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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 22, 1953, Image 2

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Washington, D. C.
Canadian Privates
And Top Brass Now
Highest Paid in World
By tho Associated Press
OTTAWA, Nov. 21.—Canada’s
brass hats and buck privates
Bre about to become the highest
paid fighting men of their rank
In the world.
Effective December 1 the top
senior and the low junior ranks
In the three Canadian services
will take over the pay check
lead from their counterparts in
the United States forces.
In the middle, however—
Junior officers and senior non
commissioned officers the
Americans retain their lead.
This is the first time in two
years that Canadian service
men have received a raise. It
ranges from $5 to SIOO a month
and will bring the military pay
roll total to more than S3OO
million, a boost of some $27
For officers, it will amount to
about a 10-per-cent hike, for
men, about B ’2 per cent.
A new recruit in the Army,
Navy, or Air Force wall receive
, $92 a month. At present, the
figure is SB7.
In the case of Rear Admirals,
Major-Generals and Air Vice
Marshals, the boost is from SBBI
to $9Bl.
Based on figures obtained
from the United States Em
bassy, here is a comparison of
the basic pay rates of equiva
lent ranks in the Canadian and
American armies:
Canadian States
Ffc. $107.00 $ 99.37
Corpl. 127.00 122.30
Sergt 144.00 145.24
2nd Lt. 185.00 222.30
Ist Lt 230.00 259.36
Capt. 290.00 326.04
Major 370.00 400.14
Lt. Col. 460.00 474.24
Colonel 615.00 592.80
Brig. Gen. 827.00 800.28
Maj. Gen. 981.00 963.30
These figures reflect the dif
ferences only in the basic pay
rate on assumption of rank.
From there on. pay rates in
crease irregularly in the services
of both countries and compari
son becomes difficult.
Reader's Guide
I Sunday, November 22, 1953.
General News, Editorial.
Lost, Found. A-3
Editorial Features. A-25-29
Editorials. A-2S
Science Calendar. A-46
Classified, Finance.
Classified Ads. B-l-21
Financial. B-22-23
Sports, Resorts.
Sport News. C-l-19
Resorts and Travel. C-10-12
Educational. C-13
Obituary. C-14
Society, Women's Clubs.
Society News. D-l-32
Women’s Clubs. D-8-9
Reader’s Clearing House. D-21
Amusements, Features.
Amusements. E-l-2-3
Recordings. E-2
Music. E-3
Radio-Television. E-4-5
Art. E-7
Camera. E-ll
Bridge. E-10
Book Reviews. E-7
Stamps. E-10
Farm and Garden. E-8-9
Fraternal News. E-ll
This edition also contains
This Week Magazine of 32
pages, a 12-page comic section
and 28 pages of rotogravure.
Town Sergeant Quits
Nov. 21 ) Special).—F. F. Marsh,
Scottsville town sergeant, has
resigned to become deputy sher
iff of Albemarle County. He will
fill the vacancy created by the
resignation, effective by Novem
ber 30, of Deputy Sheriff Earl
The Weather Here and Over the Nation
District and vicinity—Cloudy ,
and mild today, high in the 60s.
Low about 54 tonight. Tomor
row. cloudy and mild.
Maryland and Virginia
Cloudy and mild today, high in
the 60s. Low' in the 50s tonight, j
Tomorrow', cloudy and mild.
Wind Southeast, 8-12 miles
per hour.
/ US. WfATHfH tUMAU ****
4 w^^^ol
\. s<>
a'' yX 4S / «6 V» ,
\ com »► «* n^^T 7 M/ T k
High Temperatures ond Areas Id —J rA \
I Ttmptrctvn FfvtMshiwJ
ImT 70 "••*•' c «'*” # "' t ‘ , '* W ll'T *"?■
v?\ As OH .M P.M IST *••" Sm-^3
\j Nov. 21,1953 Highs and low, m IncltM
Rain is forecast today for the Middle Atlantic States and
the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys. Showers are forecast for
Northern California and the North Pacific area, and in the
South from the Atlantic to the lower Mississippi Valley. Snow
is slated for the lower Lakes region, center and upper Missis
sippi Valley and the Western Lakes region.
