the next
session of Congress.
Bome Republicans have pro
tested that for low income work
ers, the social security tax boost
would more than offset a 10 per
cerlt cut in income taxes, also
set for January 1.
Mr. Eberharter, however, said
, “many, many Republicans”
would favor letting the social
security tax increase take ef
fect.
“They don’t want to be ac
cused of weakening the financial
structure of the social security
system,” Mr. Eberharter added.
The Pennsylvanian is serving on
both the Ways and Means Com
mittee and the "Social Security
subcommittee.
Just Between Presidents
Personal greetings from Fin
land's 82-year-old President
Juhok Paasikivi were conveyed
today to President Eisenhower
by A. W. Havela, Duluth <Minn.)
publisher and banker who was
in Finland last summer.
The Growing Capital:
University Lane
GROWING SUBURBS—The ores
surrounding the intersection of New
Hompshire ovenue ond University lone
in suburban Maryland is one of tho
fastest growing sections oround
Washington. For the second in a
series of weekly oeriol photographs
see the Langley Fork area on pogo
1-1.
FOINT OF FRlDE—Chaplain Charles
Enders, os Goodwill Industries' spirit
ual influence, is a busy man. Staff
Writer Mark Gnerro tells the story
on his work on page A-6 today.
Guide for Readers
Amusements. B-15 Lost, Found.. A-3
Churches ...A-6-9 Obituary A-12
Classified .A-12-21 Radto-TV ...A-23
Comics ...A-22-23 Real Esfoto B-l-16
Editoriol A-4 Society A-5
Edit'l Articles.. A-5 Sports

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