—AP Wirephoto Map.
As Sales Abroad Drop
Unperturbed Experts See U. S.
Holding Its Own in Long Run
By Crosby S. Noyes
Economic experts in the for
eign trade field here are permit
ting themselves a polite bureau
cratic chuckle over the cries of
alarm from American manufac
turers prompted by a decline in
their exports to foreign countries.
In paticular, they are amused
by the general belief that the
tapering-off of foreign economic
aid from the United States to its
allies is a major cause of the
present slump in export orders.
Apparently, these manufactur
ers, who were among the loudest
and bitterest critics of Govern
ment “give-away programs,”
didn’t stop to think that most
of the dollars given away were
finding their way home again in
the form of orders from Ameri
can industry. And their cur
rent protests are getting a slight
ly unsympathetic reception here.
Outline of Picture.
Briefly, the American export
picture is this:
American sales abroad climbed
rapidly during the reconstruc
tion years following World War
11, reaching a peak of over sls
billion in 1951. Last year brought
a slight drop, but the total stayed
almost at the same level be
cause of heavy shipments under
the military aid program.
Today, with this prop being
trimmed away, a real slump has
started. The figures show an
overall 12 per cent drop in com
mercial exports for the first eight
months of 1953, compared to the
similar period last year. Agri
cultural exports were down 24
per cent for the period. Non
agricultural products, excluding
military equipment, dropped off
seven per cent.
Hardest hit are makers of ma
chine tools, automobiles and the
grain growers. Sales of gasoline
and television sets are still on
the upgrade. In all, out of 91
commodity groups listed by the
Commerce Department, 61 re
ported a fall in foreign sales in
Taken in proportion to the
whole economy, of course, these
figures aren't too alarming. For
eign trade accounts for only 5
per cent of the total national
output. But, judging from the
reports, the affected few are seri
ously upset.
Europe Able to Buy.
Actually, according to the
Government experts, the drop in
American economic aid is not
primarily responsible for the
slump. Instead of being scarcer
than during the Marshall Plan
years, gold and dollars are more
plentiful in Europe today than
at any time since before the war.
Europe's gold and dollar hold
ings stand at over sll billion.
>lf Europe had to buy from this
country, it could.
The fact is, however, that' it
doesn’t have to buy. Primarily
because of the success of the
American economic aid program,
mapy areas of the free world
now are able to compete with
United States products on the
world market.
German industry is booming
and cutting into American busi
ness sharply, especially in the
area of machine tools, machin
ery, electrical products and
chemicals. Britain is competing
for customers looking for elec
trical goods, aircraft, heavy con- j
struction and farm machinery.
The demand for American agri
cultural products has diminished
in proportion to the revival of
other producing areas. Even
Russia is getting into the act
with exports of wheat, barley,!
some machinery, certain metals
and oil.
Results of Aid.
In short, the pinch that Amer
ican exporters feel today is the
payoff on all that this country 1
has beentrying to do econom
ically for the free world since
the Marshall Plan was launched j
in 1948. The competitive situa-1
tion that now exists has little
direct relation to the smaller
number of aid dollars being
shipped out of the country.
To be sure, if the United
States were willing at this point
to go on providing massive eco
nomic aid to foreign friends,
there would be some increased
demands for American export
goods. There would also be a
more rapid increase in gold and
dollar reserves as some of the
profits socked away. But it
seems highly inappropriate to
the American policy makers to
River Report.
(From U. S. Engineers )
Potnmae river cloudy at Harpers Ferry
and cloudy at Great Falls; Shenandoah
cloudy at Harpers Ferry.
(Readings Washington National Airport.)
Yesterday Pet. Yesterday— Pet.
Noon 9C Midnight
4 p.m. 83 8 am.
8 pm. _ 88 10 a.m. -
Record Temperatures This Year.
Highest. 100, on Aug. 31, and Sept. 2.
Lowest 22. on March 2.
High and Low of Last til Hours.
High. (53. at 3:40 p.m.
Low. 40. at 5 a.m.
' keep*"on spending $4 to $5 bil
, lion a year merely to permit
Europeans to buy more goods
from this country and raise
, their living standards more rap
‘ idly than they can now.
, Does this mean that the
United States will be perma
' nently squeezed out of the world
1 market?
Trade Expansion Healthy.
i The experts think not. They
, go on the theory that all ex
pansion of international trade
! is inevitably healthy from the
, American point of view in the
long run. Today, best customers
for United States goods are
, highly developed countries with
i expanding economies. Canada
—where a development boom is
bringing a rapidly increasing
demand for investment money,
equipment and consumer goods
■ —is a fine example. If there
were more Canadas, it is ar
gued, the United States wouldn’t
suffer for it.
The temporary dislocations
and pains are not as serious as
they seem, it is said. A favor
ite parallel is the industrializa
, tion of the Southern States
within the last decade. Certain
Northern industries are still feel
ing the pinch from the new-born
competition. BiV it could hardly
be argued that the over-all na
tional economy has not been
strengthened and enriched.
In terms of the long-range
outlook, the experts here are in
clined to optimism. Given the
same rate of progress—and given
no major war—they feel that
the demand for American goods
will return. At the moment, the
free world is 'hoarding its dol
lars and openly discriminating
against the United States if
there is a likely alternative sel
ler. In time, increasing pros
perity, higher living standards
and a better overall trade posi
tion will force this country’s
allies to let down the barriers.
When that happens—and care
fully-hedged estimates put the
time at five years from now—
there is faith that the American
economy can compete success
fully with anybody.
In this bright forecast there
is one big “if” which takes some
of the complacency out of the
official view of the present pic
Danger of 'Reaction.
If the United States, through
• an exaggerated political reaction
to its temporary economic
cramp, should revert to a policy
lof higher tariffs and greater
trade restrictions, the result
could be disastrous. At the very
least, the growth of the free
world’s economy would be in
hibited. If the policy were imi
tated, it could be stagnated, and
all the gains that have been
made would be undone.
The economic experts of the
present administration aren’t
dreamers. They realize that the
question of projecting Ameiican
producers against foreign com
petition is not an easy one to
answer. They don't recommend
that ay restrictions could or
should be abolished in a hurry.
They realize, however, that
the pressure that has led this
country to take the lead in re
! ducing trade barriers in the past
! is now largely on the other foot.
! They are aware that the subject
of glowing foreign competition
will be one of the hottest subjects
of debate in the coming session
of Congress.
And they hope that in making
i their choice, the gentlemen on
i Capitol Hill will keep their eyes
| on the brightening norizon, and
j not be over-impressed by the
cries of woe that are certain to
j ring in their ears.
Adventists Will Have
Open House Tuesday
An open house will be held
Tuesday by the General Confer
ence of Seventh-day Adventists
and the Review and Herald Pub
lishing Association to make the
50th anniversary of their mov
ing to the Washington area,
from 2 to 9 p.m. at the denomi
nation’s headquarters, 6840 East
ern avenue.
The Star’s Pictorial magazine,
in a picture story today on
Takoma Park's Adventists, an
nounces that the open house is
scheduled for this afternoon.
The date was changed after the
section had gone to press.
I Tide Tables.
: (Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High 8:11 am. 8:29a.m.
Low 3:12 a.m. 4:91 a m.
j High 9:06 p.m 9.52 p.m.
: Low 3:18 p.m. 4:08 p.m.
| i
The Sun and Monn.
Rises. Sets.
Sun. today 6:58 am. 4:50 p.m
Sun. tomorrow T:itu a.m. 4:49 p.m
Moon, today _ 6.15 p.m. 8:57 a.m. i
i Automobile lights must be turned on
one-hall hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation in Inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1953. Avg Record
January 4.13 3.38 7.83 37 1
February 2.35 3.00 6.81 84
March 7.43 3.65 8.84 81
April 4.77 3.30 9.13 ‘B9
May 10.69 3.71 10.69 ‘B9
I June 2.98 3.97 10.94 00
July 2.57 4.40 10.63 ’B6
August 3.48 4.35 14.41 28
September 4.07 3.69 17.45 34
October 373 2.91 8.81 37
November 0.69 2.71 7.18 ’77
December _. 3.09 7.56 ‘Ol
Temperatures in Various CiUes.
H. L. H. L.
Abilene . .61 41 Key West 85 74
Albany 62 30 Knoxville 72 56
Albuquerque 37 27 Little Rock 56 32
Anchorage ..16 7 Louisville 63 45
, Atlanta .69 58 Memphis . _ 63 34
Atlantic City 60 53 Miami 84 67
Baltimore ...60 42 Milwaukee . 43 36
Billings 42 19 Minneapolis .35 30
Birmingham 73 58 Montgomery 76 56
Bismarck ...26 23 New Orleans 75 6(1
Boise 43 27 New York . 55 40
Boston 7(1 48 Norfolk .73 52
Buffalo 62 55 Oklahoma C. 53 32
Burlington 62 38 Omaha .37 31
Charleston ..75 63 Philadelphia 64 3:t
Charlotte 69 60 Phoenix 55 no
: Cheyenne . 27 7 Pittsburgh .68 53
Chicago ..61 40 P'tland. Me.. 58 32
! Cincinnati 62 47 P'tland, Or.. .54 42
Cleveland 66 54 Raleigh 76 55
Columbus 66 57 Reno 41 21
Dallas 51 39 Richmond __74 46
Denver ..32 20 St. Louis ..63 37
■ Des Moines .36 31 Salt Lake C. 40 25
! Detroit 55 61 San Antonio 64 43
Duluth ..36 30 San Diego 64 45
Port Worth 50 37 S. Francisco. 60 41
Houston 69 52 Savannah ... 78 65
i Huron ..28 24 Beattle 45 37
Indianapolis 65 38 Tampa ..82 66
, Jackson ..73 43 Washington 63 49
I Kansas City 45 38 Wichita 37 29
Republicans Facing
Struggle to Control
Both Houses in '54
By Gould Lincoln
As the Republicans prepare
for the second and vital session
of the 83rd Congress, opening in
January, their thoughts turn
i bleakly to death and resignation,
j Should the Republicans lose
; three more House members and
their places be filled by Demo
j crats at special elections, ma
jority control of that body would
shift to the Democrats, a terrific
handicap for the Eisenhower ad
Two resignations and one
death of Republican House mem
bers already have resulted in
narrowing the gap between the
Republicans and Democrats in
the House. The Republicans now
have 219 House members, the
Democrats 215, and there is one
independent. When the elections
were held last year, the Repub
licans had 221 House seats, the
Democrats 213, and 1 independ
! ent.
The Republicans lost two seats
in special elections this fall—
and retained one. The Demo
crats, on the other hand, elected
party members to fill vacancies
in five special elections and lost
| none.
Raises G. O. P. Hopes.
Congressional elections in
1930. in the middle of former
President Hoover’s term, re
sulted in the election of 218
Republicans, 216 Democrats and
1 Farmer-Labor member of the
House. The new 72d Congress
did not meet until December,
1931. During that Rterval, the
Republicans lost their House
majority because Democrats won
four special elections to fill seats
held by Republicans which had
become vacant.
The most recent special elec-
I tion—that in the 24th Cali
fornia district—has given the
Republicans hope. Its candi
date, Glenard P. Lipscomb, won
there, ending a run of seven
Democratic victories in elections
to fill vacant House seats. The
Republicans had been shaken by
defeats of their candidates in
the 9th Wisconsin and 6th New
Jersey districts.
Death of Senator Taft of Ohio
already has given the Democrats
the lead in number of Senate
| seats. In the upper house, the
Republicans now have 47 seats,
the Democrats 48 and 1 Inde
pendent—Morse of Oregon. If
Senator Morse at any time de
cided to vote with the Demo
crats on organization of the
Senate, the Republicans would
be out so far as committee chair
manships and the president pro
tempore of the Senate are con
Congressional Quarterly has
i canvassed the ages of House
members and finds that 34 Re
publicans and 15 Democrats will
be over 65 years of age at the
) end of this year.
Counting On Exposes.
Whatever happens in the mat
ter of vacancies and special elec
tions during the next year, the
Republicans are faced with a
: struggle to hold control of the
House and Senate in the 1954
It is clear they are counting
on exposes of laxity on the part
of the Truman Democrats in
dealing w ith Communist infiltra
tion into the Government. Re
publican National Chairman
Leonard W. Hall has said that
the Harry Dexter White case
gives the Republicans a great
“lift” for the coming campaign.
The Republicans intend to make
as much as they can of the
! "Red” issue, despite President
Eisenhower’s expressed hope that
the issue will be only a memory
by the time of the next election.
The President has said the
Republican party must go to the
polls next year after having de
veloped a program, both foreign
and domestic, which is good for
the country and is so recognized
by the American people. In that
way, he is convinced, the Re
publicans will be entitled to vic
tory and will win.
House Republican Leader Hal
leck, here yesterday en route to
Florida for a vacation, empha
sized these matters presented
major problems for the next
session of Congress.
Just what shape farm legis
lation will take Mr. Halleck
would not predict. But he said
he had found a slackening of
criticism of Secretary of Agri
culture Benson.
Mr. Halleck said there is no
doubt that a 10 per cent cut
in income taxes scheduled for
January 1 will go into effect
! and that the excess profits tax
w'ill expire on the same date.
Whatever program Gen. Ei
senhower decides on he will need
Democratic votes in all proba
i bility in both houses of Con
| gress to put it through. Whether
the Democrats will co-operate
remains to be seen. Bitterness
is increasing among Derlrocrats
because of Republican attacks
on the “Red” issue.
1 Also, the approaching cam
! paign and elections will tend to
I Gmfo/ete S fg «75
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Hi:* ’ |ii is ■ ■ ■aji F»l»«f»< Sty*
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9 a.m.-6 p.m. jqji jaji. c f
I The Federal Spotlight
Rees to Start Action on Repeal
Os Whitten Rider in January
By Joseph Young *
Chairman Rees of the House Civil Service Committee an
nounced last night he would start action when Congress convenes
in January for repeal of the Whitten rider which curbs permanent
appointments and promotions in the Government.
Disclosing that the number of permanent classified employes
in Government has dropped by
44 per cent since the Whitten
rider was enacted in September,
said that the
curb had pre- Jt l
vented many
thousands of , - * *•§§
indefinite em
ployes from AtAPWk
securing per-
manent sta- |^*|g§|jfe^§§r
Tiie Kansas «||l§i||g&te
feels very
strongly that JM
! Governme n t
indefinite em
ployes who Joseph Young.
I have passed civil service exams
or are otherwise qualified on a
merit basis are entitled to per
manent status.
"‘These figures clearly indicate
the necessity for congressional
consideration directed toward re
peal of the Whitten amend
ment,” Mr. Rees declared. "I
plan to bring this before the
committee for action thereon
when Congress reconvenes in
A committee survey of the 16
largest agencies and depart
ments in Government shows that
; there are now only 414.462 per
manent status classified em
! ployes in these bureaus, com
pared to 681,525 in September,
Mr. Rees said some kind of
control over the total number of
permanent jobs in Government
make the Democrats play pol
itics. On the other hand, Dem
ocrats have declared that they
saved Gen. Eisenhower on a
number of important votes in
the last session of Congress—
seeking to convince the inde
pendent voters who flocked to
Gen. Eisenhower’s support in
1952 that they should vote for
Democratic candidates for Con
gress if they really want the
hands of the President upheld.
The Democrats laid the
groundwork for their campaign
against the Republicans earlier
in the year. They placed parti
cular emphasis on the fact that
President Eisenhower has ap
pointed many representatives of
business—big business—to high
governmental position. Adlai
Stevenson, for example, sug
gested that the Eisenhower ad
ministration might eventually be
knowrn as the "Big Deal.” Falling
farm prices—although they be
gan in the Truman administra
! tion—have been seized upon as
* a vehicle of attack by the Demo
■ crats. They are planning to make
! “McCarthyism” an issue, as a
kind of offset to the Republican
attack on Democratic handling
of Communist infiltration into
While the Democrats are
planning to make hay in the
farm districts, the Republicans
are organizing to go after Dem
ocratic House seats in the indus
trial areas and big cities and
also in the South. The Repub
licans will use their plea for up
holding President Eisenhower as
a major battlecry. Since Gen.
Eisenhower actually carried 295
congressional districts in the
1952 election, although Repub
licans elected their candidates
for the House in only 221 dis
tricts, it is obvious why the
Republicans should make the
most of the Eisenhower issue.
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may still be needed, but declared
that the severe restrictions of the
Whitten rider were excessive. He
declared that repeal of the rider
; would give the administration
the flexibility needed in deter
mining just how many indefinite
employes should be given per
manent status.
Declaring that since 1950 when
the Whitten rider went into
effect, new agencies have been
created and others have taken
on additional duties. Mr. Rees
said he felt the permanent per
; sonnel ceilings of the Whitten
| rider “were no longer realistic ”
! The original Whitten rider en
acted by Congress after the out
break of the Korean war barred
any future permanent appoint
ments in Government. Conse
quently, employes entering the
Government after September,
1950, were given only indefinite
appointments, even though they
may have passed civil service
However, a White House exec-
I utive order issued shortly after
the original Whitten rider and
designed to carry out its provi
sions, is still in effect. Conse
quently, permanent appoint
ments of any kind are still
Civil Service Commission offi
cials declare that complete re
peal of the Whitten amendment
is needed, rather than a new
executive rider allowing perma
; nent appointments up to the
September 1, 1950 level. They
contend that allowing permanent
appointments up to the 1950
level—which would provide for
about 200,000 such appointments
| —would present an administra
tive headache in trying to decide
which of the 600,000 indefinite
workers should be given the
200,000 status appointments
The administration has gone
on record in favor of outright
repeal of the Whitten rider, so
that it can have the administra
tive discretion it feels necessary
in determining how many em
! ployes should be given permanent
The large employe turnover
each year as a result of resigna
tions, separations, retirements
and other factors, is the cause
of the 44 per cent drop in the
number of Government per
manent jobs since 1950, even
though total Federal employ
ment has increased consider
; ably since then.
CSC officials declare that un
less permanent appointments
are once again authorized, the
concept of a Federal career serv
ice will be jeopardized as the
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per cent of permanent status
employes drops from year to
The Whitten rider also, with a
few exceptions, bars permanent j
promotions in Government and |
curbs promotions to one-grade
advancements at a time.
Here is a table comparing the
total number of permanent
classified employes in the 16
major departments and agencies
on September, 30, 1950 and on
August 31, 1953:
Sept. 1, Aug 1,
' 1950 1953
Justice 19,524 11,389
Interior 40,110 26.501
Agriculture 52,633 39,727
Labor 4,975 3,416 ’
Army 120.565 42,716
Navy 93,257 31,258
Air Force 58,453 15.802
Defense 1,474 375
General Service
Adm. 24.271 20,861
Commerce 33,731 30,261
Veterans’ Adm._ 143,206 96,237
State 4,502 1,605
Foreign Opera
tions Adm 1,217 160
Health, Educa
tion and Wel
fare _ . _ 30,456 23,038
Home and Hous
in g Finance
Agency 12,852 8.320
Treasury 74,736 62,796
Total 681.525 414.462
$ Edward E. Ayre, Inc. $
M Our 21st Year
£ n ;!
I * I
li We are proud to present g
fi the unique, new selfwinding watch 7A
W In our Patek Philippe collection.
fi The *torv of this timepiece, with in 7A
[M thirty jewels and its 18kt. gold double
action rotor weight, is so fascinating ffi
J i that we would welcome the opportunity 7 ft
AT of telling it to you. j^ 1
MAYFLOWER HOTEL NA. 8-2122 • Dl. 7-3000 $
Before the Thermometer
BOSTON.—Before the ther
mometer was invented, physi
cians developed unusual skill in
measuring degrees of body tem
perature with their hands.
Furnace ?
If you do, we’d sure like to
serve you. We install warm
air furnaces for as low as
$359.00. Hot-water furnaces
for as low as $329.00. We can
make installations in one
day. Ask your neighbor about
us. We’re the "Old Reliable ”
A. P. Woodson Co. and we’ve
been installing furnaces since
way back in 1919. If you'd
like our free estimate, phone
REpublic 7-5800. We re lo
cated at 1313 H St.. N.W.
We ll make installations any
where in the District, nearby
Maryland or Virginia.

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